Abstract

Slow-light delay via stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) in optical fibers is usually achieved with delay-dependent amplification that degrades system performance. To address this problem, we propose a SBS slow-light method that makes use of two widely separated anti-Stokes absorption resonances, and achieve nearly transparent slow light in an optical fiber. We demonstrate the method in a highly nonlinear optical fiber, and achieve a slow-light bandwidth of ~150 MHz and a relative of delay of ~0.3 for ~9-ns pulses with a signal attenuation of ~4.8 dB.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  4. R. W. Boyd, D. J. Gauthier, and A. L. Gaeta, "Applications of slow-light in telecommunications," Optics & Photonics News, 19-23, April 2006.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  7. A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, "Observation of ultraslow and stored light pulses in a solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, "Observation of ultraslow light propagation in a ruby crystal at room temperature," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113903 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. D. Dahan and G. Eisenstein, "Tunable all optical delay via slow and fast light propagation in a Raman assisted fiber optical parametric amplifier: a route to all optical buffering," Opt. Express 13, 6234-6249 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. H. Tanaka, H. Niwa, K. Hayami, S. Furue, K. Nakayama, T. Kohmoto, M. Kunitomo, and Y. Fukuda, "Propagation of optical pulses in a resonantly absorbing medium: Observation of negative velocity in Rb vapor," Phys. Rev. A 68, 053801 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  22. R. M. Camacho, M. V. Pack, and J. C. Howell, "Low-distortion slow light using two absorption resonances," Phys. Rev. A 73, 063812 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  24. M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Zhu, A. M. C. Dawes, and D. J. Gauthier, "Distortion management in slow-light pulse delay," Opt. Express 13, 9995-10002 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and A. E. Willner, "Numerical study of all-optical slow-light delays via stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2378-2384 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  26. R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, and D. J. Gauthier, "Maximizing the opening of eye diagrams for slow-light systems," submitted for publication, 2006.
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    [CrossRef]
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2006 (5)

D. J. Gauthier, A. L. Gaeta, and R. W. Boyd, "Slow Light: From basics to future prospects," Photonics Spectra, 44-50, March 2006.

M. G. Herráez, K. Y. Song, and L. Thévenaz, "Arbitrary-bandwidth Brillouin slow light in optical fibers," Opt. Express 14, 1395-1400 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Okawachi, M. Foster, J. Sharping, A. Gaeta, Q. Xu, and M. Lipson, "All-optical slow-light on a photonic chip," Opt. Express 14, 2317-2322 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. M. Camacho, M. V. Pack, and J. C. Howell, "Low-distortion slow light using two absorption resonances," Phys. Rev. A 73, 063812 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Macke and B. Segard, "Pulse normalization in slow-light media," Phys. Rev. A 73, 043802 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (12)

M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Zhu, A. M. C. Dawes, and D. J. Gauthier, "Distortion management in slow-light pulse delay," Opt. Express 13, 9995-10002 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and A. E. Willner, "Numerical study of all-optical slow-light delays via stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2378-2384 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Sharping, Y. Okawachi, and A. L. Gaeta, "Wide bandwidth slow light using a Raman fiber amplifier," Opt. Express 13, 6092-6098 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Dahan and G. Eisenstein, "Tunable all optical delay via slow and fast light propagation in a Raman assisted fiber optical parametric amplifier: a route to all optical buffering," Opt. Express 13, 6234-6249 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Gauthier, "Slow light brings faster communication," Phys. World 18, 30-32, December 2005.

X. Zhao, P. Palinginis, B. Pesala, C. Chang-Hasnain, and P. Hemmer, "Tunable ultraslow light in vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser amplifier," Opt. Express 13, 7899-7904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, "Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Y. Song, M. G. Herráez, and L. Thévenaz, "Observation of pulse delaying and advancement in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering," Opt. Express 13, 82-88 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Y. Song, M. G. Herráez, and L. Thévenaz, "Long optically controlled delays in optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 30, 1782-1784 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. G. Herráez, K. Y. Song, and L. Thévenaz, " Optically controlled slow and fast light in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 081113 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, "Observation of ultraslow light propagation in a ruby crystal at room temperature," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113903 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Tanaka, H. Niwa, K. Hayami, S. Furue, K. Nakayama, T. Kohmoto, M. Kunitomo, and Y. Fukuda, "Propagation of optical pulses in a resonantly absorbing medium: Observation of negative velocity in Rb vapor," Phys. Rev. A 68, 053801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, "Observation of ultraslow and stored light pulses in a solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 meters per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

M. Nikles, L. Th´evenaz, and P. A. Robert, "Brillouin gain spectrum characterization in single-mode optical fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1842-1851 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Behroozi, C. H.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 meters per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bigelow, M. S.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, "Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, "Observation of ultraslow light propagation in a ruby crystal at room temperature," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113903 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bogaerts, W.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boyd, R. W.

