Abstract

The dependence of the photoinduced second-order nonlinearity of germanosilicate glasses on the GeO2-SiO2 composition was investigated using photoinduced second-harmonic generation (SHG). The photoinduced SHG was encoded by coherent superposition of the 800-nm fundamental and the 400-nm second-harmonic light of a femtosecond laser. Experimental results showed that the photoinduced second-order optical nonlinearity increased with increasing concentrations of GeO2 in the glasses, and the concentration dependence was mainly due to the dependence of the photoinduced internal dc electric field of the glass on the GeO2-SiO2 composition.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, "Photowritten optical waveguides in various glasses with ultrashort pulse laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329-3331 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Si, J. Qiu, J. Zhai, Y. Shen, and K. Hirao, "Photoinduced permanent gratings inside bulk azodye-doped polymers by the coherent field of a femtosecond laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 359-361(2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. N. Glezer, M. Milosavljevic, L. Huang, R. J. Finlay, T. H. Her, J. P. Callan, and E. Mazur, "Three-dimensional optical storage inside transparent materials," Opt. Lett. 21, 2023-2025 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. H. Sun, A. Nakamura, S. Shoji, X. Duan and S. Kawata, "Three-dimensional Nanonet work assembled in a photopolymerized rod array," Adv. Mater. 15, 2011-2014 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Kawata, H. Sun, T. Tanaka, and K. Takada, "Finer features for functional microdevices," Nature,  412, 697-698 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. N. Sugimoto, H. Kanbara, S. Fujiwara, K. Tanaka, Y. Shimizugawa, and K. Hirao, "Third-order optical nonlinearities and their ultrafast response in Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 glasses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1904-1908 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. U. Österberg and W. Margulis, "Dye-laser pumped by Nd-YAG laser-pulses frequency doubled in a glass optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 11, 516-568 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. R. H. Stolen and H. W. K. Tom, "Self-organized phase-matched harmonic-generation in optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 12, 585-587 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. V. Dominic and J. Feinberg, "Light-induced second-harmonic generation in glass via multiphoton ionization physical review letters," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3446-3449 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. T. J. Driscoll and N. M. Lawandy, "UV enhancement and erasure of second-harmonic generation in germanosilicate fibers," Opt. Lett. 17, 571-573 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. Qiu, J. Si, and K. Hirao, "Photoinduced stable second-harmonic generation in chalcogenide glasses," Opt. Lett. 26, 914-916 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Nishii, K. Fukumi, H. Yamanaka, K. Kawamura, H. Hosono, and H. Kawazoe, "Photochemical-reactions in GeO2-SiO2 glasses induced by ultraviolet-irradiation-comparison between Hg Lamp and excimer-laser," Phys. Rev. B 521661-1666 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

2003 (1)

H. Sun, A. Nakamura, S. Shoji, X. Duan and S. Kawata, "Three-dimensional Nanonet work assembled in a photopolymerized rod array," Adv. Mater. 15, 2011-2014 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

J. Si, J. Qiu, J. Zhai, Y. Shen, and K. Hirao, "Photoinduced permanent gratings inside bulk azodye-doped polymers by the coherent field of a femtosecond laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 359-361(2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

S. Kawata, H. Sun, T. Tanaka, and K. Takada, "Finer features for functional microdevices," Nature,  412, 697-698 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Qiu, J. Si, and K. Hirao, "Photoinduced stable second-harmonic generation in chalcogenide glasses," Opt. Lett. 26, 914-916 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, "Photowritten optical waveguides in various glasses with ultrashort pulse laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329-3331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

J. Nishii, K. Fukumi, H. Yamanaka, K. Kawamura, H. Hosono, and H. Kawazoe, "Photochemical-reactions in GeO2-SiO2 glasses induced by ultraviolet-irradiation-comparison between Hg Lamp and excimer-laser," Phys. Rev. B 521661-1666 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

V. Dominic and J. Feinberg, "Light-induced second-harmonic generation in glass via multiphoton ionization physical review letters," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3446-3449 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

1987 (1)

1986 (1)

Callan, J. P.

Dominic, V.

V. Dominic and J. Feinberg, "Light-induced second-harmonic generation in glass via multiphoton ionization physical review letters," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3446-3449 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Driscoll, T. J.

Duan, X.

