Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate the generation of cross-polarized photon pairs via four-wave mixing with cross-polarized frequency-conjugate laser pump pulses. This method can be used for various quantum information applications such as the preparation of Bell-states.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. Kurtsiefer, P. Aarda, M. Halder, H. Weinfurter, P. M. Gorman, and P. R. Tapster, “Quantum cryptography: A step towards global key distribution,” Nature 419, 450 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-distance free-Space distribution of quantum entanglement,” Science 301, 621 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, M. Legre, and N. Gisin, “Distribution of time-bin entangled qubits over 50 km of optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 180502 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, “Observation of simultaneity in parametric production of optical photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Friberg, C. K. Hong, and L. Mandel, “Measurement of time delays in the parametric production of photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 2011 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. Friberg and L. Mandel, “Production of squeezed states by combination of parametric down-conversion and harmonic generation,” Opt. Commun. 48, 439 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, “Ultrabright source of polarization-entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, “High-efficiency entangled photon pair collection in type-II parametric fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001)
    [CrossRef]
  9. E. Brannen, F. R. Hunt, R. H. Adlington, and R. W. Hicholls, “Application of nuclear coincidence methods to atomic transitions in the wavelength range 2000–6000A,” Nature 175, 810 (1955).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H.J. Kimble, “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,” Nature 423, 731 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vu, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S. Tanzilli, F. D. Riedmatten, W. Tittle, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. D. Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, “Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. J. Mason, M. A. Albota, F. Konig, and F. N. C. Wong, “Efficient generation of tunable photon pairs at 0.8 and 1.6 μm,” Opt. Lett. 27, 2115 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  14. F. Konig, E. J. Mason, F. N. C. Wong, and M. A. Albota, “Efficient spectrally bright source of polarization-entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 033805 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  15. T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. 22, 961 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, “All-fiber photon-pair source for quantum communication,” IEEE Photonics Tech. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. Dogariu, J. Fan, and L.J. Wang, “Correlated photon generation for quantum cryptography,” NEC R&D Journal 44, 294 (2003).
  18. J. E. Sharping, J. Chen, X. Li, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, “Quantum-correlated twin photons from microstructure fiber,” Opt. Express 12, 3086–3094 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-14-3086
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. J. G. Rarity, J. Fulconis, J. Duligall, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, “Photonic crystal fiber source of correlated photon pairs,” Opt. Express 13, 534–544 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-2-534
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. J. Fan, A. Dogariu, and L. J. Wang, “Generation of correlated photon pairs in a microstructure fiber,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1530 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic Press, 1995).
  22. H. Takesue and K. Inoue, “Generation of polarization-entangled photon pairs and violation of Bell’s inequality using spontaneous four-wave mixing in a fiber loop,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 031802(R) (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  23. X. Li, P. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, “Optical-fiber source of polarization-entangled photon pairs in the 1550 nm telecom band,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. T. E. Kiess, Y. H. Shih, A. V. Sergienko, and C. O. Alley, “Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm experiment using pairs of light quanta produced by type-II parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. lett. 71, 3893 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. L. J. Wang, C. K. Hong, and S. R. Friberg, “Generation of correlated photons via four-wave mixing in optial fibers,” J. Opt. B: Quantum and Semiclass. Opt. 3, 346 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  26. P. L. Voss and P. Kumar, “Raman-effect induced noise limits on χ(3) parametric amplifiers and wavelength converters,” J. Opt. B: Quantum and Semiclass. Opt. 6, 762 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (4)

F. Konig, E. J. Mason, F. N. C. Wong, and M. A. Albota, “Efficient spectrally bright source of polarization-entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 033805 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Rarity, J. Fulconis, J. Duligall, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, “Photonic crystal fiber source of correlated photon pairs,” Opt. Express 13, 534–544 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-2-534
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Fan, A. Dogariu, and L. J. Wang, “Generation of correlated photon pairs in a microstructure fiber,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1530 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Li, P. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, “Optical-fiber source of polarization-entangled photon pairs in the 1550 nm telecom band,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (4)

