Abstract

We report an all solid state laser device producing tunable dual wavelength emission in the near IR region (1060nm, and 1550 nm) by use of an Er/Yb co-doped fiber. Generation of continuous-wave radiation around 630 nm is then demonstrated by extra-cavity sum frequency mixing in a Periodically Poled Lithium Niobate (PPLN) crystal. Quasi phase matching conditions are obtained over 7 nm to generate tunable coherent light in the red spectral range.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Nilsson, J.K. Sahu, Y. Jeong,W.A. Clarkson, R. Selvas, A.B. Grudinin, and S.U. Alam, "High power fiber lasers: new developments," in Advances in fiber device, L. NL. Durvasula, eds.,Proc. SPIE 4974, 50-58 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. Qiu, S. Suzuki, A. Schülzgen, L. Li, A. Polynkin, V. Temyanko, J. V. Moloney, and N. Peyghambarian, "Generation of watt-level single-longitudinal-mode output from cladding-pumped short fiber lasers," Opt. Lett. 30, 2748-2750 (2005).
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  13. <jrn>. K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda,Y. Ishii and Takashi Handa, "Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass," J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430-3436 (1986).</jrn>
    [CrossRef]
  14. G.G. Vienne, J.E. Caplen, L. Dong, J.D. Minelly, J. Nilsson, D.N. Payne, "Fabrication and characterization of Yb3+:Er3+ phosphosilicate fibers for lasers," J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1990-2001 (1998).
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    [CrossRef]

2005

2004

2003

J.L. He, H. Liu, J. Du, F. Xu, H.T. Wang, S.N. Zhu, Y.Y. Zhu, and N.B. Ming, "Simultaneous cw red, yellow, and green light generation "traffic signal lights" by frequency doubling and sum-frequency mixing in an aperiodically poled LiTaO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 228-230 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001

Y. Kimura and M. Nagasawa, "Multiwavelength generation in a Nd3+ and Er3+ doubly doped fiber laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 188-190 (2001).

D.Y. Shen, J.K. Sahu, and W.A. Clarkson, "Highly efficient Er Yb fiber laser with 188 W free running and >100W tunable output power," Opt. Express 30, 4916-4921 (2001).

P.K. Cheo, G.G King, "Clad pumped, Yb-Er co-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 88-190 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998

1997

1988

J.M. Battiato, T.F. Morse, and R.K. Kostuk "Dual wavelength common cavity codoped fiber laser," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 1251-1253 (1988).

1979

E.O. Amman, "Simultaneous stimulated Raman scattering and optical frequency mixing in lithium iodate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 838-840 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Amman, E.O.

E.O. Amman, "Simultaneous stimulated Raman scattering and optical frequency mixing in lithium iodate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 838-840 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Balembois, F.

Battiato, J.M.

J.M. Battiato, T.F. Morse, and R.K. Kostuk "Dual wavelength common cavity codoped fiber laser," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 1251-1253 (1988).

Caplen, J.E.

Cheo, P.K.

P.K. Cheo, G.G King, "Clad pumped, Yb-Er co-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 88-190 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Clarkson, W.A.

D.Y. Shen, J.K. Sahu, and W.A. Clarkson, "Highly efficient Er Yb fiber laser with 188 W free running and >100W tunable output power," Opt. Express 30, 4916-4921 (2001).

Dong, L.

Du, J.

J.L. He, H. Liu, J. Du, F. Xu, H.T. Wang, S.N. Zhu, Y.Y. Zhu, and N.B. Ming, "Simultaneous cw red, yellow, and green light generation "traffic signal lights" by frequency doubling and sum-frequency mixing in an aperiodically poled LiTaO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 228-230 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Feng, Y.

Georges, P.

He, J.L.

J.L. He, H. Liu, J. Du, F. Xu, H.T. Wang, S.N. Zhu, Y.Y. Zhu, and N.B. Ming, "Simultaneous cw red, yellow, and green light generation "traffic signal lights" by frequency doubling and sum-frequency mixing in an aperiodically poled LiTaO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 228-230 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Herault, E.

Herda, R.

Huang, S.

Jhundt, D.H.

Kimura, Y.

Y. Kimura and M. Nagasawa, "Multiwavelength generation in a Nd3+ and Er3+ doubly doped fiber laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 188-190 (2001).

King, G.G

P.K. Cheo, G.G King, "Clad pumped, Yb-Er co-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 88-190 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kostuk, R.K.

J.M. Battiato, T.F. Morse, and R.K. Kostuk "Dual wavelength common cavity codoped fiber laser," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 1251-1253 (1988).

Li, L.

Liu, H.

J.L. He, H. Liu, J. Du, F. Xu, H.T. Wang, S.N. Zhu, Y.Y. Zhu, and N.B. Ming, "Simultaneous cw red, yellow, and green light generation "traffic signal lights" by frequency doubling and sum-frequency mixing in an aperiodically poled LiTaO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 228-230 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mildren, R.P.

Minelly, J.D.

Ming, N.B.

