Abstract

We report on the generation of wave breaking-free pulses from a passively mode-locked all-fiber Erbium oscillator at 1.55 μm pumped by a Raman fiber assembly operating at 1.48 μm. The extracted pulses show a self-similar behaviour and can be scaled up to an average power of 675 mW only limited by the pump power. The laser operates at the fundamental repetition rate of 108 MHz, therefore the pulse energy is 6.2 nJ. After external compression, the dechirped pulse duration is 64 fs.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, “77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 181080–1083 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. W. J. Thomlinson, R. H. Stolen, and A. M. Johnson, “Optical wave breaking of pulses in nonlinear optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 10457–459 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. E. Fermann, “Ultrafast Fiber Oscillators,” in Ultrafast Lasers,M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, and G. Sucha, ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York Basel, 2003) pp. 89–154
  4. F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wiese, “Self-Similar Evolution of Parabolic Pulses in a Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92231902 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. E. Nelson, S. B. Fleischer, G. Lenz, and E. P. Ippen, “Efficient frequency doubling of a femtosecond fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 211759–1761 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. D. Anderson, M. Desaix, M. Karlsson, M. Lisak, and M. L. Quiroga-Teixeiro, “Wave-breaking-free pulses in nonlinear-optical fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 101185–1191 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-Similar Propagation and Amplification of Parabolic Pulses in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 846010–6013 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, H. Lim, F. W. Wiese, and W. G. Clark, “Generation of 50-fs, 5-nJ pulses at 1.03 μm from a wave-breaking-free fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 281365–1367 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, M. L. Stock, K. K. Wong, D. Harter, and L. Goldberg, “Ultrawide tunable soliton fiber laser amplified in Yb-doped fiber,” Opt. Lett. 241428–1430 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. Tamura and M. Nakazawa, “Pulse Compression by nonlinear pulse evolution with reduced optical wavebreak-ing in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 2168–70 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  11. T. Hirooka and M. Nakazawa, “Parabolic pulse generation by use of a dispersion decreasing fiber with normal group-velocity dispersion,” Opt. Lett. 29498–500 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. K. Tamura, J. Jacobson, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Unidirectional ring resonators for self-starting passively mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Lett. 18, 220–223 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. K. Tamura, Doerr C.R., L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Technique for obtaining high-energy ultrashort pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 19, 46–49 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. Cladding pumped Fiber Laser cavity with integrated Raman Resonator,” http://www.ofsoptics.com, (2003)
  15. C. Billet, J. M. Dudley, N. Joly, and J. C. Knight, “Intermediate asymptotic evolution and photonic bandgap fiber compression of optical similaritons around 1550 nm,” Opt. Express 13, 3236–3241 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

T. Hirooka and M. Nakazawa, “Parabolic pulse generation by use of a dispersion decreasing fiber with normal group-velocity dispersion,” Opt. Lett. 29498–500 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wiese, “Self-Similar Evolution of Parabolic Pulses in a Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92231902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2000 (1)

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-Similar Propagation and Amplification of Parabolic Pulses in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 846010–6013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

1996 (2)

L. E. Nelson, S. B. Fleischer, G. Lenz, and E. P. Ippen, “Efficient frequency doubling of a femtosecond fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 211759–1761 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tamura and M. Nakazawa, “Pulse Compression by nonlinear pulse evolution with reduced optical wavebreak-ing in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 2168–70 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1993 (3)

1985 (1)

Anderson, D.

Billet, C.

Buckley, J. R.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wiese, “Self-Similar Evolution of Parabolic Pulses in a Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92231902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, H. Lim, F. W. Wiese, and W. G. Clark, “Generation of 50-fs, 5-nJ pulses at 1.03 μm from a wave-breaking-free fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 281365–1367 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.R., Doerr

Clark, W. G.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wiese, “Self-Similar Evolution of Parabolic Pulses in a Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92231902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, H. Lim, F. W. Wiese, and W. G. Clark, “Generation of 50-fs, 5-nJ pulses at 1.03 μm from a wave-breaking-free fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 281365–1367 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Desaix, M.

Dudley, J. M.

C. Billet, J. M. Dudley, N. Joly, and J. C. Knight, “Intermediate asymptotic evolution and photonic bandgap fiber compression of optical similaritons around 1550 nm,” Opt. Express 13, 3236–3241 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-Similar Propagation and Amplification of Parabolic Pulses in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 846010–6013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fermann, M. E.

