Abstract

The supermode noise suppressing ratio (SMSR) and the phase noise of a harmonically mode-locked Erbium-doped fiber laser (HML-EDFL) with an intra-cavity semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) and an optical band-pass filter (OBPF) are improved and compared with a state-of-the-art Fabry-Perot laser diode (FPLD) injection-mode-locked EDFL. By driving the intra-cavity SOA based high-pass filter at unitary gain condition, the SMSR of the HML-EDFL is enhanced to 82 dB at the cost of degrading phase noise, increasing jitter, and broadened pulsewidth. The adding of OBPF further improves the SMSR, pulsewidth, phase noise, and jitter of the SOA-filtered HML-EDFL to 90 dB, 42 ps, -112 dBc/Hz, and 0.7 ps, respectively. The ultrahigh SMSR of the SOA-filtered HML-EDFL can compete with that of the FPLD injection-mode-locked EDFL without sacrificing its pulsewidth and jitter performances.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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  8. S. Li and K. T. Chan, “Wavelength-tunable actively mode-locked erbium-doped fiberring laser using a distributed feedback semiconductor laser as mode locker and tunable filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 313–315 (1999).
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  14. M. Schell, W. Utz, D. Huhse, J. Kassner, and D. Bimberg, “Low jitter single-mode pulse generation by a self-seeded gain-switched Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 3045–3047 (1994).
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    [CrossRef]
  20. P. Pepeljugoski, J. Lin, J. Gamelin, M. Hong, and K. Y. Lau, “Ultralow timing jitter in electrically gain-switched vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1588–1590 (1993).
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  26. T. Saitoh and T. Mukai, “1.5μm GaInAsP Traveling-Wave Semiconductor Laser Amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1010–1020 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  27. Y. Yamamoto, “Noise and error rate performance of semiconductor laser amplifiers in PCM-IM optical transmission systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1073–1081 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  28. T. Mukai, Y. Yamamoto, and T. Kimura, “S/N and error rate performance in AlGaAs semiconductor laser preamplifier and linear repeater systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1560–1568 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  29. C. H. Henry, “Theory of spontaneous emission noise in open resonators and its application lasers and optical amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 288–297 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  30. K. Kikuchi, C.-E. Zah, and T.-P. Lee, “Measurement and analysis of SSB phase noise generated from semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 416–422 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  31. E. Yoshida, K. Kimura, and M. Nakazawa, “20 GHz, 1.8 ps pulse generation from a regeneratively modelocked erbium-doped fibre laser and its femtosecond pulse compression,” Electron. Lett. 31, 377–378 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  32. M. Nakazawa, K. Kimura, and E. Yoshida, “Supermode noise suppression in a harmonically modelocked fibre laser by selfphase modulation and spectral filtering,” Electron. Lett. 32, 461–463 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  33. H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, “Highly stable, actively mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser utilizing relaxation oscillation as detuning monitor,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E81-C, 213–220 (1998).

2004 (2)

2003 (1)

2002 (3)

L. A. Jiang, M. E. Grein, and E. P. Ippen, “Quantum-limited noise performance of a mode-locked laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 27, 49–51 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Peng, M. Yao, Q. Xu, and H. Zhang, “Suppression of supermode competitions in SOA fiber mode-locked ring laser,” in proceedings of the 15th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, LEOS 2, 377–378, (2002).

L. Duan, C. J. K. Richardson, Z. Hu, M. Dagenais, and J. Goldhar, “A stable smoothly wavelength-tunable picosecond pulse generator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 840–842 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

K. Sato and H. Toba, “Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 328–333 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

K. K. Gupta, D. Novak, and H.-F. Liu, “Noise characterization of a regeneratively mode-locked fiber ring laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 70–78 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (4)

