Abstract

The brightness of cw and quasi cw solid state lasers of conventional designs is limited by stress fracture and uncorrectable phase aberration in thermally loaded stationary gain medium. By introducing physical motion of the gain medium as a new control element in the design of solid state lasers, we show the potential to significantly increase the brightness of cw and quasi cw solid state lasers. In this paper, we develop the design equations of rotary disk lasers and illustrate the design of a 1-kilowatt single mode Yb-YAG rotary disk laser.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Wickham, J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, D. Hammons, H. Komine, and M. Weber, “Coherently Coupled High Power Fiber Arrays,” paper MA4, presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics Conf., Santa Fe, NM, 2004.
  2. C.H. Liu, A. Galvanauskas, B. Ehlers, F. Doerfel, S. Heinemann, A. Carter, K. Tankala, and J. Farroni, “810-W single transverse mode Yb-doped fiber laser,” paper PD2-1, presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics Conf., Santa Fe, NM, 2004.
  3. F. Butze, M. Larionov, K. Schuhmann, C. Stolzenburg, and A. Giesen, “Nanosecond pulsed thin disk Yb:YAG lasers,” paper WA4, presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics Conf., Santa Fe, NM, 2004.
  4. G. Holleman, G. Harpole, H. Injeyan, R. Moyer, M. Valley, J. Machan, R. St. Pierre, J. Berg, and L. Marabella, “Modelling High Brightness kW Solid State Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 2989, 15–22 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  5. M. Rotter, C. Brent Dane, S. Gonzales, R. Merrill, S. Mitchell, C. Parks, and R. Yamamoto, “The solid-state heat-capacity laser,” paper PD8-1, presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics Conf., Santa Fe, NM, 2004.
  6. S. Basu and R.L. Byer, “Fiber coupled diode pumped moving solid state laser,” U.S. Patent 4,890,289, 1990.
  7. S. Basu, A high peak and high average power Nd:glass moving slab laser for soft X-ray generation, (Stanford University PhD dissertation, Stanford, CA1988), pp. 180–188.
  8. S. Basu and R.L. Byer, “Diode-pumped moving-disc laser: a new configuration for high average power generation,” Opt. Quantum Electron.,  23, 33–37 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  9. S. Basu, J. Depsky, R.S. Shah, and T. Endo, “Numerical Designs of 100-kW Average Power Solid State Lasers,” in Modeling and simulation of higher-power laser systems IV, U. Farrukh and S. Basu, eds., Proc. SPIE2989, 2–14 (1997).
  10. A. H. Paxton, S.M. Massey, J.B. McKay, and H.C. Miller, “Rotating-Disk Solid-State Lasers, Thermal Properties,” in Laser Resonators and Beam Control VII, A. Kudryashov, ed., Proc. SPIE5333, 12–17 (2004).
  11. S. Basu and R.L. Byer, “40-W average power, 30-Hz moving-slab Nd-glass laser,” Opt. Lett.,  11, 617–619 (1986).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. J. Korn, T.H. Jeys, and T.Y. Fan, “Continuous wave operation of a diode-pumped rotating Nd-glass disk laser,” Opt. Lett.,  16(24), 1741–1743 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  13. S. M. Massey, J.B. McKay, T.H. Russell, A.H. Paxton, S. Basu, and H.C. Miller, “Diode Pumped Nd:YAG and Nd:Glass Spinning Disk Lasers”, submitted for publication in JOSA B (2004).
  14. S. Basu and H.C. Miller, “A 40-W single mode Yb-YAG rotary disk laser”, in Solid state and diode laser technology review, S. Ross, ed., (Directed Energy Professional Society, 2004), p. P-43.
  15. T.Y. Fan and R.L. Byer, “Modeling and cw operation of a quasi-three-level 946 nm Nd:YAG laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron,  QE-23, 605–612 (1987).
  16. W.P. Risk, “Modeling of longitudinally pumped solid-state lasers exhibiting reabsorption losses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am B,  5, 1412–1423 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  17. P. Peterson, A. Gavrielides, and P. Sharma, “Cw theory of a laser diode pumped two-manifold solid state laser,” Opt. Commun.,  109, 282–287 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  18. C. D. Nabors, J. Ochoa, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez, H. K. Choi, and G. W. Turner, “Ho:YAG Laser Pumped by 1.9-µm Diode Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron,  31, 1603–1605 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  19. W.W. Rigrod, “Saturation effects in high gain lasers,” J. Appl. Phys.,  36, 2487–2490 (1965).
    [Crossref]
  20. A.E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986).
  21. R.B. Bird et al, Transport Phenomena (John Wiley & Sons, 1960).
  22. J.M. Eggleston, T.J. Kane, K. Kuhn, J. Unternahrer, and R.L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron., “The slab geometry laser. I-Theory,”  QE-20, 289–301 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  23. T.Y. Fan, “Heat generation in Nd:YAG and Yb:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron, 29, 1457–1459 (1993).
    [Crossref]

