Abstract

A sinusoidal silver grating is used to create a six-fold enhancement of the SPR response compared to a flat surface. The grating parameters are chosen to create a surface plasmon bandgap and it is shown that the enhancement of the sensitivity to bulk sample index occurs when operating near the bandgap. The Kretschmann configuration is considered and the Boundary Element Method is used to generate the dispersion curves.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. D. Boardman, Electromagnetic Surface Modes (Wiley-Interscience, Toronto1982).
  2. J. Backlund, J. Bengtsson, C. F. Carlstrom, and A. Larsson, “Multifunctional grating couplers for bidirectional incoupling into planar waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 314–316 (2000).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  6. U. Schroter and D. Heitmann, “Grating couplers for surface plasmons excited on thin metal films in the Kretschmann-Raether configuration,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 4992–4999 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  7. M. Masale, “The theory of attenuated total reflection by surface polaritons on one-sided corrugated thin films,” Physica B 325, 385–393 (2003).
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  9. W. L. Barnes, T. W. Preist, S. C. Kitson, and J. R. Sambles, “Physical origin of photonic energy gaps in the propagation of surface plasmons on gratings,” Phys. Rev. B 54, 6227–6244 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  10. S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvan, “Waveguiding in surface plasmon polariton band gap structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3008–3011 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, K. Leosson, and A. Boltasseva, “Bend loss in surface plasmon polariton band-gap structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1076–1078 (2001).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. D. Heitmann, N. Kroo, C. Schulz, and Z. Szentirmay, “Dispersion anomalies of surface plasmons on corrugated metal-insulator interfaces,” Phys. Rev B 35, 2660–2666 (1987).
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  14. W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
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  15. H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1762–1764 (2002).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  20. A. G. Brolo, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Surface plasmon sensor based on the enhanced light transmission through arrays of nanoholes in gold films,” Langmuir 20, 4813–4815 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  21. S. G. Nelson, K. S. Johnston, and S. S. Yee, “High sensitivity surface plasmon resonance sensor based on phase detection,” Sens. Actuators, B B35, 187–191 (1996).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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  24. J. D. Swalen, J. G. Gordon, M. R. Philpott, A. Brillante, I. Pockrand, and R. Santo, “Plasmon surface polariton dispersion by direct optical observation,” Am. J. Phys. 48, 669–672 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  25. S. C. Kitson, W. L. Barnes, G. W. Bradberry, and J. R. Sambles, “Surface profile dependence of surface plasmon band gaps on metallic gratings,” J. Appl. Phys. 79, 7383–7385 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  26. Jiri Homola, Ivo Koudela, and Sinclair S. Yee, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors based on diffraction gratings and prism couplers: sensitivity comparison,” Sens. Actuators, B 54, 16–24 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  27. Jiri Homola, Sinclair S. Yee, and Gunter Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sens. Actuators, B 54, 3–15 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  28. K. Johansen, R. Stalberg, I. Lundstrom, and B. Liedberg, “Surface plasmon resonance: instrumental resolution using photodiode arrays,” Meas. Sci. Tech. 11, 1630–1638 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  29. A. A. Kolomenskii, P. D. Gershon, and H. A. Schuessler, “Sensitivity and detection limit of concentration and adsorption measurements by laser-induced surface-plasmon resonance,” Appl. Opt. 36, 6539–6547 (1997).
    [Crossref]

2006 (1)

2004 (2)

A. G. Brolo, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Surface plasmon sensor based on the enhanced light transmission through arrays of nanoholes in gold films,” Langmuir 20, 4813–4815 (2004).
[Crossref]

K. Kintaka, J. Nishii, J. Ohmori, Y. Imaoka, M. Nishihara, S. Ura, R. Satoh, and H. Nishihara, “Integrated waveguide gratings for wavelength-demultiplexing of free space waves from guided waves,” Opt. Express 12, 3072–3078 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

M. Masale, “The theory of attenuated total reflection by surface polaritons on one-sided corrugated thin films,” Physica B 325, 385–393 (2003).
[Crossref]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1762–1764 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (3)

M. D. Malinsky, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Chain length dependence and sensing capabilities of the localized surface plasmon resonance of silver nanoparticles chemically modified with alkanethiol self-assembled monolayers,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123, 1471–1482 (2001).
[Crossref]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvan, “Waveguiding in surface plasmon polariton band gap structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3008–3011 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, K. Leosson, and A. Boltasseva, “Bend loss in surface plasmon polariton band-gap structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1076–1078 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (3)

