Abstract

We demonstrate up to 1.6 Watts of single frequency output from a tapered diode laser operating at 785 nm. The tapered diode laser is used in a rear end external cavity set-up where the external feedback element is a combination of a BaTiO3 phase-conjugating crystal and a high reflection mirror. The set-up presented inherently suppresses the self-wavelength scanning effect, which is well known when employing a phase-conjugating crystal as a dynamic wavelength selection component in a laser cavity. The experimental results have been discussed theoretically in some details by employing a two-beam coupling model.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. MacCormack and J. Feinberg, “High-brightness output from a laser-diode array coupled to a phase-conjugating,” Opt. Lett. 18, 211–213 (1993)
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. S. J. Jensen, M. Løbel, and Paul M. Petersen, “Stability of the sibgle-mode output of a laser diode array with phase conjugate feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett.,  76, 535–537 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  3. S. Weiss, M. Segev, and B. Fisher, “Line narrowing and self frequency scanning of laser diode arrays coupled to a photorefractive oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 706–708 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  4. G.W. Ross, P. Hribrik, R.W. Eason, M.H. Garrett, and D. Rytz, “Impurity enhanged self-pumped phase conjugation in the near infrared in “blue” BaTiO3,” Opt. Comm. 101, 60–64 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  5. Y. Zhu, D. Zhang, X. Niu, and X. Wu, “High efficiency self-pumped phase conjugation from 45°-cut Ce:BaTiO3,” Opt. Commun. 134, 205–210 (1997)
    [Crossref]
  6. N. Hout, J.M.C. Jonathan, G. Roosen, and D. Rytz, “Characterization and optimization of a ring self-pumped phase-conjugate mirror at 1.06µm with BaTiO3:Rh,” J. Opt. Am. B, 15 (1998).
  7. M. Løbel, P.M. Petersen, and P.M. Johansen, “Suppressing self-induced frequency scanning of a phase conjugate diode laser array with using counterbalance dispersion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1263–1265 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  8. J.M. Ramsey and W.B. Whitten, “Controlled scanning of a continuous-wave dye laser with an intracavity photorefractive element,” Opt. Lett. 12, 915–917 (1987).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. L. Meilhac, N. Dubreuil, G. Pauliat, and G. Roosen, “Modeling of laser mode self-adapted filtering by photorefractive Fabry-Perot interferometers,” Opt. Mat. 18, 37–40 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  10. A. Shiratori and M. Obara, “Wavelength-stable, narrow-spectral-width oscillation of an AlGaInP diode laser coupled to a BaTiO3:Co stimulated photorefractive backscattering phase conjugator,” Appl. Phys. B,  15, 329–333 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  11. N. Hout, J.M. Jonathan, G. Pauliat, P. Georges, and G. Roosen, “Laser mode minipulation by intracavity dynamic holography: Application to mode selection,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 155–157(1999).
    [Crossref]
  12. A. Godard, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, P. Graindorge, and P. Martin, “Relaxation of the aligment tolerance of a 1.55µm extended-cavity semiconductor laser by use of an intracavity photorefractive filter,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1955–1957 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  13. A. Godard, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, P. Graindorge, and P. Martin, “Single-mode gain in grating-tuned extended-cavity semiconductor lasers: Investigation of stable single-mode opration conditions,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.38, NO. 4, (2002).
  14. Pochi Yeh, Introduction to Photorefractive Nonlinear Optics, (John Wiley & Sons Inc., 1993)

2001 (2)

L. Meilhac, N. Dubreuil, G. Pauliat, and G. Roosen, “Modeling of laser mode self-adapted filtering by photorefractive Fabry-Perot interferometers,” Opt. Mat. 18, 37–40 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Godard, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, P. Graindorge, and P. Martin, “Relaxation of the aligment tolerance of a 1.55µm extended-cavity semiconductor laser by use of an intracavity photorefractive filter,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1955–1957 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

S. J. Jensen, M. Løbel, and Paul M. Petersen, “Stability of the sibgle-mode output of a laser diode array with phase conjugate feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett.,  76, 535–537 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

N. Hout, J.M. Jonathan, G. Pauliat, P. Georges, and G. Roosen, “Laser mode minipulation by intracavity dynamic holography: Application to mode selection,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 155–157(1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

M. Løbel, P.M. Petersen, and P.M. Johansen, “Suppressing self-induced frequency scanning of a phase conjugate diode laser array with using counterbalance dispersion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1263–1265 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

A. Shiratori and M. Obara, “Wavelength-stable, narrow-spectral-width oscillation of an AlGaInP diode laser coupled to a BaTiO3:Co stimulated photorefractive backscattering phase conjugator,” Appl. Phys. B,  15, 329–333 (1997).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhu, D. Zhang, X. Niu, and X. Wu, “High efficiency self-pumped phase conjugation from 45°-cut Ce:BaTiO3,” Opt. Commun. 134, 205–210 (1997)
[Crossref]

