Abstract

The fabrication and characterization of an all-solid photonic bandgap fiber is reported. The fiber presents a low-loss region (< 20 dB/km) around 1550 nm and can be used as single-mode even for a fiber core diameter as large as 20 μm. The fiber presents a zero dispersion at the short wavelength edge of the bandgap. The measured polarisation mode dispersion is wavelength dependent but remains small (few ps/km1/2). This fiber opens the possibility to realize low-loss large mode area bandgap fiber with a doped core and or Bragg gratings.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. J. D. Shephard , J. D. C. Jones , D. P. Hand , G. Bouwmans , J. C. Knight , P. St.J. Russell , and B. J. Mangan , “ High energy nanosecond laser pulses delivered single-mode through hollow-core PBG fibers ,” Opt. Express   12 , 717 – 723 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-4-717
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. F enabid , G. Bouwmans , J.C. Knight , P.St.J. St Russell , and F. Couny , “ Ultrahigh efficiency laser wavelength conversion in a gas-filled hollow core photonic crystal fiber by pure stimulated rotational Raman scattering in molecular hydrogen ,” Phys. Rev. Lett   93 , art . 123903 ( 2004 )
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  24. C.D. Poole and D.L. Favin , “ Polarization-Mode Dispersion Measurements Based on Transmission Spectra Through a Polarizer ,” J. Lightwave Technol.   12 , 917 – 929 ( 1994 ).
    [Crossref]

2005 (4)

2004 (7)

W. J. Wadsworth , N. Joly , J. C. Knight , T. A. Birks , F. Biancalana , and P. St.J. Russell , “ Supercontinuum and four-wave mixing with Q-switched pulses in endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fibers ,” Opt. Express   12 , 299 – 309 ( 2004 ) http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-2-299
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Luan , A.K. George , TD Hedley , GJ Pearce , DM Bird , J.C. Knight , and P.St.J. Russell , “ All solid photonic bandgap fiber ,” Optics Lett.   29 , 2369 – 2371 ( 2004 )
[Crossref]

F enabid , G. Bouwmans , J.C. Knight , P.St.J. St Russell , and F. Couny , “ Ultrahigh efficiency laser wavelength conversion in a gas-filled hollow core photonic crystal fiber by pure stimulated rotational Raman scattering in molecular hydrogen ,” Phys. Rev. Lett   93 , art . 123903 ( 2004 )
[Crossref]

K. Saitoh , N. A. Mortensen , and M. Koshiba , “ Air-core photonic band-gap fibers: the impact of surface modes ,” Opt. Express   12 , 394 – 400 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-3-394
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. West , C. M. Smith , N. F. Borrelli , D. C. Allan , and K. W. Koch , “ Surface modes in air-core photonic band-gap fibers ,” Opt. Express   12 , 1485 – 1496 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-8-1485
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. D. Shephard , J. D. C. Jones , D. P. Hand , G. Bouwmans , J. C. Knight , P. St.J. Russell , and B. J. Mangan , “ High energy nanosecond laser pulses delivered single-mode through hollow-core PBG fibers ,” Opt. Express   12 , 717 – 723 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-4-717
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen , M. Li, N. Venkataraman , M. T. Gallagher , W. A. Wood , A. M. Crowley , J. P. Carberry , L. A. Zenteno , and K. W. Koch , “ Highly birefringent hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber ,” Opt. Express   12 , 3888 – 3893 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-16-3888
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (7)

D. G. Ouzounov , F. R. Ahmad , D. Muller , N. Venkataraman , M. T. Gallagher , M. G. Thomas , J. Silcox , K.W. Koch , and A. L. Gaeta , “ Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers ,” Science   301 , 1702 – 1704 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Bouwmans , F. Luan , Jonathan Cave Knight , P. St. J. Russell , L. Farr , B. J. Mangan , and H. Sabert “ Properties of a hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber at 850 nm wavelength ,” Opt. Express   11 , 1613 – 1620 ( 2003 ) http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-14-1613
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Jasapara , T.H. Her , R. Bise , R. Windeler , and D.J. DiGiovanni , “ Group-velocity dispersion measurements in a photonic bandgap fiber ,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B   20 , 1611 ( 2003 )
[Crossref]

