Abstract

We report an efficient high-peak-power and high-average-power passively Q-switched ytterbium fiber laser with a Cr4+:YAG crystal as a saturable absorber in an external-resonator configuration. At an incident pump power of 17.5 W, the passively Q-switched fiber laser produces an average power greater than 6.2 W with a pulse repetition rate of 48 kHz. The output pulses noticeably display a mode-locking phenomenon that leads to the maximum peak power to be higher than 20 kW.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. L. Zenteno, "High-power double-clad fiber lasers," J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1435-1446 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. J. F. Digonnet, Rare-Earth-Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers, 2nd ed. (Marcel Dekker, 2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Z. J. Chen, A. B. Grudinin, J. Porta and J. D. Minelly, "Enhanced Q switching in double-clad fiber lasers," Opt. Lett. 23, 454-456 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, H. L. Offerhaus, J. Nilson, P. W. Turner, W. A. Clarkson, and D. J. Richardson, "High-energy high-power ytterbium-doped Q-switched fiber laser," Opt. Lett.,  25, 37-39 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. X. Fan, F. Y. Lu, S. L. Hu, K. C. Lu, H. J. Wang, X. Y. Dong, J. L. He, and H. T. Wang, "Tunable high-peak-power, high-energy hybrid Q-switched double-clad fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 724-726 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Y. Wang and C. Q. Xu, "Modeling and optimization of Q-switched double-clad fiber lasers," Appl. Opt. 45, 2058-2071 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. T. Tordella, H. Djellout, B. Dussardier, A. Saïssy, and G. Monnom, "High repetition rate passively Q-switched Nd3+:Cr4+ all-fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 39, 1307-1308 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Fotiadi, A. Kurkov, and I. Razdobreev, "All-fiber passively Q-switched ytterbium laser," CLEO/Europe-EQEC 2005, Technical Digest, CJ 2-3, Munich, Germany (2005).
  9. P. Adel, M. Auerbach, C. Fallnich, S. Unger, H.-R. Müller, and J. Kirchhof, "Passive Q-switching by Tm3+ co-doping of a Yb3+-fiber laser," Opt. Express 11, 2730-2735 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. Laroche, A. M. Chardon, J. Nilsson, D. P. Shepherd, W. A. Clarkson, S. Girard, and R. Moncorgé, "Compact diode-pumped passively Q-switched tunable Er-Yb double-clad fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 27, 1980-1982 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. V. N. Philippov, A. V. Kiryanov, and S. Unger, "Advanced configuration of erbium fiber passively Q-switched laser with Co2+: ZnSe crystal as saturable absorber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 57-59 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  12. F. Z. Qamar and T. A. King, "Passive Q-switching of the Tm-silica fiber laser near 2 mm by Cr2+: ZnSe saturable absorber crystal," Opt. Commun. 248, 501-505 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. Paschotta, R. Häring, E. Gini, H. Melchior, U. Keller, H. L. Offerhaus, and D. J. Richardson, "Passively Q-switched 0.1 mJ fiber laser system at 1.53 μm," Opt. Lett. 24, 388-390 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Laroche, H. Gilles, S. Girard, N. Passilly, and K. Aït-Ameur, "Nanosecond pulse generation in a passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser by Cr4+: YAG saturable absorber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 764-766 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. Dong, P. Deng, Y. Liu, Y. Zhang, J. Xu, W. Chen, and X. Xie, "Passively Q-switched Yb:YAG laser with Cr4+:YAG as the saturable absorber," Appl. Opt. 40, 4303-4307 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. I. Mackenzie and D. P. Shepherd, "End-pump, passively Q-switched Yb:YAG double-clad waveguide laser," Opt. Lett. 27, 2161-2163 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  17. H. Wu, P. Yan, M. Gong, and Q. Liu, "A passively Q-switched diode pumped Yb:YAG microchip laser," Chin. Opt. Lett. 1, 697-698 (2003).
  18. V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, "Q-switched Yb3+:YVO4 laser with Raman self-conversion," Appl. Phys. B 80, 471-473 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  19. X. Zhang, A. Brenier, Q. Wang, Z. Wang, J. Chang, P. Li, S. Zhang, S. Ding, and S. Li, "Passive Q-switching characteristics of Yb3+:Gd3Ga5O12 crystal," Opt. Express 13, 7708-7719 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. Y. Kalisky, O. Kalisky, U. Rachum, G. Boulon, and A. Brenier, "Comparative performance of passively Q-switched diode-pumped Yb:GGG, Yb:YAG and Yb-doped tungstates lasers using Cr4+-doped garnets," Proc. SPIE Vol. 6100, 61001K (2006).
  21. Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and H. L. Chang, "Analytical model for design criteria of passively Q-switched lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 462-468 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  22. X. Zhang, S. Zhao, Q. Wang, Q. Zhang, L. Sun, and S. Zhang, "Optimization of Cr4+-doped saturable absorber Q-switched lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2286-2294 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  23. K. Lu and N. K. Dutta, "Spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped silica glass," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 576-581 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  24. Y. Shimony, Z, Burshtein, and Y. Kalisky, "Cr4+: YAG as passive Q-switch and Brewster plate in a pulsed Nd:YAG laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1738-1741 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  25. L. A. Zenteno, H. Po, and N. M. Cho, "All-solid-state passively Q-switched mode-locked Nd-doped fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 15, 115-117 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. Y. F. Chen and S. W. Tsai, "Simultaneous Q-switching and mode-locking in a diode-pumped Nd: YVO4-Cr4+:YAG laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 580-586 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2006

