Abstract

We propose a new method for generating flat self-phase modulation (SPM)-broadened spectra based on seeding a highly nonlinear fiber (HNLF) with chirp-free parabolic pulses generated using linear pulse shaping in a superstructured fiber Bragg grating (SSFBG). We show that the use of grating reshaped parabolic pulses allows substantially better performance in terms of the extent of SPM-based spectral broadening and flatness relative to conventional hyperbolic secant (sech) pulses. We demonstrate both numerically and experimentally the generation of SPM-broadened pulses centred at 1542 nm with 92% of the pulse energy remaining within the 29 nm 3 dB spectral bandwidth. Applications in spectra slicing and pulse compression are demonstrated.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. I. Hartl, X. D. Li, C. Chudoba, R. K. Ghanta, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, J. K. Ranka, and R. S. Windeler, "Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography using continuum generation in an air-silica microstructure optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 608-610 (2001).
  2. S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hanch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Takushima, and K. Kikuchi, "10-GHz, over 20-channel multiwavelength pulse source by slicing super-continuum spectrum generated in normal-dispersion fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 322-324 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, J. Fleming, F. DiMarcello, E. Monberg, A. Yablon, C. Jorgensen and T. Veng, "All-fiber, octave-spanning supercontinuum," Opt. Lett. 28, 643-645 (2003).
  5. D. Anderson, M. Desaix, M. Karlsson, M. Lisak, and M. L. Quiroga-Teixeiro, "Wave-breaking-free pulses in nonlinear-optical fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1185-1190 (1993).
  6. M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, "Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010-6013 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. Billet, J. M. Dudley, N. Joly, and J. C. Knight, "Intermediate asymptotic evolution and photonic bandgap fiber compression of optical similaritons around 1550 nm," Opt. Express 13, 3236-3241 (2005),
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Finot, G. Millot, C. Billet, and J. M. Dudley, "Experimental generation of parabolic pulses via Raman amplification in optical fiber," Opt. Express 11, 1547-1552 (2003).
  9. T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, "Parabolic pulse generation by use of a dispersion-decreasing fiber with normal group-velocity dispersion," Opt. Lett. 29, 498-500 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, "Pulse Retiming Based on XPM Using Parabolic Pulses Formed in a Fiber Bragg Grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 829-831 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. Finot, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, "Parabolic pulse evolution in normally dispersive fiber amplifiers preceding the similariton formation regime," Opt. Express 14, 3161-3170 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. B. C. Thomsen, M. A. F. Roelens, R. T. Watts, D. J. Richardson, "Comparison between nonlinear and linear spectrographic techniques for the complete characterization of high bit-rate pulses used in optical communications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1914-1916 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. Dorrer and I. Kang, "Simultaneous temporal characterization of telecommunication optical pulses and modulators by use of spectrograms," Opt. Lett. 27, 1315-1317 (2002)

2006 (2)

F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, "Pulse Retiming Based on XPM Using Parabolic Pulses Formed in a Fiber Bragg Grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 829-831 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Finot, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, "Parabolic pulse evolution in normally dispersive fiber amplifiers preceding the similariton formation regime," Opt. Express 14, 3161-3170 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

B. C. Thomsen, M. A. F. Roelens, R. T. Watts, D. J. Richardson, "Comparison between nonlinear and linear spectrographic techniques for the complete characterization of high bit-rate pulses used in optical communications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1914-1916 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Billet, J. M. Dudley, N. Joly, and J. C. Knight, "Intermediate asymptotic evolution and photonic bandgap fiber compression of optical similaritons around 1550 nm," Opt. Express 13, 3236-3241 (2005),
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

2000 (2)

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hanch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, "Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010-6013 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

Y. Takushima, and K. Kikuchi, "10-GHz, over 20-channel multiwavelength pulse source by slicing super-continuum spectrum generated in normal-dispersion fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 322-324 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

Anderson, D.

Billet, C.

Chudoba, C.

Cundiff, T.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hanch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Desaix, M.

Diddams, S. A.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hanch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef]

DiMarcello, F.

Dorrer, C.

Dudley, J. M.

Fermann, M. E.

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, "Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010-6013 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Finot, C.

Fleming, J.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Ghanta, R. K.

Hall, J. L.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hanch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hanch, T. W.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hanch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hartl, I.

