Abstract

We describe an Er3+-doped aluminosilicate core photonic crystal fibre laser incorporating distributed Bragg reflectors written by two-photon 193nm irradiation through an optical phase mask as the feedback elements. The laser is diode pumped at 980nm and evidence of dual linewidth laser operation close to threshold is observed. However, at higher pumping levels gain competition preferentially selects one laser line.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Distributed feedback photonic crystal fibre (DFB-PCF) laser

Nathaniel Groothoff, John Canning, Tom Ryan, Katja Lyytikainen, and Hugh Inglis
Opt. Express 13(8) 2924-2930 (2005)

Ultra-short wavelength operation of a thulium fibre laser in the 1660–1750 nm wavelength band

J. M. O. Daniel, N. Simakov, M. Tokurakawa, M. Ibsen, and W. A. Clarkson
Opt. Express 23(14) 18269-18276 (2015)

Highly efficient Raman distributed feedback fibre lasers

Jindan Shi, Shaif-ul Alam, and Morten Ibsen
Opt. Express 20(5) 5082-5091 (2012)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D.P. Gapontsev, Presentation on High Power Fibre Lasers from IPG Photonics Corporation at LEAP Pavilion, Exhibit Hall, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2003), Baltimore, USA, (2003)
  2. K.P. Koo and A.D. Kersey, “Bragg grating-based laser sensor systems with interferometric interrogation and wavelength division multiplexing,” J. Lightwave Tech. 13, 1243–1249, (1995)
    [Crossref]
  3. A. Asseh, H. Storoy, J.T. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, “10 cm Yb3+ DFB fibre laser with permanent phase shifted grating,” Electron. Lett. 31, (12), 969–970, (1995)
    [Crossref]
  4. D. Stepanov, J. Canning, L. Poladian, R. Wyatt, G. Maxwell, R. Smith, and R. Kashyap, “Apodised distributed-feedback fibre laser,” Opt. Fiber Tech. 5, 209–214, (1999)
    [Crossref]
  5. D. Yu. Stepanov, J. Canning, I. Basset, and G.J. Cowle, “Distributed Feedback Ring All-Fibre Laser”, Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (TOPS) Vol.1, 291–295 (Optical Society of America, Washington D.C. USA), (1996)
  6. E. Affolter and F.K. Kneubuhl, “Corrugated waveguide structure for distributed-feedback submillimeter-wave lasers,” Phys. Lett. 58A, 91–92, (1976)
  7. H.P. Preiswerk, G. Kuttel, and F.K. Kneubuhl, “Helical distributed feedback gas laser,” Phys. Lett. 93A, 15–17, (1982)
  8. A. Michie and J. Canning, “Properties of a twisted DFB fibre laser”, Post-deadline paper, Proceedings of Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (ACOFT 2002), Darling Harbor Sydney, Australia, (2002); see patent: J. Canning, A. Michie, “Helical feedback laser operation in a linear DFB laser,” PS2846
  9. N. Groothoff, J. Canning, K. Lyytikainen, and J. Zagari, “Gratings in air-silica structured fibre,” Opt. Lett. 28, 233–235, (2003)
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. W. J. Wadsworth, R. M. Percival, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “High power air-clad photonic crystal fibre laser,” Opt. Express 11, 48–53, (2003)
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, J. Broeng, G. Vienne, A. Petersson, and C. Jakobsen, “High-power air-clad large-mode-area photonic crystal fibre laser,” Opt. Express 11, 818–823, (2003)
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. J. Canning, M.G. Sceats, H.G. Inglis, and P. Hill, “Transient and permanent gratings in phosphosilicate optical fibres produced by the flash condensation technique,” Opt. Lett. 20, 2189–2191, (1995)
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. J. Canning and P-F. Hu, “UV-induced losses in irradiated photo-hypersensitised optical fibres”, In Press, Opt. & Las. In Eng., (2002)
  14. J. Canning, “Contemporary Thoughts on Glass Photosensitivity and their Practical Application,” Materials Forum 25, 60–87, (2001)

2003 (3)

2001 (1)

J. Canning, “Contemporary Thoughts on Glass Photosensitivity and their Practical Application,” Materials Forum 25, 60–87, (2001)

1999 (1)

D. Stepanov, J. Canning, L. Poladian, R. Wyatt, G. Maxwell, R. Smith, and R. Kashyap, “Apodised distributed-feedback fibre laser,” Opt. Fiber Tech. 5, 209–214, (1999)
[Crossref]

