Abstract

Glasses synthesized on the basis of the R<sub>2</sub>O-B<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>-SiO<sub>2</sub> system, where R<sub>2</sub>O is Na<sub>2</sub>O or K<sub>2</sub>O, have been investigated for the reflective and protective claddings of optical fiber. Laws have been established to describe how the oxides affect the glass-forming capability of optical glasses and their tendency to crystallize in the temperature interval in which optical fiber is drawn and to describe their thermal and optical characteristics. Laws have also been established to describe how the composition and structural factors affect the rheological properties of glasses for the claddings of optical fibers. The optimum concentrations of Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>, BaO, and MgO additives have been determined so that their introduction into the composition of the glasses for the light-reflecting cladding ensures that the temperature interval in which the viscosity of the glasses varies from 10<sup>9</sup> to 10<sup>4</sup>  Pa sec is at least 360°C. The glasses for the light-reflecting and protective claddings are matched with the glass of the light-conducting core with respect to viscosity indices.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. V. N.  Polukhin, “Glasses for fiber optics,” Opt. Mekh. Prom. No. 9, 34 (1968).
  2. L. I.  Demkina, “New optical glasses,” Tr. Gos. Optich. Inst. 39, No. 170, 10 (1972).
  3. V. N.  Polukhin, “Glasses with gallium oxide,” Zh. Prikl. Khim. 16, 1447 (1968).
  4. T.  Noguchi, “Thallium-containing optical glass,” U.S. Patent No. 4,495,298 (1985).
  5. V. N.  Polukhin, “New cadmium, germanium, and thallium optical glasses,” in Glassy Systems and New Glasses Based on Them; Materials of an All-Union Conference (VNII ÉSM Min. Prom. Stroit. Mater. SSSR, Moscow, 1971), pp. 172–177.
  6. É. Yu.  Bessonova, Z. I.  Kanchiev, A. V.  Klepikova, G. Ya.  Konaeva, V. A.  Kutasov, V. N.  Polukhin, M. V.  Proskuryakov, D. K.  Sattarov, “Elements for electron–optical instrumentation,” Opt. Zh. 59, No. 11, 37 (1992) [J. Opt. Technol. 59, 689 (1992)].
  7. S. V.  Danilov, V. N.  Polukhin, V. K.  Yagmurov, “New optical glass for high-aperture fibers with improved transparency in the near UV,” J. Opt. Technol. 64, No. 12, 1157 (1997).
  8. G. T.  Petrovskii, V. I.  Vasil’eva, S. V.  Danilov, G. Ya.  Konaeva, V. A.  Kutasov, V. N.  Polukhin, S. S.  Safiulina, L. A.  Slavina, V. Kh.  Yagmurov, “Work on fiber optics at the S. I. Vavilov State Optical Institute,” J. Opt. Technol. 66, No. 3, 171 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. V. N.  Polukhin, Yu. B.  Shadrin, A. V.  Klepikova, E. V.  Alekseev, G. A.  Cheban, “Method for obtaining a fiber-optic element that rotates an image,” Russian Patent No. 1,376,504 (1996).
  10. O.  Akio, “Optical glass and optical element,” U.S. Patent No. 7,704,904 (2011).
  11. S.  Koji, “An optical glass,” EPV Patent No. 1,604,959 (2006).
  12. S.  Uehara, “Optical glass and optical element,” EPV Patent No. 2,105,417 (2010).
  13. K.  Tachiwama and Hoya Corporation, “Optical glass and process for the production of optical products,” U.S. Patent No. 6,818,578 (2005).
  14. S.  Uehara, “Optical glass,” U.S. Patent No. 6,828,265 (2005).
  15. M. V.  Dyadenko, I. A.  Levitskiĭ, “Glasses for obtaining rigid optical fibers,” Steklo i Keramika No. 5, 31 (2010).
  16. M. V.  Dyadenko, I. A.  Levitskiĭ, L. F.  Papko, “Glass for light-transmitting cores of multicore lightguides,” in Abstracts of the Seventh International Conference of Young Scientists and Specialists, Optika 2011, St. Petersburg (NIUITMO, St. Petersburg, 2011), pp. 42–44.
  17. O. V.  Mazurin, G. P.  Raskova, V. I.  Aver’yanov, Two-Phase Glasses: Structure, Properties, Application (Nauka, Leningrad, 1991).
  18. D. J.  SterlingTechnician’s Guide to Fiber Optics (Cengage Learning, Boston, 2003; Izdat. LORI, Moscow, 1998).
  19. I. A.  Levitskiĭ, L. F.  Papko, “The effect of the composition and structural factors on the viscosity of borosilicate glasses and solutions,” Steklo i Keramika No. 11, 4 (2010).
  20. G. P.  Raskova, “The effect of Al2O3 on the properties of low-alkalinity borosilicate glasses,” Steklo: Tr. Gos. Inst. No. 3 (13), 89 (1968).
  21. K. I.  Blokh, ed., Optical Fibers and Fiber Elements (Khimiya, Moscow, 1972).

