Abstract

An inert-gas plasma with molecular transitions Σ1,3u+−Σ1g+ is one of the main active media for generating stimulated vacuum UV radiation. Experiments with heavy inert gases pumped with a pulsed electron beam, carried out in the early 1970s, proved that such generation is possible in principle. It was also established that lasing cannot be obtained in the continuous regime because of the large width of the spectrum to be amplified. This publication proposes an efficient mechanism for generating stimulated vacuum UV radiation in the indicated media, including in the continuous regime. The proposed mechanism explains the conflicting results of earlier experiments in the pulsed and continuous regimes.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. N. G.  Basov, V. A.  Danilychev, Yu. M.  Popov, D. D.  Khodkevich, “Laser operating in the vacuum region of the spectrum by excitation of liquid xenon with an electron beam,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 12, 473 (1970) [JETP Lett. 12, 329 (1970)].
  2. H. A.  Koehler, L. J.  Ferderber, D. L.  Redhead, P. J.  Ebert, “Stimulated emission in high-pressure xenon excited by high-current relativistic electron beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 198 (1972).
    [Crossref]
  3. H. A.  Koehler, L. J.  Ferderber, D. L.  Redhead, P. J.  Ebert, “Vacuum-ultraviolet emission from high-pressure xenon and argon excited by high-current relativistic electron beams,” Phys. Rev. 9, 768 (1974).
    [Crossref]
  4. F. G.  Houtermans, “Uber Massen-Wirkung im optischen Spektralgebiet und die Moglichkeit absolut negativ Absorption fur einige Falle von Molekulspektren (Licht-Lawine),” Helv. Phys. Acta 33, 933 (1960).
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  6. V. F.  Tarasenko, S. I.  Yakovlenko, “Rare-gas dimer and halide lasers,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 24, 1145 (1997) [Quantum Electron. 27, 1111 (1997)].
  7. W.  Sasaki, T.  Shirai, S.  Kubodera, J.  Kawanaka, T.  Igarashi, “Observation of vacuum-ultraviolet Kr2* laser oscillation pumped by a compact discharge device,” Opt. Lett. 26, 503 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  8. T.  Higashiguchi, S.  Mokuo, T.  Shirai, C.  Rajyaguru, W.  Sasaki, S.  Kubodera, “Dynamic of the discharge-pumped vacuum ultraviolet Kr2* laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1293 (2004).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  12. N. S.  Krylov, V. A.  Fok, “On the two basic interpretations of the relationship of the energy–time uncertainty,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 17, 93 (1947).
  13. V. A.  Fok, The Origin of Quantum Mechanics (Nauka, Moscow, 1976).
  14. G.  Gerasimov, “Excimer media gain,” Spectrosc. Lett. 34, 191 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  15. G. N.  Gerasimov, R.  Hallin, M. N.  Maleshin, F.  Kheijkenskjold, T.  Kuhn, P.  Sundber, “Radiation amplification by a hydrogen plasma,” Opt. Spektrosk. 92, 521 (2002) [Opt. Spectrosc. 92, 475 (2002)].
  16. G. N.  Gerasimov, “Generating narrow-band vacuum UV radiation by the injection-seeding method,” Opt. Zh. 76, No. 6, 75 (2009) [J. Opt. Technol. 76, 377 (2009)].
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    [Crossref]
  19. I. J.  Bigio, M.  Slatkine, “Injection-locking unstable resonator excimer lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19, 1426 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  20. T.  Eftimiopoulos, B. P.  Stoicheff, R. I.  Thompson, “Efficient population inversion in excimer states by supersonic expansion of discharge plasmas,” Opt. Lett. 14, 624 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  21. T.  Eftimiopoulos, B. P.  Stoicheff, “Argon excimer spectra in pulsed discharges with supersonic expansion,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1439 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  22. J. E.  Tucker, M. F.  Masters, B. L.  Wexler, S. K.  Searles, “Ar2 excimer spectra excited in pulsed discharges with supersonic expansion,” Opt. Lett. 17, 288 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  23. G.  Herzberg, Molecular Spectra and Molecular Structure (Van Nostrand, New York, 1950).
  24. O.  Cheshnovsky, B.  Raz, J.  Jortner, “Electronic energy transfer in rare-gas mixtures,” J. Chem. Phys. 59, 3301 (1973).
    [Crossref]
  25. J. D.  Cook, P. K.  Leichner, “Collisional and radiative excitation transfers in Kr–Xe mixtures: quenching of Kr,” Phys. Rev. A 31, 90 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  26. J. D.  Cook, P. K.  Leichner, “Collisional and radiative excitation transfers in Kr–Xe mixtures: emission from the Xe (3P1) resonant level and the Xe first continuum region,” Phys. Rev. A 43, 1614 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  27. Y.  Salamero, A.  Birot, H.  Brunet, H.  Dijols, J.  Caly, P.  Millet, J. P.  Montagne, “Energy transfer kinetics of the VUV emissions for Kr–Xe mixtures,” J. Chem. Phys. 74, 288 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  28. B.  Krylov, G.  Gerasimov, A.  Morozov, A.  Arnesen, R.  Hallin, F.  Heijkenskjold, “Energy-transfer studies in krypton–xenon mixtures excited in a cooled dc discharge,” Eur. Phys. J. D 8, 227 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  29. G. N.  Gerasimov, B. E.  Krylov, R.  Hallin, A.  Arnesen, “Parameters of VUV radiation from a DC capillary discharge in a mixture of krypton with xenon,” Opt. Spektrosk. 100, 896 (2006) [Opt. Spectrosc. 100, 825 (2006)].
    [Crossref]
  30. B.  Jansik, B.  Schimmelpfennig, H.  Agren, “Relativistic study of VUV radiation from Kr–Xe gas mixtures,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 042501 (2003).
    [Crossref]

