Abstract

This paper discusses the dynamics of the optical response of a nematic liquid crystal with positive dielectric anisotropy for splay deformation of the layer and how it is affected by the shape of the electric-field oscillations. The efficiency of the action of sinusoidal, bipolar, and unipolar meanders with different frequencies and polarities is compared. It is shown that using a unipolar meander promotes a substantial acceleration of the liquid crystal’s optical response when the electrical signal is simultaneously reduced.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. P.  Amosova, V. N.  Vasil’ev, N. L.  Ivanova, E. A.  Konshina, “Ways of increasing the response rate of electrically controlled optical devices based on nematic liquid crystals,” Opt. Zh. 77, No. 2, 3 (2010) [J. Opt. Technol. 77, 79 (2010)].
  2. E. A.  Konshina, M. A.  Fedorov, “Effect of boundary conditions on phase modulation of light in a nematic liquid crystal featuring the S-effect,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 32, No. 22, 15 (2006) [Tech. Phys. Lett. 32, 964 (2006)].
  3. V. N.  Vasil’ev, E. A.  Konshina, D. S.  Kostomarov, M. A.  Fedorov, L. P.  Amosova, E. O.  Gavrish, “Influence of the alignment layer and the liquid-crystal layer thickness on the characteristics of electrically controlled optical modulators,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 35, No. 11, 33 (2009) [Tech. Phys. Lett. 35, 498 (2009)].
  4. I. F.  Galin, E. A.  Konshina, “How the initial tilt angle of the director of a dual-frequency liquid crystal affects the electrooptic characteristics of cells,” Opt. Zh. 78, No. 6, 71 (2011) [J. Opt. Technol. 78, 400 (2011)].
  5. I. F.  Galin, E. A.  Konshina, “Pretilt angle effect on response time of dual frequency liquid crystal,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 553, 21 (2012).
  6. E. A.  Konshina, M. A.  Fedorov, L. P.  Amosova, M. V.  Isaev, D. S.  Kostomarov, “Optical transmission decay dynamics in dual-frequency nematic liquid crystal cells,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 34, No. 9, 87 (2008) [Tech. Phys. Lett. 34, 401 (2008)].
  7. D. A.  Vakulin, D. A.  Frenkel’, Certificate for the state registration of computer program No. 2011615197 on 9/9/2011.
  8. G.  Barbero, A. K.  Zvezdin, L. R.  Evangelista, “Ionic adsorption and equilibrium distribution of charges in a nematic cell,” Phys. Rev. E 59, 1846 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G.  Barbero, A. M.  Figueiredo Neto, F. C. M.  Freire, J.  Le Digabel, “Relaxation time for the ionic current in a nematic cell under a large electric field,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 52701 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S.  Biryukov, “Amplitude, mean, effective,” Zh. Radio No.  6, 58 (1999).

2012 (1)

I. F.  Galin, E. A.  Konshina, “Pretilt angle effect on response time of dual frequency liquid crystal,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 553, 21 (2012).

2011 (1)

I. F.  Galin, E. A.  Konshina, “How the initial tilt angle of the director of a dual-frequency liquid crystal affects the electrooptic characteristics of cells,” Opt. Zh. 78, No. 6, 71 (2011) [J. Opt. Technol. 78, 400 (2011)].

2010 (1)

L. P.  Amosova, V. N.  Vasil’ev, N. L.  Ivanova, E. A.  Konshina, “Ways of increasing the response rate of electrically controlled optical devices based on nematic liquid crystals,” Opt. Zh. 77, No. 2, 3 (2010) [J. Opt. Technol. 77, 79 (2010)].

2009 (1)

V. N.  Vasil’ev, E. A.  Konshina, D. S.  Kostomarov, M. A.  Fedorov, L. P.  Amosova, E. O.  Gavrish, “Influence of the alignment layer and the liquid-crystal layer thickness on the characteristics of electrically controlled optical modulators,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 35, No. 11, 33 (2009) [Tech. Phys. Lett. 35, 498 (2009)].

