Abstract

A new structure for bit synchronization in a tera-bit/s optical interconnection network has been designed using micro-electro-mechanical system (MEMS) technique. Link multiplexing has been adopted to reduce data packet communication latency. To eliminate link set-up time, adjustable optical delay lines (AODLs) have been adopted to shift the phases of the distributed optical clock signals for bit synchronization. By changing the optical path distance of the optical clock signal, the phase of the clock signal can be shifted at a very high resolution. A phase-shift resolution of 0.1 ps can be easily achieved with 30-μm alternation of the optical path length in vacuum.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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References

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2002 (1)

Yongqi Fu and Ngoi Kok Ann Bryan, “A novel one step integration of edge-emitting laser diode with micro-elliptical lens using focused ion beam direct deposition,” IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing,  15, 2–8 (2002)
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

2000 (3)

B T Meggitt, C J Hall, and K Weir, “An all fibre white light interferometric strain measurement system,” Sensors and Actuators,  9, 1–7 (2000)

N. Collings, W. A. Crossland, T. D. Wilkinson, R. W. A. Scarr, and T. J. Hall, “Packet Switching Network Based on Optical Fan-in,” in Optics in Computing’ 2000, Roger A. Lessard and Tigran Galstian, eds , Proc. SPIE,  4089, 550–554 (2000)
[Crossref]

Wencai Jing, Jindong Tian, Ge Zhou, Yimo Zhang, Wei Liu, and Xun Zhang, “Design of scalable optical interconnection network using wavelength division multiplexing,” in Optoelectronic Interconnects VII, Michael R. Feldman, Richard L. Li, W. Brian Matkin, and Suning Tang, eds., Proc. SPIE,  3952, 178–187 (2000)
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

S D Dyer and K B Rochford, “Low-coherence interferometric measurements of fibre Bragg grating dispersion,” Electron. Lett,  35, 1485–1486 (1999)
[Crossref]

1998 (3)

Nicholas Madamopoulos and Nabeel A. Riza, “Adaptable-delay balanced-loss binary photonic delay line architectures using polarization switching,” Opt. Commun.,  152, 135–143 (1998)
[Crossref]

Nabeel A Riza, “Acousto-optically switched optical delay lines,” Opt. Commun.,  145, 15–20 (1998)
[Crossref]

Vincent W. S. Chan, Katherine L. Hall, Eytan Modiano, and Kristin A. Rauschenbach, “Architectures and Technologies for High-Speed Optical Data Networks,” Journal of Lightwave Technology,  16, 2146–2168 (1998)
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

B Paillassa, “The client/server way to interconnect high-speed LANs,” Comp. Commun.,  20, 649–661 (1997)
[Crossref]

Chan, Vincent W. S.

Vincent W. S. Chan, Katherine L. Hall, Eytan Modiano, and Kristin A. Rauschenbach, “Architectures and Technologies for High-Speed Optical Data Networks,” Journal of Lightwave Technology,  16, 2146–2168 (1998)
[Crossref]

Collings, N.

N. Collings, W. A. Crossland, T. D. Wilkinson, R. W. A. Scarr, and T. J. Hall, “Packet Switching Network Based on Optical Fan-in,” in Optics in Computing’ 2000, Roger A. Lessard and Tigran Galstian, eds , Proc. SPIE,  4089, 550–554 (2000)
[Crossref]

Crossland, W. A.

N. Collings, W. A. Crossland, T. D. Wilkinson, R. W. A. Scarr, and T. J. Hall, “Packet Switching Network Based on Optical Fan-in,” in Optics in Computing’ 2000, Roger A. Lessard and Tigran Galstian, eds , Proc. SPIE,  4089, 550–554 (2000)
[Crossref]

Dyer, S D

S D Dyer and K B Rochford, “Low-coherence interferometric measurements of fibre Bragg grating dispersion,” Electron. Lett,  35, 1485–1486 (1999)
[Crossref]

Fu, Yongqi

Yongqi Fu and Ngoi Kok Ann Bryan, “A novel one step integration of edge-emitting laser diode with micro-elliptical lens using focused ion beam direct deposition,” IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing,  15, 2–8 (2002)
[Crossref]

Glesk, Ivan

Hall, C J

B T Meggitt, C J Hall, and K Weir, “An all fibre white light interferometric strain measurement system,” Sensors and Actuators,  9, 1–7 (2000)

Hall, Katherine L.

