Abstract

Easy to handle light sources with non-classical emission features are strongly demanded in the growing field of quantum communication. We report on single-photon emission from an electrically pumped quantum dot with unmatched spectral purity, making spatial or spectral filtering dispensable.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Kimura, Y. Nambu, T. Hatanaka, A. Tomita, H. Kosaka, K. Nakamura, "Single-photon interference over 150-km transmission using silica-based Integrated-Optic Interferometers for Quantum Cryptography," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L1109 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, J. A. W. van Houwelingen, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Long-distance entanglement swapping with photons from separated sources," Phys. Rev. A 71, 050302(R) (2005).
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    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Scholz, T. Aichele, S. Ramelow, and O. Benson, "Deutsch-Jozsa Algorithm using triggered single photons from a single quantum dot," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 180501 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. D. Bimberg, M. Grundmann, and N. N. Ledentsov, Quantum Dot Heterostructures (John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, 1998).
  6. P. Michler, A. Imamoğlu, M. D. Mason, P. J. Carson, G. F. Strouse, and S. K. Buratto, "Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature," Nature 406, 968 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. C. Santori, M. Pelton, G. Solomon, Y. Dale, and Y. Yamamoto, "Triggered single photons from a Quantum Dot," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1502 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics," Nature 414, 413 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. V. Zwiller, T. Aichele, W. Seifert, J. Persson, and O. Benson, "Generating visible single photons on demand with single InP quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1509 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Kim, O. Benson, H. Kan, and Y. Yamamoto, "A single-photon turnstile device," Nature 397, 500 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Z. Yuan, B. Kardynal, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, C. Lobo, K. Cooper, N. S. Beattie, D. A. Ritchie, and M. Pepper, "Electrically driven single-photon source," Science 295, 102 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Fiore, J. X. Chen, and M. Ilegems, "Scaling quantum-dot light-emitting diodes to submicrometer sizes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1756 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. Zinoni, B. Alloing, C. Paranthoen, and A. Fiore, "Three-dimensional wavelength-scale confinement in quantum dot microcavity light-emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2178 (2004)
    [CrossRef]
  14. D. J. P. Ellis, A. J. Bennett, A. J. Shields, P. Atkinson, and D. A. Ritchie, "Electrically addressing a single selfassembled quantum dot," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 133509 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  15. R. Schmidt, U. Scholz, M. Vitzethum, R. Fix, C. Metzner, P. Kailuweit, D. Reuter, A. Wieck, M. C. Hubner, S. Stufler,  et al., "Fabrication of genuine single-quantum-dot light-emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121115 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  16. C. Monat, B. Alloing, C. Zinoni, L. H. Li, and A. Fiore, "Nanostructured Current-Donfined Single Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diode at 1300 nm," Nano Lett. 6, 1464 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. A. Lochmann, E. Stock, O. Schulz, F. Hopfer, D. Bimberg, V. A. Haisler, A. I. Totopov, A. K. Bakarov, and A. K. Kalagin, "Electrically driven single quantum dot polarised single photon emitter," Electron. Lett. 42, 774 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. R. Heitz, A. Kalburge, Q. Xie, M. Grundmann, P. Chen, A. Hoffmann, A. Madhukar, and D. Bimberg, "Excited states and energy relaxation in stacked InAs/GaAs quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 57, 9050 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  22. R. M. Thompson, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, I. Farrer, C. J. Lobo, D. A. Ritchie, M. L. Leadbeater, and M. Pepper, "Single-photon emission from exciton complexes in individual quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 64, 201302 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  23. P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, "A Quantum Dot Single-Photon Turnstile Device," Science 290, 2282 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. C. Becher, A. Kiraz, P. Michler, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, "A quantum dot single-photon source," Physica E 13, 412 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  25. R. H. Brown and R. Q. Twiss, "A test of a new type of Stellar Interferometer on Sirius," Nature 178, 1046 (1956).
    [CrossRef]
  26. T. Aichele, "Detection and generation of non-classical light states from single quantum emitters," Ph.D. thesis, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin (2005).
  27. R. Seguin, A. Schliwa, S. Rodt, K. Pötschke, U.W. Pohl, and D. Bimberg, "Size-dependent fine-structure splitting in self-organized InAs/GaAs Quantum Dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257402 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. R. M. Stevenson, R. J. Young, P. Atkinson, K. Cooper, D. A. Ritchie, and A. J. Shields, "A semiconductor source of triggered entangled photon pairs," Nature 439, 179 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. N. Akopian, N. H. Lindner, E. Poem, Y. Berlatzky, J. Avron, D. Gershoni, B. D. Gerardot, P. M. Petroff, "Entangled Photon pairs from semiconductor quantum dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 130501 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

M. Scholz, T. Aichele, S. Ramelow, and O. Benson, "Deutsch-Jozsa Algorithm using triggered single photons from a single quantum dot," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 180501 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. P. Ellis, A. J. Bennett, A. J. Shields, P. Atkinson, and D. A. Ritchie, "Electrically addressing a single selfassembled quantum dot," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 133509 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Schmidt, U. Scholz, M. Vitzethum, R. Fix, C. Metzner, P. Kailuweit, D. Reuter, A. Wieck, M. C. Hubner, S. Stufler,  et al., "Fabrication of genuine single-quantum-dot light-emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, B. Alloing, C. Zinoni, L. H. Li, and A. Fiore, "Nanostructured Current-Donfined Single Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diode at 1300 nm," Nano Lett. 6, 1464 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Lochmann, E. Stock, O. Schulz, F. Hopfer, D. Bimberg, V. A. Haisler, A. I. Totopov, A. K. Bakarov, and A. K. Kalagin, "Electrically driven single quantum dot polarised single photon emitter," Electron. Lett. 42, 774 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Stevenson, R. J. Young, P. Atkinson, K. Cooper, D. A. Ritchie, and A. J. Shields, "A semiconductor source of triggered entangled photon pairs," Nature 439, 179 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Akopian, N. H. Lindner, E. Poem, Y. Berlatzky, J. Avron, D. Gershoni, B. D. Gerardot, P. M. Petroff, "Entangled Photon pairs from semiconductor quantum dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 130501 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