2008 (1)

E. A.  Konshina, M. A.  Fedorov, L. P.  Amosova, M. V.  Isaev, D. S.  Kostomarov, “Optical transmission decay dynamics in dual-frequency nematic liquid crystal cells,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 34, No. 9, 87 (2008) [Tech. Phys. Lett. 34, 401 (2008)].

2006 (2)

G.  Barbero, A. M.  Figueiredo Neto, F. C. M.  Freire, J.  Le Digabel, “Relaxation time for the ionic current in a nematic cell under a large electric field,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 52701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. A.  Konshina, M. A.  Fedorov, “Effect of boundary conditions on phase modulation of light in a nematic liquid crystal featuring the S-effect,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 32, No. 22, 15 (2006) [Tech. Phys. Lett. 32, 964 (2006)].

1999 (2)

S.  Biryukov, “Amplitude, mean, effective,” Zh. Radio No.  6, 58 (1999).

G.  Barbero, A. K.  Zvezdin, L. R.  Evangelista, “Ionic adsorption and equilibrium distribution of charges in a nematic cell,” Phys. Rev. E 59, 1846 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Amosova, L. P.

L. P.  Amosova, V. N.  Vasil’ev, N. L.  Ivanova, E. A.  Konshina, “Ways of increasing the response rate of electrically controlled optical devices based on nematic liquid crystals,” Opt. Zh. 77, No. 2, 3 (2010) [J. Opt. Technol. 77, 79 (2010)].

V. N.  Vasil’ev, E. A.  Konshina, D. S.  Kostomarov, M. A.  Fedorov, L. P.  Amosova, E. O.  Gavrish, “Influence of the alignment layer and the liquid-crystal layer thickness on the characteristics of electrically controlled optical modulators,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 35, No. 11, 33 (2009) [Tech. Phys. Lett. 35, 498 (2009)].

E. A.  Konshina, M. A.  Fedorov, L. P.  Amosova, M. V.  Isaev, D. S.  Kostomarov, “Optical transmission decay dynamics in dual-frequency nematic liquid crystal cells,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 34, No. 9, 87 (2008) [Tech. Phys. Lett. 34, 401 (2008)].

Barbero, G.

G.  Barbero, A. M.  Figueiredo Neto, F. C. M.  Freire, J.  Le Digabel, “Relaxation time for the ionic current in a nematic cell under a large electric field,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 52701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G.  Barbero, A. K.  Zvezdin, L. R.  Evangelista, “Ionic adsorption and equilibrium distribution of charges in a nematic cell,” Phys. Rev. E 59, 1846 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Biryukov, S.

S.  Biryukov, “Amplitude, mean, effective,” Zh. Radio No.  6, 58 (1999).

Evangelista, L. R.

G.  Barbero, A. K.  Zvezdin, L. R.  Evangelista, “Ionic adsorption and equilibrium distribution of charges in a nematic cell,” Phys. Rev. E 59, 1846 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fedorov, M. A.

V. N.  Vasil’ev, E. A.  Konshina, D. S.  Kostomarov, M. A.  Fedorov, L. P.  Amosova, E. O.  Gavrish, “Influence of the alignment layer and the liquid-crystal layer thickness on the characteristics of electrically controlled optical modulators,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 35, No. 11, 33 (2009) [Tech. Phys. Lett. 35, 498 (2009)].

E. A.  Konshina, M. A.  Fedorov, L. P.  Amosova, M. V.  Isaev, D. S.  Kostomarov, “Optical transmission decay dynamics in dual-frequency nematic liquid crystal cells,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 34, No. 9, 87 (2008) [Tech. Phys. Lett. 34, 401 (2008)].

E. A.  Konshina, M. A.  Fedorov, “Effect of boundary conditions on phase modulation of light in a nematic liquid crystal featuring the S-effect,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 32, No. 22, 15 (2006) [Tech. Phys. Lett. 32, 964 (2006)].

Figueiredo Neto, A. M.

G.  Barbero, A. M.  Figueiredo Neto, F. C. M.  Freire, J.  Le Digabel, “Relaxation time for the ionic current in a nematic cell under a large electric field,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 52701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Freire, F. C. M.

