Abstract

An all-solid microstructured fiber based on two thermally-matched silicate glasses with a high index contrast has been fabricated for the first time. The microstructured cladding was shown to be essentially unchanged during fiber drawing. Fiber attenuation was measured as 5dB/m at 1.55µm by the cutback method. High nonlinearity 230 W-1km-1 has been predicted and experimentally demonstrated in this fiber at 1.55µm. In addition, modeling predicts that near-zero dispersion can be achieved between 1.5–1.6µm in this class of high nonlinear fiber.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. T. A. Birks, P. J. Roberts, P. St. J. Russell, D. M. Atkin, and T. J. Shepherd, “Full 2-D photonic band gaps in silica/air structures,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1941–1942 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D.M. Atkin, “All-silica single-mode fiber with photonic crystal cladding,” Opt. Lett.21, 1547–1549 (1996); Errata, Opt. Lett. 22, 484–485 (1997).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers,” Science 282, 1476–1478 (1998).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537–1539 (1999).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. St. J. Russell, and J-P de Sandro, “Large mode area photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1347–1348 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  6. T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fibre,” Opt. Lett. 22, 961–963 (1997).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. T. M. Monro, D. J. Richardson, and N. G. R. Broderick, “Efficient modeling of holey fibers,” Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. No. FG3, San Diego, California21–26 Feb 1999.
  8. S. Coen, A. H. L. Chan, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “White-light supercontinuum generation with 60-ps pump pulses in a photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1356–1358 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  9. W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, “Soliton effects in photonic crystal fibers at 850nm,” Electron. Lett. 36, 53–55 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  10. J. H. Lee, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, P. Petropoulos, Z. Yusoff, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “Four-wave mixing based 10Gbit/s tunable wavelength conversion using a holey fiber with a high SBS threshold,” Photonics Technology Lett. 15, 440–442 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  11. A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, “Highly birefringent photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1325–1327 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  12. T. A. Birks, D. Mogilevtsev, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Dispersion compensation using single material fibers,” IEEE Phot. Tech. Lett. 11, 674–676 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  13. J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T.A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W.J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Phot. Tech. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  14. T. M. Monro, Y. D. West, D. W. Hewak, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, “Chalcogenide holey fibres,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1998–2000 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  15. T. M. Monro, K. M. Kiang, J. H. Lee, K. Frampton, Z. Yusoff, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, “High nonlinearity extruded single-mode holey optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Post deadline paper FA1, 1–3 OFC 2002 (2002).
  16. V. V. Ravi Kanth Kumar, A. K. George, W. H. Reeves, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, and A. J. Taylor, “Extruded soft glass photonic crystal fiber for ultrabroad supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 10, 1520–1525 (2002), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-25-1520.
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. P. Petropoulos, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Frampton, R. C. Moore, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, “Sliton-self-frequency-shift effects and pulse compression in an anomalously dispersive high nonlinearity lead silicate holey fiber,” Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. 2003, No. PD03 (Postdeadline), Atlanta 23–28 Mar 2003.
  18. C. Cryan, K. Tatah, and R. Strack, “Multi-component all glass photonic bandgap fiber,” US Patent No. US 6598428B1 (Date of Patent: Jul. 29, 2003).
  19. K. F. J. Heinrich, Electron Beam X-ray Microanalysis, (Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., 1981).
  20. B. T. Kuhlmey, T. P. White, R. C. McPhedran, D. Maystre, G. Renversez, C. M. de Sterke, and L. C. Botten, “Multipole method for microstructured optical fibers. II. Implementation and results,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2331–2340 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  21. H. Scholze, Glass: Nature, Structure and properties, (Springer-Verlag, 1991).
  22. X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, “Hydroxyl groups in erbium-doped germanotellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 281, 48–54 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  23. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, (Academic Press, Boston, 2001).
  24. D. N. Nikogosyan, Properties of Optical and Laser-related Materials: A Handbook, (John Wiley & Sons, 1997).
  25. A. Boskovic, S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and O. A. Levring, “Direct continuous-wave measurement of n2 in various types of telecommunication fiber at 1.55µm,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1966–1968 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. N. G. R. Broderick, T. M. Monro, P. J. Bennett, and D. J. Richardson, “Nonlinearity in holey optical fibers: measurement and future opportunities,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1395–1397 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  27. W. H. Reeves, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Demonstration of ultraflattened dispersion in photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 10, 609–613 (2002), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-14-609.
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