2009 (1)

G. N.  Gerasimov, “Generating narrow-band vacuum UV radiation by the injection-seeding method,” Opt. Zh. 76, No. 6, 75 (2009) [J. Opt. Technol. 76, 377 (2009)].

2006 (1)

G. N.  Gerasimov, B. E.  Krylov, R.  Hallin, A.  Arnesen, “Parameters of VUV radiation from a DC capillary discharge in a mixture of krypton with xenon,” Opt. Spektrosk. 100, 896 (2006) [Opt. Spectrosc. 100, 825 (2006)].
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

T.  Higashiguchi, S.  Mokuo, T.  Shirai, C.  Rajyaguru, W.  Sasaki, S.  Kubodera, “Dynamic of the discharge-pumped vacuum ultraviolet Kr2* laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1293 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

B.  Jansik, B.  Schimmelpfennig, H.  Agren, “Relativistic study of VUV radiation from Kr–Xe gas mixtures,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 042501 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

G. N.  Gerasimov, R.  Hallin, M. N.  Maleshin, F.  Kheijkenskjold, T.  Kuhn, P.  Sundber, “Radiation amplification by a hydrogen plasma,” Opt. Spektrosk. 92, 521 (2002) [Opt. Spectrosc. 92, 475 (2002)].

2001 (2)

2000 (1)

B.  Krylov, G.  Gerasimov, A.  Morozov, A.  Arnesen, R.  Hallin, F.  Heijkenskjold, “Energy-transfer studies in krypton–xenon mixtures excited in a cooled dc discharge,” Eur. Phys. J. D 8, 227 (2000).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

V. F.  Tarasenko, S. I.  Yakovlenko, “Rare-gas dimer and halide lasers,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 24, 1145 (1997) [Quantum Electron. 27, 1111 (1997)].

1993 (1)

N. P.  Barnes, J. C.  Barnes, “Injection seeding 1: theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2670 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (2)

T.  Eftimiopoulos, B. P.  Stoicheff, “Argon excimer spectra in pulsed discharges with supersonic expansion,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1439 (1992).
[Crossref]

J. E.  Tucker, M. F.  Masters, B. L.  Wexler, S. K.  Searles, “Ar2 excimer spectra excited in pulsed discharges with supersonic expansion,” Opt. Lett. 17, 288 (1992).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

J. D.  Cook, P. K.  Leichner, “Collisional and radiative excitation transfers in Kr–Xe mixtures: emission from the Xe (3P1) resonant level and the Xe first continuum region,” Phys. Rev. A 43, 1614 (1991).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

O. A.  Zakharenko, A. A.  Kuznetsov, V. N.  Slinko, S. S.  Sulakshin, “Experimental investigation of VUV emission from Kr and Xe rare gases in a high-power high-pressure pulsed microwave discharge,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 17, 891 (1990) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 813 (1990)].

