Abstract

Short-pulse laser radiation focused on the surface of a material can simultaneously cause a large number of interconnected nonequilibrium processes that occur in a submicron interval within several picoseconds. Under the implemented extremal conditions, the ablation mechanism induced in a solid substance is extremely complex and has elicited numerous contradictory interpretations. A possible way to investigate its mechanism under strong nonequilibrium conditions is by using molecular dynamics. This method is used in this paper as a basis for a hybrid atomistically continuous model to describe how a picosecond laser pulse interacts with single-crystal and polycrystalline targets made from gold. The kinetics and the mechanism of induced ablation are studied. Differences are detected, and their causes are determined.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. B. N.  Chichkov, C.  Momma, S.  Nolte, F.  von Alvensleben, A.  Tuennermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys. A 63, 109 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K.-H.  Leitz, B.  Redlingshöfer, Y.  Reg, A.  Otto, M.  Schmidt, “Metal ablation with short and ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Procedia 12, 230 (2011).
  3. S. I.  Anisimov, B. L.  Kapeliovich, T. L.  Perelman, “Electron emission from metal surfaces exposed to ultra-short laser pulses,” Sov. Phys. JETP 39, 375 (1974).
  4. J. L.  Hostetler, A. N.  Smith, P. M.  Norris, “Thin-film thermal conductivity and thickness measurements using picosecond ultrasonics,” Microscale Thermophys. Eng. 1, 237 (1997).
  5. D. S.  Ivanov, L. V.  Zhigilei, “Effect of pressure relaxation on the mechanisms of short-pulse laser melting,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 105701 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. B.  Rethfeld, K.  Sokolowski-Tinten, D.  von der Linde, S. I.  Anisimov, “Ultrafast thermal melting of laser-excited solids by homogeneous nucleation,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 092103 (2002).
  7. J.  Hohlfeld, S.-S.  Wellershoff, J.  Gudde, U.  Conrad, V.  Jahnke, E.  Matthias, “Electron and lattice dynamics following optical excitation of metals,” Chem. Phys. 251, 237 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. S.  Ivanov, B. C.  Rethfeld, “The effect of pulse duration on the character of laser heating: photo-mechanical vs. photo-thermal damage of metal targets,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255, 9724 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. S.  Ivanov, L. V.  Zhigilei, “Combined atomistic-continuum modeling of short-pulse laser melting and disintegration of metal films,” Phys. Rev. B 68, 064114 (2003).
  10. V. V.  Zhakhovskii, N. A.  Inogamov, Yu. V.  Petrov, S. I.  Ashitkov, K.  Nishihara, “Molecular-dynamics simulation of femtosecond ablation and spallation with different interatomic potentials,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255, 9592 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. S.  Ivanov, A. I.  Kuznetsov, V. P.  Lipp, B.  Rethfeld, B. N.  Chichkov, M. E.  Garcia, W.  Schulz, “Short-laser-pulse surface nanostructuring on thin metal films: direct comparison of molecular dynamics modeling and experiment,” Appl. Phys. A 111, 675 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S.  Palomba, R. E.  Palmer, “Patterned films of size-selected Au clusters on optical substrates,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 044304 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C.  Schäfer, H. M.  Urbassek, L. V.  Zhigilei, B. J.  Garrison, “Pressure-transmitting boundary conditions for molecular dynamics simulations,” Comput. Mater. Sci. 24, 421 (2002).
  14. L. V.  Zhigilei, Z.  Lin, D. S.  Ivanov, “Atomistic modeling of short-pulse laser ablation of metals: connections between melting, spallation, and phase explosion,” J. Chem. Phys. 113, 11892 (2009).
  15. H.  Jarmakani, B.  Maddox, C. T.  Wei, D.  Kalantar, M. A.  Meyers, “Laser shock-induced spalling and fragmentation in vanadium,” Acta Mater. 58, 4604 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  16. D. S.  Ivanov, V. P.  Veiko, E.  Jakovlev, B.  Rethfeld, M. E.  Garcia, “Molecular dynamics study of the short laser pulse ablation: quality and efficiency in production,” submitted to Appl. Phys. A.
  17. P. E.  Hopkins, P. M.  Norris, L. M.  Phinney, S. A.  Policastro, R. G.  Kelly, “Thermal conductivity in nanoporous gold films during electron–phonon nonequilibrium,” J. Phys. Chem. C 2008, 418050 (2008).