J. H. Lee, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, P. Petropoulos, Z. Yusoff, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “Four-wave mixing based 10Gbit/s tunable wavelength conversion using a holey fiber with a high SBS threshold,” Photonics Technology Lett. 15, 440–442 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (3)

2001 (2)

2000 (4)

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T.A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W.J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Phot. Tech. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000).
[Crossref]

T. M. Monro, Y. D. West, D. W. Hewak, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, “Chalcogenide holey fibres,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1998–2000 (2000).
[Crossref]

W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, “Soliton effects in photonic crystal fibers at 850nm,” Electron. Lett. 36, 53–55 (2000).
[Crossref]

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, “Highly birefringent photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1325–1327 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (3)

T. A. Birks, D. Mogilevtsev, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Dispersion compensation using single material fibers,” IEEE Phot. Tech. Lett. 11, 674–676 (1999).
[Crossref]

N. G. R. Broderick, T. M. Monro, P. J. Bennett, and D. J. Richardson, “Nonlinearity in holey optical fibers: measurement and future opportunities,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1395–1397 (1999).
[Crossref]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537–1539 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1998 (2)

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. St. J. Russell, and J-P de Sandro, “Large mode area photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1347–1348 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers,” Science 282, 1476–1478 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

T. A. Birks, P. J. Roberts, P. St. J. Russell, D. M. Atkin, and T. J. Shepherd, “Full 2-D photonic band gaps in silica/air structures,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1941–1942 (1995).
[Crossref]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, (Academic Press, Boston, 2001).

Allan, D. C.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537–1539 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arriaga, J.

W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, “Soliton effects in photonic crystal fibers at 850nm,” Electron. Lett. 36, 53–55 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T.A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W.J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Phot. Tech. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000).
[Crossref]

Atkin, D. M.

T. A. Birks, P. J. Roberts, P. St. J. Russell, D. M. Atkin, and T. J. Shepherd, “Full 2-D photonic band gaps in silica/air structures,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1941–1942 (1995).
[Crossref]

Atkin, D.M.

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D.M. Atkin, “All-silica single-mode fiber with photonic crystal cladding,” Opt. Lett.21, 1547–1549 (1996); Errata, Opt. Lett. 22, 484–485 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Belardi, W.

J. H. Lee, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, P. Petropoulos, Z. Yusoff, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “Four-wave mixing based 10Gbit/s tunable wavelength conversion using a holey fiber with a high SBS threshold,” Photonics Technology Lett. 15, 440–442 (2003).
[Crossref]

Bennett, P. J.

Birks, T. A.

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, “Highly birefringent photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1325–1327 (2000).
[Crossref]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537–1539 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. A. Birks, D. Mogilevtsev, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Dispersion compensation using single material fibers,” IEEE Phot. Tech. Lett. 11, 674–676 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers,” Science 282, 1476–1478 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. St. J. Russell, and J-P de Sandro, “Large mode area photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1347–1348 (1998).
[Crossref]

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fibre,” Opt. Lett. 22, 961–963 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. A. Birks, P. J. Roberts, P. St. J. Russell, D. M. Atkin, and T. J. Shepherd, “Full 2-D photonic band gaps in silica/air structures,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1941–1942 (1995).
[Crossref]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D.M. Atkin, “All-silica single-mode fiber with photonic crystal cladding,” Opt. Lett.21, 1547–1549 (1996); Errata, Opt. Lett. 22, 484–485 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Birks, T.A.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T.A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W.J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Phot. Tech. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000).
[Crossref]

Boskovic, A.

Botten, L. C.

Broderick, N. G. R.

T. M. Monro, Y. D. West, D. W. Hewak, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, “Chalcogenide holey fibres,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1998–2000 (2000).
[Crossref]

N. G. R. Broderick, T. M. Monro, P. J. Bennett, and D. J. Richardson, “Nonlinearity in holey optical fibers: measurement and future opportunities,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1395–1397 (1999).
[Crossref]

T. M. Monro, D. J. Richardson, and N. G. R. Broderick, “Efficient modeling of holey fibers,” Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. No. FG3, San Diego, California21–26 Feb 1999.

Broeng, J.

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers,” Science 282, 1476–1478 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chan, A. H. L.

Chernikov, S. V.

Coen, S.

Cregan, R. F.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537–1539 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. St. J. Russell, and J-P de Sandro, “Large mode area photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1347–1348 (1998).
[Crossref]

Cryan, C.