1989 (1)

1985 (1)

J. D.  Cook, P. K.  Leichner, “Collisional and radiative excitation transfers in Kr–Xe mixtures: quenching of Kr,” Phys. Rev. A 31, 90 (1985).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

I. J.  Bigio, M.  Slatkine, “Injection-locking unstable resonator excimer lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19, 1426 (1983).
[Crossref]

1981 (2)

I. J.  Bigio, M.  Slatkine, “Attainment of the theoretical minimum input power for injection locking of an unstable resonator KrF laser,” Opt. Lett. 7, 336 (1981).
[Crossref]

Y.  Salamero, A.  Birot, H.  Brunet, H.  Dijols, J.  Caly, P.  Millet, J. P.  Montagne, “Energy transfer kinetics of the VUV emissions for Kr–Xe mixtures,” J. Chem. Phys. 74, 288 (1981).
[Crossref]

1974 (1)

H. A.  Koehler, L. J.  Ferderber, D. L.  Redhead, P. J.  Ebert, “Vacuum-ultraviolet emission from high-pressure xenon and argon excited by high-current relativistic electron beams,” Phys. Rev. 9, 768 (1974).
[Crossref]

1973 (1)

O.  Cheshnovsky, B.  Raz, J.  Jortner, “Electronic energy transfer in rare-gas mixtures,” J. Chem. Phys. 59, 3301 (1973).
[Crossref]

1972 (1)

H. A.  Koehler, L. J.  Ferderber, D. L.  Redhead, P. J.  Ebert, “Stimulated emission in high-pressure xenon excited by high-current relativistic electron beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 198 (1972).
[Crossref]

1970 (1)

N. G.  Basov, V. A.  Danilychev, Yu. M.  Popov, D. D.  Khodkevich, “Laser operating in the vacuum region of the spectrum by excitation of liquid xenon with an electron beam,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 12, 473 (1970) [JETP Lett. 12, 329 (1970)].

1960 (1)

F. G.  Houtermans, “Uber Massen-Wirkung im optischen Spektralgebiet und die Moglichkeit absolut negativ Absorption fur einige Falle von Molekulspektren (Licht-Lawine),” Helv. Phys. Acta 33, 933 (1960).

1947 (1)

N. S.  Krylov, V. A.  Fok, “On the two basic interpretations of the relationship of the energy–time uncertainty,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 17, 93 (1947).

Agren, H.

B.  Jansik, B.  Schimmelpfennig, H.  Agren, “Relativistic study of VUV radiation from Kr–Xe gas mixtures,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 042501 (2003).
[Crossref]

Arnesen, A.

G. N.  Gerasimov, B. E.  Krylov, R.  Hallin, A.  Arnesen, “Parameters of VUV radiation from a DC capillary discharge in a mixture of krypton with xenon,” Opt. Spektrosk. 100, 896 (2006) [Opt. Spectrosc. 100, 825 (2006)].
[Crossref]

B.  Krylov, G.  Gerasimov, A.  Morozov, A.  Arnesen, R.  Hallin, F.  Heijkenskjold, “Energy-transfer studies in krypton–xenon mixtures excited in a cooled dc discharge,” Eur. Phys. J. D 8, 227 (2000).
[Crossref]

Barnes, J. C.

N. P.  Barnes, J. C.  Barnes, “Injection seeding 1: theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2670 (1993).
[Crossref]

Barnes, N. P.

N. P.  Barnes, J. C.  Barnes, “Injection seeding 1: theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2670 (1993).
[Crossref]

Basov, N. G.

N. G.  Basov, V. A.  Danilychev, Yu. M.  Popov, D. D.  Khodkevich, “Laser operating in the vacuum region of the spectrum by excitation of liquid xenon with an electron beam,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 12, 473 (1970) [JETP Lett. 12, 329 (1970)].

Bigio, I. J.

I. J.  Bigio, M.  Slatkine, “Injection-locking unstable resonator excimer lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19, 1426 (1983).
[Crossref]

I. J.  Bigio, M.  Slatkine, “Attainment of the theoretical minimum input power for injection locking of an unstable resonator KrF laser,” Opt. Lett. 7, 336 (1981).
[Crossref]

Birot, A.

Y.  Salamero, A.  Birot, H.  Brunet, H.  Dijols, J.  Caly, P.  Millet, J. P.  Montagne, “Energy transfer kinetics of the VUV emissions for Kr–Xe mixtures,” J. Chem. Phys. 74, 288 (1981).
[Crossref]

Brunet, H.

Y.  Salamero, A.  Birot, H.  Brunet, H.  Dijols, J.  Caly, P.  Millet, J. P.  Montagne, “Energy transfer kinetics of the VUV emissions for Kr–Xe mixtures,” J. Chem. Phys. 74, 288 (1981).
[Crossref]

Caly, J.

Y.  Salamero, A.  Birot, H.  Brunet, H.  Dijols, J.  Caly, P.  Millet, J. P.  Montagne, “Energy transfer kinetics of the VUV emissions for Kr–Xe mixtures,” J. Chem. Phys. 74, 288 (1981).
[Crossref]

Cheshnovsky, O.

O.  Cheshnovsky, B.  Raz, J.  Jortner, “Electronic energy transfer in rare-gas mixtures,” J. Chem. Phys. 59, 3301 (1973).
[Crossref]

Cook, J. D.