2010 (2)

M. V.  Dyadenko, I. A.  Levitskiĭ, “Glasses for obtaining rigid optical fibers,” Steklo i Keramika No. 5, 31 (2010).

I. A.  Levitskiĭ, L. F.  Papko, “The effect of the composition and structural factors on the viscosity of borosilicate glasses and solutions,” Steklo i Keramika No. 11, 4 (2010).

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

S. V.  Danilov, V. N.  Polukhin, V. K.  Yagmurov, “New optical glass for high-aperture fibers with improved transparency in the near UV,” J. Opt. Technol. 64, No. 12, 1157 (1997).

1992 (1)

É. Yu.  Bessonova, Z. I.  Kanchiev, A. V.  Klepikova, G. Ya.  Konaeva, V. A.  Kutasov, V. N.  Polukhin, M. V.  Proskuryakov, D. K.  Sattarov, “Elements for electron–optical instrumentation,” Opt. Zh. 59, No. 11, 37 (1992) [J. Opt. Technol. 59, 689 (1992)].

1972 (1)

L. I.  Demkina, “New optical glasses,” Tr. Gos. Optich. Inst. 39, No. 170, 10 (1972).

1968 (3)

V. N.  Polukhin, “Glasses with gallium oxide,” Zh. Prikl. Khim. 16, 1447 (1968).

V. N.  Polukhin, “Glasses for fiber optics,” Opt. Mekh. Prom. No. 9, 34 (1968).

G. P.  Raskova, “The effect of Al2O3 on the properties of low-alkalinity borosilicate glasses,” Steklo: Tr. Gos. Inst. No. 3 (13), 89 (1968).

Akio, O.

O.  Akio, “Optical glass and optical element,” U.S. Patent No. 7,704,904 (2011).

Alekseev, E. V.

V. N.  Polukhin, Yu. B.  Shadrin, A. V.  Klepikova, E. V.  Alekseev, G. A.  Cheban, “Method for obtaining a fiber-optic element that rotates an image,” Russian Patent No. 1,376,504 (1996).

Aver’yanov, V. I.

O. V.  Mazurin, G. P.  Raskova, V. I.  Aver’yanov, Two-Phase Glasses: Structure, Properties, Application (Nauka, Leningrad, 1991).

Bessonova, É. Yu.

É. Yu.  Bessonova, Z. I.  Kanchiev, A. V.  Klepikova, G. Ya.  Konaeva, V. A.  Kutasov, V. N.  Polukhin, M. V.  Proskuryakov, D. K.  Sattarov, “Elements for electron–optical instrumentation,” Opt. Zh. 59, No. 11, 37 (1992) [J. Opt. Technol. 59, 689 (1992)].

Cheban, G. A.

V. N.  Polukhin, Yu. B.  Shadrin, A. V.  Klepikova, E. V.  Alekseev, G. A.  Cheban, “Method for obtaining a fiber-optic element that rotates an image,” Russian Patent No. 1,376,504 (1996).

Danilov, S. V.

Demkina, L. I.

L. I.  Demkina, “New optical glasses,” Tr. Gos. Optich. Inst. 39, No. 170, 10 (1972).

Dyadenko, M. V.

M. V.  Dyadenko, I. A.  Levitskiĭ, “Glasses for obtaining rigid optical fibers,” Steklo i Keramika No. 5, 31 (2010).

M. V.  Dyadenko, I. A.  Levitskiĭ, L. F.  Papko, “Glass for light-transmitting cores of multicore lightguides,” in Abstracts of the Seventh International Conference of Young Scientists and Specialists, Optika 2011, St. Petersburg (NIUITMO, St. Petersburg, 2011), pp. 42–44.