Vincent W. S. Chan, Katherine L. Hall, Eytan Modiano, and Kristin A. Rauschenbach, “Architectures and Technologies for High-Speed Optical Data Networks,” Journal of Lightwave Technology,  16, 2146–2168 (1998)
[Crossref]

Hall, T. J.

N. Collings, W. A. Crossland, T. D. Wilkinson, R. W. A. Scarr, and T. J. Hall, “Packet Switching Network Based on Optical Fan-in,” in Optics in Computing’ 2000, Roger A. Lessard and Tigran Galstian, eds , Proc. SPIE,  4089, 550–554 (2000)
[Crossref]

Jing, Wencai

Wencai Jing, Jindong Tian, Ge Zhou, Yimo Zhang, Wei Liu, and Xun Zhang, “Design of scalable optical interconnection network using wavelength division multiplexing,” in Optoelectronic Interconnects VII, Michael R. Feldman, Richard L. Li, W. Brian Matkin, and Suning Tang, eds., Proc. SPIE,  3952, 178–187 (2000)
[Crossref]

Kok Ann Bryan, Ngoi

Yongqi Fu and Ngoi Kok Ann Bryan, “A novel one step integration of edge-emitting laser diode with micro-elliptical lens using focused ion beam direct deposition,” IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing,  15, 2–8 (2002)
[Crossref]

Liu, Wei

Wencai Jing, Jindong Tian, Ge Zhou, Yimo Zhang, Wei Liu, and Xun Zhang, “Design of scalable optical interconnection network using wavelength division multiplexing,” in Optoelectronic Interconnects VII, Michael R. Feldman, Richard L. Li, W. Brian Matkin, and Suning Tang, eds., Proc. SPIE,  3952, 178–187 (2000)
[Crossref]

Madamopoulos, Nicholas

Nicholas Madamopoulos and Nabeel A. Riza, “Adaptable-delay balanced-loss binary photonic delay line architectures using polarization switching,” Opt. Commun.,  152, 135–143 (1998)
[Crossref]

Meggitt, B T

B T Meggitt, C J Hall, and K Weir, “An all fibre white light interferometric strain measurement system,” Sensors and Actuators,  9, 1–7 (2000)

Modiano, Eytan

Vincent W. S. Chan, Katherine L. Hall, Eytan Modiano, and Kristin A. Rauschenbach, “Architectures and Technologies for High-Speed Optical Data Networks,” Journal of Lightwave Technology,  16, 2146–2168 (1998)
[Crossref]

Paillassa, B

B Paillassa, “The client/server way to interconnect high-speed LANs,” Comp. Commun.,  20, 649–661 (1997)
[Crossref]

Prucnal, Paul R

Rauschenbach, Kristin A.

Vincent W. S. Chan, Katherine L. Hall, Eytan Modiano, and Kristin A. Rauschenbach, “Architectures and Technologies for High-Speed Optical Data Networks,” Journal of Lightwave Technology,  16, 2146–2168 (1998)
[Crossref]

Riza, Nabeel A

Nabeel A Riza, “Acousto-optically switched optical delay lines,” Opt. Commun.,  145, 15–20 (1998)
[Crossref]

Riza, Nabeel A.

Nicholas Madamopoulos and Nabeel A. Riza, “Adaptable-delay balanced-loss binary photonic delay line architectures using polarization switching,” Opt. Commun.,  152, 135–143 (1998)
[Crossref]

Rochford, K B

S D Dyer and K B Rochford, “Low-coherence interferometric measurements of fibre Bragg grating dispersion,” Electron. Lett,  35, 1485–1486 (1999)
[Crossref]

Runser, Robert J.

Scarr, R. W. A.

N. Collings, W. A. Crossland, T. D. Wilkinson, R. W. A. Scarr, and T. J. Hall, “Packet Switching Network Based on Optical Fan-in,” in Optics in Computing’ 2000, Roger A. Lessard and Tigran Galstian, eds , Proc. SPIE,  4089, 550–554 (2000)
[Crossref]

Tian, Jindong

Wencai Jing, Jindong Tian, Ge Zhou, Yimo Zhang, Wei Liu, and Xun Zhang, “Design of scalable optical interconnection network using wavelength division multiplexing,” in Optoelectronic Interconnects VII, Michael R. Feldman, Richard L. Li, W. Brian Matkin, and Suning Tang, eds., Proc. SPIE,  3952, 178–187 (2000)
[Crossref]

Wang, Bing C

Weir, K

B T Meggitt, C J Hall, and K Weir, “An all fibre white light interferometric strain measurement system,” Sensors and Actuators,  9, 1–7 (2000)

Wilkinson, T. D.