H. Sun, A. Nakamura, S. Shoji, X. Duan and S. Kawata, "Three-dimensional Nanonet work assembled in a photopolymerized rod array," Adv. Mater. 15, 2011-2014 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Feinberg, J.

V. Dominic and J. Feinberg, "Light-induced second-harmonic generation in glass via multiphoton ionization physical review letters," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3446-3449 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Finlay, R. J.

Fujiwara, S.

Fukumi, K.

J. Nishii, K. Fukumi, H. Yamanaka, K. Kawamura, H. Hosono, and H. Kawazoe, "Photochemical-reactions in GeO2-SiO2 glasses induced by ultraviolet-irradiation-comparison between Hg Lamp and excimer-laser," Phys. Rev. B 521661-1666 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Glezer, E. N.

Her, T. H.

Hirao, K.

J. Si, J. Qiu, J. Zhai, Y. Shen, and K. Hirao, "Photoinduced permanent gratings inside bulk azodye-doped polymers by the coherent field of a femtosecond laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 359-361(2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, J. Si, and K. Hirao, "Photoinduced stable second-harmonic generation in chalcogenide glasses," Opt. Lett. 26, 914-916 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. Sugimoto, H. Kanbara, S. Fujiwara, K. Tanaka, Y. Shimizugawa, and K. Hirao, "Third-order optical nonlinearities and their ultrafast response in Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 glasses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1904-1908 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, "Photowritten optical waveguides in various glasses with ultrashort pulse laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329-3331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hosono, H.

J. Nishii, K. Fukumi, H. Yamanaka, K. Kawamura, H. Hosono, and H. Kawazoe, "Photochemical-reactions in GeO2-SiO2 glasses induced by ultraviolet-irradiation-comparison between Hg Lamp and excimer-laser," Phys. Rev. B 521661-1666 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Huang, L.

Inouye, H.

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, "Photowritten optical waveguides in various glasses with ultrashort pulse laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329-3331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kanbara, H.

Kawamura, K.

J. Nishii, K. Fukumi, H. Yamanaka, K. Kawamura, H. Hosono, and H. Kawazoe, "Photochemical-reactions in GeO2-SiO2 glasses induced by ultraviolet-irradiation-comparison between Hg Lamp and excimer-laser," Phys. Rev. B 521661-1666 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kawata, S.

H. Sun, A. Nakamura, S. Shoji, X. Duan and S. Kawata, "Three-dimensional Nanonet work assembled in a photopolymerized rod array," Adv. Mater. 15, 2011-2014 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Kawata, H. Sun, T. Tanaka, and K. Takada, "Finer features for functional microdevices," Nature,  412, 697-698 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kawazoe, H.

J. Nishii, K. Fukumi, H. Yamanaka, K. Kawamura, H. Hosono, and H. Kawazoe, "Photochemical-reactions in GeO2-SiO2 glasses induced by ultraviolet-irradiation-comparison between Hg Lamp and excimer-laser," Phys. Rev. B 521661-1666 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lawandy, N. M.

Margulis, W.

Mazur, E.

Milosavljevic, M.

Mitsuyu, T.

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, "Photowritten optical waveguides in various glasses with ultrashort pulse laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329-3331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Miura, K.

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, "Photowritten optical waveguides in various glasses with ultrashort pulse laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329-3331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, A.

H. Sun, A. Nakamura, S. Shoji, X. Duan and S. Kawata, "Three-dimensional Nanonet work assembled in a photopolymerized rod array," Adv. Mater. 15, 2011-2014 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nishii, J.

J. Nishii, K. Fukumi, H. Yamanaka, K. Kawamura, H. Hosono, and H. Kawazoe, "Photochemical-reactions in GeO2-SiO2 glasses induced by ultraviolet-irradiation-comparison between Hg Lamp and excimer-laser," Phys. Rev. B 521661-1666 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Österberg, U.

Qiu, J.

J. Si, J. Qiu, J. Zhai, Y. Shen, and K. Hirao, "Photoinduced permanent gratings inside bulk azodye-doped polymers by the coherent field of a femtosecond laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 359-361(2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, J. Si, and K. Hirao, "Photoinduced stable second-harmonic generation in chalcogenide glasses," Opt. Lett. 26, 914-916 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, "Photowritten optical waveguides in various glasses with ultrashort pulse laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329-3331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y.

