Abstract

The performance of all-optical XOR gate based on quantum-dot (QD) SOA MZI has been simulated. The saturation power, optical gain and phase response of a QD SOA has been analyzed numerically using a rate equation model of quantum dots embedded in a wetting layer. The calculated response is used to model the XOR performance. For the parameters used here, XOR operation at ~250 Gb/s is feasible using QD based Mach-Zehnder interferometers. The speed is limited by the relaxation time from wetting layer to the quantum dots.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  19. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber Optic Communication systems, (John Wiley, 1997) Section 4.5

2004 (2)

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Chen, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A. B. Piccirilli, and N. K. Dutta, “Study of all-optical XOR using Mach-Zehnder interferometer and differential scheme,” IEEE J.Quantum Electron.,  Vol.40, pp.703–710,2004
[Crossref]

M. Sugawara, H. Ebe, N. Hatori, M. Ishida, Y. Arakawa, T. Akiyama, K. Otsubo, and Y. Nakata, “Theory of optical signal amplification and processing by quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 235332-1-39 (2004)
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

H. Chen, G. Zhu, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A.B. Piccirilli, and N.K. Dutta, “All-optical logic XOR using a differential scheme and Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Electron. Lett. 38, 1271–1273 (2002)
[Crossref]

M. Sugawara, T. Akiyama, N. Hatori, Y. Nakata, H. Ebe, and H. Ishikawa, “Quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers for high-bit-rate signal processing up to 160Gbs-1 and a new scheme of 3R regenerators,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 1683–1691 (2002)
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

R. Gutierrez-Castrejon, L. Occhi, L. Schares, and G. Guekos, “Recovery dynamics of cross-modulated beam phase in semiconductor amplifiers and applications to all-optical signal processing,” Opt. Commun. 195, 167–177 (2001)
[Crossref]

T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, D. Wolfson, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, “Novel scheme for simple label-swapping employing XOR logic in an integrated interferometric wavelength converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 750–752 (2001)
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall’Ara, “20 Gb/s all-optical XOR with UNI gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834–836 (2000)
[Crossref]

T. Fjelde, D. Wolfson, A. Kloch, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, “Demonstration of 20 Gbit/s all-optical logic XOR in integrated SOA-based interferometric wavelength converter,” Electron. Lett. 36 (22), 1863–1864 (2000)
[Crossref]

1999 (3)

T. Houbavlis, K. Zoiros, A. Hatziefremidis, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, H. Burkhard, and R. Dall’Ara, “10 Gbit/s all-optical Boolean XOR with SOA fiber Sagnac gate,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1650–1652 (1999)
[Crossref]

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, R. J. Manning, and A. E. Kelly, “All-optical pseudorandom number generator,” Opt. Commun. 159, 208–214 (1999)
[Crossref]

J. M. Tang and K. A. Shore, “Characteristic of Optical Phase Conjugation of Picosecond Pulses in Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35–7, 1032–1040 (1999)
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

A. Mecozzi and J. Mørk, “Saturation effect in nondegenerate four-wave mixing between short optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3–5, 1190–1207 (1997)

1996 (1)

K. L. Hall and K. A. Rauschenbach, “All-optical bit pattern generation and matching,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1214–1215 (1996)
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

J. Mark and J. Mørk, “Subpicosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers; Experiment and theory,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2281–2283 (1992)
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

1989 (1)

G. Agrawal and N. Olsson, “Self-Phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE, J. Quantum Electron. 25–11, 2297–2306 (1989)
[Crossref]

Agrawal, G.

G. Agrawal and N. Olsson, “Self-Phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE, J. Quantum Electron. 25–11, 2297–2306 (1989)
[Crossref]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber Optic Communication systems, (John Wiley, 1997) Section 4.5

Akiyama, T.

M. Sugawara, H. Ebe, N. Hatori, M. Ishida, Y. Arakawa, T. Akiyama, K. Otsubo, and Y. Nakata, “Theory of optical signal amplification and processing by quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 235332-1-39 (2004)
[Crossref]

M. Sugawara, T. Akiyama, N. Hatori, Y. Nakata, H. Ebe, and H. Ishikawa, “Quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers for high-bit-rate signal processing up to 160Gbs-1 and a new scheme of 3R regenerators,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 1683–1691 (2002)
[Crossref]

Arakawa, Y.