C. Cryan, K. Tatah, and R. Strack, “Multi-component all glass photonic bandgap fiber,” US Patent No. US 6598428B1 (Date of Patent: Jul. 29, 2003).

de Sandro, J-P

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. St. J. Russell, and J-P de Sandro, “Large mode area photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1347–1348 (1998).
[Crossref]

de Sterke, C. M.

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

P. Petropoulos, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Frampton, R. C. Moore, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, “Sliton-self-frequency-shift effects and pulse compression in an anomalously dispersive high nonlinearity lead silicate holey fiber,” Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. 2003, No. PD03 (Postdeadline), Atlanta 23–28 Mar 2003.

Feng, X.

X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, “Hydroxyl groups in erbium-doped germanotellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 281, 48–54 (2001).
[Crossref]

Frampton, K.

P. Petropoulos, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Frampton, R. C. Moore, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, “Sliton-self-frequency-shift effects and pulse compression in an anomalously dispersive high nonlinearity lead silicate holey fiber,” Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. 2003, No. PD03 (Postdeadline), Atlanta 23–28 Mar 2003.

T. M. Monro, K. M. Kiang, J. H. Lee, K. Frampton, Z. Yusoff, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, “High nonlinearity extruded single-mode holey optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Post deadline paper FA1, 1–3 OFC 2002 (2002).

Furusawa, K.

J. H. Lee, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, P. Petropoulos, Z. Yusoff, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “Four-wave mixing based 10Gbit/s tunable wavelength conversion using a holey fiber with a high SBS threshold,” Photonics Technology Lett. 15, 440–442 (2003).
[Crossref]

George, A. K.

Gruner-Nielsen, L.

Hanada, T.

X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, “Hydroxyl groups in erbium-doped germanotellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 281, 48–54 (2001).
[Crossref]

Harvey, J. D.

Heinrich, K. F. J.

K. F. J. Heinrich, Electron Beam X-ray Microanalysis, (Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., 1981).

Hewak, D. W.

T. M. Monro, Y. D. West, D. W. Hewak, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, “Chalcogenide holey fibres,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1998–2000 (2000).
[Crossref]

T. M. Monro, K. M. Kiang, J. H. Lee, K. Frampton, Z. Yusoff, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, “High nonlinearity extruded single-mode holey optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Post deadline paper FA1, 1–3 OFC 2002 (2002).

Kiang, K. M.

T. M. Monro, K. M. Kiang, J. H. Lee, K. Frampton, Z. Yusoff, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, “High nonlinearity extruded single-mode holey optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Post deadline paper FA1, 1–3 OFC 2002 (2002).

Knight, J. C.

W. H. Reeves, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Demonstration of ultraflattened dispersion in photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 10, 609–613 (2002), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-14-609.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. V. Ravi Kanth Kumar, A. K. George, W. H. Reeves, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, and A. J. Taylor, “Extruded soft glass photonic crystal fiber for ultrabroad supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 10, 1520–1525 (2002), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-25-1520.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Coen, A. H. L. Chan, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “White-light supercontinuum generation with 60-ps pump pulses in a photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1356–1358 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, “Highly birefringent photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1325–1327 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T.A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W.J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Phot. Tech. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000).
[Crossref]

W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, “Soliton effects in photonic crystal fibers at 850nm,” Electron. Lett. 36, 53–55 (2000).
[Crossref]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537–1539 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. A. Birks, D. Mogilevtsev, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Dispersion compensation using single material fibers,” IEEE Phot. Tech. Lett. 11, 674–676 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. St. J. Russell, and J-P de Sandro, “Large mode area photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1347–1348 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers,” Science 282, 1476–1478 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fibre,” Opt. Lett. 22, 961–963 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D.M. Atkin, “All-silica single-mode fiber with photonic crystal cladding,” Opt. Lett.21, 1547–1549 (1996); Errata, Opt. Lett. 22, 484–485 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuhlmey, B. T.

Kumar, V. V. Ravi Kanth

Lee, J. H.

J. H. Lee, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, P. Petropoulos, Z. Yusoff, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “Four-wave mixing based 10Gbit/s tunable wavelength conversion using a holey fiber with a high SBS threshold,” Photonics Technology Lett. 15, 440–442 (2003).
[Crossref]

T. M. Monro, K. M. Kiang, J. H. Lee, K. Frampton, Z. Yusoff, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, “High nonlinearity extruded single-mode holey optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Post deadline paper FA1, 1–3 OFC 2002 (2002).

Leonhardt, R.

Levring, O. A.

Mangan, B. J.

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, “Highly birefringent photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1325–1327 (2000).
[Crossref]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537–1539 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maystre, D.