M. Laroche, H. Gilles, S. Girard, N. Passilly, and K. Aït-Ameur, "Nanosecond pulse generation in a passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser by Cr4+: YAG saturable absorber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 764-766 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kalisky, O. Kalisky, U. Rachum, G. Boulon, and A. Brenier, "Comparative performance of passively Q-switched diode-pumped Yb:GGG, Yb:YAG and Yb-doped tungstates lasers using Cr4+-doped garnets," Proc. SPIE Vol. 6100, 61001K (2006).

Y. Wang and C. Q. Xu, "Modeling and optimization of Q-switched double-clad fiber lasers," Appl. Opt. 45, 2058-2071 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

X. Zhang, A. Brenier, Q. Wang, Z. Wang, J. Chang, P. Li, S. Zhang, S. Ding, and S. Li, "Passive Q-switching characteristics of Yb3+:Gd3Ga5O12 crystal," Opt. Express 13, 7708-7719 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, "Q-switched Yb3+:YVO4 laser with Raman self-conversion," Appl. Phys. B 80, 471-473 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

V. N. Philippov, A. V. Kiryanov, and S. Unger, "Advanced configuration of erbium fiber passively Q-switched laser with Co2+: ZnSe crystal as saturable absorber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 57-59 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, F. Y. Lu, S. L. Hu, K. C. Lu, H. J. Wang, X. Y. Dong, J. L. He, and H. T. Wang, "Tunable high-peak-power, high-energy hybrid Q-switched double-clad fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 724-726 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

2002

2001

Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and H. L. Chang, "Analytical model for design criteria of passively Q-switched lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 462-468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Dong, P. Deng, Y. Liu, Y. Zhang, J. Xu, W. Chen, and X. Xie, "Passively Q-switched Yb:YAG laser with Cr4+:YAG as the saturable absorber," Appl. Opt. 40, 4303-4307 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen and S. W. Tsai, "Simultaneous Q-switching and mode-locking in a diode-pumped Nd: YVO4-Cr4+:YAG laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 580-586 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

1999

1998

1997

X. Zhang, S. Zhao, Q. Wang, Q. Zhang, L. Sun, and S. Zhang, "Optimization of Cr4+-doped saturable absorber Q-switched lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2286-2294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995

Y. Shimony, Z, Burshtein, and Y. Kalisky, "Cr4+: YAG as passive Q-switch and Brewster plate in a pulsed Nd:YAG laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1738-1741 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993

L. Zenteno, "High-power double-clad fiber lasers," J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1435-1446 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990

Adel, P.

Aït-Ameur, K.

M. Laroche, H. Gilles, S. Girard, N. Passilly, and K. Aït-Ameur, "Nanosecond pulse generation in a passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser by Cr4+: YAG saturable absorber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 764-766 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Alvarez-Chavez, J. A.

Auerbach, M.

Boulon, G.

Y. Kalisky, O. Kalisky, U. Rachum, G. Boulon, and A. Brenier, "Comparative performance of passively Q-switched diode-pumped Yb:GGG, Yb:YAG and Yb-doped tungstates lasers using Cr4+-doped garnets," Proc. SPIE Vol. 6100, 61001K (2006).

Brenier, A.

Y. Kalisky, O. Kalisky, U. Rachum, G. Boulon, and A. Brenier, "Comparative performance of passively Q-switched diode-pumped Yb:GGG, Yb:YAG and Yb-doped tungstates lasers using Cr4+-doped garnets," Proc. SPIE Vol. 6100, 61001K (2006).

