Abstract

A distributed fiber optical interferometric sensing system was built to monitor and detect urban high-density polyethylene gas pipe leakage. To eliminate the phase drift, the digital phase generated carrier scheme was designed to demodulate the phase difference of interferometers induced by high-density polyethylene gas pipe leakage. Then the empirical mode decomposition and approximate entropy were combined to process fiber optic interferometric signals. Finally, leakage points were located by the null-frequency spectrum after empirical mode decomposition filter denoising. The lab-scale test validated the distributed fiber optical interferometric sensing system leakage location performance and demonstrated a reduced leakage accident missed alarm rate.

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