1995 (3)

K.P. Koo and A.D. Kersey, “Bragg grating-based laser sensor systems with interferometric interrogation and wavelength division multiplexing,” J. Lightwave Tech. 13, 1243–1249, (1995)
[Crossref]

A. Asseh, H. Storoy, J.T. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, “10 cm Yb3+ DFB fibre laser with permanent phase shifted grating,” Electron. Lett. 31, (12), 969–970, (1995)
[Crossref]

J. Canning, M.G. Sceats, H.G. Inglis, and P. Hill, “Transient and permanent gratings in phosphosilicate optical fibres produced by the flash condensation technique,” Opt. Lett. 20, 2189–2191, (1995)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1982 (1)

H.P. Preiswerk, G. Kuttel, and F.K. Kneubuhl, “Helical distributed feedback gas laser,” Phys. Lett. 93A, 15–17, (1982)

1976 (1)

E. Affolter and F.K. Kneubuhl, “Corrugated waveguide structure for distributed-feedback submillimeter-wave lasers,” Phys. Lett. 58A, 91–92, (1976)

Affolter, E.

E. Affolter and F.K. Kneubuhl, “Corrugated waveguide structure for distributed-feedback submillimeter-wave lasers,” Phys. Lett. 58A, 91–92, (1976)

Asseh, A.

A. Asseh, H. Storoy, J.T. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, “10 cm Yb3+ DFB fibre laser with permanent phase shifted grating,” Electron. Lett. 31, (12), 969–970, (1995)
[Crossref]

Basset, I.

D. Yu. Stepanov, J. Canning, I. Basset, and G.J. Cowle, “Distributed Feedback Ring All-Fibre Laser”, Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (TOPS) Vol.1, 291–295 (Optical Society of America, Washington D.C. USA), (1996)

Bouwmans, G.

Broeng, J.

Canning, J.

N. Groothoff, J. Canning, K. Lyytikainen, and J. Zagari, “Gratings in air-silica structured fibre,” Opt. Lett. 28, 233–235, (2003)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Canning, “Contemporary Thoughts on Glass Photosensitivity and their Practical Application,” Materials Forum 25, 60–87, (2001)

D. Stepanov, J. Canning, L. Poladian, R. Wyatt, G. Maxwell, R. Smith, and R. Kashyap, “Apodised distributed-feedback fibre laser,” Opt. Fiber Tech. 5, 209–214, (1999)
[Crossref]

J. Canning, M.G. Sceats, H.G. Inglis, and P. Hill, “Transient and permanent gratings in phosphosilicate optical fibres produced by the flash condensation technique,” Opt. Lett. 20, 2189–2191, (1995)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Michie and J. Canning, “Properties of a twisted DFB fibre laser”, Post-deadline paper, Proceedings of Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (ACOFT 2002), Darling Harbor Sydney, Australia, (2002); see patent: J. Canning, A. Michie, “Helical feedback laser operation in a linear DFB laser,” PS2846

J. Canning and P-F. Hu, “UV-induced losses in irradiated photo-hypersensitised optical fibres”, In Press, Opt. & Las. In Eng., (2002)

D. Yu. Stepanov, J. Canning, I. Basset, and G.J. Cowle, “Distributed Feedback Ring All-Fibre Laser”, Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (TOPS) Vol.1, 291–295 (Optical Society of America, Washington D.C. USA), (1996)

Cowle, G.J.

D. Yu. Stepanov, J. Canning, I. Basset, and G.J. Cowle, “Distributed Feedback Ring All-Fibre Laser”, Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (TOPS) Vol.1, 291–295 (Optical Society of America, Washington D.C. USA), (1996)

Edwall, G.

A. Asseh, H. Storoy, J.T. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, “10 cm Yb3+ DFB fibre laser with permanent phase shifted grating,” Electron. Lett. 31, (12), 969–970, (1995)
[Crossref]

Gapontsev, D.P.

D.P. Gapontsev, Presentation on High Power Fibre Lasers from IPG Photonics Corporation at LEAP Pavilion, Exhibit Hall, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2003), Baltimore, USA, (2003)

Groothoff, N.

Hill, P.

Hu, P-F.

