Abstract

The super-resolution capability of the AgOx-type super-resolution near-field structure disk with silver nanoparticles was studied using finite-difference time-domain method at different incident light frequencies. The near fields exhibited strongly local field enhancement around silver nanoparticles in the AgOx layer due to localized surface plasmon. The subwavelength recording marks smaller than λ/10 were distinguishable since the metallic nanoparticles with high localized fields transferred evanescent waves to detectable signals in the far field. The far-field signals from random silver nanoparticles displayed similar behaviors as those from single nanoparticle and red-shifts of peak frequencies from particle-particle interaction.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. Ohtsu , K. Kobayashi , T. Kawazoe , S. Sangu , and T. Yatsui , “ Nanophotonics: design, fabrication, and operation of nanometric devices using optical near fields ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   8 , 839 – 862 ( 2002 ).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. N. Prasad , “ Nanophotonics ” ( Wiley, Hoboken, NJ , 2004 ).
  3. T. W. Ebbesen , H. J. Lezec , H. F. Ghaemi , T. Thio , and P. A. Wolff , “ Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays ,” Nature ,   391 , 667 – 669 ( 1998 ).
    [CrossRef]
  4. V. M. Shalaev , ed., “ Optical Properties of Nanostructured Random Media ” ( Springer-Verlag, Berlin , 2002 ).
  5. Antoly V Zayats and Igor O Smolyaninov , “ Near-field photonic: surface plasmon polaritons and locallized surface plasmons ,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt.   5 , S16 – S50 ( 2003 ).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. Bohren and D. Huffman , “ Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles ” ( Wiley, New York , 1983 ).
  7. D. A. Schultz ,“ Plasmon resonant particles for biological detection ,” Curr. Opin. Biotechnol.   14 , 13 – 22 ( 2003 ).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. S. A. Maier , M. L. Brongersma , P. G. Kik , S. Meltzer , A. A. G. Requicha , and H. A. Atwater , “ Plasmonics - A route to nanoscale optical devices ,” Adv. Mater.   13 , 1501 – 1505 ( 2001 ).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Hell and J. Wichmann , “ Breaking the diffraction resolution limit by stimulated emission: stimulated-emission-depletion fluorescence microscopy ,” Opt. Lett.   19 , 780 – 782 ( 1994 ).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. T. A. Klar , S. Jakobs , M. Dyba , A. Egner , and S. W. Hell , “ Fluorescence microscopy with diffraction resolution barrier broken by stimulated emission ,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.   97 , 8206 – 8210 ( 2000 ).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. E. Betzig , J. Trautman , and J. R. Wolfe , “ Near-field magneto-optics and high density data storage ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   61 , 142 – 144 ( 1992 ).
    [CrossRef]
  12. B. D. Terris , H. J. Mamin , D. Rugar , W. R. Studenmund , and G. S. Kino , “ Near-field optical data storage using a solid immersion lens ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   65 , 388 – 390 ( 1994 ).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Tominaga , T. Nakano , and N. Atoda , “ An approach for recording and readout beyond the diffraction limit with an Sb thin film ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   73 , 2078 – 2080 ( 1998 ).
    [CrossRef]
  14. H. Fuji , J. Tominaga , L. Men , and T. Nakano , “ A near-field recording and readout technology using a metallic probe in an optical disk ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   39 , 980 – 981 ( 2000 ).
    [CrossRef]
  15. T. Kikukawa , T. Nakano , T. Shima , and J. Tominaga , “ Rigid bubble pit formation and huge signal enhancement in super-resolution near-field structure disk with platinum-oxide layer ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   81 , 4697 – 4699 ( 2002 ).
    [CrossRef]
  16. L. Shi , T. C. Chong , P. K. Tan , J. Li , X. Hu , X. Miao , and Q. Wang , “ Investigation on super-resolution near-field blu-ray-type phase-change optical disk with Sb 2 Te 3 mask layer ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   44 , 3615 – 3619 ( 2005 ).
    [CrossRef]
  17. T. Shima , T. Nakano , J. Kim , and J. Tominaga , “ Super-RENS disk for blue laser system retrieving signals from polycarbonate substrate side ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   44 , 3631 – 3633 ( 2005 ).
    [CrossRef]
  18. W.-C. Liu , C.-Y. Wen , K.-H. Chen , W. C. Lin , and D. P. Tsai , “ Near-field images of the AgO x -type super-resolution near-field structure ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   78 , 685 – 687 ( 2001 ).
    [CrossRef]
  19. T. Nakano , Y. Yamakawa , J. Tominaga , and N. Atoda , “ Near-field optical simulation of super-resolution near-field structure disks ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   40 , 1531 – 1535 ( 2001 ).
    [CrossRef]
  20. L. P. Shi , T. C. Chong , X. S. Miao , P. K. Tan , and J. M. Li , “ A new structure of super-resolution near-field phase-change optical disk with a Sb 2 Te 3 mask layer ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   40 , 1649 – 1650 ( 2001 ).
    [CrossRef]
  21. L. P. Shi , T. C. Chong , H. B. Yao , P. K. Tan , and X. S. Miao , “ Super-resolution near-field optical disk with an additional localized surface plasmon coupling layer ,” J, Appl. Phys.   91 , 10209 – 10211 ( 2002 ).
    [CrossRef]
  22. W.-C. Liu and D. P. Tsai , “ Nonlinear near-field optical effects of the AgO x -type super-resolution near-field structure ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   42 , 1031 – 1032 ( 2003 ).
    [CrossRef]
  23. W.-C. Liu , M.-Y. Ng , and D. P. Tsai , “ Surface plasmon effects on the far-field signals of Ago x -type super-resolution near-field structure ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   43 , 4713 – 4717 ( 2004 ).
    [CrossRef]
  24. W.-C. Liu , M.-Y. Ng , and D. P. Tsai , “ Enhanced resolution of AgO x -type super-RENS disks with periodic silver nanoclusters ,” Scanning ,   26 , I98 – I101 ( 2004 ).
    [PubMed]
  25. T. C. Chu , W.-C. Liu , and D. P. Tsai , “ Enhanced resolution induced by random silver nanoparticles in near-field optical disks ,” Opt. Commun.   246 , 561 – 567 ( 2005 ).
    [CrossRef]
  26. E. Wolf and M. Nieto-Vesperinas , “ Analyticity of the angular spectrum amplitude of scattered fields and some of its consequences ,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A ,   2 , 886 – 890 ( 1985 ).
    [CrossRef]
  27. M. Kuwahara , T. Nakano , J. Tominaga , M. B. Lee , and N. Atoda , “ High-speed optical near-field photolithography by super resolution near-field structure ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   38 , L1079 – L1081 ( 1999 ).
    [CrossRef]
  28. J. Tominaga , C. Mihalcea , D. Buechel , H. Fukuda , T. Nakano , N. Atoda , H. Fuji , and T. Kikukawa , “ Local plasmon photonic transistor ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   78 , 2417 – 2419 ( 2001 ).
    [CrossRef]
  29. A. Taflove , “ Computational Electrodynamics ” ( Artech House. Boston-London , 1995 ).
  30. Edward D. Palik ed., “ Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids ” ( Academic, Orlando, Fla. , 1985 ).
  31. J.B. Judkins and R. W. Ziolkowski , “ Finite-difference time-domain modeling of nonperfectly conducting metallic thin-film gratings ,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A   12 , 1974 – 1983 ( 1995 ).
    [CrossRef]
  32. K.-P. Charle , L. Konig , S. Nepijko , I. Rabin , and W. Schulze , “ The surface plasmon resonance in free and embedded Ag-cluster in the size range 1.5 nm < D < 30 nm ,” Cryst. Res. Technol.   33 , 1085 – 1096 ( 1998 ).
    [CrossRef]
  33. S. D. Gedney , “ The perfectly matched layer absorbing medium ,” in ” Advances in Computational Electrodynamics ”, A. Taflove ed. ( Artech House, Boston, MA , 1998 ).
  34. J. Tominaga , T. Shima , M. Kuwahara , T. Fukaya , A. Kolobov , and T. Nakano , “ Ferroelectric catastrophe: beyond nanometre-scale optical resolution ,” Nanotechnology   15 , 411 – 415 ( 2004 ).
    [CrossRef]
  35. A. V. Kolobov , P. Fons , A. I. Frenkel , A. L. Ankudinov , J. Tominaga , and T. Uruga , “ Understanding the phase-change mechanism of rewritable optical media ,” Nat. Mater.   3 , 703 – 708 ( 2004 ).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