2013 (1)

D. S.  Ivanov, A. I.  Kuznetsov, V. P.  Lipp, B.  Rethfeld, B. N.  Chichkov, M. E.  Garcia, W.  Schulz, “Short-laser-pulse surface nanostructuring on thin metal films: direct comparison of molecular dynamics modeling and experiment,” Appl. Phys. A 111, 675 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

K.-H.  Leitz, B.  Redlingshöfer, Y.  Reg, A.  Otto, M.  Schmidt, “Metal ablation with short and ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Procedia 12, 230 (2011).

2010 (1)

H.  Jarmakani, B.  Maddox, C. T.  Wei, D.  Kalantar, M. A.  Meyers, “Laser shock-induced spalling and fragmentation in vanadium,” Acta Mater. 58, 4604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

V. V.  Zhakhovskii, N. A.  Inogamov, Yu. V.  Petrov, S. I.  Ashitkov, K.  Nishihara, “Molecular-dynamics simulation of femtosecond ablation and spallation with different interatomic potentials,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255, 9592 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. V.  Zhigilei, Z.  Lin, D. S.  Ivanov, “Atomistic modeling of short-pulse laser ablation of metals: connections between melting, spallation, and phase explosion,” J. Chem. Phys. 113, 11892 (2009).

D. S.  Ivanov, B. C.  Rethfeld, “The effect of pulse duration on the character of laser heating: photo-mechanical vs. photo-thermal damage of metal targets,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255, 9724 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

P. E.  Hopkins, P. M.  Norris, L. M.  Phinney, S. A.  Policastro, R. G.  Kelly, “Thermal conductivity in nanoporous gold films during electron–phonon nonequilibrium,” J. Phys. Chem. C 2008, 418050 (2008).

2007 (1)

S.  Palomba, R. E.  Palmer, “Patterned films of size-selected Au clusters on optical substrates,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 044304 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

D. S.  Ivanov, L. V.  Zhigilei, “Combined atomistic-continuum modeling of short-pulse laser melting and disintegration of metal films,” Phys. Rev. B 68, 064114 (2003).

D. S.  Ivanov, L. V.  Zhigilei, “Effect of pressure relaxation on the mechanisms of short-pulse laser melting,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 105701 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

B.  Rethfeld, K.  Sokolowski-Tinten, D.  von der Linde, S. I.  Anisimov, “Ultrafast thermal melting of laser-excited solids by homogeneous nucleation,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 092103 (2002).

C.  Schäfer, H. M.  Urbassek, L. V.  Zhigilei, B. J.  Garrison, “Pressure-transmitting boundary conditions for molecular dynamics simulations,” Comput. Mater. Sci. 24, 421 (2002).

2000 (1)

J.  Hohlfeld, S.-S.  Wellershoff, J.  Gudde, U.  Conrad, V.  Jahnke, E.  Matthias, “Electron and lattice dynamics following optical excitation of metals,” Chem. Phys. 251, 237 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

J. L.  Hostetler, A. N.  Smith, P. M.  Norris, “Thin-film thermal conductivity and thickness measurements using picosecond ultrasonics,” Microscale Thermophys. Eng. 1, 237 (1997).

1996 (1)

B. N.  Chichkov, C.  Momma, S.  Nolte, F.  von Alvensleben, A.  Tuennermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys. A 63, 109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

S. I.  Anisimov, B. L.  Kapeliovich, T. L.  Perelman, “Electron emission from metal surfaces exposed to ultra-short laser pulses,” Sov. Phys. JETP 39, 375 (1974).

Anisimov, S. I.

B.  Rethfeld, K.  Sokolowski-Tinten, D.  von der Linde, S. I.  Anisimov, “Ultrafast thermal melting of laser-excited solids by homogeneous nucleation,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 092103 (2002).

S. I.  Anisimov, B. L.  Kapeliovich, T. L.  Perelman, “Electron emission from metal surfaces exposed to ultra-short laser pulses,” Sov. Phys. JETP 39, 375 (1974).

Ashitkov, S. I.

V. V.  Zhakhovskii, N. A.  Inogamov, Yu. V.  Petrov, S. I.  Ashitkov, K.  Nishihara, “Molecular-dynamics simulation of femtosecond ablation and spallation with different interatomic potentials,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255, 9592 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chichkov, B. N.