M. Sugawara, H. Ebe, N. Hatori, M. Ishida, Y. Arakawa, T. Akiyama, K. Otsubo, and Y. Nakata, “Theory of optical signal amplification and processing by quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 235332-1-39 (2004)
[Crossref]

Avramopoulos, H.

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall’Ara, “20 Gb/s all-optical XOR with UNI gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834–836 (2000)
[Crossref]

T. Houbavlis, K. Zoiros, A. Hatziefremidis, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, H. Burkhard, and R. Dall’Ara, “10 Gbit/s all-optical Boolean XOR with SOA fiber Sagnac gate,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1650–1652 (1999)
[Crossref]

Bintjas, C.

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall’Ara, “20 Gb/s all-optical XOR with UNI gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834–836 (2000)
[Crossref]

Blow, K. J.

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, R. J. Manning, and A. E. Kelly, “All-optical pseudorandom number generator,” Opt. Commun. 159, 208–214 (1999)
[Crossref]

Burkhard, H.

T. Houbavlis, K. Zoiros, A. Hatziefremidis, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, H. Burkhard, and R. Dall’Ara, “10 Gbit/s all-optical Boolean XOR with SOA fiber Sagnac gate,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1650–1652 (1999)
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Chen, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A. B. Piccirilli, and N. K. Dutta, “Study of all-optical XOR using Mach-Zehnder interferometer and differential scheme,” IEEE J.Quantum Electron.,  Vol.40, pp.703–710,2004
[Crossref]

H. Chen, G. Zhu, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A.B. Piccirilli, and N.K. Dutta, “All-optical logic XOR using a differential scheme and Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Electron. Lett. 38, 1271–1273 (2002)
[Crossref]

Coquelin, A.

T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, D. Wolfson, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, “Novel scheme for simple label-swapping employing XOR logic in an integrated interferometric wavelength converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 750–752 (2001)
[Crossref]

T. Fjelde, D. Wolfson, A. Kloch, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, “Demonstration of 20 Gbit/s all-optical logic XOR in integrated SOA-based interferometric wavelength converter,” Electron. Lett. 36 (22), 1863–1864 (2000)
[Crossref]

Dagens, B.

T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, D. Wolfson, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, “Novel scheme for simple label-swapping employing XOR logic in an integrated interferometric wavelength converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 750–752 (2001)
[Crossref]

T. Fjelde, D. Wolfson, A. Kloch, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, “Demonstration of 20 Gbit/s all-optical logic XOR in integrated SOA-based interferometric wavelength converter,” Electron. Lett. 36 (22), 1863–1864 (2000)
[Crossref]

Dall’Ara, R.

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall’Ara, “20 Gb/s all-optical XOR with UNI gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834–836 (2000)
[Crossref]

T. Houbavlis, K. Zoiros, A. Hatziefremidis, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, H. Burkhard, and R. Dall’Ara, “10 Gbit/s all-optical Boolean XOR with SOA fiber Sagnac gate,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1650–1652 (1999)
[Crossref]

Dutta, N. K.

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Chen, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A. B. Piccirilli, and N. K. Dutta, “Study of all-optical XOR using Mach-Zehnder interferometer and differential scheme,” IEEE J.Quantum Electron.,  Vol.40, pp.703–710,2004
[Crossref]

Dutta, N.K.

H. Chen, G. Zhu, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A.B. Piccirilli, and N.K. Dutta, “All-optical logic XOR using a differential scheme and Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Electron. Lett. 38, 1271–1273 (2002)
[Crossref]

Ebe, H.

M. Sugawara, H. Ebe, N. Hatori, M. Ishida, Y. Arakawa, T. Akiyama, K. Otsubo, and Y. Nakata, “Theory of optical signal amplification and processing by quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 235332-1-39 (2004)
[Crossref]

M. Sugawara, T. Akiyama, N. Hatori, Y. Nakata, H. Ebe, and H. Ishikawa, “Quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers for high-bit-rate signal processing up to 160Gbs-1 and a new scheme of 3R regenerators,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 1683–1691 (2002)
[Crossref]

Fjelde, T.