R. Seguin, A. Schliwa, S. Rodt, K. Pötschke, U.W. Pohl, and D. Bimberg, "Size-dependent fine-structure splitting in self-organized InAs/GaAs Quantum Dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

C. Zinoni, B. Alloing, C. Paranthoen, and A. Fiore, "Three-dimensional wavelength-scale confinement in quantum dot microcavity light-emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2178 (2004)
[CrossRef]

T. Kimura, Y. Nambu, T. Hatanaka, A. Tomita, H. Kosaka, K. Nakamura, "Single-photon interference over 150-km transmission using silica-based Integrated-Optic Interferometers for Quantum Cryptography," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L1109 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

V. Zwiller, T. Aichele, W. Seifert, J. Persson, and O. Benson, "Generating visible single photons on demand with single InP quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1509 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

Z. Yuan, B. Kardynal, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, C. Lobo, K. Cooper, N. S. Beattie, D. A. Ritchie, and M. Pepper, "Electrically driven single-photon source," Science 295, 102 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Fiore, J. X. Chen, and M. Ilegems, "Scaling quantum-dot light-emitting diodes to submicrometer sizes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1756 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Quantum Cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Haisler, F. Hopfer, R. L. Sellin, A. Lochmann, K. Fleischer, N. Esser, W. Richter, N. N. Ledentsov, D. Bimberg, C. Möller, and N. Grote, "Micro-Raman studies of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with AlxOy/GaAs distributed Bragg reflectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2544 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Becher, A. Kiraz, P. Michler, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, "A quantum dot single-photon source," Physica E 13, 412 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics," Nature 414, 413 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. M. Thompson, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, I. Farrer, C. J. Lobo, D. A. Ritchie, M. L. Leadbeater, and M. Pepper, "Single-photon emission from exciton complexes in individual quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 64, 201302 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, "A Quantum Dot Single-Photon Turnstile Device," Science 290, 2282 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Benson, C. Santori, M. Pelton, and Y. Yamamoto, "Regulated and entangled photons from a single quantum dot," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2513 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Michler, A. Imamoğlu, M. D. Mason, P. J. Carson, G. F. Strouse, and S. K. Buratto, "Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature," Nature 406, 968 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Santori, M. Pelton, G. Solomon, Y. Dale, and Y. Yamamoto, "Triggered single photons from a Quantum Dot," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1502 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

J. Kim, O. Benson, H. Kan, and Y. Yamamoto, "A single-photon turnstile device," Nature 397, 500 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

R. Heitz, A. Kalburge, Q. Xie, M. Grundmann, P. Chen, A. Hoffmann, A. Madhukar, and D. Bimberg, "Excited states and energy relaxation in stacked InAs/GaAs quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 57, 9050 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1956

R. H. Brown and R. Q. Twiss, "A test of a new type of Stellar Interferometer on Sirius," Nature 178, 1046 (1956).
[CrossRef]

Aichele, T.

M. Scholz, T. Aichele, S. Ramelow, and O. Benson, "Deutsch-Jozsa Algorithm using triggered single photons from a single quantum dot," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 180501 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Zwiller, T. Aichele, W. Seifert, J. Persson, and O. Benson, "Generating visible single photons on demand with single InP quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1509 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Akopian, N.

N. Akopian, N. H. Lindner, E. Poem, Y. Berlatzky, J. Avron, D. Gershoni, B. D. Gerardot, P. M. Petroff, "Entangled Photon pairs from semiconductor quantum dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 130501 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alloing, B.

C. Monat, B. Alloing, C. Zinoni, L. H. Li, and A. Fiore, "Nanostructured Current-Donfined Single Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diode at 1300 nm," Nano Lett. 6, 1464 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Zinoni, B. Alloing, C. Paranthoen, and A. Fiore, "Three-dimensional wavelength-scale confinement in quantum dot microcavity light-emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2178 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Atkinson, P.

D. J. P. Ellis, A. J. Bennett, A. J. Shields, P. Atkinson, and D. A. Ritchie, "Electrically addressing a single selfassembled quantum dot," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 133509 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Stevenson, R. J. Young, P. Atkinson, K. Cooper, D. A. Ritchie, and A. J. Shields, "A semiconductor source of triggered entangled photon pairs," Nature 439, 179 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Avron, J.

N. Akopian, N. H. Lindner, E. Poem, Y. Berlatzky, J. Avron, D. Gershoni, B. D. Gerardot, P. M. Petroff, "Entangled Photon pairs from semiconductor quantum dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 130501 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bakarov, A. K.

A. Lochmann, E. Stock, O. Schulz, F. Hopfer, D. Bimberg, V. A. Haisler, A. I. Totopov, A. K. Bakarov, and A. K. Kalagin, "Electrically driven single quantum dot polarised single photon emitter," Electron. Lett. 42, 774 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Beattie, N. S.

Z. Yuan, B. Kardynal, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, C. Lobo, K. Cooper, N. S. Beattie, D. A. Ritchie, and M. Pepper, "Electrically driven single-photon source," Science 295, 102 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Becher, C.

C. Becher, A. Kiraz, P. Michler, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, "A quantum dot single-photon source," Physica E 13, 412 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, "A Quantum Dot Single-Photon Turnstile Device," Science 290, 2282 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bennett, A. J.