J. D.  Cook, P. K.  Leichner, “Collisional and radiative excitation transfers in Kr–Xe mixtures: emission from the Xe (3P1) resonant level and the Xe first continuum region,” Phys. Rev. A 43, 1614 (1991).
[Crossref]

J. D.  Cook, P. K.  Leichner, “Collisional and radiative excitation transfers in Kr–Xe mixtures: quenching of Kr,” Phys. Rev. A 31, 90 (1985).
[Crossref]

Danilychev, V. A.

N. G.  Basov, V. A.  Danilychev, Yu. M.  Popov, D. D.  Khodkevich, “Laser operating in the vacuum region of the spectrum by excitation of liquid xenon with an electron beam,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 12, 473 (1970) [JETP Lett. 12, 329 (1970)].

Dijols, H.

Y.  Salamero, A.  Birot, H.  Brunet, H.  Dijols, J.  Caly, P.  Millet, J. P.  Montagne, “Energy transfer kinetics of the VUV emissions for Kr–Xe mixtures,” J. Chem. Phys. 74, 288 (1981).
[Crossref]

Ebert, P. J.

H. A.  Koehler, L. J.  Ferderber, D. L.  Redhead, P. J.  Ebert, “Vacuum-ultraviolet emission from high-pressure xenon and argon excited by high-current relativistic electron beams,” Phys. Rev. 9, 768 (1974).
[Crossref]

H. A.  Koehler, L. J.  Ferderber, D. L.  Redhead, P. J.  Ebert, “Stimulated emission in high-pressure xenon excited by high-current relativistic electron beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 198 (1972).
[Crossref]

Eftimiopoulos, T.

T.  Eftimiopoulos, B. P.  Stoicheff, “Argon excimer spectra in pulsed discharges with supersonic expansion,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1439 (1992).
[Crossref]

T.  Eftimiopoulos, B. P.  Stoicheff, R. I.  Thompson, “Efficient population inversion in excimer states by supersonic expansion of discharge plasmas,” Opt. Lett. 14, 624 (1989).
[Crossref]

Ferderber, L. J.

H. A.  Koehler, L. J.  Ferderber, D. L.  Redhead, P. J.  Ebert, “Vacuum-ultraviolet emission from high-pressure xenon and argon excited by high-current relativistic electron beams,” Phys. Rev. 9, 768 (1974).
[Crossref]

H. A.  Koehler, L. J.  Ferderber, D. L.  Redhead, P. J.  Ebert, “Stimulated emission in high-pressure xenon excited by high-current relativistic electron beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 198 (1972).
[Crossref]

Fok, V. A.

N. S.  Krylov, V. A.  Fok, “On the two basic interpretations of the relationship of the energy–time uncertainty,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 17, 93 (1947).

V. A.  Fok, The Origin of Quantum Mechanics (Nauka, Moscow, 1976).

Gerasimov, G.

G.  Gerasimov, “Excimer media gain,” Spectrosc. Lett. 34, 191 (2001).
[Crossref]

B.  Krylov, G.  Gerasimov, A.  Morozov, A.  Arnesen, R.  Hallin, F.  Heijkenskjold, “Energy-transfer studies in krypton–xenon mixtures excited in a cooled dc discharge,” Eur. Phys. J. D 8, 227 (2000).
[Crossref]

Gerasimov, G. N.

G. N.  Gerasimov, “Generating narrow-band vacuum UV radiation by the injection-seeding method,” Opt. Zh. 76, No. 6, 75 (2009) [J. Opt. Technol. 76, 377 (2009)].

G. N.  Gerasimov, B. E.  Krylov, R.  Hallin, A.  Arnesen, “Parameters of VUV radiation from a DC capillary discharge in a mixture of krypton with xenon,” Opt. Spektrosk. 100, 896 (2006) [Opt. Spectrosc. 100, 825 (2006)].
[Crossref]

G. N.  Gerasimov, R.  Hallin, M. N.  Maleshin, F.  Kheijkenskjold, T.  Kuhn, P.  Sundber, “Radiation amplification by a hydrogen plasma,” Opt. Spektrosk. 92, 521 (2002) [Opt. Spectrosc. 92, 475 (2002)].

Hallin, R.

G. N.  Gerasimov, B. E.  Krylov, R.  Hallin, A.  Arnesen, “Parameters of VUV radiation from a DC capillary discharge in a mixture of krypton with xenon,” Opt. Spektrosk. 100, 896 (2006) [Opt. Spectrosc. 100, 825 (2006)].
[Crossref]

G. N.  Gerasimov, R.  Hallin, M. N.  Maleshin, F.  Kheijkenskjold, T.  Kuhn, P.  Sundber, “Radiation amplification by a hydrogen plasma,” Opt. Spektrosk. 92, 521 (2002) [Opt. Spectrosc. 92, 475 (2002)].