E. Yoshida and M. Nakazawa, “Measurement of the timing jitter and pulse energy fluctuation of a PLL regeneratively mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 548–550 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Papakyriakopoulos, K. Vlachos, A. Hatziefremidis, and H. Avramopoulos, “20-GHz broadly tunable and stable mode-locked semiconductor amplifier fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 24, 209–1211 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Li and K. T. Chan, “Actively mode-locked erbium fiber ring laser using a Fabry-Perot semiconductor modulator as mode locker and tunable filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2737–2740 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Li and K. T. Chan, “Wavelength-tunable actively mode-locked erbium-doped fiberring laser using a distributed feedback semiconductor laser as mode locker and tunable filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 313–315 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, “Highly stable, actively mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser utilizing relaxation oscillation as detuning monitor,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E81-C, 213–220 (1998).

1997 (2)

K. K. Gupta and D. Novak, “Millimeter-wave repetition-rate optical pulse train generation in harmonically modelocked fiber ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1330–1331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Kawanishi, K. Okamoto, M. Ishii, O. Kamatani, H. Takara, and K. Uchiyama, “All-optical time-division-multiplexing of 100 Gbit/s signal based on four-wave mixing in a travelling-wave semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 33, 976–977 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (3)

N. de Baynes, J. Allan, and J. R. A. Cleaver, “Mode-discriminating electrooptic sampling for separating guided and unguided modes on coplanar waveguide,” IEEE Micro. Guided Wave Lett. 6, 126–128 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and K. Tamura, “10GHz, 2ps regeneratively and harmonically FM mode-locked erbium fibre ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1285–1287 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, K. Kimura, and E. Yoshida, “Supermode noise suppression in a harmonically modelocked fibre laser by selfphase modulation and spectral filtering,” Electron. Lett. 32, 461–463 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

E. Yoshida, K. Kimura, and M. Nakazawa, “20 GHz, 1.8 ps pulse generation from a regeneratively modelocked erbium-doped fibre laser and its femtosecond pulse compression,” Electron. Lett. 31, 377–378 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

M. Schell, W. Utz, D. Huhse, J. Kassner, and D. Bimberg, “Low jitter single-mode pulse generation by a self-seeded gain-switched Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 3045–3047 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

P. Pepeljugoski, J. Lin, J. Gamelin, M. Hong, and K. Y. Lau, “Ultralow timing jitter in electrically gain-switched vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1588–1590 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Jinno, “Effect of timing jitter on an optically-controlled picosecond optical switch,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1409–1411 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

R. P. Davey, K. Smith, and A. McGuire, “High-speed mode-locked, tunable, integrated erbium fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 428–483 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

K. Kikuchi, C.-E. Zah, and T.-P. Lee, “Measurement and analysis of SSB phase noise generated from semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 416–422 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

A. Finch, X. Zhu, P. N. Kean, and W. Sibbett, “Noise characterization of mode-locked color-centre laser sources,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1115–1123 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (2)

M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, and K. J. Weingarten, “Subpicosecond laser timing stabilization,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 817–827 (1989).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. D. Li, M. J. W. Rodwell, and D. M. Bloom, “Noise characterization of femtosecond Raman soliton laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 280–288 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

T. Saitoh and T. Mukai, “1.5μm GaInAsP Traveling-Wave Semiconductor Laser Amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1010–1020 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (3)

C. H. Henry, “Theory of spontaneous emission noise in open resonators and its application lasers and optical amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 288–297 (1986).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Taylor, J. M. Wiesenfeld, G. Eisenstein, and R. S. Tucker, “Timing jitter in a mode-locked and gain-switched InGaAsP injection lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 681–683 (1986).
[CrossRef]

D. Von der Linde, “Characterization of the noise in continuously operating mode-locked laser,” Appl. Phys. B 39, 201–217 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

T. Mukai, Y. Yamamoto, and T. Kimura, “S/N and error rate performance in AlGaAs semiconductor laser preamplifier and linear repeater systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1560–1568 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

Y. Yamamoto, “Noise and error rate performance of semiconductor laser amplifiers in PCM-IM optical transmission systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1073–1081 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Allan, J.