D. J. P. Ellis, A. J. Bennett, A. J. Shields, P. Atkinson, and D. A. Ritchie, "Electrically addressing a single selfassembled quantum dot," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 133509 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Benson, O.

M. Scholz, T. Aichele, S. Ramelow, and O. Benson, "Deutsch-Jozsa Algorithm using triggered single photons from a single quantum dot," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 180501 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Zwiller, T. Aichele, W. Seifert, J. Persson, and O. Benson, "Generating visible single photons on demand with single InP quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1509 (2003).
[CrossRef]

O. Benson, C. Santori, M. Pelton, and Y. Yamamoto, "Regulated and entangled photons from a single quantum dot," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2513 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kim, O. Benson, H. Kan, and Y. Yamamoto, "A single-photon turnstile device," Nature 397, 500 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Berlatzky, Y.

N. Akopian, N. H. Lindner, E. Poem, Y. Berlatzky, J. Avron, D. Gershoni, B. D. Gerardot, P. M. Petroff, "Entangled Photon pairs from semiconductor quantum dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 130501 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bimberg, D.

A. Lochmann, E. Stock, O. Schulz, F. Hopfer, D. Bimberg, V. A. Haisler, A. I. Totopov, A. K. Bakarov, and A. K. Kalagin, "Electrically driven single quantum dot polarised single photon emitter," Electron. Lett. 42, 774 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Seguin, A. Schliwa, S. Rodt, K. Pötschke, U.W. Pohl, and D. Bimberg, "Size-dependent fine-structure splitting in self-organized InAs/GaAs Quantum Dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. A. Haisler, F. Hopfer, R. L. Sellin, A. Lochmann, K. Fleischer, N. Esser, W. Richter, N. N. Ledentsov, D. Bimberg, C. Möller, and N. Grote, "Micro-Raman studies of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with AlxOy/GaAs distributed Bragg reflectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2544 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Heitz, A. Kalburge, Q. Xie, M. Grundmann, P. Chen, A. Hoffmann, A. Madhukar, and D. Bimberg, "Excited states and energy relaxation in stacked InAs/GaAs quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 57, 9050 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Brown, R. H.

R. H. Brown and R. Q. Twiss, "A test of a new type of Stellar Interferometer on Sirius," Nature 178, 1046 (1956).
[CrossRef]

Buratto, S. K.

P. Michler, A. Imamoğlu, M. D. Mason, P. J. Carson, G. F. Strouse, and S. K. Buratto, "Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature," Nature 406, 968 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carson, P. J.

P. Michler, A. Imamoğlu, M. D. Mason, P. J. Carson, G. F. Strouse, and S. K. Buratto, "Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature," Nature 406, 968 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, J. X.

A. Fiore, J. X. Chen, and M. Ilegems, "Scaling quantum-dot light-emitting diodes to submicrometer sizes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1756 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chen, P.

R. Heitz, A. Kalburge, Q. Xie, M. Grundmann, P. Chen, A. Hoffmann, A. Madhukar, and D. Bimberg, "Excited states and energy relaxation in stacked InAs/GaAs quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 57, 9050 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cirac, J. I.

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics," Nature 414, 413 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cooper, K.

R. M. Stevenson, R. J. Young, P. Atkinson, K. Cooper, D. A. Ritchie, and A. J. Shields, "A semiconductor source of triggered entangled photon pairs," Nature 439, 179 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Yuan, B. Kardynal, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, C. Lobo, K. Cooper, N. S. Beattie, D. A. Ritchie, and M. Pepper, "Electrically driven single-photon source," Science 295, 102 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dale, Y.

C. Santori, M. Pelton, G. Solomon, Y. Dale, and Y. Yamamoto, "Triggered single photons from a Quantum Dot," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1502 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Duan, L.-M.

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics," Nature 414, 413 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ellis, D. J. P.

D. J. P. Ellis, A. J. Bennett, A. J. Shields, P. Atkinson, and D. A. Ritchie, "Electrically addressing a single selfassembled quantum dot," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 133509 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Esser, N.

V. A. Haisler, F. Hopfer, R. L. Sellin, A. Lochmann, K. Fleischer, N. Esser, W. Richter, N. N. Ledentsov, D. Bimberg, C. Möller, and N. Grote, "Micro-Raman studies of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with AlxOy/GaAs distributed Bragg reflectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2544 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Farrer, I.

R. M. Thompson, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, I. Farrer, C. J. Lobo, D. A. Ritchie, M. L. Leadbeater, and M. Pepper, "Single-photon emission from exciton complexes in individual quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 64, 201302 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fiore, A.

C. Monat, B. Alloing, C. Zinoni, L. H. Li, and A. Fiore, "Nanostructured Current-Donfined Single Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diode at 1300 nm," Nano Lett. 6, 1464 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Zinoni, B. Alloing, C. Paranthoen, and A. Fiore, "Three-dimensional wavelength-scale confinement in quantum dot microcavity light-emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2178 (2004)
[CrossRef]

A. Fiore, J. X. Chen, and M. Ilegems, "Scaling quantum-dot light-emitting diodes to submicrometer sizes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1756 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fix, R.

R. Schmidt, U. Scholz, M. Vitzethum, R. Fix, C. Metzner, P. Kailuweit, D. Reuter, A. Wieck, M. C. Hubner, S. Stufler,  et al., "Fabrication of genuine single-quantum-dot light-emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fleischer, K.

V. A. Haisler, F. Hopfer, R. L. Sellin, A. Lochmann, K. Fleischer, N. Esser, W. Richter, N. N. Ledentsov, D. Bimberg, C. Möller, and N. Grote, "Micro-Raman studies of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with AlxOy/GaAs distributed Bragg reflectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2544 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gerardot, B. D.