T.P. Larsen , A. Bjarklev , D. S. Hermann , and J. Broeng , “ Optical devices based on liquid crystal photonic bandgap fibres ,” Opt. Express   11 , 2589 – 2596 ( 2003 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-20-2589
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. M. Litchinitser , S. C. Dunn , B. Usner , B. J. Eggleton , T. P. White , R. C. McPhedran , and C. M. de Sterke , “ Resonances in microstructured optical waveguides ,” Opt. Express   11 , 1243 – 1251 ( 2003 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-10-1243
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P.St.J. Russell , “ Photonic crystal fibers ,” Science   299 , 358 – 362 ( 2003 )
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M.D. Nielsen , J.R. Folkenberg , and N.A. Mortensen , “ Singlemdoe photo,ic crsytal fibre with effective area of 600 μm2 and low bending loss ,” Electron. Lett.   39 , 1802 – 1803 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

2000 (1)

F. Brechet , P. Roy , J. Marcou , and D. Pagnoux , “ Singlemode propagation into depressed-core-index photonic-bandgap fiber designed for zero-dispersion propagation at short wavelengths ,” Electron. Lett.   36 : 514 – 515 ( 2000 )
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

C.D. Poole and D.L. Favin , “ Polarization-Mode Dispersion Measurements Based on Transmission Spectra Through a Polarizer ,” J. Lightwave Technol.   12 , 917 – 929 ( 1994 ).
[Crossref]

1978 (1)

1977 (1)

Abeeluck, A.K.

Ahmad, F. R.

D. G. Ouzounov , F. R. Ahmad , D. Muller , N. Venkataraman , M. T. Gallagher , M. G. Thomas , J. Silcox , K.W. Koch , and A. L. Gaeta , “ Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers ,” Science   301 , 1702 – 1704 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Allan, D. C.

Argyros, A.

Benabid, F.

F. Benabid , F. Couny , J.C. Knight , T.A. Birks , and P.St.J Russell , “ Compact, stable and efficient all-fiber gas cells using hollow-core photonic crystal fibers ,” Nature   434 (7032), 488 – 491 ( 2005 )
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biancalana, F.

Bird, DM

F. Luan , A.K. George , TD Hedley , GJ Pearce , DM Bird , J.C. Knight , and P.St.J. Russell , “ All solid photonic bandgap fiber ,” Optics Lett.   29 , 2369 – 2371 ( 2004 )
[Crossref]

Birks, T. A.

Birks, T.A.

F. Benabid , F. Couny , J.C. Knight , T.A. Birks , and P.St.J Russell , “ Compact, stable and efficient all-fiber gas cells using hollow-core photonic crystal fibers ,” Nature   434 (7032), 488 – 491 ( 2005 )
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Argyros , T.A. Birks , S. G. Leon-Saval , C. B. Cordeiro , F. Luan , and Russell , “ Photonic bandgap with an index step of one percent ,” Opt. Express   13 , 309 – 314 ( 2005 ) http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-1-309
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bise, R.

Bjarklev, A.

Bolger, J. A.

Borrelli, N. F.

Bouwmans, G.

Brechet, F.

F. Brechet , P. Roy , J. Marcou , and D. Pagnoux , “ Singlemode propagation into depressed-core-index photonic-bandgap fiber designed for zero-dispersion propagation at short wavelengths ,” Electron. Lett.   36 : 514 – 515 ( 2000 )
[Crossref]

Broeng, J.

Carberry, J. P.

Chen, X.

Cordeiro,

Cordeiro, C. B.

Couny, F.

F. Benabid , F. Couny , J.C. Knight , T.A. Birks , and P.St.J Russell , “ Compact, stable and efficient all-fiber gas cells using hollow-core photonic crystal fibers ,” Nature   434 (7032), 488 – 491 ( 2005 )
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F enabid , G. Bouwmans , J.C. Knight , P.St.J. St Russell , and F. Couny , “ Ultrahigh efficiency laser wavelength conversion in a gas-filled hollow core photonic crystal fiber by pure stimulated rotational Raman scattering in molecular hydrogen ,” Phys. Rev. Lett   93 , art . 123903 ( 2004 )
[Crossref]

Crowley, A. M.

de Sterke, C. M.

de Sterke, C.Martijn

DiGiovanni, D.J.

