Abstract

We characterize the ability of Gaussian and Bessel beams to guide water, ethanol and dodecane aerosol droplets. Droplets produced from a nebuliser source are trapped using radiation pressure and then by varying the beam power are controllably guided in a vertical direction. The use of a zeroth-order Bessel beam, which has a non-diffracting thin core, is shown to improve guiding distances over a comparable Gaussian beam by more than three times with guiding distances of up to 2.75mm for dodecane droplets. We discuss the applications for this work in the context of tools for optically manipulating airborne particles.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. Ashkin, "Acceleration and trapping of particles by radiation pressure," Phys. Rev. Lett. 24,156-159 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  2. E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, and D. E. Pritchard, "Trapping of neutral sodium Atoms with radiation pressure," Phys. Rev. Lett.,  59, 2631-2634 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, J. E. Bjorkholm and S. Chu. "Observation of a single-beam gradient force optical trap for dielectric particles," Opt. Lett. 11,288-290 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. Ashkin, and J. M. Dziedzic, "Observation of resonances in the radiation pressure on Dielectric Spheres," Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 1351-1354 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Ashkin and J. M. Dziedzic, "Optical levitation of liquid drops by radiation pressure," Science 187,1073-1075 (1975)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A Ashkin and J. M. Dziedzic, "Feedback Stablization of optically levitated particles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 202-204 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. Omori, T. Kobayashi and A. Suzuki, "Observation of a single beam gradient-force optical trap for dielectric particles in air," Opt. Lett. 22, 816-818 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. N. Magome, M. I. Kohira, E. Hayata, S. Mukai and K. Yoshikawa, "Optical trapping of a growing water droplet in air," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 3988-3990 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. D. King, K. C. Thompson and A. D. Ward, "Laser tweezers Raman study of optically trapped aerosol droplets of seawater and Oleic acid reacting with ozone: Implications for cloud-droplet properties," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 16710-16711 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. R. J. Hopkins, L. Mitchem, A. D. Ward and J. P. Reid, "Control and characterisation of a single aerosol droplet in a single-beam gradient-force optical trap," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6, 4924-4927 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Durnin, J. J. Meceli and J. H. Eberly, "Diffraction-free beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499-1501 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. D. McGloin and K. Dholakia, "Bessel beams: Diffraction in a new light," Contemp. Phys. 46,15-28 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. Symes, R. M. Sayer, and J. P. Reid, "Cavity enhanced droplet spectroscopy: Principles, perspectives and prospects," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6, 474-487 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. V. Garcés-Chávez, D. Roskey, M. D. Summers, H. Melville, D. McGloin, E. M. Wright and K. Dholakia, "Optical levitation in a Bessel light beam," Appl. Phys. Lett. 854001-4003 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. Arlt, V. Garces-Chavez, W. Sibbett and K. Dholakia "Optical micro-manipulation using a Bessel light beam," Opt. Commun. 197, 239-245 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  16. D. McGloin, A. E. Carruthers, K. Dholakia and E. M. Wright, "Optically bound microscopic particles in one dimension," Phys. Rev. E 69, 021403 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2005

D. McGloin and K. Dholakia, "Bessel beams: Diffraction in a new light," Contemp. Phys. 46,15-28 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

R. Symes, R. M. Sayer, and J. P. Reid, "Cavity enhanced droplet spectroscopy: Principles, perspectives and prospects," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6, 474-487 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. Roskey, M. D. Summers, H. Melville, D. McGloin, E. M. Wright and K. Dholakia, "Optical levitation in a Bessel light beam," Appl. Phys. Lett. 854001-4003 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. D. King, K. C. Thompson and A. D. Ward, "Laser tweezers Raman study of optically trapped aerosol droplets of seawater and Oleic acid reacting with ozone: Implications for cloud-droplet properties," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 16710-16711 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Hopkins, L. Mitchem, A. D. Ward and J. P. Reid, "Control and characterisation of a single aerosol droplet in a single-beam gradient-force optical trap," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6, 4924-4927 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. McGloin, A. E. Carruthers, K. Dholakia and E. M. Wright, "Optically bound microscopic particles in one dimension," Phys. Rev. E 69, 021403 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

N. Magome, M. I. Kohira, E. Hayata, S. Mukai and K. Yoshikawa, "Optical trapping of a growing water droplet in air," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 3988-3990 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001

