Abstract

A new charge-coupled device (CCD) spectrometer has been studied and constructed by using a two-dimensional CCD detector and an integrated grating consisting of 10 subgratings. Effective spectral images of 268 mm along the dispersion direction have been densely folded 10 times to cover the full 200–1000 nm working wavelength range without any mechanical moving elements. The results show that the system has a spectral resolution and acquisition time of better than 0.07 nm and less than 100 ms, respectively, in the entire spectral range after system calibration.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. P. Bacon , Y. Mattley , and R. DeFrece , “ Miniature spectroscopic instrumentation: Application to biology and chemistry ,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.   75 , 1 – 16 ( 2004 ).
    [Crossref]
  2. HORIBA Jobin Yvon , Inc., Optical Spectrometer Division: TRIAX Series, OSD-0002, REV. A. 3., Oriel Corporation, 250 Long Beach Blvd., Stratford, Conn., 06497-0872, USA.
  3. S. B. Utter and J. R. C. Lopez-Urrutia , “ Design and implementation of a high-resolution, high-efficiency optical spectrometer ,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.   73 , 3737 – 3741 ( 2002 ).
    [Crossref]
  4. P. A. Jones , “ Image spectrometer using a grating in divergent light ,” Proc. SPIE   1937 , 234 – 243 ( 1993 ).
    [Crossref]
  5. E. Sokolova and S. D. A. Reyes Cortes , “ Wide range CCD spectrometer ,” Proc. SPIE   2774 , 573 – 580 ( 1996 ).
    [Crossref]
  6. J. M. Haenly and R. E. Fields , “ Solid-state array detectors, for analytical spectrometry ,” Appl. Spectrosc.   51 , 334 – 351 ( 1997 ).
    [Crossref]
  7. T. Han , W. M. Ni , P. Zhou , H. Y. You , J. H. Jia , S. Y Wang , L. Y Chen , and D. W. Lynch , “ A new spectrometer using multiple gratings with a two-dimensional charge-coupled diode array detector ,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.   74 , 2973 – 2976 ( 2003 ).
    [Crossref]
  8. E. Sokolova , “ Holographic diffraction gratings for the flat field spectrometers ,” J. Mod. Opt.   47 , 2377 – 2389 ( 2000 ).
  9. VersArray:1300B, Roper Industries, Inc., 2160 Satellite Blvd. Suite 200, Duluth, Ga. 30097 USA.
  10. Optometrics USA, Inc., Stony Brook Industrial Park, Mass. 01432 USA.
  11. M. Born and E. Wolf , Principles of Optics , 6th ed, ( Pergamon Press, Oxford , 1993 ), pp. 401 – 428 .

2004 (1)

C. P. Bacon , Y. Mattley , and R. DeFrece , “ Miniature spectroscopic instrumentation: Application to biology and chemistry ,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.   75 , 1 – 16 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

T. Han , W. M. Ni , P. Zhou , H. Y. You , J. H. Jia , S. Y Wang , L. Y Chen , and D. W. Lynch , “ A new spectrometer using multiple gratings with a two-dimensional charge-coupled diode array detector ,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.   74 , 2973 – 2976 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

S. B. Utter and J. R. C. Lopez-Urrutia , “ Design and implementation of a high-resolution, high-efficiency optical spectrometer ,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.   73 , 3737 – 3741 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

E. Sokolova , “ Holographic diffraction gratings for the flat field spectrometers ,” J. Mod. Opt.   47 , 2377 – 2389 ( 2000 ).

1997 (1)

J. M. Haenly and R. E. Fields , “ Solid-state array detectors, for analytical spectrometry ,” Appl. Spectrosc.   51 , 334 – 351 ( 1997 ).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

E. Sokolova and S. D. A. Reyes Cortes , “ Wide range CCD spectrometer ,” Proc. SPIE   2774 , 573 – 580 ( 1996 ).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

P. A. Jones , “ Image spectrometer using a grating in divergent light ,” Proc. SPIE   1937 , 234 – 243 ( 1993 ).
[Crossref]

Bacon, C. P.

C. P. Bacon , Y. Mattley , and R. DeFrece , “ Miniature spectroscopic instrumentation: Application to biology and chemistry ,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.   75 , 1 – 16 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolf , Principles of Optics , 6th ed, ( Pergamon Press, Oxford , 1993 ), pp. 401 – 428 .

