Abstract

We investigated the complex intensity modulation transfer function for supercontinuum generation in microstructure fibers (MSF). We measured the relative intensity and phase modulations in the output spectrum of the MSF with spectral resolution of one and ten nanometers, respectively. For small intensity modulation indices (~ 1 %) we found power modulation gain factors as large as 100 in certain spectral areas of the super continuum. In all spectral regions the phase modulation coefficient was found not to exceed 40 rad per percent of pulse power change. Consequences for applications of phase-coherent supercontinua, such as frequency metrology, pulse synthesis, heterodyne coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) are discussed.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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Appl. Phys. B

A. Poppe, R. Holzwarth, A. Apolonski, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, T.W. Hänsch, F. Krausz, �??Few-cycle optical waveform synthesis,�?? Appl. Phys. B 73, 373-376 (2001)
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B.

J.M. Dudley, L. Provino, N. Grossard, H. Maillotte, R.S. Windeler, B.J. Eggleton, S. Coen, �??Supercontinuum generation in air-silica microstructured fibers with nanosecond and femtosecond pulse pumping,�?? J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 765-770 (2002)

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

K.L. Corwin, N.R. Newbury, J.M. Dudley, S. Coen, S.A. Diddams, K. Weber, R.S. Windeler, �??Fundamental Noise Limitations to Supercontinuum Generation in Microstructure Fiber,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003)
[CrossRef]

G. Wilpers, T. Binnewies, C. Degenhardt, U. Sterr, J. Helmcke, F. Riehle, �??Optical Clock with Ultracold Neutral Atoms,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 230801 (2002)
[CrossRef]

R.J. Jones, J.-C. Diels, �??Stabilization of Femtosecond Lasers for Optical Frequency Metrology and Direct Optical to Radio Frequency Synthesis,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3288-3291 (2001)
[CrossRef]

A.V. Husakou, J. Herrmann, �??Supercontinuum Generation of Higher-Order Solitons by Fission in Photonic Crystal Fibers,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 203901(2001)
[CrossRef]

M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, P. Pokasov, T. Udem, M. Weitz, T.W. Hänsch, P. Lemonde, G. Santarelli, M. Abgrall, P. Laurent, C. Salomon, A. Clairon, �??Measurement of the Hydrogen 1S-2S Transition Frequency by Phase Coherent Comparison with a Microwave Cesium Fountain Clock,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5496-5499 (2000)
[CrossRef]

T. Udem, S.A. Diddams, K.R. Vogel, C.W. Oates, E.A. Curtis, W.D. Lee, W.M. Itano, R.E. Drullinger, J.C. Bergquist, L. Hollberg, �??Absolute Frequency Measurements of the Hg+ and Ca Optical Clock Transitions with a Femtosecond Laser,�?? Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4996-4999 (2001)
[CrossRef]

Science

D.J. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A.Stentz, R.S. Windeler, J.L Hall, S.T. Cundiff, �??Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis,�?? Science 288, 635-639 (2000)
[CrossRef]

R.K.Shelton, L.-S. Ma, H.C. Kapteyn, M.M. Murnane, J.L. Hall, J. Ye, �??Phase-Coherent Optical Pulse Synthesis from Separate Femtosecond Lasers,�?? Science 293, 1286-1289 (2001)
[CrossRef]

Other

G.P. Agrawal: Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, San Diego, 1995)

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