T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, D. Wolfson, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, “Novel scheme for simple label-swapping employing XOR logic in an integrated interferometric wavelength converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 750–752 (2001)
[Crossref]

T. Fjelde, D. Wolfson, A. Kloch, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, “Demonstration of 20 Gbit/s all-optical logic XOR in integrated SOA-based interferometric wavelength converter,” Electron. Lett. 36 (22), 1863–1864 (2000)
[Crossref]

Gaborit, F.

T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, D. Wolfson, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, “Novel scheme for simple label-swapping employing XOR logic in an integrated interferometric wavelength converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 750–752 (2001)
[Crossref]

T. Fjelde, D. Wolfson, A. Kloch, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, “Demonstration of 20 Gbit/s all-optical logic XOR in integrated SOA-based interferometric wavelength converter,” Electron. Lett. 36 (22), 1863–1864 (2000)
[Crossref]

Guekos, G.

R. Gutierrez-Castrejon, L. Occhi, L. Schares, and G. Guekos, “Recovery dynamics of cross-modulated beam phase in semiconductor amplifiers and applications to all-optical signal processing,” Opt. Commun. 195, 167–177 (2001)
[Crossref]

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall’Ara, “20 Gb/s all-optical XOR with UNI gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834–836 (2000)
[Crossref]

T. Houbavlis, K. Zoiros, A. Hatziefremidis, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, H. Burkhard, and R. Dall’Ara, “10 Gbit/s all-optical Boolean XOR with SOA fiber Sagnac gate,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1650–1652 (1999)
[Crossref]

Guillemot, I.

T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, D. Wolfson, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, “Novel scheme for simple label-swapping employing XOR logic in an integrated interferometric wavelength converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 750–752 (2001)
[Crossref]

T. Fjelde, D. Wolfson, A. Kloch, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, “Demonstration of 20 Gbit/s all-optical logic XOR in integrated SOA-based interferometric wavelength converter,” Electron. Lett. 36 (22), 1863–1864 (2000)
[Crossref]

Gutierrez-Castrejon, R.

R. Gutierrez-Castrejon, L. Occhi, L. Schares, and G. Guekos, “Recovery dynamics of cross-modulated beam phase in semiconductor amplifiers and applications to all-optical signal processing,” Opt. Commun. 195, 167–177 (2001)
[Crossref]

Hall, K. L.

N. S. Patel, K. L. Hall, and K. A. Rauschenbach, “Interferometric all-optical switches for ultrafast signal processing,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2831–2842 (1998)
[Crossref]

K. L. Hall and K. A. Rauschenbach, “All-optical bit pattern generation and matching,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1214–1215 (1996)
[Crossref]

Hansmann, S.

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall’Ara, “20 Gb/s all-optical XOR with UNI gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834–836 (2000)
[Crossref]

T. Houbavlis, K. Zoiros, A. Hatziefremidis, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, H. Burkhard, and R. Dall’Ara, “10 Gbit/s all-optical Boolean XOR with SOA fiber Sagnac gate,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1650–1652 (1999)
[Crossref]

Hatori, N.

M. Sugawara, H. Ebe, N. Hatori, M. Ishida, Y. Arakawa, T. Akiyama, K. Otsubo, and Y. Nakata, “Theory of optical signal amplification and processing by quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 235332-1-39 (2004)
[Crossref]

M. Sugawara, T. Akiyama, N. Hatori, Y. Nakata, H. Ebe, and H. Ishikawa, “Quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers for high-bit-rate signal processing up to 160Gbs-1 and a new scheme of 3R regenerators,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 1683–1691 (2002)
[Crossref]

Hatziefremidis, A.

T. Houbavlis, K. Zoiros, A. Hatziefremidis, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, H. Burkhard, and R. Dall’Ara, “10 Gbit/s all-optical Boolean XOR with SOA fiber Sagnac gate,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1650–1652 (1999)
[Crossref]

Houbavlis, T.

T. Houbavlis, K. Zoiros, A. Hatziefremidis, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, H. Burkhard, and R. Dall’Ara, “10 Gbit/s all-optical Boolean XOR with SOA fiber Sagnac gate,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1650–1652 (1999)
[Crossref]

Ishida, M.