D. S.  Ivanov, A. I.  Kuznetsov, V. P.  Lipp, B.  Rethfeld, B. N.  Chichkov, M. E.  Garcia, W.  Schulz, “Short-laser-pulse surface nanostructuring on thin metal films: direct comparison of molecular dynamics modeling and experiment,” Appl. Phys. A 111, 675 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. N.  Chichkov, C.  Momma, S.  Nolte, F.  von Alvensleben, A.  Tuennermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys. A 63, 109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Conrad, U.

J.  Hohlfeld, S.-S.  Wellershoff, J.  Gudde, U.  Conrad, V.  Jahnke, E.  Matthias, “Electron and lattice dynamics following optical excitation of metals,” Chem. Phys. 251, 237 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Garcia, M. E.

D. S.  Ivanov, A. I.  Kuznetsov, V. P.  Lipp, B.  Rethfeld, B. N.  Chichkov, M. E.  Garcia, W.  Schulz, “Short-laser-pulse surface nanostructuring on thin metal films: direct comparison of molecular dynamics modeling and experiment,” Appl. Phys. A 111, 675 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. S.  Ivanov, V. P.  Veiko, E.  Jakovlev, B.  Rethfeld, M. E.  Garcia, “Molecular dynamics study of the short laser pulse ablation: quality and efficiency in production,” submitted to Appl. Phys. A.

Garrison, B. J.

C.  Schäfer, H. M.  Urbassek, L. V.  Zhigilei, B. J.  Garrison, “Pressure-transmitting boundary conditions for molecular dynamics simulations,” Comput. Mater. Sci. 24, 421 (2002).

Gudde, J.

J.  Hohlfeld, S.-S.  Wellershoff, J.  Gudde, U.  Conrad, V.  Jahnke, E.  Matthias, “Electron and lattice dynamics following optical excitation of metals,” Chem. Phys. 251, 237 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hohlfeld, J.

J.  Hohlfeld, S.-S.  Wellershoff, J.  Gudde, U.  Conrad, V.  Jahnke, E.  Matthias, “Electron and lattice dynamics following optical excitation of metals,” Chem. Phys. 251, 237 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hopkins, P. E.

P. E.  Hopkins, P. M.  Norris, L. M.  Phinney, S. A.  Policastro, R. G.  Kelly, “Thermal conductivity in nanoporous gold films during electron–phonon nonequilibrium,” J. Phys. Chem. C 2008, 418050 (2008).

Hostetler, J. L.

J. L.  Hostetler, A. N.  Smith, P. M.  Norris, “Thin-film thermal conductivity and thickness measurements using picosecond ultrasonics,” Microscale Thermophys. Eng. 1, 237 (1997).

Inogamov, N. A.

V. V.  Zhakhovskii, N. A.  Inogamov, Yu. V.  Petrov, S. I.  Ashitkov, K.  Nishihara, “Molecular-dynamics simulation of femtosecond ablation and spallation with different interatomic potentials,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255, 9592 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, D. S.

D. S.  Ivanov, A. I.  Kuznetsov, V. P.  Lipp, B.  Rethfeld, B. N.  Chichkov, M. E.  Garcia, W.  Schulz, “Short-laser-pulse surface nanostructuring on thin metal films: direct comparison of molecular dynamics modeling and experiment,” Appl. Phys. A 111, 675 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. S.  Ivanov, B. C.  Rethfeld, “The effect of pulse duration on the character of laser heating: photo-mechanical vs. photo-thermal damage of metal targets,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255, 9724 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. V.  Zhigilei, Z.  Lin, D. S.  Ivanov, “Atomistic modeling of short-pulse laser ablation of metals: connections between melting, spallation, and phase explosion,” J. Chem. Phys. 113, 11892 (2009).

D. S.  Ivanov, L. V.  Zhigilei, “Effect of pressure relaxation on the mechanisms of short-pulse laser melting,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 105701 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. S.  Ivanov, L. V.  Zhigilei, “Combined atomistic-continuum modeling of short-pulse laser melting and disintegration of metal films,” Phys. Rev. B 68, 064114 (2003).

D. S.  Ivanov, V. P.  Veiko, E.  Jakovlev, B.  Rethfeld, M. E.  Garcia, “Molecular dynamics study of the short laser pulse ablation: quality and efficiency in production,” submitted to Appl. Phys. A.

