Abstract

We demonstrate a noncollinear optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier system that produces 7.6 fs pulses with a peak power of 2 terawatt at 30 Hz repetition rate. Using an ultra-broadband Ti:Sapphire seed oscillator and grating-based stretching and compression combined with an LCD phase-shaper, we amplify a 310 nm wide spectrum with a total gain of 3×107, and compress it within 5% of its Fourier limit. The total integrated parametric fluorescence is kept below 0.2%, leading to a pre-pulse contrast of 2×10-8 on picosecond timescales.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  5. I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, "The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Opt. Commun. 144, 125-133 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  22. K. Osvay, M. Csatári, I. N. Ross, A. Persson, and C.-G. Wahlström, "On the temporal contrast of high intensity femtosecond laser pulses," Laser Part. Beams 23, 327-332 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (9)

A. Scrinzi, M. Yu. Ivanov, R. Kienberger, and D. M. Villeneuve, "Attosecond physics," J. Phys. B 39, R1-R37 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Lozhkarev, G. I. Freidman, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Mal’shakov,M. A. Martyanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A.M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, I. V. Yakovlev, S. G. Garanin, S. A. Sukharev, N. N. Rukavishnikov, A. V. Charukhchev, R. R. Gerke, and V. E. Yashin, "200 TW 45 fs laser based on optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Opt. Express 14, 446-454 (2006)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Fuji, N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, X. Gu, Th. Metzger, A. Baltuska, N. Forget, D. Kaplan, A. Galvanauskas, and F. Krausz, "Parametric amplification of few-cycle carrier-envelope phase-stable pulses at 2.1 μm," Opt. Lett. 31, 1103-1105 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Kraemer, R. Hua, M. L. Cowan, K. Franjic, and R. J. D. Miller, "Ultrafast noncollinear optical parametric chirped pulse amplification in KTiOAsO4," Opt. Lett. 31, 981-983 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. J. Verhoef, J. Seres, K. Schmid, Y. Nomura, G. Tempea, L. Veisz, and F. Krausz, "Compression of the pulses of a Ti:Sapphire laser system to 5 femtoseconds at 0.2 terawatt level," Appl. Phys. B 82, 513-517 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Sung, J. Y. Park, T. Imran, Y. S. Lee, C. H. Nam, "Generation of 0.2-TW 5.5-fs optical pulses at 1 kHz using a differentially pumped hollow-fiber chirped-mirror compressor," Appl. Phys. B 82, 5-8 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Stibenz, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, "Self-compression of millijoule pulses to 7.8 fs duration in a white-light filament," Opt. Lett. 31, 274-276 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Takada and K. Torizuka, "Design and construction of a TW-class 12-fs Ti:Sapphire chirped-pulse amplification system," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 201-212 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Vaughan, T. Feurer, K.W. Stone, and K. A. Nelson, "Analysis of replica pulses in femtosecond pulse shaping with pixelated devices," Opt. Express 14, 1314-1328 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (5)

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

X. Yang, Z. Xu, Z. Zhang, Y. Leng, J. Peng, J. Wang, S. Jin, W. Zhang, and R. Li, "Dependence of spectrum on pump-signal angle in BBO-I noncollinear optical-parametric chirped-pulse amplification," Appl. Phys. B 73, 219-222 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, "The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Opt. Commun. 144, 125-133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal," Opt. Commun. 88, 437-440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Allott, R. M.

Baltuska, A.

Brabec, T.

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, "Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics," Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545-591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Butkus, R.

Charukhchev, A. V.

Collier, J. L.

I. N. Ross, J. L. Collier, P. Matousek, C. N. Danson, D. Neely, R. M. Allott, D. A. Pepler, C. Hernandez-Gomez, and K. Osvay, "Generation of terawatt pulses by use of optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Appl. Opt. 39, 2422-2427 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, "The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Opt. Commun. 144, 125-133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cowan, M. L.

Csatári, M.

K. Osvay, M. Csatári, I. N. Ross, A. Persson, and C.-G. Wahlström, "On the temporal contrast of high intensity femtosecond laser pulses," Laser Part. Beams 23, 327-332 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Danielius, R.

Danson, C. N.

Divall, E. J.

Dubietis, A.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal," Opt. Commun. 88, 437-440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Eikema, K. S. E.

Feurer, T.

Forget, N.

Franjic, K.

Freidman, G. I.

Fuji, T.

