Abstract

The question of how to develop methods and devices for the detection of low concentrations of various organic compounds—in particular, explosive substances—is currently attracting much attention. In this connection, there is great interest in laser ionization methods, especially the method of surface laser desorption/ionization from nanostructured surfaces, including porous silicon. In this case, a separate problem is to establish a mechanism for forming ions of the molecules of interest. This paper uses the example of trinitrotoluene to investigate the process of desorption and formation of negative ions of nitroaromatic compounds when a laser acts on porous silicon at atmospheric pressure. The dependence of the ion yield on the intensity of the exciting radiation has been measured. It is established that negative ions of trinitrotoluene form directly on the surface of nanoporous silicon.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. E.  Kotkovskiĭ, A. V.  Sychev, A. V.  Tugaenko, A. A.  Chistyakov, “Laser spectrometer of the increment of ionic mobility,” Prib. Tekh. Eksp. No. 2, 119 (2011).
  2. C.  Oberhüttinger, A.  Langmeier, H.  Oberpriller, M.  Kessler, J.  Goebel, G.  Müller, “Hydrocarbon detection using laser ion-mobility spectrometry,” Int. J. Ion Mobil. Spectrom. 12, No. 1, 23 (2009).
  3. G. A.  Eiceman, V. J.  Vandiver, C. S.  Leasure, G. K.  Anderson, J. J.  Tiee, W. C.  Danen, “Effects of laser beam parameters in laser ion-mobility spectrometry,” Anal. Chem. 58, 1690 (1986).
  4. C.  Illenseer, H.-G.  Löhmannsröben, R. H.  Schultze, “Application of laser-based ion-mobility (IM) spectrometry for the analysis of polycyclic aromatic compounds (PAC) and petroleum products in soils,” J. Environ. Monit. 5, 780 (2003).
  5. G. E.  Kotkovskiy, Y. A.  Kuzishchin, I. L.  Martynov, A. A.  Chistyakov, I. R.  Nabiev, “The photophysics of porous silicon: technological and biomedical implications,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14, 13890 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. K.  Kashkarov, “Unusual properties of porous silicon,” Soros. Obrazovat. Zh., No. 7 (2005).
  7. J.  Wei, J. M.  Buriak, G.  Siuzdak, “Desorption–ionization mass spectrometry on porous silicon,” Nature 399, No. 5, 243 (1999).
  8. I. L.  Martynov, V. A.  Karavanskiĭ, G. E.  Kotkovskiĭ, Yu. A.  Kuzishchin, A. S.  Tsybin, A. A.  Chistyakov, “Ion mobility spectrometer with ion source based on laser-irradiated porous silicon,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 37, No. 1, 56 (2011) [Tech. Phys. Lett. 37, 15 (2011)].
  9. O.  Bisi, S.  Ossicini, L.  Pavesi, “Porous silicon: a quantum sponge structure for silicon based optoelectronics,” Surf. Sci. Rep. 38, 1126 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. N.  Ott, M.  Nerding, G.  Müller, R.  Brendel, H. P.  Strunk, “Structural changes in porous silicon during annealing,” Phys. Status Solidi A 197, 93 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S.  Green, P.  Kathirgamanathan, “The quenching of porous silicon photoluminescence by gaseous oxygen,” Thin Solid Films 374, 98 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R.  Cisneros, H.  Pfeiffer, C.  Wang, “Oxygen absorption in free-standing porous silicon: a structural, optical and kinetic analysis,” Nano. Res. Lett. 5, 686 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. R.  Northen, H.-K.  Woo, M. T.  Northen, A.  Nordström, W.  Uritboonthail, K. L.  Turner, G.  Siuzdak, “High surface area of porous silicon drives desorption of intact molecules,” J. Soc. Am. Mass Spectrom. 18, 1945 (2007).
  14. M. B.  Kuznetsov, Photoprocesses on the Surface of Nanosize Silicon (MIFI, Moscow, 2001).
  15. A. A.  Veber, G. E.  Kotkovskiĭ, I. L.  Martynov, A. A.  Chistyakov, “Formation of negative ions of nitroaromatic compounds in gases under laser UV irradiation,” Khim. Fiz. 29, No. 8, 20 (2010).