J. Backlund, J. Bengtsson, C. F. Carlstrom, and A. Larsson, “Multifunctional grating couplers for bidirectional incoupling into planar waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 314–316 (2000).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhaoming and T. G. Brown, “Nonperturbative analysis of cross coupling in corrugated metal films,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 1798–1806 (2000).
[Crossref]

K. Johansen, R. Stalberg, I. Lundstrom, and B. Liedberg, “Surface plasmon resonance: instrumental resolution using photodiode arrays,” Meas. Sci. Tech. 11, 1630–1638 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (4)

P. I. Nikitin, A. A. Beloglazov, V. E. Korchergin, M. V. Valeiko, and T. I. Ksenevich, “Surface plasmon resonance interferometry for biological and chemical sensing,” Sens. Actuators, B 54, 43–50 (1999).
[Crossref]

Jiri Homola, Ivo Koudela, and Sinclair S. Yee, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors based on diffraction gratings and prism couplers: sensitivity comparison,” Sens. Actuators, B 54, 16–24 (1999).
[Crossref]

Jiri Homola, Sinclair S. Yee, and Gunter Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sens. Actuators, B 54, 3–15 (1999).
[Crossref]

U. Schroter and D. Heitmann, “Grating couplers for surface plasmons excited on thin metal films in the Kretschmann-Raether configuration,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 4992–4999 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

1996 (4)

S. C. Kitson, W. L. Barnes, G. W. Bradberry, and J. R. Sambles, “Surface profile dependence of surface plasmon band gaps on metallic gratings,” J. Appl. Phys. 79, 7383–7385 (1996).
[Crossref]

S. C. Kitson, W. L. Barnes, and J. R. Sambles, “Full photonic band gap for surface modes in the visible,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2670–2673 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. L. Barnes, T. W. Preist, S. C. Kitson, and J. R. Sambles, “Physical origin of photonic energy gaps in the propagation of surface plasmons on gratings,” Phys. Rev. B 54, 6227–6244 (1996).
[Crossref]

S. G. Nelson, K. S. Johnston, and S. S. Yee, “High sensitivity surface plasmon resonance sensor based on phase detection,” Sens. Actuators, B B35, 187–191 (1996).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

M. J. Jory, P. S. Vukusic, and J. R. Sambles, “Development of a prototype gas sensor using surface plasmon resonance on gratings,” Sens. Actuators, B B17, 203–209 (1994).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

D. Heitmann, N. Kroo, C. Schulz, and Z. Szentirmay, “Dispersion anomalies of surface plasmons on corrugated metal-insulator interfaces,” Phys. Rev B 35, 2660–2666 (1987).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

J. D. Swalen, J. G. Gordon, M. R. Philpott, A. Brillante, I. Pockrand, and R. Santo, “Plasmon surface polariton dispersion by direct optical observation,” Am. J. Phys. 48, 669–672 (1980).
[Crossref]

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

Alleyne, C. J.

C. J. Alleyne, A. G. Kirk, R. C McPhedran, N.-A. Nicorovici, and D. Maystre, “Enhanced sensitivity for SPR biosensors using periodic structures” presented at the 19th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS ′06), Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 29 Oct. 2006.

Aussenegg, F. R.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1762–1764 (2002).
[Crossref]

Backlund, J.

J. Backlund, J. Bengtsson, C. F. Carlstrom, and A. Larsson, “Multifunctional grating couplers for bidirectional incoupling into planar waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 314–316 (2000).
[Crossref]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. L. Barnes, T. W. Preist, S. C. Kitson, and J. R. Sambles, “Physical origin of photonic energy gaps in the propagation of surface plasmons on gratings,” Phys. Rev. B 54, 6227–6244 (1996).
[Crossref]

S. C. Kitson, W. L. Barnes, and J. R. Sambles, “Full photonic band gap for surface modes in the visible,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2670–2673 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. C. Kitson, W. L. Barnes, G. W. Bradberry, and J. R. Sambles, “Surface profile dependence of surface plasmon band gaps on metallic gratings,” J. Appl. Phys. 79, 7383–7385 (1996).
[Crossref]

Beloglazov, A. A.