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, “Generation of polarization-entangled photon pairs and violation of Bell’s inequality using spontaneous four-wave mixing in a fiber loop,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 031802(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Sharping, J. Chen, X. Li, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, “Quantum-correlated twin photons from microstructure fiber,” Opt. Express 12, 3086–3094 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-14-3086
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. L. Voss and P. Kumar, “Raman-effect induced noise limits on χ(3) parametric amplifiers and wavelength converters,” J. Opt. B: Quantum and Semiclass. Opt. 6, 762 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, M. Legre, and N. Gisin, “Distribution of time-bin entangled qubits over 50 km of optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 180502 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (3)

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-distance free-Space distribution of quantum entanglement,” Science 301, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Dogariu, J. Fan, and L.J. Wang, “Correlated photon generation for quantum cryptography,” NEC R&D Journal 44, 294 (2003).

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H.J. Kimble, “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,” Nature 423, 731 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (4)

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vu, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. Mason, M. A. Albota, F. Konig, and F. N. C. Wong, “Efficient generation of tunable photon pairs at 0.8 and 1.6 μm,” Opt. Lett. 27, 2115 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, “All-fiber photon-pair source for quantum communication,” IEEE Photonics Tech. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Kurtsiefer, P. Aarda, M. Halder, H. Weinfurter, P. M. Gorman, and P. R. Tapster, “Quantum cryptography: A step towards global key distribution,” Nature 419, 450 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (3)

C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, “High-efficiency entangled photon pair collection in type-II parametric fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001)
[CrossRef]

S. Tanzilli, F. D. Riedmatten, W. Tittle, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. D. Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, “Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Wang, C. K. Hong, and S. R. Friberg, “Generation of correlated photons via four-wave mixing in optial fibers,” J. Opt. B: Quantum and Semiclass. Opt. 3, 346 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, “Ultrabright source of polarization-entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1993 (1)

T. E. Kiess, Y. H. Shih, A. V. Sergienko, and C. O. Alley, “Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm experiment using pairs of light quanta produced by type-II parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. lett. 71, 3893 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985 (1)

S. Friberg, C. K. Hong, and L. Mandel, “Measurement of time delays in the parametric production of photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 2011 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1984 (1)

S. Friberg and L. Mandel, “Production of squeezed states by combination of parametric down-conversion and harmonic generation,” Opt. Commun. 48, 439 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, “Observation of simultaneity in parametric production of optical photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1955 (1)

E. Brannen, F. R. Hunt, R. H. Adlington, and R. W. Hicholls, “Application of nuclear coincidence methods to atomic transitions in the wavelength range 2000–6000A,” Nature 175, 810 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Aarda, P.

C. Kurtsiefer, P. Aarda, M. Halder, H. Weinfurter, P. M. Gorman, and P. R. Tapster, “Quantum cryptography: A step towards global key distribution,” Nature 419, 450 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adlington, R. H.

E. Brannen, F. R. Hunt, R. H. Adlington, and R. W. Hicholls, “Application of nuclear coincidence methods to atomic transitions in the wavelength range 2000–6000A,” Nature 175, 810 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic Press, 1995).

Albota, M. A.

F. Konig, E. J. Mason, F. N. C. Wong, and M. A. Albota, “Efficient spectrally bright source of polarization-entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 033805 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Mason, M. A. Albota, F. Konig, and F. N. C. Wong, “Efficient generation of tunable photon pairs at 0.8 and 1.6 μm,” Opt. Lett. 27, 2115 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Alley, C. O.

T. E. Kiess, Y. H. Shih, A. V. Sergienko, and C. O. Alley, “Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm experiment using pairs of light quanta produced by type-II parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. lett. 71, 3893 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appelbaum, I.

P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, “Ultrabright source of polarization-entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Aspelmeyer, M.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-distance free-Space distribution of quantum entanglement,” Science 301, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baldi, P.

S. Tanzilli, F. D. Riedmatten, W. Tittle, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. D. Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, “Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T. A.

Boca, A.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H.J. Kimble, “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,” Nature 423, 731 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Böhm, H. R.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-distance free-Space distribution of quantum entanglement,” Science 301, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boozer, A. D.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H.J. Kimble, “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,” Nature 423, 731 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bowen, W. P.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H.J. Kimble, “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,” Nature 423, 731 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brannen, E.