2012 (1)

G. E.  Kotkovskiy, Y. A.  Kuzishchin, I. L.  Martynov, A. A.  Chistyakov, I. R.  Nabiev, “The photophysics of porous silicon: technological and biomedical implications,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14, 13890 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

G. E.  Kotkovskiĭ, A. V.  Sychev, A. V.  Tugaenko, A. A.  Chistyakov, “Laser spectrometer of the increment of ionic mobility,” Prib. Tekh. Eksp. No. 2, 119 (2011).

I. L.  Martynov, V. A.  Karavanskiĭ, G. E.  Kotkovskiĭ, Yu. A.  Kuzishchin, A. S.  Tsybin, A. A.  Chistyakov, “Ion mobility spectrometer with ion source based on laser-irradiated porous silicon,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 37, No. 1, 56 (2011) [Tech. Phys. Lett. 37, 15 (2011)].

2010 (2)

R.  Cisneros, H.  Pfeiffer, C.  Wang, “Oxygen absorption in free-standing porous silicon: a structural, optical and kinetic analysis,” Nano. Res. Lett. 5, 686 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. A.  Veber, G. E.  Kotkovskiĭ, I. L.  Martynov, A. A.  Chistyakov, “Formation of negative ions of nitroaromatic compounds in gases under laser UV irradiation,” Khim. Fiz. 29, No. 8, 20 (2010).

2009 (1)

C.  Oberhüttinger, A.  Langmeier, H.  Oberpriller, M.  Kessler, J.  Goebel, G.  Müller, “Hydrocarbon detection using laser ion-mobility spectrometry,” Int. J. Ion Mobil. Spectrom. 12, No. 1, 23 (2009).

2007 (1)

T. R.  Northen, H.-K.  Woo, M. T.  Northen, A.  Nordström, W.  Uritboonthail, K. L.  Turner, G.  Siuzdak, “High surface area of porous silicon drives desorption of intact molecules,” J. Soc. Am. Mass Spectrom. 18, 1945 (2007).

2005 (1)

P. K.  Kashkarov, “Unusual properties of porous silicon,” Soros. Obrazovat. Zh., No. 7 (2005).

2003 (2)

N.  Ott, M.  Nerding, G.  Müller, R.  Brendel, H. P.  Strunk, “Structural changes in porous silicon during annealing,” Phys. Status Solidi A 197, 93 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C.  Illenseer, H.-G.  Löhmannsröben, R. H.  Schultze, “Application of laser-based ion-mobility (IM) spectrometry for the analysis of polycyclic aromatic compounds (PAC) and petroleum products in soils,” J. Environ. Monit. 5, 780 (2003).

2000 (2)

S.  Green, P.  Kathirgamanathan, “The quenching of porous silicon photoluminescence by gaseous oxygen,” Thin Solid Films 374, 98 (2000).
[CrossRef]

O.  Bisi, S.  Ossicini, L.  Pavesi, “Porous silicon: a quantum sponge structure for silicon based optoelectronics,” Surf. Sci. Rep. 38, 1126 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

J.  Wei, J. M.  Buriak, G.  Siuzdak, “Desorption–ionization mass spectrometry on porous silicon,” Nature 399, No. 5, 243 (1999).

1986 (1)

G. A.  Eiceman, V. J.  Vandiver, C. S.  Leasure, G. K.  Anderson, J. J.  Tiee, W. C.  Danen, “Effects of laser beam parameters in laser ion-mobility spectrometry,” Anal. Chem. 58, 1690 (1986).

Anderson, G. K.

