Abstract

A cold-background multi-target compounding system provides infrared targets for a hardware-in-the-loop simulation system, in which large aperture reflective mirrors are employed. In this paper, we propose a combined belt-back structure and design the flexible connection to solve the support mechanism of large aperture mirrors for 100 K temperature variations. By Finite Element Method analysis, the root mean square of the optimized mirror was better than λ/40 under self-gravity and 100 K temperature variations. By Zernike polynomial fitting, the modulate transmission function of the multi-target compounding system was over 0.5 and the root mean square spot diameter was less than 0.05 mrad. Results demonstrate that the proposed support mechanism was effective, providing analytical data for a 1 m level mirror for large environment temperature variations.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. J.  Baessler, H.  Popper, “Infrared Simulation System (IRSS). Phase I” (Defense Technical Information Center, 1977).
  2. M.  Bailey, J.  Doerr, “Contributions of hardware-in-the-loop simulations to navy test, and evaluation,” Proc. SPIE 2741, 33 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. L.  Hu, B. J.  Zuo, S. Q.  Chen, “Multi-target compounding technique based on dimpled mirror,” Opt. Eng. 51, 113001 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. M.  Cantey, D. B.  Beasleya, M.  Bendera, “Cold background, flight motion simulator mounted, infrared scene projectors developed for use in AMRDEC hardware-in-the-loop,” Proc. SPIE 5408, 96 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P.  Yoder, “Opto-mechanical system design” (Cooperate Marcel Dekker Inc., 1993).
  6. R. M.  Raguzin, E. Yu.  Zadorin, “Stability of the support structures of optical devices,” Opt. Zh. 78, 32 (2011) [J. Opt. Technol. 78, No.1, 25 (2011)].
  7. R. W.  Xu, L. R.  Liu, L.  Zhu, “Support schemes, and thermal effects analyses of large-aperture interferometer mirrors,” Proc. SPIE 5531, 441 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J.  Yu, S. D.  Shen, J. H.  Pan, Y. J.  Pan, “Manufacture of 1.8M standard spherical mirror,” Proc. SPIE 8415, 84151A (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  9. X. X.  Wu, H. B.  Yang, J. X.  Zhang, “Design of support system for the large-aperture sphere mirror,” Acta Photonica Sinica 38, No. 1, 129 (2009).
  10. B.-Y.  Sun, “Flexible regulating structure of optical reflector of space remote sensor,” J. Harbin Inst. Technol. 41, No. 9, 201 (2009).
  11. S.  Bhavikatti, “Finite Element Analysis” (New Age International (P) Ltd., Publishers, 2005).

2012

H. L.  Hu, B. J.  Zuo, S. Q.  Chen, “Multi-target compounding technique based on dimpled mirror,” Opt. Eng. 51, 113001 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J.  Yu, S. D.  Shen, J. H.  Pan, Y. J.  Pan, “Manufacture of 1.8M standard spherical mirror,” Proc. SPIE 8415, 84151A (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

R. M.  Raguzin, E. Yu.  Zadorin, “Stability of the support structures of optical devices,” Opt. Zh. 78, 32 (2011) [J. Opt. Technol. 78, No.1, 25 (2011)].

2009

X. X.  Wu, H. B.  Yang, J. X.  Zhang, “Design of support system for the large-aperture sphere mirror,” Acta Photonica Sinica 38, No. 1, 129 (2009).

B.-Y.  Sun, “Flexible regulating structure of optical reflector of space remote sensor,” J. Harbin Inst. Technol. 41, No. 9, 201 (2009).

2004

R. W.  Xu, L. R.  Liu, L.  Zhu, “Support schemes, and thermal effects analyses of large-aperture interferometer mirrors,” Proc. SPIE 5531, 441 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. M.  Cantey, D. B.  Beasleya, M.  Bendera, “Cold background, flight motion simulator mounted, infrared scene projectors developed for use in AMRDEC hardware-in-the-loop,” Proc. SPIE 5408, 96 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1996

M.  Bailey, J.  Doerr, “Contributions of hardware-in-the-loop simulations to navy test, and evaluation,” Proc. SPIE 2741, 33 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Baessler, R. J.

R. J.  Baessler, H.  Popper, “Infrared Simulation System (IRSS). Phase I” (Defense Technical Information Center, 1977).

Bailey, M.

M.  Bailey, J.  Doerr, “Contributions of hardware-in-the-loop simulations to navy test, and evaluation,” Proc. SPIE 2741, 33 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Beasleya, D. B.

T. M.  Cantey, D. B.  Beasleya, M.  Bendera, “Cold background, flight motion simulator mounted, infrared scene projectors developed for use in AMRDEC hardware-in-the-loop,” Proc. SPIE 5408, 96 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bendera, M.

T. M.  Cantey, D. B.  Beasleya, M.  Bendera, “Cold background, flight motion simulator mounted, infrared scene projectors developed for use in AMRDEC hardware-in-the-loop,” Proc. SPIE 5408, 96 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bhavikatti, S.

S.  Bhavikatti, “Finite Element Analysis” (New Age International (P) Ltd., Publishers, 2005).

Cantey, T. M.

T. M.  Cantey, D. B.  Beasleya, M.  Bendera, “Cold background, flight motion simulator mounted, infrared scene projectors developed for use in AMRDEC hardware-in-the-loop,” Proc. SPIE 5408, 96 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S. Q.

H. L.  Hu, B. J.  Zuo, S. Q.  Chen, “Multi-target compounding technique based on dimpled mirror,” Opt. Eng. 51, 113001 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Doerr, J.

