Abstract

This paper describes an optical model of the atmosphere that fundamentally differs from the working models used to estimate how the atmosphere affects the operation of optoelectronic devices. The model includes concepts of typical aerosol situations (tropics, mid-latitude summer, etc.) and obtains its input parameters from standard weather reports. Molecular absorption is determined on the basis of the HITRAN spectral-line database; the concept of the transmission function is not used in this case, and accordingly the problem of an unresolved spectrum does not arise in problems of radiation transport in a medium with a complex structure of the absorption spectrum in the IR region. The latter problem is especially acute in determining the contrast of observed objects when the viewing paths have complex geometry. The approach used here is equivalent to line integration with an insignificant loss of accuracy and significant speed-up of the calculation. The model makes it possible to take into account diurnal and seasonal changes of the viewing conditions in the troposphere and especially in its lower layers with the maximum adequacy, both in clear weather and under low unbroken clouds, with and without precipitation.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. V.  Tantashev, N. Yu.  Trukhina, V. L.  Filippov, “Optical models of the atmosphere. Analysis and development paths,” Oboron. Tekh. Nos. 6–7, 3 (2010).
  2. V. L.  Filippov, M. V.  Tantashev, “The Troposfera-2000 optico–geophysical model of the atmosphere,” Prikl. Fiz. No. 2, 114 (2004).
  3. V. L.  Filippov, M. V.  Tantashev, N. Yu.  Trukhina, V. S.  Yatsyk, “Calculating the transmittance of an arbitrarily oriented atmospheric path with high spectral resolution,” in Abstracts of Reports of the Fifth International Forum OPTICS EXPO-2009, All-Russia Exhibition Center, Moscow, 2009, pp. 68–69.
  4. V. L.  Tyuterev, “Global variational and effective methods of calculating the positions and intensities of triatomic molecules,” Opt. Atmos. Okeana 16, 245 (2003).
  5. HITRAN-PC Installation and User Manual for Version 3.00, Univ. of South Florida, 2000, www.ontar.com .
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  7. K. Ya.  Kondrat’ev, N. I.  Moskalenko, Thermal Radiation of the Planets (Gidrometizdat, Leningrad, 1977).
  8. V. L.  Filippov, A. S.  Makarov, V. P.  Ivanov, Optical Weather in the Lower Troposphere, V. L.  Filippov, ed. (Dom Pechati, Kazan, 1998).
  9. V. L.  Filippov, Aerosol Attenuation of Electromagnetic Radiation in Optical Channels from the Data of Experimental Studies (TsNII Informatsii i TÉI, Moscow, 1984).
  10. L. S.  Ivlev, Chemical Composition and Structure of Atmospheric Aerosols (LGU, Leningrad, 1982).
  11. S. M.  Sakerin, S. A.  Beresnev, S. Yu.  Gorda, “Characteristics of the yearly course of spectral aerosol optical thickness of the atmosphere in the conditions of Siberia,” Opt. Atmos. Okeana 22, 566 (2009).
  12. C.  Salvaggio, “Use of LOWTRAN atmospheric parameters in synthetic image generation models,” Proc. SPIE 1938, 294 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A.  Berk, L. S.  Bernsten, D. C.  Robertson, “MODTRAN: A Moderate Resolution Model for LOWTRAN7,” (Hanscom AFB, Mass., 1989), p. 38.
  14. L.  Elterman, “Relationships between vertical attenuation and surface meteorological range,” Appl. Opt. 9, 1804 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Yu. P.  Dyabin, M. V.  Tantashev, S. O.  Mirumyants, V. D.  Marusyak, “Seasonal variations of the vertical profiles of the atmospheric aerosol in the lower troposphere,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, FAO 13, 1205 (1977).
  16. K.-N.  Liou, Principles of Radiation Processes in the Atmosphere (Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1984).
  17. V. L.  Filippov, A. S.  Makarov, V. P.  Ivanov, “Construction of regional semiempirical models of optical characteristics of the atmosphere,” Dok. Akad. Nauk SSSR 265, 1353 (1982).
  18. S. V.  Samoĭlova, Yu. S.  Balin, G. P.  Kokhanenko, I. É.  Penner, “Study of the vertical distribution of tropospheric aerosol layers from the data of multifrequency laser probing. Part 2. The vertical distribution of the optical characteristics of the aerosol in the visible region,” Opt. Atmos. Okeana 10, 1475 (1997).
  19. V. S.  Maksimyuk, M. V.  Tantashev, L. S.  Semenov, “Multichannel nephelometer for determining the spectral transmittance of the atmosphere from on board an aircraft,” Opt. Mekh. Prom. No. 6, 20 (1987) [Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 54, 345 (1987)].
  20. V. S.  Maksimyuk, V. L.  Filippov, “Flight studies of the dynamics of the aerosol that determines the variability of the optical weather,” Opt. Zh. 74, No. 1, 50 (2007) [J. Opt. Technol. 74, 39 (2007)].
  21. V. L.  Filippov, V. P.  Ivanov, “How the aerosol attenuation of optical radiation depends on the moisture of the air,” Meteo. Gidro. No. 4, 65 (1979).
  22. Handbook. The Atmosphere. (Handbook Data, Models) (Gidrometizdat, Leningrad, 1991).
  23. N. V.  Zadorina, N. A.  Rumyantseva, M. V.  Tantashev, V. L.  Filippov, How the Atmosphere Affects the Observation Conditions in the Short-Wavelength Region (Informtekhnika, Moscow, 1991).
  24. A. S.  Makarov, V. L.  Filippov, “Attenuation of IR radiation in the atmosphere in the presence of precipitation,” Opt. Zh. No. 11, 33 (1996) [J. Opt. Technol. 63, 827 (1996)].
  25. E. P.  Avara, B. T.  Miers, A. E.  Wetmore, J. A.  Fitzgerrel, “The Climatology Module CLIMAT,” , June, 1998.
  26. S. D.  Kozlov, A. S.  Makarov, V. L.  Filippov, Concerning the Structure of the Spectral Attenuation Coefficients of Radiation in the Windows of Transparency of the Atmosphere (TsNII Informatsii i TÉI, Moscow, 1981), No. 2618.
  27. A. S.  Makarov, V. L.  Filippov, “Some materials of a study of the attenuation factors of (8–12-μm) radiation in the natural atmosphere,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 21, 368 (1978).
  28. H. R.  Carlon, “Molecular interpretation of the infrared water vapor continuum: comments,” Appl. Opt. 17, 3193 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  29. M. S.  Belen’kiĭ, G. O.  Zadde, V. S.  Kamarov, V. V.  Nosov, A. A.  Pershin, V. I.  Khamarin, V. G.  Tsverava, An Optical Model of the Atmosphere, V. E.  Zuev, V. V.  Nosov, ed. (Izd. SO AN SSSR, Tomsk, 1987).