1997 (1)

G. Holleman, G. Harpole, H. Injeyan, R. Moyer, M. Valley, J. Machan, R. St. Pierre, J. Berg, and L. Marabella, “Modelling High Brightness kW Solid State Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 2989, 15–22 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

C. D. Nabors, J. Ochoa, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez, H. K. Choi, and G. W. Turner, “Ho:YAG Laser Pumped by 1.9-µm Diode Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron,  31, 1603–1605 (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

P. Peterson, A. Gavrielides, and P. Sharma, “Cw theory of a laser diode pumped two-manifold solid state laser,” Opt. Commun.,  109, 282–287 (1994).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

J. Korn, T.H. Jeys, and T.Y. Fan, “Continuous wave operation of a diode-pumped rotating Nd-glass disk laser,” Opt. Lett.,  16(24), 1741–1743 (1991).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

S. Basu and R.L. Byer, “Diode-pumped moving-disc laser: a new configuration for high average power generation,” Opt. Quantum Electron.,  23, 33–37 (1990).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

W.P. Risk, “Modeling of longitudinally pumped solid-state lasers exhibiting reabsorption losses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am B,  5, 1412–1423 (1988).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

T.Y. Fan and R.L. Byer, “Modeling and cw operation of a quasi-three-level 946 nm Nd:YAG laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron,  QE-23, 605–612 (1987).

1986 (1)

1984 (1)

J.M. Eggleston, T.J. Kane, K. Kuhn, J. Unternahrer, and R.L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron., “The slab geometry laser. I-Theory,”  QE-20, 289–301 (1984).
[Crossref]

1965 (1)

W.W. Rigrod, “Saturation effects in high gain lasers,” J. Appl. Phys.,  36, 2487–2490 (1965).
[Crossref]

Anderegg, J.

M. Wickham, J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, D. Hammons, H. Komine, and M. Weber, “Coherently Coupled High Power Fiber Arrays,” paper MA4, presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics Conf., Santa Fe, NM, 2004.

Basu, S.

S. Basu and R.L. Byer, “Diode-pumped moving-disc laser: a new configuration for high average power generation,” Opt. Quantum Electron.,  23, 33–37 (1990).
[Crossref]

S. Basu and R.L. Byer, “40-W average power, 30-Hz moving-slab Nd-glass laser,” Opt. Lett.,  11, 617–619 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Basu, A high peak and high average power Nd:glass moving slab laser for soft X-ray generation, (Stanford University PhD dissertation, Stanford, CA1988), pp. 180–188.

S. Basu, J. Depsky, R.S. Shah, and T. Endo, “Numerical Designs of 100-kW Average Power Solid State Lasers,” in Modeling and simulation of higher-power laser systems IV, U. Farrukh and S. Basu, eds., Proc. SPIE2989, 2–14 (1997).

S. M. Massey, J.B. McKay, T.H. Russell, A.H. Paxton, S. Basu, and H.C. Miller, “Diode Pumped Nd:YAG and Nd:Glass Spinning Disk Lasers”, submitted for publication in JOSA B (2004).

S. Basu and H.C. Miller, “A 40-W single mode Yb-YAG rotary disk laser”, in Solid state and diode laser technology review, S. Ross, ed., (Directed Energy Professional Society, 2004), p. P-43.

