Abstract

In this paper the guiding properties of photonic crystal fibers with a square lattice of air-holes in a silica matrix have been studied for the first time. The dispersion curves of fibers with different hole-to-hole spacing and air-hole diameter have been accurately calculated. Negative values of the dispersion parameter and the dispersion slope have been obtained with a hole-to-hole spacing of 1 µm. A comparison between fibers with square and triangular lattice has been also performed, taking into account the dispersion properties and the effective area in the wavelength range between 1200 nm and 1600 nm.

© 2004 Optical Society of America

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References

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Appl. Opt. (1)

ECOC 2003 (2)

A. Bjarklev, ???Photonic Crystal Fibers and their Applications,??? European Conference on Optical Communication 2003, We3.3.

P. St. J. Russell, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. J. Roberts and H. Sabert, ???Photonic crystal fibres: mastering the flow of light,??? European Conference on Optical Communication 2003, We1.7.1

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

F. Poli, A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri and A. H. Bouk, ???Tailoring of flattened dispersion in highly nonlinear photonic crystal fibers,??? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., to be published (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, L. Vincetti and M. Zoboli, ???Holey Fiber Analysis Through the Finite-Element Method,??? IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1530???1532 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

OFC 2002 (1)

T.M. Monro, ???Tutorial - Holey fibers: fundamentals and applications,??? Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2002, TuD.

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Detail of the square-lattice PCF cross-section. (b) Comparison of the air-hole positions in the first ring for square (solid line) and triangular (dashed line) lattices.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Dispersion curves of the square-lattice PCFs with (a) Λ=1 µm, (b) Λ=2 µm and (c) Λ=3 µm for different d/Λ values in the range 0.5÷0.9.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Dispersion curves of the square-lattice PCFs with d/Λ=0.9 for different Λ values between 1 µm and 3 µm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Comparison of the dispersion parameter and the effective area values for the square-lattice PCF and the triangular one with d/Λ=0.9 and Λ=1 µm.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Comparison of the dispersion parameter (a) and the effective area (b) values for the square-lattice PCFs and the triangular ones with d/Λ=0.5, for Λ=1 µm and Λ=3 µm.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Fundamental component of the magnetic field at 1550 nm for the square-lattice PCF (a) and the triangular one (b) with d/Λ=0.5 and Λ=3 µm.

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