J. Canning and P-F. Hu, “UV-induced losses in irradiated photo-hypersensitised optical fibres”, In Press, Opt. & Las. In Eng., (2002)

Iliew, R.

Inglis, H.G.

Jakobsen, C.

Kashyap, R.

D. Stepanov, J. Canning, L. Poladian, R. Wyatt, G. Maxwell, R. Smith, and R. Kashyap, “Apodised distributed-feedback fibre laser,” Opt. Fiber Tech. 5, 209–214, (1999)
[Crossref]

Kersey, A.D.

K.P. Koo and A.D. Kersey, “Bragg grating-based laser sensor systems with interferometric interrogation and wavelength division multiplexing,” J. Lightwave Tech. 13, 1243–1249, (1995)
[Crossref]

Kneubuhl, F.K.

H.P. Preiswerk, G. Kuttel, and F.K. Kneubuhl, “Helical distributed feedback gas laser,” Phys. Lett. 93A, 15–17, (1982)

E. Affolter and F.K. Kneubuhl, “Corrugated waveguide structure for distributed-feedback submillimeter-wave lasers,” Phys. Lett. 58A, 91–92, (1976)

Knight, J. C.

Koo, K.P.

K.P. Koo and A.D. Kersey, “Bragg grating-based laser sensor systems with interferometric interrogation and wavelength division multiplexing,” J. Lightwave Tech. 13, 1243–1249, (1995)
[Crossref]

Kringlebotn, J.T.

A. Asseh, H. Storoy, J.T. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, “10 cm Yb3+ DFB fibre laser with permanent phase shifted grating,” Electron. Lett. 31, (12), 969–970, (1995)
[Crossref]

Kuttel, G.

H.P. Preiswerk, G. Kuttel, and F.K. Kneubuhl, “Helical distributed feedback gas laser,” Phys. Lett. 93A, 15–17, (1982)

Lederer, F.

Limpert, J.

Lyytikainen, K.

Margulis, W.

A. Asseh, H. Storoy, J.T. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, “10 cm Yb3+ DFB fibre laser with permanent phase shifted grating,” Electron. Lett. 31, (12), 969–970, (1995)
[Crossref]

Maxwell, G.

D. Stepanov, J. Canning, L. Poladian, R. Wyatt, G. Maxwell, R. Smith, and R. Kashyap, “Apodised distributed-feedback fibre laser,” Opt. Fiber Tech. 5, 209–214, (1999)
[Crossref]

Michie, A.

A. Michie and J. Canning, “Properties of a twisted DFB fibre laser”, Post-deadline paper, Proceedings of Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (ACOFT 2002), Darling Harbor Sydney, Australia, (2002); see patent: J. Canning, A. Michie, “Helical feedback laser operation in a linear DFB laser,” PS2846

Nolte, S.

Percival, R. M.

Petersson, A.

Poladian, L.

D. Stepanov, J. Canning, L. Poladian, R. Wyatt, G. Maxwell, R. Smith, and R. Kashyap, “Apodised distributed-feedback fibre laser,” Opt. Fiber Tech. 5, 209–214, (1999)
[Crossref]

Preiswerk, H.P.

H.P. Preiswerk, G. Kuttel, and F.K. Kneubuhl, “Helical distributed feedback gas laser,” Phys. Lett. 93A, 15–17, (1982)

Russell, P. St. J.

Sahlgren, B.

A. Asseh, H. Storoy, J.T. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, “10 cm Yb3+ DFB fibre laser with permanent phase shifted grating,” Electron. Lett. 31, (12), 969–970, (1995)
[Crossref]

Sandgren, S.

A. Asseh, H. Storoy, J.T. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, “10 cm Yb3+ DFB fibre laser with permanent phase shifted grating,” Electron. Lett. 31, (12), 969–970, (1995)
[Crossref]

Sceats, M.G.

Schreiber, T.

Smith, R.

D. Stepanov, J. Canning, L. Poladian, R. Wyatt, G. Maxwell, R. Smith, and R. Kashyap, “Apodised distributed-feedback fibre laser,” Opt. Fiber Tech. 5, 209–214, (1999)
[Crossref]

Stepanov, D.

D. Stepanov, J. Canning, L. Poladian, R. Wyatt, G. Maxwell, R. Smith, and R. Kashyap, “Apodised distributed-feedback fibre laser,” Opt. Fiber Tech. 5, 209–214, (1999)
[Crossref]

Stepanov, D. Yu.