S. Basu and R.L. Byer, “Fiber coupled diode pumped moving solid state laser,” U.S. Patent 4,890,289, 1990.

Berg, J.

G. Holleman, G. Harpole, H. Injeyan, R. Moyer, M. Valley, J. Machan, R. St. Pierre, J. Berg, and L. Marabella, “Modelling High Brightness kW Solid State Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 2989, 15–22 (1997).
[Crossref]

Bird, R.B.

R.B. Bird et al, Transport Phenomena (John Wiley & Sons, 1960).

Brent Dane, C.

M. Rotter, C. Brent Dane, S. Gonzales, R. Merrill, S. Mitchell, C. Parks, and R. Yamamoto, “The solid-state heat-capacity laser,” paper PD8-1, presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics Conf., Santa Fe, NM, 2004.

Brosnan, S.

M. Wickham, J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, D. Hammons, H. Komine, and M. Weber, “Coherently Coupled High Power Fiber Arrays,” paper MA4, presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics Conf., Santa Fe, NM, 2004.

Butze, F.

F. Butze, M. Larionov, K. Schuhmann, C. Stolzenburg, and A. Giesen, “Nanosecond pulsed thin disk Yb:YAG lasers,” paper WA4, presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics Conf., Santa Fe, NM, 2004.

Byer, R.L.

S. Basu and R.L. Byer, “Diode-pumped moving-disc laser: a new configuration for high average power generation,” Opt. Quantum Electron.,  23, 33–37 (1990).
[Crossref]

T.Y. Fan and R.L. Byer, “Modeling and cw operation of a quasi-three-level 946 nm Nd:YAG laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron,  QE-23, 605–612 (1987).

S. Basu and R.L. Byer, “40-W average power, 30-Hz moving-slab Nd-glass laser,” Opt. Lett.,  11, 617–619 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.M. Eggleston, T.J. Kane, K. Kuhn, J. Unternahrer, and R.L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron., “The slab geometry laser. I-Theory,”  QE-20, 289–301 (1984).
[Crossref]

S. Basu and R.L. Byer, “Fiber coupled diode pumped moving solid state laser,” U.S. Patent 4,890,289, 1990.

Carter, A.

C.H. Liu, A. Galvanauskas, B. Ehlers, F. Doerfel, S. Heinemann, A. Carter, K. Tankala, and J. Farroni, “810-W single transverse mode Yb-doped fiber laser,” paper PD2-1, presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics Conf., Santa Fe, NM, 2004.

Choi, H. K.

C. D. Nabors, J. Ochoa, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez, H. K. Choi, and G. W. Turner, “Ho:YAG Laser Pumped by 1.9-µm Diode Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron,  31, 1603–1605 (1995).
[Crossref]

Depsky, J.

S. Basu, J. Depsky, R.S. Shah, and T. Endo, “Numerical Designs of 100-kW Average Power Solid State Lasers,” in Modeling and simulation of higher-power laser systems IV, U. Farrukh and S. Basu, eds., Proc. SPIE2989, 2–14 (1997).

Doerfel, F.

C.H. Liu, A. Galvanauskas, B. Ehlers, F. Doerfel, S. Heinemann, A. Carter, K. Tankala, and J. Farroni, “810-W single transverse mode Yb-doped fiber laser,” paper PD2-1, presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics Conf., Santa Fe, NM, 2004.

Eggleston, J.M.

J.M. Eggleston, T.J. Kane, K. Kuhn, J. Unternahrer, and R.L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron., “The slab geometry laser. I-Theory,”  QE-20, 289–301 (1984).
[Crossref]

Ehlers, B.

C.H. Liu, A. Galvanauskas, B. Ehlers, F. Doerfel, S. Heinemann, A. Carter, K. Tankala, and J. Farroni, “810-W single transverse mode Yb-doped fiber laser,” paper PD2-1, presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics Conf., Santa Fe, NM, 2004.

Endo, T.

