Abstract

We report on a 2.3 m long air-clad ytterbium-doped large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber laser generating up to 80 W output power with a slope efficiency of 78%. Single transverse mode operation is achieved with a mode-field area of 350 µm2. No thermo-optical limitations are observed at the extracted ~35W/m, therefore such fibers allow scaling to even higher powers.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J.C. Knight, T.A. Birks, P.St.J. Russell, and D.M. Atkin, “All-silica single-mode fiber with photonic crystal cladding,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1547–1549 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. T.A. Birks, J.C. Knight, and P.St.J. Russell, “Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fibre,” Opt. Lett. 22, 961–963 (1997).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. J.K. Ranka, R.S. Windeler, and A.J. Stentz, “Optical properties of high-delta air silica microstructure optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25, 11, 796–798 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  4. W.J. Wadsworth, J.C. Knight, W.H. Reeves, and P.St.J. Russell, “Yb3+-doped photonic crystal fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1452–1453 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  5. E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B.C. McCollum, “Double Clad, Offset Core Nd Fiber Laser,” Optical Fiber Sensors Conference, New Orleans, 1988, PD5.
  6. K. Furusawa, A. Malinowski, J.H.V. Price, T.M. Monro, J.K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and D.J. Richardson, “Cladding pumped Ytterbium-doped fiber laser with holey inner and outer cladding,” Opt. Express 9, 714–720 (2001), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-9-13-714.
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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  11. J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, “Continuous-wave high-brightness fiber laser systems,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics 2003, postdeadline paper 1.
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2003 (2)

2001 (2)

2000 (2)

J.K. Ranka, R.S. Windeler, and A.J. Stentz, “Optical properties of high-delta air silica microstructure optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25, 11, 796–798 (2000).
[Crossref]

W.J. Wadsworth, J.C. Knight, W.H. Reeves, and P.St.J. Russell, “Yb3+-doped photonic crystal fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1452–1453 (2000).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

Agrawal, G.P.

G.P. Agrawal, “Nonlinear Fiber Optics,” (Academic, New York1995).

Atkin, D.M.

Birks, T.A.

Bouwmans, G.

Folkenberg, J.R.

Furusawa, K.

Gapontsev, D.V.

N.S. Platonov, D.V. Gapontsev, V.P. Gapontsev, and V. Shumilin, “135 W cw fiber laser with perfect single mode output”, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washighton, D.C., 2002), postdeadline paper CPDC3.

Gapontsev, V.P.

N.S. Platonov, D.V. Gapontsev, V.P. Gapontsev, and V. Shumilin, “135 W cw fiber laser with perfect single mode output”, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washighton, D.C., 2002), postdeadline paper CPDC3.

Hakimi, F.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B.C. McCollum, “Double Clad, Offset Core Nd Fiber Laser,” Optical Fiber Sensors Conference, New Orleans, 1988, PD5.

Joannopoulos, J. D.

Johnson, S. G.

Knight, J. C.

Knight, J.C.

W.J. Wadsworth, J.C. Knight, W.H. Reeves, and P.St.J. Russell, “Yb3+-doped photonic crystal fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1452–1453 (2000).
[Crossref]

T.A. Birks, J.C. Knight, and P.St.J. Russell, “Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fibre,” Opt. Lett. 22, 961–963 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.C. Knight, T.A. Birks, P.St.J. Russell, and D.M. Atkin, “All-silica single-mode fiber with photonic crystal cladding,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1547–1549 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. J. Wadsworth, J.C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Large mode area photonic crystal fibre laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2001, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper CWC1.

Liem, A.

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, “Continuous-wave high-brightness fiber laser systems,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics 2003, postdeadline paper 1.

Limpert, J.

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, “Continuous-wave high-brightness fiber laser systems,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics 2003, postdeadline paper 1.

Malinowski, A.