L. Shi , T. C. Chong , P. K. Tan , J. Li , X. Hu , X. Miao , and Q. Wang , “ Investigation on super-resolution near-field blu-ray-type phase-change optical disk with Sb 2 Te 3 mask layer ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   44 , 3615 – 3619 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

T. Shima , T. Nakano , J. Kim , and J. Tominaga , “ Super-RENS disk for blue laser system retrieving signals from polycarbonate substrate side ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   44 , 3631 – 3633 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

T. C. Chu , W.-C. Liu , and D. P. Tsai , “ Enhanced resolution induced by random silver nanoparticles in near-field optical disks ,” Opt. Commun.   246 , 561 – 567 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

2004 (4)

W.-C. Liu , M.-Y. Ng , and D. P. Tsai , “ Surface plasmon effects on the far-field signals of Ago x -type super-resolution near-field structure ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   43 , 4713 – 4717 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

W.-C. Liu , M.-Y. Ng , and D. P. Tsai , “ Enhanced resolution of AgO x -type super-RENS disks with periodic silver nanoclusters ,” Scanning ,   26 , I98 – I101 ( 2004 ).
[PubMed]

J. Tominaga , T. Shima , M. Kuwahara , T. Fukaya , A. Kolobov , and T. Nakano , “ Ferroelectric catastrophe: beyond nanometre-scale optical resolution ,” Nanotechnology   15 , 411 – 415 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Kolobov , P. Fons , A. I. Frenkel , A. L. Ankudinov , J. Tominaga , and T. Uruga , “ Understanding the phase-change mechanism of rewritable optical media ,” Nat. Mater.   3 , 703 – 708 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (3)

Antoly V Zayats and Igor O Smolyaninov , “ Near-field photonic: surface plasmon polaritons and locallized surface plasmons ,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt.   5 , S16 – S50 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Schultz ,“ Plasmon resonant particles for biological detection ,” Curr. Opin. Biotechnol.   14 , 13 – 22 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W.-C. Liu and D. P. Tsai , “ Nonlinear near-field optical effects of the AgO x -type super-resolution near-field structure ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   42 , 1031 – 1032 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

L. P. Shi , T. C. Chong , H. B. Yao , P. K. Tan , and X. S. Miao , “ Super-resolution near-field optical disk with an additional localized surface plasmon coupling layer ,” J, Appl. Phys.   91 , 10209 – 10211 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

T. Kikukawa , T. Nakano , T. Shima , and J. Tominaga , “ Rigid bubble pit formation and huge signal enhancement in super-resolution near-field structure disk with platinum-oxide layer ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   81 , 4697 – 4699 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

M. Ohtsu , K. Kobayashi , T. Kawazoe , S. Sangu , and T. Yatsui , “ Nanophotonics: design, fabrication, and operation of nanometric devices using optical near fields ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   8 , 839 – 862 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

2001 (5)

W.-C. Liu , C.-Y. Wen , K.-H. Chen , W. C. Lin , and D. P. Tsai , “ Near-field images of the AgO x -type super-resolution near-field structure ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   78 , 685 – 687 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

T. Nakano , Y. Yamakawa , J. Tominaga , and N. Atoda , “ Near-field optical simulation of super-resolution near-field structure disks ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   40 , 1531 – 1535 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

L. P. Shi , T. C. Chong , X. S. Miao , P. K. Tan , and J. M. Li , “ A new structure of super-resolution near-field phase-change optical disk with a Sb 2 Te 3 mask layer ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   40 , 1649 – 1650 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Maier , M. L. Brongersma , P. G. Kik , S. Meltzer , A. A. G. Requicha , and H. A. Atwater , “ Plasmonics - A route to nanoscale optical devices ,” Adv. Mater.   13 , 1501 – 1505 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

J. Tominaga , C. Mihalcea , D. Buechel , H. Fukuda , T. Nakano , N. Atoda , H. Fuji , and T. Kikukawa , “ Local plasmon photonic transistor ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   78 , 2417 – 2419 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

