Abstract

A two-dimensional photonic crystal microcavity design supporting a wavelength-scale volume resonant mode with a calculated quality factor (Q) insensitive to deviations in the cavity geometry at the level of Q~2�?104 is presented. The robustness of the cavity design is confirmed by optical fiber-based measurements of passive cavities fabricated in silicon. For microcavities operating in the lambda = 1500 nm wavelength band, quality factors between 1.3-4.0�?104 are measured for significant variations in cavity geometry and for resonant mode normalized frequencies shifted by as much as 10% of the nominal value.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

T. Yoshie, J. Vu¡ckovic, A. Scherer, H. Chen, and D. Deppe, �??High quality two-dimensional photonic crystal slab cavities,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 4289�??4291 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H.-Y. Ryu, M. Notomi, and Y.-H. Lee, �??High-quality-factor and small-mode-volume hexapole modes in photoniccrystal-slab nanocavities,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4294�??4296 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, O. Painter, J. Chen, A. Y. Cho, and C. Gmachl, �??Experimental demonstration of a high quality factor photonic crystal microcavity,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1915�??1917 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, Y. Akahane, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, �??Theoretical investigation of a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab with truncated air holes,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1661�??1663 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, �??High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,�?? Nature 425, 944�??947 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

O. Painter, K. Srinivasan, and P. Barclay, �??A Wannier-like Equation for Photon States of Locally Perturbed Photonic Crystals,�?? Phys. Rev. B 68, 035214 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

J. Vu¡ckovic, M. Lon¡car, H. Mabuchi, and A. Scherer, �??Design of photonic crystal microcavities for cavity QED,�?? Phys. Rev. E 65 (2002).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

C. Santori, M. Pelton, G. Solomon, Y. Dale, and Y. Yamamoto, �??Triggered Single Photons from a Quantum Dot,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1502�??1505 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Physica Scripta (1)

H. J. Kimble, �??Strong Interactions of Single Atoms and Photons in Cavity QED,�?? Physica Scripta T76, 127�??137 (1998).

Science (2)

P. Michler, A. Kiraz, C. Becher, W. Schoenfeld, P. Petroff, L. Zhang, E. Hu, and A. Imomoglu, �??A Quantum Dot Single-Photon Turnstile Device,�?? Science 290, 2282�??2285 (2000).
[CrossRef]

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, A. Scherer, J. D. O�??Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, �??Two-Dimensional Photonic Band-Gap Defect Mode Laser,�?? Science 284, 1819�??1824 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

Optical Processes in Microcavities, R. K. Chang and A. J. Campillo, eds., (World Scientific, Singapore, 1996).

K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, �??Optical fiber based measurement of an ultrasmall volume, high-Q photonic crystal microcavity,�?? submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett., Sept. 2003 (available at <a href="http://arxiv.org/quant-ph/abs/0309190">http://arxiv.org/quant-ph/abs/0309190</a>).

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