Abstract

In order to solve the differentiated service problem in optical burst switching (OBS) networks, we propose a dynamic fiber delay line (FDL) bank partitioning algorithm, which divides a FDL bank into several groups, using a feed-forward output buffering architecture. In the analysis, three classes and groups are considered for traffic and FDL, respectively, and each group is assigned to each class. This paper shows that the loss differentiation in OBS networks is easily accomplished in Poisson traffic environments when our dynamic algorithm is adopted.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C. Qiao and M. Yoo, "Optical burst switching (OBS) - a new paradigm for an optical internet," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 69-84 (1999).
  2. K. Long, R. S. Tucker, and C. Wang, "A new framework and burst assembly for IP DiffServ over optical burst switching networks," in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM Technical Conference (IEEE, San Francisco, 2003), 3159-3164.
  3. S. Oh, Y. Kim, M. Yoo, and H. H. Hong, "Survivability in the optical internet using the optical burst switch," ETRI J. 24, 117-130 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. K. Lee, K. Sriram, H. S. Kim, and J. S. Song, "Contention-based limited deflection routing in OBS networks," in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM Technical Conference (IEEE, San Francisco, 2003), 2633-2637.
  5. M. Yoo, C. Qiao, and S. Dixit, "QoS performance of optical burst switching in IP-over-WDM networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 2062-2071 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. V. M. Vokkarane and J. P. Jue, "Prioritized burst segmentation and composite burst-assembly techniques for QoS support in optical burstswitched networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1198-1209 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. Loi, W. Liao, and D. N. Yang, "Service differentiation in optical burst switched networks," in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM Technical Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Taipei, 2002), 2313-2317.
  8. Q. Zhang, V. M. Vokkarane, B. Chen, and J. P. Jue, "Early drop and wavelength grouping schemes for providing absolute QoS differentiation in optical burst-switched networks," in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM Technical Conference (IEEE, San Francisco, 2003), 2694-2698.
  9. T. Zhang, K. Lu, and J. P. Jue, "Shared fiber delay line buffers in asynchronous optical packet switches," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 24, 118-127 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. K. Hunter, M. C. Chia, and I. Andonovic, "Buffering in optical packet switches," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2081-2094 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. J. Karol and M. G. Hluchyj, "Input versus output queueing on a space-division packet switch," IEEE Trans. Commun. 35, 1347-1356 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. C. AlmeidaJr., J. U. Pelegrini, and H. Waldman, "Delay-line buffer modeling for asynchronous optical networks," in Optical Networking and Communications, A. K. Somani and Z. Zhang, Eds., Proc. SPIE 5285, 381-391 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Y. Xiong, M. Vandenhoute, and H. C. Cankaya, "Control architecture in optical burst-Switched WDM networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1838-1851 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. S. Turner, "Terabit burst switching," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 3-16 (1999).
  15. OPNET, http://www.opnet.com/.

2006

T. Zhang, K. Lu, and J. P. Jue, "Shared fiber delay line buffers in asynchronous optical packet switches," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 24, 118-127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003

V. M. Vokkarane and J. P. Jue, "Prioritized burst segmentation and composite burst-assembly techniques for QoS support in optical burstswitched networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1198-1209 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

S. Oh, Y. Kim, M. Yoo, and H. H. Hong, "Survivability in the optical internet using the optical burst switch," ETRI J. 24, 117-130 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

M. Yoo, C. Qiao, and S. Dixit, "QoS performance of optical burst switching in IP-over-WDM networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 2062-2071 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xiong, M. Vandenhoute, and H. C. Cankaya, "Control architecture in optical burst-Switched WDM networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1838-1851 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

J. S. Turner, "Terabit burst switching," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 3-16 (1999).

C. Qiao and M. Yoo, "Optical burst switching (OBS) - a new paradigm for an optical internet," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 69-84 (1999).

1998

1987

M. J. Karol and M. G. Hluchyj, "Input versus output queueing on a space-division packet switch," IEEE Trans. Commun. 35, 1347-1356 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Andonovic, I.

Cankaya, H. C.

Y. Xiong, M. Vandenhoute, and H. C. Cankaya, "Control architecture in optical burst-Switched WDM networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1838-1851 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chia, M. C.

Dixit, S.

M. Yoo, C. Qiao, and S. Dixit, "QoS performance of optical burst switching in IP-over-WDM networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 2062-2071 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hluchyj, M. G.

M. J. Karol and M. G. Hluchyj, "Input versus output queueing on a space-division packet switch," IEEE Trans. Commun. 35, 1347-1356 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Hong, H. H.

S. Oh, Y. Kim, M. Yoo, and H. H. Hong, "Survivability in the optical internet using the optical burst switch," ETRI J. 24, 117-130 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hunter, D. K.

Jue, J. P.

T. Zhang, K. Lu, and J. P. Jue, "Shared fiber delay line buffers in asynchronous optical packet switches," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 24, 118-127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Vokkarane and J. P. Jue, "Prioritized burst segmentation and composite burst-assembly techniques for QoS support in optical burstswitched networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1198-1209 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Karol, M. J.

M. J. Karol and M. G. Hluchyj, "Input versus output queueing on a space-division packet switch," IEEE Trans. Commun. 35, 1347-1356 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y.