P. I. Nikitin, A. A. Beloglazov, V. E. Korchergin, M. V. Valeiko, and T. I. Ksenevich, “Surface plasmon resonance interferometry for biological and chemical sensing,” Sens. Actuators, B 54, 43–50 (1999).
[Crossref]

Bengtsson, J.

J. Backlund, J. Bengtsson, C. F. Carlstrom, and A. Larsson, “Multifunctional grating couplers for bidirectional incoupling into planar waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 314–316 (2000).
[Crossref]

Boardman, A. D.

A. D. Boardman, Electromagnetic Surface Modes (Wiley-Interscience, Toronto1982).

Boltasseva, A.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, K. Leosson, and A. Boltasseva, “Bend loss in surface plasmon polariton band-gap structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1076–1078 (2001).
[Crossref]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, K. Leosson, and A. Boltasseva, “Bend loss in surface plasmon polariton band-gap structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1076–1078 (2001).
[Crossref]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvan, “Waveguiding in surface plasmon polariton band gap structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3008–3011 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bradberry, G. W.

S. C. Kitson, W. L. Barnes, G. W. Bradberry, and J. R. Sambles, “Surface profile dependence of surface plasmon band gaps on metallic gratings,” J. Appl. Phys. 79, 7383–7385 (1996).
[Crossref]

Brillante, A.

J. D. Swalen, J. G. Gordon, M. R. Philpott, A. Brillante, I. Pockrand, and R. Santo, “Plasmon surface polariton dispersion by direct optical observation,” Am. J. Phys. 48, 669–672 (1980).
[Crossref]

Brolo, A. G.

A. G. Brolo, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Surface plasmon sensor based on the enhanced light transmission through arrays of nanoholes in gold films,” Langmuir 20, 4813–4815 (2004).
[Crossref]

Brown, T. G.

Carlstrom, C. F.

J. Backlund, J. Bengtsson, C. F. Carlstrom, and A. Larsson, “Multifunctional grating couplers for bidirectional incoupling into planar waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 314–316 (2000).
[Crossref]

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

Dereux, A.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ditlbacher, H.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1762–1764 (2002).
[Crossref]

Duyne, R. P. Van

M. D. Malinsky, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Chain length dependence and sensing capabilities of the localized surface plasmon resonance of silver nanoparticles chemically modified with alkanethiol self-assembled monolayers,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123, 1471–1482 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ebbesen, T. W.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Erland, J.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvan, “Waveguiding in surface plasmon polariton band gap structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3008–3011 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gauglitz, Gunter

Jiri Homola, Sinclair S. Yee, and Gunter Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sens. Actuators, B 54, 3–15 (1999).
[Crossref]

Gershon, P. D.

Gordon, J. G.

J. D. Swalen, J. G. Gordon, M. R. Philpott, A. Brillante, I. Pockrand, and R. Santo, “Plasmon surface polariton dispersion by direct optical observation,” Am. J. Phys. 48, 669–672 (1980).
[Crossref]

Gordon, R.

A. G. Brolo, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Surface plasmon sensor based on the enhanced light transmission through arrays of nanoholes in gold films,” Langmuir 20, 4813–4815 (2004).
[Crossref]

Heitmann, D.

U. Schroter and D. Heitmann, “Grating couplers for surface plasmons excited on thin metal films in the Kretschmann-Raether configuration,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 4992–4999 (1999).
[Crossref]

D. Heitmann, N. Kroo, C. Schulz, and Z. Szentirmay, “Dispersion anomalies of surface plasmons on corrugated metal-insulator interfaces,” Phys. Rev B 35, 2660–2666 (1987).
[Crossref]

Homola, Jiri

Jiri Homola, Ivo Koudela, and Sinclair S. Yee, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors based on diffraction gratings and prism couplers: sensitivity comparison,” Sens. Actuators, B 54, 16–24 (1999).
[Crossref]

Jiri Homola, Sinclair S. Yee, and Gunter Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sens. Actuators, B 54, 3–15 (1999).
[Crossref]

Hvan, J. M.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvan, “Waveguiding in surface plasmon polariton band gap structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3008–3011 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Imaoka, Y.

Johansen, K.

K. Johansen, R. Stalberg, I. Lundstrom, and B. Liedberg, “Surface plasmon resonance: instrumental resolution using photodiode arrays,” Meas. Sci. Tech. 11, 1630–1638 (2000).
[Crossref]

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

Johnston, K. S.