G. A.  Eiceman, V. J.  Vandiver, C. S.  Leasure, G. K.  Anderson, J. J.  Tiee, W. C.  Danen, “Effects of laser beam parameters in laser ion-mobility spectrometry,” Anal. Chem. 58, 1690 (1986).

Bisi, O.

O.  Bisi, S.  Ossicini, L.  Pavesi, “Porous silicon: a quantum sponge structure for silicon based optoelectronics,” Surf. Sci. Rep. 38, 1126 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Brendel, R.

N.  Ott, M.  Nerding, G.  Müller, R.  Brendel, H. P.  Strunk, “Structural changes in porous silicon during annealing,” Phys. Status Solidi A 197, 93 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Buriak, J. M.

J.  Wei, J. M.  Buriak, G.  Siuzdak, “Desorption–ionization mass spectrometry on porous silicon,” Nature 399, No. 5, 243 (1999).

Chistyakov, A. A.

G. E.  Kotkovskiy, Y. A.  Kuzishchin, I. L.  Martynov, A. A.  Chistyakov, I. R.  Nabiev, “The photophysics of porous silicon: technological and biomedical implications,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14, 13890 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. E.  Kotkovskiĭ, A. V.  Sychev, A. V.  Tugaenko, A. A.  Chistyakov, “Laser spectrometer of the increment of ionic mobility,” Prib. Tekh. Eksp. No. 2, 119 (2011).

I. L.  Martynov, V. A.  Karavanskiĭ, G. E.  Kotkovskiĭ, Yu. A.  Kuzishchin, A. S.  Tsybin, A. A.  Chistyakov, “Ion mobility spectrometer with ion source based on laser-irradiated porous silicon,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 37, No. 1, 56 (2011) [Tech. Phys. Lett. 37, 15 (2011)].

A. A.  Veber, G. E.  Kotkovskiĭ, I. L.  Martynov, A. A.  Chistyakov, “Formation of negative ions of nitroaromatic compounds in gases under laser UV irradiation,” Khim. Fiz. 29, No. 8, 20 (2010).

Cisneros, R.

R.  Cisneros, H.  Pfeiffer, C.  Wang, “Oxygen absorption in free-standing porous silicon: a structural, optical and kinetic analysis,” Nano. Res. Lett. 5, 686 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Danen, W. C.

G. A.  Eiceman, V. J.  Vandiver, C. S.  Leasure, G. K.  Anderson, J. J.  Tiee, W. C.  Danen, “Effects of laser beam parameters in laser ion-mobility spectrometry,” Anal. Chem. 58, 1690 (1986).

Eiceman, G. A.

G. A.  Eiceman, V. J.  Vandiver, C. S.  Leasure, G. K.  Anderson, J. J.  Tiee, W. C.  Danen, “Effects of laser beam parameters in laser ion-mobility spectrometry,” Anal. Chem. 58, 1690 (1986).

Goebel, J.

C.  Oberhüttinger, A.  Langmeier, H.  Oberpriller, M.  Kessler, J.  Goebel, G.  Müller, “Hydrocarbon detection using laser ion-mobility spectrometry,” Int. J. Ion Mobil. Spectrom. 12, No. 1, 23 (2009).

Green, S.

S.  Green, P.  Kathirgamanathan, “The quenching of porous silicon photoluminescence by gaseous oxygen,” Thin Solid Films 374, 98 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Illenseer, C.

C.  Illenseer, H.-G.  Löhmannsröben, R. H.  Schultze, “Application of laser-based ion-mobility (IM) spectrometry for the analysis of polycyclic aromatic compounds (PAC) and petroleum products in soils,” J. Environ. Monit. 5, 780 (2003).

Karavanskii, V. A.

I. L.  Martynov, V. A.  Karavanskiĭ, G. E.  Kotkovskiĭ, Yu. A.  Kuzishchin, A. S.  Tsybin, A. A.  Chistyakov, “Ion mobility spectrometer with ion source based on laser-irradiated porous silicon,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 37, No. 1, 56 (2011) [Tech. Phys. Lett. 37, 15 (2011)].