J.L. He, H. Liu, J. Du, F. Xu, H.T. Wang, S.N. Zhu, Y.Y. Zhu, and N.B. Ming, "Simultaneous cw red, yellow, and green light generation "traffic signal lights" by frequency doubling and sum-frequency mixing in an aperiodically poled LiTaO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 228-230 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Moloney, J. V.

Morse, T.F.

J.M. Battiato, T.F. Morse, and R.K. Kostuk "Dual wavelength common cavity codoped fiber laser," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 1251-1253 (1988).

Nagasawa, M.

Y. Kimura and M. Nagasawa, "Multiwavelength generation in a Nd3+ and Er3+ doubly doped fiber laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 188-190 (2001).

Nilsson, J.

Ogilvy, H.

Okhotnikov, O.G.

Pask, H.M.

Payne, D.N.

Peyghambarian, N.

Piper, J.A.

Polynkin, A.

Qiu, T.

Rusu, M.

Sahu, J.K.

D.Y. Shen, J.K. Sahu, and W.A. Clarkson, "Highly efficient Er Yb fiber laser with 188 W free running and >100W tunable output power," Opt. Express 30, 4916-4921 (2001).

Schülzgen, A.

Shen, D.Y.

D.Y. Shen, J.K. Sahu, and W.A. Clarkson, "Highly efficient Er Yb fiber laser with 188 W free running and >100W tunable output power," Opt. Express 30, 4916-4921 (2001).

Shirakawa, A.

Suzuki, S.

Temyanko, V.

Ueda, K.

Vienne, G.G.

Wang, H.T.

J.L. He, H. Liu, J. Du, F. Xu, H.T. Wang, S.N. Zhu, Y.Y. Zhu, and N.B. Ming, "Simultaneous cw red, yellow, and green light generation "traffic signal lights" by frequency doubling and sum-frequency mixing in an aperiodically poled LiTaO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 228-230 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Xu, F.

J.L. He, H. Liu, J. Du, F. Xu, H.T. Wang, S.N. Zhu, Y.Y. Zhu, and N.B. Ming, "Simultaneous cw red, yellow, and green light generation "traffic signal lights" by frequency doubling and sum-frequency mixing in an aperiodically poled LiTaO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 228-230 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, S.N.

J.L. He, H. Liu, J. Du, F. Xu, H.T. Wang, S.N. Zhu, Y.Y. Zhu, and N.B. Ming, "Simultaneous cw red, yellow, and green light generation "traffic signal lights" by frequency doubling and sum-frequency mixing in an aperiodically poled LiTaO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 228-230 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y.Y.

J.L. He, H. Liu, J. Du, F. Xu, H.T. Wang, S.N. Zhu, Y.Y. Zhu, and N.B. Ming, "Simultaneous cw red, yellow, and green light generation "traffic signal lights" by frequency doubling and sum-frequency mixing in an aperiodically poled LiTaO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 228-230 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

E.O. Amman, "Simultaneous stimulated Raman scattering and optical frequency mixing in lithium iodate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 838-840 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J.L. He, H. Liu, J. Du, F. Xu, H.T. Wang, S.N. Zhu, Y.Y. Zhu, and N.B. Ming, "Simultaneous cw red, yellow, and green light generation "traffic signal lights" by frequency doubling and sum-frequency mixing in an aperiodically poled LiTaO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 228-230 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kimura and M. Nagasawa, "Multiwavelength generation in a Nd3+ and Er3+ doubly doped fiber laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 188-190 (2001).

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.

J.M. Battiato, T.F. Morse, and R.K. Kostuk "Dual wavelength common cavity codoped fiber laser," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 1251-1253 (1988).

P.K. Cheo, G.G King, "Clad pumped, Yb-Er co-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 88-190 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

J. Nilsson, J.K. Sahu, Y. Jeong,W.A. Clarkson, R. Selvas, A.B. Grudinin, and S.U. Alam, "High power fiber lasers: new developments," in Advances in fiber device, L. NL. Durvasula, eds.,Proc. SPIE 4974, 50-58 (2003).
[CrossRef]

<jrn>. K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda,Y. Ishii and Takashi Handa, "Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass," J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430-3436 (1986).</jrn>
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Simplified model of energy levels in an Er/Yb laser.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Spectrum emitted transversally from the Er3+ /Yb3+ fiber under an excitation of 150mW at 906nm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Multi-wavelength laser set up; M1: Dichroic mirror, Tmax @ λp=980 nm and Rmax @ λ1=1.06 μm. M2 and M3: Mirrors Rmax @ λ1=1.06 μm, M4: Mirror Rmax @ λ2=1.55 μm. λ1, λ2, λ3, are respectively 1550nm, 1064nm, 631nm. Inset: Geometrical parameters and refractive index profile of the co-doped fiber.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(left) Emission spectrum of the dual wavelength co-doped Er/Yb fiber laser (right) Output powers at λ1 and λ2 versus pump power.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(Left) Calculated (red curve) and experimental phase matched wavelength λ1 for SFM with λ2 fixed to 1550nm versus the PPLN crystal temperature. (Right) Tunable measured visible spectrum in the red region at the PPLN output for λ1 and TPPLN variable, λ2 fixed to 1550nm

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Spectral power density measured at the PPLN crystal output.

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