Galvanauskas, A.

Garanin, S. G.

Gerke, R. R.

Ginzburg, V. N.

Gu, X.

Hernandez-Gomez, C.

Hogervorst, W.

Hua, R.

Iaconis, C.

Imran, T.

J. H. Sung, J. Y. Park, T. Imran, Y. S. Lee, C. H. Nam, "Generation of 0.2-TW 5.5-fs optical pulses at 1 kHz using a differentially pumped hollow-fiber chirped-mirror compressor," Appl. Phys. B 82, 5-8 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ishii, N.

Ivanov, M. Yu.

A. Scrinzi, M. Yu. Ivanov, R. Kienberger, and D. M. Villeneuve, "Attosecond physics," J. Phys. B 39, R1-R37 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jin, S.

X. Yang, Z. Xu, Z. Zhang, Y. Leng, J. Peng, J. Wang, S. Jin, W. Zhang, and R. Li, "Dependence of spectrum on pump-signal angle in BBO-I noncollinear optical-parametric chirped-pulse amplification," Appl. Phys. B 73, 219-222 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jonu?sauskas, G.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal," Opt. Commun. 88, 437-440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kaplan, D.

Katin, E. V.

Khazanov, E. A.

Kienberger, R.

A. Scrinzi, M. Yu. Ivanov, R. Kienberger, and D. M. Villeneuve, "Attosecond physics," J. Phys. B 39, R1-R37 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kirsanov, A. V.

Kraemer, D.

Krausz, F.

A. J. Verhoef, J. Seres, K. Schmid, Y. Nomura, G. Tempea, L. Veisz, and F. Krausz, "Compression of the pulses of a Ti:Sapphire laser system to 5 femtoseconds at 0.2 terawatt level," Appl. Phys. B 82, 513-517 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Fuji, N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, X. Gu, Th. Metzger, A. Baltuska, N. Forget, D. Kaplan, A. Galvanauskas, and F. Krausz, "Parametric amplification of few-cycle carrier-envelope phase-stable pulses at 2.1 μm," Opt. Lett. 31, 1103-1105 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Ishii, L. Turi, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Fuji, F. Krausz, A. Baltuska, R. Butkus, G. Veitas, V. Smilgevicius, R. Danielius, and A. Piskarskas, "Multimillijoule chirped parametric amplification of few-cycle pulses," Opt. Lett. 30, 567-569 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Tavella, K. Schmid, N. Ishii, A. Marcinkevičius, L. Veisz and F. Krausz, "High-dynamic range pulse-contrast measurements of a broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Appl. Phys. B 81, 753-756 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, "Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics," Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545-591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Langley, A. J.

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, "The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Opt. Commun. 144, 125-133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. S.

J. H. Sung, J. Y. Park, T. Imran, Y. S. Lee, C. H. Nam, "Generation of 0.2-TW 5.5-fs optical pulses at 1 kHz using a differentially pumped hollow-fiber chirped-mirror compressor," Appl. Phys. B 82, 5-8 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Leng, Y.

X. Yang, Z. Xu, Z. Zhang, Y. Leng, J. Peng, J. Wang, S. Jin, W. Zhang, and R. Li, "Dependence of spectrum on pump-signal angle in BBO-I noncollinear optical-parametric chirped-pulse amplification," Appl. Phys. B 73, 219-222 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Li, R.

X. Yang, Z. Xu, Z. Zhang, Y. Leng, J. Peng, J. Wang, S. Jin, W. Zhang, and R. Li, "Dependence of spectrum on pump-signal angle in BBO-I noncollinear optical-parametric chirped-pulse amplification," Appl. Phys. B 73, 219-222 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lozhkarev, V. V.

Luchinin, G. A.

Mal’shakov, A. N.

Marcinkevicius, A.

F. Tavella, K. Schmid, N. Ishii, A. Marcinkevičius, L. Veisz and F. Krausz, "High-dynamic range pulse-contrast measurements of a broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Appl. Phys. B 81, 753-756 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Martyanov, M. A.

Matousek, P.

Metzger, Th.

Miller, R. J. D.

Nam, C. H.

J. H. Sung, J. Y. Park, T. Imran, Y. S. Lee, C. H. Nam, "Generation of 0.2-TW 5.5-fs optical pulses at 1 kHz using a differentially pumped hollow-fiber chirped-mirror compressor," Appl. Phys. B 82, 5-8 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Neely, D.