X. Zhang, A. Brenier, Q. Wang, Z. Wang, J. Chang, P. Li, S. Zhang, S. Ding, and S. Li, "Passive Q-switching characteristics of Yb3+:Gd3Ga5O12 crystal," Opt. Express 13, 7708-7719 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, H. L.

Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and H. L. Chang, "Analytical model for design criteria of passively Q-switched lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 462-468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chang, J.

Chardon, A. M.

Chen, W.

Chen, Y. F.

Y. F. Chen and S. W. Tsai, "Simultaneous Q-switching and mode-locking in a diode-pumped Nd: YVO4-Cr4+:YAG laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 580-586 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and H. L. Chang, "Analytical model for design criteria of passively Q-switched lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 462-468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z. J.

Cho, N. M.

Clarkson, W. A.

Deng, P.

Ding, S.

Djellout, H.

T. Tordella, H. Djellout, B. Dussardier, A. Saïssy, and G. Monnom, "High repetition rate passively Q-switched Nd3+:Cr4+ all-fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 39, 1307-1308 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dong, J.

Dong, X. Y.

Dussardier, B.

T. Tordella, H. Djellout, B. Dussardier, A. Saïssy, and G. Monnom, "High repetition rate passively Q-switched Nd3+:Cr4+ all-fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 39, 1307-1308 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dutta, N. K.

K. Lu and N. K. Dutta, "Spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped silica glass," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 576-581 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fallnich, C.

Fan, Y. X.

Gilles, H.

M. Laroche, H. Gilles, S. Girard, N. Passilly, and K. Aït-Ameur, "Nanosecond pulse generation in a passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser by Cr4+: YAG saturable absorber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 764-766 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gini, E.

Girard, S.

M. Laroche, H. Gilles, S. Girard, N. Passilly, and K. Aït-Ameur, "Nanosecond pulse generation in a passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser by Cr4+: YAG saturable absorber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 764-766 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Laroche, A. M. Chardon, J. Nilsson, D. P. Shepherd, W. A. Clarkson, S. Girard, and R. Moncorgé, "Compact diode-pumped passively Q-switched tunable Er-Yb double-clad fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 27, 1980-1982 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gong, M.

Grudinin, A. B.

Häring, R.

He, J. L.

Hu, S. L.

Kalisky, O.

Y. Kalisky, O. Kalisky, U. Rachum, G. Boulon, and A. Brenier, "Comparative performance of passively Q-switched diode-pumped Yb:GGG, Yb:YAG and Yb-doped tungstates lasers using Cr4+-doped garnets," Proc. SPIE Vol. 6100, 61001K (2006).

Kalisky, Y.

Y. Kalisky, O. Kalisky, U. Rachum, G. Boulon, and A. Brenier, "Comparative performance of passively Q-switched diode-pumped Yb:GGG, Yb:YAG and Yb-doped tungstates lasers using Cr4+-doped garnets," Proc. SPIE Vol. 6100, 61001K (2006).

Keller, U.

Kirchhof, J.

Kiryanov, A. V.

V. N. Philippov, A. V. Kiryanov, and S. Unger, "Advanced configuration of erbium fiber passively Q-switched laser with Co2+: ZnSe crystal as saturable absorber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 57-59 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kisel, V. E.

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, "Q-switched Yb3+:YVO4 laser with Raman self-conversion," Appl. Phys. B 80, 471-473 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kuleshov, N. V.

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, "Q-switched Yb3+:YVO4 laser with Raman self-conversion," Appl. Phys. B 80, 471-473 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kupchenko, M. I.

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, "Q-switched Yb3+:YVO4 laser with Raman self-conversion," Appl. Phys. B 80, 471-473 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lan, Y. P.

Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and H. L. Chang, "Analytical model for design criteria of passively Q-switched lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 462-468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Laroche, M.

M. Laroche, H. Gilles, S. Girard, N. Passilly, and K. Aït-Ameur, "Nanosecond pulse generation in a passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser by Cr4+: YAG saturable absorber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 764-766 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Laroche, A. M. Chardon, J. Nilsson, D. P. Shepherd, W. A. Clarkson, S. Girard, and R. Moncorgé, "Compact diode-pumped passively Q-switched tunable Er-Yb double-clad fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 27, 1980-1982 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Li, P.

Li, S.

Liu, Q.

Liu, Y.

Lu, F. Y.

Lu, K.

K. Lu and N. K. Dutta, "Spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped silica glass," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 576-581 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lu, K. C.

Mackenzie, J. I.