Kanchiev, Z. I.

É. Yu.  Bessonova, Z. I.  Kanchiev, A. V.  Klepikova, G. Ya.  Konaeva, V. A.  Kutasov, V. N.  Polukhin, M. V.  Proskuryakov, D. K.  Sattarov, “Elements for electron–optical instrumentation,” Opt. Zh. 59, No. 11, 37 (1992) [J. Opt. Technol. 59, 689 (1992)].

Klepikova, A. V.

É. Yu.  Bessonova, Z. I.  Kanchiev, A. V.  Klepikova, G. Ya.  Konaeva, V. A.  Kutasov, V. N.  Polukhin, M. V.  Proskuryakov, D. K.  Sattarov, “Elements for electron–optical instrumentation,” Opt. Zh. 59, No. 11, 37 (1992) [J. Opt. Technol. 59, 689 (1992)].

V. N.  Polukhin, Yu. B.  Shadrin, A. V.  Klepikova, E. V.  Alekseev, G. A.  Cheban, “Method for obtaining a fiber-optic element that rotates an image,” Russian Patent No. 1,376,504 (1996).

Koji, S.

S.  Koji, “An optical glass,” EPV Patent No. 1,604,959 (2006).

Konaeva, G. Ya.

G. T.  Petrovskii, V. I.  Vasil’eva, S. V.  Danilov, G. Ya.  Konaeva, V. A.  Kutasov, V. N.  Polukhin, S. S.  Safiulina, L. A.  Slavina, V. Kh.  Yagmurov, “Work on fiber optics at the S. I. Vavilov State Optical Institute,” J. Opt. Technol. 66, No. 3, 171 (1999).
[CrossRef]

É. Yu.  Bessonova, Z. I.  Kanchiev, A. V.  Klepikova, G. Ya.  Konaeva, V. A.  Kutasov, V. N.  Polukhin, M. V.  Proskuryakov, D. K.  Sattarov, “Elements for electron–optical instrumentation,” Opt. Zh. 59, No. 11, 37 (1992) [J. Opt. Technol. 59, 689 (1992)].

Kutasov, V. A.

G. T.  Petrovskii, V. I.  Vasil’eva, S. V.  Danilov, G. Ya.  Konaeva, V. A.  Kutasov, V. N.  Polukhin, S. S.  Safiulina, L. A.  Slavina, V. Kh.  Yagmurov, “Work on fiber optics at the S. I. Vavilov State Optical Institute,” J. Opt. Technol. 66, No. 3, 171 (1999).
[CrossRef]

É. Yu.  Bessonova, Z. I.  Kanchiev, A. V.  Klepikova, G. Ya.  Konaeva, V. A.  Kutasov, V. N.  Polukhin, M. V.  Proskuryakov, D. K.  Sattarov, “Elements for electron–optical instrumentation,” Opt. Zh. 59, No. 11, 37 (1992) [J. Opt. Technol. 59, 689 (1992)].

Levitskii, I. A.

M. V.  Dyadenko, I. A.  Levitskiĭ, “Glasses for obtaining rigid optical fibers,” Steklo i Keramika No. 5, 31 (2010).

I. A.  Levitskiĭ, L. F.  Papko, “The effect of the composition and structural factors on the viscosity of borosilicate glasses and solutions,” Steklo i Keramika No. 11, 4 (2010).

M. V.  Dyadenko, I. A.  Levitskiĭ, L. F.  Papko, “Glass for light-transmitting cores of multicore lightguides,” in Abstracts of the Seventh International Conference of Young Scientists and Specialists, Optika 2011, St. Petersburg (NIUITMO, St. Petersburg, 2011), pp. 42–44.

Mazurin, O. V.

O. V.  Mazurin, G. P.  Raskova, V. I.  Aver’yanov, Two-Phase Glasses: Structure, Properties, Application (Nauka, Leningrad, 1991).

Noguchi, T.

T.  Noguchi, “Thallium-containing optical glass,” U.S. Patent No. 4,495,298 (1985).

Papko, L. F.