D. J. Gauthier, A. L. Gaeta, and R. W. Boyd, "Slow Light: From basics to future prospects," Photonics Spectra, 44-50, March 2006.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, "Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and A. E. Willner, "Numerical study of all-optical slow-light delays via stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2378-2384 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, "Observation of ultraslow light propagation in a ruby crystal at room temperature," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113903 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Camacho, R. M.

R. M. Camacho, M. V. Pack, and J. C. Howell, "Low-distortion slow light using two absorption resonances," Phys. Rev. A 73, 063812 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chang, S.-W.

Chang-Hasnain, C.

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

Chuang, S.-L.

Dahan, D.

Dawes, A. M. C.

Dutton, Z.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 meters per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Eisenstein, G.

Engelen, R. J. P.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Foster, M.

Fry, E. S.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fukuda, Y.

H. Tanaka, H. Niwa, K. Hayami, S. Furue, K. Nakayama, T. Kohmoto, M. Kunitomo, and Y. Fukuda, "Propagation of optical pulses in a resonantly absorbing medium: Observation of negative velocity in Rb vapor," Phys. Rev. A 68, 053801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Furue, S.

H. Tanaka, H. Niwa, K. Hayami, S. Furue, K. Nakayama, T. Kohmoto, M. Kunitomo, and Y. Fukuda, "Propagation of optical pulses in a resonantly absorbing medium: Observation of negative velocity in Rb vapor," Phys. Rev. A 68, 053801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A.

Gaeta, A. L.

D. J. Gauthier, A. L. Gaeta, and R. W. Boyd, "Slow Light: From basics to future prospects," Photonics Spectra, 44-50, March 2006.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, "Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and A. E. Willner, "Numerical study of all-optical slow-light delays via stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2378-2384 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Sharping, Y. Okawachi, and A. L. Gaeta, "Wide bandwidth slow light using a Raman fiber amplifier," Opt. Express 13, 6092-6098 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gauthier, D.

D. Gauthier, "Slow light brings faster communication," Phys. World 18, 30-32, December 2005.

Gauthier, D. J.

D. J. Gauthier, A. L. Gaeta, and R. W. Boyd, "Slow Light: From basics to future prospects," Photonics Spectra, 44-50, March 2006.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, "Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and A. E. Willner, "Numerical study of all-optical slow-light delays via stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2378-2384 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Zhu, A. M. C. Dawes, and D. J. Gauthier, "Distortion management in slow-light pulse delay," Opt. Express 13, 9995-10002 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gersen, H.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ham, B. S.

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, "Observation of ultraslow and stored light pulses in a solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hamann, H. F.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harris, S. E.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 meters per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hau, L. V.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 meters per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hayami, K.

H. Tanaka, H. Niwa, K. Hayami, S. Furue, K. Nakayama, T. Kohmoto, M. Kunitomo, and Y. Fukuda, "Propagation of optical pulses in a resonantly absorbing medium: Observation of negative velocity in Rb vapor," Phys. Rev. A 68, 053801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hemmer, P.

Hemmer, P. R.

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, "Observation of ultraslow and stored light pulses in a solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herráez, M. G.

Hollberg, L.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Howell, J. C.

R. M. Camacho, M. V. Pack, and J. C. Howell, "Low-distortion slow light using two absorption resonances," Phys. Rev. A 73, 063812 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Karle, T. J.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kash, M. M.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kohmoto, T.

H. Tanaka, H. Niwa, K. Hayami, S. Furue, K. Nakayama, T. Kohmoto, M. Kunitomo, and Y. Fukuda, "Propagation of optical pulses in a resonantly absorbing medium: Observation of negative velocity in Rb vapor," Phys. Rev. A 68, 053801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Korterik, J. P.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krauss, T. F.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ku, P.-C.