Jahnke, V.

J.  Hohlfeld, S.-S.  Wellershoff, J.  Gudde, U.  Conrad, V.  Jahnke, E.  Matthias, “Electron and lattice dynamics following optical excitation of metals,” Chem. Phys. 251, 237 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jakovlev, E.

D. S.  Ivanov, V. P.  Veiko, E.  Jakovlev, B.  Rethfeld, M. E.  Garcia, “Molecular dynamics study of the short laser pulse ablation: quality and efficiency in production,” submitted to Appl. Phys. A.

Jarmakani, H.

H.  Jarmakani, B.  Maddox, C. T.  Wei, D.  Kalantar, M. A.  Meyers, “Laser shock-induced spalling and fragmentation in vanadium,” Acta Mater. 58, 4604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kalantar, D.

H.  Jarmakani, B.  Maddox, C. T.  Wei, D.  Kalantar, M. A.  Meyers, “Laser shock-induced spalling and fragmentation in vanadium,” Acta Mater. 58, 4604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kapeliovich, B. L.

S. I.  Anisimov, B. L.  Kapeliovich, T. L.  Perelman, “Electron emission from metal surfaces exposed to ultra-short laser pulses,” Sov. Phys. JETP 39, 375 (1974).

Kelly, R. G.

P. E.  Hopkins, P. M.  Norris, L. M.  Phinney, S. A.  Policastro, R. G.  Kelly, “Thermal conductivity in nanoporous gold films during electron–phonon nonequilibrium,” J. Phys. Chem. C 2008, 418050 (2008).

Kuznetsov, A. I.

D. S.  Ivanov, A. I.  Kuznetsov, V. P.  Lipp, B.  Rethfeld, B. N.  Chichkov, M. E.  Garcia, W.  Schulz, “Short-laser-pulse surface nanostructuring on thin metal films: direct comparison of molecular dynamics modeling and experiment,” Appl. Phys. A 111, 675 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Leitz, K.-H.

K.-H.  Leitz, B.  Redlingshöfer, Y.  Reg, A.  Otto, M.  Schmidt, “Metal ablation with short and ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Procedia 12, 230 (2011).

Lin, Z.

L. V.  Zhigilei, Z.  Lin, D. S.  Ivanov, “Atomistic modeling of short-pulse laser ablation of metals: connections between melting, spallation, and phase explosion,” J. Chem. Phys. 113, 11892 (2009).

Lipp, V. P.

D. S.  Ivanov, A. I.  Kuznetsov, V. P.  Lipp, B.  Rethfeld, B. N.  Chichkov, M. E.  Garcia, W.  Schulz, “Short-laser-pulse surface nanostructuring on thin metal films: direct comparison of molecular dynamics modeling and experiment,” Appl. Phys. A 111, 675 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Maddox, B.

H.  Jarmakani, B.  Maddox, C. T.  Wei, D.  Kalantar, M. A.  Meyers, “Laser shock-induced spalling and fragmentation in vanadium,” Acta Mater. 58, 4604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Matthias, E.

J.  Hohlfeld, S.-S.  Wellershoff, J.  Gudde, U.  Conrad, V.  Jahnke, E.  Matthias, “Electron and lattice dynamics following optical excitation of metals,” Chem. Phys. 251, 237 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Meyers, M. A.

H.  Jarmakani, B.  Maddox, C. T.  Wei, D.  Kalantar, M. A.  Meyers, “Laser shock-induced spalling and fragmentation in vanadium,” Acta Mater. 58, 4604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Momma, C.

B. N.  Chichkov, C.  Momma, S.  Nolte, F.  von Alvensleben, A.  Tuennermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys. A 63, 109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nishihara, K.

V. V.  Zhakhovskii, N. A.  Inogamov, Yu. V.  Petrov, S. I.  Ashitkov, K.  Nishihara, “Molecular-dynamics simulation of femtosecond ablation and spallation with different interatomic potentials,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255, 9592 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nolte, S.

B. N.  Chichkov, C.  Momma, S.  Nolte, F.  von Alvensleben, A.  Tuennermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys. A 63, 109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Norris, P. M.

P. E.  Hopkins, P. M.  Norris, L. M.  Phinney, S. A.  Policastro, R. G.  Kelly, “Thermal conductivity in nanoporous gold films during electron–phonon nonequilibrium,” J. Phys. Chem. C 2008, 418050 (2008).