Dunn, S. C.

Eggleton, B. J.

Eggleton, B.J.

enabid, F

F enabid , G. Bouwmans , J.C. Knight , P.St.J. St Russell , and F. Couny , “ Ultrahigh efficiency laser wavelength conversion in a gas-filled hollow core photonic crystal fiber by pure stimulated rotational Raman scattering in molecular hydrogen ,” Phys. Rev. Lett   93 , art . 123903 ( 2004 )
[Crossref]

Farr, L.

Favin, D.L.

C.D. Poole and D.L. Favin , “ Polarization-Mode Dispersion Measurements Based on Transmission Spectra Through a Polarizer ,” J. Lightwave Technol.   12 , 917 – 929 ( 1994 ).
[Crossref]

Folkenberg, J.R.

M.D. Nielsen , J.R. Folkenberg , and N.A. Mortensen , “ Singlemdoe photo,ic crsytal fibre with effective area of 600 μm2 and low bending loss ,” Electron. Lett.   39 , 1802 – 1803 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Fuerbach, A.

Gaeta, A. L.

D. G. Ouzounov , F. R. Ahmad , D. Muller , N. Venkataraman , M. T. Gallagher , M. G. Thomas , J. Silcox , K.W. Koch , and A. L. Gaeta , “ Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers ,” Science   301 , 1702 – 1704 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gallagher, M. T.

X. Chen , M. Li, N. Venkataraman , M. T. Gallagher , W. A. Wood , A. M. Crowley , J. P. Carberry , L. A. Zenteno , and K. W. Koch , “ Highly birefringent hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber ,” Opt. Express   12 , 3888 – 3893 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-16-3888
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. G. Ouzounov , F. R. Ahmad , D. Muller , N. Venkataraman , M. T. Gallagher , M. G. Thomas , J. Silcox , K.W. Koch , and A. L. Gaeta , “ Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers ,” Science   301 , 1702 – 1704 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

George, A.K.

F. Luan , A.K. George , TD Hedley , GJ Pearce , DM Bird , J.C. Knight , and P.St.J. Russell , “ All solid photonic bandgap fiber ,” Optics Lett.   29 , 2369 – 2371 ( 2004 )
[Crossref]

Hand, D. P.

Headley, C.

Hedley, TD

F. Luan , A.K. George , TD Hedley , GJ Pearce , DM Bird , J.C. Knight , and P.St.J. Russell , “ All solid photonic bandgap fiber ,” Optics Lett.   29 , 2369 – 2371 ( 2004 )
[Crossref]

Her, T.H.

Hermann, D. S.

Jasapara, J.

Joly, N.

Jones, J. D. C.

Kapron, F.P.

Knight, J. C.

Knight, J.C.

F. Benabid , F. Couny , J.C. Knight , T.A. Birks , and P.St.J Russell , “ Compact, stable and efficient all-fiber gas cells using hollow-core photonic crystal fibers ,” Nature   434 (7032), 488 – 491 ( 2005 )
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F enabid , G. Bouwmans , J.C. Knight , P.St.J. St Russell , and F. Couny , “ Ultrahigh efficiency laser wavelength conversion in a gas-filled hollow core photonic crystal fiber by pure stimulated rotational Raman scattering in molecular hydrogen ,” Phys. Rev. Lett   93 , art . 123903 ( 2004 )
[Crossref]

F. Luan , A.K. George , TD Hedley , GJ Pearce , DM Bird , J.C. Knight , and P.St.J. Russell , “ All solid photonic bandgap fiber ,” Optics Lett.   29 , 2369 – 2371 ( 2004 )
[Crossref]

Knight, Jonathan Cave

Koch, K. W.

Koch, K.W.