Kashkarov, P. K.

P. K.  Kashkarov, “Unusual properties of porous silicon,” Soros. Obrazovat. Zh., No. 7 (2005).

Kathirgamanathan, P.

S.  Green, P.  Kathirgamanathan, “The quenching of porous silicon photoluminescence by gaseous oxygen,” Thin Solid Films 374, 98 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kessler, M.

C.  Oberhüttinger, A.  Langmeier, H.  Oberpriller, M.  Kessler, J.  Goebel, G.  Müller, “Hydrocarbon detection using laser ion-mobility spectrometry,” Int. J. Ion Mobil. Spectrom. 12, No. 1, 23 (2009).

Kotkovskii, G. E.

I. L.  Martynov, V. A.  Karavanskiĭ, G. E.  Kotkovskiĭ, Yu. A.  Kuzishchin, A. S.  Tsybin, A. A.  Chistyakov, “Ion mobility spectrometer with ion source based on laser-irradiated porous silicon,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 37, No. 1, 56 (2011) [Tech. Phys. Lett. 37, 15 (2011)].

G. E.  Kotkovskiĭ, A. V.  Sychev, A. V.  Tugaenko, A. A.  Chistyakov, “Laser spectrometer of the increment of ionic mobility,” Prib. Tekh. Eksp. No. 2, 119 (2011).

A. A.  Veber, G. E.  Kotkovskiĭ, I. L.  Martynov, A. A.  Chistyakov, “Formation of negative ions of nitroaromatic compounds in gases under laser UV irradiation,” Khim. Fiz. 29, No. 8, 20 (2010).

Kotkovskiy, G. E.

G. E.  Kotkovskiy, Y. A.  Kuzishchin, I. L.  Martynov, A. A.  Chistyakov, I. R.  Nabiev, “The photophysics of porous silicon: technological and biomedical implications,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14, 13890 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kuzishchin, Y. A.

G. E.  Kotkovskiy, Y. A.  Kuzishchin, I. L.  Martynov, A. A.  Chistyakov, I. R.  Nabiev, “The photophysics of porous silicon: technological and biomedical implications,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14, 13890 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kuzishchin, Yu. A.

I. L.  Martynov, V. A.  Karavanskiĭ, G. E.  Kotkovskiĭ, Yu. A.  Kuzishchin, A. S.  Tsybin, A. A.  Chistyakov, “Ion mobility spectrometer with ion source based on laser-irradiated porous silicon,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 37, No. 1, 56 (2011) [Tech. Phys. Lett. 37, 15 (2011)].

Kuznetsov, M. B.

M. B.  Kuznetsov, Photoprocesses on the Surface of Nanosize Silicon (MIFI, Moscow, 2001).

Langmeier, A.

C.  Oberhüttinger, A.  Langmeier, H.  Oberpriller, M.  Kessler, J.  Goebel, G.  Müller, “Hydrocarbon detection using laser ion-mobility spectrometry,” Int. J. Ion Mobil. Spectrom. 12, No. 1, 23 (2009).

Leasure, C. S.

G. A.  Eiceman, V. J.  Vandiver, C. S.  Leasure, G. K.  Anderson, J. J.  Tiee, W. C.  Danen, “Effects of laser beam parameters in laser ion-mobility spectrometry,” Anal. Chem. 58, 1690 (1986).

Löhmannsröben, H.-G.

C.  Illenseer, H.-G.  Löhmannsröben, R. H.  Schultze, “Application of laser-based ion-mobility (IM) spectrometry for the analysis of polycyclic aromatic compounds (PAC) and petroleum products in soils,” J. Environ. Monit. 5, 780 (2003).

Martynov, I. L.

