Abstract

Hole-assisted fibers have been proposed for a number of applications, including low-bend-loss access transmission. Suppression of higher-order modes is essential in these designs, and is explained here as the result of index-matched coupling between core and cladding modes. This physical principle is shown to explain previous empirically optimized designs, and enables intuitive generalizations. The improved tradeoff between bend loss and suppression of higher-order modes in these designs is discussed. Novel solid and microstructure fiber designs with suppressed higher-order modes illustrate these principles.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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2004 (4)

2003 (2)

2002 (1)

2001 (4)

2000 (1)

S. A. Diddams and D. J. Jones, et al. “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

1995 (1)

T. A. Birks and P. J. Roberts, et al. “Full 2d photonic bandgaps in silica/air structures,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1941 (1995).
[Crossref]

1978 (1)

Albertsen, M.

Auguste, J. L.

F. Gerome, J. L. Auguste, and J. M. Blondy. “Design of dispersion-compensating fibers based on a dual-concentric-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2725 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Gerome, J. L. Auguste, and J. M. Blondy. “Very high negative chromatic dispersion in a dual concentric core photonic crystal fiber,” In Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), WA2 (2004).

Birks, T. A.

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, and J. P. de Sandro. “Properties of photonic crystal fiber and the effective index model,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 748 (1998).
[Crossref]

T. A. Birks and P. J. Roberts, et al. “Full 2d photonic bandgaps in silica/air structures,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1941 (1995).
[Crossref]

B. J. Mangan, L. Farr, A. Langford, P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, F. Couny, M Lawman, M. Mason, S Coupland, R. Flea, H. Sabert, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russel. “Low loss (1.7db/km) hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” In Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), PDP24 (2004).

Bise, Ryan

A. D. Yablon and Ryan Bise. “Low-loss high-strength microstructure fiber fusion splices using grin fiber lenses,” In Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), MF14 (2004).

Bjarklev, A.

Blondy, J. M.

F. Gerome, J. L. Auguste, and J. M. Blondy. “Design of dispersion-compensating fibers based on a dual-concentric-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2725 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Gerome, J. L. Auguste, and J. M. Blondy. “Very high negative chromatic dispersion in a dual concentric core photonic crystal fiber,” In Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), WA2 (2004).

Bonacinni, D.

Botten, L. C.

Broeng, J.

Chandalia, J. K.

J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, S. G. Kosinski, X. Liu, and C. Xu. “Adiabatic coupling in tapered air-silica microstructured optical fiber,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 52 (2001).
[Crossref]

Couny, F.

B. J. Mangan, L. Farr, A. Langford, P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, F. Couny, M Lawman, M. Mason, S Coupland, R. Flea, H. Sabert, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russel. “Low loss (1.7db/km) hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” In Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), PDP24 (2004).

Coupland, S

B. J. Mangan, L. Farr, A. Langford, P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, F. Couny, M Lawman, M. Mason, S Coupland, R. Flea, H. Sabert, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russel. “Low loss (1.7db/km) hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” In Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), PDP24 (2004).

de Sandro, J. P.

deSterke, C. M.

Diddams, S. A.

S. A. Diddams and D. J. Jones, et al. “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eggleton, B. J.

J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, S. G. Kosinski, X. Liu, and C. Xu. “Adiabatic coupling in tapered air-silica microstructured optical fiber,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 52 (2001).
[Crossref]

Farr, L.

B. J. Mangan, L. Farr, A. Langford, P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, F. Couny, M Lawman, M. Mason, S Coupland, R. Flea, H. Sabert, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russel. “Low loss (1.7db/km) hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” In Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), PDP24 (2004).

Fini, J. M.

J. M. Fini. “Bloch theory describing cladding modes of microstructure optical fiber,” In European Conference on Optical Communications, We4.P.37, (2003).

Flea, R.

B. J. Mangan, L. Farr, A. Langford, P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, F. Couny, M Lawman, M. Mason, S Coupland, R. Flea, H. Sabert, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russel. “Low loss (1.7db/km) hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” In Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), PDP24 (2004).

Folkenberg, J. R.

Gerome, F.

F. Gerome, J. L. Auguste, and J. M. Blondy. “Design of dispersion-compensating fibers based on a dual-concentric-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2725 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Gerome, J. L. Auguste, and J. M. Blondy. “Very high negative chromatic dispersion in a dual concentric core photonic crystal fiber,” In Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), WA2 (2004).

