Abstract

The diffraction efficiency of gratings written in ternary SnO2:SiO2:Na2O bulk glasses rises dramatically with time after the occultation of the cw 244nm light used to write the thick hologram. This self-induced behavior lasts for several hours and ultimately leads to refractive index changes as high as 3 10-3.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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Appl. Phys. Lett.

D. Milanese, M. Ferraris, Y. Menke, M. Olivero, G. Perrone, C. B. E. Gawith, G. Brambilla, P. G. R. Smith and E. R. Taylor, �??Photosensitive properties of a tin-doped sodium silica glass for direct ultraviolet writing,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3259 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Strasser, T. Erdogan, A. E. White, V. Mizrahi and P. J. Lemaire, �??Ultraviolet laser fabrication of strong, nearly polarization-independent Bragg reflectorsin germanium-doped silica waveguides on silica substrates,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 3308 (1994).
[CrossRef]

X. C. Long and S. R. J. Brueck, �??Large photosensitivity in lead-silicate glasses,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2110 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Brambilla, V. Pruneri and L. Reekie, �??Photorefractive index gratings in SnO2:SiO2 optical fibres,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 76 (7), 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bell. Syst. Tech. J.

H. Kogelnik, �??Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,�?? Bell. Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).

Bragg Gratings Photosens. & Poling 2001

G. Brambilla and P. Hua, �??Phase separation in highly-photosensitive tin-doped and codoped silica optical fibers and preforms,�?? Bragg Gratings Photosensitivity and Poling in Glass Waveguides (BGPP), Stresa, Italy, Technical Digest, BthA1 (2001).

Electron. Lett.

R. M. Atkins, P. J. Lemaire, T. Erdogan and V. Mizrahi, �??Mechanisms of enhanced UV photosensitivity via hydrogen loading in germanosilicate glasses,�?? Electron. Lett. 29, 1234 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.

L. Dong, J. L. Cruz, L. Reekie, M. G. Xu and D. N. Payne, �??Enhanced photosensitivity in tin-doped germanosilicate optical fibers,�?? IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 1048 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Chem.

N. Chiodini, F. Morazzoni, A. Paleari, R. Scotti and G. Spinolo, �??Sol-gel synthesis of monolithic tin-doped silica glass,�?? J. Mater. Chem. 9, 2653 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

N. Uchida, �??Calculation of diffraction efficiency in hologram gratings attenuated along the direction perpendicular to the grating vector,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 62, 280 (1973).

OFC 1999

G. E. Kohnke, D. W. Nightingale, P. G. Wigley and C. R. Pollock, �??Photosensitization of optical fiber by UV exposure of hydrogen loaded fiber,�?? Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC �??99), PD20 (1999).

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev.

N. Chiodini, F. Meinardi, F. Morazzoni, A. Paleari, R. Scotti and G. Spinolo, �??Identification of Sn variants of the E�?? center in Sn-doped SiO2,�?? Phys. Rev. 58, 9645 (1998).

Proc. SPIE

G. Perrone, D. Berger, L. Cognolato, M. Ferraris, G. Motta, D. Pircalaboiu and I. Montrosset, Proc. SPIE 3283, 31 (1998).

Other

O. V. Mazurin, M. V. Streltsina and T. P. Shvaiko-Shvaikovskaya, Handbook of glass data, Elsevier, Amsterdam (1985).

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