M. Sugawara, H. Ebe, N. Hatori, M. Ishida, Y. Arakawa, T. Akiyama, K. Otsubo, and Y. Nakata, “Theory of optical signal amplification and processing by quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 235332-1-39 (2004)
[Crossref]

Ishikawa, H.

M. Sugawara, T. Akiyama, N. Hatori, Y. Nakata, H. Ebe, and H. Ishikawa, “Quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers for high-bit-rate signal processing up to 160Gbs-1 and a new scheme of 3R regenerators,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 1683–1691 (2002)
[Crossref]

Jaques, J.

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Chen, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A. B. Piccirilli, and N. K. Dutta, “Study of all-optical XOR using Mach-Zehnder interferometer and differential scheme,” IEEE J.Quantum Electron.,  Vol.40, pp.703–710,2004
[Crossref]

H. Chen, G. Zhu, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A.B. Piccirilli, and N.K. Dutta, “All-optical logic XOR using a differential scheme and Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Electron. Lett. 38, 1271–1273 (2002)
[Crossref]

Jinno, M.

Kalyvas, M.

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall’Ara, “20 Gb/s all-optical XOR with UNI gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834–836 (2000)
[Crossref]

Kelly, A. E.

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, R. J. Manning, and A. E. Kelly, “All-optical pseudorandom number generator,” Opt. Commun. 159, 208–214 (1999)
[Crossref]

Kloch, A.

T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, D. Wolfson, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, “Novel scheme for simple label-swapping employing XOR logic in an integrated interferometric wavelength converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 750–752 (2001)
[Crossref]

T. Fjelde, D. Wolfson, A. Kloch, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, “Demonstration of 20 Gbit/s all-optical logic XOR in integrated SOA-based interferometric wavelength converter,” Electron. Lett. 36 (22), 1863–1864 (2000)
[Crossref]

Leuthold, J.

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Chen, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A. B. Piccirilli, and N. K. Dutta, “Study of all-optical XOR using Mach-Zehnder interferometer and differential scheme,” IEEE J.Quantum Electron.,  Vol.40, pp.703–710,2004
[Crossref]

H. Chen, G. Zhu, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A.B. Piccirilli, and N.K. Dutta, “All-optical logic XOR using a differential scheme and Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Electron. Lett. 38, 1271–1273 (2002)
[Crossref]

Manning, R. J.

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, R. J. Manning, and A. E. Kelly, “All-optical pseudorandom number generator,” Opt. Commun. 159, 208–214 (1999)
[Crossref]

Mark, J.

J. Mark and J. Mørk, “Subpicosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers; Experiment and theory,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2281–2283 (1992)
[Crossref]

Matsumoto, T.

Mecozzi, A.

A. Mecozzi and J. Mørk, “Saturation effect in nondegenerate four-wave mixing between short optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3–5, 1190–1207 (1997)

Mørk, J.

A. Mecozzi and J. Mørk, “Saturation effect in nondegenerate four-wave mixing between short optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3–5, 1190–1207 (1997)

J. Mark and J. Mørk, “Subpicosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers; Experiment and theory,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2281–2283 (1992)
[Crossref]

Nakata, Y.

M. Sugawara, H. Ebe, N. Hatori, M. Ishida, Y. Arakawa, T. Akiyama, K. Otsubo, and Y. Nakata, “Theory of optical signal amplification and processing by quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 235332-1-39 (2004)
[Crossref]

M. Sugawara, T. Akiyama, N. Hatori, Y. Nakata, H. Ebe, and H. Ishikawa, “Quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers for high-bit-rate signal processing up to 160Gbs-1 and a new scheme of 3R regenerators,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 1683–1691 (2002)
[Crossref]

Occhi, L.

R. Gutierrez-Castrejon, L. Occhi, L. Schares, and G. Guekos, “Recovery dynamics of cross-modulated beam phase in semiconductor amplifiers and applications to all-optical signal processing,” Opt. Commun. 195, 167–177 (2001)
[Crossref]

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall’Ara, “20 Gb/s all-optical XOR with UNI gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834–836 (2000)
[Crossref]

T. Houbavlis, K. Zoiros, A. Hatziefremidis, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, H. Burkhard, and R. Dall’Ara, “10 Gbit/s all-optical Boolean XOR with SOA fiber Sagnac gate,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1650–1652 (1999)
[Crossref]

Olsson, N.