T. A. Klar , S. Jakobs , M. Dyba , A. Egner , and S. W. Hell , “ Fluorescence microscopy with diffraction resolution barrier broken by stimulated emission ,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.   97 , 8206 – 8210 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Fuji , J. Tominaga , L. Men , and T. Nakano , “ A near-field recording and readout technology using a metallic probe in an optical disk ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   39 , 980 – 981 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

M. Kuwahara , T. Nakano , J. Tominaga , M. B. Lee , and N. Atoda , “ High-speed optical near-field photolithography by super resolution near-field structure ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   38 , L1079 – L1081 ( 1999 ).
[CrossRef]

1998 (3)

K.-P. Charle , L. Konig , S. Nepijko , I. Rabin , and W. Schulze , “ The surface plasmon resonance in free and embedded Ag-cluster in the size range 1.5 nm < D < 30 nm ,” Cryst. Res. Technol.   33 , 1085 – 1096 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen , H. J. Lezec , H. F. Ghaemi , T. Thio , and P. A. Wolff , “ Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays ,” Nature ,   391 , 667 – 669 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

J. Tominaga , T. Nakano , and N. Atoda , “ An approach for recording and readout beyond the diffraction limit with an Sb thin film ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   73 , 2078 – 2080 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1994 (2)

S. Hell and J. Wichmann , “ Breaking the diffraction resolution limit by stimulated emission: stimulated-emission-depletion fluorescence microscopy ,” Opt. Lett.   19 , 780 – 782 ( 1994 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. D. Terris , H. J. Mamin , D. Rugar , W. R. Studenmund , and G. S. Kino , “ Near-field optical data storage using a solid immersion lens ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   65 , 388 – 390 ( 1994 ).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

E. Betzig , J. Trautman , and J. R. Wolfe , “ Near-field magneto-optics and high density data storage ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   61 , 142 – 144 ( 1992 ).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

Ankudinov, A. L.

A. V. Kolobov , P. Fons , A. I. Frenkel , A. L. Ankudinov , J. Tominaga , and T. Uruga , “ Understanding the phase-change mechanism of rewritable optical media ,” Nat. Mater.   3 , 703 – 708 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Atoda, N.

J. Tominaga , C. Mihalcea , D. Buechel , H. Fukuda , T. Nakano , N. Atoda , H. Fuji , and T. Kikukawa , “ Local plasmon photonic transistor ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   78 , 2417 – 2419 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

T. Nakano , Y. Yamakawa , J. Tominaga , and N. Atoda , “ Near-field optical simulation of super-resolution near-field structure disks ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   40 , 1531 – 1535 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

M. Kuwahara , T. Nakano , J. Tominaga , M. B. Lee , and N. Atoda , “ High-speed optical near-field photolithography by super resolution near-field structure ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   38 , L1079 – L1081 ( 1999 ).
[CrossRef]

J. Tominaga , T. Nakano , and N. Atoda , “ An approach for recording and readout beyond the diffraction limit with an Sb thin film ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   73 , 2078 – 2080 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

Atwater, H. A.

S. A. Maier , M. L. Brongersma , P. G. Kik , S. Meltzer , A. A. G. Requicha , and H. A. Atwater , “ Plasmonics - A route to nanoscale optical devices ,” Adv. Mater.   13 , 1501 – 1505 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

Betzig, E.

E. Betzig , J. Trautman , and J. R. Wolfe , “ Near-field magneto-optics and high density data storage ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   61 , 142 – 144 ( 1992 ).
[CrossRef]

Bohren, C.

C. Bohren and D. Huffman , “ Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles ” ( Wiley, New York , 1983 ).

Brongersma, M. L.

S. A. Maier , M. L. Brongersma , P. G. Kik , S. Meltzer , A. A. G. Requicha , and H. A. Atwater , “ Plasmonics - A route to nanoscale optical devices ,” Adv. Mater.   13 , 1501 – 1505 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

Buechel, D.

J. Tominaga , C. Mihalcea , D. Buechel , H. Fukuda , T. Nakano , N. Atoda , H. Fuji , and T. Kikukawa , “ Local plasmon photonic transistor ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   78 , 2417 – 2419 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

Charle, K.-P.

K.-P. Charle , L. Konig , S. Nepijko , I. Rabin , and W. Schulze , “ The surface plasmon resonance in free and embedded Ag-cluster in the size range 1.5 nm < D < 30 nm ,” Cryst. Res. Technol.   33 , 1085 – 1096 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

Chen, K.-H.

W.-C. Liu , C.-Y. Wen , K.-H. Chen , W. C. Lin , and D. P. Tsai , “ Near-field images of the AgO x -type super-resolution near-field structure ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   78 , 685 – 687 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

Chong, T. C.

L. Shi , T. C. Chong , P. K. Tan , J. Li , X. Hu , X. Miao , and Q. Wang , “ Investigation on super-resolution near-field blu-ray-type phase-change optical disk with Sb 2 Te 3 mask layer ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   44 , 3615 – 3619 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

L. P. Shi , T. C. Chong , H. B. Yao , P. K. Tan , and X. S. Miao , “ Super-resolution near-field optical disk with an additional localized surface plasmon coupling layer ,” J, Appl. Phys.   91 , 10209 – 10211 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

L. P. Shi , T. C. Chong , X. S. Miao , P. K. Tan , and J. M. Li , “ A new structure of super-resolution near-field phase-change optical disk with a Sb 2 Te 3 mask layer ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   40 , 1649 – 1650 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

Chu, T. C.

T. C. Chu , W.-C. Liu , and D. P. Tsai , “ Enhanced resolution induced by random silver nanoparticles in near-field optical disks ,” Opt. Commun.   246 , 561 – 567 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

Dyba, M.

T. A. Klar , S. Jakobs , M. Dyba , A. Egner , and S. W. Hell , “ Fluorescence microscopy with diffraction resolution barrier broken by stimulated emission ,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.   97 , 8206 – 8210 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ebbesen, T. W.

T. W. Ebbesen , H. J. Lezec , H. F. Ghaemi , T. Thio , and P. A. Wolff , “ Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays ,” Nature ,   391 , 667 – 669 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

Egner, A.

T. A. Klar , S. Jakobs , M. Dyba , A. Egner , and S. W. Hell , “ Fluorescence microscopy with diffraction resolution barrier broken by stimulated emission ,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.   97 , 8206 – 8210 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fons, P.