Chen, L. Y

T. Han , W. M. Ni , P. Zhou , H. Y. You , J. H. Jia , S. Y Wang , L. Y Chen , and D. W. Lynch , “ A new spectrometer using multiple gratings with a two-dimensional charge-coupled diode array detector ,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.   74 , 2973 – 2976 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

DeFrece, R.

C. P. Bacon , Y. Mattley , and R. DeFrece , “ Miniature spectroscopic instrumentation: Application to biology and chemistry ,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.   75 , 1 – 16 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Fields, R. E.

J. M. Haenly and R. E. Fields , “ Solid-state array detectors, for analytical spectrometry ,” Appl. Spectrosc.   51 , 334 – 351 ( 1997 ).
[Crossref]

Haenly, J. M.

J. M. Haenly and R. E. Fields , “ Solid-state array detectors, for analytical spectrometry ,” Appl. Spectrosc.   51 , 334 – 351 ( 1997 ).
[Crossref]

Han, T.

T. Han , W. M. Ni , P. Zhou , H. Y. You , J. H. Jia , S. Y Wang , L. Y Chen , and D. W. Lynch , “ A new spectrometer using multiple gratings with a two-dimensional charge-coupled diode array detector ,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.   74 , 2973 – 2976 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Jia, J. H.

T. Han , W. M. Ni , P. Zhou , H. Y. You , J. H. Jia , S. Y Wang , L. Y Chen , and D. W. Lynch , “ A new spectrometer using multiple gratings with a two-dimensional charge-coupled diode array detector ,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.   74 , 2973 – 2976 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Jobin Yvon, HORIBA

HORIBA Jobin Yvon , Inc., Optical Spectrometer Division: TRIAX Series, OSD-0002, REV. A. 3., Oriel Corporation, 250 Long Beach Blvd., Stratford, Conn., 06497-0872, USA.

Jones, P. A.

P. A. Jones , “ Image spectrometer using a grating in divergent light ,” Proc. SPIE   1937 , 234 – 243 ( 1993 ).
[Crossref]

Lopez-Urrutia, J. R. C.

S. B. Utter and J. R. C. Lopez-Urrutia , “ Design and implementation of a high-resolution, high-efficiency optical spectrometer ,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.   73 , 3737 – 3741 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

Lynch, D. W.

T. Han , W. M. Ni , P. Zhou , H. Y. You , J. H. Jia , S. Y Wang , L. Y Chen , and D. W. Lynch , “ A new spectrometer using multiple gratings with a two-dimensional charge-coupled diode array detector ,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.   74 , 2973 – 2976 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Mattley, Y.

C. P. Bacon , Y. Mattley , and R. DeFrece , “ Miniature spectroscopic instrumentation: Application to biology and chemistry ,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.   75 , 1 – 16 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

Ni, W. M.

T. Han , W. M. Ni , P. Zhou , H. Y. You , J. H. Jia , S. Y Wang , L. Y Chen , and D. W. Lynch , “ A new spectrometer using multiple gratings with a two-dimensional charge-coupled diode array detector ,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.   74 , 2973 – 2976 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Reyes Cortes, S. D. A.

E. Sokolova and S. D. A. Reyes Cortes , “ Wide range CCD spectrometer ,” Proc. SPIE   2774 , 573 – 580 ( 1996 ).
[Crossref]

Sokolova, E.

E. Sokolova , “ Holographic diffraction gratings for the flat field spectrometers ,” J. Mod. Opt.   47 , 2377 – 2389 ( 2000 ).

E. Sokolova and S. D. A. Reyes Cortes , “ Wide range CCD spectrometer ,” Proc. SPIE   2774 , 573 – 580 ( 1996 ).
[Crossref]

Utter, S. B.

S. B. Utter and J. R. C. Lopez-Urrutia , “ Design and implementation of a high-resolution, high-efficiency optical spectrometer ,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.   73 , 3737 – 3741 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

Wang, S. Y

T. Han , W. M. Ni , P. Zhou , H. Y. You , J. H. Jia , S. Y Wang , L. Y Chen , and D. W. Lynch , “ A new spectrometer using multiple gratings with a two-dimensional charge-coupled diode array detector ,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.   74 , 2973 – 2976 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Wolf, E.