B.  Krylov, G.  Gerasimov, A.  Morozov, A.  Arnesen, R.  Hallin, F.  Heijkenskjold, “Energy-transfer studies in krypton–xenon mixtures excited in a cooled dc discharge,” Eur. Phys. J. D 8, 227 (2000).
[Crossref]

Heijkenskjold, F.

B.  Krylov, G.  Gerasimov, A.  Morozov, A.  Arnesen, R.  Hallin, F.  Heijkenskjold, “Energy-transfer studies in krypton–xenon mixtures excited in a cooled dc discharge,” Eur. Phys. J. D 8, 227 (2000).
[Crossref]

Herzberg, G.

G.  Herzberg, Molecular Spectra and Molecular Structure (Van Nostrand, New York, 1950).

Higashiguchi, T.

T.  Higashiguchi, S.  Mokuo, T.  Shirai, C.  Rajyaguru, W.  Sasaki, S.  Kubodera, “Dynamic of the discharge-pumped vacuum ultraviolet Kr2* laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1293 (2004).
[Crossref]

Houtermans, F. G.

F. G.  Houtermans, “Uber Massen-Wirkung im optischen Spektralgebiet und die Moglichkeit absolut negativ Absorption fur einige Falle von Molekulspektren (Licht-Lawine),” Helv. Phys. Acta 33, 933 (1960).

Igarashi, T.

Jansik, B.

B.  Jansik, B.  Schimmelpfennig, H.  Agren, “Relativistic study of VUV radiation from Kr–Xe gas mixtures,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 042501 (2003).
[Crossref]

Jortner, J.

O.  Cheshnovsky, B.  Raz, J.  Jortner, “Electronic energy transfer in rare-gas mixtures,” J. Chem. Phys. 59, 3301 (1973).
[Crossref]

Kawanaka, J.

Kheijkenskjold, F.

G. N.  Gerasimov, R.  Hallin, M. N.  Maleshin, F.  Kheijkenskjold, T.  Kuhn, P.  Sundber, “Radiation amplification by a hydrogen plasma,” Opt. Spektrosk. 92, 521 (2002) [Opt. Spectrosc. 92, 475 (2002)].

Khodkevich, D. D.

N. G.  Basov, V. A.  Danilychev, Yu. M.  Popov, D. D.  Khodkevich, “Laser operating in the vacuum region of the spectrum by excitation of liquid xenon with an electron beam,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 12, 473 (1970) [JETP Lett. 12, 329 (1970)].

Koehler, H. A.

H. A.  Koehler, L. J.  Ferderber, D. L.  Redhead, P. J.  Ebert, “Vacuum-ultraviolet emission from high-pressure xenon and argon excited by high-current relativistic electron beams,” Phys. Rev. 9, 768 (1974).
[Crossref]

H. A.  Koehler, L. J.  Ferderber, D. L.  Redhead, P. J.  Ebert, “Stimulated emission in high-pressure xenon excited by high-current relativistic electron beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 198 (1972).
[Crossref]

Krylov, B.

B.  Krylov, G.  Gerasimov, A.  Morozov, A.  Arnesen, R.  Hallin, F.  Heijkenskjold, “Energy-transfer studies in krypton–xenon mixtures excited in a cooled dc discharge,” Eur. Phys. J. D 8, 227 (2000).
[Crossref]

Krylov, B. E.

G. N.  Gerasimov, B. E.  Krylov, R.  Hallin, A.  Arnesen, “Parameters of VUV radiation from a DC capillary discharge in a mixture of krypton with xenon,” Opt. Spektrosk. 100, 896 (2006) [Opt. Spectrosc. 100, 825 (2006)].
[Crossref]

Krylov, N. S.

N. S.  Krylov, V. A.  Fok, “On the two basic interpretations of the relationship of the energy–time uncertainty,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 17, 93 (1947).

Kubodera, S.

T.  Higashiguchi, S.  Mokuo, T.  Shirai, C.  Rajyaguru, W.  Sasaki, S.  Kubodera, “Dynamic of the discharge-pumped vacuum ultraviolet Kr2* laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1293 (2004).
[Crossref]

W.  Sasaki, T.  Shirai, S.  Kubodera, J.  Kawanaka, T.  Igarashi, “Observation of vacuum-ultraviolet Kr2* laser oscillation pumped by a compact discharge device,” Opt. Lett. 26, 503 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kuhn, T.