Matrosov, V. N.

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, "Q-switched Yb3+:YVO4 laser with Raman self-conversion," Appl. Phys. B 80, 471-473 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Matrosova, T. A.

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, "Q-switched Yb3+:YVO4 laser with Raman self-conversion," Appl. Phys. B 80, 471-473 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Melchior, H.

Minelly, J. D.

Moncorgé, R.

Monnom, G.

T. Tordella, H. Djellout, B. Dussardier, A. Saïssy, and G. Monnom, "High repetition rate passively Q-switched Nd3+:Cr4+ all-fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 39, 1307-1308 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Müller, H.-R.

Nilson, J.

Nilsson, J.

Offerhaus, H. L.

Paschotta, R.

Passilly, N.

M. Laroche, H. Gilles, S. Girard, N. Passilly, and K. Aït-Ameur, "Nanosecond pulse generation in a passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser by Cr4+: YAG saturable absorber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 764-766 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Philippov, V. N.

V. N. Philippov, A. V. Kiryanov, and S. Unger, "Advanced configuration of erbium fiber passively Q-switched laser with Co2+: ZnSe crystal as saturable absorber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 57-59 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Po, H.

Porta, J.

Rachum, U.

Y. Kalisky, O. Kalisky, U. Rachum, G. Boulon, and A. Brenier, "Comparative performance of passively Q-switched diode-pumped Yb:GGG, Yb:YAG and Yb-doped tungstates lasers using Cr4+-doped garnets," Proc. SPIE Vol. 6100, 61001K (2006).

Richardson, D. J.

Saïssy, A.

T. Tordella, H. Djellout, B. Dussardier, A. Saïssy, and G. Monnom, "High repetition rate passively Q-switched Nd3+:Cr4+ all-fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 39, 1307-1308 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shcherbitsky, V. G.

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, "Q-switched Yb3+:YVO4 laser with Raman self-conversion," Appl. Phys. B 80, 471-473 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shepherd, D. P.

Shimony, Y.

Y. Shimony, Z, Burshtein, and Y. Kalisky, "Cr4+: YAG as passive Q-switch and Brewster plate in a pulsed Nd:YAG laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1738-1741 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sun, L.

X. Zhang, S. Zhao, Q. Wang, Q. Zhang, L. Sun, and S. Zhang, "Optimization of Cr4+-doped saturable absorber Q-switched lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2286-2294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tolstik, N. A.

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, "Q-switched Yb3+:YVO4 laser with Raman self-conversion," Appl. Phys. B 80, 471-473 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tordella, T.

T. Tordella, H. Djellout, B. Dussardier, A. Saïssy, and G. Monnom, "High repetition rate passively Q-switched Nd3+:Cr4+ all-fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 39, 1307-1308 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Troshin, A. E.

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, "Q-switched Yb3+:YVO4 laser with Raman self-conversion," Appl. Phys. B 80, 471-473 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, S. W.

Y. F. Chen and S. W. Tsai, "Simultaneous Q-switching and mode-locking in a diode-pumped Nd: YVO4-Cr4+:YAG laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 580-586 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Turner, P. W.

Unger, S.

V. N. Philippov, A. V. Kiryanov, and S. Unger, "Advanced configuration of erbium fiber passively Q-switched laser with Co2+: ZnSe crystal as saturable absorber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 57-59 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Adel, M. Auerbach, C. Fallnich, S. Unger, H.-R. Müller, and J. Kirchhof, "Passive Q-switching by Tm3+ co-doping of a Yb3+-fiber laser," Opt. Express 11, 2730-2735 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, H. J.

Wang, H. T.

Wang, Q.

X. Zhang, A. Brenier, Q. Wang, Z. Wang, J. Chang, P. Li, S. Zhang, S. Ding, and S. Li, "Passive Q-switching characteristics of Yb3+:Gd3Ga5O12 crystal," Opt. Express 13, 7708-7719 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, S. Zhao, Q. Wang, Q. Zhang, L. Sun, and S. Zhang, "Optimization of Cr4+-doped saturable absorber Q-switched lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2286-2294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Wang, Z.

Wu, H.

Xie, X.

Xu, C. Q.

Xu, J.

Yan, P.

Zenteno, L.

L. Zenteno, "High-power double-clad fiber lasers," J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1435-1446 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zenteno, L. A.

Zhang, Q.

X. Zhang, S. Zhao, Q. Wang, Q. Zhang, L. Sun, and S. Zhang, "Optimization of Cr4+-doped saturable absorber Q-switched lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2286-2294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S.