Hansen, K. P.

Hasegawa, T.

T. Hasegawa, E. Sasaoka, M. Onishi, M. Nishimura, Y. Tsuji, and M. Koshiba. “Hole-assisted lightguide fiber for large anomalous dispersion and low optical loss,” Opt. Express 9, 681 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Hasegawa, T. Saitoh, D. Nishioka, E. Sasaoka, and T. Hosoya. Bend-insensitive single-mode holey fibre with SMF compatibility for optical wiring applications. In European Conference on Optical Communications, page We2.7.3 (2003).

Hogari, K.

K. Nakajima and K. Hogari, et al. “Hole assisted fiber design for small bending and splice losses,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 15,1737 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hosoya, T.

T. Hasegawa, T. Saitoh, D. Nishioka, E. Sasaoka, and T. Hosoya. Bend-insensitive single-mode holey fibre with SMF compatibility for optical wiring applications. In European Conference on Optical Communications, page We2.7.3 (2003).

Ibanescu, M.

Jakobsen, C.

Johnson, S. G.

Jones, D. J.

S. A. Diddams and D. J. Jones, et al. “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Knight, J. C.

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, and J. P. de Sandro. “Properties of photonic crystal fiber and the effective index model,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 748 (1998).
[Crossref]

B. J. Mangan, L. Farr, A. Langford, P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, F. Couny, M Lawman, M. Mason, S Coupland, R. Flea, H. Sabert, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russel. “Low loss (1.7db/km) hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” In Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), PDP24 (2004).

Koshiba, M.

Kosinski, S. G.

J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, S. G. Kosinski, X. Liu, and C. Xu. “Adiabatic coupling in tapered air-silica microstructured optical fiber,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 52 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kuhlmey, B. T.

Langford, A.

B. J. Mangan, L. Farr, A. Langford, P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, F. Couny, M Lawman, M. Mason, S Coupland, R. Flea, H. Sabert, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russel. “Low loss (1.7db/km) hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” In Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), PDP24 (2004).

Lawman, M

B. J. Mangan, L. Farr, A. Langford, P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, F. Couny, M Lawman, M. Mason, S Coupland, R. Flea, H. Sabert, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russel. “Low loss (1.7db/km) hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” In Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), PDP24 (2004).

Liem, A.

Limpert, J.

Liu, X.

J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, S. G. Kosinski, X. Liu, and C. Xu. “Adiabatic coupling in tapered air-silica microstructured optical fiber,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 52 (2001).
[Crossref]

Lu, C.

M. Yan, P. Shum, and C. Lu. “Hole-assisted multiring fiber with low dispersion around 1550 nm,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 123 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mangan, B. J.

B. J. Mangan, L. Farr, A. Langford, P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, F. Couny, M Lawman, M. Mason, S Coupland, R. Flea, H. Sabert, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russel. “Low loss (1.7db/km) hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” In Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), PDP24 (2004).

Marom, E.

Mason, M.

B. J. Mangan, L. Farr, A. Langford, P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, F. Couny, M Lawman, M. Mason, S Coupland, R. Flea, H. Sabert, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russel. “Low loss (1.7db/km) hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” In Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), PDP24 (2004).

McPhedran, R. C.

Monro, T. M.

Mortensen, N. A.

Nakajima, K.

K. Nakajima and K. Hogari, et al. “Hole assisted fiber design for small bending and splice losses,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 15,1737 (2003).
[Crossref]

Nielsen, M. D.

Nishimura, M.

Nishioka, D.

T. Hasegawa, T. Saitoh, D. Nishioka, E. Sasaoka, and T. Hosoya. Bend-insensitive single-mode holey fibre with SMF compatibility for optical wiring applications. In European Conference on Optical Communications, page We2.7.3 (2003).

Nolte, S.

Onishi, M.

Petersson, A.

Reich, M.

Richardson, D. J.

Roberts, P. J.

T. A. Birks and P. J. Roberts, et al. “Full 2d photonic bandgaps in silica/air structures,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1941 (1995).
[Crossref]

B. J. Mangan, L. Farr, A. Langford, P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, F. Couny, M Lawman, M. Mason, S Coupland, R. Flea, H. Sabert, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russel. “Low loss (1.7db/km) hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” In Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), PDP24 (2004).

Russel, P. St. J.