S. Basu, J. Depsky, R.S. Shah, and T. Endo, “Numerical Designs of 100-kW Average Power Solid State Lasers,” in Modeling and simulation of higher-power laser systems IV, U. Farrukh and S. Basu, eds., Proc. SPIE2989, 2–14 (1997).

Fan, T. Y.

C. D. Nabors, J. Ochoa, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez, H. K. Choi, and G. W. Turner, “Ho:YAG Laser Pumped by 1.9-µm Diode Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron,  31, 1603–1605 (1995).
[Crossref]

Fan, T.Y.

J. Korn, T.H. Jeys, and T.Y. Fan, “Continuous wave operation of a diode-pumped rotating Nd-glass disk laser,” Opt. Lett.,  16(24), 1741–1743 (1991).
[Crossref]

T.Y. Fan and R.L. Byer, “Modeling and cw operation of a quasi-three-level 946 nm Nd:YAG laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron,  QE-23, 605–612 (1987).

T.Y. Fan, “Heat generation in Nd:YAG and Yb:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron, 29, 1457–1459 (1993).
[Crossref]

Farroni, J.

C.H. Liu, A. Galvanauskas, B. Ehlers, F. Doerfel, S. Heinemann, A. Carter, K. Tankala, and J. Farroni, “810-W single transverse mode Yb-doped fiber laser,” paper PD2-1, presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics Conf., Santa Fe, NM, 2004.

Galvanauskas, A.

C.H. Liu, A. Galvanauskas, B. Ehlers, F. Doerfel, S. Heinemann, A. Carter, K. Tankala, and J. Farroni, “810-W single transverse mode Yb-doped fiber laser,” paper PD2-1, presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics Conf., Santa Fe, NM, 2004.

Gavrielides, A.

P. Peterson, A. Gavrielides, and P. Sharma, “Cw theory of a laser diode pumped two-manifold solid state laser,” Opt. Commun.,  109, 282–287 (1994).
[Crossref]

Giesen, A.

F. Butze, M. Larionov, K. Schuhmann, C. Stolzenburg, and A. Giesen, “Nanosecond pulsed thin disk Yb:YAG lasers,” paper WA4, presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics Conf., Santa Fe, NM, 2004.

Gonzales, S.

M. Rotter, C. Brent Dane, S. Gonzales, R. Merrill, S. Mitchell, C. Parks, and R. Yamamoto, “The solid-state heat-capacity laser,” paper PD8-1, presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics Conf., Santa Fe, NM, 2004.

Hammons, D.

M. Wickham, J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, D. Hammons, H. Komine, and M. Weber, “Coherently Coupled High Power Fiber Arrays,” paper MA4, presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics Conf., Santa Fe, NM, 2004.

Harpole, G.

G. Holleman, G. Harpole, H. Injeyan, R. Moyer, M. Valley, J. Machan, R. St. Pierre, J. Berg, and L. Marabella, “Modelling High Brightness kW Solid State Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 2989, 15–22 (1997).
[Crossref]

Heinemann, S.

C.H. Liu, A. Galvanauskas, B. Ehlers, F. Doerfel, S. Heinemann, A. Carter, K. Tankala, and J. Farroni, “810-W single transverse mode Yb-doped fiber laser,” paper PD2-1, presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics Conf., Santa Fe, NM, 2004.

Holleman, G.

G. Holleman, G. Harpole, H. Injeyan, R. Moyer, M. Valley, J. Machan, R. St. Pierre, J. Berg, and L. Marabella, “Modelling High Brightness kW Solid State Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 2989, 15–22 (1997).
[Crossref]

Injeyan, H.

G. Holleman, G. Harpole, H. Injeyan, R. Moyer, M. Valley, J. Machan, R. St. Pierre, J. Berg, and L. Marabella, “Modelling High Brightness kW Solid State Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 2989, 15–22 (1997).
[Crossref]

Jeys, T.H.

J. Korn, T.H. Jeys, and T.Y. Fan, “Continuous wave operation of a diode-pumped rotating Nd-glass disk laser,” Opt. Lett.,  16(24), 1741–1743 (1991).
[Crossref]

Kane, T.J.