G. N.  Gerasimov, R.  Hallin, M. N.  Maleshin, F.  Kheijkenskjold, T.  Kuhn, P.  Sundber, “Radiation amplification by a hydrogen plasma,” Opt. Spektrosk. 92, 521 (2002) [Opt. Spectrosc. 92, 475 (2002)].

Kuznetsov, A. A.

O. A.  Zakharenko, A. A.  Kuznetsov, V. N.  Slinko, S. S.  Sulakshin, “Experimental investigation of VUV emission from Kr and Xe rare gases in a high-power high-pressure pulsed microwave discharge,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 17, 891 (1990) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 813 (1990)].

Leichner, P. K.

J. D.  Cook, P. K.  Leichner, “Collisional and radiative excitation transfers in Kr–Xe mixtures: emission from the Xe (3P1) resonant level and the Xe first continuum region,” Phys. Rev. A 43, 1614 (1991).
[Crossref]

J. D.  Cook, P. K.  Leichner, “Collisional and radiative excitation transfers in Kr–Xe mixtures: quenching of Kr,” Phys. Rev. A 31, 90 (1985).
[Crossref]

Maleshin, M. N.

G. N.  Gerasimov, R.  Hallin, M. N.  Maleshin, F.  Kheijkenskjold, T.  Kuhn, P.  Sundber, “Radiation amplification by a hydrogen plasma,” Opt. Spektrosk. 92, 521 (2002) [Opt. Spectrosc. 92, 475 (2002)].

Masters, M. F.

Millet, P.

Y.  Salamero, A.  Birot, H.  Brunet, H.  Dijols, J.  Caly, P.  Millet, J. P.  Montagne, “Energy transfer kinetics of the VUV emissions for Kr–Xe mixtures,” J. Chem. Phys. 74, 288 (1981).
[Crossref]

Mokuo, S.

T.  Higashiguchi, S.  Mokuo, T.  Shirai, C.  Rajyaguru, W.  Sasaki, S.  Kubodera, “Dynamic of the discharge-pumped vacuum ultraviolet Kr2* laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1293 (2004).
[Crossref]

Montagne, J. P.

Y.  Salamero, A.  Birot, H.  Brunet, H.  Dijols, J.  Caly, P.  Millet, J. P.  Montagne, “Energy transfer kinetics of the VUV emissions for Kr–Xe mixtures,” J. Chem. Phys. 74, 288 (1981).
[Crossref]

Morozov, A.

B.  Krylov, G.  Gerasimov, A.  Morozov, A.  Arnesen, R.  Hallin, F.  Heijkenskjold, “Energy-transfer studies in krypton–xenon mixtures excited in a cooled dc discharge,” Eur. Phys. J. D 8, 227 (2000).
[Crossref]

Popov, Yu. M.

N. G.  Basov, V. A.  Danilychev, Yu. M.  Popov, D. D.  Khodkevich, “Laser operating in the vacuum region of the spectrum by excitation of liquid xenon with an electron beam,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 12, 473 (1970) [JETP Lett. 12, 329 (1970)].

Rajyaguru, C.

T.  Higashiguchi, S.  Mokuo, T.  Shirai, C.  Rajyaguru, W.  Sasaki, S.  Kubodera, “Dynamic of the discharge-pumped vacuum ultraviolet Kr2* laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1293 (2004).
[Crossref]

Raz, B.

O.  Cheshnovsky, B.  Raz, J.  Jortner, “Electronic energy transfer in rare-gas mixtures,” J. Chem. Phys. 59, 3301 (1973).
[Crossref]

Redhead, D. L.

H. A.  Koehler, L. J.  Ferderber, D. L.  Redhead, P. J.  Ebert, “Vacuum-ultraviolet emission from high-pressure xenon and argon excited by high-current relativistic electron beams,” Phys. Rev. 9, 768 (1974).
[Crossref]

H. A.  Koehler, L. J.  Ferderber, D. L.  Redhead, P. J.  Ebert, “Stimulated emission in high-pressure xenon excited by high-current relativistic electron beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 198 (1972).
[Crossref]

Salamero, Y.

Y.  Salamero, A.  Birot, H.  Brunet, H.  Dijols, J.  Caly, P.  Millet, J. P.  Montagne, “Energy transfer kinetics of the VUV emissions for Kr–Xe mixtures,” J. Chem. Phys. 74, 288 (1981).
[Crossref]

Sasaki, W.