McPhedran, R. C.

Mogilevtsev, D.

T. A. Birks, D. Mogilevtsev, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Dispersion compensation using single material fibers,” IEEE Phot. Tech. Lett. 11, 674–676 (1999).
[Crossref]

Monro, T. M.

J. H. Lee, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, P. Petropoulos, Z. Yusoff, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “Four-wave mixing based 10Gbit/s tunable wavelength conversion using a holey fiber with a high SBS threshold,” Photonics Technology Lett. 15, 440–442 (2003).
[Crossref]

T. M. Monro, Y. D. West, D. W. Hewak, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, “Chalcogenide holey fibres,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1998–2000 (2000).
[Crossref]

N. G. R. Broderick, T. M. Monro, P. J. Bennett, and D. J. Richardson, “Nonlinearity in holey optical fibers: measurement and future opportunities,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1395–1397 (1999).
[Crossref]

T. M. Monro, D. J. Richardson, and N. G. R. Broderick, “Efficient modeling of holey fibers,” Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. No. FG3, San Diego, California21–26 Feb 1999.

P. Petropoulos, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Frampton, R. C. Moore, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, “Sliton-self-frequency-shift effects and pulse compression in an anomalously dispersive high nonlinearity lead silicate holey fiber,” Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. 2003, No. PD03 (Postdeadline), Atlanta 23–28 Mar 2003.

T. M. Monro, K. M. Kiang, J. H. Lee, K. Frampton, Z. Yusoff, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, “High nonlinearity extruded single-mode holey optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Post deadline paper FA1, 1–3 OFC 2002 (2002).

Moore, R.

T. M. Monro, K. M. Kiang, J. H. Lee, K. Frampton, Z. Yusoff, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, “High nonlinearity extruded single-mode holey optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Post deadline paper FA1, 1–3 OFC 2002 (2002).

Moore, R. C.

P. Petropoulos, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Frampton, R. C. Moore, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, “Sliton-self-frequency-shift effects and pulse compression in an anomalously dispersive high nonlinearity lead silicate holey fiber,” Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. 2003, No. PD03 (Postdeadline), Atlanta 23–28 Mar 2003.

Nikogosyan, D. N.

D. N. Nikogosyan, Properties of Optical and Laser-related Materials: A Handbook, (John Wiley & Sons, 1997).

Omenetto, F. G.

Ortigosa-Blanch, A.

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, “Highly birefringent photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1325–1327 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T.A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W.J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Phot. Tech. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000).
[Crossref]

W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, “Soliton effects in photonic crystal fibers at 850nm,” Electron. Lett. 36, 53–55 (2000).
[Crossref]

Petropoulos, P.

J. H. Lee, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, P. Petropoulos, Z. Yusoff, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “Four-wave mixing based 10Gbit/s tunable wavelength conversion using a holey fiber with a high SBS threshold,” Photonics Technology Lett. 15, 440–442 (2003).
[Crossref]

P. Petropoulos, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Frampton, R. C. Moore, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, “Sliton-self-frequency-shift effects and pulse compression in an anomalously dispersive high nonlinearity lead silicate holey fiber,” Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. 2003, No. PD03 (Postdeadline), Atlanta 23–28 Mar 2003.

Reeves, W. H.

Renversez, G.

Richardson, D. J.

J. H. Lee, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, P. Petropoulos, Z. Yusoff, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “Four-wave mixing based 10Gbit/s tunable wavelength conversion using a holey fiber with a high SBS threshold,” Photonics Technology Lett. 15, 440–442 (2003).
[Crossref]

T. M. Monro, Y. D. West, D. W. Hewak, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, “Chalcogenide holey fibres,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1998–2000 (2000).
[Crossref]

N. G. R. Broderick, T. M. Monro, P. J. Bennett, and D. J. Richardson, “Nonlinearity in holey optical fibers: measurement and future opportunities,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1395–1397 (1999).
[Crossref]

T. M. Monro, K. M. Kiang, J. H. Lee, K. Frampton, Z. Yusoff, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, “High nonlinearity extruded single-mode holey optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Post deadline paper FA1, 1–3 OFC 2002 (2002).

P. Petropoulos, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Frampton, R. C. Moore, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, “Sliton-self-frequency-shift effects and pulse compression in an anomalously dispersive high nonlinearity lead silicate holey fiber,” Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. 2003, No. PD03 (Postdeadline), Atlanta 23–28 Mar 2003.