G. Agrawal and N. Olsson, “Self-Phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE, J. Quantum Electron. 25–11, 2297–2306 (1989)
[Crossref]

Otsubo, K.

M. Sugawara, H. Ebe, N. Hatori, M. Ishida, Y. Arakawa, T. Akiyama, K. Otsubo, and Y. Nakata, “Theory of optical signal amplification and processing by quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 235332-1-39 (2004)
[Crossref]

Patel, N. S.

Piccirilli, A. B.

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Chen, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A. B. Piccirilli, and N. K. Dutta, “Study of all-optical XOR using Mach-Zehnder interferometer and differential scheme,” IEEE J.Quantum Electron.,  Vol.40, pp.703–710,2004
[Crossref]

Piccirilli, A.B.

H. Chen, G. Zhu, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A.B. Piccirilli, and N.K. Dutta, “All-optical logic XOR using a differential scheme and Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Electron. Lett. 38, 1271–1273 (2002)
[Crossref]

Poingt, F.

T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, D. Wolfson, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, “Novel scheme for simple label-swapping employing XOR logic in an integrated interferometric wavelength converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 750–752 (2001)
[Crossref]

T. Fjelde, D. Wolfson, A. Kloch, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, “Demonstration of 20 Gbit/s all-optical logic XOR in integrated SOA-based interferometric wavelength converter,” Electron. Lett. 36 (22), 1863–1864 (2000)
[Crossref]

Poustie, A. J.

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, R. J. Manning, and A. E. Kelly, “All-optical pseudorandom number generator,” Opt. Commun. 159, 208–214 (1999)
[Crossref]

Rauschenbach, K. A.

N. S. Patel, K. L. Hall, and K. A. Rauschenbach, “Interferometric all-optical switches for ultrafast signal processing,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2831–2842 (1998)
[Crossref]

K. L. Hall and K. A. Rauschenbach, “All-optical bit pattern generation and matching,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1214–1215 (1996)
[Crossref]

Renaud, M.

T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, D. Wolfson, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, “Novel scheme for simple label-swapping employing XOR logic in an integrated interferometric wavelength converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 750–752 (2001)
[Crossref]

T. Fjelde, D. Wolfson, A. Kloch, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, “Demonstration of 20 Gbit/s all-optical logic XOR in integrated SOA-based interferometric wavelength converter,” Electron. Lett. 36 (22), 1863–1864 (2000)
[Crossref]

Sakamoto, A.

A. Sakamoto and M. Sugawara “Theoretical calculation of lasing spectra of quantum-dot lasers: Effect of homogeneous broadening of optical gain,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.12–2, (2000)

Schares, L.

R. Gutierrez-Castrejon, L. Occhi, L. Schares, and G. Guekos, “Recovery dynamics of cross-modulated beam phase in semiconductor amplifiers and applications to all-optical signal processing,” Opt. Commun. 195, 167–177 (2001)
[Crossref]

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall’Ara, “20 Gb/s all-optical XOR with UNI gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834–836 (2000)
[Crossref]

Shore, K. A.

J. M. Tang and K. A. Shore, “Characteristic of Optical Phase Conjugation of Picosecond Pulses in Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35–7, 1032–1040 (1999)
[Crossref]

Stathopoulos, T.

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall’Ara, “20 Gb/s all-optical XOR with UNI gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834–836 (2000)
[Crossref]

Sugawara, M.

M. Sugawara, H. Ebe, N. Hatori, M. Ishida, Y. Arakawa, T. Akiyama, K. Otsubo, and Y. Nakata, “Theory of optical signal amplification and processing by quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 235332-1-39 (2004)
[Crossref]

M. Sugawara, T. Akiyama, N. Hatori, Y. Nakata, H. Ebe, and H. Ishikawa, “Quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers for high-bit-rate signal processing up to 160Gbs-1 and a new scheme of 3R regenerators,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 1683–1691 (2002)
[Crossref]

A. Sakamoto and M. Sugawara “Theoretical calculation of lasing spectra of quantum-dot lasers: Effect of homogeneous broadening of optical gain,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.12–2, (2000)

Tang, J. M.