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-Similar Propagation and Amplification of Parabolic Pulses in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 846010–6013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, M. L. Stock, K. K. Wong, D. Harter, and L. Goldberg, “Ultrawide tunable soliton fiber laser amplified in Yb-doped fiber,” Opt. Lett. 241428–1430 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Fermann, “Ultrafast Fiber Oscillators,” in Ultrafast Lasers,M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, and G. Sucha, ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York Basel, 2003) pp. 89–154

Fleischer, S. B.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Galvanauskas, A.

Goldberg, L.

Harter, D.

Harvey, J. D.

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-Similar Propagation and Amplification of Parabolic Pulses in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 846010–6013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haus, H. A.

Hirooka, T.

Ilday, F. Ö.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wiese, “Self-Similar Evolution of Parabolic Pulses in a Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92231902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, H. Lim, F. W. Wiese, and W. G. Clark, “Generation of 50-fs, 5-nJ pulses at 1.03 μm from a wave-breaking-free fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 281365–1367 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ippen, E. P.

Jacobson, J.

Johnson, A. M.

Joly, N.

Karlsson, M.

Knight, J. C.

Kruglov, V. I.

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-Similar Propagation and Amplification of Parabolic Pulses in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 846010–6013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lenz, G.

Lim, H.

Lisak, M.

Nakazawa, M.

T. Hirooka and M. Nakazawa, “Parabolic pulse generation by use of a dispersion decreasing fiber with normal group-velocity dispersion,” Opt. Lett. 29498–500 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tamura and M. Nakazawa, “Pulse Compression by nonlinear pulse evolution with reduced optical wavebreak-ing in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 2168–70 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, L. E.

Quiroga-Teixeiro, M. L.

Stock, M. L.

Stolen, R. H.

Tamura, K.

Thomlinson, W. J.

Thomsen, B. C.

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-Similar Propagation and Amplification of Parabolic Pulses in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 846010–6013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wiese, F. W.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wiese, “Self-Similar Evolution of Parabolic Pulses in a Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92231902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, H. Lim, F. W. Wiese, and W. G. Clark, “Generation of 50-fs, 5-nJ pulses at 1.03 μm from a wave-breaking-free fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 281365–1367 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wong, K. K.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (8)

W. J. Thomlinson, R. H. Stolen, and A. M. Johnson, “Optical wave breaking of pulses in nonlinear optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 10457–459 (1985).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, J. Jacobson, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Unidirectional ring resonators for self-starting passively mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Lett. 18, 220–223 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, “77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 181080–1083 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tamura, Doerr C.R., L. E. Nelson, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Technique for obtaining high-energy ultrashort pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 19, 46–49 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, M. L. Stock, K. K. Wong, D. Harter, and L. Goldberg, “Ultrawide tunable soliton fiber laser amplified in Yb-doped fiber,” Opt. Lett. 241428–1430 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Nelson, S. B. Fleischer, G. Lenz, and E. P. Ippen, “Efficient frequency doubling of a femtosecond fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 211759–1761 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, H. Lim, F. W. Wiese, and W. G. Clark, “Generation of 50-fs, 5-nJ pulses at 1.03 μm from a wave-breaking-free fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 281365–1367 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Hirooka and M. Nakazawa, “Parabolic pulse generation by use of a dispersion decreasing fiber with normal group-velocity dispersion,” Opt. Lett. 29498–500 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. 21 (1)

K. Tamura and M. Nakazawa, “Pulse Compression by nonlinear pulse evolution with reduced optical wavebreak-ing in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 2168–70 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wiese, “Self-Similar Evolution of Parabolic Pulses in a Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92231902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-Similar Propagation and Amplification of Parabolic Pulses in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 846010–6013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

Cladding pumped Fiber Laser cavity with integrated Raman Resonator,” http://www.ofsoptics.com, (2003)

M. E. Fermann, “Ultrafast Fiber Oscillators,” in Ultrafast Lasers,M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, and G. Sucha, ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York Basel, 2003) pp. 89–154

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the Erbium fiber oscillator.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Output spectra

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Autocorrelation traces of the wave breaking-free pulse at the maximum pulse energy.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Radio frequency spectrum of the NPE port.

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