Abstract

Index-guiding photonic crystal fibers with appropriate structural parameters support the fundamental and second order modes over a practically infinite wavelength range. The polarization principal axes and mode field patterns of the modes can be made stable by having different size air-holes along the orthogonal directions. The potential applications of such two-mode PCFs are discussed.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (3)

T. Monro, D.J. Richardson, P.J. Bennett, �??Developing holey fibres for evanescent field devices,�?? Electron. Lett. 35, 1188-1189 (1999)
[CrossRef]

K. Suzuki, H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, M. Tanaka, and M. Fujita, �??High-speed bi-directional polarization division multiplexed optical transmission in ultra low-loss (1.3dB/km) polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber,�?? Electron. Lett. 37, 1399-1401, (2001)
[CrossRef]

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, �??Compact broadband continuum source based on microchip laser pumped microstructured fiber,�?? Electron. Lett. 37, 558-560, 2001
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

J. Ju, W. Jin and M. S. Demokan, �??Two-mode operation in highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2471-2474 (2004)
[CrossRef]

M. Koshiba and K. Saitoh, �??Polarization-dependent confinement losses in actual holey fibers,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 691-693, 2003
[CrossRef]

H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, S. Koyanagi, M. Tanaka, S. Yamaguchi, �??Absolutely single polarization photonic crystal fiber,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 182�??184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J.C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T.A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, �??Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,�?? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807-809 (2000)
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

M. J. Steel, R. M. Jr Osgood, �??Polarization and dispersive properties of elliptical-hole photonic crystal fibers,�?? J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 495�?? 503(2001)
[CrossRef]

A.M. Vengsarkar, W.C. Michie, L. Jankovic, B. Culshaw, and R.O. Claus, �??Fiber-optic dual-temperature sensor for simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature,�?? J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 170-177 (1994)
[CrossRef]

H. S. Park, K. Y. Song S. H. Yun, B. Y. Kim, "All-fiber wavelength-tunable acoustooptic switches based on intermodal coupling in fibers,�?? J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1864-1868 (2002)
[CrossRef]

S.Y. Huang, J.N. Blake, and B.Y. Kim, �??Perturbation effects on mode propagation in highly elliptical core two-mode fibers,�?? J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 23-33 (1990)
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A: Pure Appl.Opt. (1)

N. A. Mortensen, M. D. Nielsen, J. R. Folkenberg, K. P. Hansen and J. Lǽgsgaard, �??Small-core photonic crystal fibers with weakly disordered air-hole cladding,�?? J. Opt. A: Pure Appl.Opt. 6, 221-223, 2004.
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

OFC 2003 (1)

K. Hansen, J. Folkenberg, A. Petersson, A. Bjarklev, �??Properties of nonlinear photonic crystal fibers for telecommunication applications,�?? OFC 2003, 694-696 (2003).

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (14)

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stenz, �??Optical properties of high-delta air-silica microstructure optical fibers,�?? Opt. Lett. 25, 796-798 (2000)
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, J.C. Knight, and P.St.J. Russell, �??Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber,�?? Opt. Lett. 22, 961-963 (1997)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B.Y. Kim, J.N. Blake, S.Y. Huang, and H.J. Shaw, �??Use of highly elliptical core fibers for two-mode fiber devices,�?? Opt. Lett. 12, 729-731 (1987)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. T. Kuhlmey, �??Modal cut-off in micro-structured optical fibres,�?? Opt. Lett. 27, 1684-1687 (2002)
[CrossRef]

N. A. Mortensen, J. R. Folkenberg, M. D. Nielsen, K. P.Hansen, "Modal cutoff and the V-parameter in photonic crystal fiber,�?? Opt. Lett. 28, 1879-1881, (2003)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Folkenberg, N. A. Mortensen, K. P. Hansen, T. P. Hansen, H. R. Simonsen and C. Jakobsen, �??Experimental investigation of cut-off phenomena in nonlinear photonic crystal fibers,�?? Opt. Lett. 28, 1882-2884, (2003)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, J. Arriaga, B.J. Mangan, T.A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, �??Highly biregringent photonic crystal fibers,�?? Opt. Lett. 25, 1325-1327 (2000)
[CrossRef]

M. D. Nielsen, G. Vienne, J. R. Folkenberg and A. Bjarklev, �??Investigation of microdeformation-induced attenuation spectra in a photonic crystal fiber,�?? Opt. Lett. 28, 236-238, 2003
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Diez, T. A. Birks, W. H. Reeves, B. J. Mangan and P. St. J. Russell, �??Excitation of cladding modes in photonic cruystal fibers by flexural acoustic waves,�?? Opt. Lett. 25, 1499-1501, 2000
[CrossRef]

J. N. Blake, S.Y. Huang, B.Y. Kim, and H.J. Shaw, �??Strain effects on highly elliptical core two-mode fibers,�?? Opt. Lett. 12, 732-734 (1987)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Yun, I. K. Hwang, B. Y. Kim, �??All-fiber tunable and laser based on two-mode fiber,�?? Opt. Lett. 21, 27-29 (1996)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. N. Blake, B. Y. Kim, and H. J. Shaw, �??Fiber-optic modal coupler using periodic microbending,�?? Opt. Lett. 11, 177-179 (1986)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. V. Sorin, B. Y. Kim, and H. J. Shaw, �??Highly selective evanescent modal filter for two-mode optical fibers,�?? Opt. Lett. 11, 581-583 (1986)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Y. Kim, J. N. Blake, H. E. Engan, and H. J. Shaw, �??All-fiber acousto-optic frequency shifter,�?? Opt. Lett. 11, 389-391 (1986)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Optical Communications and Networks (1)

S. Ramachandran, �??Novel photonic devices in few mode fibers,�?? Proc. 3rd International Conference on Optical Communications and Networks, 73-76, 30 Nov. �?? 1 Dec. 2004

Other (2)

<a href="http://www.crystal-fibre.com/start_page/index.shtm"> http://www.crystal-fibre.com/start_page/index.shtm</a>.

Anders Bjarklev, Jes Broeng, Araceli Bjarklev, Photonic Crystal Fibres, (London: Kluwer Academic Press, 2003)
[CrossRef]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Cross-section of a PCF with triangular lattice; (b) Λ/λc-d/Λ plot showing the two-mode operation range.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Field patterns of (a) the two polarizations of the fundamental mode; (b) the four approximately degenerate second-order modes

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Beat lengths between the fundamental mode and the four second-order modes as functions of wavelength.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Cross-section of a Hi-Bi PCF

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

mode field patterns of the fundamental LP01 and the second-order LP11(even) modes.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Mode indexes of the fundamental and the 2nd order modes as functions of wavelength

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Confinement losses of the second-order LP11(even) and LP11(odd) modes as functions of wavelength. (a) Two types of PCFs with 6 rings of air-holes; the parameters of the fibers are respectively Λ=4.18µm, d/Λ=0.54, dbig/Λ=0.97 and Λ=6µm, d/Λ=0.54, dbig/Λ=0.98. (b) The two-mode fiber designed for operation from 0.6µm to 1.8µm with 10 rings of air-holes and with Λ=6µm, d/Λ=0.54, dbig/Λ=0.98.

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