X. Zhang, A. Brenier, Q. Wang, Z. Wang, J. Chang, P. Li, S. Zhang, S. Ding, and S. Li, "Passive Q-switching characteristics of Yb3+:Gd3Ga5O12 crystal," Opt. Express 13, 7708-7719 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, S. Zhao, Q. Wang, Q. Zhang, L. Sun, and S. Zhang, "Optimization of Cr4+-doped saturable absorber Q-switched lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2286-2294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

X. Zhang, A. Brenier, Q. Wang, Z. Wang, J. Chang, P. Li, S. Zhang, S. Ding, and S. Li, "Passive Q-switching characteristics of Yb3+:Gd3Ga5O12 crystal," Opt. Express 13, 7708-7719 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, S. Zhao, Q. Wang, Q. Zhang, L. Sun, and S. Zhang, "Optimization of Cr4+-doped saturable absorber Q-switched lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2286-2294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

Zhao, S.

X. Zhang, S. Zhao, Q. Wang, Q. Zhang, L. Sun, and S. Zhang, "Optimization of Cr4+-doped saturable absorber Q-switched lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2286-2294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, "Q-switched Yb3+:YVO4 laser with Raman self-conversion," Appl. Phys. B 80, 471-473 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Opt. Lett.

Electron. Lett.

T. Tordella, H. Djellout, B. Dussardier, A. Saïssy, and G. Monnom, "High repetition rate passively Q-switched Nd3+:Cr4+ all-fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 39, 1307-1308 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

Y. F. Chen and S. W. Tsai, "Simultaneous Q-switching and mode-locking in a diode-pumped Nd: YVO4-Cr4+:YAG laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 580-586 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and H. L. Chang, "Analytical model for design criteria of passively Q-switched lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 462-468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhang, S. Zhao, Q. Wang, Q. Zhang, L. Sun, and S. Zhang, "Optimization of Cr4+-doped saturable absorber Q-switched lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2286-2294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shimony, Z, Burshtein, and Y. Kalisky, "Cr4+: YAG as passive Q-switch and Brewster plate in a pulsed Nd:YAG laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1738-1741 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

V. N. Philippov, A. V. Kiryanov, and S. Unger, "Advanced configuration of erbium fiber passively Q-switched laser with Co2+: ZnSe crystal as saturable absorber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 57-59 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Laroche, H. Gilles, S. Girard, N. Passilly, and K. Aït-Ameur, "Nanosecond pulse generation in a passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser by Cr4+: YAG saturable absorber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 764-766 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

K. Lu and N. K. Dutta, "Spectroscopic properties of Yb-doped silica glass," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 576-581 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

L. Zenteno, "High-power double-clad fiber lasers," J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1435-1446 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE Vol.

Y. Kalisky, O. Kalisky, U. Rachum, G. Boulon, and A. Brenier, "Comparative performance of passively Q-switched diode-pumped Yb:GGG, Yb:YAG and Yb-doped tungstates lasers using Cr4+-doped garnets," Proc. SPIE Vol. 6100, 61001K (2006).

Other

F. Z. Qamar and T. A. King, "Passive Q-switching of the Tm-silica fiber laser near 2 mm by Cr2+: ZnSe saturable absorber crystal," Opt. Commun. 248, 501-505 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. J. F. Digonnet, Rare-Earth-Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers, 2nd ed. (Marcel Dekker, 2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Fotiadi, A. Kurkov, and I. Razdobreev, "All-fiber passively Q-switched ytterbium laser," CLEO/Europe-EQEC 2005, Technical Digest, CJ 2-3, Munich, Germany (2005).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of a diode-pumped passively Q-switched Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser. HR, high reflection; HT, high transmission.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Dependence of the average output power on the incident pump power for the cw and passive Q-switching operations.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Pulse repetition rate and the pulse energy versus the incident pump power

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a). Oscilloscope traces of a train of Q-switched pulses, (b) Oscilloscope traces of a typical Q-switched envelope, (c) Oscilloscope traces of a mode-locked pulse inside the Q-switched envelope.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Output spectrum of the Q-switched laser at an output power of 5 W.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E = hv A 2 σ γ ln ( 1 R ) x ,
1 e x ( 1 β ) ln ( 1 T o 2 ) ln ( 1 T o 2 ) + ln ( 1 R ) + L 1 e αx α β ln ( 1 T o 2 ) + ln ( 1 R ) + L ln ( 1 T o 2 ) + ln ( 1 R ) + L x = 0 ,
α = 1 γ σ gs σ A A s , β = σ es σ gs ,

Metrics