J. Arlt, V. Garces-Chavez, W. Sibbett and K. Dholakia "Optical micro-manipulation using a Bessel light beam," Opt. Commun. 197, 239-245 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997

1987

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, and D. E. Pritchard, "Trapping of neutral sodium Atoms with radiation pressure," Phys. Rev. Lett.,  59, 2631-2634 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Durnin, J. J. Meceli and J. H. Eberly, "Diffraction-free beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499-1501 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986

1977

A. Ashkin, and J. M. Dziedzic, "Observation of resonances in the radiation pressure on Dielectric Spheres," Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 1351-1354 (1977).
[CrossRef]

A Ashkin and J. M. Dziedzic, "Feedback Stablization of optically levitated particles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 202-204 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1975

A. Ashkin and J. M. Dziedzic, "Optical levitation of liquid drops by radiation pressure," Science 187,1073-1075 (1975)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1970

A. Ashkin, "Acceleration and trapping of particles by radiation pressure," Phys. Rev. Lett. 24,156-159 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Arlt, J.

J. Arlt, V. Garces-Chavez, W. Sibbett and K. Dholakia "Optical micro-manipulation using a Bessel light beam," Opt. Commun. 197, 239-245 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ashkin, A

A Ashkin and J. M. Dziedzic, "Feedback Stablization of optically levitated particles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 202-204 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Ashkin, A.

A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, J. E. Bjorkholm and S. Chu. "Observation of a single-beam gradient force optical trap for dielectric particles," Opt. Lett. 11,288-290 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ashkin, and J. M. Dziedzic, "Observation of resonances in the radiation pressure on Dielectric Spheres," Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 1351-1354 (1977).
[CrossRef]

A. Ashkin and J. M. Dziedzic, "Optical levitation of liquid drops by radiation pressure," Science 187,1073-1075 (1975)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ashkin, "Acceleration and trapping of particles by radiation pressure," Phys. Rev. Lett. 24,156-159 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Bjorkholm, J. E.

Cable, A.

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, and D. E. Pritchard, "Trapping of neutral sodium Atoms with radiation pressure," Phys. Rev. Lett.,  59, 2631-2634 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carruthers, A. E.

D. McGloin, A. E. Carruthers, K. Dholakia and E. M. Wright, "Optically bound microscopic particles in one dimension," Phys. Rev. E 69, 021403 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S.

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, and D. E. Pritchard, "Trapping of neutral sodium Atoms with radiation pressure," Phys. Rev. Lett.,  59, 2631-2634 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, J. E. Bjorkholm and S. Chu. "Observation of a single-beam gradient force optical trap for dielectric particles," Opt. Lett. 11,288-290 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dholakia, K.

D. McGloin and K. Dholakia, "Bessel beams: Diffraction in a new light," Contemp. Phys. 46,15-28 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. McGloin, A. E. Carruthers, K. Dholakia and E. M. Wright, "Optically bound microscopic particles in one dimension," Phys. Rev. E 69, 021403 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. Roskey, M. D. Summers, H. Melville, D. McGloin, E. M. Wright and K. Dholakia, "Optical levitation in a Bessel light beam," Appl. Phys. Lett. 854001-4003 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Arlt, V. Garces-Chavez, W. Sibbett and K. Dholakia "Optical micro-manipulation using a Bessel light beam," Opt. Commun. 197, 239-245 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Durnin, J.

J. Durnin, J. J. Meceli and J. H. Eberly, "Diffraction-free beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499-1501 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dziedzic, J. M.

A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, J. E. Bjorkholm and S. Chu. "Observation of a single-beam gradient force optical trap for dielectric particles," Opt. Lett. 11,288-290 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ashkin, and J. M. Dziedzic, "Observation of resonances in the radiation pressure on Dielectric Spheres," Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 1351-1354 (1977).
[CrossRef]

A Ashkin and J. M. Dziedzic, "Feedback Stablization of optically levitated particles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 202-204 (1977).
[CrossRef]

A. Ashkin and J. M. Dziedzic, "Optical levitation of liquid drops by radiation pressure," Science 187,1073-1075 (1975)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eberly, J. H.

J. Durnin, J. J. Meceli and J. H. Eberly, "Diffraction-free beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499-1501 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garces-Chavez, V.

J. Arlt, V. Garces-Chavez, W. Sibbett and K. Dholakia "Optical micro-manipulation using a Bessel light beam," Opt. Commun. 197, 239-245 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Garcés-Chávez, V.

