Abstract

We studied cascaded optical rectification processes for intense terahertz (THz) pulse generation in electro-optic crystals using simulations based on one-dimensional coupled propagation equations of THz and optical fields. We found that under ideal conditions of perfect phase matching and no absorption, cascaded optical rectification processes produce intense THz pulses with efficiencies exceeding the Manley-Rowe limit. Large red shifting of the pump light spectrum was observed. Effects of finite optical and THz absorption, phase mismatches, and pulse width were examined using parameters of a ZnTe crystal pumped by 800 nm pulses. THz field enhancement by multiple pulse pumping was also studied.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2006 (4)

2005 (4)

T . Löffler, T. Hahn, M . Thomson, F. Jacob, and H. G. Roskos, "Large-area electro-optic ZnTe terahertz emitters," Opt. Express 13, 5353-5362 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Stepanov, J. Kuhl, I. Z. Kozma, E. Riedle, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, "Scaling up the energy of THz pulses created by optical rectification," Opt. Express 13, 5762-5768 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Rungsawang, A. Mochiduki, S. Ookuma, and T. Hattori, "1-kHz real-time imaging using a half-cycle terahertz electromagnetic pulse," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, L288-L291 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Löffler, M. Kreß, M. Thomson, T. Hahn, N. Hasegawa, and H. G. Roskos, "Comparative performance of terahertz emitters in amplifier-laser-based systems," Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20, S134-141 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (5)

C. Luo, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, "Nonlinear terahertz spectroscopy of semiconductor nanostructures," Appl. Phys. A 78, 435-440 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, "Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optic process in GaAs using 1.56 μm fiber laser pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3974-3976 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal and J. Kuhl, "Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts," Appl. Phys. B 78, 593-599 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Cronin-Golomb, "Cascaded nonlinear difference-frequency generation of enhanced terahertz wave generation," Opt. Lett. 29, 2046-2048 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Kolleck, "Cascaded second-order contribution to the third-order nonlinear susceptibility," Phys. Rev. A 69, 053812 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2002 (2)

B. Ferguson and X. -C. Zhang, "Materials for terahertz science and technology," Nature Materials 1, 26-33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. -P. Caumes, L. Videau, C. Rouyer, and E. Freysz, "Ker-like nonlinearity induced via terahertz generation and the electro-optical effect in zinc blende crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 047401 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

M. Schall, M. Walther, and P. Uhd. Jepsen, "Fundamental and second-order phonon processes in CdTe and ZnTe," Phys. Rev. B 64, 094301 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Hattori, K. Tukamoto, and H. Nakatsuka, "Time-resolved study of intense terahertz pulses generated by a large-aperture photoconductive antenna," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 4907-4912 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

M. Schall and P. Uhd. Jepsen, "Freeze-out of difference-phonon modes in ZnTe and its application in detection of THz pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2801-2803 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

G. Gallot, J. Zhang, R. W. McGowan, T. -I. Jeon, and D. Grischkowsky, "Measurements of the THz absorption and dispersion of ZnTe and their relevance to the electro-optic detection of THz radiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3450-3452 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Cook, J. X. Chen, E. A. Morlino, and R. M. Hochstrasser, "Terahertz-field-induced second-harmonic generation measurements of liquid dynamics," Chem. Phys. Lett. 309, 221-228 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

E. Budiarto, J. Margolies, S. Jeong, J. Son, and J. Bokor, "High-intensity terahertz pulses at 1-kHz repetition rate," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1839-1846 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, "A wideband coherent terahertz spectroscopy system using optical rectification and electro-optic sampling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321-2323 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (3)

B. B. Hu and M. C. Nuss, "Imaging with terahertz waves," Opt. Lett. 20, 1716-1718 (1995).

T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. S. Clement, A. J. Taylor, and K. R. Stewart, "Generation of terahertz radiation using electro-optic crystal mosaics," Appl. Phys. Lett. 66,10-12 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ch. Bosshard, R. Spreiter, M. Zgonik, and P. Günter, "Kerr nonlinearity via cascaded optical rectification and the linear electro-optic effect," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2816-2819 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1967 (1)