I. A.  Levitskiĭ, L. F.  Papko, “The effect of the composition and structural factors on the viscosity of borosilicate glasses and solutions,” Steklo i Keramika No. 11, 4 (2010).

M. V.  Dyadenko, I. A.  Levitskiĭ, L. F.  Papko, “Glass for light-transmitting cores of multicore lightguides,” in Abstracts of the Seventh International Conference of Young Scientists and Specialists, Optika 2011, St. Petersburg (NIUITMO, St. Petersburg, 2011), pp. 42–44.

Petrovskii, G. T.

Polukhin, V. N.

G. T.  Petrovskii, V. I.  Vasil’eva, S. V.  Danilov, G. Ya.  Konaeva, V. A.  Kutasov, V. N.  Polukhin, S. S.  Safiulina, L. A.  Slavina, V. Kh.  Yagmurov, “Work on fiber optics at the S. I. Vavilov State Optical Institute,” J. Opt. Technol. 66, No. 3, 171 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. V.  Danilov, V. N.  Polukhin, V. K.  Yagmurov, “New optical glass for high-aperture fibers with improved transparency in the near UV,” J. Opt. Technol. 64, No. 12, 1157 (1997).

É. Yu.  Bessonova, Z. I.  Kanchiev, A. V.  Klepikova, G. Ya.  Konaeva, V. A.  Kutasov, V. N.  Polukhin, M. V.  Proskuryakov, D. K.  Sattarov, “Elements for electron–optical instrumentation,” Opt. Zh. 59, No. 11, 37 (1992) [J. Opt. Technol. 59, 689 (1992)].

V. N.  Polukhin, “Glasses with gallium oxide,” Zh. Prikl. Khim. 16, 1447 (1968).

V. N.  Polukhin, “Glasses for fiber optics,” Opt. Mekh. Prom. No. 9, 34 (1968).

V. N.  Polukhin, “New cadmium, germanium, and thallium optical glasses,” in Glassy Systems and New Glasses Based on Them; Materials of an All-Union Conference (VNII ÉSM Min. Prom. Stroit. Mater. SSSR, Moscow, 1971), pp. 172–177.

V. N.  Polukhin, Yu. B.  Shadrin, A. V.  Klepikova, E. V.  Alekseev, G. A.  Cheban, “Method for obtaining a fiber-optic element that rotates an image,” Russian Patent No. 1,376,504 (1996).

Proskuryakov, M. V.

É. Yu.  Bessonova, Z. I.  Kanchiev, A. V.  Klepikova, G. Ya.  Konaeva, V. A.  Kutasov, V. N.  Polukhin, M. V.  Proskuryakov, D. K.  Sattarov, “Elements for electron–optical instrumentation,” Opt. Zh. 59, No. 11, 37 (1992) [J. Opt. Technol. 59, 689 (1992)].

Raskova, G. P.

G. P.  Raskova, “The effect of Al2O3 on the properties of low-alkalinity borosilicate glasses,” Steklo: Tr. Gos. Inst. No. 3 (13), 89 (1968).

O. V.  Mazurin, G. P.  Raskova, V. I.  Aver’yanov, Two-Phase Glasses: Structure, Properties, Application (Nauka, Leningrad, 1991).

Safiulina, S. S.

Sattarov, D. K.

É. Yu.  Bessonova, Z. I.  Kanchiev, A. V.  Klepikova, G. Ya.  Konaeva, V. A.  Kutasov, V. N.  Polukhin, M. V.  Proskuryakov, D. K.  Sattarov, “Elements for electron–optical instrumentation,” Opt. Zh. 59, No. 11, 37 (1992) [J. Opt. Technol. 59, 689 (1992)].

Shadrin, Yu. B.

V. N.  Polukhin, Yu. B.  Shadrin, A. V.  Klepikova, E. V.  Alekseev, G. A.  Cheban, “Method for obtaining a fiber-optic element that rotates an image,” Russian Patent No. 1,376,504 (1996).

Slavina, L. A.

Sterling, D. J.

D. J.  SterlingTechnician’s Guide to Fiber Optics (Cengage Learning, Boston, 2003; Izdat. LORI, Moscow, 1998).

Tachiwama, K.