Harvey, J. D.

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, "Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010-6013 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hirooka, T.

Holzwarth, R.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hanch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ibsen, M.

F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, "Pulse Retiming Based on XPM Using Parabolic Pulses Formed in a Fiber Bragg Grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 829-831 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Joly, N.

Jones, D. J.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hanch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jorgensen, C.

Kang, I.

Karlsson, M.

Kikuchi, K.

Y. Takushima, and K. Kikuchi, "10-GHz, over 20-channel multiwavelength pulse source by slicing super-continuum spectrum generated in normal-dispersion fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 322-324 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

Ko, T. H.

Kruglov, V. I.

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, "Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010-6013 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Li, X. D.

Lisak, M.

Millot, G.

Monberg, E.

Nakazawa, M.

Nicholson, J. W.

Parmigiani, F.

C. Finot, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, "Parabolic pulse evolution in normally dispersive fiber amplifiers preceding the similariton formation regime," Opt. Express 14, 3161-3170 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, "Pulse Retiming Based on XPM Using Parabolic Pulses Formed in a Fiber Bragg Grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 829-831 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Petropoulos, P.

F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, "Pulse Retiming Based on XPM Using Parabolic Pulses Formed in a Fiber Bragg Grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 829-831 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Finot, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, "Parabolic pulse evolution in normally dispersive fiber amplifiers preceding the similariton formation regime," Opt. Express 14, 3161-3170 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Quiroga-Teixeiro, M. L.

Ranka, J. K.

I. Hartl, X. D. Li, C. Chudoba, R. K. Ghanta, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, J. K. Ranka, and R. S. Windeler, "Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography using continuum generation in an air-silica microstructure optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 608-610 (2001).

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hanch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, "Pulse Retiming Based on XPM Using Parabolic Pulses Formed in a Fiber Bragg Grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 829-831 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Finot, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, "Parabolic pulse evolution in normally dispersive fiber amplifiers preceding the similariton formation regime," Opt. Express 14, 3161-3170 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Thomsen, M. A. F. Roelens, R. T. Watts, D. J. Richardson, "Comparison between nonlinear and linear spectrographic techniques for the complete characterization of high bit-rate pulses used in optical communications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1914-1916 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Roelens, M. A. F.

B. C. Thomsen, M. A. F. Roelens, R. T. Watts, D. J. Richardson, "Comparison between nonlinear and linear spectrographic techniques for the complete characterization of high bit-rate pulses used in optical communications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1914-1916 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Takushima, Y.

Y. Takushima, and K. Kikuchi, "10-GHz, over 20-channel multiwavelength pulse source by slicing super-continuum spectrum generated in normal-dispersion fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 322-324 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Thomsen, B. C.

B. C. Thomsen, M. A. F. Roelens, R. T. Watts, D. J. Richardson, "Comparison between nonlinear and linear spectrographic techniques for the complete characterization of high bit-rate pulses used in optical communications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1914-1916 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, "Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010-6013 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Udem, T.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hanch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Veng, T.

Watts, R. T.

B. C. Thomsen, M. A. F. Roelens, R. T. Watts, D. J. Richardson, "Comparison between nonlinear and linear spectrographic techniques for the complete characterization of high bit-rate pulses used in optical communications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1914-1916 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

I. Hartl, X. D. Li, C. Chudoba, R. K. Ghanta, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, J. K. Ranka, and R. S. Windeler, "Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography using continuum generation in an air-silica microstructure optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 608-610 (2001).

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hanch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wisk, P.

Yablon, A.

Yan, M. F.

Ye, J.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hanch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

Y. Takushima, and K. Kikuchi, "10-GHz, over 20-channel multiwavelength pulse source by slicing super-continuum spectrum generated in normal-dispersion fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 322-324 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, "Pulse Retiming Based on XPM Using Parabolic Pulses Formed in a Fiber Bragg Grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 829-831 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Thomsen, M. A. F. Roelens, R. T. Watts, D. J. Richardson, "Comparison between nonlinear and linear spectrographic techniques for the complete characterization of high bit-rate pulses used in optical communications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1914-1916 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, T. Cundiff, J. L. Hall, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T. W. Hanch, "Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300 THz femtosecond laser comb," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102-5105 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, "Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010-6013 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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