N. de Baynes, J. Allan, and J. R. A. Cleaver, “Mode-discriminating electrooptic sampling for separating guided and unguided modes on coplanar waveguide,” IEEE Micro. Guided Wave Lett. 6, 126–128 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Avramopoulos, H.

T. Papakyriakopoulos, K. Vlachos, A. Hatziefremidis, and H. Avramopoulos, “20-GHz broadly tunable and stable mode-locked semiconductor amplifier fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 24, 209–1211 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Baby, V.

Bimberg, D.

M. Schell, W. Utz, D. Huhse, J. Kassner, and D. Bimberg, “Low jitter single-mode pulse generation by a self-seeded gain-switched Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 3045–3047 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bloom, D. M.

M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, and K. J. Weingarten, “Subpicosecond laser timing stabilization,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 817–827 (1989).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. D. Li, M. J. W. Rodwell, and D. M. Bloom, “Noise characterization of femtosecond Raman soliton laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 280–288 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Chan, K. T.

S. Li and K. T. Chan, “Actively mode-locked erbium fiber ring laser using a Fabry-Perot semiconductor modulator as mode locker and tunable filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2737–2740 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Li and K. T. Chan, “Wavelength-tunable actively mode-locked erbium-doped fiberring laser using a distributed feedback semiconductor laser as mode locker and tunable filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 313–315 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cleaver, J. R. A.

N. de Baynes, J. Allan, and J. R. A. Cleaver, “Mode-discriminating electrooptic sampling for separating guided and unguided modes on coplanar waveguide,” IEEE Micro. Guided Wave Lett. 6, 126–128 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dagenais, M.

L. Duan, C. J. K. Richardson, Z. Hu, M. Dagenais, and J. Goldhar, “A stable smoothly wavelength-tunable picosecond pulse generator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 840–842 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Davey, R. P.

R. P. Davey, K. Smith, and A. McGuire, “High-speed mode-locked, tunable, integrated erbium fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 428–483 (1992).
[CrossRef]

de Baynes, N.

N. de Baynes, J. Allan, and J. R. A. Cleaver, “Mode-discriminating electrooptic sampling for separating guided and unguided modes on coplanar waveguide,” IEEE Micro. Guided Wave Lett. 6, 126–128 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Deng, Z.

Duan, L.

L. Duan, C. J. K. Richardson, Z. Hu, M. Dagenais, and J. Goldhar, “A stable smoothly wavelength-tunable picosecond pulse generator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 840–842 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Eisenstein, G.

A. J. Taylor, J. M. Wiesenfeld, G. Eisenstein, and R. S. Tucker, “Timing jitter in a mode-locked and gain-switched InGaAsP injection lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 681–683 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Finch, A.

A. Finch, X. Zhu, P. N. Kean, and W. Sibbett, “Noise characterization of mode-locked color-centre laser sources,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1115–1123 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Gamelin, J.

P. Pepeljugoski, J. Lin, J. Gamelin, M. Hong, and K. Y. Lau, “Ultralow timing jitter in electrically gain-switched vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1588–1590 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Glesk, I.

Goldhar, J.

L. Duan, C. J. K. Richardson, Z. Hu, M. Dagenais, and J. Goldhar, “A stable smoothly wavelength-tunable picosecond pulse generator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 840–842 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Grein, M. E.

Gupta, K. K.

K. K. Gupta, D. Novak, and H.-F. Liu, “Noise characterization of a regeneratively mode-locked fiber ring laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 70–78 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. K. Gupta and D. Novak, “Millimeter-wave repetition-rate optical pulse train generation in harmonically modelocked fiber ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1330–1331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hatziefremidis, A.

T. Papakyriakopoulos, K. Vlachos, A. Hatziefremidis, and H. Avramopoulos, “20-GHz broadly tunable and stable mode-locked semiconductor amplifier fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 24, 209–1211 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Henry, C. H.

C. H. Henry, “Theory of spontaneous emission noise in open resonators and its application lasers and optical amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 288–297 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Hong, M.