J.M. Eggleston, T.J. Kane, K. Kuhn, J. Unternahrer, and R.L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron., “The slab geometry laser. I-Theory,”  QE-20, 289–301 (1984).
[Crossref]

Komine, H.

M. Wickham, J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, D. Hammons, H. Komine, and M. Weber, “Coherently Coupled High Power Fiber Arrays,” paper MA4, presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics Conf., Santa Fe, NM, 2004.

Korn, J.

J. Korn, T.H. Jeys, and T.Y. Fan, “Continuous wave operation of a diode-pumped rotating Nd-glass disk laser,” Opt. Lett.,  16(24), 1741–1743 (1991).
[Crossref]

Kuhn, K.

J.M. Eggleston, T.J. Kane, K. Kuhn, J. Unternahrer, and R.L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron., “The slab geometry laser. I-Theory,”  QE-20, 289–301 (1984).
[Crossref]

Larionov, M.

F. Butze, M. Larionov, K. Schuhmann, C. Stolzenburg, and A. Giesen, “Nanosecond pulsed thin disk Yb:YAG lasers,” paper WA4, presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics Conf., Santa Fe, NM, 2004.

Liu, C.H.

C.H. Liu, A. Galvanauskas, B. Ehlers, F. Doerfel, S. Heinemann, A. Carter, K. Tankala, and J. Farroni, “810-W single transverse mode Yb-doped fiber laser,” paper PD2-1, presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics Conf., Santa Fe, NM, 2004.

Machan, J.

G. Holleman, G. Harpole, H. Injeyan, R. Moyer, M. Valley, J. Machan, R. St. Pierre, J. Berg, and L. Marabella, “Modelling High Brightness kW Solid State Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 2989, 15–22 (1997).
[Crossref]

Marabella, L.

G. Holleman, G. Harpole, H. Injeyan, R. Moyer, M. Valley, J. Machan, R. St. Pierre, J. Berg, and L. Marabella, “Modelling High Brightness kW Solid State Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 2989, 15–22 (1997).
[Crossref]

Massey, S. M.

S. M. Massey, J.B. McKay, T.H. Russell, A.H. Paxton, S. Basu, and H.C. Miller, “Diode Pumped Nd:YAG and Nd:Glass Spinning Disk Lasers”, submitted for publication in JOSA B (2004).

Massey, S.M.

A. H. Paxton, S.M. Massey, J.B. McKay, and H.C. Miller, “Rotating-Disk Solid-State Lasers, Thermal Properties,” in Laser Resonators and Beam Control VII, A. Kudryashov, ed., Proc. SPIE5333, 12–17 (2004).

McKay, J.B.

A. H. Paxton, S.M. Massey, J.B. McKay, and H.C. Miller, “Rotating-Disk Solid-State Lasers, Thermal Properties,” in Laser Resonators and Beam Control VII, A. Kudryashov, ed., Proc. SPIE5333, 12–17 (2004).

S. M. Massey, J.B. McKay, T.H. Russell, A.H. Paxton, S. Basu, and H.C. Miller, “Diode Pumped Nd:YAG and Nd:Glass Spinning Disk Lasers”, submitted for publication in JOSA B (2004).

Merrill, R.

M. Rotter, C. Brent Dane, S. Gonzales, R. Merrill, S. Mitchell, C. Parks, and R. Yamamoto, “The solid-state heat-capacity laser,” paper PD8-1, presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics Conf., Santa Fe, NM, 2004.

Miller, H.C.

A. H. Paxton, S.M. Massey, J.B. McKay, and H.C. Miller, “Rotating-Disk Solid-State Lasers, Thermal Properties,” in Laser Resonators and Beam Control VII, A. Kudryashov, ed., Proc. SPIE5333, 12–17 (2004).

S. Basu and H.C. Miller, “A 40-W single mode Yb-YAG rotary disk laser”, in Solid state and diode laser technology review, S. Ross, ed., (Directed Energy Professional Society, 2004), p. P-43.