J. Si, J. Qiu, J. Zhai, Y. Shen, and K. Hirao, "Photoinduced permanent gratings inside bulk azodye-doped polymers by the coherent field of a femtosecond laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 359-361(2002).
[CrossRef]

Shimizugawa, Y.

Shoji, S.

H. Sun, A. Nakamura, S. Shoji, X. Duan and S. Kawata, "Three-dimensional Nanonet work assembled in a photopolymerized rod array," Adv. Mater. 15, 2011-2014 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Si, J.

J. Si, J. Qiu, J. Zhai, Y. Shen, and K. Hirao, "Photoinduced permanent gratings inside bulk azodye-doped polymers by the coherent field of a femtosecond laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 359-361(2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, J. Si, and K. Hirao, "Photoinduced stable second-harmonic generation in chalcogenide glasses," Opt. Lett. 26, 914-916 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

Sugimoto, N.

Sun, H.

H. Sun, A. Nakamura, S. Shoji, X. Duan and S. Kawata, "Three-dimensional Nanonet work assembled in a photopolymerized rod array," Adv. Mater. 15, 2011-2014 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Kawata, H. Sun, T. Tanaka, and K. Takada, "Finer features for functional microdevices," Nature,  412, 697-698 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takada, K.

S. Kawata, H. Sun, T. Tanaka, and K. Takada, "Finer features for functional microdevices," Nature,  412, 697-698 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tanaka, K.

Tanaka, T.

S. Kawata, H. Sun, T. Tanaka, and K. Takada, "Finer features for functional microdevices," Nature,  412, 697-698 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tom, H. W. K.

Yamanaka, H.

J. Nishii, K. Fukumi, H. Yamanaka, K. Kawamura, H. Hosono, and H. Kawazoe, "Photochemical-reactions in GeO2-SiO2 glasses induced by ultraviolet-irradiation-comparison between Hg Lamp and excimer-laser," Phys. Rev. B 521661-1666 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zhai, J.

J. Si, J. Qiu, J. Zhai, Y. Shen, and K. Hirao, "Photoinduced permanent gratings inside bulk azodye-doped polymers by the coherent field of a femtosecond laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 359-361(2002).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (1)

H. Sun, A. Nakamura, S. Shoji, X. Duan and S. Kawata, "Three-dimensional Nanonet work assembled in a photopolymerized rod array," Adv. Mater. 15, 2011-2014 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, "Photowritten optical waveguides in various glasses with ultrashort pulse laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329-3331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Si, J. Qiu, J. Zhai, Y. Shen, and K. Hirao, "Photoinduced permanent gratings inside bulk azodye-doped polymers by the coherent field of a femtosecond laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 359-361(2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature (1)

S. Kawata, H. Sun, T. Tanaka, and K. Takada, "Finer features for functional microdevices," Nature,  412, 697-698 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

J. Nishii, K. Fukumi, H. Yamanaka, K. Kawamura, H. Hosono, and H. Kawazoe, "Photochemical-reactions in GeO2-SiO2 glasses induced by ultraviolet-irradiation-comparison between Hg Lamp and excimer-laser," Phys. Rev. B 521661-1666 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

V. Dominic and J. Feinberg, "Light-induced second-harmonic generation in glass via multiphoton ionization physical review letters," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3446-3449 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the experimental setup for photoinduced SHG of the germanosilicate using femtosecond laser pulses. M: mirror; BS: beam splitter; DM: diachronic mirror; L: lens; BF: bandpass filter; S: sample; PMT: photomultiplier tube.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Growth in time (squares) and decay (circles) of the SHG signal of the germanosilicate glass sample prepared by femtosecond laser pulses at wavelengths of 800 and 400 nm. (b), temporal correlation dependence of the SHG signals of the glass sample between the two seed beams ω and 2ω.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Dependence of the photoinduced χ (2) of germanosilicate glasses on the GeO2-SiO2 composition. All the measurements were made after 10 min of the optical poling preparation.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) pump power dependence of the THG signal of the germanosilicate glass with 10-GeO2-90-SiO2 (mol. %) composition. The THG intensity shows cubic pump-power dependence. (b), measurements for χ (3) of germanosilicate glasses for different GeO2-SiO2 composition. The laser power was 100 mW.

Metrics