G. E.  Kotkovskiy, Y. A.  Kuzishchin, I. L.  Martynov, A. A.  Chistyakov, I. R.  Nabiev, “The photophysics of porous silicon: technological and biomedical implications,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14, 13890 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. L.  Martynov, V. A.  Karavanskiĭ, G. E.  Kotkovskiĭ, Yu. A.  Kuzishchin, A. S.  Tsybin, A. A.  Chistyakov, “Ion mobility spectrometer with ion source based on laser-irradiated porous silicon,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 37, No. 1, 56 (2011) [Tech. Phys. Lett. 37, 15 (2011)].

A. A.  Veber, G. E.  Kotkovskiĭ, I. L.  Martynov, A. A.  Chistyakov, “Formation of negative ions of nitroaromatic compounds in gases under laser UV irradiation,” Khim. Fiz. 29, No. 8, 20 (2010).

Müller, G.

C.  Oberhüttinger, A.  Langmeier, H.  Oberpriller, M.  Kessler, J.  Goebel, G.  Müller, “Hydrocarbon detection using laser ion-mobility spectrometry,” Int. J. Ion Mobil. Spectrom. 12, No. 1, 23 (2009).

N.  Ott, M.  Nerding, G.  Müller, R.  Brendel, H. P.  Strunk, “Structural changes in porous silicon during annealing,” Phys. Status Solidi A 197, 93 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nabiev, I. R.

G. E.  Kotkovskiy, Y. A.  Kuzishchin, I. L.  Martynov, A. A.  Chistyakov, I. R.  Nabiev, “The photophysics of porous silicon: technological and biomedical implications,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14, 13890 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nerding, M.

N.  Ott, M.  Nerding, G.  Müller, R.  Brendel, H. P.  Strunk, “Structural changes in porous silicon during annealing,” Phys. Status Solidi A 197, 93 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nordström, A.

T. R.  Northen, H.-K.  Woo, M. T.  Northen, A.  Nordström, W.  Uritboonthail, K. L.  Turner, G.  Siuzdak, “High surface area of porous silicon drives desorption of intact molecules,” J. Soc. Am. Mass Spectrom. 18, 1945 (2007).

Northen, M. T.

T. R.  Northen, H.-K.  Woo, M. T.  Northen, A.  Nordström, W.  Uritboonthail, K. L.  Turner, G.  Siuzdak, “High surface area of porous silicon drives desorption of intact molecules,” J. Soc. Am. Mass Spectrom. 18, 1945 (2007).

Northen, T. R.

T. R.  Northen, H.-K.  Woo, M. T.  Northen, A.  Nordström, W.  Uritboonthail, K. L.  Turner, G.  Siuzdak, “High surface area of porous silicon drives desorption of intact molecules,” J. Soc. Am. Mass Spectrom. 18, 1945 (2007).

Oberhüttinger, C.

C.  Oberhüttinger, A.  Langmeier, H.  Oberpriller, M.  Kessler, J.  Goebel, G.  Müller, “Hydrocarbon detection using laser ion-mobility spectrometry,” Int. J. Ion Mobil. Spectrom. 12, No. 1, 23 (2009).

Oberpriller, H.

C.  Oberhüttinger, A.  Langmeier, H.  Oberpriller, M.  Kessler, J.  Goebel, G.  Müller, “Hydrocarbon detection using laser ion-mobility spectrometry,” Int. J. Ion Mobil. Spectrom. 12, No. 1, 23 (2009).

Ossicini, S.

O.  Bisi, S.  Ossicini, L.  Pavesi, “Porous silicon: a quantum sponge structure for silicon based optoelectronics,” Surf. Sci. Rep. 38, 1126 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ott, N.

N.  Ott, M.  Nerding, G.  Müller, R.  Brendel, H. P.  Strunk, “Structural changes in porous silicon during annealing,” Phys. Status Solidi A 197, 93 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pavesi, L.

O.  Bisi, S.  Ossicini, L.  Pavesi, “Porous silicon: a quantum sponge structure for silicon based optoelectronics,” Surf. Sci. Rep. 38, 1126 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pfeiffer, H.