P. Pepeljugoski, J. Lin, J. Gamelin, M. Hong, and K. Y. Lau, “Ultralow timing jitter in electrically gain-switched vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1588–1590 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Z.

L. Duan, C. J. K. Richardson, Z. Hu, M. Dagenais, and J. Goldhar, “A stable smoothly wavelength-tunable picosecond pulse generator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 840–842 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Huhse, D.

M. Schell, W. Utz, D. Huhse, J. Kassner, and D. Bimberg, “Low jitter single-mode pulse generation by a self-seeded gain-switched Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 3045–3047 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

Ishii, M.

S. Kawanishi, K. Okamoto, M. Ishii, O. Kamatani, H. Takara, and K. Uchiyama, “All-optical time-division-multiplexing of 100 Gbit/s signal based on four-wave mixing in a travelling-wave semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 33, 976–977 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, L. A.

Jinno, M.

Kamatani, O.

S. Kawanishi, K. Okamoto, M. Ishii, O. Kamatani, H. Takara, and K. Uchiyama, “All-optical time-division-multiplexing of 100 Gbit/s signal based on four-wave mixing in a travelling-wave semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 33, 976–977 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kassner, J.

M. Schell, W. Utz, D. Huhse, J. Kassner, and D. Bimberg, “Low jitter single-mode pulse generation by a self-seeded gain-switched Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 3045–3047 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kawanishi, S.

H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, “Highly stable, actively mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser utilizing relaxation oscillation as detuning monitor,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E81-C, 213–220 (1998).

S. Kawanishi, K. Okamoto, M. Ishii, O. Kamatani, H. Takara, and K. Uchiyama, “All-optical time-division-multiplexing of 100 Gbit/s signal based on four-wave mixing in a travelling-wave semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 33, 976–977 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kean, P. N.

A. Finch, X. Zhu, P. N. Kean, and W. Sibbett, “Noise characterization of mode-locked color-centre laser sources,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1115–1123 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

U. Keller, K. D. Li, M. J. W. Rodwell, and D. M. Bloom, “Noise characterization of femtosecond Raman soliton laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 280–288 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, K.

K. Kikuchi, C.-E. Zah, and T.-P. Lee, “Measurement and analysis of SSB phase noise generated from semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 416–422 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, K.

M. Nakazawa, K. Kimura, and E. Yoshida, “Supermode noise suppression in a harmonically modelocked fibre laser by selfphase modulation and spectral filtering,” Electron. Lett. 32, 461–463 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. Yoshida, K. Kimura, and M. Nakazawa, “20 GHz, 1.8 ps pulse generation from a regeneratively modelocked erbium-doped fibre laser and its femtosecond pulse compression,” Electron. Lett. 31, 377–378 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, T.

T. Mukai, Y. Yamamoto, and T. Kimura, “S/N and error rate performance in AlGaAs semiconductor laser preamplifier and linear repeater systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1560–1568 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Lau, K. Y.

P. Pepeljugoski, J. Lin, J. Gamelin, M. Hong, and K. Y. Lau, “Ultralow timing jitter in electrically gain-switched vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1588–1590 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lee, T.-P.

K. Kikuchi, C.-E. Zah, and T.-P. Lee, “Measurement and analysis of SSB phase noise generated from semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 416–422 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Li, K. D.

U. Keller, K. D. Li, M. J. W. Rodwell, and D. M. Bloom, “Noise characterization of femtosecond Raman soliton laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 280–288 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Li, S.

S. Li and K. T. Chan, “Wavelength-tunable actively mode-locked erbium-doped fiberring laser using a distributed feedback semiconductor laser as mode locker and tunable filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 313–315 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Li and K. T. Chan, “Actively mode-locked erbium fiber ring laser using a Fabry-Perot semiconductor modulator as mode locker and tunable filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2737–2740 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Liao, Y.

Lin, G.-R.

Lin, J.