J. M. Tang and K. A. Shore, “Characteristic of Optical Phase Conjugation of Picosecond Pulses in Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35–7, 1032–1040 (1999)
[Crossref]

Theophilopoulos, G.

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall’Ara, “20 Gb/s all-optical XOR with UNI gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834–836 (2000)
[Crossref]

Wang, Q.

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Chen, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A. B. Piccirilli, and N. K. Dutta, “Study of all-optical XOR using Mach-Zehnder interferometer and differential scheme,” IEEE J.Quantum Electron.,  Vol.40, pp.703–710,2004
[Crossref]

Wolfson, D.

T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, D. Wolfson, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, “Novel scheme for simple label-swapping employing XOR logic in an integrated interferometric wavelength converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 750–752 (2001)
[Crossref]

T. Fjelde, D. Wolfson, A. Kloch, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, “Demonstration of 20 Gbit/s all-optical logic XOR in integrated SOA-based interferometric wavelength converter,” Electron. Lett. 36 (22), 1863–1864 (2000)
[Crossref]

Zhu, G.

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Chen, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A. B. Piccirilli, and N. K. Dutta, “Study of all-optical XOR using Mach-Zehnder interferometer and differential scheme,” IEEE J.Quantum Electron.,  Vol.40, pp.703–710,2004
[Crossref]

H. Chen, G. Zhu, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A.B. Piccirilli, and N.K. Dutta, “All-optical logic XOR using a differential scheme and Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Electron. Lett. 38, 1271–1273 (2002)
[Crossref]

Zoiros, K.

T. Houbavlis, K. Zoiros, A. Hatziefremidis, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, H. Burkhard, and R. Dall’Ara, “10 Gbit/s all-optical Boolean XOR with SOA fiber Sagnac gate,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1650–1652 (1999)
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. Mark and J. Mørk, “Subpicosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers; Experiment and theory,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2281–2283 (1992)
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (4)

H. Chen, G. Zhu, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A.B. Piccirilli, and N.K. Dutta, “All-optical logic XOR using a differential scheme and Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Electron. Lett. 38, 1271–1273 (2002)
[Crossref]

K. L. Hall and K. A. Rauschenbach, “All-optical bit pattern generation and matching,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1214–1215 (1996)
[Crossref]

T. Houbavlis, K. Zoiros, A. Hatziefremidis, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, H. Burkhard, and R. Dall’Ara, “10 Gbit/s all-optical Boolean XOR with SOA fiber Sagnac gate,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1650–1652 (1999)
[Crossref]

T. Fjelde, D. Wolfson, A. Kloch, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, “Demonstration of 20 Gbit/s all-optical logic XOR in integrated SOA-based interferometric wavelength converter,” Electron. Lett. 36 (22), 1863–1864 (2000)
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. M. Tang and K. A. Shore, “Characteristic of Optical Phase Conjugation of Picosecond Pulses in Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35–7, 1032–1040 (1999)
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Mecozzi and J. Mørk, “Saturation effect in nondegenerate four-wave mixing between short optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3–5, 1190–1207 (1997)

IEEE J.Quantum Electron. (1)

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Chen, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A. B. Piccirilli, and N. K. Dutta, “Study of all-optical XOR using Mach-Zehnder interferometer and differential scheme,” IEEE J.Quantum Electron.,  Vol.40, pp.703–710,2004
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall’Ara, “20 Gb/s all-optical XOR with UNI gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834–836 (2000)
[Crossref]

T. Fjelde, A. Kloch, D. Wolfson, B. Dagens, A. Coquelin, I. Guillemot, F. Gaborit, F. Poingt, and M. Renaud, “Novel scheme for simple label-swapping employing XOR logic in an integrated interferometric wavelength converter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 750–752 (2001)
[Crossref]

IEEE, J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. Agrawal and N. Olsson, “Self-Phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE, J. Quantum Electron. 25–11, 2297–2306 (1989)
[Crossref]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