D. G. Ouzounov , F. R. Ahmad , D. Muller , N. Venkataraman , M. T. Gallagher , M. G. Thomas , J. Silcox , K.W. Koch , and A. L. Gaeta , “ Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers ,” Science   301 , 1702 – 1704 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koshiba, M.

Larsen, T.P.

Leon-Saval, S. G.

Litchinister, N.M.

Litchinitser, N. M.

Luan, F.

Lukowski, T.L.

Mangan, B. J.

Marcou, J.

F. Brechet , P. Roy , J. Marcou , and D. Pagnoux , “ Singlemode propagation into depressed-core-index photonic-bandgap fiber designed for zero-dispersion propagation at short wavelengths ,” Electron. Lett.   36 : 514 – 515 ( 2000 )
[Crossref]

Marom, E.

McPhedran, R. C.

McPhedran, R.C.

Mortensen, N. A.

Mortensen, N.A.

M.D. Nielsen , J.R. Folkenberg , and N.A. Mortensen , “ Singlemdoe photo,ic crsytal fibre with effective area of 600 μm2 and low bending loss ,” Electron. Lett.   39 , 1802 – 1803 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Muller, D.

D. G. Ouzounov , F. R. Ahmad , D. Muller , N. Venkataraman , M. T. Gallagher , M. G. Thomas , J. Silcox , K.W. Koch , and A. L. Gaeta , “ Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers ,” Science   301 , 1702 – 1704 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nielsen, M.D.

M.D. Nielsen , J.R. Folkenberg , and N.A. Mortensen , “ Singlemdoe photo,ic crsytal fibre with effective area of 600 μm2 and low bending loss ,” Electron. Lett.   39 , 1802 – 1803 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

Ouzounov, D. G.

D. G. Ouzounov , F. R. Ahmad , D. Muller , N. Venkataraman , M. T. Gallagher , M. G. Thomas , J. Silcox , K.W. Koch , and A. L. Gaeta , “ Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers ,” Science   301 , 1702 – 1704 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pagnoux, D.

F. Brechet , P. Roy , J. Marcou , and D. Pagnoux , “ Singlemode propagation into depressed-core-index photonic-bandgap fiber designed for zero-dispersion propagation at short wavelengths ,” Electron. Lett.   36 : 514 – 515 ( 2000 )
[Crossref]

Pearce, GJ

F. Luan , A.K. George , TD Hedley , GJ Pearce , DM Bird , J.C. Knight , and P.St.J. Russell , “ All solid photonic bandgap fiber ,” Optics Lett.   29 , 2369 – 2371 ( 2004 )
[Crossref]

Poole, C.D.

C.D. Poole and D.L. Favin , “ Polarization-Mode Dispersion Measurements Based on Transmission Spectra Through a Polarizer ,” J. Lightwave Technol.   12 , 917 – 929 ( 1994 ).
[Crossref]

Roy, P.

F. Brechet , P. Roy , J. Marcou , and D. Pagnoux , “ Singlemode propagation into depressed-core-index photonic-bandgap fiber designed for zero-dispersion propagation at short wavelengths ,” Electron. Lett.   36 : 514 – 515 ( 2000 )
[Crossref]

Russell,

Russell, P. St. J.

Russell, P. St.J.

Russell, P.St.J

F. Benabid , F. Couny , J.C. Knight , T.A. Birks , and P.St.J Russell , “ Compact, stable and efficient all-fiber gas cells using hollow-core photonic crystal fibers ,” Nature   434 (7032), 488 – 491 ( 2005 )
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Russell, P.St.J.

F. Luan , A.K. George , TD Hedley , GJ Pearce , DM Bird , J.C. Knight , and P.St.J. Russell , “ All solid photonic bandgap fiber ,” Optics Lett.   29 , 2369 – 2371 ( 2004 )
[Crossref]

P.St.J. Russell , “ Photonic crystal fibers ,” Science   299 , 358 – 362 ( 2003 )
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Russell, P.St.J. St

F enabid , G. Bouwmans , J.C. Knight , P.St.J. St Russell , and F. Couny , “ Ultrahigh efficiency laser wavelength conversion in a gas-filled hollow core photonic crystal fiber by pure stimulated rotational Raman scattering in molecular hydrogen ,” Phys. Rev. Lett   93 , art . 123903 ( 2004 )
[Crossref]

Sabert, H.