A. V. Kolobov , P. Fons , A. I. Frenkel , A. L. Ankudinov , J. Tominaga , and T. Uruga , “ Understanding the phase-change mechanism of rewritable optical media ,” Nat. Mater.   3 , 703 – 708 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Frenkel, A. I.

A. V. Kolobov , P. Fons , A. I. Frenkel , A. L. Ankudinov , J. Tominaga , and T. Uruga , “ Understanding the phase-change mechanism of rewritable optical media ,” Nat. Mater.   3 , 703 – 708 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fuji, H.

J. Tominaga , C. Mihalcea , D. Buechel , H. Fukuda , T. Nakano , N. Atoda , H. Fuji , and T. Kikukawa , “ Local plasmon photonic transistor ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   78 , 2417 – 2419 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

H. Fuji , J. Tominaga , L. Men , and T. Nakano , “ A near-field recording and readout technology using a metallic probe in an optical disk ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   39 , 980 – 981 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

Fukaya, T.

J. Tominaga , T. Shima , M. Kuwahara , T. Fukaya , A. Kolobov , and T. Nakano , “ Ferroelectric catastrophe: beyond nanometre-scale optical resolution ,” Nanotechnology   15 , 411 – 415 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

Fukuda, H.

J. Tominaga , C. Mihalcea , D. Buechel , H. Fukuda , T. Nakano , N. Atoda , H. Fuji , and T. Kikukawa , “ Local plasmon photonic transistor ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   78 , 2417 – 2419 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

Gedney, S. D.

S. D. Gedney , “ The perfectly matched layer absorbing medium ,” in ” Advances in Computational Electrodynamics ”, A. Taflove ed. ( Artech House, Boston, MA , 1998 ).

Ghaemi, H. F.

T. W. Ebbesen , H. J. Lezec , H. F. Ghaemi , T. Thio , and P. A. Wolff , “ Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays ,” Nature ,   391 , 667 – 669 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

Hell, S.

Hell, S. W.

T. A. Klar , S. Jakobs , M. Dyba , A. Egner , and S. W. Hell , “ Fluorescence microscopy with diffraction resolution barrier broken by stimulated emission ,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.   97 , 8206 – 8210 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hu, X.

L. Shi , T. C. Chong , P. K. Tan , J. Li , X. Hu , X. Miao , and Q. Wang , “ Investigation on super-resolution near-field blu-ray-type phase-change optical disk with Sb 2 Te 3 mask layer ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   44 , 3615 – 3619 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

Huffman, D.

C. Bohren and D. Huffman , “ Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles ” ( Wiley, New York , 1983 ).

Jakobs, S.

T. A. Klar , S. Jakobs , M. Dyba , A. Egner , and S. W. Hell , “ Fluorescence microscopy with diffraction resolution barrier broken by stimulated emission ,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.   97 , 8206 – 8210 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Judkins, J.B.

Kawazoe, T.

M. Ohtsu , K. Kobayashi , T. Kawazoe , S. Sangu , and T. Yatsui , “ Nanophotonics: design, fabrication, and operation of nanometric devices using optical near fields ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   8 , 839 – 862 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

Kik, P. G.

S. A. Maier , M. L. Brongersma , P. G. Kik , S. Meltzer , A. A. G. Requicha , and H. A. Atwater , “ Plasmonics - A route to nanoscale optical devices ,” Adv. Mater.   13 , 1501 – 1505 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

Kikukawa, T.

T. Kikukawa , T. Nakano , T. Shima , and J. Tominaga , “ Rigid bubble pit formation and huge signal enhancement in super-resolution near-field structure disk with platinum-oxide layer ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   81 , 4697 – 4699 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

J. Tominaga , C. Mihalcea , D. Buechel , H. Fukuda , T. Nakano , N. Atoda , H. Fuji , and T. Kikukawa , “ Local plasmon photonic transistor ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   78 , 2417 – 2419 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

T. Shima , T. Nakano , J. Kim , and J. Tominaga , “ Super-RENS disk for blue laser system retrieving signals from polycarbonate substrate side ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   44 , 3631 – 3633 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

Kino, G. S.

B. D. Terris , H. J. Mamin , D. Rugar , W. R. Studenmund , and G. S. Kino , “ Near-field optical data storage using a solid immersion lens ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   65 , 388 – 390 ( 1994 ).
[CrossRef]

Klar, T. A.

T. A. Klar , S. Jakobs , M. Dyba , A. Egner , and S. W. Hell , “ Fluorescence microscopy with diffraction resolution barrier broken by stimulated emission ,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.   97 , 8206 – 8210 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kobayashi, K.

M. Ohtsu , K. Kobayashi , T. Kawazoe , S. Sangu , and T. Yatsui , “ Nanophotonics: design, fabrication, and operation of nanometric devices using optical near fields ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   8 , 839 – 862 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

Kolobov, A.

J. Tominaga , T. Shima , M. Kuwahara , T. Fukaya , A. Kolobov , and T. Nakano , “ Ferroelectric catastrophe: beyond nanometre-scale optical resolution ,” Nanotechnology   15 , 411 – 415 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

Kolobov, A. V.

A. V. Kolobov , P. Fons , A. I. Frenkel , A. L. Ankudinov , J. Tominaga , and T. Uruga , “ Understanding the phase-change mechanism of rewritable optical media ,” Nat. Mater.   3 , 703 – 708 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Konig, L.

K.-P. Charle , L. Konig , S. Nepijko , I. Rabin , and W. Schulze , “ The surface plasmon resonance in free and embedded Ag-cluster in the size range 1.5 nm < D < 30 nm ,” Cryst. Res. Technol.   33 , 1085 – 1096 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

Kuwahara, M.

J. Tominaga , T. Shima , M. Kuwahara , T. Fukaya , A. Kolobov , and T. Nakano , “ Ferroelectric catastrophe: beyond nanometre-scale optical resolution ,” Nanotechnology   15 , 411 – 415 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

M. Kuwahara , T. Nakano , J. Tominaga , M. B. Lee , and N. Atoda , “ High-speed optical near-field photolithography by super resolution near-field structure ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   38 , L1079 – L1081 ( 1999 ).
[CrossRef]

Lee, M. B.

M. Kuwahara , T. Nakano , J. Tominaga , M. B. Lee , and N. Atoda , “ High-speed optical near-field photolithography by super resolution near-field structure ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   38 , L1079 – L1081 ( 1999 ).
[CrossRef]

Lezec, H. J.

