Abstract

A sinusoidal silver grating is used to create a six-fold enhancement of the SPR response compared to a flat surface. The grating parameters are chosen to create a surface plasmon bandgap and it is shown that the enhancement of the sensitivity to bulk sample index occurs when operating near the bandgap. The Kretschmann configuration is considered and the Boundary Element Method is used to generate the dispersion curves.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  2. J. Backlund, J. Bengtsson, C. F. Carlstrom, and A. Larsson, "Multifunctional grating couplers for bidirectional incoupling into planar waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 314-316 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Kintaka, J. Nishii, J. Ohmori, Y. Imaoka, M. Nishihara, S. Ura, R. Satoh, and H. Nishihara, "Integrated waveguide gratings for wavelength-demultiplexing of free space waves from guided waves," Opt. Express 12, 3072-3078 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, New York 1983).
  5. M. J. Jory, P. S. Vukusic, and J. R. Sambles, "Development of a prototype gas sensor using surface plasmon resonance on gratings," Sens. Actuators B B17, 203-209 (1994).
  6. U. Schroter and D. Heitmann, "Grating couplers for surface plasmons excited on thin metal films in the Kretschmann-Raether configuration," Phys. Rev. B 60, 4992-4999 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Masale, "The theory of attenuated total reflection by surface polaritons on one-sided corrugated thin films," Physica B 325, 385-393 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Z. Zhaoming and T. G. Brown, "Nonperturbative analysis of cross coupling in corrugated metal films," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 1798-1806 (2000).
  9. W. L. Barnes, T. W. Preist, S. C. Kitson, and J. R. Sambles, "Physical origin of photonic energy gaps in the propagation of surface plasmons on gratings," Phys. Rev. B 54, 6227-6244 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvan, "Waveguiding in surface plasmon polariton band gap structures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3008-3011 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, K. Leosson, and A. Boltasseva, "Bend loss in surface plasmon polariton band-gap structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1076-1078 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. C. Kitson, W. L. Barnes, and J. R. Sambles, "Full photonic band gap for surface modes in the visible," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2670-2673 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. Heitmann, N. Kroo, C. Schulz, and Z. Szentirmay, "Dispersion anomalies of surface plasmons on corrugated metal-insulator interfaces," Phys. Rev B 35, 2660-2666 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  14. W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  15. H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1762-1764 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  20. A. G. Brolo, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, "Surface plasmon sensor based on the enhanced light transmission through arrays of nanoholes in gold films," Langmuir 20, 4813-4815 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  21. S. G. Nelson, K. S. Johnston, and S. S. Yee, "High sensitivity surface plasmon resonance sensor based on phase detection," Sens. Actuators B B35, 187-191 (1996).
  22. P. I. Nikitin, A. A. Beloglazov, V. E. Korchergin, M. V. Valeiko, and T. I. Ksenevich, "Surface plasmon resonance interferometry for biological and chemical sensing," Sens. Actuators B 54, 43-50 (1999).
  23. C. J. Alleyne, A. G. Kirk, R. C McPhedran, N.-A. Nicorovici, and D. Maystre, "Enhanced sensitivity for SPR biosensors using periodic structures" presented at the 19th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS '06), Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Oct.26, 2006.
  24. J. D. Swalen, J. G. Gordon, II, M. R. Philpott, A. Brillante, I. Pockrand, and R. Santo, "Plasmon surface polariton dispersion by direct optical observation," Am. J. Phys. 48, 669-672 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  25. S. C. Kitson, W. L. Barnes, G. W. Bradberry, and J. R. Sambles, "Surface profile dependence of surface plasmon band gaps on metallic gratings," J. Appl. Phys. 79, 7383-7385 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  26. J. Homola, I. Koudela, and S. S. Yee, "Surface plasmon resonance sensors based on diffraction gratings and prism couplers: sensitivity comparison," Sens. Actuators B 54, 16-24 (1999).
  27. J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, "Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review," Sens. Actuators B 54, 3-15 (1999).
  28. K. Johansen, R. Stalberg, I. Lundstrom, and B. Liedberg, "Surface plasmon resonance: instrumental resolution using photodiode arrays," Meas. Sci. Tech. 11, 1630-1638 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
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2006 (1)

2004 (2)

K. Kintaka, J. Nishii, J. Ohmori, Y. Imaoka, M. Nishihara, S. Ura, R. Satoh, and H. Nishihara, "Integrated waveguide gratings for wavelength-demultiplexing of free space waves from guided waves," Opt. Express 12, 3072-3078 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Brolo, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, "Surface plasmon sensor based on the enhanced light transmission through arrays of nanoholes in gold films," Langmuir 20, 4813-4815 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

M. Masale, "The theory of attenuated total reflection by surface polaritons on one-sided corrugated thin films," Physica B 325, 385-393 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1762-1764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvan, "Waveguiding in surface plasmon polariton band gap structures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3008-3011 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, K. Leosson, and A. Boltasseva, "Bend loss in surface plasmon polariton band-gap structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1076-1078 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Malinsky, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, "Chain length dependence and sensing capabilities of the localized surface plasmon resonance of silver nanoparticles chemically modified with alkanethiol self-assembled monolayers," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123, 1471-1482 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

K. Johansen, R. Stalberg, I. Lundstrom, and B. Liedberg, "Surface plasmon resonance: instrumental resolution using photodiode arrays," Meas. Sci. Tech. 11, 1630-1638 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Backlund, J. Bengtsson, C. F. Carlstrom, and A. Larsson, "Multifunctional grating couplers for bidirectional incoupling into planar waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 314-316 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhaoming and T. G. Brown, "Nonperturbative analysis of cross coupling in corrugated metal films," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 1798-1806 (2000).