1993 (2)

S. MacCormack and J. Feinberg, “High-brightness output from a laser-diode array coupled to a phase-conjugating,” Opt. Lett. 18, 211–213 (1993)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G.W. Ross, P. Hribrik, R.W. Eason, M.H. Garrett, and D. Rytz, “Impurity enhanged self-pumped phase conjugation in the near infrared in “blue” BaTiO3,” Opt. Comm. 101, 60–64 (1993).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

S. Weiss, M. Segev, and B. Fisher, “Line narrowing and self frequency scanning of laser diode arrays coupled to a photorefractive oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 706–708 (1988).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

Dubreuil, N.

L. Meilhac, N. Dubreuil, G. Pauliat, and G. Roosen, “Modeling of laser mode self-adapted filtering by photorefractive Fabry-Perot interferometers,” Opt. Mat. 18, 37–40 (2001).
[Crossref]

Eason, R.W.

G.W. Ross, P. Hribrik, R.W. Eason, M.H. Garrett, and D. Rytz, “Impurity enhanged self-pumped phase conjugation in the near infrared in “blue” BaTiO3,” Opt. Comm. 101, 60–64 (1993).
[Crossref]

Feinberg, J.

Fisher, B.

S. Weiss, M. Segev, and B. Fisher, “Line narrowing and self frequency scanning of laser diode arrays coupled to a photorefractive oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 706–708 (1988).
[Crossref]

Garrett, M.H.

G.W. Ross, P. Hribrik, R.W. Eason, M.H. Garrett, and D. Rytz, “Impurity enhanged self-pumped phase conjugation in the near infrared in “blue” BaTiO3,” Opt. Comm. 101, 60–64 (1993).
[Crossref]

Georges, P.

N. Hout, J.M. Jonathan, G. Pauliat, P. Georges, and G. Roosen, “Laser mode minipulation by intracavity dynamic holography: Application to mode selection,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 155–157(1999).
[Crossref]

Godard, A.

A. Godard, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, P. Graindorge, and P. Martin, “Relaxation of the aligment tolerance of a 1.55µm extended-cavity semiconductor laser by use of an intracavity photorefractive filter,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1955–1957 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Godard, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, P. Graindorge, and P. Martin, “Single-mode gain in grating-tuned extended-cavity semiconductor lasers: Investigation of stable single-mode opration conditions,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.38, NO. 4, (2002).

Graindorge, P.

A. Godard, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, P. Graindorge, and P. Martin, “Relaxation of the aligment tolerance of a 1.55µm extended-cavity semiconductor laser by use of an intracavity photorefractive filter,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1955–1957 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Godard, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, P. Graindorge, and P. Martin, “Single-mode gain in grating-tuned extended-cavity semiconductor lasers: Investigation of stable single-mode opration conditions,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.38, NO. 4, (2002).

Hout, N.

N. Hout, J.M. Jonathan, G. Pauliat, P. Georges, and G. Roosen, “Laser mode minipulation by intracavity dynamic holography: Application to mode selection,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 155–157(1999).
[Crossref]

N. Hout, J.M.C. Jonathan, G. Roosen, and D. Rytz, “Characterization and optimization of a ring self-pumped phase-conjugate mirror at 1.06µm with BaTiO3:Rh,” J. Opt. Am. B, 15 (1998).

Hribrik, P.

G.W. Ross, P. Hribrik, R.W. Eason, M.H. Garrett, and D. Rytz, “Impurity enhanged self-pumped phase conjugation in the near infrared in “blue” BaTiO3,” Opt. Comm. 101, 60–64 (1993).
[Crossref]

Jensen, S. J.

S. J. Jensen, M. Løbel, and Paul M. Petersen, “Stability of the sibgle-mode output of a laser diode array with phase conjugate feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett.,  76, 535–537 (2000).
[Crossref]

Johansen, P.M.

M. Løbel, P.M. Petersen, and P.M. Johansen, “Suppressing self-induced frequency scanning of a phase conjugate diode laser array with using counterbalance dispersion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1263–1265 (1998).
[Crossref]

Jonathan, J.M.

N. Hout, J.M. Jonathan, G. Pauliat, P. Georges, and G. Roosen, “Laser mode minipulation by intracavity dynamic holography: Application to mode selection,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 155–157(1999).
[Crossref]

Jonathan, J.M.C.

N. Hout, J.M.C. Jonathan, G. Roosen, and D. Rytz, “Characterization and optimization of a ring self-pumped phase-conjugate mirror at 1.06µm with BaTiO3:Rh,” J. Opt. Am. B, 15 (1998).

Løbel, M.