M.  Bailey, J.  Doerr, “Contributions of hardware-in-the-loop simulations to navy test, and evaluation,” Proc. SPIE 2741, 33 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hu, H. L.

H. L.  Hu, B. J.  Zuo, S. Q.  Chen, “Multi-target compounding technique based on dimpled mirror,” Opt. Eng. 51, 113001 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, L. R.

R. W.  Xu, L. R.  Liu, L.  Zhu, “Support schemes, and thermal effects analyses of large-aperture interferometer mirrors,” Proc. SPIE 5531, 441 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pan, J. H.

J.  Yu, S. D.  Shen, J. H.  Pan, Y. J.  Pan, “Manufacture of 1.8M standard spherical mirror,” Proc. SPIE 8415, 84151A (2012).
[CrossRef]

Pan, Y. J.

J.  Yu, S. D.  Shen, J. H.  Pan, Y. J.  Pan, “Manufacture of 1.8M standard spherical mirror,” Proc. SPIE 8415, 84151A (2012).
[CrossRef]

Popper, H.

R. J.  Baessler, H.  Popper, “Infrared Simulation System (IRSS). Phase I” (Defense Technical Information Center, 1977).

Raguzin, R. M.

R. M.  Raguzin, E. Yu.  Zadorin, “Stability of the support structures of optical devices,” Opt. Zh. 78, 32 (2011) [J. Opt. Technol. 78, No.1, 25 (2011)].

Shen, S. D.

J.  Yu, S. D.  Shen, J. H.  Pan, Y. J.  Pan, “Manufacture of 1.8M standard spherical mirror,” Proc. SPIE 8415, 84151A (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sun, B.-Y.

B.-Y.  Sun, “Flexible regulating structure of optical reflector of space remote sensor,” J. Harbin Inst. Technol. 41, No. 9, 201 (2009).

Wu, X. X.

X. X.  Wu, H. B.  Yang, J. X.  Zhang, “Design of support system for the large-aperture sphere mirror,” Acta Photonica Sinica 38, No. 1, 129 (2009).

Xu, R. W.

R. W.  Xu, L. R.  Liu, L.  Zhu, “Support schemes, and thermal effects analyses of large-aperture interferometer mirrors,” Proc. SPIE 5531, 441 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yang, H. B.

X. X.  Wu, H. B.  Yang, J. X.  Zhang, “Design of support system for the large-aperture sphere mirror,” Acta Photonica Sinica 38, No. 1, 129 (2009).

Yoder, P.

P.  Yoder, “Opto-mechanical system design” (Cooperate Marcel Dekker Inc., 1993).

Yu, J.

J.  Yu, S. D.  Shen, J. H.  Pan, Y. J.  Pan, “Manufacture of 1.8M standard spherical mirror,” Proc. SPIE 8415, 84151A (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zadorin, E. Yu.

R. M.  Raguzin, E. Yu.  Zadorin, “Stability of the support structures of optical devices,” Opt. Zh. 78, 32 (2011) [J. Opt. Technol. 78, No.1, 25 (2011)].

Zhang, J. X.

X. X.  Wu, H. B.  Yang, J. X.  Zhang, “Design of support system for the large-aperture sphere mirror,” Acta Photonica Sinica 38, No. 1, 129 (2009).

Zhu, L.

R. W.  Xu, L. R.  Liu, L.  Zhu, “Support schemes, and thermal effects analyses of large-aperture interferometer mirrors,” Proc. SPIE 5531, 441 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zuo, B. J.

H. L.  Hu, B. J.  Zuo, S. Q.  Chen, “Multi-target compounding technique based on dimpled mirror,” Opt. Eng. 51, 113001 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Acta Photonica Sinica

X. X.  Wu, H. B.  Yang, J. X.  Zhang, “Design of support system for the large-aperture sphere mirror,” Acta Photonica Sinica 38, No. 1, 129 (2009).

J. Harbin Inst. Technol.

B.-Y.  Sun, “Flexible regulating structure of optical reflector of space remote sensor,” J. Harbin Inst. Technol. 41, No. 9, 201 (2009).

Opt. Eng.

H. L.  Hu, B. J.  Zuo, S. Q.  Chen, “Multi-target compounding technique based on dimpled mirror,” Opt. Eng. 51, 113001 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Zh.

R. M.  Raguzin, E. Yu.  Zadorin, “Stability of the support structures of optical devices,” Opt. Zh. 78, 32 (2011) [J. Opt. Technol. 78, No.1, 25 (2011)].

Proc. SPIE

R. W.  Xu, L. R.  Liu, L.  Zhu, “Support schemes, and thermal effects analyses of large-aperture interferometer mirrors,” Proc. SPIE 5531, 441 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J.  Yu, S. D.  Shen, J. H.  Pan, Y. J.  Pan, “Manufacture of 1.8M standard spherical mirror,” Proc. SPIE 8415, 84151A (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. M.  Cantey, D. B.  Beasleya, M.  Bendera, “Cold background, flight motion simulator mounted, infrared scene projectors developed for use in AMRDEC hardware-in-the-loop,” Proc. SPIE 5408, 96 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M.  Bailey, J.  Doerr, “Contributions of hardware-in-the-loop simulations to navy test, and evaluation,” Proc. SPIE 2741, 33 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other

R. J.  Baessler, H.  Popper, “Infrared Simulation System (IRSS). Phase I” (Defense Technical Information Center, 1977).

P.  Yoder, “Opto-mechanical system design” (Cooperate Marcel Dekker Inc., 1993).

S.  Bhavikatti, “Finite Element Analysis” (New Age International (P) Ltd., Publishers, 2005).

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