B. J. Mangan, L. Farr, A. Langford, P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, F. Couny, M Lawman, M. Mason, S Coupland, R. Flea, H. Sabert, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russel. “Low loss (1.7db/km) hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” In Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), PDP24 (2004).

Russell, P. S. J.

Sabert, H.

B. J. Mangan, L. Farr, A. Langford, P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, F. Couny, M Lawman, M. Mason, S Coupland, R. Flea, H. Sabert, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russel. “Low loss (1.7db/km) hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” In Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), PDP24 (2004).

Saitoh, T.

T. Hasegawa, T. Saitoh, D. Nishioka, E. Sasaoka, and T. Hosoya. Bend-insensitive single-mode holey fibre with SMF compatibility for optical wiring applications. In European Conference on Optical Communications, page We2.7.3 (2003).

Sasaoka, E.

T. Hasegawa, E. Sasaoka, M. Onishi, M. Nishimura, Y. Tsuji, and M. Koshiba. “Hole-assisted lightguide fiber for large anomalous dispersion and low optical loss,” Opt. Express 9, 681 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Hasegawa, T. Saitoh, D. Nishioka, E. Sasaoka, and T. Hosoya. Bend-insensitive single-mode holey fibre with SMF compatibility for optical wiring applications. In European Conference on Optical Communications, page We2.7.3 (2003).

Schreiber, T.

Shum, P.

M. Yan, P. Shum, and C. Lu. “Hole-assisted multiring fiber with low dispersion around 1550 nm,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 123 (2004).
[Crossref]

Simonsen, H. R.

Smith, G. H.

Tnnermann, A.

Tsuji, Y.

White, T. P.

Williams, D. P.

B. J. Mangan, L. Farr, A. Langford, P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, F. Couny, M Lawman, M. Mason, S Coupland, R. Flea, H. Sabert, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russel. “Low loss (1.7db/km) hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” In Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), PDP24 (2004).

Windeler, R. S.

J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, S. G. Kosinski, X. Liu, and C. Xu. “Adiabatic coupling in tapered air-silica microstructured optical fiber,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 52 (2001).
[Crossref]

Xu, C.

J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, S. G. Kosinski, X. Liu, and C. Xu. “Adiabatic coupling in tapered air-silica microstructured optical fiber,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 52 (2001).
[Crossref]

Yablon, A. D.

A. D. Yablon and Ryan Bise. “Low-loss high-strength microstructure fiber fusion splices using grin fiber lenses,” In Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), MF14 (2004).

Yan, M.

M. Yan, P. Shum, and C. Lu. “Hole-assisted multiring fiber with low dispersion around 1550 nm,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 123 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yariv, A.

Yeh, P.

Zellmer, H.

Electron. Lett. (1)

T. A. Birks and P. J. Roberts, et al. “Full 2d photonic bandgaps in silica/air structures,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1941 (1995).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, S. G. Kosinski, X. Liu, and C. Xu. “Adiabatic coupling in tapered air-silica microstructured optical fiber,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 52 (2001).
[Crossref]

K. Nakajima and K. Hogari, et al. “Hole assisted fiber design for small bending and splice losses,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 15,1737 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Yan, P. Shum, and C. Lu. “Hole-assisted multiring fiber with low dispersion around 1550 nm,” Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 123 (2004).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. A. Diddams and D. J. Jones, et al. “Direct link between microwave and optical frequencies with a 300THz femtosecond laser comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5102 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (5)

B. J. Mangan, L. Farr, A. Langford, P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, F. Couny, M Lawman, M. Mason, S Coupland, R. Flea, H. Sabert, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russel. “Low loss (1.7db/km) hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” In Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), PDP24 (2004).

T. Hasegawa, T. Saitoh, D. Nishioka, E. Sasaoka, and T. Hosoya. Bend-insensitive single-mode holey fibre with SMF compatibility for optical wiring applications. In European Conference on Optical Communications, page We2.7.3 (2003).

F. Gerome, J. L. Auguste, and J. M. Blondy. “Very high negative chromatic dispersion in a dual concentric core photonic crystal fiber,” In Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), WA2 (2004).

A. D. Yablon and Ryan Bise. “Low-loss high-strength microstructure fiber fusion splices using grin fiber lenses,” In Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC), MF14 (2004).

J. M. Fini. “Bloch theory describing cladding modes of microstructure optical fiber,” In European Conference on Optical Communications, We4.P.37, (2003).

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