S. J. Jensen, M. Løbel, and Paul M. Petersen, “Stability of the sibgle-mode output of a laser diode array with phase conjugate feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett.,  76, 535–537 (2000).
[Crossref]

M. Løbel, P.M. Petersen, and P.M. Johansen, “Suppressing self-induced frequency scanning of a phase conjugate diode laser array with using counterbalance dispersion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1263–1265 (1998).
[Crossref]

MacCormack, S.

Martin, P.

A. Godard, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, P. Graindorge, and P. Martin, “Relaxation of the aligment tolerance of a 1.55µm extended-cavity semiconductor laser by use of an intracavity photorefractive filter,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1955–1957 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Godard, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, P. Graindorge, and P. Martin, “Single-mode gain in grating-tuned extended-cavity semiconductor lasers: Investigation of stable single-mode opration conditions,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.38, NO. 4, (2002).

Meilhac, L.

L. Meilhac, N. Dubreuil, G. Pauliat, and G. Roosen, “Modeling of laser mode self-adapted filtering by photorefractive Fabry-Perot interferometers,” Opt. Mat. 18, 37–40 (2001).
[Crossref]

Niu, X.

Y. Zhu, D. Zhang, X. Niu, and X. Wu, “High efficiency self-pumped phase conjugation from 45°-cut Ce:BaTiO3,” Opt. Commun. 134, 205–210 (1997)
[Crossref]

Obara, M.

A. Shiratori and M. Obara, “Wavelength-stable, narrow-spectral-width oscillation of an AlGaInP diode laser coupled to a BaTiO3:Co stimulated photorefractive backscattering phase conjugator,” Appl. Phys. B,  15, 329–333 (1997).
[Crossref]

Pauliat, G.

L. Meilhac, N. Dubreuil, G. Pauliat, and G. Roosen, “Modeling of laser mode self-adapted filtering by photorefractive Fabry-Perot interferometers,” Opt. Mat. 18, 37–40 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Godard, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, P. Graindorge, and P. Martin, “Relaxation of the aligment tolerance of a 1.55µm extended-cavity semiconductor laser by use of an intracavity photorefractive filter,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1955–1957 (2001).
[Crossref]

N. Hout, J.M. Jonathan, G. Pauliat, P. Georges, and G. Roosen, “Laser mode minipulation by intracavity dynamic holography: Application to mode selection,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 155–157(1999).
[Crossref]

A. Godard, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, P. Graindorge, and P. Martin, “Single-mode gain in grating-tuned extended-cavity semiconductor lasers: Investigation of stable single-mode opration conditions,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.38, NO. 4, (2002).

Petersen, P.M.

M. Løbel, P.M. Petersen, and P.M. Johansen, “Suppressing self-induced frequency scanning of a phase conjugate diode laser array with using counterbalance dispersion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1263–1265 (1998).
[Crossref]

Petersen, Paul M.

S. J. Jensen, M. Løbel, and Paul M. Petersen, “Stability of the sibgle-mode output of a laser diode array with phase conjugate feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett.,  76, 535–537 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ramsey, J.M.

Roosen, G.

A. Godard, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, P. Graindorge, and P. Martin, “Relaxation of the aligment tolerance of a 1.55µm extended-cavity semiconductor laser by use of an intracavity photorefractive filter,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1955–1957 (2001).
[Crossref]

L. Meilhac, N. Dubreuil, G. Pauliat, and G. Roosen, “Modeling of laser mode self-adapted filtering by photorefractive Fabry-Perot interferometers,” Opt. Mat. 18, 37–40 (2001).
[Crossref]

N. Hout, J.M. Jonathan, G. Pauliat, P. Georges, and G. Roosen, “Laser mode minipulation by intracavity dynamic holography: Application to mode selection,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 155–157(1999).
[Crossref]

N. Hout, J.M.C. Jonathan, G. Roosen, and D. Rytz, “Characterization and optimization of a ring self-pumped phase-conjugate mirror at 1.06µm with BaTiO3:Rh,” J. Opt. Am. B, 15 (1998).

A. Godard, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, P. Graindorge, and P. Martin, “Single-mode gain in grating-tuned extended-cavity semiconductor lasers: Investigation of stable single-mode opration conditions,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.38, NO. 4, (2002).

Ross, G.W.

G.W. Ross, P. Hribrik, R.W. Eason, M.H. Garrett, and D. Rytz, “Impurity enhanged self-pumped phase conjugation in the near infrared in “blue” BaTiO3,” Opt. Comm. 101, 60–64 (1993).
[Crossref]

Rytz, D.

G.W. Ross, P. Hribrik, R.W. Eason, M.H. Garrett, and D. Rytz, “Impurity enhanged self-pumped phase conjugation in the near infrared in “blue” BaTiO3,” Opt. Comm. 101, 60–64 (1993).
[Crossref]

N. Hout, J.M.C. Jonathan, G. Roosen, and D. Rytz, “Characterization and optimization of a ring self-pumped phase-conjugate mirror at 1.06µm with BaTiO3:Rh,” J. Opt. Am. B, 15 (1998).