R. E. Nahory and H. Y. Fan, "Optical properties of zinc telluride," Phys. Rev. 156, 825-833 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. A (1)

C. Luo, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, "Nonlinear terahertz spectroscopy of semiconductor nanostructures," Appl. Phys. A 78, 435-440 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal and J. Kuhl, "Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts," Appl. Phys. B 78, 593-599 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, "Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optic process in GaAs using 1.56 μm fiber laser pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3974-3976 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Gallot, J. Zhang, R. W. McGowan, T. -I. Jeon, and D. Grischkowsky, "Measurements of the THz absorption and dispersion of ZnTe and their relevance to the electro-optic detection of THz radiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3450-3452 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Schall and P. Uhd. Jepsen, "Freeze-out of difference-phonon modes in ZnTe and its application in detection of THz pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2801-2803 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Carrig, G. Rodriguez, T. S. Clement, A. J. Taylor, and K. R. Stewart, "Generation of terahertz radiation using electro-optic crystal mosaics," Appl. Phys. Lett. 66,10-12 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, "A wideband coherent terahertz spectroscopy system using optical rectification and electro-optic sampling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2321-2323 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. J. Cook, J. X. Chen, E. A. Morlino, and R. M. Hochstrasser, "Terahertz-field-induced second-harmonic generation measurements of liquid dynamics," Chem. Phys. Lett. 309, 221-228 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

E. Budiarto, J. Margolies, S. Jeong, J. Son, and J. Bokor, "High-intensity terahertz pulses at 1-kHz repetition rate," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1839-1846 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (3)

T. Hattori, K. Tukamoto, and H. Nakatsuka, "Time-resolved study of intense terahertz pulses generated by a large-aperture photoconductive antenna," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 4907-4912 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Hattori, K. Egawa, S. Ookuma, and T. Itatani, "Intense terahertz pulses from large-aperture antenna with interdigitated electrodes," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L422-L424 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Rungsawang, A. Mochiduki, S. Ookuma, and T. Hattori, "1-kHz real-time imaging using a half-cycle terahertz electromagnetic pulse," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, L288-L291 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nature Materials (1)

B. Ferguson and X. -C. Zhang, "Materials for terahertz science and technology," Nature Materials 1, 26-33 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. (1)

R. E. Nahory and H. Y. Fan, "Optical properties of zinc telluride," Phys. Rev. 156, 825-833 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

C. Kolleck, "Cascaded second-order contribution to the third-order nonlinear susceptibility," Phys. Rev. A 69, 053812 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. Schall, M. Walther, and P. Uhd. Jepsen, "Fundamental and second-order phonon processes in CdTe and ZnTe," Phys. Rev. B 64, 094301 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

Ch. Bosshard, R. Spreiter, M. Zgonik, and P. Günter, "Kerr nonlinearity via cascaded optical rectification and the linear electro-optic effect," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2816-2819 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. -P. Caumes, L. Videau, C. Rouyer, and E. Freysz, "Ker-like nonlinearity induced via terahertz generation and the electro-optical effect in zinc blende crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 047401 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Semicond. Sci. Technol. (1)

T. Löffler, M. Kreß, M. Thomson, T. Hahn, N. Hasegawa, and H. G. Roskos, "Comparative performance of terahertz emitters in amplifier-laser-based systems," Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20, S134-141 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

F. G. Sun, W. Ji, and X. -C. Zhang, "Two-photon absorption induced saturation of THz radiation in ZnTe," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technichal Digest (Optical Society of America, Wasgington DC, 2000), 479-480.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, San Diego, 2003).

S. Casalbuoni, H. Schlarb, B. Schmidt, P. Schmüser, B. Steffen, and A. Winter, "Numerical studies on the electrooptic sampling of relativistic electron bubches," TESLA Report 2005-11 (2005).

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