S. G. Nelson, K. S. Johnston, and S. S. Yee, “High sensitivity surface plasmon resonance sensor based on phase detection,” Sens. Actuators, B B35, 187–191 (1996).
[Crossref]

Jory, M. J.

M. J. Jory, P. S. Vukusic, and J. R. Sambles, “Development of a prototype gas sensor using surface plasmon resonance on gratings,” Sens. Actuators, B B17, 203–209 (1994).
[Crossref]

Kavanagh, K. L.

A. G. Brolo, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Surface plasmon sensor based on the enhanced light transmission through arrays of nanoholes in gold films,” Langmuir 20, 4813–4815 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kelly, K. L.

M. D. Malinsky, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Chain length dependence and sensing capabilities of the localized surface plasmon resonance of silver nanoparticles chemically modified with alkanethiol self-assembled monolayers,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123, 1471–1482 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kim, Sung June

Kintaka, K.

Kirk, A. G.

C. J. Alleyne, A. G. Kirk, R. C McPhedran, N.-A. Nicorovici, and D. Maystre, “Enhanced sensitivity for SPR biosensors using periodic structures” presented at the 19th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS ′06), Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 29 Oct. 2006.

Kitson, S. C.

S. C. Kitson, W. L. Barnes, G. W. Bradberry, and J. R. Sambles, “Surface profile dependence of surface plasmon band gaps on metallic gratings,” J. Appl. Phys. 79, 7383–7385 (1996).
[Crossref]

S. C. Kitson, W. L. Barnes, and J. R. Sambles, “Full photonic band gap for surface modes in the visible,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2670–2673 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. L. Barnes, T. W. Preist, S. C. Kitson, and J. R. Sambles, “Physical origin of photonic energy gaps in the propagation of surface plasmons on gratings,” Phys. Rev. B 54, 6227–6244 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kolomenskii, A. A.

Korchergin, V. E.

P. I. Nikitin, A. A. Beloglazov, V. E. Korchergin, M. V. Valeiko, and T. I. Ksenevich, “Surface plasmon resonance interferometry for biological and chemical sensing,” Sens. Actuators, B 54, 43–50 (1999).
[Crossref]

Koudela, Ivo

Jiri Homola, Ivo Koudela, and Sinclair S. Yee, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors based on diffraction gratings and prism couplers: sensitivity comparison,” Sens. Actuators, B 54, 16–24 (1999).
[Crossref]

Krenn, J. R.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1762–1764 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kroo, N.

D. Heitmann, N. Kroo, C. Schulz, and Z. Szentirmay, “Dispersion anomalies of surface plasmons on corrugated metal-insulator interfaces,” Phys. Rev B 35, 2660–2666 (1987).
[Crossref]

Ksenevich, T. I.

P. I. Nikitin, A. A. Beloglazov, V. E. Korchergin, M. V. Valeiko, and T. I. Ksenevich, “Surface plasmon resonance interferometry for biological and chemical sensing,” Sens. Actuators, B 54, 43–50 (1999).
[Crossref]

Larsson, A.

J. Backlund, J. Bengtsson, C. F. Carlstrom, and A. Larsson, “Multifunctional grating couplers for bidirectional incoupling into planar waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 314–316 (2000).
[Crossref]

Leathem, B.

A. G. Brolo, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Surface plasmon sensor based on the enhanced light transmission through arrays of nanoholes in gold films,” Langmuir 20, 4813–4815 (2004).
[Crossref]

Leitner, A.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1762–1764 (2002).
[Crossref]

Leosson, K.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvan, “Waveguiding in surface plasmon polariton band gap structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3008–3011 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, K. Leosson, and A. Boltasseva, “Bend loss in surface plasmon polariton band-gap structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1076–1078 (2001).
[Crossref]

Liedberg, B.

K. Johansen, R. Stalberg, I. Lundstrom, and B. Liedberg, “Surface plasmon resonance: instrumental resolution using photodiode arrays,” Meas. Sci. Tech. 11, 1630–1638 (2000).
[Crossref]

Lundstrom, I.

K. Johansen, R. Stalberg, I. Lundstrom, and B. Liedberg, “Surface plasmon resonance: instrumental resolution using photodiode arrays,” Meas. Sci. Tech. 11, 1630–1638 (2000).
[Crossref]

Malinsky, M. D.