Kuipers, L.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kunitomo, M.

H. Tanaka, H. Niwa, K. Hayami, S. Furue, K. Nakayama, T. Kohmoto, M. Kunitomo, and Y. Fukuda, "Propagation of optical pulses in a resonantly absorbing medium: Observation of negative velocity in Rb vapor," Phys. Rev. A 68, 053801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lepeshkin, N. N.

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, "Observation of ultraslow light propagation in a ruby crystal at room temperature," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113903 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, T.

Lipson, M.

Lukin, M. D.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Macke, B.

B. Macke and B. Segard, "Pulse normalization in slow-light media," Phys. Rev. A 73, 043802 (2006).
[CrossRef]

McNab, S. J.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Musser, J. A.

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, "Observation of ultraslow and stored light pulses in a solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nakayama, K.

H. Tanaka, H. Niwa, K. Hayami, S. Furue, K. Nakayama, T. Kohmoto, M. Kunitomo, and Y. Fukuda, "Propagation of optical pulses in a resonantly absorbing medium: Observation of negative velocity in Rb vapor," Phys. Rev. A 68, 053801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Neifeld, M. A.

Nikles, M.

M. Nikles, L. Th´evenaz, and P. A. Robert, "Brillouin gain spectrum characterization in single-mode optical fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1842-1851 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Niwa, H.

H. Tanaka, H. Niwa, K. Hayami, S. Furue, K. Nakayama, T. Kohmoto, M. Kunitomo, and Y. Fukuda, "Propagation of optical pulses in a resonantly absorbing medium: Observation of negative velocity in Rb vapor," Phys. Rev. A 68, 053801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

O’Boyle, M.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okawachi, Y.

Pack, M. V.

R. M. Camacho, M. V. Pack, and J. C. Howell, "Low-distortion slow light using two absorption resonances," Phys. Rev. A 73, 063812 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Palinginis, P.

Pesala, B.

Robert, P. A.

M. Nikles, L. Th´evenaz, and P. A. Robert, "Brillouin gain spectrum characterization in single-mode optical fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1842-1851 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rostovtsev, Y.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sautenkov, V. A.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schweinsberg, A.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, "Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scully, M. O.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sedgwick, F.

Segard, B.

B. Macke and B. Segard, "Pulse normalization in slow-light media," Phys. Rev. A 73, 043802 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shahriar, M. S.

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, "Observation of ultraslow and stored light pulses in a solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sharping, J.

Sharping, J. E.

Song, K. Y.

Stenner, M. D.

Sudarshanam, V. S.

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, "Observation of ultraslow and stored light pulses in a solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tanaka, H.

H. Tanaka, H. Niwa, K. Hayami, S. Furue, K. Nakayama, T. Kohmoto, M. Kunitomo, and Y. Fukuda, "Propagation of optical pulses in a resonantly absorbing medium: Observation of negative velocity in Rb vapor," Phys. Rev. A 68, 053801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Th´evenaz, L.

M. Nikles, L. Th´evenaz, and P. A. Robert, "Brillouin gain spectrum characterization in single-mode optical fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1842-1851 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Thévenaz, L.

Turukhin, A. V.

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, "Observation of ultraslow and stored light pulses in a solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Hulst, N. F.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vlasov, Y. A.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, H.

Welch, G. R.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

Xu, Q.

Zhao, X.

Zhu, Z.

Zibrov, A. S.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. G. Herráez, K. Y. Song, and L. Thévenaz, " Optically controlled slow and fast light in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 081113 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

M. Nikles, L. Th´evenaz, and P. A. Robert, "Brillouin gain spectrum characterization in single-mode optical fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1842-1851 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature (2)

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 meters per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397, 594 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (7)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Photonics Spectra (1)

D. J. Gauthier, A. L. Gaeta, and R. W. Boyd, "Slow Light: From basics to future prospects," Photonics Spectra, 44-50, March 2006.