M. Sugawara, T. Akiyama, N. Hatori, Y. Nakata, H. Ebe, and H. Ishikawa, “Quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers for high-bit-rate signal processing up to 160Gbs-1 and a new scheme of 3R regenerators,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 1683–1691 (2002)
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (2)

R. Gutierrez-Castrejon, L. Occhi, L. Schares, and G. Guekos, “Recovery dynamics of cross-modulated beam phase in semiconductor amplifiers and applications to all-optical signal processing,” Opt. Commun. 195, 167–177 (2001)
[Crossref]

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, R. J. Manning, and A. E. Kelly, “All-optical pseudorandom number generator,” Opt. Commun. 159, 208–214 (1999)
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. Sugawara, H. Ebe, N. Hatori, M. Ishida, Y. Arakawa, T. Akiyama, K. Otsubo, and Y. Nakata, “Theory of optical signal amplification and processing by quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 235332-1-39 (2004)
[Crossref]

Other (2)

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber Optic Communication systems, (John Wiley, 1997) Section 4.5

A. Sakamoto and M. Sugawara “Theoretical calculation of lasing spectra of quantum-dot lasers: Effect of homogeneous broadening of optical gain,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.12–2, (2000)

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematic of a XOR operation using Mach-Zehnder modulator (b) Truth table of XOR operation

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

carrier injection model in the conduction band of a Quantum dot

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Calculated optical gain as a function of output optical power for various injected current densities. The gain decreases at a higher power at higher current density.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Calculated gain and phase change following a 1.5 ps wide, 1.8 pJ pulse for two different current densities.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Input pulses (top two traces) and XOR output (bottom trace) at 160Gb/s

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Pseudo eye diagrams at (a) 80Gb/s signal Q=12.79 (b) 160Gb/s Q=5.77 (c) 250Gb/s Q=2.02 (d) 80Gb/s signal Q=19.72 (e) 160Gb/s Q=7.87 (f) 250Gb/s Q=5.92 The entire axis is 1 bit period i.e. in each case the pulse width is the same fraction (20 %) of the bit period.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

The calculated Q is plotted as a function of injected current density. (a) τw→d =6ps (b) τw→d =1ps

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

The calculated Q as a function of the ratio of the pulse width to bit period (τw→d =1ps, Injection=2 kA/cm2)

Equations (16)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

d N w d t = J e d N w τ w d ( 1 N i d N i max ) N w τ w r + i N i d τ d w
d N i d d t = N w τ w d ( 1 N i d N i max ) N i d τ d r i N i d τ d w Γ g S
g SHB t = g SHB τ SHB ε SHB τ SHB g total S ( t , z ) ( g CH t + g l t )
g CH t = g CH τ CH ε CH τ CH g total S ( t , z )
g total = g l + g SHB + g CH
S ( t , z ) z = Γ g S ( t , z )
S ( t , z ) = S ( t , 0 ) G ( t , z )
0 z Γ g S ( t , z ) d z = S ( t , z ) S ( t , 0 ) = [ G ( t , z ) 1 ] S ( t , 0 )
d h d d t = h w τ w d ( 1 h d h max ) h d τ d r [ Exp ( h d + h SHB + h CH ) 1 ] S ( t , 0 )
d h w d t = ( h in h w ) τ w r h w τ w d ( 1 h d h max )
d h SHB d t = h SHB τ SHB ε SHB τ SHB [ Exp ( h d + h SHB + h CH ) 1 ] S ( t , 0 ) d h d d t d h CH d t
d h CH d t = h CH τ CH ε CH τ CH [ Exp ( h d + h SHB + h CH ) 1 ] S ( t , 0 )
ϕ ( t ) = 1 2 [ α h d ( t ) + α CH h CH ( t ) ]
P X OR ( t ) = P in 4 { G 1 ( t ) + G 2 ( t ) 2 G 1 ( t ) G 2 ( t ) cos [ ϕ 1 ( t ) ϕ 2 ( t ) ] }
ϕ 1 ( t ) ϕ 2 ( t ) = α 2 ln ( G 1 Linear ( t ) G 2 Linear ( t ) ) α CH 2 ln ( G 1 CH ( t ) G 2 CH ( t ) )
Q = P 1 ¯ P 0 ¯ σ 1 + σ 2

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