G.  Barbero, A. M.  Figueiredo Neto, F. C. M.  Freire, J.  Le Digabel, “Relaxation time for the ionic current in a nematic cell under a large electric field,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 52701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Frenkel’, D. A.

D. A.  Vakulin, D. A.  Frenkel’, Certificate for the state registration of computer program No. 2011615197 on 9/9/2011.

Galin, I. F.

I. F.  Galin, E. A.  Konshina, “Pretilt angle effect on response time of dual frequency liquid crystal,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 553, 21 (2012).

I. F.  Galin, E. A.  Konshina, “How the initial tilt angle of the director of a dual-frequency liquid crystal affects the electrooptic characteristics of cells,” Opt. Zh. 78, No. 6, 71 (2011) [J. Opt. Technol. 78, 400 (2011)].

Gavrish, E. O.

V. N.  Vasil’ev, E. A.  Konshina, D. S.  Kostomarov, M. A.  Fedorov, L. P.  Amosova, E. O.  Gavrish, “Influence of the alignment layer and the liquid-crystal layer thickness on the characteristics of electrically controlled optical modulators,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 35, No. 11, 33 (2009) [Tech. Phys. Lett. 35, 498 (2009)].

Isaev, M. V.

E. A.  Konshina, M. A.  Fedorov, L. P.  Amosova, M. V.  Isaev, D. S.  Kostomarov, “Optical transmission decay dynamics in dual-frequency nematic liquid crystal cells,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 34, No. 9, 87 (2008) [Tech. Phys. Lett. 34, 401 (2008)].

Ivanova, N. L.

L. P.  Amosova, V. N.  Vasil’ev, N. L.  Ivanova, E. A.  Konshina, “Ways of increasing the response rate of electrically controlled optical devices based on nematic liquid crystals,” Opt. Zh. 77, No. 2, 3 (2010) [J. Opt. Technol. 77, 79 (2010)].

Konshina, E. A.

I. F.  Galin, E. A.  Konshina, “Pretilt angle effect on response time of dual frequency liquid crystal,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 553, 21 (2012).

I. F.  Galin, E. A.  Konshina, “How the initial tilt angle of the director of a dual-frequency liquid crystal affects the electrooptic characteristics of cells,” Opt. Zh. 78, No. 6, 71 (2011) [J. Opt. Technol. 78, 400 (2011)].

L. P.  Amosova, V. N.  Vasil’ev, N. L.  Ivanova, E. A.  Konshina, “Ways of increasing the response rate of electrically controlled optical devices based on nematic liquid crystals,” Opt. Zh. 77, No. 2, 3 (2010) [J. Opt. Technol. 77, 79 (2010)].

V. N.  Vasil’ev, E. A.  Konshina, D. S.  Kostomarov, M. A.  Fedorov, L. P.  Amosova, E. O.  Gavrish, “Influence of the alignment layer and the liquid-crystal layer thickness on the characteristics of electrically controlled optical modulators,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 35, No. 11, 33 (2009) [Tech. Phys. Lett. 35, 498 (2009)].

E. A.  Konshina, M. A.  Fedorov, L. P.  Amosova, M. V.  Isaev, D. S.  Kostomarov, “Optical transmission decay dynamics in dual-frequency nematic liquid crystal cells,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 34, No. 9, 87 (2008) [Tech. Phys. Lett. 34, 401 (2008)].

E. A.  Konshina, M. A.  Fedorov, “Effect of boundary conditions on phase modulation of light in a nematic liquid crystal featuring the S-effect,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 32, No. 22, 15 (2006) [Tech. Phys. Lett. 32, 964 (2006)].

Kostomarov, D. S.

V. N.  Vasil’ev, E. A.  Konshina, D. S.  Kostomarov, M. A.  Fedorov, L. P.  Amosova, E. O.  Gavrish, “Influence of the alignment layer and the liquid-crystal layer thickness on the characteristics of electrically controlled optical modulators,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 35, No. 11, 33 (2009) [Tech. Phys. Lett. 35, 498 (2009)].

