Abstract

We report a controllable process of precipitation and dissolution of silver nanoparticles in ultrashort laser pulses irradiated Ag+-doped phosphate glass. Absorption spectra, transmission electron microscopy and refractive index measurement revealed that metallic silver nanoparticles were precipitated in the glass sample after irradiation by an 800-nm femtosecond laser and subsequent annealing at 300°C, and dissolved after further annealing at 450°C. We discuss a mechanism that combines the formation and decoloration of color centers, precipitation and dissolution of silver nanoparticles.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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References

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Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. (1)

J. Qiu, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, M. Shirai, J. Si, N. Jiang, K. Hirao, �??Manipulation of gold nanoparticles inside transparent materials,�?? Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 43, 2230-34 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ann. Phys. (1)

G. Mie, �??Beiträge zur optik trüber medien, speziell kolloidaler metallösungen,�?? Ann. Phys. 25, 377-445 (1908).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

J. Qiu, M. Shirai, T. Nakaya, J. Si, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, K. Hirao, �??Space-selective precipitation of metal nanoparticles inside glasses,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3040-42 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, �??Photowritten optical waveguides in various glasses with ultrashort pulse laser,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329-31 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, S. Fujiwara, S. Sakaguchi, and K. Hirao, �??Three-dimensional optical memory with rewriteable and ultrahigh density using the valence-state change of samarium ions,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2263-65 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Kaempfe, T. Rainer, K.-J. Berg, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, �??Ultrashort laser pulse induced deformation of silver nanoparticles in glass,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 1200-02 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Watanabe, G. Namikawa, T. Onuki, K. Nishio, and T. Tsuchiya, �??Photosensitivity in phosphate glass doped with Ag+ upon exposure to near-ultraviolet femtosecond laser pulses,�?? Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2125-27 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

H. Kogelnik, �??Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings,�?? Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909-47 (1969).

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

T. Feldman and A. Treinin, �??Inorganic radicals trapped in glasses at room temperature. IV. Silver radicals in metaphosphate glass,�?? J. Chem. Phys. 47, 2754-58 (1967).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Res. (1)

I. Tanahashi, M. Yoshida, Y. Manabe, and T. Tohda, �??Effects of heat treatment on Ag particle growth and optical properties in Ag/SiO2 glass composite thin films,�?? J. Mater. Res. 10, 362-65 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (4)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Absorption spectra of Ag+-doped glass sample before (A) and after (B) femtosecond laser irradiation, and subsequent annealing at various temperatures of 150°C (C), 300°C (D), 400°C (E), 450°C (F) and 500°C (G) for 30 min. (b) The difference in absorption spectra of the glass samples in Fig. 1(a) before and after (H=B-A) the femtosecond laser irradiation and after subsequent annealing at various temperatures of 150°C (I=C-A), 300°C (J=D-A), 400°C (K=EA), 450°C (L=F-A) and 500°C (M=G-A) for 30 min. The inset is the amplification of curves J and K.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

TEM micrograph of silver nanoparticles precipitated in Ag2O-doped phosphate glass after femtosecond laser irradiation and annealing at 300°C for 30 min.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Excitation and emission spectra of Ag-associated color centers (λexcitation=320nm, λemission=565nm) after femtosecond laser irradiation (A, B) and subsequent annealing at 150°C (C, D). After annealing at 300°C, no emission was detected.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The diffraction efficiency and the refractive index change in the laser-irradiated area as functions of annealing temperature.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Excitation and emission spectra of isolated Ag+excitation=237nm, λemission=390nm) before (A, B) and after (C, D) femtosecond laser irradiation and subsequent annealing at 300°C (E, F).

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