M. D. Malinsky, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Chain length dependence and sensing capabilities of the localized surface plasmon resonance of silver nanoparticles chemically modified with alkanethiol self-assembled monolayers,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123, 1471–1482 (2001).
[Crossref]

Masale, M.

M. Masale, “The theory of attenuated total reflection by surface polaritons on one-sided corrugated thin films,” Physica B 325, 385–393 (2003).
[Crossref]

Maystre, D.

D. Maystre, “Rigorous vector theories of diffraction gratings” in Progress in Optics. (North-Holland, 1984) Vol. 21.

C. J. Alleyne, A. G. Kirk, R. C McPhedran, N.-A. Nicorovici, and D. Maystre, “Enhanced sensitivity for SPR biosensors using periodic structures” presented at the 19th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS ′06), Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 29 Oct. 2006.

McPhedran, R. C

C. J. Alleyne, A. G. Kirk, R. C McPhedran, N.-A. Nicorovici, and D. Maystre, “Enhanced sensitivity for SPR biosensors using periodic structures” presented at the 19th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS ′06), Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 29 Oct. 2006.

Nelson, S. G.

S. G. Nelson, K. S. Johnston, and S. S. Yee, “High sensitivity surface plasmon resonance sensor based on phase detection,” Sens. Actuators, B B35, 187–191 (1996).
[Crossref]

Nicorovici, N.-A.

C. J. Alleyne, A. G. Kirk, R. C McPhedran, N.-A. Nicorovici, and D. Maystre, “Enhanced sensitivity for SPR biosensors using periodic structures” presented at the 19th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS ′06), Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 29 Oct. 2006.

Nikitin, P. I.

P. I. Nikitin, A. A. Beloglazov, V. E. Korchergin, M. V. Valeiko, and T. I. Ksenevich, “Surface plasmon resonance interferometry for biological and chemical sensing,” Sens. Actuators, B 54, 43–50 (1999).
[Crossref]

Nishihara, H.

Nishihara, M.

Nishii, J.

Ohmori, J.

Philpott, M. R.

J. D. Swalen, J. G. Gordon, M. R. Philpott, A. Brillante, I. Pockrand, and R. Santo, “Plasmon surface polariton dispersion by direct optical observation,” Am. J. Phys. 48, 669–672 (1980).
[Crossref]

Pockrand, I.

J. D. Swalen, J. G. Gordon, M. R. Philpott, A. Brillante, I. Pockrand, and R. Santo, “Plasmon surface polariton dispersion by direct optical observation,” Am. J. Phys. 48, 669–672 (1980).
[Crossref]

Preist, T. W.

W. L. Barnes, T. W. Preist, S. C. Kitson, and J. R. Sambles, “Physical origin of photonic energy gaps in the propagation of surface plasmons on gratings,” Phys. Rev. B 54, 6227–6244 (1996).
[Crossref]

Raether, H

H Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, New York1983).

Sambles, J. R.

W. L. Barnes, T. W. Preist, S. C. Kitson, and J. R. Sambles, “Physical origin of photonic energy gaps in the propagation of surface plasmons on gratings,” Phys. Rev. B 54, 6227–6244 (1996).
[Crossref]

S. C. Kitson, W. L. Barnes, and J. R. Sambles, “Full photonic band gap for surface modes in the visible,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2670–2673 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. C. Kitson, W. L. Barnes, G. W. Bradberry, and J. R. Sambles, “Surface profile dependence of surface plasmon band gaps on metallic gratings,” J. Appl. Phys. 79, 7383–7385 (1996).
[Crossref]

M. J. Jory, P. S. Vukusic, and J. R. Sambles, “Development of a prototype gas sensor using surface plasmon resonance on gratings,” Sens. Actuators, B B17, 203–209 (1994).
[Crossref]

Santo, R.

J. D. Swalen, J. G. Gordon, M. R. Philpott, A. Brillante, I. Pockrand, and R. Santo, “Plasmon surface polariton dispersion by direct optical observation,” Am. J. Phys. 48, 669–672 (1980).
[Crossref]

Satoh, R.

Schatz, G. C.