T. M. Monro, D. J. Richardson, and N. G. R. Broderick, “Efficient modeling of holey fibers,” Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. No. FG3, San Diego, California21–26 Feb 1999.

Roberts, P. J.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537–1539 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. A. Birks, P. J. Roberts, P. St. J. Russell, D. M. Atkin, and T. J. Shepherd, “Full 2-D photonic band gaps in silica/air structures,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1941–1942 (1995).
[Crossref]

Russell, P. St. J.

W. H. Reeves, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Demonstration of ultraflattened dispersion in photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 10, 609–613 (2002), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-14-609.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. V. Ravi Kanth Kumar, A. K. George, W. H. Reeves, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, and A. J. Taylor, “Extruded soft glass photonic crystal fiber for ultrabroad supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 10, 1520–1525 (2002), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-10-25-1520.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Coen, A. H. L. Chan, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “White-light supercontinuum generation with 60-ps pump pulses in a photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1356–1358 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, “Highly birefringent photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1325–1327 (2000).
[Crossref]

W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, “Soliton effects in photonic crystal fibers at 850nm,” Electron. Lett. 36, 53–55 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T.A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W.J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Phot. Tech. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000).
[Crossref]

T. A. Birks, D. Mogilevtsev, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Dispersion compensation using single material fibers,” IEEE Phot. Tech. Lett. 11, 674–676 (1999).
[Crossref]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537–1539 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers,” Science 282, 1476–1478 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. St. J. Russell, and J-P de Sandro, “Large mode area photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1347–1348 (1998).
[Crossref]

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fibre,” Opt. Lett. 22, 961–963 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. A. Birks, P. J. Roberts, P. St. J. Russell, D. M. Atkin, and T. J. Shepherd, “Full 2-D photonic band gaps in silica/air structures,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1941–1942 (1995).
[Crossref]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D.M. Atkin, “All-silica single-mode fiber with photonic crystal cladding,” Opt. Lett.21, 1547–1549 (1996); Errata, Opt. Lett. 22, 484–485 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rutt, H. N.

P. Petropoulos, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Frampton, R. C. Moore, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, “Sliton-self-frequency-shift effects and pulse compression in an anomalously dispersive high nonlinearity lead silicate holey fiber,” Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. 2003, No. PD03 (Postdeadline), Atlanta 23–28 Mar 2003.

T. M. Monro, K. M. Kiang, J. H. Lee, K. Frampton, Z. Yusoff, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, “High nonlinearity extruded single-mode holey optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Post deadline paper FA1, 1–3 OFC 2002 (2002).

Scholze, H.

H. Scholze, Glass: Nature, Structure and properties, (Springer-Verlag, 1991).

Shepherd, T. J.

T. A. Birks, P. J. Roberts, P. St. J. Russell, D. M. Atkin, and T. J. Shepherd, “Full 2-D photonic band gaps in silica/air structures,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1941–1942 (1995).
[Crossref]

Silvestre, E.

W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, “Soliton effects in photonic crystal fibers at 850nm,” Electron. Lett. 36, 53–55 (2000).
[Crossref]

Strack, R.

C. Cryan, K. Tatah, and R. Strack, “Multi-component all glass photonic bandgap fiber,” US Patent No. US 6598428B1 (Date of Patent: Jul. 29, 2003).

Tanabe, S.

X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, “Hydroxyl groups in erbium-doped germanotellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 281, 48–54 (2001).
[Crossref]

Tatah, K.

C. Cryan, K. Tatah, and R. Strack, “Multi-component all glass photonic bandgap fiber,” US Patent No. US 6598428B1 (Date of Patent: Jul. 29, 2003).

Taylor, A. J.

Taylor, J. R.

Tucknott, J.

T. M. Monro, K. M. Kiang, J. H. Lee, K. Frampton, Z. Yusoff, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, “High nonlinearity extruded single-mode holey optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Post deadline paper FA1, 1–3 OFC 2002 (2002).

Wadsworth, W. J.

Wadsworth, W.J.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T.A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W.J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Phot. Tech. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000).
[Crossref]

West, Y. D.

T. M. Monro, Y. D. West, D. W. Hewak, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, “Chalcogenide holey fibres,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1998–2000 (2000).
[Crossref]

White, T. P.

Yusoff, Z.

J. H. Lee, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, P. Petropoulos, Z. Yusoff, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “Four-wave mixing based 10Gbit/s tunable wavelength conversion using a holey fiber with a high SBS threshold,” Photonics Technology Lett. 15, 440–442 (2003).
[Crossref]

T. M. Monro, K. M. Kiang, J. H. Lee, K. Frampton, Z. Yusoff, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, “High nonlinearity extruded single-mode holey optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Post deadline paper FA1, 1–3 OFC 2002 (2002).