E. Brannen, F. R. Hunt, R. H. Adlington, and R. W. Hicholls, “Application of nuclear coincidence methods to atomic transitions in the wavelength range 2000–6000A,” Nature 175, 810 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Burnham, D. C.

D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, “Observation of simultaneity in parametric production of optical photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

Chou, C. W.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H.J. Kimble, “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,” Nature 423, 731 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Riedmatten, H.

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, M. Legre, and N. Gisin, “Distribution of time-bin entangled qubits over 50 km of optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 180502 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dogariu, A.

J. Fan, A. Dogariu, and L. J. Wang, “Generation of correlated photon pairs in a microstructure fiber,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1530 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Dogariu, J. Fan, and L.J. Wang, “Correlated photon generation for quantum cryptography,” NEC R&D Journal 44, 294 (2003).

Duan, L.-M.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H.J. Kimble, “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,” Nature 423, 731 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duligall, J.

Eberhard, P. H.

P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, “Ultrabright source of polarization-entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fan, J.

J. Fan, A. Dogariu, and L. J. Wang, “Generation of correlated photon pairs in a microstructure fiber,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1530 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Dogariu, J. Fan, and L.J. Wang, “Correlated photon generation for quantum cryptography,” NEC R&D Journal 44, 294 (2003).

Fattal, D.

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vu, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fiorentino, M.

M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, “All-fiber photon-pair source for quantum communication,” IEEE Photonics Tech. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Friberg, S.

S. Friberg, C. K. Hong, and L. Mandel, “Measurement of time delays in the parametric production of photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 2011 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Friberg and L. Mandel, “Production of squeezed states by combination of parametric down-conversion and harmonic generation,” Opt. Commun. 48, 439 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Friberg, S. R.

L. J. Wang, C. K. Hong, and S. R. Friberg, “Generation of correlated photons via four-wave mixing in optial fibers,” J. Opt. B: Quantum and Semiclass. Opt. 3, 346 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fulconis, J.

Gisin, N.

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, M. Legre, and N. Gisin, “Distribution of time-bin entangled qubits over 50 km of optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 180502 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tanzilli, F. D. Riedmatten, W. Tittle, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. D. Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, “Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gorman, P. M.

C. Kurtsiefer, P. Aarda, M. Halder, H. Weinfurter, P. M. Gorman, and P. R. Tapster, “Quantum cryptography: A step towards global key distribution,” Nature 419, 450 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gyatso, T.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-distance free-Space distribution of quantum entanglement,” Science 301, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Halder, M.

C. Kurtsiefer, P. Aarda, M. Halder, H. Weinfurter, P. M. Gorman, and P. R. Tapster, “Quantum cryptography: A step towards global key distribution,” Nature 419, 450 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hicholls, R. W.

E. Brannen, F. R. Hunt, R. H. Adlington, and R. W. Hicholls, “Application of nuclear coincidence methods to atomic transitions in the wavelength range 2000–6000A,” Nature 175, 810 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Hong, C. K.

L. J. Wang, C. K. Hong, and S. R. Friberg, “Generation of correlated photons via four-wave mixing in optial fibers,” J. Opt. B: Quantum and Semiclass. Opt. 3, 346 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Friberg, C. K. Hong, and L. Mandel, “Measurement of time delays in the parametric production of photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 2011 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hunt, F. R.

E. Brannen, F. R. Hunt, R. H. Adlington, and R. W. Hicholls, “Application of nuclear coincidence methods to atomic transitions in the wavelength range 2000–6000A,” Nature 175, 810 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, K.

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, “Generation of polarization-entangled photon pairs and violation of Bell’s inequality using spontaneous four-wave mixing in a fiber loop,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 031802(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jennewein, T.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-distance free-Space distribution of quantum entanglement,” Science 301, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaltenbaek, R.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-distance free-Space distribution of quantum entanglement,” Science 301, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kiess, T. E.