M. D. Malinsky, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Chain length dependence and sensing capabilities of the localized surface plasmon resonance of silver nanoparticles chemically modified with alkanethiol self-assembled monolayers,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123, 1471–1482 (2001).
[Crossref]

Schider, G.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1762–1764 (2002).
[Crossref]

Schroter, U.

U. Schroter and D. Heitmann, “Grating couplers for surface plasmons excited on thin metal films in the Kretschmann-Raether configuration,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 4992–4999 (1999).
[Crossref]

Schuessler, H. A.

Schulz, C.

D. Heitmann, N. Kroo, C. Schulz, and Z. Szentirmay, “Dispersion anomalies of surface plasmons on corrugated metal-insulator interfaces,” Phys. Rev B 35, 2660–2666 (1987).
[Crossref]

Shuler, Michael L.

Skovgaard, P. M. W.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvan, “Waveguiding in surface plasmon polariton band gap structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3008–3011 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stalberg, R.

K. Johansen, R. Stalberg, I. Lundstrom, and B. Liedberg, “Surface plasmon resonance: instrumental resolution using photodiode arrays,” Meas. Sci. Tech. 11, 1630–1638 (2000).
[Crossref]

Swalen, J. D.

J. D. Swalen, J. G. Gordon, M. R. Philpott, A. Brillante, I. Pockrand, and R. Santo, “Plasmon surface polariton dispersion by direct optical observation,” Am. J. Phys. 48, 669–672 (1980).
[Crossref]

Szentirmay, Z.

D. Heitmann, N. Kroo, C. Schulz, and Z. Szentirmay, “Dispersion anomalies of surface plasmons on corrugated metal-insulator interfaces,” Phys. Rev B 35, 2660–2666 (1987).
[Crossref]

Ura, S.

Valeiko, M. V.

P. I. Nikitin, A. A. Beloglazov, V. E. Korchergin, M. V. Valeiko, and T. I. Ksenevich, “Surface plasmon resonance interferometry for biological and chemical sensing,” Sens. Actuators, B 54, 43–50 (1999).
[Crossref]

Volkov, V. S.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, K. Leosson, and A. Boltasseva, “Bend loss in surface plasmon polariton band-gap structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1076–1078 (2001).
[Crossref]

Vukusic, P. S.

M. J. Jory, P. S. Vukusic, and J. R. Sambles, “Development of a prototype gas sensor using surface plasmon resonance on gratings,” Sens. Actuators, B B17, 203–209 (1994).
[Crossref]

Yee, S. S.

S. G. Nelson, K. S. Johnston, and S. S. Yee, “High sensitivity surface plasmon resonance sensor based on phase detection,” Sens. Actuators, B B35, 187–191 (1996).
[Crossref]

Yee, Sinclair S.

Jiri Homola, Ivo Koudela, and Sinclair S. Yee, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors based on diffraction gratings and prism couplers: sensitivity comparison,” Sens. Actuators, B 54, 16–24 (1999).
[Crossref]

Jiri Homola, Sinclair S. Yee, and Gunter Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sens. Actuators, B 54, 3–15 (1999).
[Crossref]

Yoon, Kyung Hun

Zhaoming, Z.

Am. J. Phys. (1)

J. D. Swalen, J. G. Gordon, M. R. Philpott, A. Brillante, I. Pockrand, and R. Santo, “Plasmon surface polariton dispersion by direct optical observation,” Am. J. Phys. 48, 669–672 (1980).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, K. Leosson, and A. Boltasseva, “Bend loss in surface plasmon polariton band-gap structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1076–1078 (2001).
[Crossref]

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1762–1764 (2002).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Backlund, J. Bengtsson, C. F. Carlstrom, and A. Larsson, “Multifunctional grating couplers for bidirectional incoupling into planar waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 314–316 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

M. D. Malinsky, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Chain length dependence and sensing capabilities of the localized surface plasmon resonance of silver nanoparticles chemically modified with alkanethiol self-assembled monolayers,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123, 1471–1482 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. C. Kitson, W. L. Barnes, G. W. Bradberry, and J. R. Sambles, “Surface profile dependence of surface plasmon band gaps on metallic gratings,” J. Appl. Phys. 79, 7383–7385 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Langmuir (1)

A. G. Brolo, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Surface plasmon sensor based on the enhanced light transmission through arrays of nanoholes in gold films,” Langmuir 20, 4813–4815 (2004).
[Crossref]