J. L.  Hostetler, A. N.  Smith, P. M.  Norris, “Thin-film thermal conductivity and thickness measurements using picosecond ultrasonics,” Microscale Thermophys. Eng. 1, 237 (1997).

Otto, A.

K.-H.  Leitz, B.  Redlingshöfer, Y.  Reg, A.  Otto, M.  Schmidt, “Metal ablation with short and ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Procedia 12, 230 (2011).

Palmer, R. E.

S.  Palomba, R. E.  Palmer, “Patterned films of size-selected Au clusters on optical substrates,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 044304 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Palomba, S.

S.  Palomba, R. E.  Palmer, “Patterned films of size-selected Au clusters on optical substrates,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 044304 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Perelman, T. L.

S. I.  Anisimov, B. L.  Kapeliovich, T. L.  Perelman, “Electron emission from metal surfaces exposed to ultra-short laser pulses,” Sov. Phys. JETP 39, 375 (1974).

Petrov, Yu. V.

V. V.  Zhakhovskii, N. A.  Inogamov, Yu. V.  Petrov, S. I.  Ashitkov, K.  Nishihara, “Molecular-dynamics simulation of femtosecond ablation and spallation with different interatomic potentials,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255, 9592 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phinney, L. M.

P. E.  Hopkins, P. M.  Norris, L. M.  Phinney, S. A.  Policastro, R. G.  Kelly, “Thermal conductivity in nanoporous gold films during electron–phonon nonequilibrium,” J. Phys. Chem. C 2008, 418050 (2008).

Policastro, S. A.

P. E.  Hopkins, P. M.  Norris, L. M.  Phinney, S. A.  Policastro, R. G.  Kelly, “Thermal conductivity in nanoporous gold films during electron–phonon nonequilibrium,” J. Phys. Chem. C 2008, 418050 (2008).

Redlingshöfer, B.

K.-H.  Leitz, B.  Redlingshöfer, Y.  Reg, A.  Otto, M.  Schmidt, “Metal ablation with short and ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Procedia 12, 230 (2011).

Reg, Y.

K.-H.  Leitz, B.  Redlingshöfer, Y.  Reg, A.  Otto, M.  Schmidt, “Metal ablation with short and ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Procedia 12, 230 (2011).

Rethfeld, B.

D. S.  Ivanov, A. I.  Kuznetsov, V. P.  Lipp, B.  Rethfeld, B. N.  Chichkov, M. E.  Garcia, W.  Schulz, “Short-laser-pulse surface nanostructuring on thin metal films: direct comparison of molecular dynamics modeling and experiment,” Appl. Phys. A 111, 675 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B.  Rethfeld, K.  Sokolowski-Tinten, D.  von der Linde, S. I.  Anisimov, “Ultrafast thermal melting of laser-excited solids by homogeneous nucleation,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 092103 (2002).

D. S.  Ivanov, V. P.  Veiko, E.  Jakovlev, B.  Rethfeld, M. E.  Garcia, “Molecular dynamics study of the short laser pulse ablation: quality and efficiency in production,” submitted to Appl. Phys. A.

Rethfeld, B. C.

D. S.  Ivanov, B. C.  Rethfeld, “The effect of pulse duration on the character of laser heating: photo-mechanical vs. photo-thermal damage of metal targets,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255, 9724 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schäfer, C.

C.  Schäfer, H. M.  Urbassek, L. V.  Zhigilei, B. J.  Garrison, “Pressure-transmitting boundary conditions for molecular dynamics simulations,” Comput. Mater. Sci. 24, 421 (2002).

Schmidt, M.

K.-H.  Leitz, B.  Redlingshöfer, Y.  Reg, A.  Otto, M.  Schmidt, “Metal ablation with short and ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Procedia 12, 230 (2011).

Schulz, W.

D. S.  Ivanov, A. I.  Kuznetsov, V. P.  Lipp, B.  Rethfeld, B. N.  Chichkov, M. E.  Garcia, W.  Schulz, “Short-laser-pulse surface nanostructuring on thin metal films: direct comparison of molecular dynamics modeling and experiment,” Appl. Phys. A 111, 675 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Smith, A. N.