T. E. Kiess, Y. H. Shih, A. V. Sergienko, and C. O. Alley, “Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm experiment using pairs of light quanta produced by type-II parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. lett. 71, 3893 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kimble, H.J.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H.J. Kimble, “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,” Nature 423, 731 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knight, J. C.

Konig, F.

F. Konig, E. J. Mason, F. N. C. Wong, and M. A. Albota, “Efficient spectrally bright source of polarization-entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 033805 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Mason, M. A. Albota, F. Konig, and F. N. C. Wong, “Efficient generation of tunable photon pairs at 0.8 and 1.6 μm,” Opt. Lett. 27, 2115 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, P.

X. Li, P. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, “Optical-fiber source of polarization-entangled photon pairs in the 1550 nm telecom band,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. L. Voss and P. Kumar, “Raman-effect induced noise limits on χ(3) parametric amplifiers and wavelength converters,” J. Opt. B: Quantum and Semiclass. Opt. 6, 762 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Sharping, J. Chen, X. Li, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, “Quantum-correlated twin photons from microstructure fiber,” Opt. Express 12, 3086–3094 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-14-3086
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, “All-fiber photon-pair source for quantum communication,” IEEE Photonics Tech. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kurtsiefer, C.

C. Kurtsiefer, P. Aarda, M. Halder, H. Weinfurter, P. M. Gorman, and P. R. Tapster, “Quantum cryptography: A step towards global key distribution,” Nature 419, 450 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, “High-efficiency entangled photon pair collection in type-II parametric fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001)
[CrossRef]

Kuzmich, A.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H.J. Kimble, “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,” Nature 423, 731 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kwiat, P. G.

P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, “Ultrabright source of polarization-entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Legre, M.

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, M. Legre, and N. Gisin, “Distribution of time-bin entangled qubits over 50 km of optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 180502 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, X.

X. Li, P. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, “Optical-fiber source of polarization-entangled photon pairs in the 1550 nm telecom band,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. E. Sharping, J. Chen, X. Li, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, “Quantum-correlated twin photons from microstructure fiber,” Opt. Express 12, 3086–3094 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-14-3086
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lindenthal, M.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-distance free-Space distribution of quantum entanglement,” Science 301, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mandel, L.

S. Friberg, C. K. Hong, and L. Mandel, “Measurement of time delays in the parametric production of photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 2011 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Friberg and L. Mandel, “Production of squeezed states by combination of parametric down-conversion and harmonic generation,” Opt. Commun. 48, 439 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Marcikic, I.

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, M. Legre, and N. Gisin, “Distribution of time-bin entangled qubits over 50 km of optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 180502 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mason, E. J.

F. Konig, E. J. Mason, F. N. C. Wong, and M. A. Albota, “Efficient spectrally bright source of polarization-entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 033805 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mason, S. J.

Micheli, M. D.

S. Tanzilli, F. D. Riedmatten, W. Tittle, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. D. Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, “Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Molina Terriza, G.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-distance free-Space distribution of quantum entanglement,” Science 301, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oberparleiter, M.

C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, “High-efficiency entangled photon pair collection in type-II parametric fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001)
[CrossRef]

Ostrowsky, D. B.

S. Tanzilli, F. D. Riedmatten, W. Tittle, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. D. Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, “Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Poppe, A.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-distance free-Space distribution of quantum entanglement,” Science 301, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rarity, J. G.

Resch, K.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-distance free-Space distribution of quantum entanglement,” Science 301, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Riedmatten, F. D.

S. Tanzilli, F. D. Riedmatten, W. Tittle, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. D. Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, “Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. S. J.

Russell, P. St. J.

Santori, C.

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vu, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sergienko, A. V.

T. E. Kiess, Y. H. Shih, A. V. Sergienko, and C. O. Alley, “Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm experiment using pairs of light quanta produced by type-II parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. lett. 71, 3893 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sharping, J. E.

X. Li, P. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, “Optical-fiber source of polarization-entangled photon pairs in the 1550 nm telecom band,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. E. Sharping, J. Chen, X. Li, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, “Quantum-correlated twin photons from microstructure fiber,” Opt. Express 12, 3086–3094 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-14-3086
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, “All-fiber photon-pair source for quantum communication,” IEEE Photonics Tech. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shih, Y. H.