N. Collings, W. A. Crossland, T. D. Wilkinson, R. W. A. Scarr, and T. J. Hall, “Packet Switching Network Based on Optical Fan-in,” in Optics in Computing’ 2000, Roger A. Lessard and Tigran Galstian, eds , Proc. SPIE,  4089, 550–554 (2000)
[Crossref]

Zhang, Xun

Wencai Jing, Jindong Tian, Ge Zhou, Yimo Zhang, Wei Liu, and Xun Zhang, “Design of scalable optical interconnection network using wavelength division multiplexing,” in Optoelectronic Interconnects VII, Michael R. Feldman, Richard L. Li, W. Brian Matkin, and Suning Tang, eds., Proc. SPIE,  3952, 178–187 (2000)
[Crossref]

Zhang, Yimo

Wencai Jing, Jindong Tian, Ge Zhou, Yimo Zhang, Wei Liu, and Xun Zhang, “Design of scalable optical interconnection network using wavelength division multiplexing,” in Optoelectronic Interconnects VII, Michael R. Feldman, Richard L. Li, W. Brian Matkin, and Suning Tang, eds., Proc. SPIE,  3952, 178–187 (2000)
[Crossref]

Zhou, Ge

Wencai Jing, Jindong Tian, Ge Zhou, Yimo Zhang, Wei Liu, and Xun Zhang, “Design of scalable optical interconnection network using wavelength division multiplexing,” in Optoelectronic Interconnects VII, Michael R. Feldman, Richard L. Li, W. Brian Matkin, and Suning Tang, eds., Proc. SPIE,  3952, 178–187 (2000)
[Crossref]

Comp. Commun. (1)

B Paillassa, “The client/server way to interconnect high-speed LANs,” Comp. Commun.,  20, 649–661 (1997)
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett (1)

S D Dyer and K B Rochford, “Low-coherence interferometric measurements of fibre Bragg grating dispersion,” Electron. Lett,  35, 1485–1486 (1999)
[Crossref]

IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing (1)

Yongqi Fu and Ngoi Kok Ann Bryan, “A novel one step integration of edge-emitting laser diode with micro-elliptical lens using focused ion beam direct deposition,” IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing,  15, 2–8 (2002)
[Crossref]

Journal of Lightwave Technology (1)

Vincent W. S. Chan, Katherine L. Hall, Eytan Modiano, and Kristin A. Rauschenbach, “Architectures and Technologies for High-Speed Optical Data Networks,” Journal of Lightwave Technology,  16, 2146–2168 (1998)
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (2)

Nicholas Madamopoulos and Nabeel A. Riza, “Adaptable-delay balanced-loss binary photonic delay line architectures using polarization switching,” Opt. Commun.,  152, 135–143 (1998)
[Crossref]

Nabeel A Riza, “Acousto-optically switched optical delay lines,” Opt. Commun.,  145, 15–20 (1998)
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Proc. SPIE (2)

N. Collings, W. A. Crossland, T. D. Wilkinson, R. W. A. Scarr, and T. J. Hall, “Packet Switching Network Based on Optical Fan-in,” in Optics in Computing’ 2000, Roger A. Lessard and Tigran Galstian, eds , Proc. SPIE,  4089, 550–554 (2000)
[Crossref]

Wencai Jing, Jindong Tian, Ge Zhou, Yimo Zhang, Wei Liu, and Xun Zhang, “Design of scalable optical interconnection network using wavelength division multiplexing,” in Optoelectronic Interconnects VII, Michael R. Feldman, Richard L. Li, W. Brian Matkin, and Suning Tang, eds., Proc. SPIE,  3952, 178–187 (2000)
[Crossref]

Sensors and Actuators (1)

B T Meggitt, C J Hall, and K Weir, “An all fibre white light interferometric strain measurement system,” Sensors and Actuators,  9, 1–7 (2000)

Other (1)

Http://beowulf.gsfc.nasa.gov/intro.html

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Structure of the interconnection network

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Structure of the MOEMS optical delay line with one corner mirror

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Principle of the multi-reflection MOEMS optical delay line

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical path difference versus axial displacement of the actuator and number of reflection

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

OP = 2 x + y + ( n 2 ) ( x + y ) / 2 ( μm ) , n = 2,6,10,14 ,
OPD = 2 s + ( n 2 ) · s / 2 ( μm ) , n = 2,6,10,14 ,
L R , total = 10 n log ( 1 α ) ( dB ) , n = 2,6,10,14 ,

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