J. L.  Hostetler, A. N.  Smith, P. M.  Norris, “Thin-film thermal conductivity and thickness measurements using picosecond ultrasonics,” Microscale Thermophys. Eng. 1, 237 (1997).

Sokolowski-Tinten, K.

B.  Rethfeld, K.  Sokolowski-Tinten, D.  von der Linde, S. I.  Anisimov, “Ultrafast thermal melting of laser-excited solids by homogeneous nucleation,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 092103 (2002).

Tuennermann, A.

B. N.  Chichkov, C.  Momma, S.  Nolte, F.  von Alvensleben, A.  Tuennermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys. A 63, 109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Urbassek, H. M.

C.  Schäfer, H. M.  Urbassek, L. V.  Zhigilei, B. J.  Garrison, “Pressure-transmitting boundary conditions for molecular dynamics simulations,” Comput. Mater. Sci. 24, 421 (2002).

Veiko, V. P.

D. S.  Ivanov, V. P.  Veiko, E.  Jakovlev, B.  Rethfeld, M. E.  Garcia, “Molecular dynamics study of the short laser pulse ablation: quality and efficiency in production,” submitted to Appl. Phys. A.

von Alvensleben, F.

B. N.  Chichkov, C.  Momma, S.  Nolte, F.  von Alvensleben, A.  Tuennermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys. A 63, 109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

von der Linde, D.

B.  Rethfeld, K.  Sokolowski-Tinten, D.  von der Linde, S. I.  Anisimov, “Ultrafast thermal melting of laser-excited solids by homogeneous nucleation,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 092103 (2002).

Wei, C. T.

H.  Jarmakani, B.  Maddox, C. T.  Wei, D.  Kalantar, M. A.  Meyers, “Laser shock-induced spalling and fragmentation in vanadium,” Acta Mater. 58, 4604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wellershoff, S.-S.

J.  Hohlfeld, S.-S.  Wellershoff, J.  Gudde, U.  Conrad, V.  Jahnke, E.  Matthias, “Electron and lattice dynamics following optical excitation of metals,” Chem. Phys. 251, 237 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhakhovskii, V. V.

V. V.  Zhakhovskii, N. A.  Inogamov, Yu. V.  Petrov, S. I.  Ashitkov, K.  Nishihara, “Molecular-dynamics simulation of femtosecond ablation and spallation with different interatomic potentials,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255, 9592 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhigilei, L. V.

L. V.  Zhigilei, Z.  Lin, D. S.  Ivanov, “Atomistic modeling of short-pulse laser ablation of metals: connections between melting, spallation, and phase explosion,” J. Chem. Phys. 113, 11892 (2009).

D. S.  Ivanov, L. V.  Zhigilei, “Effect of pressure relaxation on the mechanisms of short-pulse laser melting,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 105701 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. S.  Ivanov, L. V.  Zhigilei, “Combined atomistic-continuum modeling of short-pulse laser melting and disintegration of metal films,” Phys. Rev. B 68, 064114 (2003).

C.  Schäfer, H. M.  Urbassek, L. V.  Zhigilei, B. J.  Garrison, “Pressure-transmitting boundary conditions for molecular dynamics simulations,” Comput. Mater. Sci. 24, 421 (2002).

Acta Mater. (1)

H.  Jarmakani, B.  Maddox, C. T.  Wei, D.  Kalantar, M. A.  Meyers, “Laser shock-induced spalling and fragmentation in vanadium,” Acta Mater. 58, 4604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. A (2)

D. S.  Ivanov, A. I.  Kuznetsov, V. P.  Lipp, B.  Rethfeld, B. N.  Chichkov, M. E.  Garcia, W.  Schulz, “Short-laser-pulse surface nanostructuring on thin metal films: direct comparison of molecular dynamics modeling and experiment,” Appl. Phys. A 111, 675 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. N.  Chichkov, C.  Momma, S.  Nolte, F.  von Alvensleben, A.  Tuennermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys. A 63, 109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (2)

D. S.  Ivanov, B. C.  Rethfeld, “The effect of pulse duration on the character of laser heating: photo-mechanical vs. photo-thermal damage of metal targets,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255, 9724 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. V.  Zhakhovskii, N. A.  Inogamov, Yu. V.  Petrov, S. I.  Ashitkov, K.  Nishihara, “Molecular-dynamics simulation of femtosecond ablation and spallation with different interatomic potentials,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255, 9592 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. (1)

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