K.  Tachiwama and Hoya Corporation, “Optical glass and process for the production of optical products,” U.S. Patent No. 6,818,578 (2005).

Uehara, S.

S.  Uehara, “Optical glass,” U.S. Patent No. 6,828,265 (2005).

S.  Uehara, “Optical glass and optical element,” EPV Patent No. 2,105,417 (2010).

Vasil’eva, V. I.

Yagmurov, V. K.

S. V.  Danilov, V. N.  Polukhin, V. K.  Yagmurov, “New optical glass for high-aperture fibers with improved transparency in the near UV,” J. Opt. Technol. 64, No. 12, 1157 (1997).

Yagmurov, V. Kh.

J. Opt. Technol. (2)

Opt. Mekh. Prom. (1)

V. N.  Polukhin, “Glasses for fiber optics,” Opt. Mekh. Prom. No. 9, 34 (1968).

Opt. Zh. (1)

É. Yu.  Bessonova, Z. I.  Kanchiev, A. V.  Klepikova, G. Ya.  Konaeva, V. A.  Kutasov, V. N.  Polukhin, M. V.  Proskuryakov, D. K.  Sattarov, “Elements for electron–optical instrumentation,” Opt. Zh. 59, No. 11, 37 (1992) [J. Opt. Technol. 59, 689 (1992)].

Steklo i Keramika (2)

I. A.  Levitskiĭ, L. F.  Papko, “The effect of the composition and structural factors on the viscosity of borosilicate glasses and solutions,” Steklo i Keramika No. 11, 4 (2010).

M. V.  Dyadenko, I. A.  Levitskiĭ, “Glasses for obtaining rigid optical fibers,” Steklo i Keramika No. 5, 31 (2010).

Steklo: Tr. Gos. Inst. (1)

G. P.  Raskova, “The effect of Al2O3 on the properties of low-alkalinity borosilicate glasses,” Steklo: Tr. Gos. Inst. No. 3 (13), 89 (1968).

Tr. Gos. Optich. Inst. (1)

L. I.  Demkina, “New optical glasses,” Tr. Gos. Optich. Inst. 39, No. 170, 10 (1972).

Zh. Prikl. Khim. (1)

V. N.  Polukhin, “Glasses with gallium oxide,” Zh. Prikl. Khim. 16, 1447 (1968).

Other (12)

T.  Noguchi, “Thallium-containing optical glass,” U.S. Patent No. 4,495,298 (1985).

V. N.  Polukhin, “New cadmium, germanium, and thallium optical glasses,” in Glassy Systems and New Glasses Based on Them; Materials of an All-Union Conference (VNII ÉSM Min. Prom. Stroit. Mater. SSSR, Moscow, 1971), pp. 172–177.

M. V.  Dyadenko, I. A.  Levitskiĭ, L. F.  Papko, “Glass for light-transmitting cores of multicore lightguides,” in Abstracts of the Seventh International Conference of Young Scientists and Specialists, Optika 2011, St. Petersburg (NIUITMO, St. Petersburg, 2011), pp. 42–44.

O. V.  Mazurin, G. P.  Raskova, V. I.  Aver’yanov, Two-Phase Glasses: Structure, Properties, Application (Nauka, Leningrad, 1991).

D. J.  SterlingTechnician’s Guide to Fiber Optics (Cengage Learning, Boston, 2003; Izdat. LORI, Moscow, 1998).

V. N.  Polukhin, Yu. B.  Shadrin, A. V.  Klepikova, E. V.  Alekseev, G. A.  Cheban, “Method for obtaining a fiber-optic element that rotates an image,” Russian Patent No. 1,376,504 (1996).

O.  Akio, “Optical glass and optical element,” U.S. Patent No. 7,704,904 (2011).

S.  Koji, “An optical glass,” EPV Patent No. 1,604,959 (2006).

S.  Uehara, “Optical glass and optical element,” EPV Patent No. 2,105,417 (2010).

K.  Tachiwama and Hoya Corporation, “Optical glass and process for the production of optical products,” U.S. Patent No. 6,818,578 (2005).

S.  Uehara, “Optical glass,” U.S. Patent No. 6,828,265 (2005).

K. I.  Blokh, ed., Optical Fibers and Fiber Elements (Khimiya, Moscow, 1972).

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