M. Born and E. Wolf , Principles of Optics , 6th ed, ( Pergamon Press, Oxford , 1993 ), pp. 401 – 428 .

You, H. Y.

T. Han , W. M. Ni , P. Zhou , H. Y. You , J. H. Jia , S. Y Wang , L. Y Chen , and D. W. Lynch , “ A new spectrometer using multiple gratings with a two-dimensional charge-coupled diode array detector ,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.   74 , 2973 – 2976 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Zhou, P.

T. Han , W. M. Ni , P. Zhou , H. Y. You , J. H. Jia , S. Y Wang , L. Y Chen , and D. W. Lynch , “ A new spectrometer using multiple gratings with a two-dimensional charge-coupled diode array detector ,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.   74 , 2973 – 2976 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Appl. Spectrosc. (1)

J. M. Haenly and R. E. Fields , “ Solid-state array detectors, for analytical spectrometry ,” Appl. Spectrosc.   51 , 334 – 351 ( 1997 ).
[Crossref]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

E. Sokolova , “ Holographic diffraction gratings for the flat field spectrometers ,” J. Mod. Opt.   47 , 2377 – 2389 ( 2000 ).

Proc. SPIE (2)

P. A. Jones , “ Image spectrometer using a grating in divergent light ,” Proc. SPIE   1937 , 234 – 243 ( 1993 ).
[Crossref]

E. Sokolova and S. D. A. Reyes Cortes , “ Wide range CCD spectrometer ,” Proc. SPIE   2774 , 573 – 580 ( 1996 ).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (3)

C. P. Bacon , Y. Mattley , and R. DeFrece , “ Miniature spectroscopic instrumentation: Application to biology and chemistry ,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.   75 , 1 – 16 ( 2004 ).
[Crossref]

T. Han , W. M. Ni , P. Zhou , H. Y. You , J. H. Jia , S. Y Wang , L. Y Chen , and D. W. Lynch , “ A new spectrometer using multiple gratings with a two-dimensional charge-coupled diode array detector ,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.   74 , 2973 – 2976 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

S. B. Utter and J. R. C. Lopez-Urrutia , “ Design and implementation of a high-resolution, high-efficiency optical spectrometer ,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.   73 , 3737 – 3741 ( 2002 ).
[Crossref]

Other (4)

HORIBA Jobin Yvon , Inc., Optical Spectrometer Division: TRIAX Series, OSD-0002, REV. A. 3., Oriel Corporation, 250 Long Beach Blvd., Stratford, Conn., 06497-0872, USA.

VersArray:1300B, Roper Industries, Inc., 2160 Satellite Blvd. Suite 200, Duluth, Ga. 30097 USA.

Optometrics USA, Inc., Stony Brook Industrial Park, Mass. 01432 USA.

M. Born and E. Wolf , Principles of Optics , 6th ed, ( Pergamon Press, Oxford , 1993 ), pp. 401 – 428 .

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic structure of the spectrometer. (a). Optical configuration of the spectrometer: M1, the plane mirror; M2, the spherical mirror; M3, the toroidal mirror; G, the integrated grating consisting of 10 subgratings; F, the filters; D, the CCD detector. (b). Detailed photo picture to show the internal configuration of the spectrometer.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Spectral pattern of Hg lamp with 10 sub-wavelength regions was imaged on the focal plane of the CCD detector.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Calibrated curves of the wavelength to pixel positions for the 10 subgratings fixed at different incidence angles.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measured 632.8 nm spectral line of the He-Ne laser light source having the FWHM value of about 0.12 nm.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Measured spectral lines of the Hg lamp to show those well-resolved lines with fine resolution.

Equations (5)

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= d ( sin θ ± sin i ) ,
sin θ 2 sin θ 1 = ( λ 2 λ 1 ) d = Δλ d .
Δ ( sin θ ) = sin θ 2 sin θ 1 = sin θ 3 sin θ 2 = sin θ 10 sin θ 9
= ( λ 2 λ 1 ) d = ( λ 3 λ 2 ) d = …… = ( λ 10 λ 9 ) d = Δλ d .
λ ( x ) = a 0 + a 1 x + a 2 x 2 + a 3 x 3 .

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