2010

M. V.  Tantashev, N. Yu.  Trukhina, V. L.  Filippov, “Optical models of the atmosphere. Analysis and development paths,” Oboron. Tekh. Nos. 6–7, 3 (2010).

2009

S. M.  Sakerin, S. A.  Beresnev, S. Yu.  Gorda, “Characteristics of the yearly course of spectral aerosol optical thickness of the atmosphere in the conditions of Siberia,” Opt. Atmos. Okeana 22, 566 (2009).

2007

V. S.  Maksimyuk, V. L.  Filippov, “Flight studies of the dynamics of the aerosol that determines the variability of the optical weather,” Opt. Zh. 74, No. 1, 50 (2007) [J. Opt. Technol. 74, 39 (2007)].

2004

V. L.  Filippov, M. V.  Tantashev, “The Troposfera-2000 optico–geophysical model of the atmosphere,” Prikl. Fiz. No. 2, 114 (2004).

2003

V. L.  Tyuterev, “Global variational and effective methods of calculating the positions and intensities of triatomic molecules,” Opt. Atmos. Okeana 16, 245 (2003).

1997

S. V.  Samoĭlova, Yu. S.  Balin, G. P.  Kokhanenko, I. É.  Penner, “Study of the vertical distribution of tropospheric aerosol layers from the data of multifrequency laser probing. Part 2. The vertical distribution of the optical characteristics of the aerosol in the visible region,” Opt. Atmos. Okeana 10, 1475 (1997).

1996

A. S.  Makarov, V. L.  Filippov, “Attenuation of IR radiation in the atmosphere in the presence of precipitation,” Opt. Zh. No. 11, 33 (1996) [J. Opt. Technol. 63, 827 (1996)].

1993

C.  Salvaggio, “Use of LOWTRAN atmospheric parameters in synthetic image generation models,” Proc. SPIE 1938, 294 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1987

V. S.  Maksimyuk, M. V.  Tantashev, L. S.  Semenov, “Multichannel nephelometer for determining the spectral transmittance of the atmosphere from on board an aircraft,” Opt. Mekh. Prom. No. 6, 20 (1987) [Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 54, 345 (1987)].

1982

V. L.  Filippov, A. S.  Makarov, V. P.  Ivanov, “Construction of regional semiempirical models of optical characteristics of the atmosphere,” Dok. Akad. Nauk SSSR 265, 1353 (1982).