Nelson, K. A.

New, G. H. C.

Nomura, Y.

A. J. Verhoef, J. Seres, K. Schmid, Y. Nomura, G. Tempea, L. Veisz, and F. Krausz, "Compression of the pulses of a Ti:Sapphire laser system to 5 femtoseconds at 0.2 terawatt level," Appl. Phys. B 82, 513-517 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Osvay, K.

Palashov, O. V.

Park, J. Y.

J. H. Sung, J. Y. Park, T. Imran, Y. S. Lee, C. H. Nam, "Generation of 0.2-TW 5.5-fs optical pulses at 1 kHz using a differentially pumped hollow-fiber chirped-mirror compressor," Appl. Phys. B 82, 5-8 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Peng, J.

X. Yang, Z. Xu, Z. Zhang, Y. Leng, J. Peng, J. Wang, S. Jin, W. Zhang, and R. Li, "Dependence of spectrum on pump-signal angle in BBO-I noncollinear optical-parametric chirped-pulse amplification," Appl. Phys. B 73, 219-222 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pepler, D. A.

Persson, A.

K. Osvay, M. Csatári, I. N. Ross, A. Persson, and C.-G. Wahlström, "On the temporal contrast of high intensity femtosecond laser pulses," Laser Part. Beams 23, 327-332 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Piskarskas, A.

N. Ishii, L. Turi, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Fuji, F. Krausz, A. Baltuska, R. Butkus, G. Veitas, V. Smilgevicius, R. Danielius, and A. Piskarskas, "Multimillijoule chirped parametric amplification of few-cycle pulses," Opt. Lett. 30, 567-569 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal," Opt. Commun. 88, 437-440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Poteomkin, A. K.

Ross, I. N.

Rukavishnikov, N. N.

Schmid, K.

A. J. Verhoef, J. Seres, K. Schmid, Y. Nomura, G. Tempea, L. Veisz, and F. Krausz, "Compression of the pulses of a Ti:Sapphire laser system to 5 femtoseconds at 0.2 terawatt level," Appl. Phys. B 82, 513-517 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Tavella, K. Schmid, N. Ishii, A. Marcinkevičius, L. Veisz and F. Krausz, "High-dynamic range pulse-contrast measurements of a broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Appl. Phys. B 81, 753-756 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Scrinzi, A.

A. Scrinzi, M. Yu. Ivanov, R. Kienberger, and D. M. Villeneuve, "Attosecond physics," J. Phys. B 39, R1-R37 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Seres, J.

A. J. Verhoef, J. Seres, K. Schmid, Y. Nomura, G. Tempea, L. Veisz, and F. Krausz, "Compression of the pulses of a Ti:Sapphire laser system to 5 femtoseconds at 0.2 terawatt level," Appl. Phys. B 82, 513-517 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sergeev, A.M.

Shaykin, A. A.

Smilgevicius, V.

Steinmeyer, G.

Stibenz, G.

Stone, K.W.

Sukharev, S. A.

Sung, J. H.

J. H. Sung, J. Y. Park, T. Imran, Y. S. Lee, C. H. Nam, "Generation of 0.2-TW 5.5-fs optical pulses at 1 kHz using a differentially pumped hollow-fiber chirped-mirror compressor," Appl. Phys. B 82, 5-8 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Takada, H.

H. Takada and K. Torizuka, "Design and construction of a TW-class 12-fs Ti:Sapphire chirped-pulse amplification system," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 201-212 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tavella, F.

F. Tavella, K. Schmid, N. Ishii, A. Marcinkevičius, L. Veisz and F. Krausz, "High-dynamic range pulse-contrast measurements of a broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Appl. Phys. B 81, 753-756 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Teisset, C. Y.

Tempea, G.

A. J. Verhoef, J. Seres, K. Schmid, Y. Nomura, G. Tempea, L. Veisz, and F. Krausz, "Compression of the pulses of a Ti:Sapphire laser system to 5 femtoseconds at 0.2 terawatt level," Appl. Phys. B 82, 513-517 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Torizuka, K.

H. Takada and K. Torizuka, "Design and construction of a TW-class 12-fs Ti:Sapphire chirped-pulse amplification system," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 201-212 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Towrie, M.

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, "The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Opt. Commun. 144, 125-133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Turi, L.

Vaughan, J. C.

Veisz, L.

