Abstract

We report on the generation of wave breaking-free pulses from a passively mode-locked all-fiber Erbium oscillator at 1.55 μm pumped by a Raman fiber assembly operating at 1.48 μm. The extracted pulses show a self-similar behaviour and can be scaled up to an average power of 675 mW only limited by the pump power. The laser operates at the fundamental repetition rate of 108 MHz, therefore the pulse energy is 6.2 nJ. After external compression, the dechirped pulse duration is 64 fs.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus and L. E. Nelson, �??77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser,�?? Opt. Lett. 18 1080�??1083 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. W. J. Thomlinson, R. H. Stolen and A. M. Johnson, �??Optical wave breaking of pulses in nonlinear optical fibers,�?? Opt. Lett. 10 457�??459 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. E. Fermann, �??Ultrafast Fiber Oscillators,�?? in Ultrafast Lasers, M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas and G. Sucha, ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York Basel, 2003) pp. 89�??154
  4. F. �?. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark and F. W. Wiese, �??Self-Similar Evolution of Parabolic Pulses in a Laser,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 92 231902 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. E. Nelson, S. B. Fleischer, G. Lenz and E. P. Ippen, �??Efficient frequency doubling of a femtosecond fiber laser,�?? Opt. Lett. 21 1759�??1761 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. D. Anderson, M. Desaix, M. Karlsson, M. Lisak and M. L. Quiroga-Teixeiro, �??Wave-breaking-free pulses in nonlinear-optical fibers,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10 1185�??1191 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley and J. D. Harvey, �??Self-Similar Propagation and Amplification of Parabolic Pulses in Optical Fibers,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 84 6010�??6013 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. F. �?. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, H. Lim, F. W. Wiese and W. G. Clark, �??Generation of 50-fs, 5-nJ pulses at 1.03 µm from a wave-breaking-free fiber laser,�?? Opt. Lett. 28 1365�??1367 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, M. L. Stock, K. K. Wong, D. Harter and L. Goldberg, �??Ultrawide tunable soliton fiber laser amplified in Yb-doped fiber,�?? Opt. Lett. 24 1428�??1430 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. Tamura and M. Nakazawa, �??Pulse Compression by nonlinear pulse evolution with reduced optical wavebreaking in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,�?? Opt. Lett. 21 68�??70 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  11. T. Hirooka and M. Nakazawa, �??Parabolic pulse generation by use of a dispersion decreasing fiber with normal group-velocity dispersion,�?? Opt. Lett. 29 498�??500 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. K. Tamura, J. Jacobson, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus and J. G. Fujimoto, �??Unidirectional ring resonators for self-starting passively mode-locked lasers,�?? Opt. Lett. 18, 220�??223 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. K. Tamura, C. R. Doerr, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus and E. P. Ippen, �??Technique for obtaining high-energy ultrashort pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked erbium-doped fiber ring laser,�?? Opt. Lett. 19, 46�??49 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. OFS, �??Cladding pumped Fiber Laser cavity with integrated Raman Resonator,�?? <a href= "http://www.ofsoptics.com,">http://www.ofsoptics.com,</a> (2003).
  15. C. Billet, J. M. Dudley, N. Joly and J. C. Knight, �??Intermediate asymptotic evolution and photonic bandgap fiber compression of optical similaritons around 1550 nm,�?? Opt. Express 13, 3236�??3241 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus and L. E. Nelson, �??77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser,�?? Opt. Lett. 18 1080�??1083 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Thomlinson, R. H. Stolen and A. M. Johnson, �??Optical wave breaking of pulses in nonlinear optical fibers,�?? Opt. Lett. 10 457�??459 (1985).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Nelson, S. B. Fleischer, G. Lenz and E. P. Ippen, �??Efficient frequency doubling of a femtosecond fiber laser,�?? Opt. Lett. 21 1759�??1761 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. �?. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, H. Lim, F. W. Wiese and W. G. Clark, �??Generation of 50-fs, 5-nJ pulses at 1.03 µm from a wave-breaking-free fiber laser,�?? Opt. Lett. 28 1365�??1367 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, M. L. Stock, K. K. Wong, D. Harter and L. Goldberg, �??Ultrawide tunable soliton fiber laser amplified in Yb-doped fiber,�?? Opt. Lett. 24 1428�??1430 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura and M. Nakazawa, �??Pulse Compression by nonlinear pulse evolution with reduced optical wavebreaking in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,�?? Opt. Lett. 21 68�??70 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Hirooka and M. Nakazawa, �??Parabolic pulse generation by use of a dispersion decreasing fiber with normal group-velocity dispersion,�?? Opt. Lett. 29 498�??500 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tamura, J. Jacobson, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus and J. G. Fujimoto, �??Unidirectional ring resonators for self-starting passively mode-locked lasers,�?? Opt. Lett. 18, 220�??223 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tamura, C. R. Doerr, L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus and E. P. Ippen, �??Technique for obtaining high-energy ultrashort pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked erbium-doped fiber ring laser,�?? Opt. Lett. 19, 46�??49 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

F. �?. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark and F. W. Wiese, �??Self-Similar Evolution of Parabolic Pulses in a Laser,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 92 231902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley and J. D. Harvey, �??Self-Similar Propagation and Amplification of Parabolic Pulses in Optical Fibers,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 84 6010�??6013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ultrafast Lasers

M. E. Fermann, �??Ultrafast Fiber Oscillators,�?? in Ultrafast Lasers, M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas and G. Sucha, ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York Basel, 2003) pp. 89�??154

Other

OFS, �??Cladding pumped Fiber Laser cavity with integrated Raman Resonator,�?? <a href= "http://www.ofsoptics.com,">http://www.ofsoptics.com,</a> (2003).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the Erbium fiber oscillator.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Output spectra

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Autocorrelation traces of the wave breaking-free pulse at the maximum pulse energy.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Radio frequency spectrum of the NPE port.

Metrics