P. Pepeljugoski, J. Lin, J. Gamelin, M. Hong, and K. Y. Lau, “Ultralow timing jitter in electrically gain-switched vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1588–1590 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H.-F.

K. K. Gupta, D. Novak, and H.-F. Liu, “Noise characterization of a regeneratively mode-locked fiber ring laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 70–78 (2000).
[CrossRef]

McGuire, A.

R. P. Davey, K. Smith, and A. McGuire, “High-speed mode-locked, tunable, integrated erbium fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 428–483 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Mukai, T.

T. Saitoh and T. Mukai, “1.5μm GaInAsP Traveling-Wave Semiconductor Laser Amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1010–1020 (1987).
[CrossRef]

T. Mukai, Y. Yamamoto, and T. Kimura, “S/N and error rate performance in AlGaAs semiconductor laser preamplifier and linear repeater systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1560–1568 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

E. Yoshida and M. Nakazawa, “Measurement of the timing jitter and pulse energy fluctuation of a PLL regeneratively mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 548–550 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and K. Tamura, “10GHz, 2ps regeneratively and harmonically FM mode-locked erbium fibre ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1285–1287 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, K. Kimura, and E. Yoshida, “Supermode noise suppression in a harmonically modelocked fibre laser by selfphase modulation and spectral filtering,” Electron. Lett. 32, 461–463 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. Yoshida, K. Kimura, and M. Nakazawa, “20 GHz, 1.8 ps pulse generation from a regeneratively modelocked erbium-doped fibre laser and its femtosecond pulse compression,” Electron. Lett. 31, 377–378 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Novak, D.

K. K. Gupta, D. Novak, and H.-F. Liu, “Noise characterization of a regeneratively mode-locked fiber ring laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 70–78 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. K. Gupta and D. Novak, “Millimeter-wave repetition-rate optical pulse train generation in harmonically modelocked fiber ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1330–1331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, K.

S. Kawanishi, K. Okamoto, M. Ishii, O. Kamatani, H. Takara, and K. Uchiyama, “All-optical time-division-multiplexing of 100 Gbit/s signal based on four-wave mixing in a travelling-wave semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 33, 976–977 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Papakyriakopoulos, T.

T. Papakyriakopoulos, K. Vlachos, A. Hatziefremidis, and H. Avramopoulos, “20-GHz broadly tunable and stable mode-locked semiconductor amplifier fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 24, 209–1211 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Peng, C.

C. Peng, M. Yao, Q. Xu, and H. Zhang, “Suppression of supermode competitions in SOA fiber mode-locked ring laser,” in proceedings of the 15th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, LEOS 2, 377–378, (2002).

Pepeljugoski, P.

P. Pepeljugoski, J. Lin, J. Gamelin, M. Hong, and K. Y. Lau, “Ultralow timing jitter in electrically gain-switched vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1588–1590 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Prucnal, P. R.

Rand, D.

Richardson, C. J. K.

L. Duan, C. J. K. Richardson, Z. Hu, M. Dagenais, and J. Goldhar, “A stable smoothly wavelength-tunable picosecond pulse generator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 840–842 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rodwell, M. J. W.

M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, and K. J. Weingarten, “Subpicosecond laser timing stabilization,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 817–827 (1989).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. D. Li, M. J. W. Rodwell, and D. M. Bloom, “Noise characterization of femtosecond Raman soliton laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 280–288 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Saitoh, T.

T. Saitoh and T. Mukai, “1.5μm GaInAsP Traveling-Wave Semiconductor Laser Amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1010–1020 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Saruwatari, M.

H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, “Highly stable, actively mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser utilizing relaxation oscillation as detuning monitor,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E81-C, 213–220 (1998).

Sato, K.

K. Sato and H. Toba, “Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 328–333 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schell, M.

M. Schell, W. Utz, D. Huhse, J. Kassner, and D. Bimberg, “Low jitter single-mode pulse generation by a self-seeded gain-switched Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 3045–3047 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

A. Finch, X. Zhu, P. N. Kean, and W. Sibbett, “Noise characterization of mode-locked color-centre laser sources,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1115–1123 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Smith, K.