A. J. Verhoef, J. Seres, K. Schmid, Y. Nomura, G. Tempea, L. Veisz, and F. Krausz, "Compression of the pulses of a Ti:Sapphire laser system to 5 femtoseconds at 0.2 terawatt level," Appl. Phys. B 82, 513-517 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Tavella, K. Schmid, N. Ishii, A. Marcinkevičius, L. Veisz and F. Krausz, "High-dynamic range pulse-contrast measurements of a broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Appl. Phys. B 81, 753-756 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Veitas, G.

Verhoef, A. J.

A. J. Verhoef, J. Seres, K. Schmid, Y. Nomura, G. Tempea, L. Veisz, and F. Krausz, "Compression of the pulses of a Ti:Sapphire laser system to 5 femtoseconds at 0.2 terawatt level," Appl. Phys. B 82, 513-517 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Villeneuve, D. M.

A. Scrinzi, M. Yu. Ivanov, R. Kienberger, and D. M. Villeneuve, "Attosecond physics," J. Phys. B 39, R1-R37 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wahlström, C.-G.

K. Osvay, M. Csatári, I. N. Ross, A. Persson, and C.-G. Wahlström, "On the temporal contrast of high intensity femtosecond laser pulses," Laser Part. Beams 23, 327-332 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Walmsley, I. A.

Wang, J.

X. Yang, Z. Xu, Z. Zhang, Y. Leng, J. Peng, J. Wang, S. Jin, W. Zhang, and R. Li, "Dependence of spectrum on pump-signal angle in BBO-I noncollinear optical-parametric chirped-pulse amplification," Appl. Phys. B 73, 219-222 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Witte, S.

Xu, Z.

X. Yang, Z. Xu, Z. Zhang, Y. Leng, J. Peng, J. Wang, S. Jin, W. Zhang, and R. Li, "Dependence of spectrum on pump-signal angle in BBO-I noncollinear optical-parametric chirped-pulse amplification," Appl. Phys. B 73, 219-222 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yakovlev, I. V.

Yakovlev, V. S.

Yang, X.

X. Yang, Z. Xu, Z. Zhang, Y. Leng, J. Peng, J. Wang, S. Jin, W. Zhang, and R. Li, "Dependence of spectrum on pump-signal angle in BBO-I noncollinear optical-parametric chirped-pulse amplification," Appl. Phys. B 73, 219-222 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yashin, V. E.

Zhang, W.

X. Yang, Z. Xu, Z. Zhang, Y. Leng, J. Peng, J. Wang, S. Jin, W. Zhang, and R. Li, "Dependence of spectrum on pump-signal angle in BBO-I noncollinear optical-parametric chirped-pulse amplification," Appl. Phys. B 73, 219-222 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z.

X. Yang, Z. Xu, Z. Zhang, Y. Leng, J. Peng, J. Wang, S. Jin, W. Zhang, and R. Li, "Dependence of spectrum on pump-signal angle in BBO-I noncollinear optical-parametric chirped-pulse amplification," Appl. Phys. B 73, 219-222 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhavoronkov, N.

Zinkstok, R. Th.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (4)

X. Yang, Z. Xu, Z. Zhang, Y. Leng, J. Peng, J. Wang, S. Jin, W. Zhang, and R. Li, "Dependence of spectrum on pump-signal angle in BBO-I noncollinear optical-parametric chirped-pulse amplification," Appl. Phys. B 73, 219-222 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Verhoef, J. Seres, K. Schmid, Y. Nomura, G. Tempea, L. Veisz, and F. Krausz, "Compression of the pulses of a Ti:Sapphire laser system to 5 femtoseconds at 0.2 terawatt level," Appl. Phys. B 82, 513-517 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Sung, J. Y. Park, T. Imran, Y. S. Lee, C. H. Nam, "Generation of 0.2-TW 5.5-fs optical pulses at 1 kHz using a differentially pumped hollow-fiber chirped-mirror compressor," Appl. Phys. B 82, 5-8 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Tavella, K. Schmid, N. Ishii, A. Marcinkevičius, L. Veisz and F. Krausz, "High-dynamic range pulse-contrast measurements of a broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier," Appl. Phys. B 81, 753-756 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. Takada and K. Torizuka, "Design and construction of a TW-class 12-fs Ti:Sapphire chirped-pulse amplification system," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 201-212 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. B (1)

A. Scrinzi, M. Yu. Ivanov, R. Kienberger, and D. M. Villeneuve, "Attosecond physics," J. Phys. B 39, R1-R37 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Laser Part. Beams (1)