Electron. Lett. (4)

T. A. Birks, P. J. Roberts, P. St. J. Russell, D. M. Atkin, and T. J. Shepherd, “Full 2-D photonic band gaps in silica/air structures,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1941–1942 (1995).
[Crossref]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. St. J. Russell, and J-P de Sandro, “Large mode area photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1347–1348 (1998).
[Crossref]

W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, “Soliton effects in photonic crystal fibers at 850nm,” Electron. Lett. 36, 53–55 (2000).
[Crossref]

T. M. Monro, Y. D. West, D. W. Hewak, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, “Chalcogenide holey fibres,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1998–2000 (2000).
[Crossref]

IEEE Phot. Tech. Lett. (2)

T. A. Birks, D. Mogilevtsev, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Dispersion compensation using single material fibers,” IEEE Phot. Tech. Lett. 11, 674–676 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T.A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W.J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Phot. Tech. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, “Hydroxyl groups in erbium-doped germanotellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 281, 48–54 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Photonics Technology Lett. (1)

J. H. Lee, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, P. Petropoulos, Z. Yusoff, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “Four-wave mixing based 10Gbit/s tunable wavelength conversion using a holey fiber with a high SBS threshold,” Photonics Technology Lett. 15, 440–442 (2003).
[Crossref]

Science (2)

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers,” Science 282, 1476–1478 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537–1539 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (9)

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D.M. Atkin, “All-silica single-mode fiber with photonic crystal cladding,” Opt. Lett.21, 1547–1549 (1996); Errata, Opt. Lett. 22, 484–485 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. M. Monro, D. J. Richardson, and N. G. R. Broderick, “Efficient modeling of holey fibers,” Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. No. FG3, San Diego, California21–26 Feb 1999.

P. Petropoulos, T. M. Monro, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Frampton, R. C. Moore, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, “Sliton-self-frequency-shift effects and pulse compression in an anomalously dispersive high nonlinearity lead silicate holey fiber,” Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. 2003, No. PD03 (Postdeadline), Atlanta 23–28 Mar 2003.

C. Cryan, K. Tatah, and R. Strack, “Multi-component all glass photonic bandgap fiber,” US Patent No. US 6598428B1 (Date of Patent: Jul. 29, 2003).

K. F. J. Heinrich, Electron Beam X-ray Microanalysis, (Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., 1981).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, (Academic Press, Boston, 2001).

D. N. Nikogosyan, Properties of Optical and Laser-related Materials: A Handbook, (John Wiley & Sons, 1997).

H. Scholze, Glass: Nature, Structure and properties, (Springer-Verlag, 1991).

T. M. Monro, K. M. Kiang, J. H. Lee, K. Frampton, Z. Yusoff, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, “High nonlinearity extruded single-mode holey optical fibers,” Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Post deadline paper FA1, 1–3 OFC 2002 (2002).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Comparison of SEM photos of 220 µm diameter SOHO fiber by adjusting accelerating voltage (EHT) (a) whole view (scale bar: 100µm), EHT = 2.72 kV, (b) zoomed center view (scale bar: 20µm), EHT = 2.72 kV; (c) whole view (scale bar: 100µm), EHT = 22.00 kV, (d) zoomed center view (scale bar: 2µm), EHT = 22.00 kV.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

SEM photos of microstructured cladding in (a) the 1mm cane inserted into jacket tube before fiber drawing, (b) 440µm OD fiber with Λ=4µm and (c) 220µm OD fiber with of Λ=2µm. (EHT = 22.00 kV)

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Calculated confinement losses of B1/H1 based SOHO fiber as a function of the number of hexagonal packed rings and their diameter to spacing ratio d/Λ with Λ=4µm at 1.55µm; (b) measured propagation attenuation of (1) unclad 250µm B1 fiber, (2) 440µm B1/H1 SOHO fiber, (3) 220 µm B1/H1 SOHO fiber. Measurement errors are plotted.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Effective nonlinearity of SOHO fiber (left: calculated for a range of simple step-index fiber designs, right: measured relationship between nonlinear phase shift and the input laser power at 1.55µm)

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Prediction of GVD of a range of B1/H1 SOHO fibers made using a full-vector implementation of the orthogonal function method [7]. The material dispersions of both B1 and H1 materials have been included ab initio in these predictions.

Metrics