1979

V. L.  Filippov, V. P.  Ivanov, “How the aerosol attenuation of optical radiation depends on the moisture of the air,” Meteo. Gidro. No. 4, 65 (1979).

1978

A. S.  Makarov, V. L.  Filippov, “Some materials of a study of the attenuation factors of (8–12-μm) radiation in the natural atmosphere,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 21, 368 (1978).

H. R.  Carlon, “Molecular interpretation of the infrared water vapor continuum: comments,” Appl. Opt. 17, 3193 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1977

Yu. P.  Dyabin, M. V.  Tantashev, S. O.  Mirumyants, V. D.  Marusyak, “Seasonal variations of the vertical profiles of the atmospheric aerosol in the lower troposphere,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, FAO 13, 1205 (1977).

1970

Avara, E. P.

E. P.  Avara, B. T.  Miers, A. E.  Wetmore, J. A.  Fitzgerrel, “The Climatology Module CLIMAT,” , June, 1998.

Balin, Yu. S.

S. V.  Samoĭlova, Yu. S.  Balin, G. P.  Kokhanenko, I. É.  Penner, “Study of the vertical distribution of tropospheric aerosol layers from the data of multifrequency laser probing. Part 2. The vertical distribution of the optical characteristics of the aerosol in the visible region,” Opt. Atmos. Okeana 10, 1475 (1997).

Belen’kii, M. S.

M. S.  Belen’kiĭ, G. O.  Zadde, V. S.  Kamarov, V. V.  Nosov, A. A.  Pershin, V. I.  Khamarin, V. G.  Tsverava, An Optical Model of the Atmosphere, V. E.  Zuev, V. V.  Nosov, ed. (Izd. SO AN SSSR, Tomsk, 1987).

Beresnev, S. A.

S. M.  Sakerin, S. A.  Beresnev, S. Yu.  Gorda, “Characteristics of the yearly course of spectral aerosol optical thickness of the atmosphere in the conditions of Siberia,” Opt. Atmos. Okeana 22, 566 (2009).

Berk, A.

A.  Berk, L. S.  Bernsten, D. C.  Robertson, “MODTRAN: A Moderate Resolution Model for LOWTRAN7,” (Hanscom AFB, Mass., 1989), p. 38.

Bernsten, L. S.

A.  Berk, L. S.  Bernsten, D. C.  Robertson, “MODTRAN: A Moderate Resolution Model for LOWTRAN7,” (Hanscom AFB, Mass., 1989), p. 38.

Carlon, H. R.

H. R.  Carlon, “Molecular interpretation of the infrared water vapor continuum: comments,” Appl. Opt. 17, 3193 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Dyabin, Yu. P.

Yu. P.  Dyabin, M. V.  Tantashev, S. O.  Mirumyants, V. D.  Marusyak, “Seasonal variations of the vertical profiles of the atmospheric aerosol in the lower troposphere,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, FAO 13, 1205 (1977).

Elterman, L.

Filippov, V. L.

M. V.  Tantashev, N. Yu.  Trukhina, V. L.  Filippov, “Optical models of the atmosphere. Analysis and development paths,” Oboron. Tekh. Nos. 6–7, 3 (2010).

V. S.  Maksimyuk, V. L.  Filippov, “Flight studies of the dynamics of the aerosol that determines the variability of the optical weather,” Opt. Zh. 74, No. 1, 50 (2007) [J. Opt. Technol. 74, 39 (2007)].

V. L.  Filippov, M. V.  Tantashev, “The Troposfera-2000 optico–geophysical model of the atmosphere,” Prikl. Fiz. No. 2, 114 (2004).

A. S.  Makarov, V. L.  Filippov, “Attenuation of IR radiation in the atmosphere in the presence of precipitation,” Opt. Zh. No. 11, 33 (1996) [J. Opt. Technol. 63, 827 (1996)].

V. L.  Filippov, A. S.  Makarov, V. P.  Ivanov, “Construction of regional semiempirical models of optical characteristics of the atmosphere,” Dok. Akad. Nauk SSSR 265, 1353 (1982).

V. L.  Filippov, V. P.  Ivanov, “How the aerosol attenuation of optical radiation depends on the moisture of the air,” Meteo. Gidro. No. 4, 65 (1979).

A. S.  Makarov, V. L.  Filippov, “Some materials of a study of the attenuation factors of (8–12-μm) radiation in the natural atmosphere,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 21, 368 (1978).

V. L.  Filippov, Aerosol Attenuation of Electromagnetic Radiation in Optical Channels from the Data of Experimental Studies (TsNII Informatsii i TÉI, Moscow, 1984).