Meas. Sci. Tech. (1)

K. Johansen, R. Stalberg, I. Lundstrom, and B. Liedberg, “Surface plasmon resonance: instrumental resolution using photodiode arrays,” Meas. Sci. Tech. 11, 1630–1638 (2000).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Rev B (1)

D. Heitmann, N. Kroo, C. Schulz, and Z. Szentirmay, “Dispersion anomalies of surface plasmons on corrugated metal-insulator interfaces,” Phys. Rev B 35, 2660–2666 (1987).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (3)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

W. L. Barnes, T. W. Preist, S. C. Kitson, and J. R. Sambles, “Physical origin of photonic energy gaps in the propagation of surface plasmons on gratings,” Phys. Rev. B 54, 6227–6244 (1996).
[Crossref]

U. Schroter and D. Heitmann, “Grating couplers for surface plasmons excited on thin metal films in the Kretschmann-Raether configuration,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 4992–4999 (1999).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvan, “Waveguiding in surface plasmon polariton band gap structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3008–3011 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. C. Kitson, W. L. Barnes, and J. R. Sambles, “Full photonic band gap for surface modes in the visible,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2670–2673 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Physica B (1)

M. Masale, “The theory of attenuated total reflection by surface polaritons on one-sided corrugated thin films,” Physica B 325, 385–393 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sens. Actuators, B (5)

M. J. Jory, P. S. Vukusic, and J. R. Sambles, “Development of a prototype gas sensor using surface plasmon resonance on gratings,” Sens. Actuators, B B17, 203–209 (1994).
[Crossref]

S. G. Nelson, K. S. Johnston, and S. S. Yee, “High sensitivity surface plasmon resonance sensor based on phase detection,” Sens. Actuators, B B35, 187–191 (1996).
[Crossref]

P. I. Nikitin, A. A. Beloglazov, V. E. Korchergin, M. V. Valeiko, and T. I. Ksenevich, “Surface plasmon resonance interferometry for biological and chemical sensing,” Sens. Actuators, B 54, 43–50 (1999).
[Crossref]

Jiri Homola, Ivo Koudela, and Sinclair S. Yee, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors based on diffraction gratings and prism couplers: sensitivity comparison,” Sens. Actuators, B 54, 16–24 (1999).
[Crossref]

Jiri Homola, Sinclair S. Yee, and Gunter Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sens. Actuators, B 54, 3–15 (1999).
[Crossref]

Other (4)

C. J. Alleyne, A. G. Kirk, R. C McPhedran, N.-A. Nicorovici, and D. Maystre, “Enhanced sensitivity for SPR biosensors using periodic structures” presented at the 19th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS ′06), Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 29 Oct. 2006.

A. D. Boardman, Electromagnetic Surface Modes (Wiley-Interscience, Toronto1982).

H Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, New York1983).

D. Maystre, “Rigorous vector theories of diffraction gratings” in Progress in Optics. (North-Holland, 1984) Vol. 21.

Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: AVI (95 KB)     

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Three configurations to couple light to surface plasmons: a) Conventional ATR coupled SPR with a prism and a thin flat metal layer, b) Conventional grating coupled SPR where light is directly incident on the corrugated interface, c) Combined ATR and indirect grating coupled SPR. Due to the additional momentum from the grating, the indirect grating coupling requires a shallower incidence angle (yellow arrow).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Surface grating structure.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Dispersion curve for a flat silver surface with sample index of n=1.3. The colour bar shows reflectance with white representing high reflectivity.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Dispersion curve for a 20nm grating with sample index of n=1.3 overlapped with the curves calculated from Eq. (1) (blue diamond studded lines). [Media 1]

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(95KB) Movie of the dispersion curve shift with t=50nm and h=40nm as the sample index varies from n=1.3 to n=1.4 with increments of Δn=0.01.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Reflectivity dips for a flat surface and two gratings (both with t=50nm) with sample index values from 1.33 to 1.34. The asterisks show the curve minima.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Sensitivity vs. sample index for a flat surface (solid black line) and various gratings. The red curves represent gratings with h=20nm and the blue curves represent h=40nm. The period required to keep the bandedge near λ=850nm is also noted.

Equations (2)

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k sp = k o ε mr ε D ε mr + ε D ,
Λ B = λ sp 2 = λ o 2 ε mr + ε D ε mr ε D .

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