K. Osvay, M. Csatári, I. N. Ross, A. Persson, and C.-G. Wahlström, "On the temporal contrast of high intensity femtosecond laser pulses," Laser Part. Beams 23, 327-332 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, "Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal," Opt. Commun. 88, 437-440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, "The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Opt. Commun. 144, 125-133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (7)

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, "Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses," Opt. Lett. 23, 792-794 (1998).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Divall and I. N. Ross, "High dynamic range contrast measurements by use of an optical parametric amplifier correlator," Opt. Lett. 29, 2273-2275 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Th. Zinkstok, S. Witte, W. Hogervorst, and K. S. E. Eikema, "High-power parametric amplification of 11.8-fs laser pulses with carrier-envelope phase control," Opt. Lett. 30, 78-80 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Stibenz, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, "Self-compression of millijoule pulses to 7.8 fs duration in a white-light filament," Opt. Lett. 31, 274-276 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Ishii, L. Turi, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Fuji, F. Krausz, A. Baltuska, R. Butkus, G. Veitas, V. Smilgevicius, R. Danielius, and A. Piskarskas, "Multimillijoule chirped parametric amplification of few-cycle pulses," Opt. Lett. 30, 567-569 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Fuji, N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, X. Gu, Th. Metzger, A. Baltuska, N. Forget, D. Kaplan, A. Galvanauskas, and F. Krausz, "Parametric amplification of few-cycle carrier-envelope phase-stable pulses at 2.1 μm," Opt. Lett. 31, 1103-1105 (2006).
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D. Kraemer, R. Hua, M. L. Cowan, K. Franjic, and R. J. D. Miller, "Ultrafast noncollinear optical parametric chirped pulse amplification in KTiOAsO4," Opt. Lett. 31, 981-983 (2006).
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T. Brabec and F. Krausz, "Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics," Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545-591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

<jrn>. H. Niikura, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, "Controlling vibrational wave packets with intense, few-cycle laser pulses," Phys. Rev. A 73, 021402(R) (2006).</jrn>
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the 2 TW, 7.6 fs NOPCPA system. G1: 600 l/mm grating, G2: 1200 l/mm grating, SLM: 640-element LCD spatial light modulator, VT: vacuum tube, RI: relay-imaging, RP: rotatable platform, SHG: crystal for second harmonic generation. The lenses L1 and L2 are drawn for simplicity, in practice only reflective optics are used in the seed beam path. See text for further details.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The oscillator spectrum (black curve), and the NOPCPA output after amplification to 30 mJ per pulse and subsequent pulse compression (red curve). FL: Fourier limit.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Beam profile of the pump laser in the power-amplifier stage. (b) Beam profile of the amplified OPA output beam in the power-amplifier stage. (c) Measured beam profile of the OPA output for various parts of the spectrum. All pictures were taken by relay-imaging the beam in the power-amplifier crystal onto a CCD camera. The red traces in (a) and (b) represent the beam profile across the center of the respective beams, averaged over 10 rows (or columns) of pixels.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) The spectral intensity (black curve), and spectral phase before (green curve) and after (red curve) adaptive pulse compression with the spatial light modulator. These spectral phase curves have been measured using SPIDER. (b) The reconstructed pulse intensity and phase in the time domain.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Uncorrected measurement (raw data) of the pulse contrast using an OPA correlator. A few spurious post-pulses can be seen (BS), caused by beamsplitters in the NOPCPA setup. The peak at 60 ps results from a double internal reflection in the first NOPCPA crystal. The fluorescence background peaks at the 10-6 level, but stays below 10-7 on the leading edge of the pulse. At times when there is no pump light present, the pulse contrast exceeds the detection limit. The height of the main pulse still needs to be corrected for the effects of pulse broadening in the OPAC: by taking this effect into account, the actual pre-pulse contrast is found to be better than 2 × 10-8.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

The influence of a pulse duration mismatch in the OPAC. Pump pulse duration Tp is (a) equal to the seed pulse duration Ts ; (b) longer than the seed pulse duration. In both (a) and (b) the red trace represents a short seed pulse on top of a long fluorescence background, while the blue trace represents the pump pulse. A comparison of (a) and (b) reveals that the use of a pump pulse which is longer than the seed pulse leads to a decrease of the measured contrast ratio between the main pulse and the fluorescence (note that all graphs have a linear scale).

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