T.  Higashiguchi, S.  Mokuo, T.  Shirai, C.  Rajyaguru, W.  Sasaki, S.  Kubodera, “Dynamic of the discharge-pumped vacuum ultraviolet Kr2* laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1293 (2004).
[Crossref]

W.  Sasaki, T.  Shirai, S.  Kubodera, J.  Kawanaka, T.  Igarashi, “Observation of vacuum-ultraviolet Kr2* laser oscillation pumped by a compact discharge device,” Opt. Lett. 26, 503 (2001).
[Crossref]

Schimmelpfennig, B.

B.  Jansik, B.  Schimmelpfennig, H.  Agren, “Relativistic study of VUV radiation from Kr–Xe gas mixtures,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 042501 (2003).
[Crossref]

Searles, S. K.

Shirai, T.

T.  Higashiguchi, S.  Mokuo, T.  Shirai, C.  Rajyaguru, W.  Sasaki, S.  Kubodera, “Dynamic of the discharge-pumped vacuum ultraviolet Kr2* laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1293 (2004).
[Crossref]

W.  Sasaki, T.  Shirai, S.  Kubodera, J.  Kawanaka, T.  Igarashi, “Observation of vacuum-ultraviolet Kr2* laser oscillation pumped by a compact discharge device,” Opt. Lett. 26, 503 (2001).
[Crossref]

Slatkine, M.

I. J.  Bigio, M.  Slatkine, “Injection-locking unstable resonator excimer lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19, 1426 (1983).
[Crossref]

I. J.  Bigio, M.  Slatkine, “Attainment of the theoretical minimum input power for injection locking of an unstable resonator KrF laser,” Opt. Lett. 7, 336 (1981).
[Crossref]

Slinko, V. N.

O. A.  Zakharenko, A. A.  Kuznetsov, V. N.  Slinko, S. S.  Sulakshin, “Experimental investigation of VUV emission from Kr and Xe rare gases in a high-power high-pressure pulsed microwave discharge,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 17, 891 (1990) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 813 (1990)].

Stoicheff, B. P.

T.  Eftimiopoulos, B. P.  Stoicheff, “Argon excimer spectra in pulsed discharges with supersonic expansion,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1439 (1992).
[Crossref]

T.  Eftimiopoulos, B. P.  Stoicheff, R. I.  Thompson, “Efficient population inversion in excimer states by supersonic expansion of discharge plasmas,” Opt. Lett. 14, 624 (1989).
[Crossref]

Sulakshin, S. S.

O. A.  Zakharenko, A. A.  Kuznetsov, V. N.  Slinko, S. S.  Sulakshin, “Experimental investigation of VUV emission from Kr and Xe rare gases in a high-power high-pressure pulsed microwave discharge,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 17, 891 (1990) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 813 (1990)].

Sundber, P.

G. N.  Gerasimov, R.  Hallin, M. N.  Maleshin, F.  Kheijkenskjold, T.  Kuhn, P.  Sundber, “Radiation amplification by a hydrogen plasma,” Opt. Spektrosk. 92, 521 (2002) [Opt. Spectrosc. 92, 475 (2002)].

Tarasenko, V. F.

V. F.  Tarasenko, S. I.  Yakovlenko, “Rare-gas dimer and halide lasers,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 24, 1145 (1997) [Quantum Electron. 27, 1111 (1997)].

Thompson, R. I.

Tucker, J. E.

Wexler, B. L.

Yakovlenko, S. I.

V. F.  Tarasenko, S. I.  Yakovlenko, “Rare-gas dimer and halide lasers,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 24, 1145 (1997) [Quantum Electron. 27, 1111 (1997)].

Zakharenko, O. A.

O. A.  Zakharenko, A. A.  Kuznetsov, V. N.  Slinko, S. S.  Sulakshin, “Experimental investigation of VUV emission from Kr and Xe rare gases in a high-power high-pressure pulsed microwave discharge,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 17, 891 (1990) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 813 (1990)].

Zvelto, O.

O.  Zvelto, Principles of Lasers (Plenum, New York, 1995).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. A.  Koehler, L. J.  Ferderber, D. L.  Redhead, P. J.  Ebert, “Stimulated emission in high-pressure xenon excited by high-current relativistic electron beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 198 (1972).
[Crossref]

Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

B.  Krylov, G.  Gerasimov, A.  Morozov, A.  Arnesen, R.  Hallin, F.  Heijkenskjold, “Energy-transfer studies in krypton–xenon mixtures excited in a cooled dc discharge,” Eur. Phys. J. D 8, 227 (2000).
[Crossref]

Helv. Phys. Acta (1)

F. G.  Houtermans, “Uber Massen-Wirkung im optischen Spektralgebiet und die Moglichkeit absolut negativ Absorption fur einige Falle von Molekulspektren (Licht-Lawine),” Helv. Phys. Acta 33, 933 (1960).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

