Abstract

We report soliton compression in a tapered hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber. We compress unchirped 195fs input pulses at 800 nm wavelength to less than 100fs after single-mode propagation through 8m of fiber, at pulse energies of around 50nJ.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks and P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers," Science 282, 1476-1478 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts and D. A. Allan "Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. G. Bouwmans, F Luan, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, L. Farr, B. J. Mangan and H. Sabert, "Properties of a hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber at 850nm wavelength," Opt. Express 11, 1613-1620 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. G. Humbert, J. C. Knight, G. Bouwmans, P. St. J. Russell, D. P. Williams, P. J. Roberts and B. J. Mangan, "Hollow core photonic crystal fibers for beam delivery," Opt. Express 12, 1477-1484 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd Edition (Academic Press, San Diego, 2001).
  6. D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K.W. Koch and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. F. Luan, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, S. Campbell, D. Xiao, D. T. Reid, B. J. Mangan, D. P. Williams and P. J. Roberts, "Femtosecond soliton pulse delivery at 800nm wavelength in hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers, " Opt. Express 12, 835-840 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. D. G. Ouzounov, C. J. Hensley and A. L. Gaeta, "Soliton pulse compression in photonic band-gap fibers," Opt. Express 13, 6153-6159 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. L. V. Tse, P. Horak, J. H. V. Price, F. Poletti, F. He, and D. J. Richardson, "Pulse compression at 1.06 μm in dispersion-decreasing holey fibers," Opt. Lett. 31, 3504-3506 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. C. Travers, B. A. Cumberland, A. B. Rulkov, S. V. Popov, J. R. Taylor, J. M. Stone, A. K. George and J. C. Knight, "Pulse compression in dispersion decreasing photonic crystal fiber," to be presented at CLEO 2007, Baltimore.
  11. S. V. Chernikov and P.V. Mamyshev, "Femtosecond soliton propagation in fibers with slowly decreasing dispersion," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1633-1641 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. V. Chernikov, D. J. Richardson, E. V. Dianov and D. N. Payne, "Picosecond soliton pulse compressor based on dispersion decreasing fiber," Electron. Lett. 28, 1842-1844 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  13. P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset and H. P. Weber, "Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber," IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1938-1946 (1987).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

2003 (2)

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K.W. Koch and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Bouwmans, F Luan, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, L. Farr, B. J. Mangan and H. Sabert, "Properties of a hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber at 850nm wavelength," Opt. Express 11, 1613-1620 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts and D. A. Allan "Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks and P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers," Science 282, 1476-1478 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

S. V. Chernikov, D. J. Richardson, E. V. Dianov and D. N. Payne, "Picosecond soliton pulse compressor based on dispersion decreasing fiber," Electron. Lett. 28, 1842-1844 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1987 (1)

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset and H. P. Weber, "Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber," IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1938-1946 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Ahmad, F. R.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K.W. Koch and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Allan, D. A.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts and D. A. Allan "Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beaud, P.

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset and H. P. Weber, "Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber," IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1938-1946 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T. A.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts and D. A. Allan "Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks and P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers," Science 282, 1476-1478 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bouwmans, G.

Broeng, J.

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks and P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers," Science 282, 1476-1478 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Campbell, S.

Chernikov, S. V.

S. V. Chernikov, D. J. Richardson, E. V. Dianov and D. N. Payne, "Picosecond soliton pulse compressor based on dispersion decreasing fiber," Electron. Lett. 28, 1842-1844 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Chernikov and P.V. Mamyshev, "Femtosecond soliton propagation in fibers with slowly decreasing dispersion," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1633-1641 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Cregan, R. F.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts and D. A. Allan "Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dianov, E. V.

S. V. Chernikov, D. J. Richardson, E. V. Dianov and D. N. Payne, "Picosecond soliton pulse compressor based on dispersion decreasing fiber," Electron. Lett. 28, 1842-1844 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Farr, L.

Gaeta, A. L.

D. G. Ouzounov, C. J. Hensley and A. L. Gaeta, "Soliton pulse compression in photonic band-gap fibers," Opt. Express 13, 6153-6159 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K.W. Koch and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gallagher, M. T.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K.W. Koch and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

He, F.

Hensley, C. J.

Hodel, W.

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset and H. P. Weber, "Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber," IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1938-1946 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Horak, P.

Humbert, G.

Knight, J. C.

Koch, K.W.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K.W. Koch and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luan, F

Luan, F.

Mamyshev, P.V.

Mangan, B. J.

Muller, D.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K.W. Koch and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ouzounov, D. G.

D. G. Ouzounov, C. J. Hensley and A. L. Gaeta, "Soliton pulse compression in photonic band-gap fibers," Opt. Express 13, 6153-6159 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K.W. Koch and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Payne, D. N.

S. V. Chernikov, D. J. Richardson, E. V. Dianov and D. N. Payne, "Picosecond soliton pulse compressor based on dispersion decreasing fiber," Electron. Lett. 28, 1842-1844 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Poletti, F.

Price, J. H. V.

Reid, D. T.

Richardson, D. J.

M. L. V. Tse, P. Horak, J. H. V. Price, F. Poletti, F. He, and D. J. Richardson, "Pulse compression at 1.06 μm in dispersion-decreasing holey fibers," Opt. Lett. 31, 3504-3506 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Chernikov, D. J. Richardson, E. V. Dianov and D. N. Payne, "Picosecond soliton pulse compressor based on dispersion decreasing fiber," Electron. Lett. 28, 1842-1844 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, P. J.

Russell, P. St. J.

Sabert, H.

Silcox, J.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K.W. Koch and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thomas, M. G.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K.W. Koch and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tse, M. L. V.

Venkataraman, N.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K.W. Koch and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weber, H. P.

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset and H. P. Weber, "Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber," IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1938-1946 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Williams, D. P.

Xiao, D.

Zysset, B.

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset and H. P. Weber, "Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber," IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1938-1946 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

S. V. Chernikov, D. J. Richardson, E. V. Dianov and D. N. Payne, "Picosecond soliton pulse compressor based on dispersion decreasing fiber," Electron. Lett. 28, 1842-1844 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset and H. P. Weber, "Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber," IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1938-1946 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Science (3)

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks and P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers," Science 282, 1476-1478 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts and D. A. Allan "Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K.W. Koch and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd Edition (Academic Press, San Diego, 2001).

J. C. Travers, B. A. Cumberland, A. B. Rulkov, S. V. Popov, J. R. Taylor, J. M. Stone, A. K. George and J. C. Knight, "Pulse compression in dispersion decreasing photonic crystal fiber," to be presented at CLEO 2007, Baltimore.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Taper shape obtained during the fabrication process. The 8m-length of fiber used for the experiments is indicated.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Normalized transmission and (b) GVD curve of the tapered HC-PBGF versus the wavelength. In each case, data obtained from a 25cm-long piece cut from the input (dashed) and output (solid) of the taper are also plotted. An image of the guided-mode near-field pattern through the tapered fiber at 800nm wavelength is shown in the inset.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Set-up used for short pulses experiments.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Output spectra from a 8m length of tapered HC-PBGF for various output pulse energies; (b) Output pulse width as a function of output pulse energy. The inset shows an autocorrelation trace recorded at an output pulse energy of 63nJ.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Spectrum of the untapered HC-PBGF for different output pulse energy; (b) Output pulse width as a function of output pulse energy : comparison between untapered (red points) and tapered (black points) HC-PBGF.

Equations (1)

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τ 0 = 1.76 λ 3 D A eff 2 π 2 c n 2 E sol

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