N. Akopian, N. H. Lindner, E. Poem, Y. Berlatzky, J. Avron, D. Gershoni, B. D. Gerardot, P. M. Petroff, "Entangled Photon pairs from semiconductor quantum dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 130501 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gershoni, D.

N. Akopian, N. H. Lindner, E. Poem, Y. Berlatzky, J. Avron, D. Gershoni, B. D. Gerardot, P. M. Petroff, "Entangled Photon pairs from semiconductor quantum dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 130501 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Quantum Cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Grote, N.

V. A. Haisler, F. Hopfer, R. L. Sellin, A. Lochmann, K. Fleischer, N. Esser, W. Richter, N. N. Ledentsov, D. Bimberg, C. Möller, and N. Grote, "Micro-Raman studies of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with AlxOy/GaAs distributed Bragg reflectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2544 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Grundmann, M.

R. Heitz, A. Kalburge, Q. Xie, M. Grundmann, P. Chen, A. Hoffmann, A. Madhukar, and D. Bimberg, "Excited states and energy relaxation in stacked InAs/GaAs quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 57, 9050 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Haisler, V. A.

A. Lochmann, E. Stock, O. Schulz, F. Hopfer, D. Bimberg, V. A. Haisler, A. I. Totopov, A. K. Bakarov, and A. K. Kalagin, "Electrically driven single quantum dot polarised single photon emitter," Electron. Lett. 42, 774 (2006).
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V. A. Haisler, F. Hopfer, R. L. Sellin, A. Lochmann, K. Fleischer, N. Esser, W. Richter, N. N. Ledentsov, D. Bimberg, C. Möller, and N. Grote, "Micro-Raman studies of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with AlxOy/GaAs distributed Bragg reflectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2544 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hatanaka, T.

T. Kimura, Y. Nambu, T. Hatanaka, A. Tomita, H. Kosaka, K. Nakamura, "Single-photon interference over 150-km transmission using silica-based Integrated-Optic Interferometers for Quantum Cryptography," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L1109 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Heitz, R.

R. Heitz, A. Kalburge, Q. Xie, M. Grundmann, P. Chen, A. Hoffmann, A. Madhukar, and D. Bimberg, "Excited states and energy relaxation in stacked InAs/GaAs quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 57, 9050 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hoffmann, A.

R. Heitz, A. Kalburge, Q. Xie, M. Grundmann, P. Chen, A. Hoffmann, A. Madhukar, and D. Bimberg, "Excited states and energy relaxation in stacked InAs/GaAs quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 57, 9050 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hopfer, F.

A. Lochmann, E. Stock, O. Schulz, F. Hopfer, D. Bimberg, V. A. Haisler, A. I. Totopov, A. K. Bakarov, and A. K. Kalagin, "Electrically driven single quantum dot polarised single photon emitter," Electron. Lett. 42, 774 (2006).
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V. A. Haisler, F. Hopfer, R. L. Sellin, A. Lochmann, K. Fleischer, N. Esser, W. Richter, N. N. Ledentsov, D. Bimberg, C. Möller, and N. Grote, "Micro-Raman studies of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with AlxOy/GaAs distributed Bragg reflectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2544 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hu, E.

C. Becher, A. Kiraz, P. Michler, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, "A quantum dot single-photon source," Physica E 13, 412 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, "A Quantum Dot Single-Photon Turnstile Device," Science 290, 2282 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hubner, M. C.

R. Schmidt, U. Scholz, M. Vitzethum, R. Fix, C. Metzner, P. Kailuweit, D. Reuter, A. Wieck, M. C. Hubner, S. Stufler,  et al., "Fabrication of genuine single-quantum-dot light-emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121115 (2006).
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A. Fiore, J. X. Chen, and M. Ilegems, "Scaling quantum-dot light-emitting diodes to submicrometer sizes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1756 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Imamoglu, A.

C. Becher, A. Kiraz, P. Michler, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, "A quantum dot single-photon source," Physica E 13, 412 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, "A Quantum Dot Single-Photon Turnstile Device," Science 290, 2282 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Michler, A. Imamoğlu, M. D. Mason, P. J. Carson, G. F. Strouse, and S. K. Buratto, "Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature," Nature 406, 968 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kailuweit, P.

R. Schmidt, U. Scholz, M. Vitzethum, R. Fix, C. Metzner, P. Kailuweit, D. Reuter, A. Wieck, M. C. Hubner, S. Stufler,  et al., "Fabrication of genuine single-quantum-dot light-emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kalagin, A. K.

A. Lochmann, E. Stock, O. Schulz, F. Hopfer, D. Bimberg, V. A. Haisler, A. I. Totopov, A. K. Bakarov, and A. K. Kalagin, "Electrically driven single quantum dot polarised single photon emitter," Electron. Lett. 42, 774 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kalburge, A.

R. Heitz, A. Kalburge, Q. Xie, M. Grundmann, P. Chen, A. Hoffmann, A. Madhukar, and D. Bimberg, "Excited states and energy relaxation in stacked InAs/GaAs quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 57, 9050 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kan, H.

J. Kim, O. Benson, H. Kan, and Y. Yamamoto, "A single-photon turnstile device," Nature 397, 500 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kardynal, B.

Z. Yuan, B. Kardynal, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, C. Lobo, K. Cooper, N. S. Beattie, D. A. Ritchie, and M. Pepper, "Electrically driven single-photon source," Science 295, 102 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

J. Kim, O. Benson, H. Kan, and Y. Yamamoto, "A single-photon turnstile device," Nature 397, 500 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, T.

T. Kimura, Y. Nambu, T. Hatanaka, A. Tomita, H. Kosaka, K. Nakamura, "Single-photon interference over 150-km transmission using silica-based Integrated-Optic Interferometers for Quantum Cryptography," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L1109 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kiraz, A.