D. Yu. Stepanov, J. Canning, I. Basset, and G.J. Cowle, “Distributed Feedback Ring All-Fibre Laser”, Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (TOPS) Vol.1, 291–295 (Optical Society of America, Washington D.C. USA), (1996)

Storoy, H.

A. Asseh, H. Storoy, J.T. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, “10 cm Yb3+ DFB fibre laser with permanent phase shifted grating,” Electron. Lett. 31, (12), 969–970, (1995)
[Crossref]

Stubbe, R.

A. Asseh, H. Storoy, J.T. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, “10 cm Yb3+ DFB fibre laser with permanent phase shifted grating,” Electron. Lett. 31, (12), 969–970, (1995)
[Crossref]

Tünnermann, A.

Vienne, G.

Wadsworth, W. J.

Wyatt, R.

D. Stepanov, J. Canning, L. Poladian, R. Wyatt, G. Maxwell, R. Smith, and R. Kashyap, “Apodised distributed-feedback fibre laser,” Opt. Fiber Tech. 5, 209–214, (1999)
[Crossref]

Zagari, J.

Zellmer, H.

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. Asseh, H. Storoy, J.T. Kringlebotn, W. Margulis, B. Sahlgren, S. Sandgren, R. Stubbe, and G. Edwall, “10 cm Yb3+ DFB fibre laser with permanent phase shifted grating,” Electron. Lett. 31, (12), 969–970, (1995)
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Tech. (1)

K.P. Koo and A.D. Kersey, “Bragg grating-based laser sensor systems with interferometric interrogation and wavelength division multiplexing,” J. Lightwave Tech. 13, 1243–1249, (1995)
[Crossref]

Materials Forum (1)

J. Canning, “Contemporary Thoughts on Glass Photosensitivity and their Practical Application,” Materials Forum 25, 60–87, (2001)

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Fiber Tech. (1)

D. Stepanov, J. Canning, L. Poladian, R. Wyatt, G. Maxwell, R. Smith, and R. Kashyap, “Apodised distributed-feedback fibre laser,” Opt. Fiber Tech. 5, 209–214, (1999)
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Lett. (2)

E. Affolter and F.K. Kneubuhl, “Corrugated waveguide structure for distributed-feedback submillimeter-wave lasers,” Phys. Lett. 58A, 91–92, (1976)

H.P. Preiswerk, G. Kuttel, and F.K. Kneubuhl, “Helical distributed feedback gas laser,” Phys. Lett. 93A, 15–17, (1982)

Other (4)

A. Michie and J. Canning, “Properties of a twisted DFB fibre laser”, Post-deadline paper, Proceedings of Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (ACOFT 2002), Darling Harbor Sydney, Australia, (2002); see patent: J. Canning, A. Michie, “Helical feedback laser operation in a linear DFB laser,” PS2846

J. Canning and P-F. Hu, “UV-induced losses in irradiated photo-hypersensitised optical fibres”, In Press, Opt. & Las. In Eng., (2002)

D. Yu. Stepanov, J. Canning, I. Basset, and G.J. Cowle, “Distributed Feedback Ring All-Fibre Laser”, Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (TOPS) Vol.1, 291–295 (Optical Society of America, Washington D.C. USA), (1996)

D.P. Gapontsev, Presentation on High Power Fibre Lasers from IPG Photonics Corporation at LEAP Pavilion, Exhibit Hall, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2003), Baltimore, USA, (2003)

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Relative Index step from pure silica of preform core.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

White light transmission micrographs of cleaved 100µm diameter Er3+aluminosilicate-core photonic crystal fibre. On the right hand side is a greater magnification of the core region.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Gain per unit length of Er3+-doped aluminosilicate core photonic crystal fibre as a function of wavelength.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Typical characteristic grating growth curves for grating in Er3+-doped aluminosilicate core photonic crystal fibre. Grating strength as a function of fluence is shown on the left and

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Typical spectra of gratings in Er3+doped aluminosilicate core photonic crystal fibre used as laser feedback elements.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Transmission spectra of distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) resonator.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Schematic example of all-fibre laser configuration employed.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Evolution of the lasing signal as the pump power is ramped up. The onset of two primary lasing modes is observed-one at a significantly lower threshold than the other.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Characteristic laser curve for the photonic crystal fibre DBR laser.

Metrics