S. Oh, Y. Kim, M. Yoo, and H. H. Hong, "Survivability in the optical internet using the optical burst switch," ETRI J. 24, 117-130 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lu, K.

T. Zhang, K. Lu, and J. P. Jue, "Shared fiber delay line buffers in asynchronous optical packet switches," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 24, 118-127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Oh, S.

S. Oh, Y. Kim, M. Yoo, and H. H. Hong, "Survivability in the optical internet using the optical burst switch," ETRI J. 24, 117-130 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Qiao, C.

M. Yoo, C. Qiao, and S. Dixit, "QoS performance of optical burst switching in IP-over-WDM networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 2062-2071 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Qiao and M. Yoo, "Optical burst switching (OBS) - a new paradigm for an optical internet," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 69-84 (1999).

Turner, J. S.

J. S. Turner, "Terabit burst switching," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 3-16 (1999).

Vandenhoute, M.

Y. Xiong, M. Vandenhoute, and H. C. Cankaya, "Control architecture in optical burst-Switched WDM networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1838-1851 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vokkarane, V. M.

V. M. Vokkarane and J. P. Jue, "Prioritized burst segmentation and composite burst-assembly techniques for QoS support in optical burstswitched networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1198-1209 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Xiong, Y.

Y. Xiong, M. Vandenhoute, and H. C. Cankaya, "Control architecture in optical burst-Switched WDM networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1838-1851 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yoo, M.

S. Oh, Y. Kim, M. Yoo, and H. H. Hong, "Survivability in the optical internet using the optical burst switch," ETRI J. 24, 117-130 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Yoo, C. Qiao, and S. Dixit, "QoS performance of optical burst switching in IP-over-WDM networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 2062-2071 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Qiao and M. Yoo, "Optical burst switching (OBS) - a new paradigm for an optical internet," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 69-84 (1999).

Zhang, T.

T. Zhang, K. Lu, and J. P. Jue, "Shared fiber delay line buffers in asynchronous optical packet switches," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 24, 118-127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

ETRI J.

S. Oh, Y. Kim, M. Yoo, and H. H. Hong, "Survivability in the optical internet using the optical burst switch," ETRI J. 24, 117-130 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.

M. Yoo, C. Qiao, and S. Dixit, "QoS performance of optical burst switching in IP-over-WDM networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 2062-2071 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Vokkarane and J. P. Jue, "Prioritized burst segmentation and composite burst-assembly techniques for QoS support in optical burstswitched networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1198-1209 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Zhang, K. Lu, and J. P. Jue, "Shared fiber delay line buffers in asynchronous optical packet switches," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 24, 118-127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xiong, M. Vandenhoute, and H. C. Cankaya, "Control architecture in optical burst-Switched WDM networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1838-1851 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Commun.

M. J. Karol and M. G. Hluchyj, "Input versus output queueing on a space-division packet switch," IEEE Trans. Commun. 35, 1347-1356 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. High Speed Netw.

J. S. Turner, "Terabit burst switching," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 3-16 (1999).

C. Qiao and M. Yoo, "Optical burst switching (OBS) - a new paradigm for an optical internet," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 69-84 (1999).

J. Lightwave Technol.

Other

OPNET, http://www.opnet.com/.

R. C. AlmeidaJr., J. U. Pelegrini, and H. Waldman, "Delay-line buffer modeling for asynchronous optical networks," in Optical Networking and Communications, A. K. Somani and Z. Zhang, Eds., Proc. SPIE 5285, 381-391 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Long, R. S. Tucker, and C. Wang, "A new framework and burst assembly for IP DiffServ over optical burst switching networks," in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM Technical Conference (IEEE, San Francisco, 2003), 3159-3164.

S. K. Lee, K. Sriram, H. S. Kim, and J. S. Song, "Contention-based limited deflection routing in OBS networks," in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM Technical Conference (IEEE, San Francisco, 2003), 2633-2637.

C. Loi, W. Liao, and D. N. Yang, "Service differentiation in optical burst switched networks," in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM Technical Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Taipei, 2002), 2313-2317.

Q. Zhang, V. M. Vokkarane, B. Chen, and J. P. Jue, "Early drop and wavelength grouping schemes for providing absolute QoS differentiation in optical burst-switched networks," in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM Technical Conference (IEEE, San Francisco, 2003), 2694-2698.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Feed-forward output buffering architecture.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Whole flow chart for the dynamic FDL partitioning algorithm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) FDL partitioning scheme to maintain the burst ordering sequence. Group 1 is used by only class 1, group 2 by class 2 and class 1, and group 3 by all classes, and (b) relationship between classes and FDL groups.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Loss probabilities as the function of the delay unit (D) which is normalized by the mean burst size. The offered load is 0.7 and any classes are not considered.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) blocking probabilities for each class when 63 FDLs are used and the D is 10 ∙ 10−6, and (b) number of FDLs when offered load is 0.7, and 63 FDLs are used after system arrives at steady state conditions.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

B = f F λ = f i F λ τ f i ̅ p f i 1 + f i F λ τ f i ̅ p f i ,
τ f i ̅ = 0 τ p τ f i ( τ ) d τ ,
p τ f i ( τ ) = p τ ( D k D i + τ ) D k D i p τ ( ζ ) d ζ ,
B i = f ( F i , λ i + k = 1 i 1 λ k j = k i 1 B j ) ,
B P j = i = j n B i .

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