Saitoh, K.

Shephard, J. D.

Silcox, J.

D. G. Ouzounov , F. R. Ahmad , D. Muller , N. Venkataraman , M. T. Gallagher , M. G. Thomas , J. Silcox , K.W. Koch , and A. L. Gaeta , “ Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers ,” Science   301 , 1702 – 1704 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smith, C. M.

Steinvurzel, P.

Thomas, M. G.

D. G. Ouzounov , F. R. Ahmad , D. Muller , N. Venkataraman , M. T. Gallagher , M. G. Thomas , J. Silcox , K.W. Koch , and A. L. Gaeta , “ Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers ,” Science   301 , 1702 – 1704 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Usner, B.

Venkataraman, M. Li, N.

Venkataraman, N.

D. G. Ouzounov , F. R. Ahmad , D. Muller , N. Venkataraman , M. T. Gallagher , M. G. Thomas , J. Silcox , K.W. Koch , and A. L. Gaeta , “ Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers ,” Science   301 , 1702 – 1704 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wadsworth, W. J.

West, J. A.

White, T. P.

White, T.P.

Windeler, R.

Wood, W. A.

Yariv, A.

Yeh, P.

Zenteno, L. A.

Electron. Lett. (2)

F. Brechet , P. Roy , J. Marcou , and D. Pagnoux , “ Singlemode propagation into depressed-core-index photonic-bandgap fiber designed for zero-dispersion propagation at short wavelengths ,” Electron. Lett.   36 : 514 – 515 ( 2000 )
[Crossref]

M.D. Nielsen , J.R. Folkenberg , and N.A. Mortensen , “ Singlemdoe photo,ic crsytal fibre with effective area of 600 μm2 and low bending loss ,” Electron. Lett.   39 , 1802 – 1803 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

C.D. Poole and D.L. Favin , “ Polarization-Mode Dispersion Measurements Based on Transmission Spectra Through a Polarizer ,” J. Lightwave Technol.   12 , 917 – 929 ( 1994 ).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature (1)

F. Benabid , F. Couny , J.C. Knight , T.A. Birks , and P.St.J Russell , “ Compact, stable and efficient all-fiber gas cells using hollow-core photonic crystal fibers ,” Nature   434 (7032), 488 – 491 ( 2005 )
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (12)

J. D. Shephard , J. D. C. Jones , D. P. Hand , G. Bouwmans , J. C. Knight , P. St.J. Russell , and B. J. Mangan , “ High energy nanosecond laser pulses delivered single-mode through hollow-core PBG fibers ,” Opt. Express   12 , 717 – 723 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-4-717
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Bouwmans , F. Luan , Jonathan Cave Knight , P. St. J. Russell , L. Farr , B. J. Mangan , and H. Sabert “ Properties of a hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber at 850 nm wavelength ,” Opt. Express   11 , 1613 – 1620 ( 2003 ) http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-14-1613
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen , M. Li, N. Venkataraman , M. T. Gallagher , W. A. Wood , A. M. Crowley , J. P. Carberry , L. A. Zenteno , and K. W. Koch , “ Highly birefringent hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber ,” Opt. Express   12 , 3888 – 3893 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-16-3888
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Saitoh , N. A. Mortensen , and M. Koshiba , “ Air-core photonic band-gap fibers: the impact of surface modes ,” Opt. Express   12 , 394 – 400 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-3-394
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. West , C. M. Smith , N. F. Borrelli , D. C. Allan , and K. W. Koch , “ Surface modes in air-core photonic band-gap fibers ,” Opt. Express   12 , 1485 – 1496 ( 2004 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-8-1485
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A.K. Abeeluck , N. M. Litchinitser , C. Headley , and B. J. Eggleton , “ Analysis of spectral characteristics of photonic bandgap waveguides ,” Opt. Express   10 , 1320 – 1333 ( 2002 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-23-1320.
[PubMed]