T. W. Ebbesen , H. J. Lezec , H. F. Ghaemi , T. Thio , and P. A. Wolff , “ Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays ,” Nature ,   391 , 667 – 669 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

L. Shi , T. C. Chong , P. K. Tan , J. Li , X. Hu , X. Miao , and Q. Wang , “ Investigation on super-resolution near-field blu-ray-type phase-change optical disk with Sb 2 Te 3 mask layer ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   44 , 3615 – 3619 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

Li, J. M.

L. P. Shi , T. C. Chong , X. S. Miao , P. K. Tan , and J. M. Li , “ A new structure of super-resolution near-field phase-change optical disk with a Sb 2 Te 3 mask layer ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   40 , 1649 – 1650 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

Lin, W. C.

W.-C. Liu , C.-Y. Wen , K.-H. Chen , W. C. Lin , and D. P. Tsai , “ Near-field images of the AgO x -type super-resolution near-field structure ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   78 , 685 – 687 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W.-C.

T. C. Chu , W.-C. Liu , and D. P. Tsai , “ Enhanced resolution induced by random silver nanoparticles in near-field optical disks ,” Opt. Commun.   246 , 561 – 567 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

W.-C. Liu , M.-Y. Ng , and D. P. Tsai , “ Surface plasmon effects on the far-field signals of Ago x -type super-resolution near-field structure ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   43 , 4713 – 4717 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

W.-C. Liu , M.-Y. Ng , and D. P. Tsai , “ Enhanced resolution of AgO x -type super-RENS disks with periodic silver nanoclusters ,” Scanning ,   26 , I98 – I101 ( 2004 ).
[PubMed]

W.-C. Liu and D. P. Tsai , “ Nonlinear near-field optical effects of the AgO x -type super-resolution near-field structure ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   42 , 1031 – 1032 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef]

W.-C. Liu , C.-Y. Wen , K.-H. Chen , W. C. Lin , and D. P. Tsai , “ Near-field images of the AgO x -type super-resolution near-field structure ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   78 , 685 – 687 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

Maier, S. A.

S. A. Maier , M. L. Brongersma , P. G. Kik , S. Meltzer , A. A. G. Requicha , and H. A. Atwater , “ Plasmonics - A route to nanoscale optical devices ,” Adv. Mater.   13 , 1501 – 1505 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

Mamin, H. J.

B. D. Terris , H. J. Mamin , D. Rugar , W. R. Studenmund , and G. S. Kino , “ Near-field optical data storage using a solid immersion lens ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   65 , 388 – 390 ( 1994 ).
[CrossRef]

Meltzer, S.

S. A. Maier , M. L. Brongersma , P. G. Kik , S. Meltzer , A. A. G. Requicha , and H. A. Atwater , “ Plasmonics - A route to nanoscale optical devices ,” Adv. Mater.   13 , 1501 – 1505 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

Men, L.

H. Fuji , J. Tominaga , L. Men , and T. Nakano , “ A near-field recording and readout technology using a metallic probe in an optical disk ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   39 , 980 – 981 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

Miao, X.

L. Shi , T. C. Chong , P. K. Tan , J. Li , X. Hu , X. Miao , and Q. Wang , “ Investigation on super-resolution near-field blu-ray-type phase-change optical disk with Sb 2 Te 3 mask layer ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   44 , 3615 – 3619 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

Miao, X. S.

L. P. Shi , T. C. Chong , H. B. Yao , P. K. Tan , and X. S. Miao , “ Super-resolution near-field optical disk with an additional localized surface plasmon coupling layer ,” J, Appl. Phys.   91 , 10209 – 10211 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

L. P. Shi , T. C. Chong , X. S. Miao , P. K. Tan , and J. M. Li , “ A new structure of super-resolution near-field phase-change optical disk with a Sb 2 Te 3 mask layer ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   40 , 1649 – 1650 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

Mihalcea, C.

J. Tominaga , C. Mihalcea , D. Buechel , H. Fukuda , T. Nakano , N. Atoda , H. Fuji , and T. Kikukawa , “ Local plasmon photonic transistor ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   78 , 2417 – 2419 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

Nakano, T.

T. Shima , T. Nakano , J. Kim , and J. Tominaga , “ Super-RENS disk for blue laser system retrieving signals from polycarbonate substrate side ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   44 , 3631 – 3633 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

J. Tominaga , T. Shima , M. Kuwahara , T. Fukaya , A. Kolobov , and T. Nakano , “ Ferroelectric catastrophe: beyond nanometre-scale optical resolution ,” Nanotechnology   15 , 411 – 415 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

T. Kikukawa , T. Nakano , T. Shima , and J. Tominaga , “ Rigid bubble pit formation and huge signal enhancement in super-resolution near-field structure disk with platinum-oxide layer ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   81 , 4697 – 4699 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

T. Nakano , Y. Yamakawa , J. Tominaga , and N. Atoda , “ Near-field optical simulation of super-resolution near-field structure disks ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   40 , 1531 – 1535 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

J. Tominaga , C. Mihalcea , D. Buechel , H. Fukuda , T. Nakano , N. Atoda , H. Fuji , and T. Kikukawa , “ Local plasmon photonic transistor ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   78 , 2417 – 2419 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

H. Fuji , J. Tominaga , L. Men , and T. Nakano , “ A near-field recording and readout technology using a metallic probe in an optical disk ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   39 , 980 – 981 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

M. Kuwahara , T. Nakano , J. Tominaga , M. B. Lee , and N. Atoda , “ High-speed optical near-field photolithography by super resolution near-field structure ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   38 , L1079 – L1081 ( 1999 ).
[CrossRef]

J. Tominaga , T. Nakano , and N. Atoda , “ An approach for recording and readout beyond the diffraction limit with an Sb thin film ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   73 , 2078 – 2080 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

Nepijko, S.

K.-P. Charle , L. Konig , S. Nepijko , I. Rabin , and W. Schulze , “ The surface plasmon resonance in free and embedded Ag-cluster in the size range 1.5 nm < D < 30 nm ,” Cryst. Res. Technol.   33 , 1085 – 1096 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

Ng, M.-Y.