C. Becher, A. Kiraz, P. Michler, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, "A quantum dot single-photon source," Physica E 13, 412 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, "A Quantum Dot Single-Photon Turnstile Device," Science 290, 2282 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kosaka, H.

T. Kimura, Y. Nambu, T. Hatanaka, A. Tomita, H. Kosaka, K. Nakamura, "Single-photon interference over 150-km transmission using silica-based Integrated-Optic Interferometers for Quantum Cryptography," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L1109 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Leadbeater, M. L.

R. M. Thompson, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, I. Farrer, C. J. Lobo, D. A. Ritchie, M. L. Leadbeater, and M. Pepper, "Single-photon emission from exciton complexes in individual quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 64, 201302 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ledentsov, N. N.

V. A. Haisler, F. Hopfer, R. L. Sellin, A. Lochmann, K. Fleischer, N. Esser, W. Richter, N. N. Ledentsov, D. Bimberg, C. Möller, and N. Grote, "Micro-Raman studies of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with AlxOy/GaAs distributed Bragg reflectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2544 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Li, L. H.

C. Monat, B. Alloing, C. Zinoni, L. H. Li, and A. Fiore, "Nanostructured Current-Donfined Single Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diode at 1300 nm," Nano Lett. 6, 1464 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lindner, N. H.

N. Akopian, N. H. Lindner, E. Poem, Y. Berlatzky, J. Avron, D. Gershoni, B. D. Gerardot, P. M. Petroff, "Entangled Photon pairs from semiconductor quantum dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 130501 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lobo, C.

Z. Yuan, B. Kardynal, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, C. Lobo, K. Cooper, N. S. Beattie, D. A. Ritchie, and M. Pepper, "Electrically driven single-photon source," Science 295, 102 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lobo, C. J.

R. M. Thompson, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, I. Farrer, C. J. Lobo, D. A. Ritchie, M. L. Leadbeater, and M. Pepper, "Single-photon emission from exciton complexes in individual quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 64, 201302 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lochmann, A.

A. Lochmann, E. Stock, O. Schulz, F. Hopfer, D. Bimberg, V. A. Haisler, A. I. Totopov, A. K. Bakarov, and A. K. Kalagin, "Electrically driven single quantum dot polarised single photon emitter," Electron. Lett. 42, 774 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Haisler, F. Hopfer, R. L. Sellin, A. Lochmann, K. Fleischer, N. Esser, W. Richter, N. N. Ledentsov, D. Bimberg, C. Möller, and N. Grote, "Micro-Raman studies of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with AlxOy/GaAs distributed Bragg reflectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2544 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics," Nature 414, 413 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Madhukar, A.

R. Heitz, A. Kalburge, Q. Xie, M. Grundmann, P. Chen, A. Hoffmann, A. Madhukar, and D. Bimberg, "Excited states and energy relaxation in stacked InAs/GaAs quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 57, 9050 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mason, M. D.

P. Michler, A. Imamoğlu, M. D. Mason, P. J. Carson, G. F. Strouse, and S. K. Buratto, "Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature," Nature 406, 968 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Metzner, C.

R. Schmidt, U. Scholz, M. Vitzethum, R. Fix, C. Metzner, P. Kailuweit, D. Reuter, A. Wieck, M. C. Hubner, S. Stufler,  et al., "Fabrication of genuine single-quantum-dot light-emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Michler, P.

C. Becher, A. Kiraz, P. Michler, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, "A quantum dot single-photon source," Physica E 13, 412 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, "A Quantum Dot Single-Photon Turnstile Device," Science 290, 2282 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Michler, A. Imamoğlu, M. D. Mason, P. J. Carson, G. F. Strouse, and S. K. Buratto, "Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature," Nature 406, 968 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Möller, C.

V. A. Haisler, F. Hopfer, R. L. Sellin, A. Lochmann, K. Fleischer, N. Esser, W. Richter, N. N. Ledentsov, D. Bimberg, C. Möller, and N. Grote, "Micro-Raman studies of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with AlxOy/GaAs distributed Bragg reflectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2544 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Monat, C.

C. Monat, B. Alloing, C. Zinoni, L. H. Li, and A. Fiore, "Nanostructured Current-Donfined Single Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diode at 1300 nm," Nano Lett. 6, 1464 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nakamura, K.

T. Kimura, Y. Nambu, T. Hatanaka, A. Tomita, H. Kosaka, K. Nakamura, "Single-photon interference over 150-km transmission using silica-based Integrated-Optic Interferometers for Quantum Cryptography," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L1109 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nambu, Y.

T. Kimura, Y. Nambu, T. Hatanaka, A. Tomita, H. Kosaka, K. Nakamura, "Single-photon interference over 150-km transmission using silica-based Integrated-Optic Interferometers for Quantum Cryptography," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L1109 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Paranthoen, C.

C. Zinoni, B. Alloing, C. Paranthoen, and A. Fiore, "Three-dimensional wavelength-scale confinement in quantum dot microcavity light-emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2178 (2004)
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Pelton, M.

C. Santori, M. Pelton, G. Solomon, Y. Dale, and Y. Yamamoto, "Triggered single photons from a Quantum Dot," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1502 (2000).
[CrossRef]

O. Benson, C. Santori, M. Pelton, and Y. Yamamoto, "Regulated and entangled photons from a single quantum dot," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2513 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pepper, M.

Z. Yuan, B. Kardynal, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, C. Lobo, K. Cooper, N. S. Beattie, D. A. Ritchie, and M. Pepper, "Electrically driven single-photon source," Science 295, 102 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Thompson, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, I. Farrer, C. J. Lobo, D. A. Ritchie, M. L. Leadbeater, and M. Pepper, "Single-photon emission from exciton complexes in individual quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 64, 201302 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Persson, J.