S. M. Massey, J.B. McKay, T.H. Russell, A.H. Paxton, S. Basu, and H.C. Miller, “Diode Pumped Nd:YAG and Nd:Glass Spinning Disk Lasers”, submitted for publication in JOSA B (2004).

Mitchell, S.

M. Rotter, C. Brent Dane, S. Gonzales, R. Merrill, S. Mitchell, C. Parks, and R. Yamamoto, “The solid-state heat-capacity laser,” paper PD8-1, presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics Conf., Santa Fe, NM, 2004.

Moyer, R.

G. Holleman, G. Harpole, H. Injeyan, R. Moyer, M. Valley, J. Machan, R. St. Pierre, J. Berg, and L. Marabella, “Modelling High Brightness kW Solid State Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 2989, 15–22 (1997).
[Crossref]

Nabors, C. D.

C. D. Nabors, J. Ochoa, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez, H. K. Choi, and G. W. Turner, “Ho:YAG Laser Pumped by 1.9-µm Diode Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron,  31, 1603–1605 (1995).
[Crossref]

Ochoa, J.

C. D. Nabors, J. Ochoa, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez, H. K. Choi, and G. W. Turner, “Ho:YAG Laser Pumped by 1.9-µm Diode Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron,  31, 1603–1605 (1995).
[Crossref]

Parks, C.

M. Rotter, C. Brent Dane, S. Gonzales, R. Merrill, S. Mitchell, C. Parks, and R. Yamamoto, “The solid-state heat-capacity laser,” paper PD8-1, presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics Conf., Santa Fe, NM, 2004.

Paxton, A. H.

A. H. Paxton, S.M. Massey, J.B. McKay, and H.C. Miller, “Rotating-Disk Solid-State Lasers, Thermal Properties,” in Laser Resonators and Beam Control VII, A. Kudryashov, ed., Proc. SPIE5333, 12–17 (2004).

Paxton, A.H.

S. M. Massey, J.B. McKay, T.H. Russell, A.H. Paxton, S. Basu, and H.C. Miller, “Diode Pumped Nd:YAG and Nd:Glass Spinning Disk Lasers”, submitted for publication in JOSA B (2004).

Peterson, P.

P. Peterson, A. Gavrielides, and P. Sharma, “Cw theory of a laser diode pumped two-manifold solid state laser,” Opt. Commun.,  109, 282–287 (1994).
[Crossref]

Pierre, R. St.

G. Holleman, G. Harpole, H. Injeyan, R. Moyer, M. Valley, J. Machan, R. St. Pierre, J. Berg, and L. Marabella, “Modelling High Brightness kW Solid State Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 2989, 15–22 (1997).
[Crossref]

Rigrod, W.W.

W.W. Rigrod, “Saturation effects in high gain lasers,” J. Appl. Phys.,  36, 2487–2490 (1965).
[Crossref]

Risk, W.P.

W.P. Risk, “Modeling of longitudinally pumped solid-state lasers exhibiting reabsorption losses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am B,  5, 1412–1423 (1988).
[Crossref]

Rotter, M.

M. Rotter, C. Brent Dane, S. Gonzales, R. Merrill, S. Mitchell, C. Parks, and R. Yamamoto, “The solid-state heat-capacity laser,” paper PD8-1, presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics Conf., Santa Fe, NM, 2004.

Russell, T.H.

S. M. Massey, J.B. McKay, T.H. Russell, A.H. Paxton, S. Basu, and H.C. Miller, “Diode Pumped Nd:YAG and Nd:Glass Spinning Disk Lasers”, submitted for publication in JOSA B (2004).

Sanchez, A.

C. D. Nabors, J. Ochoa, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez, H. K. Choi, and G. W. Turner, “Ho:YAG Laser Pumped by 1.9-µm Diode Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron,  31, 1603–1605 (1995).
[Crossref]

Schuhmann, K.

F. Butze, M. Larionov, K. Schuhmann, C. Stolzenburg, and A. Giesen, “Nanosecond pulsed thin disk Yb:YAG lasers,” paper WA4, presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics Conf., Santa Fe, NM, 2004.

Shah, R.S.