R. P. Davey, K. Smith, and A. McGuire, “High-speed mode-locked, tunable, integrated erbium fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 428–483 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Takara, H.

H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, “Highly stable, actively mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser utilizing relaxation oscillation as detuning monitor,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E81-C, 213–220 (1998).

S. Kawanishi, K. Okamoto, M. Ishii, O. Kamatani, H. Takara, and K. Uchiyama, “All-optical time-division-multiplexing of 100 Gbit/s signal based on four-wave mixing in a travelling-wave semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 33, 976–977 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and K. Tamura, “10GHz, 2ps regeneratively and harmonically FM mode-locked erbium fibre ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1285–1287 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, A. J.

A. J. Taylor, J. M. Wiesenfeld, G. Eisenstein, and R. S. Tucker, “Timing jitter in a mode-locked and gain-switched InGaAsP injection lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 681–683 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Toba, H.

K. Sato and H. Toba, “Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 328–333 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tucker, R. S.

A. J. Taylor, J. M. Wiesenfeld, G. Eisenstein, and R. S. Tucker, “Timing jitter in a mode-locked and gain-switched InGaAsP injection lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 681–683 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Uchiyama, K.

S. Kawanishi, K. Okamoto, M. Ishii, O. Kamatani, H. Takara, and K. Uchiyama, “All-optical time-division-multiplexing of 100 Gbit/s signal based on four-wave mixing in a travelling-wave semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 33, 976–977 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Utz, W.

M. Schell, W. Utz, D. Huhse, J. Kassner, and D. Bimberg, “Low jitter single-mode pulse generation by a self-seeded gain-switched Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 3045–3047 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Vlachos, K.

T. Papakyriakopoulos, K. Vlachos, A. Hatziefremidis, and H. Avramopoulos, “20-GHz broadly tunable and stable mode-locked semiconductor amplifier fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 24, 209–1211 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Von der Linde, D.

D. Von der Linde, “Characterization of the noise in continuously operating mode-locked laser,” Appl. Phys. B 39, 201–217 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Weingarten, K. J.

M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, and K. J. Weingarten, “Subpicosecond laser timing stabilization,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 817–827 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Wiesenfeld, J. M.

A. J. Taylor, J. M. Wiesenfeld, G. Eisenstein, and R. S. Tucker, “Timing jitter in a mode-locked and gain-switched InGaAsP injection lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 681–683 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Xia, G.

Xu, L.

Xu, Q.

C. Peng, M. Yao, Q. Xu, and H. Zhang, “Suppression of supermode competitions in SOA fiber mode-locked ring laser,” in proceedings of the 15th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, LEOS 2, 377–378, (2002).

Yamamoto, Y.

T. Mukai, Y. Yamamoto, and T. Kimura, “S/N and error rate performance in AlGaAs semiconductor laser preamplifier and linear repeater systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1560–1568 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yamamoto, “Noise and error rate performance of semiconductor laser amplifiers in PCM-IM optical transmission systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1073–1081 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Yao, J.

Yao, M.

C. Peng, M. Yao, Q. Xu, and H. Zhang, “Suppression of supermode competitions in SOA fiber mode-locked ring laser,” in proceedings of the 15th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, LEOS 2, 377–378, (2002).

Yoshida, E.

E. Yoshida and M. Nakazawa, “Measurement of the timing jitter and pulse energy fluctuation of a PLL regeneratively mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 548–550 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and K. Tamura, “10GHz, 2ps regeneratively and harmonically FM mode-locked erbium fibre ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1285–1287 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, K. Kimura, and E. Yoshida, “Supermode noise suppression in a harmonically modelocked fibre laser by selfphase modulation and spectral filtering,” Electron. Lett. 32, 461–463 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. Yoshida, K. Kimura, and M. Nakazawa, “20 GHz, 1.8 ps pulse generation from a regeneratively modelocked erbium-doped fibre laser and its femtosecond pulse compression,” Electron. Lett. 31, 377–378 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zah, C.-E.