V. Zwiller, T. Aichele, W. Seifert, J. Persson, and O. Benson, "Generating visible single photons on demand with single InP quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1509 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Petroff, P. M.

N. Akopian, N. H. Lindner, E. Poem, Y. Berlatzky, J. Avron, D. Gershoni, B. D. Gerardot, P. M. Petroff, "Entangled Photon pairs from semiconductor quantum dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 130501 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Becher, A. Kiraz, P. Michler, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, "A quantum dot single-photon source," Physica E 13, 412 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, "A Quantum Dot Single-Photon Turnstile Device," Science 290, 2282 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poem, E.

N. Akopian, N. H. Lindner, E. Poem, Y. Berlatzky, J. Avron, D. Gershoni, B. D. Gerardot, P. M. Petroff, "Entangled Photon pairs from semiconductor quantum dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 130501 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pohl, U.W.

R. Seguin, A. Schliwa, S. Rodt, K. Pötschke, U.W. Pohl, and D. Bimberg, "Size-dependent fine-structure splitting in self-organized InAs/GaAs Quantum Dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pötschke, K.

R. Seguin, A. Schliwa, S. Rodt, K. Pötschke, U.W. Pohl, and D. Bimberg, "Size-dependent fine-structure splitting in self-organized InAs/GaAs Quantum Dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ramelow, S.

M. Scholz, T. Aichele, S. Ramelow, and O. Benson, "Deutsch-Jozsa Algorithm using triggered single photons from a single quantum dot," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 180501 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reuter, D.

R. Schmidt, U. Scholz, M. Vitzethum, R. Fix, C. Metzner, P. Kailuweit, D. Reuter, A. Wieck, M. C. Hubner, S. Stufler,  et al., "Fabrication of genuine single-quantum-dot light-emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ribordy, G.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Quantum Cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Richter, W.

V. A. Haisler, F. Hopfer, R. L. Sellin, A. Lochmann, K. Fleischer, N. Esser, W. Richter, N. N. Ledentsov, D. Bimberg, C. Möller, and N. Grote, "Micro-Raman studies of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with AlxOy/GaAs distributed Bragg reflectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2544 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ritchie, D. A.

D. J. P. Ellis, A. J. Bennett, A. J. Shields, P. Atkinson, and D. A. Ritchie, "Electrically addressing a single selfassembled quantum dot," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 133509 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Stevenson, R. J. Young, P. Atkinson, K. Cooper, D. A. Ritchie, and A. J. Shields, "A semiconductor source of triggered entangled photon pairs," Nature 439, 179 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Yuan, B. Kardynal, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, C. Lobo, K. Cooper, N. S. Beattie, D. A. Ritchie, and M. Pepper, "Electrically driven single-photon source," Science 295, 102 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Thompson, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, I. Farrer, C. J. Lobo, D. A. Ritchie, M. L. Leadbeater, and M. Pepper, "Single-photon emission from exciton complexes in individual quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 64, 201302 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rodt, S.

R. Seguin, A. Schliwa, S. Rodt, K. Pötschke, U.W. Pohl, and D. Bimberg, "Size-dependent fine-structure splitting in self-organized InAs/GaAs Quantum Dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Santori, C.

O. Benson, C. Santori, M. Pelton, and Y. Yamamoto, "Regulated and entangled photons from a single quantum dot," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2513 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Santori, M. Pelton, G. Solomon, Y. Dale, and Y. Yamamoto, "Triggered single photons from a Quantum Dot," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1502 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schliwa, A.

R. Seguin, A. Schliwa, S. Rodt, K. Pötschke, U.W. Pohl, and D. Bimberg, "Size-dependent fine-structure splitting in self-organized InAs/GaAs Quantum Dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmidt, R.

R. Schmidt, U. Scholz, M. Vitzethum, R. Fix, C. Metzner, P. Kailuweit, D. Reuter, A. Wieck, M. C. Hubner, S. Stufler,  et al., "Fabrication of genuine single-quantum-dot light-emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schoenfeld, W. V.

C. Becher, A. Kiraz, P. Michler, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, "A quantum dot single-photon source," Physica E 13, 412 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, "A Quantum Dot Single-Photon Turnstile Device," Science 290, 2282 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scholz, M.

M. Scholz, T. Aichele, S. Ramelow, and O. Benson, "Deutsch-Jozsa Algorithm using triggered single photons from a single quantum dot," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 180501 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scholz, U.

R. Schmidt, U. Scholz, M. Vitzethum, R. Fix, C. Metzner, P. Kailuweit, D. Reuter, A. Wieck, M. C. Hubner, S. Stufler,  et al., "Fabrication of genuine single-quantum-dot light-emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schulz, O.

A. Lochmann, E. Stock, O. Schulz, F. Hopfer, D. Bimberg, V. A. Haisler, A. I. Totopov, A. K. Bakarov, and A. K. Kalagin, "Electrically driven single quantum dot polarised single photon emitter," Electron. Lett. 42, 774 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Seguin, R.

R. Seguin, A. Schliwa, S. Rodt, K. Pötschke, U.W. Pohl, and D. Bimberg, "Size-dependent fine-structure splitting in self-organized InAs/GaAs Quantum Dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seifert, W.

V. Zwiller, T. Aichele, W. Seifert, J. Persson, and O. Benson, "Generating visible single photons on demand with single InP quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1509 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sellin, R. L.

V. A. Haisler, F. Hopfer, R. L. Sellin, A. Lochmann, K. Fleischer, N. Esser, W. Richter, N. N. Ledentsov, D. Bimberg, C. Möller, and N. Grote, "Micro-Raman studies of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with AlxOy/GaAs distributed Bragg reflectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2544 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shields, A. J.