W.-C. Liu , M.-Y. Ng , and D. P. Tsai , “ Enhanced resolution of AgO x -type super-RENS disks with periodic silver nanoclusters ,” Scanning ,   26 , I98 – I101 ( 2004 ).
[PubMed]

W.-C. Liu , M.-Y. Ng , and D. P. Tsai , “ Surface plasmon effects on the far-field signals of Ago x -type super-resolution near-field structure ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   43 , 4713 – 4717 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

Nieto-Vesperinas, M.

Ohtsu, M.

M. Ohtsu , K. Kobayashi , T. Kawazoe , S. Sangu , and T. Yatsui , “ Nanophotonics: design, fabrication, and operation of nanometric devices using optical near fields ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   8 , 839 – 862 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

Prasad, P. N.

P. N. Prasad , “ Nanophotonics ” ( Wiley, Hoboken, NJ , 2004 ).

Rabin, I.

K.-P. Charle , L. Konig , S. Nepijko , I. Rabin , and W. Schulze , “ The surface plasmon resonance in free and embedded Ag-cluster in the size range 1.5 nm < D < 30 nm ,” Cryst. Res. Technol.   33 , 1085 – 1096 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

Requicha, A. A. G.

S. A. Maier , M. L. Brongersma , P. G. Kik , S. Meltzer , A. A. G. Requicha , and H. A. Atwater , “ Plasmonics - A route to nanoscale optical devices ,” Adv. Mater.   13 , 1501 – 1505 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

Rugar, D.

B. D. Terris , H. J. Mamin , D. Rugar , W. R. Studenmund , and G. S. Kino , “ Near-field optical data storage using a solid immersion lens ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   65 , 388 – 390 ( 1994 ).
[CrossRef]

Sangu, S.

M. Ohtsu , K. Kobayashi , T. Kawazoe , S. Sangu , and T. Yatsui , “ Nanophotonics: design, fabrication, and operation of nanometric devices using optical near fields ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   8 , 839 – 862 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

Schultz, D. A.

D. A. Schultz ,“ Plasmon resonant particles for biological detection ,” Curr. Opin. Biotechnol.   14 , 13 – 22 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schulze, W.

K.-P. Charle , L. Konig , S. Nepijko , I. Rabin , and W. Schulze , “ The surface plasmon resonance in free and embedded Ag-cluster in the size range 1.5 nm < D < 30 nm ,” Cryst. Res. Technol.   33 , 1085 – 1096 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

Shi, L.

L. Shi , T. C. Chong , P. K. Tan , J. Li , X. Hu , X. Miao , and Q. Wang , “ Investigation on super-resolution near-field blu-ray-type phase-change optical disk with Sb 2 Te 3 mask layer ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   44 , 3615 – 3619 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

Shi, L. P.

L. P. Shi , T. C. Chong , H. B. Yao , P. K. Tan , and X. S. Miao , “ Super-resolution near-field optical disk with an additional localized surface plasmon coupling layer ,” J, Appl. Phys.   91 , 10209 – 10211 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

L. P. Shi , T. C. Chong , X. S. Miao , P. K. Tan , and J. M. Li , “ A new structure of super-resolution near-field phase-change optical disk with a Sb 2 Te 3 mask layer ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   40 , 1649 – 1650 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

Shima, T.

T. Shima , T. Nakano , J. Kim , and J. Tominaga , “ Super-RENS disk for blue laser system retrieving signals from polycarbonate substrate side ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   44 , 3631 – 3633 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

J. Tominaga , T. Shima , M. Kuwahara , T. Fukaya , A. Kolobov , and T. Nakano , “ Ferroelectric catastrophe: beyond nanometre-scale optical resolution ,” Nanotechnology   15 , 411 – 415 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

T. Kikukawa , T. Nakano , T. Shima , and J. Tominaga , “ Rigid bubble pit formation and huge signal enhancement in super-resolution near-field structure disk with platinum-oxide layer ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   81 , 4697 – 4699 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

Smolyaninov, Igor O

Antoly V Zayats and Igor O Smolyaninov , “ Near-field photonic: surface plasmon polaritons and locallized surface plasmons ,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt.   5 , S16 – S50 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef]

Studenmund, W. R.

B. D. Terris , H. J. Mamin , D. Rugar , W. R. Studenmund , and G. S. Kino , “ Near-field optical data storage using a solid immersion lens ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   65 , 388 – 390 ( 1994 ).
[CrossRef]

Taflove, A.

A. Taflove , “ Computational Electrodynamics ” ( Artech House. Boston-London , 1995 ).

Tan, P. K.

L. Shi , T. C. Chong , P. K. Tan , J. Li , X. Hu , X. Miao , and Q. Wang , “ Investigation on super-resolution near-field blu-ray-type phase-change optical disk with Sb 2 Te 3 mask layer ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   44 , 3615 – 3619 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

L. P. Shi , T. C. Chong , H. B. Yao , P. K. Tan , and X. S. Miao , “ Super-resolution near-field optical disk with an additional localized surface plasmon coupling layer ,” J, Appl. Phys.   91 , 10209 – 10211 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

L. P. Shi , T. C. Chong , X. S. Miao , P. K. Tan , and J. M. Li , “ A new structure of super-resolution near-field phase-change optical disk with a Sb 2 Te 3 mask layer ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   40 , 1649 – 1650 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

Terris, B. D.

B. D. Terris , H. J. Mamin , D. Rugar , W. R. Studenmund , and G. S. Kino , “ Near-field optical data storage using a solid immersion lens ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   65 , 388 – 390 ( 1994 ).
[CrossRef]

Thio, T.

T. W. Ebbesen , H. J. Lezec , H. F. Ghaemi , T. Thio , and P. A. Wolff , “ Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays ,” Nature ,   391 , 667 – 669 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

Tominaga, J.