R.  Cisneros, H.  Pfeiffer, C.  Wang, “Oxygen absorption in free-standing porous silicon: a structural, optical and kinetic analysis,” Nano. Res. Lett. 5, 686 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schultze, R. H.

C.  Illenseer, H.-G.  Löhmannsröben, R. H.  Schultze, “Application of laser-based ion-mobility (IM) spectrometry for the analysis of polycyclic aromatic compounds (PAC) and petroleum products in soils,” J. Environ. Monit. 5, 780 (2003).

Siuzdak, G.

T. R.  Northen, H.-K.  Woo, M. T.  Northen, A.  Nordström, W.  Uritboonthail, K. L.  Turner, G.  Siuzdak, “High surface area of porous silicon drives desorption of intact molecules,” J. Soc. Am. Mass Spectrom. 18, 1945 (2007).

J.  Wei, J. M.  Buriak, G.  Siuzdak, “Desorption–ionization mass spectrometry on porous silicon,” Nature 399, No. 5, 243 (1999).

Strunk, H. P.

N.  Ott, M.  Nerding, G.  Müller, R.  Brendel, H. P.  Strunk, “Structural changes in porous silicon during annealing,” Phys. Status Solidi A 197, 93 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sychev, A. V.

G. E.  Kotkovskiĭ, A. V.  Sychev, A. V.  Tugaenko, A. A.  Chistyakov, “Laser spectrometer of the increment of ionic mobility,” Prib. Tekh. Eksp. No. 2, 119 (2011).

Tiee, J. J.

G. A.  Eiceman, V. J.  Vandiver, C. S.  Leasure, G. K.  Anderson, J. J.  Tiee, W. C.  Danen, “Effects of laser beam parameters in laser ion-mobility spectrometry,” Anal. Chem. 58, 1690 (1986).

Tsybin, A. S.

I. L.  Martynov, V. A.  Karavanskiĭ, G. E.  Kotkovskiĭ, Yu. A.  Kuzishchin, A. S.  Tsybin, A. A.  Chistyakov, “Ion mobility spectrometer with ion source based on laser-irradiated porous silicon,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 37, No. 1, 56 (2011) [Tech. Phys. Lett. 37, 15 (2011)].

Tugaenko, A. V.

G. E.  Kotkovskiĭ, A. V.  Sychev, A. V.  Tugaenko, A. A.  Chistyakov, “Laser spectrometer of the increment of ionic mobility,” Prib. Tekh. Eksp. No. 2, 119 (2011).

Turner, K. L.

T. R.  Northen, H.-K.  Woo, M. T.  Northen, A.  Nordström, W.  Uritboonthail, K. L.  Turner, G.  Siuzdak, “High surface area of porous silicon drives desorption of intact molecules,” J. Soc. Am. Mass Spectrom. 18, 1945 (2007).

Uritboonthail, W.

T. R.  Northen, H.-K.  Woo, M. T.  Northen, A.  Nordström, W.  Uritboonthail, K. L.  Turner, G.  Siuzdak, “High surface area of porous silicon drives desorption of intact molecules,” J. Soc. Am. Mass Spectrom. 18, 1945 (2007).

Vandiver, V. J.

G. A.  Eiceman, V. J.  Vandiver, C. S.  Leasure, G. K.  Anderson, J. J.  Tiee, W. C.  Danen, “Effects of laser beam parameters in laser ion-mobility spectrometry,” Anal. Chem. 58, 1690 (1986).

Veber, A. A.

A. A.  Veber, G. E.  Kotkovskiĭ, I. L.  Martynov, A. A.  Chistyakov, “Formation of negative ions of nitroaromatic compounds in gases under laser UV irradiation,” Khim. Fiz. 29, No. 8, 20 (2010).

Wang, C.