S. Basu, J. Depsky, R.S. Shah, and T. Endo, “Numerical Designs of 100-kW Average Power Solid State Lasers,” in Modeling and simulation of higher-power laser systems IV, U. Farrukh and S. Basu, eds., Proc. SPIE2989, 2–14 (1997).

Sharma, P.

P. Peterson, A. Gavrielides, and P. Sharma, “Cw theory of a laser diode pumped two-manifold solid state laser,” Opt. Commun.,  109, 282–287 (1994).
[Crossref]

Siegman, A.E.

A.E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986).

Stolzenburg, C.

F. Butze, M. Larionov, K. Schuhmann, C. Stolzenburg, and A. Giesen, “Nanosecond pulsed thin disk Yb:YAG lasers,” paper WA4, presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics Conf., Santa Fe, NM, 2004.

Tankala, K.

C.H. Liu, A. Galvanauskas, B. Ehlers, F. Doerfel, S. Heinemann, A. Carter, K. Tankala, and J. Farroni, “810-W single transverse mode Yb-doped fiber laser,” paper PD2-1, presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics Conf., Santa Fe, NM, 2004.

Turner, G. W.

C. D. Nabors, J. Ochoa, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez, H. K. Choi, and G. W. Turner, “Ho:YAG Laser Pumped by 1.9-µm Diode Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron,  31, 1603–1605 (1995).
[Crossref]

Unternahrer, J.

J.M. Eggleston, T.J. Kane, K. Kuhn, J. Unternahrer, and R.L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron., “The slab geometry laser. I-Theory,”  QE-20, 289–301 (1984).
[Crossref]

Valley, M.

G. Holleman, G. Harpole, H. Injeyan, R. Moyer, M. Valley, J. Machan, R. St. Pierre, J. Berg, and L. Marabella, “Modelling High Brightness kW Solid State Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 2989, 15–22 (1997).
[Crossref]

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M. Wickham, J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, D. Hammons, H. Komine, and M. Weber, “Coherently Coupled High Power Fiber Arrays,” paper MA4, presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics Conf., Santa Fe, NM, 2004.

Wickham, M.

M. Wickham, J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, D. Hammons, H. Komine, and M. Weber, “Coherently Coupled High Power Fiber Arrays,” paper MA4, presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics Conf., Santa Fe, NM, 2004.

Yamamoto, R.

M. Rotter, C. Brent Dane, S. Gonzales, R. Merrill, S. Mitchell, C. Parks, and R. Yamamoto, “The solid-state heat-capacity laser,” paper PD8-1, presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics Conf., Santa Fe, NM, 2004.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron (2)

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[Crossref]

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IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

G. Holleman, G. Harpole, H. Injeyan, R. Moyer, M. Valley, J. Machan, R. St. Pierre, J. Berg, and L. Marabella, “Modelling High Brightness kW Solid State Lasers,” Proc. SPIE 2989, 15–22 (1997).
[Crossref]

Other (13)

M. Rotter, C. Brent Dane, S. Gonzales, R. Merrill, S. Mitchell, C. Parks, and R. Yamamoto, “The solid-state heat-capacity laser,” paper PD8-1, presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics Conf., Santa Fe, NM, 2004.

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S. Basu, J. Depsky, R.S. Shah, and T. Endo, “Numerical Designs of 100-kW Average Power Solid State Lasers,” in Modeling and simulation of higher-power laser systems IV, U. Farrukh and S. Basu, eds., Proc. SPIE2989, 2–14 (1997).

A. H. Paxton, S.M. Massey, J.B. McKay, and H.C. Miller, “Rotating-Disk Solid-State Lasers, Thermal Properties,” in Laser Resonators and Beam Control VII, A. Kudryashov, ed., Proc. SPIE5333, 12–17 (2004).

M. Wickham, J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, D. Hammons, H. Komine, and M. Weber, “Coherently Coupled High Power Fiber Arrays,” paper MA4, presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics Conf., Santa Fe, NM, 2004.