1999 (1)

U. Schroter and D. Heitmann, "Grating couplers for surface plasmons excited on thin metal films in the Kretschmann-Raether configuration," Phys. Rev. B 60, 4992-4999 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (3)

W. L. Barnes, T. W. Preist, S. C. Kitson, and J. R. Sambles, "Physical origin of photonic energy gaps in the propagation of surface plasmons on gratings," Phys. Rev. B 54, 6227-6244 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Kitson, W. L. Barnes, G. W. Bradberry, and J. R. Sambles, "Surface profile dependence of surface plasmon band gaps on metallic gratings," J. Appl. Phys. 79, 7383-7385 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Kitson, W. L. Barnes, and J. R. Sambles, "Full photonic band gap for surface modes in the visible," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2670-2673 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

D. Heitmann, N. Kroo, C. Schulz, and Z. Szentirmay, "Dispersion anomalies of surface plasmons on corrugated metal-insulator interfaces," Phys. Rev B 35, 2660-2666 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

J. D. Swalen, J. G. Gordon, II, M. R. Philpott, A. Brillante, I. Pockrand, and R. Santo, "Plasmon surface polariton dispersion by direct optical observation," Am. J. Phys. 48, 669-672 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, "Optical constants of the noble metals," Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370-4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Am. J. Phys. (1)

J. D. Swalen, J. G. Gordon, II, M. R. Philpott, A. Brillante, I. Pockrand, and R. Santo, "Plasmon surface polariton dispersion by direct optical observation," Am. J. Phys. 48, 669-672 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, K. Leosson, and A. Boltasseva, "Bend loss in surface plasmon polariton band-gap structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1076-1078 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Two-dimensional optics with surface plasmon polaritons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1762-1764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Backlund, J. Bengtsson, C. F. Carlstrom, and A. Larsson, "Multifunctional grating couplers for bidirectional incoupling into planar waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 314-316 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

M. D. Malinsky, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, "Chain length dependence and sensing capabilities of the localized surface plasmon resonance of silver nanoparticles chemically modified with alkanethiol self-assembled monolayers," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123, 1471-1482 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. C. Kitson, W. L. Barnes, G. W. Bradberry, and J. R. Sambles, "Surface profile dependence of surface plasmon band gaps on metallic gratings," J. Appl. Phys. 79, 7383-7385 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Langmuir (1)

A. G. Brolo, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, "Surface plasmon sensor based on the enhanced light transmission through arrays of nanoholes in gold films," Langmuir 20, 4813-4815 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Tech. (1)

K. Johansen, R. Stalberg, I. Lundstrom, and B. Liedberg, "Surface plasmon resonance: instrumental resolution using photodiode arrays," Meas. Sci. Tech. 11, 1630-1638 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Rev B (1)

D. Heitmann, N. Kroo, C. Schulz, and Z. Szentirmay, "Dispersion anomalies of surface plasmons on corrugated metal-insulator interfaces," Phys. Rev B 35, 2660-2666 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (3)

W. L. Barnes, T. W. Preist, S. C. Kitson, and J. R. Sambles, "Physical origin of photonic energy gaps in the propagation of surface plasmons on gratings," Phys. Rev. B 54, 6227-6244 (1996).
[CrossRef]

U. Schroter and D. Heitmann, "Grating couplers for surface plasmons excited on thin metal films in the Kretschmann-Raether configuration," Phys. Rev. B 60, 4992-4999 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, "Optical constants of the noble metals," Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370-4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Erland, K. Leosson, P. M. W. Skovgaard, and J. M. Hvan, "Waveguiding in surface plasmon polariton band gap structures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3008-3011 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Kitson, W. L. Barnes, and J. R. Sambles, "Full photonic band gap for surface modes in the visible," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2670-2673 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Physica B (1)

M. Masale, "The theory of attenuated total reflection by surface polaritons on one-sided corrugated thin films," Physica B 325, 385-393 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (9)

A. D. Boardman, Electromagnetic Surface Modes (Wiley-Interscience, Toronto 1982).

H Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, New York 1983).

M. J. Jory, P. S. Vukusic, and J. R. Sambles, "Development of a prototype gas sensor using surface plasmon resonance on gratings," Sens. Actuators B B17, 203-209 (1994).

D. Maystre, "Rigorous vector theories of diffraction gratings" in Progress in Optics. (North-Holland, 1984) Vol. 21.

S. G. Nelson, K. S. Johnston, and S. S. Yee, "High sensitivity surface plasmon resonance sensor based on phase detection," Sens. Actuators B B35, 187-191 (1996).

P. I. Nikitin, A. A. Beloglazov, V. E. Korchergin, M. V. Valeiko, and T. I. Ksenevich, "Surface plasmon resonance interferometry for biological and chemical sensing," Sens. Actuators B 54, 43-50 (1999).

C. J. Alleyne, A. G. Kirk, R. C McPhedran, N.-A. Nicorovici, and D. Maystre, "Enhanced sensitivity for SPR biosensors using periodic structures" presented at the 19th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS '06), Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Oct.26, 2006.

J. Homola, I. Koudela, and S. S. Yee, "Surface plasmon resonance sensors based on diffraction gratings and prism couplers: sensitivity comparison," Sens. Actuators B 54, 16-24 (1999).

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, "Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review," Sens. Actuators B 54, 3-15 (1999).

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