T.P. Larsen , A. Bjarklev , D. S. Hermann , and J. Broeng , “ Optical devices based on liquid crystal photonic bandgap fibres ,” Opt. Express   11 , 2589 – 2596 ( 2003 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-20-2589
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Argyros , T.A. Birks , S. G. Leon-Saval , C. B. Cordeiro , F. Luan , and Russell , “ Photonic bandgap with an index step of one percent ,” Opt. Express   13 , 309 – 314 ( 2005 ) http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-1-309
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Argyros , T. A. Birks , S. G. Leon-Saval , Cordeiro , and P. St. J. Russell , “ Guidance properties of low-contrast photonic bandgap fibers ,” Opt. Express   13 , 2503 – 2511 ( 2005 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-7-2503
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. J. Wadsworth , N. Joly , J. C. Knight , T. A. Birks , F. Biancalana , and P. St.J. Russell , “ Supercontinuum and four-wave mixing with Q-switched pulses in endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fibers ,” Opt. Express   12 , 299 – 309 ( 2004 ) http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-2-299
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Fuerbach , P. Steinvurzel , J. A. Bolger , and B. J. Eggleton , “ Nonlinear pulse propagation at zero dispersion wavelength in anti-resonant photonic crystal fibers ,” Opt. Express   13 , 2977 – 2987 ( 2005 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-8-2977
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. M. Litchinitser , S. C. Dunn , B. Usner , B. J. Eggleton , T. P. White , R. C. McPhedran , and C. M. de Sterke , “ Resonances in microstructured optical waveguides ,” Opt. Express   11 , 1243 – 1251 ( 2003 ), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-10-1243
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Optics Lett. (1)

F. Luan , A.K. George , TD Hedley , GJ Pearce , DM Bird , J.C. Knight , and P.St.J. Russell , “ All solid photonic bandgap fiber ,” Optics Lett.   29 , 2369 – 2371 ( 2004 )
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett (1)

F enabid , G. Bouwmans , J.C. Knight , P.St.J. St Russell , and F. Couny , “ Ultrahigh efficiency laser wavelength conversion in a gas-filled hollow core photonic crystal fiber by pure stimulated rotational Raman scattering in molecular hydrogen ,” Phys. Rev. Lett   93 , art . 123903 ( 2004 )
[Crossref]

Science (2)

D. G. Ouzounov , F. R. Ahmad , D. Muller , N. Venkataraman , M. T. Gallagher , M. G. Thomas , J. Silcox , K.W. Koch , and A. L. Gaeta , “ Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers ,” Science   301 , 1702 – 1704 ( 2003 ).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P.St.J. Russell , “ Photonic crystal fibers ,” Science   299 , 358 – 362 ( 2003 )
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Scanning electron micrograph of the SC-PBG fiber. The bright cylinders correspond to germanium-doped regions. The fiber diameter is 300 μm for a core diameter of 20 μm and a pitch, ʌ, of 15.2 μm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Transmission spectrum of the PBG fiber shown on Fig. 1 (L= 4 m). Full curves: experimental data with 2 nm (black) and 0.05 nm (dark blue) resolution. The hatched regions represent the range of wavelength for which new modes appear in the high index inclusions (cf. Table 1). (b) Schematic representation of the set-up used for transmission measurements

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Loss transmission spectrum of the 300 μm diameter fiber. The spectrum was obtained by cutting the fiber from 387 m to 10 m.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Near field image of the guided mode observed at 1470 nm for a fiber length of 59.5 cm. (b) Experimental intensity profiles (black curves) along the two axes X and Y shown on Fig. 4 (a). The red curves represent a Gaussian fit of the experimental data.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

GVD measured with the phase modulation method (red curve) and the low coherence interference method (blue curve) inside the fiber’s 3rd bandgap. Inset shows an example of an interference pattern observed in the case of the interference method.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a) Result of the substraction of two transmission spectra obtained for orthogonal directions of the input polarizer (Lfiber = 347 m) and (b) the corresponding calculated group delay τ.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Mode cutoffs of the high-index inclusions of our 300 μm fiber according to the results published in [21]. Each range of wavelength for which a group of modes appears in high index inclusions has been represented by hatched areas on Fig. 2.

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