T. E. Kiess, Y. H. Shih, A. V. Sergienko, and C. O. Alley, “Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm experiment using pairs of light quanta produced by type-II parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. lett. 71, 3893 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Solomon, G. S.

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vu, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takesue, H.

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, “Generation of polarization-entangled photon pairs and violation of Bell’s inequality using spontaneous four-wave mixing in a fiber loop,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 031802(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tanzilli, S.

S. Tanzilli, F. D. Riedmatten, W. Tittle, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. D. Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, “Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tapster, P. R.

C. Kurtsiefer, P. Aarda, M. Halder, H. Weinfurter, P. M. Gorman, and P. R. Tapster, “Quantum cryptography: A step towards global key distribution,” Nature 419, 450 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taraba, M.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-distance free-Space distribution of quantum entanglement,” Science 301, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tittel, W.

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, M. Legre, and N. Gisin, “Distribution of time-bin entangled qubits over 50 km of optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 180502 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tittle, W.

S. Tanzilli, F. D. Riedmatten, W. Tittle, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. D. Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, “Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ursin, R.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-distance free-Space distribution of quantum entanglement,” Science 301, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Voss, P.

X. Li, P. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, “Optical-fiber source of polarization-entangled photon pairs in the 1550 nm telecom band,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Voss, P. L.

P. L. Voss and P. Kumar, “Raman-effect induced noise limits on χ(3) parametric amplifiers and wavelength converters,” J. Opt. B: Quantum and Semiclass. Opt. 6, 762 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, “All-fiber photon-pair source for quantum communication,” IEEE Photonics Tech. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vu, J.

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vu, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wadsworth, W. J.

Waks, E.

P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, “Ultrabright source of polarization-entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Walther, P.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-distance free-Space distribution of quantum entanglement,” Science 301, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, L. J.

J. Fan, A. Dogariu, and L. J. Wang, “Generation of correlated photon pairs in a microstructure fiber,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1530 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. J. Wang, C. K. Hong, and S. R. Friberg, “Generation of correlated photons via four-wave mixing in optial fibers,” J. Opt. B: Quantum and Semiclass. Opt. 3, 346 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.J.

A. Dogariu, J. Fan, and L.J. Wang, “Correlated photon generation for quantum cryptography,” NEC R&D Journal 44, 294 (2003).

Weinberg, D. L.

D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, “Observation of simultaneity in parametric production of optical photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Weinfurter, H.

C. Kurtsiefer, P. Aarda, M. Halder, H. Weinfurter, P. M. Gorman, and P. R. Tapster, “Quantum cryptography: A step towards global key distribution,” Nature 419, 450 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, “High-efficiency entangled photon pair collection in type-II parametric fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001)
[CrossRef]

White, A. G.

P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, “Ultrabright source of polarization-entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

Wong, F. N. C.

F. Konig, E. J. Mason, F. N. C. Wong, and M. A. Albota, “Efficient spectrally bright source of polarization-entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 033805 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Mason, M. A. Albota, F. Konig, and F. N. C. Wong, “Efficient generation of tunable photon pairs at 0.8 and 1.6 μm,” Opt. Lett. 27, 2115 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, Y.

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vu, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zbinden, H.

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, M. Legre, and N. Gisin, “Distribution of time-bin entangled qubits over 50 km of optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 180502 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tanzilli, F. D. Riedmatten, W. Tittle, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. D. Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, “Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zeilinger, A.

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-distance free-Space distribution of quantum entanglement,” Science 301, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Electron. Lett. (1)

S. Tanzilli, F. D. Riedmatten, W. Tittle, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. D. Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, “Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 37, 26 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Tech. Lett. (1)

M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, “All-fiber photon-pair source for quantum communication,” IEEE Photonics Tech. Lett. 14, 983 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. B: Quantum and Semiclass. Opt. (2)

L. J. Wang, C. K. Hong, and S. R. Friberg, “Generation of correlated photons via four-wave mixing in optial fibers,” J. Opt. B: Quantum and Semiclass. Opt. 3, 346 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. L. Voss and P. Kumar, “Raman-effect induced noise limits on χ(3) parametric amplifiers and wavelength converters,” J. Opt. B: Quantum and Semiclass. Opt. 6, 762 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nature (4)