McCollum, B.C.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B.C. McCollum, “Double Clad, Offset Core Nd Fiber Laser,” Optical Fiber Sensors Conference, New Orleans, 1988, PD5.

Monro, T.M.

Mortensen, N.A.

Nielsen, M.D.

Nilsson, J.

Percival, R. M.

Petersson, A.

Platonov, N.S.

N.S. Platonov, D.V. Gapontsev, V.P. Gapontsev, and V. Shumilin, “135 W cw fiber laser with perfect single mode output”, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washighton, D.C., 2002), postdeadline paper CPDC3.

Po, H.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B.C. McCollum, “Double Clad, Offset Core Nd Fiber Laser,” Optical Fiber Sensors Conference, New Orleans, 1988, PD5.

Price, J.H.V.

Ranka, J.K.

Reeves, W.H.

W.J. Wadsworth, J.C. Knight, W.H. Reeves, and P.St.J. Russell, “Yb3+-doped photonic crystal fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1452–1453 (2000).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D.J.

Russell, P. S. J.

Russell, P. St. J.

W. J. Wadsworth, J.C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Large mode area photonic crystal fibre laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2001, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper CWC1.

Russell, P.St.J.

Sahu, J.K.

Shumilin, V.

N.S. Platonov, D.V. Gapontsev, V.P. Gapontsev, and V. Shumilin, “135 W cw fiber laser with perfect single mode output”, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washighton, D.C., 2002), postdeadline paper CPDC3.

Simonsen, H.R.

Snitzer, E.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B.C. McCollum, “Double Clad, Offset Core Nd Fiber Laser,” Optical Fiber Sensors Conference, New Orleans, 1988, PD5.

Stentz, A.J.

Tumminelli, R.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B.C. McCollum, “Double Clad, Offset Core Nd Fiber Laser,” Optical Fiber Sensors Conference, New Orleans, 1988, PD5.

Tünnermann, A.

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, “Continuous-wave high-brightness fiber laser systems,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics 2003, postdeadline paper 1.

Wadsworth, W. J.

W. J. Wadsworth, R. M. Percival, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “High power air-clad photonic crystal fibre laser,” Opt. Express 11, 48–53 (2003).http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-1-48.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. J. Wadsworth, J.C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Large mode area photonic crystal fibre laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2001, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper CWC1.

Wadsworth, W.J.

W.J. Wadsworth, J.C. Knight, W.H. Reeves, and P.St.J. Russell, “Yb3+-doped photonic crystal fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1452–1453 (2000).
[Crossref]

Windeler, R.S.

Zellmer, H.

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, “Continuous-wave high-brightness fiber laser systems,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics 2003, postdeadline paper 1.

Electron. Lett. (1)

W.J. Wadsworth, J.C. Knight, W.H. Reeves, and P.St.J. Russell, “Yb3+-doped photonic crystal fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1452–1453 (2000).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (5)

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B.C. McCollum, “Double Clad, Offset Core Nd Fiber Laser,” Optical Fiber Sensors Conference, New Orleans, 1988, PD5.

W. J. Wadsworth, J.C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Large mode area photonic crystal fibre laser,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2001, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper CWC1.

G.P. Agrawal, “Nonlinear Fiber Optics,” (Academic, New York1995).

N.S. Platonov, D.V. Gapontsev, V.P. Gapontsev, and V. Shumilin, “135 W cw fiber laser with perfect single mode output”, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washighton, D.C., 2002), postdeadline paper CPDC3.

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, “Continuous-wave high-brightness fiber laser systems,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics 2003, postdeadline paper 1.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Scanning electron microscope images of the air-clad ytterbium-doped large-mode-area fiber; (b) close-up of core region

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Calculated intensity distributions of the air-silica microstructured core without (a) and with doping (b), lines represent 2 dB differences in intensity

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Laser characteristics of the high power air-clad microstructure ytterbium-doped large-mode-area fiber

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measured intensity distribution of the emitted beam of the microstructure large-modearea fiber laser

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