K. Kikuchi, C.-E. Zah, and T.-P. Lee, “Measurement and analysis of SSB phase noise generated from semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 416–422 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

C. Peng, M. Yao, Q. Xu, and H. Zhang, “Suppression of supermode competitions in SOA fiber mode-locked ring laser,” in proceedings of the 15th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, LEOS 2, 377–378, (2002).

Zhu, X.

A. Finch, X. Zhu, P. N. Kean, and W. Sibbett, “Noise characterization of mode-locked color-centre laser sources,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1115–1123 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

D. Von der Linde, “Characterization of the noise in continuously operating mode-locked laser,” Appl. Phys. B 39, 201–217 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

M. Schell, W. Utz, D. Huhse, J. Kassner, and D. Bimberg, “Low jitter single-mode pulse generation by a self-seeded gain-switched Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 3045–3047 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. Li and K. T. Chan, “Actively mode-locked erbium fiber ring laser using a Fabry-Perot semiconductor modulator as mode locker and tunable filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2737–2740 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Li and K. T. Chan, “Wavelength-tunable actively mode-locked erbium-doped fiberring laser using a distributed feedback semiconductor laser as mode locker and tunable filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 313–315 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Taylor, J. M. Wiesenfeld, G. Eisenstein, and R. S. Tucker, “Timing jitter in a mode-locked and gain-switched InGaAsP injection lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 681–683 (1986).
[CrossRef]

P. Pepeljugoski, J. Lin, J. Gamelin, M. Hong, and K. Y. Lau, “Ultralow timing jitter in electrically gain-switched vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1588–1590 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (6)

E. Yoshida, K. Kimura, and M. Nakazawa, “20 GHz, 1.8 ps pulse generation from a regeneratively modelocked erbium-doped fibre laser and its femtosecond pulse compression,” Electron. Lett. 31, 377–378 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, K. Kimura, and E. Yoshida, “Supermode noise suppression in a harmonically modelocked fibre laser by selfphase modulation and spectral filtering,” Electron. Lett. 32, 461–463 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. K. Gupta and D. Novak, “Millimeter-wave repetition-rate optical pulse train generation in harmonically modelocked fiber ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 33, 1330–1331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Davey, K. Smith, and A. McGuire, “High-speed mode-locked, tunable, integrated erbium fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 28, 428–483 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. Kawanishi, K. Okamoto, M. Ishii, O. Kamatani, H. Takara, and K. Uchiyama, “All-optical time-division-multiplexing of 100 Gbit/s signal based on four-wave mixing in a travelling-wave semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 33, 976–977 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and K. Tamura, “10GHz, 2ps regeneratively and harmonically FM mode-locked erbium fibre ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1285–1287 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (8)

M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, and K. J. Weingarten, “Subpicosecond laser timing stabilization,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 817–827 (1989).
[CrossRef]

U. Keller, K. D. Li, M. J. W. Rodwell, and D. M. Bloom, “Noise characterization of femtosecond Raman soliton laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 280–288 (1989).
[CrossRef]

A. Finch, X. Zhu, P. N. Kean, and W. Sibbett, “Noise characterization of mode-locked color-centre laser sources,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1115–1123 (1990).
[CrossRef]

K. K. Gupta, D. Novak, and H.-F. Liu, “Noise characterization of a regeneratively mode-locked fiber ring laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 70–78 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Kikuchi, C.-E. Zah, and T.-P. Lee, “Measurement and analysis of SSB phase noise generated from semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 416–422 (1991).
[CrossRef]

T. Saitoh and T. Mukai, “1.5μm GaInAsP Traveling-Wave Semiconductor Laser Amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1010–1020 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yamamoto, “Noise and error rate performance of semiconductor laser amplifiers in PCM-IM optical transmission systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1073–1081 (1980).
[CrossRef]