E. A.  Konshina, M. A.  Fedorov, L. P.  Amosova, M. V.  Isaev, D. S.  Kostomarov, “Optical transmission decay dynamics in dual-frequency nematic liquid crystal cells,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 34, No. 9, 87 (2008) [Tech. Phys. Lett. 34, 401 (2008)].

Le Digabel, J.

G.  Barbero, A. M.  Figueiredo Neto, F. C. M.  Freire, J.  Le Digabel, “Relaxation time for the ionic current in a nematic cell under a large electric field,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 52701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vakulin, D. A.

D. A.  Vakulin, D. A.  Frenkel’, Certificate for the state registration of computer program No. 2011615197 on 9/9/2011.

Vasil’ev, V. N.

L. P.  Amosova, V. N.  Vasil’ev, N. L.  Ivanova, E. A.  Konshina, “Ways of increasing the response rate of electrically controlled optical devices based on nematic liquid crystals,” Opt. Zh. 77, No. 2, 3 (2010) [J. Opt. Technol. 77, 79 (2010)].

V. N.  Vasil’ev, E. A.  Konshina, D. S.  Kostomarov, M. A.  Fedorov, L. P.  Amosova, E. O.  Gavrish, “Influence of the alignment layer and the liquid-crystal layer thickness on the characteristics of electrically controlled optical modulators,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 35, No. 11, 33 (2009) [Tech. Phys. Lett. 35, 498 (2009)].

Zvezdin, A. K.

G.  Barbero, A. K.  Zvezdin, L. R.  Evangelista, “Ionic adsorption and equilibrium distribution of charges in a nematic cell,” Phys. Rev. E 59, 1846 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (1)

I. F.  Galin, E. A.  Konshina, “Pretilt angle effect on response time of dual frequency liquid crystal,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 553, 21 (2012).

Opt. Zh. (2)

L. P.  Amosova, V. N.  Vasil’ev, N. L.  Ivanova, E. A.  Konshina, “Ways of increasing the response rate of electrically controlled optical devices based on nematic liquid crystals,” Opt. Zh. 77, No. 2, 3 (2010) [J. Opt. Technol. 77, 79 (2010)].

I. F.  Galin, E. A.  Konshina, “How the initial tilt angle of the director of a dual-frequency liquid crystal affects the electrooptic characteristics of cells,” Opt. Zh. 78, No. 6, 71 (2011) [J. Opt. Technol. 78, 400 (2011)].

Phys. Rev. E (2)

G.  Barbero, A. K.  Zvezdin, L. R.  Evangelista, “Ionic adsorption and equilibrium distribution of charges in a nematic cell,” Phys. Rev. E 59, 1846 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G.  Barbero, A. M.  Figueiredo Neto, F. C. M.  Freire, J.  Le Digabel, “Relaxation time for the ionic current in a nematic cell under a large electric field,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 52701 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. (3)

E. A.  Konshina, M. A.  Fedorov, “Effect of boundary conditions on phase modulation of light in a nematic liquid crystal featuring the S-effect,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 32, No. 22, 15 (2006) [Tech. Phys. Lett. 32, 964 (2006)].

V. N.  Vasil’ev, E. A.  Konshina, D. S.  Kostomarov, M. A.  Fedorov, L. P.  Amosova, E. O.  Gavrish, “Influence of the alignment layer and the liquid-crystal layer thickness on the characteristics of electrically controlled optical modulators,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 35, No. 11, 33 (2009) [Tech. Phys. Lett. 35, 498 (2009)].

E. A.  Konshina, M. A.  Fedorov, L. P.  Amosova, M. V.  Isaev, D. S.  Kostomarov, “Optical transmission decay dynamics in dual-frequency nematic liquid crystal cells,” Pis’ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 34, No. 9, 87 (2008) [Tech. Phys. Lett. 34, 401 (2008)].

Zh. Radio (1)

S.  Biryukov, “Amplitude, mean, effective,” Zh. Radio No.  6, 58 (1999).

Other (1)

D. A.  Vakulin, D. A.  Frenkel’, Certificate for the state registration of computer program No. 2011615197 on 9/9/2011.

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