T.  Eftimiopoulos, B. P.  Stoicheff, “Argon excimer spectra in pulsed discharges with supersonic expansion,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1439 (1992).
[Crossref]

I. J.  Bigio, M.  Slatkine, “Injection-locking unstable resonator excimer lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19, 1426 (1983).
[Crossref]

N. P.  Barnes, J. C.  Barnes, “Injection seeding 1: theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2670 (1993).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

T.  Higashiguchi, S.  Mokuo, T.  Shirai, C.  Rajyaguru, W.  Sasaki, S.  Kubodera, “Dynamic of the discharge-pumped vacuum ultraviolet Kr2* laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1293 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (2)

O.  Cheshnovsky, B.  Raz, J.  Jortner, “Electronic energy transfer in rare-gas mixtures,” J. Chem. Phys. 59, 3301 (1973).
[Crossref]

Y.  Salamero, A.  Birot, H.  Brunet, H.  Dijols, J.  Caly, P.  Millet, J. P.  Montagne, “Energy transfer kinetics of the VUV emissions for Kr–Xe mixtures,” J. Chem. Phys. 74, 288 (1981).
[Crossref]

Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) (2)

V. F.  Tarasenko, S. I.  Yakovlenko, “Rare-gas dimer and halide lasers,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 24, 1145 (1997) [Quantum Electron. 27, 1111 (1997)].

O. A.  Zakharenko, A. A.  Kuznetsov, V. N.  Slinko, S. S.  Sulakshin, “Experimental investigation of VUV emission from Kr and Xe rare gases in a high-power high-pressure pulsed microwave discharge,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 17, 891 (1990) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 813 (1990)].

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Spektrosk. (2)

G. N.  Gerasimov, R.  Hallin, M. N.  Maleshin, F.  Kheijkenskjold, T.  Kuhn, P.  Sundber, “Radiation amplification by a hydrogen plasma,” Opt. Spektrosk. 92, 521 (2002) [Opt. Spectrosc. 92, 475 (2002)].

G. N.  Gerasimov, B. E.  Krylov, R.  Hallin, A.  Arnesen, “Parameters of VUV radiation from a DC capillary discharge in a mixture of krypton with xenon,” Opt. Spektrosk. 100, 896 (2006) [Opt. Spectrosc. 100, 825 (2006)].
[Crossref]

Opt. Zh. (1)

G. N.  Gerasimov, “Generating narrow-band vacuum UV radiation by the injection-seeding method,” Opt. Zh. 76, No. 6, 75 (2009) [J. Opt. Technol. 76, 377 (2009)].

Phys. Rev. (1)

H. A.  Koehler, L. J.  Ferderber, D. L.  Redhead, P. J.  Ebert, “Vacuum-ultraviolet emission from high-pressure xenon and argon excited by high-current relativistic electron beams,” Phys. Rev. 9, 768 (1974).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (3)

B.  Jansik, B.  Schimmelpfennig, H.  Agren, “Relativistic study of VUV radiation from Kr–Xe gas mixtures,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 042501 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. D.  Cook, P. K.  Leichner, “Collisional and radiative excitation transfers in Kr–Xe mixtures: quenching of Kr,” Phys. Rev. A 31, 90 (1985).
[Crossref]

J. D.  Cook, P. K.  Leichner, “Collisional and radiative excitation transfers in Kr–Xe mixtures: emission from the Xe (3P1) resonant level and the Xe first continuum region,” Phys. Rev. A 43, 1614 (1991).
[Crossref]

Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. (1)

N. G.  Basov, V. A.  Danilychev, Yu. M.  Popov, D. D.  Khodkevich, “Laser operating in the vacuum region of the spectrum by excitation of liquid xenon with an electron beam,” Pis’ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 12, 473 (1970) [JETP Lett. 12, 329 (1970)].

Spectrosc. Lett. (1)

G.  Gerasimov, “Excimer media gain,” Spectrosc. Lett. 34, 191 (2001).
[Crossref]

Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. (1)

N. S.  Krylov, V. A.  Fok, “On the two basic interpretations of the relationship of the energy–time uncertainty,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 17, 93 (1947).

Other (5)

V. A.  Fok, The Origin of Quantum Mechanics (Nauka, Moscow, 1976).

A. M.  Prokhorov, ed., Laser Handbook, vol. 1 (Sovetskoe Radio, Moscow, 1978).

E. W.  McDaniel, W. L.  Nigham, eds., Gas Lasers (Academic, New York, 1982; Mir, Moscow, 1986).

G.  Herzberg, Molecular Spectra and Molecular Structure (Van Nostrand, New York, 1950).

O.  Zvelto, Principles of Lasers (Plenum, New York, 1995).

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