C. Kurtsiefer, P. Aarda, M. Halder, H. Weinfurter, P. M. Gorman, and P. R. Tapster, “Quantum cryptography: A step towards global key distribution,” Nature 419, 450 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Brannen, F. R. Hunt, R. H. Adlington, and R. W. Hicholls, “Application of nuclear coincidence methods to atomic transitions in the wavelength range 2000–6000A,” Nature 175, 810 (1955).
[CrossRef]

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H.J. Kimble, “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,” Nature 423, 731 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vu, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

NEC R&D Journal (1)

A. Dogariu, J. Fan, and L.J. Wang, “Correlated photon generation for quantum cryptography,” NEC R&D Journal 44, 294 (2003).

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. Friberg and L. Mandel, “Production of squeezed states by combination of parametric down-conversion and harmonic generation,” Opt. Commun. 48, 439 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (4)

F. Konig, E. J. Mason, F. N. C. Wong, and M. A. Albota, “Efficient spectrally bright source of polarization-entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 033805 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, “Generation of polarization-entangled photon pairs and violation of Bell’s inequality using spontaneous four-wave mixing in a fiber loop,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 031802(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kwiat, E. Waks, A. G. White, I. Appelbaum, and P. H. Eberhard, “Ultrabright source of polarization-entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. A 60, R773 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, “High-efficiency entangled photon pair collection in type-II parametric fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 023802 (2001)
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, M. Legre, and N. Gisin, “Distribution of time-bin entangled qubits over 50 km of optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 180502 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, “Observation of simultaneity in parametric production of optical photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84 (1970).
[CrossRef]

S. Friberg, C. K. Hong, and L. Mandel, “Measurement of time delays in the parametric production of photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 2011 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Li, P. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, “Optical-fiber source of polarization-entangled photon pairs in the 1550 nm telecom band,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. E. Kiess, Y. H. Shih, A. V. Sergienko, and C. O. Alley, “Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm experiment using pairs of light quanta produced by type-II parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. lett. 71, 3893 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

M. Aspelmeyer, H. R. Böhm, T. Gyatso, T. Jennewein, R. Kaltenbaek, M. Lindenthal, G. Molina Terriza, A. Poppe, K. Resch, M. Taraba, R. Ursin, P. Walther, and A. Zeilinger, “Long-distance free-Space distribution of quantum entanglement,” Science 301, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic Press, 1995).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic experimental setup to test Bell’s inequality. FC: fiber coupler, MF: microstructure fiber (first one used for generation of cross-polarized photon pairs, second one for phase compensation), BS: non-polarizing beam splitter, FU: fiber union, IF: interference filter at middle frequency, D1 and D2: photon detectors.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic experimental setup. PBS: polarizing beam splitter, SMF: single mode fiber, λ/2: half-wave plate. MF1 and MF2 are microstructure fibers.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Three cases of two different schemes to generate correlated photons in MF2, with electric field components labeled. Stokes: dashed line, anti-Stokes: solid line. (b) C/A versus the relative delay. The filled and open dots are data sets from two separate measurements (2 minutes averaging time). The average power for the Stokes and anti-Stokes pulses is ~ 100 μW for the filled dots and ~ 50 μW for the open dots. (c) Normalized spectra for the conjugate laser pulses in Fig. 2(b). (d) Phase-matching measurement at the relative delay time -5 ps. The Stokes pump pulse is fixed at the wavelength of 836.3 nm, with its spectrum shown in Fig. 2(c). The anti-Stokes pump is tuned with respect to a central wavelength of 832.7 nm (corresponding to 0 in the wavelength mismatch). Pump condition: Stokes, ~ 100 μW, anti-Stokes, ~ 25 μW. The dots are experimental measurement (10 minutes averaging time). The line is a Gaussian fit.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E s ( t , z ) = E s x ( t , z ) x + E s y ( t , z ) y ,
E as ( t , z ) = E a s x ( t , z ) x + E a s y ( t , z ) y .

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