Phys. Rev. A (3)

B. Macke and B. Segard, "Pulse normalization in slow-light media," Phys. Rev. A 73, 043802 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Tanaka, H. Niwa, K. Hayami, S. Furue, K. Nakayama, T. Kohmoto, M. Kunitomo, and Y. Fukuda, "Propagation of optical pulses in a resonantly absorbing medium: Observation of negative velocity in Rb vapor," Phys. Rev. A 68, 053801 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Camacho, M. V. Pack, and J. C. Howell, "Low-distortion slow light using two absorption resonances," Phys. Rev. A 73, 063812 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, "Observation of ultraslow and stored light pulses in a solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, "Observation of ultraslow light propagation in a ruby crystal at room temperature," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113903 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, "Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. World (1)

D. Gauthier, "Slow light brings faster communication," Phys. World 18, 30-32, December 2005.

Other (5)

R. W. Boyd and D. J. Gauthier, in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, Ed. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2002), Vol. 43, Ch. 6, pp. 497-530.

R. W. Boyd, D. J. Gauthier, and A. L. Gaeta, "Applications of slow-light in telecommunications," Optics & Photonics News, 19-23, April 2006.

R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, and D. J. Gauthier, "Maximizing the opening of eye diagrams for slow-light systems," submitted for publication, 2006.

Z. Zhu, A. M. C. Dawes, D. J. Gauthier, L. Zhang, and A. E. Willner, "12-GHz-bandwidth SBS slow light in optical fibers," Optical Fiber Conference 2006, paper PDP1.

Z. Zhu, A. M. C. Dawes, D. J. Gauthier, L. Zhang, and A. E. Willner, "Broadband SBS slow light in an optical fiber," submitted to J. Lightwave Technol. (2006).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Refractive index (b) absorption coefficient and (c) slow light bandwidth for the absorption doublet. In (a) and (b), Δ = 3γ. The slow light bandwidth (FWHM) B is determined from the absorption spectrum as illustrated in (b).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Delay-bandwidth product as a function of the line separation for the absorption-doublet slow-light method. (b) Comparison in signal pulse power variations between the gain-singlet and the absorption-doublet slow light at the same delay and bandwidth.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experiment setup based on two anti-Stokes absorption lines in an optical fiber via stimulated Brillouin scattering. TL1, TL2: tunable lasers; IS1, IS2: isolators; FPC1, FPC2, FPC3: fiber polarization controllers; MZM1, MZM2: Mach-Zehnder modulators; FG1, FG2: function generators; EDFA: Erbium-doped fiber amplifier; C1, C2: circulators.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Experimental results with two anti-Stokes absorption lines. Each line has a linewidth of 2γ/2π = 50 MHz and the line separation is 2Δ/2π = 200 MHz. (a),(c),(e): Traces of delayed (shown in red) and un-delayed (show in blue) signal pulses at a pump power of 5 dBm, 10 dBm, and 13 dBm, respectively; (b), (d), (f): Power absorption spectra measured with a CW signal beam at the corresponding pump powers.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Pulse delay, (b) power transmittivity, and (c) pulse broadening as a function of the pump power. The data points shown in squares are obtained by Gaussian fitting the pulses traces in Fig. 4. The data points shown in circles are the zero-detuning transmittivity from Fig. 4. The solid line in (a) is a line fit of the measured delay as a function the pump power, which provides a parameter to obtain the theoretical resuts of transmittivity and pulse broadening that are shown in (b) and (c) as solid curves.

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

χ = i cn 0 α 0 ω [ 1 1 i ( δ + Δ ) γ + [ 1 1 i ( δ Δ ) γ ] ,
n ( δ ) = n 0 + 1 2 n 0 χ = n 0 + i c α 0 [ 1 1 i ( δ + Δ ) γ + [ 1 1 i ( δ Δ ) γ ] .
α ( δ ) = ω c lm ( χ n 0 ) = α 0 [ 1 1 + i ( δ + Δ ) 2 γ 2 + [ 1 1 + i ( δ Δ ) 2 γ 2 ] .
T del = L c ( n g n 0 ) = α 0 L γ ( Δ γ ) 2 1 [ 1 + ( Δ γ ) 2 ] 2 ,
T del = A 0 2 γ ( Δ γ ) 2 1 ( Δ γ ) 2 + 1 .
G 0 A 0 = B 2 γ ( Δ γ ) 2 1 ( Δ γ ) 2 + 1 .
τ out = [ τ in 2 + A 0 γ 2 3 ( Δ γ ) 2 1 [ 1 + ( Δ γ ) 2 ] 2 ] 1 2 .

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