D. J. P. Ellis, A. J. Bennett, A. J. Shields, P. Atkinson, and D. A. Ritchie, "Electrically addressing a single selfassembled quantum dot," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 133509 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Stevenson, R. J. Young, P. Atkinson, K. Cooper, D. A. Ritchie, and A. J. Shields, "A semiconductor source of triggered entangled photon pairs," Nature 439, 179 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Yuan, B. Kardynal, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, C. Lobo, K. Cooper, N. S. Beattie, D. A. Ritchie, and M. Pepper, "Electrically driven single-photon source," Science 295, 102 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Thompson, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, I. Farrer, C. J. Lobo, D. A. Ritchie, M. L. Leadbeater, and M. Pepper, "Single-photon emission from exciton complexes in individual quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 64, 201302 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Solomon, G.

C. Santori, M. Pelton, G. Solomon, Y. Dale, and Y. Yamamoto, "Triggered single photons from a Quantum Dot," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1502 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Stevenson, R. M.

R. M. Stevenson, R. J. Young, P. Atkinson, K. Cooper, D. A. Ritchie, and A. J. Shields, "A semiconductor source of triggered entangled photon pairs," Nature 439, 179 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Yuan, B. Kardynal, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, C. Lobo, K. Cooper, N. S. Beattie, D. A. Ritchie, and M. Pepper, "Electrically driven single-photon source," Science 295, 102 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Thompson, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, I. Farrer, C. J. Lobo, D. A. Ritchie, M. L. Leadbeater, and M. Pepper, "Single-photon emission from exciton complexes in individual quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 64, 201302 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Stock, E.

A. Lochmann, E. Stock, O. Schulz, F. Hopfer, D. Bimberg, V. A. Haisler, A. I. Totopov, A. K. Bakarov, and A. K. Kalagin, "Electrically driven single quantum dot polarised single photon emitter," Electron. Lett. 42, 774 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Strouse, G. F.

P. Michler, A. Imamoğlu, M. D. Mason, P. J. Carson, G. F. Strouse, and S. K. Buratto, "Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature," Nature 406, 968 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stufler, S.

R. Schmidt, U. Scholz, M. Vitzethum, R. Fix, C. Metzner, P. Kailuweit, D. Reuter, A. Wieck, M. C. Hubner, S. Stufler,  et al., "Fabrication of genuine single-quantum-dot light-emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, R. M.

R. M. Thompson, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, I. Farrer, C. J. Lobo, D. A. Ritchie, M. L. Leadbeater, and M. Pepper, "Single-photon emission from exciton complexes in individual quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 64, 201302 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tittel, W.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Quantum Cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tomita, A.

T. Kimura, Y. Nambu, T. Hatanaka, A. Tomita, H. Kosaka, K. Nakamura, "Single-photon interference over 150-km transmission using silica-based Integrated-Optic Interferometers for Quantum Cryptography," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L1109 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Totopov, A. I.

A. Lochmann, E. Stock, O. Schulz, F. Hopfer, D. Bimberg, V. A. Haisler, A. I. Totopov, A. K. Bakarov, and A. K. Kalagin, "Electrically driven single quantum dot polarised single photon emitter," Electron. Lett. 42, 774 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Twiss, R. Q.

R. H. Brown and R. Q. Twiss, "A test of a new type of Stellar Interferometer on Sirius," Nature 178, 1046 (1956).
[CrossRef]

Vitzethum, M.

R. Schmidt, U. Scholz, M. Vitzethum, R. Fix, C. Metzner, P. Kailuweit, D. Reuter, A. Wieck, M. C. Hubner, S. Stufler,  et al., "Fabrication of genuine single-quantum-dot light-emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wieck, A.

R. Schmidt, U. Scholz, M. Vitzethum, R. Fix, C. Metzner, P. Kailuweit, D. Reuter, A. Wieck, M. C. Hubner, S. Stufler,  et al., "Fabrication of genuine single-quantum-dot light-emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xie, Q.

R. Heitz, A. Kalburge, Q. Xie, M. Grundmann, P. Chen, A. Hoffmann, A. Madhukar, and D. Bimberg, "Excited states and energy relaxation in stacked InAs/GaAs quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 57, 9050 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, Y.

O. Benson, C. Santori, M. Pelton, and Y. Yamamoto, "Regulated and entangled photons from a single quantum dot," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2513 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Santori, M. Pelton, G. Solomon, Y. Dale, and Y. Yamamoto, "Triggered single photons from a Quantum Dot," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1502 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Kim, O. Benson, H. Kan, and Y. Yamamoto, "A single-photon turnstile device," Nature 397, 500 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Young, R. J.

R. M. Stevenson, R. J. Young, P. Atkinson, K. Cooper, D. A. Ritchie, and A. J. Shields, "A semiconductor source of triggered entangled photon pairs," Nature 439, 179 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yuan, Z.

Z. Yuan, B. Kardynal, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, C. Lobo, K. Cooper, N. S. Beattie, D. A. Ritchie, and M. Pepper, "Electrically driven single-photon source," Science 295, 102 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zbinden, H.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Quantum Cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

C. Becher, A. Kiraz, P. Michler, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, "A quantum dot single-photon source," Physica E 13, 412 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, "A Quantum Dot Single-Photon Turnstile Device," Science 290, 2282 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zinoni, C.

C. Monat, B. Alloing, C. Zinoni, L. H. Li, and A. Fiore, "Nanostructured Current-Donfined Single Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diode at 1300 nm," Nano Lett. 6, 1464 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Zinoni, B. Alloing, C. Paranthoen, and A. Fiore, "Three-dimensional wavelength-scale confinement in quantum dot microcavity light-emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2178 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Zoller, P.