R.  Cisneros, H.  Pfeiffer, C.  Wang, “Oxygen absorption in free-standing porous silicon: a structural, optical and kinetic analysis,” Nano. Res. Lett. 5, 686 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wei, J.

J.  Wei, J. M.  Buriak, G.  Siuzdak, “Desorption–ionization mass spectrometry on porous silicon,” Nature 399, No. 5, 243 (1999).

Woo, H.-K.

T. R.  Northen, H.-K.  Woo, M. T.  Northen, A.  Nordström, W.  Uritboonthail, K. L.  Turner, G.  Siuzdak, “High surface area of porous silicon drives desorption of intact molecules,” J. Soc. Am. Mass Spectrom. 18, 1945 (2007).

Anal. Chem. (1)

G. A.  Eiceman, V. J.  Vandiver, C. S.  Leasure, G. K.  Anderson, J. J.  Tiee, W. C.  Danen, “Effects of laser beam parameters in laser ion-mobility spectrometry,” Anal. Chem. 58, 1690 (1986).

Int. J. Ion Mobil. Spectrom. (1)

C.  Oberhüttinger, A.  Langmeier, H.  Oberpriller, M.  Kessler, J.  Goebel, G.  Müller, “Hydrocarbon detection using laser ion-mobility spectrometry,” Int. J. Ion Mobil. Spectrom. 12, No. 1, 23 (2009).

J. Environ. Monit. (1)

C.  Illenseer, H.-G.  Löhmannsröben, R. H.  Schultze, “Application of laser-based ion-mobility (IM) spectrometry for the analysis of polycyclic aromatic compounds (PAC) and petroleum products in soils,” J. Environ. Monit. 5, 780 (2003).

J. Soc. Am. Mass Spectrom. (1)

T. R.  Northen, H.-K.  Woo, M. T.  Northen, A.  Nordström, W.  Uritboonthail, K. L.  Turner, G.  Siuzdak, “High surface area of porous silicon drives desorption of intact molecules,” J. Soc. Am. Mass Spectrom. 18, 1945 (2007).

Khim. Fiz. (1)

A. A.  Veber, G. E.  Kotkovskiĭ, I. L.  Martynov, A. A.  Chistyakov, “Formation of negative ions of nitroaromatic compounds in gases under laser UV irradiation,” Khim. Fiz. 29, No. 8, 20 (2010).

Nano. Res. Lett. (1)

R.  Cisneros, H.  Pfeiffer, C.  Wang, “Oxygen absorption in free-standing porous silicon: a structural, optical and kinetic analysis,” Nano. Res. Lett. 5, 686 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

J.  Wei, J. M.  Buriak, G.  Siuzdak, “Desorption–ionization mass spectrometry on porous silicon,” Nature 399, No. 5, 243 (1999).

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (1)

G. E.  Kotkovskiy, Y. A.  Kuzishchin, I. L.  Martynov, A. A.  Chistyakov, I. R.  Nabiev, “The photophysics of porous silicon: technological and biomedical implications,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14, 13890 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi A (1)

N.  Ott, M.  Nerding, G.  Müller, R.  Brendel, H. P.  Strunk, “Structural changes in porous silicon during annealing,” Phys. Status Solidi A 197, 93 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. (1)

I. L.  Martynov, V. A.  Karavanskiĭ, G. E.  Kotkovskiĭ, Yu. A.  Kuzishchin, A. S.  Tsybin, A. A.  Chistyakov, “Ion mobility spectrometer with ion source based on laser-irradiated porous silicon,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 37, No. 1, 56 (2011) [Tech. Phys. Lett. 37, 15 (2011)].

Prib. Tekh. Eksp. (1)

G. E.  Kotkovskiĭ, A. V.  Sychev, A. V.  Tugaenko, A. A.  Chistyakov, “Laser spectrometer of the increment of ionic mobility,” Prib. Tekh. Eksp. No. 2, 119 (2011).

Soros. Obrazovat. Zh. (1)

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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