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. Roskey, M. D. Summers, H. Melville, D. McGloin, E. M. Wright and K. Dholakia, "Optical levitation in a Bessel light beam," Appl. Phys. Lett. 854001-4003 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hayata, E.

N. Magome, M. I. Kohira, E. Hayata, S. Mukai and K. Yoshikawa, "Optical trapping of a growing water droplet in air," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 3988-3990 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hopkins, R. J.

R. J. Hopkins, L. Mitchem, A. D. Ward and J. P. Reid, "Control and characterisation of a single aerosol droplet in a single-beam gradient-force optical trap," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6, 4924-4927 (2004).
[CrossRef]

King, M. D.

M. D. King, K. C. Thompson and A. D. Ward, "Laser tweezers Raman study of optically trapped aerosol droplets of seawater and Oleic acid reacting with ozone: Implications for cloud-droplet properties," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 16710-16711 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kobayashi, T.

Kohira, M. I.

N. Magome, M. I. Kohira, E. Hayata, S. Mukai and K. Yoshikawa, "Optical trapping of a growing water droplet in air," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 3988-3990 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Magome, N.

N. Magome, M. I. Kohira, E. Hayata, S. Mukai and K. Yoshikawa, "Optical trapping of a growing water droplet in air," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 3988-3990 (2003).
[CrossRef]

McGloin, D.

D. McGloin and K. Dholakia, "Bessel beams: Diffraction in a new light," Contemp. Phys. 46,15-28 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. Roskey, M. D. Summers, H. Melville, D. McGloin, E. M. Wright and K. Dholakia, "Optical levitation in a Bessel light beam," Appl. Phys. Lett. 854001-4003 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. McGloin, A. E. Carruthers, K. Dholakia and E. M. Wright, "Optically bound microscopic particles in one dimension," Phys. Rev. E 69, 021403 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Meceli, J. J.

J. Durnin, J. J. Meceli and J. H. Eberly, "Diffraction-free beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499-1501 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Melville, H.

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. Roskey, M. D. Summers, H. Melville, D. McGloin, E. M. Wright and K. Dholakia, "Optical levitation in a Bessel light beam," Appl. Phys. Lett. 854001-4003 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mitchem, L.

R. J. Hopkins, L. Mitchem, A. D. Ward and J. P. Reid, "Control and characterisation of a single aerosol droplet in a single-beam gradient-force optical trap," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6, 4924-4927 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mukai, S.

N. Magome, M. I. Kohira, E. Hayata, S. Mukai and K. Yoshikawa, "Optical trapping of a growing water droplet in air," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 3988-3990 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Omori, R.

Prentiss, M.

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, and D. E. Pritchard, "Trapping of neutral sodium Atoms with radiation pressure," Phys. Rev. Lett.,  59, 2631-2634 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pritchard, D. E.

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, and D. E. Pritchard, "Trapping of neutral sodium Atoms with radiation pressure," Phys. Rev. Lett.,  59, 2631-2634 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raab, E. L.

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, and D. E. Pritchard, "Trapping of neutral sodium Atoms with radiation pressure," Phys. Rev. Lett.,  59, 2631-2634 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reid, J. P.

R. J. Hopkins, L. Mitchem, A. D. Ward and J. P. Reid, "Control and characterisation of a single aerosol droplet in a single-beam gradient-force optical trap," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6, 4924-4927 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Symes, R. M. Sayer, and J. P. Reid, "Cavity enhanced droplet spectroscopy: Principles, perspectives and prospects," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6, 474-487 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Roskey, D.

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. Roskey, M. D. Summers, H. Melville, D. McGloin, E. M. Wright and K. Dholakia, "Optical levitation in a Bessel light beam," Appl. Phys. Lett. 854001-4003 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sayer, R. M.

R. Symes, R. M. Sayer, and J. P. Reid, "Cavity enhanced droplet spectroscopy: Principles, perspectives and prospects," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6, 474-487 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

J. Arlt, V. Garces-Chavez, W. Sibbett and K. Dholakia "Optical micro-manipulation using a Bessel light beam," Opt. Commun. 197, 239-245 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Summers, M. D.

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. Roskey, M. D. Summers, H. Melville, D. McGloin, E. M. Wright and K. Dholakia, "Optical levitation in a Bessel light beam," Appl. Phys. Lett. 854001-4003 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, A.

Symes, R.

R. Symes, R. M. Sayer, and J. P. Reid, "Cavity enhanced droplet spectroscopy: Principles, perspectives and prospects," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6, 474-487 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, K. C.