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics," Nature 414, 413 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zwiller, V.

V. Zwiller, T. Aichele, W. Seifert, J. Persson, and O. Benson, "Generating visible single photons on demand with single InP quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1509 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

A. Fiore, J. X. Chen, and M. Ilegems, "Scaling quantum-dot light-emitting diodes to submicrometer sizes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1756 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Zinoni, B. Alloing, C. Paranthoen, and A. Fiore, "Three-dimensional wavelength-scale confinement in quantum dot microcavity light-emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2178 (2004)
[CrossRef]

D. J. P. Ellis, A. J. Bennett, A. J. Shields, P. Atkinson, and D. A. Ritchie, "Electrically addressing a single selfassembled quantum dot," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 133509 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Schmidt, U. Scholz, M. Vitzethum, R. Fix, C. Metzner, P. Kailuweit, D. Reuter, A. Wieck, M. C. Hubner, S. Stufler,  et al., "Fabrication of genuine single-quantum-dot light-emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Zwiller, T. Aichele, W. Seifert, J. Persson, and O. Benson, "Generating visible single photons on demand with single InP quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1509 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Haisler, F. Hopfer, R. L. Sellin, A. Lochmann, K. Fleischer, N. Esser, W. Richter, N. N. Ledentsov, D. Bimberg, C. Möller, and N. Grote, "Micro-Raman studies of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with AlxOy/GaAs distributed Bragg reflectors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2544 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

A. Lochmann, E. Stock, O. Schulz, F. Hopfer, D. Bimberg, V. A. Haisler, A. I. Totopov, A. K. Bakarov, and A. K. Kalagin, "Electrically driven single quantum dot polarised single photon emitter," Electron. Lett. 42, 774 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

T. Kimura, Y. Nambu, T. Hatanaka, A. Tomita, H. Kosaka, K. Nakamura, "Single-photon interference over 150-km transmission using silica-based Integrated-Optic Interferometers for Quantum Cryptography," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L1109 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

C. Monat, B. Alloing, C. Zinoni, L. H. Li, and A. Fiore, "Nanostructured Current-Donfined Single Quantum Dot Light-Emitting Diode at 1300 nm," Nano Lett. 6, 1464 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature

J. Kim, O. Benson, H. Kan, and Y. Yamamoto, "A single-photon turnstile device," Nature 397, 500 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Michler, A. Imamoğlu, M. D. Mason, P. J. Carson, G. F. Strouse, and S. K. Buratto, "Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature," Nature 406, 968 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics," Nature 414, 413 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. H. Brown and R. Q. Twiss, "A test of a new type of Stellar Interferometer on Sirius," Nature 178, 1046 (1956).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Stevenson, R. J. Young, P. Atkinson, K. Cooper, D. A. Ritchie, and A. J. Shields, "A semiconductor source of triggered entangled photon pairs," Nature 439, 179 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B

R. Heitz, A. Kalburge, Q. Xie, M. Grundmann, P. Chen, A. Hoffmann, A. Madhukar, and D. Bimberg, "Excited states and energy relaxation in stacked InAs/GaAs quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 57, 9050 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Thompson, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, I. Farrer, C. J. Lobo, D. A. Ritchie, M. L. Leadbeater, and M. Pepper, "Single-photon emission from exciton complexes in individual quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 64, 201302 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

O. Benson, C. Santori, M. Pelton, and Y. Yamamoto, "Regulated and entangled photons from a single quantum dot," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2513 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Seguin, A. Schliwa, S. Rodt, K. Pötschke, U.W. Pohl, and D. Bimberg, "Size-dependent fine-structure splitting in self-organized InAs/GaAs Quantum Dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Akopian, N. H. Lindner, E. Poem, Y. Berlatzky, J. Avron, D. Gershoni, B. D. Gerardot, P. M. Petroff, "Entangled Photon pairs from semiconductor quantum dots," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 130501 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Santori, M. Pelton, G. Solomon, Y. Dale, and Y. Yamamoto, "Triggered single photons from a Quantum Dot," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1502 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Scholz, T. Aichele, S. Ramelow, and O. Benson, "Deutsch-Jozsa Algorithm using triggered single photons from a single quantum dot," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 180501 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Physica E

C. Becher, A. Kiraz, P. Michler, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, "A quantum dot single-photon source," Physica E 13, 412 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Quantum Cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Science

Z. Yuan, B. Kardynal, R. M. Stevenson, A. J. Shields, C. Lobo, K. Cooper, N. S. Beattie, D. A. Ritchie, and M. Pepper, "Electrically driven single-photon source," Science 295, 102 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. V. Schoenfeld, P. M. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imamoğlu, "A Quantum Dot Single-Photon Turnstile Device," Science 290, 2282 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

T. Aichele, "Detection and generation of non-classical light states from single quantum emitters," Ph.D. thesis, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin (2005).

P. Michler, Single Quantum Dots (Springer Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, 2003).

D. Bimberg, M. Grundmann, and N. N. Ledentsov, Quantum Dot Heterostructures (John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, 1998).

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, J. A. W. van Houwelingen, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Long-distance entanglement swapping with photons from separated sources," Phys. Rev. A 71, 050302(R) (2005).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic cross section of the device structure.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Electroluminscence spectrum at a current of 870 pA and 1.65 V bias voltage (b) Micro-photoluminescence with a laser spot size of 2 µm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Electroluminescence spectra at different current injection. For clarity an offset is added to each spectrum.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Autocorrelation measurement under continuous wave current injection (0.9 nA, 1.65 V) at 10 K. No spectral filtering was used to isolate a single transition in a single quantum dot. The dashed line shows a fit function as described in the text.

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