T. Shima , T. Nakano , J. Kim , and J. Tominaga , “ Super-RENS disk for blue laser system retrieving signals from polycarbonate substrate side ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   44 , 3631 – 3633 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

J. Tominaga , T. Shima , M. Kuwahara , T. Fukaya , A. Kolobov , and T. Nakano , “ Ferroelectric catastrophe: beyond nanometre-scale optical resolution ,” Nanotechnology   15 , 411 – 415 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Kolobov , P. Fons , A. I. Frenkel , A. L. Ankudinov , J. Tominaga , and T. Uruga , “ Understanding the phase-change mechanism of rewritable optical media ,” Nat. Mater.   3 , 703 – 708 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kikukawa , T. Nakano , T. Shima , and J. Tominaga , “ Rigid bubble pit formation and huge signal enhancement in super-resolution near-field structure disk with platinum-oxide layer ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   81 , 4697 – 4699 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

T. Nakano , Y. Yamakawa , J. Tominaga , and N. Atoda , “ Near-field optical simulation of super-resolution near-field structure disks ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   40 , 1531 – 1535 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

J. Tominaga , C. Mihalcea , D. Buechel , H. Fukuda , T. Nakano , N. Atoda , H. Fuji , and T. Kikukawa , “ Local plasmon photonic transistor ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   78 , 2417 – 2419 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

H. Fuji , J. Tominaga , L. Men , and T. Nakano , “ A near-field recording and readout technology using a metallic probe in an optical disk ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   39 , 980 – 981 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

M. Kuwahara , T. Nakano , J. Tominaga , M. B. Lee , and N. Atoda , “ High-speed optical near-field photolithography by super resolution near-field structure ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   38 , L1079 – L1081 ( 1999 ).
[CrossRef]

J. Tominaga , T. Nakano , and N. Atoda , “ An approach for recording and readout beyond the diffraction limit with an Sb thin film ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   73 , 2078 – 2080 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

Trautman, J.

E. Betzig , J. Trautman , and J. R. Wolfe , “ Near-field magneto-optics and high density data storage ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   61 , 142 – 144 ( 1992 ).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, D. P.

T. C. Chu , W.-C. Liu , and D. P. Tsai , “ Enhanced resolution induced by random silver nanoparticles in near-field optical disks ,” Opt. Commun.   246 , 561 – 567 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

W.-C. Liu , M.-Y. Ng , and D. P. Tsai , “ Surface plasmon effects on the far-field signals of Ago x -type super-resolution near-field structure ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   43 , 4713 – 4717 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

W.-C. Liu , M.-Y. Ng , and D. P. Tsai , “ Enhanced resolution of AgO x -type super-RENS disks with periodic silver nanoclusters ,” Scanning ,   26 , I98 – I101 ( 2004 ).
[PubMed]

W.-C. Liu and D. P. Tsai , “ Nonlinear near-field optical effects of the AgO x -type super-resolution near-field structure ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   42 , 1031 – 1032 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef]

W.-C. Liu , C.-Y. Wen , K.-H. Chen , W. C. Lin , and D. P. Tsai , “ Near-field images of the AgO x -type super-resolution near-field structure ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   78 , 685 – 687 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

Uruga, T.

A. V. Kolobov , P. Fons , A. I. Frenkel , A. L. Ankudinov , J. Tominaga , and T. Uruga , “ Understanding the phase-change mechanism of rewritable optical media ,” Nat. Mater.   3 , 703 – 708 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Q.

L. Shi , T. C. Chong , P. K. Tan , J. Li , X. Hu , X. Miao , and Q. Wang , “ Investigation on super-resolution near-field blu-ray-type phase-change optical disk with Sb 2 Te 3 mask layer ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   44 , 3615 – 3619 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

Wen, C.-Y.

W.-C. Liu , C.-Y. Wen , K.-H. Chen , W. C. Lin , and D. P. Tsai , “ Near-field images of the AgO x -type super-resolution near-field structure ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   78 , 685 – 687 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

Wichmann, J.

Wolf, E.

Wolfe, J. R.

E. Betzig , J. Trautman , and J. R. Wolfe , “ Near-field magneto-optics and high density data storage ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   61 , 142 – 144 ( 1992 ).
[CrossRef]

Wolff, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesen , H. J. Lezec , H. F. Ghaemi , T. Thio , and P. A. Wolff , “ Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays ,” Nature ,   391 , 667 – 669 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

Yamakawa, Y.

T. Nakano , Y. Yamakawa , J. Tominaga , and N. Atoda , “ Near-field optical simulation of super-resolution near-field structure disks ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   40 , 1531 – 1535 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

Yao, H. B.

L. P. Shi , T. C. Chong , H. B. Yao , P. K. Tan , and X. S. Miao , “ Super-resolution near-field optical disk with an additional localized surface plasmon coupling layer ,” J, Appl. Phys.   91 , 10209 – 10211 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

Yatsui, T.

M. Ohtsu , K. Kobayashi , T. Kawazoe , S. Sangu , and T. Yatsui , “ Nanophotonics: design, fabrication, and operation of nanometric devices using optical near fields ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   8 , 839 – 862 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

Zayats, Antoly V

Antoly V Zayats and Igor O Smolyaninov , “ Near-field photonic: surface plasmon polaritons and locallized surface plasmons ,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt.   5 , S16 – S50 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef]

Ziolkowski, R. W.

Adv. Mater. (1)

S. A. Maier , M. L. Brongersma , P. G. Kik , S. Meltzer , A. A. G. Requicha , and H. A. Atwater , “ Plasmonics - A route to nanoscale optical devices ,” Adv. Mater.   13 , 1501 – 1505 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

E. Betzig , J. Trautman , and J. R. Wolfe , “ Near-field magneto-optics and high density data storage ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   61 , 142 – 144 ( 1992 ).
[CrossRef]

B. D. Terris , H. J. Mamin , D. Rugar , W. R. Studenmund , and G. S. Kino , “ Near-field optical data storage using a solid immersion lens ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   65 , 388 – 390 ( 1994 ).
[CrossRef]

J. Tominaga , T. Nakano , and N. Atoda , “ An approach for recording and readout beyond the diffraction limit with an Sb thin film ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   73 , 2078 – 2080 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

T. Kikukawa , T. Nakano , T. Shima , and J. Tominaga , “ Rigid bubble pit formation and huge signal enhancement in super-resolution near-field structure disk with platinum-oxide layer ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   81 , 4697 – 4699 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

W.-C. Liu , C.-Y. Wen , K.-H. Chen , W. C. Lin , and D. P. Tsai , “ Near-field images of the AgO x -type super-resolution near-field structure ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   78 , 685 – 687 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

J. Tominaga , C. Mihalcea , D. Buechel , H. Fukuda , T. Nakano , N. Atoda , H. Fuji , and T. Kikukawa , “ Local plasmon photonic transistor ,” Appl. Phys. Lett.   78 , 2417 – 2419 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