C.H. Liu, A. Galvanauskas, B. Ehlers, F. Doerfel, S. Heinemann, A. Carter, K. Tankala, and J. Farroni, “810-W single transverse mode Yb-doped fiber laser,” paper PD2-1, presented at the Advanced Solid State Photonics Conf., Santa Fe, NM, 2004.

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[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of a typical rotary disk laser, and, the coordinate system used in the analysis

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Energy level diagram of Yb-YAG

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Calculated maximum temperature difference within the rotary disk Yb-YAG vs. pump power during laser operation; calculated maximum stress divided by fracture stress of Yb-YAG vs. pump power is shown in secondary y axis; (b) Calculated single-mode output power from a Rotary Disk Yb-YAG laser containing one 45-mm diameter laser disk

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Calculated single-mode output power from a Yb-YAG rotary disk laser containing 3 identical 45-mm diameter laser disks in an unstable resonator cavity with magnification 2.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Performance of state of the art high brightness solid state lasers

Equations (37)

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B L = P / ( λ ¨ BQ ) ) 2
I = B L π ¨ ( D / f ) 2 / 4
Δ N pump = f 1 pump N 1 f 2 pump N 2
Δ N laser = f 2 laser N 2 f 1 laser N 1
Δ N laser I = ( 1 / ( 2 σ laser ) ) ( ln ( ( 1 L c ) R ) )
N 2 I = ( 1 / ( f 1 laser + f 2 laser ) ) ( Δ N laser I + f 1 laser N 0 L pump )
Δ N pump I = f 1 laser N 0 L pump ( f 1 pump + f 2 pump ) N 2 I =
f 1 laser N 0 L pump ( ( f 1 pump + f 2 pump ) / ( f 1 laser + f 2 laser ) ) ( Δ N laser I + f 1 laser N 0 L pump )
η abs = ( 1 exp ( σ pump Δ N pump I ) ) ( 1 + R pump exp ( σ pump Δ N pump I ) )
η quantum = λ pump / λ laser
η ext = ( 1 R ) / ( ( 1 R ) + L c ( R / ( 1 L c ) )
P th = ( h ν pump N 2 I ( π w p 2 / 2 ) / τ ) / ( η abs η c η overlap )
η slope = η abs η ext η c η overlap η quantum
P out = η slope ( P in P th )
Δ N pump = f 1 pump N 1 f 2 pump N 2 = N 1
Δ N laser = f 2 laser N 2 f 1 laser N 1 = f 2 laser N 2
C p ( T / t + ( V θ / r ) T / θ ) = k ( 1 / r / r ( r T / r ) ) + ( 1 / r 2 ) 2 T / θ 2 + 2 T / z 2 ) + Q
k = k d , ρ = ρ d , C p = C p , d and Q = heat dissipation from pumping
k = k g , ρ = ρ g , C p = C p , g and Q = 0
k = k HS , ρ = ρ HS , C p = C p , HS and Q = 0
k 2 T z 2 + Q . = 0
T / z = 0 at z = 0 ; and , k d T / z in disk = k g T / z in gas at z = t d / 2
P h = F eh ( 1 λ pump / λ laser ) η abs P in
V p = 4 π w p r p t d
Q = P h / V p
T = T HS + ( P h / V p ) t g t d / ( 2 k g ) + ( ( P h / V p ) / 8 k d ) ( t d 2 4 z 2 )
T max = T HS + ( P h / V p ) t g t d / ( 2 k g ) + ( P h / V p ) t d 2 / 8 k d )
T diff , max = ( P h / V p ) t d 2 / 8 k d
σ max = ( P h / V p ) t d 2 / 12 M s
t pump = 2 w p / ( 2 π r p ν rot )
Δ T pumped region = P h / ( π 2 w p t d r p C p ν rot )
f decay = exp ( t / τ lifetime )
2 w p , rot = 2 w p + 2 π r p ν rot τ lifetime
ν rot , max = w p / ( π r p τ lifetime )
A h ( rotary ) = 8 π w p r p
A h ( stationary ) = 2 π w p 2
S = A h ( rotary ) / A h ( stationary ) = 8 π w p r p / 2 π w p 2 = 4 r p / w p

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