M. D. King, K. C. Thompson and A. D. Ward, "Laser tweezers Raman study of optically trapped aerosol droplets of seawater and Oleic acid reacting with ozone: Implications for cloud-droplet properties," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 16710-16711 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ward, A. D.

M. D. King, K. C. Thompson and A. D. Ward, "Laser tweezers Raman study of optically trapped aerosol droplets of seawater and Oleic acid reacting with ozone: Implications for cloud-droplet properties," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 16710-16711 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Hopkins, L. Mitchem, A. D. Ward and J. P. Reid, "Control and characterisation of a single aerosol droplet in a single-beam gradient-force optical trap," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6, 4924-4927 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wright, E. M.

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. Roskey, M. D. Summers, H. Melville, D. McGloin, E. M. Wright and K. Dholakia, "Optical levitation in a Bessel light beam," Appl. Phys. Lett. 854001-4003 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. McGloin, A. E. Carruthers, K. Dholakia and E. M. Wright, "Optically bound microscopic particles in one dimension," Phys. Rev. E 69, 021403 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yoshikawa, K.

N. Magome, M. I. Kohira, E. Hayata, S. Mukai and K. Yoshikawa, "Optical trapping of a growing water droplet in air," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 3988-3990 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

A Ashkin and J. M. Dziedzic, "Feedback Stablization of optically levitated particles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 202-204 (1977).
[CrossRef]

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. Roskey, M. D. Summers, H. Melville, D. McGloin, E. M. Wright and K. Dholakia, "Optical levitation in a Bessel light beam," Appl. Phys. Lett. 854001-4003 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Contemp. Phys.

D. McGloin and K. Dholakia, "Bessel beams: Diffraction in a new light," Contemp. Phys. 46,15-28 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc.

M. D. King, K. C. Thompson and A. D. Ward, "Laser tweezers Raman study of optically trapped aerosol droplets of seawater and Oleic acid reacting with ozone: Implications for cloud-droplet properties," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 16710-16711 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Chem. B

N. Magome, M. I. Kohira, E. Hayata, S. Mukai and K. Yoshikawa, "Optical trapping of a growing water droplet in air," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 3988-3990 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

J. Arlt, V. Garces-Chavez, W. Sibbett and K. Dholakia "Optical micro-manipulation using a Bessel light beam," Opt. Commun. 197, 239-245 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.

R. J. Hopkins, L. Mitchem, A. D. Ward and J. P. Reid, "Control and characterisation of a single aerosol droplet in a single-beam gradient-force optical trap," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6, 4924-4927 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Symes, R. M. Sayer, and J. P. Reid, "Cavity enhanced droplet spectroscopy: Principles, perspectives and prospects," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6, 474-487 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E

D. McGloin, A. E. Carruthers, K. Dholakia and E. M. Wright, "Optically bound microscopic particles in one dimension," Phys. Rev. E 69, 021403 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

J. Durnin, J. J. Meceli and J. H. Eberly, "Diffraction-free beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499-1501 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ashkin, and J. M. Dziedzic, "Observation of resonances in the radiation pressure on Dielectric Spheres," Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 1351-1354 (1977).
[CrossRef]

A. Ashkin, "Acceleration and trapping of particles by radiation pressure," Phys. Rev. Lett. 24,156-159 (1970).
[CrossRef]

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, and D. E. Pritchard, "Trapping of neutral sodium Atoms with radiation pressure," Phys. Rev. Lett.,  59, 2631-2634 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

A. Ashkin and J. M. Dziedzic, "Optical levitation of liquid drops by radiation pressure," Science 187,1073-1075 (1975)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Supplementary Material (2)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup for optical levitation using a Bessel beam.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Video of water droplets merging in a Gaussian beam [Media 1]

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Water droplet height against laser power (W) for water for a constant flow rate of 0.58 litres/min levitated in a Guassian laser beam.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Particle height against laser power (W) for ethanol for a constant flow rate of 0.5 litres/min levitated in a Gaussian laser beam.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Video of dodecane droplet guiding with a Bessel beam The maximum guiding distance shown is 800µm. [Media 2]

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Particle height against laser power (W) for (a) water, (b) ethanol and (c) dodecane at a constant flow rate in a Bessel beam. The particle displacement is relative to the displacement for the minimum trapping power.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Properties of the liquids used in the droplet manipulation studies

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