Cryst. Res. Technol. (1)

K.-P. Charle , L. Konig , S. Nepijko , I. Rabin , and W. Schulze , “ The surface plasmon resonance in free and embedded Ag-cluster in the size range 1.5 nm < D < 30 nm ,” Cryst. Res. Technol.   33 , 1085 – 1096 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. (1)

D. A. Schultz ,“ Plasmon resonant particles for biological detection ,” Curr. Opin. Biotechnol.   14 , 13 – 22 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Ohtsu , K. Kobayashi , T. Kawazoe , S. Sangu , and T. Yatsui , “ Nanophotonics: design, fabrication, and operation of nanometric devices using optical near fields ,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.   8 , 839 – 862 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

J, Appl. Phys. (1)

L. P. Shi , T. C. Chong , H. B. Yao , P. K. Tan , and X. S. Miao , “ Super-resolution near-field optical disk with an additional localized surface plasmon coupling layer ,” J, Appl. Phys.   91 , 10209 – 10211 ( 2002 ).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

Antoly V Zayats and Igor O Smolyaninov , “ Near-field photonic: surface plasmon polaritons and locallized surface plasmons ,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt.   5 , S16 – S50 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (2)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (8)

M. Kuwahara , T. Nakano , J. Tominaga , M. B. Lee , and N. Atoda , “ High-speed optical near-field photolithography by super resolution near-field structure ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   38 , L1079 – L1081 ( 1999 ).
[CrossRef]

W.-C. Liu and D. P. Tsai , “ Nonlinear near-field optical effects of the AgO x -type super-resolution near-field structure ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   42 , 1031 – 1032 ( 2003 ).
[CrossRef]

W.-C. Liu , M.-Y. Ng , and D. P. Tsai , “ Surface plasmon effects on the far-field signals of Ago x -type super-resolution near-field structure ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   43 , 4713 – 4717 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

T. Nakano , Y. Yamakawa , J. Tominaga , and N. Atoda , “ Near-field optical simulation of super-resolution near-field structure disks ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   40 , 1531 – 1535 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

L. P. Shi , T. C. Chong , X. S. Miao , P. K. Tan , and J. M. Li , “ A new structure of super-resolution near-field phase-change optical disk with a Sb 2 Te 3 mask layer ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   40 , 1649 – 1650 ( 2001 ).
[CrossRef]

L. Shi , T. C. Chong , P. K. Tan , J. Li , X. Hu , X. Miao , and Q. Wang , “ Investigation on super-resolution near-field blu-ray-type phase-change optical disk with Sb 2 Te 3 mask layer ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   44 , 3615 – 3619 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

T. Shima , T. Nakano , J. Kim , and J. Tominaga , “ Super-RENS disk for blue laser system retrieving signals from polycarbonate substrate side ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   44 , 3631 – 3633 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

H. Fuji , J. Tominaga , L. Men , and T. Nakano , “ A near-field recording and readout technology using a metallic probe in an optical disk ,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.   39 , 980 – 981 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef]

Nanotechnology (1)

J. Tominaga , T. Shima , M. Kuwahara , T. Fukaya , A. Kolobov , and T. Nakano , “ Ferroelectric catastrophe: beyond nanometre-scale optical resolution ,” Nanotechnology   15 , 411 – 415 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater. (1)

A. V. Kolobov , P. Fons , A. I. Frenkel , A. L. Ankudinov , J. Tominaga , and T. Uruga , “ Understanding the phase-change mechanism of rewritable optical media ,” Nat. Mater.   3 , 703 – 708 ( 2004 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

T. W. Ebbesen , H. J. Lezec , H. F. Ghaemi , T. Thio , and P. A. Wolff , “ Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays ,” Nature ,   391 , 667 – 669 ( 1998 ).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. C. Chu , W.-C. Liu , and D. P. Tsai , “ Enhanced resolution induced by random silver nanoparticles in near-field optical disks ,” Opt. Commun.   246 , 561 – 567 ( 2005 ).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (1)

T. A. Klar , S. Jakobs , M. Dyba , A. Egner , and S. W. Hell , “ Fluorescence microscopy with diffraction resolution barrier broken by stimulated emission ,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.   97 , 8206 – 8210 ( 2000 ).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scanning (1)

W.-C. Liu , M.-Y. Ng , and D. P. Tsai , “ Enhanced resolution of AgO x -type super-RENS disks with periodic silver nanoclusters ,” Scanning ,   26 , I98 – I101 ( 2004 ).
[PubMed]

Other (6)

S. D. Gedney , “ The perfectly matched layer absorbing medium ,” in ” Advances in Computational Electrodynamics ”, A. Taflove ed. ( Artech House, Boston, MA , 1998 ).

A. Taflove , “ Computational Electrodynamics ” ( Artech House. Boston-London , 1995 ).

Edward D. Palik ed., “ Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids ” ( Academic, Orlando, Fla. , 1985 ).

C. Bohren and D. Huffman , “ Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles ” ( Wiley, New York , 1983 ).

V. M. Shalaev , ed., “ Optical Properties of Nanostructured Random Media ” ( Springer-Verlag, Berlin , 2002 ).

P. N. Prasad , “ Nanophotonics ” ( Wiley, Hoboken, NJ , 2004 ).

Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: GIF (980 KB)     

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Scheme of the AgO x -type super-RENS disk with random silver nanoparticles.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Movie of the TM-mode near-field distributions of the AgO x -type super-RENS disk with random silver nanoparticles. The wavelength of incident light is from 400 nm to 827 nm. Front picture presents the case of 650 nm wavelength. The Gaussian beam focused at the recording mark and the size of recording mark was 100 nm. The local fields were enhanced around silver nanoparticles. [Media 1]

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Far-field difference signals of the AgO x -type super-RENS disk with and without silver nanoparticles. The wavelength of incident light was (a) 400 nm, (b) 540 nm, (c) 650 nm, (d) 775 nm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Far-field difference signals of the AgO x -type super-RENS disk with silver nanoparticles as a function of wavelength of incident light. The size of recording marks was larger than diffraction limit of visible light in (a) and smaller than diffraction limit in (b).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Scattering efficiency of single silver nanoparticle. The scattering efficiency at different wavelengths exhibited double peaks since the geometric shape of single silver nanoparticle was not perfectly circular in the FDTD numerical simulation.

Metrics