Segev, M.

S. Weiss, M. Segev, and B. Fisher, “Line narrowing and self frequency scanning of laser diode arrays coupled to a photorefractive oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 706–708 (1988).
[Crossref]

Shiratori, A.

A. Shiratori and M. Obara, “Wavelength-stable, narrow-spectral-width oscillation of an AlGaInP diode laser coupled to a BaTiO3:Co stimulated photorefractive backscattering phase conjugator,” Appl. Phys. B,  15, 329–333 (1997).
[Crossref]

Weiss, S.

S. Weiss, M. Segev, and B. Fisher, “Line narrowing and self frequency scanning of laser diode arrays coupled to a photorefractive oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 706–708 (1988).
[Crossref]

Whitten, W.B.

Wu, X.

Y. Zhu, D. Zhang, X. Niu, and X. Wu, “High efficiency self-pumped phase conjugation from 45°-cut Ce:BaTiO3,” Opt. Commun. 134, 205–210 (1997)
[Crossref]

Yeh, Pochi

Pochi Yeh, Introduction to Photorefractive Nonlinear Optics, (John Wiley & Sons Inc., 1993)

Zhang, D.

Y. Zhu, D. Zhang, X. Niu, and X. Wu, “High efficiency self-pumped phase conjugation from 45°-cut Ce:BaTiO3,” Opt. Commun. 134, 205–210 (1997)
[Crossref]

Zhu, Y.

Y. Zhu, D. Zhang, X. Niu, and X. Wu, “High efficiency self-pumped phase conjugation from 45°-cut Ce:BaTiO3,” Opt. Commun. 134, 205–210 (1997)
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

A. Shiratori and M. Obara, “Wavelength-stable, narrow-spectral-width oscillation of an AlGaInP diode laser coupled to a BaTiO3:Co stimulated photorefractive backscattering phase conjugator,” Appl. Phys. B,  15, 329–333 (1997).
[Crossref]

N. Hout, J.M. Jonathan, G. Pauliat, P. Georges, and G. Roosen, “Laser mode minipulation by intracavity dynamic holography: Application to mode selection,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 155–157(1999).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. J. Jensen, M. Løbel, and Paul M. Petersen, “Stability of the sibgle-mode output of a laser diode array with phase conjugate feedback,” Appl. Phys. Lett.,  76, 535–537 (2000).
[Crossref]

M. Løbel, P.M. Petersen, and P.M. Johansen, “Suppressing self-induced frequency scanning of a phase conjugate diode laser array with using counterbalance dispersion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1263–1265 (1998).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Weiss, M. Segev, and B. Fisher, “Line narrowing and self frequency scanning of laser diode arrays coupled to a photorefractive oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 706–708 (1988).
[Crossref]

Opt. Comm. (1)

G.W. Ross, P. Hribrik, R.W. Eason, M.H. Garrett, and D. Rytz, “Impurity enhanged self-pumped phase conjugation in the near infrared in “blue” BaTiO3,” Opt. Comm. 101, 60–64 (1993).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

Y. Zhu, D. Zhang, X. Niu, and X. Wu, “High efficiency self-pumped phase conjugation from 45°-cut Ce:BaTiO3,” Opt. Commun. 134, 205–210 (1997)
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Mat. (1)

L. Meilhac, N. Dubreuil, G. Pauliat, and G. Roosen, “Modeling of laser mode self-adapted filtering by photorefractive Fabry-Perot interferometers,” Opt. Mat. 18, 37–40 (2001).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

A. Godard, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, P. Graindorge, and P. Martin, “Single-mode gain in grating-tuned extended-cavity semiconductor lasers: Investigation of stable single-mode opration conditions,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.38, NO. 4, (2002).

Pochi Yeh, Introduction to Photorefractive Nonlinear Optics, (John Wiley & Sons Inc., 1993)

N. Hout, J.M.C. Jonathan, G. Roosen, and D. Rytz, “Characterization and optimization of a ring self-pumped phase-conjugate mirror at 1.06µm with BaTiO3:Rh,” J. Opt. Am. B, 15 (1998).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the optical set-up with the tapered laser diode.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The slope-efficiency of the diode laser set-up with and without the phase-conjugating crystal.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Spectrum of the optical output from the 785 nm diode laser set-up with the combined phase-conjugating crystal/mirror external cavity feedback.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Drift of the laser wavelength as function of time. No self-scanning is observed.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Definition of the normalized crystal thickness.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

The normalized intensities as found from the computer calculations.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

d I 1 d z = α n I 1 2 Γ n I 1 I 2 I 1 + I 2
d I 2 d z = + α n I 2 2 Γ n I 1 I 2 I 1 + I 2 ,

Metrics