T. Mukai, Y. Yamamoto, and T. Kimura, “S/N and error rate performance in AlGaAs semiconductor laser preamplifier and linear repeater systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1560–1568 (1982).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Sato and H. Toba, “Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 328–333 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Micro. Guided Wave Lett. (1)

N. de Baynes, J. Allan, and J. R. A. Cleaver, “Mode-discriminating electrooptic sampling for separating guided and unguided modes on coplanar waveguide,” IEEE Micro. Guided Wave Lett. 6, 126–128 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

E. Yoshida and M. Nakazawa, “Measurement of the timing jitter and pulse energy fluctuation of a PLL regeneratively mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 548–550 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Duan, C. J. K. Richardson, Z. Hu, M. Dagenais, and J. Goldhar, “A stable smoothly wavelength-tunable picosecond pulse generator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 840–842 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, and M. Saruwatari, “Highly stable, actively mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser utilizing relaxation oscillation as detuning monitor,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E81-C, 213–220 (1998).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

C. H. Henry, “Theory of spontaneous emission noise in open resonators and its application lasers and optical amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 288–297 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (1)

C. Peng, M. Yao, Q. Xu, and H. Zhang, “Suppression of supermode competitions in SOA fiber mode-locked ring laser,” in proceedings of the 15th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, LEOS 2, 377–378, (2002).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The schematic diagrams of the (a) HML-EDFL and (b) SOA-and-OBPF-filtered HML-EDFL. PC: polarization controller; OC: optical coupler; EDFA: Erbium-doped fiber amplifier; MZM: Mach-Zehnder intensity modulator; SOA: semiconductor optical amplifier; OBPF: optical bandpass filter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The schematic diagram of the EDFL mutually injection-mode-locked with a gain-switched FPLD. Comb: Electrical pulse generator; FPLD: Fabry-Perot laser diode.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The peak power (solid up-triangle) and pulsewidth (solid square) as a function of detuning frequency for (a) the HML-EDFL and (b) the FPLD-IML-EDFL systems.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Supermode noise spectrum (left) and pulse shape (right) of the HML-EDFL (upper part) and the HML-EDFL with intra-cavity SOA and OBPF (lower part). (b) The supermode noise spectra measured at resolution bandwidth of (1) 1 Hz; (2) 10 Hz; and (3) 100 kHz.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) The pulse shapes and (b) the supermode noise spectrum (RBW = 1 Hz) of (1) the free-running FPLD, and (2) the FPLD-IML-EDFL.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a) The SSB phase noise spectra and (b) the timing jitter of (1) the free-running FPLD and (2) the FPLD-IML-EDFL.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) The SSB phase noise in HML-EDFL (1) without SOA, (2) with SOA and (3) with SOA and OBPF; (b) the timing jitter in HML-EDFL (1) without SOA, (2) with SOA and (3) with SOA and OBPF.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

The SMSR and the SSB phase noise of (a) the HML-EDFL with SOA and (b) the HML-EDFL with SOA and OBPF at different SOA currents.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

The simulated (solid line) and measured SSB phase noises as a function of the SOA gain for the SOA-filtered EDFL without (solid square) and with OBPF (up triangle).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Comparisons on performances of versatile EDFL systems

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

σ ( f ) = 1 2 π f 0 { 2 f L f H [ ( [ 10 L n ( f ) 10 10 L 1 ( f ) 10 ] ( n 2 1 ) ) ] df } 1 2
d Δ g dt + Δ g ( 1 τ c + p in · e g 0 E sat ) = Δ P in E sat ( e g 0 1 ) ,
R = Δ P out P out Δ P in P in = [ 1 ( 1 e g 0 ) × e g 0 P avg E sat × 1 τ c [ 1 τ c ] 2 + Δ ω 2 ] 2 + [ ( 1 e g ) × e g 0 P avg E sat × Δ ω [ 1 τ c ] 2 + Δ ω 2 ] 2 ,

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