N. V.  Zadorina, N. A.  Rumyantseva, M. V.  Tantashev, V. L.  Filippov, How the Atmosphere Affects the Observation Conditions in the Short-Wavelength Region (Informtekhnika, Moscow, 1991).

V. L.  Filippov, A. S.  Makarov, V. P.  Ivanov, Optical Weather in the Lower Troposphere, V. L.  Filippov, ed. (Dom Pechati, Kazan, 1998).

S. D.  Kozlov, A. S.  Makarov, V. L.  Filippov, Concerning the Structure of the Spectral Attenuation Coefficients of Radiation in the Windows of Transparency of the Atmosphere (TsNII Informatsii i TÉI, Moscow, 1981), No. 2618.

V. L.  Filippov, M. V.  Tantashev, N. Yu.  Trukhina, V. S.  Yatsyk, “Calculating the transmittance of an arbitrarily oriented atmospheric path with high spectral resolution,” in Abstracts of Reports of the Fifth International Forum OPTICS EXPO-2009, All-Russia Exhibition Center, Moscow, 2009, pp. 68–69.

Fitzgerrel, J. A.

E. P.  Avara, B. T.  Miers, A. E.  Wetmore, J. A.  Fitzgerrel, “The Climatology Module CLIMAT,” , June, 1998.

Gorda, S. Yu.

S. M.  Sakerin, S. A.  Beresnev, S. Yu.  Gorda, “Characteristics of the yearly course of spectral aerosol optical thickness of the atmosphere in the conditions of Siberia,” Opt. Atmos. Okeana 22, 566 (2009).

Ivanov, V. P.

V. L.  Filippov, A. S.  Makarov, V. P.  Ivanov, “Construction of regional semiempirical models of optical characteristics of the atmosphere,” Dok. Akad. Nauk SSSR 265, 1353 (1982).

V. L.  Filippov, V. P.  Ivanov, “How the aerosol attenuation of optical radiation depends on the moisture of the air,” Meteo. Gidro. No. 4, 65 (1979).

V. L.  Filippov, A. S.  Makarov, V. P.  Ivanov, Optical Weather in the Lower Troposphere, V. L.  Filippov, ed. (Dom Pechati, Kazan, 1998).

Ivlev, L. S.

L. S.  Ivlev, Chemical Composition and Structure of Atmospheric Aerosols (LGU, Leningrad, 1982).

Kamarov, V. S.

M. S.  Belen’kiĭ, G. O.  Zadde, V. S.  Kamarov, V. V.  Nosov, A. A.  Pershin, V. I.  Khamarin, V. G.  Tsverava, An Optical Model of the Atmosphere, V. E.  Zuev, V. V.  Nosov, ed. (Izd. SO AN SSSR, Tomsk, 1987).

Khamarin, V. I.

M. S.  Belen’kiĭ, G. O.  Zadde, V. S.  Kamarov, V. V.  Nosov, A. A.  Pershin, V. I.  Khamarin, V. G.  Tsverava, An Optical Model of the Atmosphere, V. E.  Zuev, V. V.  Nosov, ed. (Izd. SO AN SSSR, Tomsk, 1987).

Kokhanenko, G. P.

S. V.  Samoĭlova, Yu. S.  Balin, G. P.  Kokhanenko, I. É.  Penner, “Study of the vertical distribution of tropospheric aerosol layers from the data of multifrequency laser probing. Part 2. The vertical distribution of the optical characteristics of the aerosol in the visible region,” Opt. Atmos. Okeana 10, 1475 (1997).

Kondrat’ev, K. Ya.

K. Ya.  Kondrat’ev, N. I.  Moskalenko, Thermal Radiation of the Planets (Gidrometizdat, Leningrad, 1977).

Kozlov, S. D.

S. D.  Kozlov, A. S.  Makarov, V. L.  Filippov, Concerning the Structure of the Spectral Attenuation Coefficients of Radiation in the Windows of Transparency of the Atmosphere (TsNII Informatsii i TÉI, Moscow, 1981), No. 2618.

Liou, K.-N.

K.-N.  Liou, Principles of Radiation Processes in the Atmosphere (Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1984).

Makarov, A. S.

A. S.  Makarov, V. L.  Filippov, “Attenuation of IR radiation in the atmosphere in the presence of precipitation,” Opt. Zh. No. 11, 33 (1996) [J. Opt. Technol. 63, 827 (1996)].

V. L.  Filippov, A. S.  Makarov, V. P.  Ivanov, “Construction of regional semiempirical models of optical characteristics of the atmosphere,” Dok. Akad. Nauk SSSR 265, 1353 (1982).

A. S.  Makarov, V. L.  Filippov, “Some materials of a study of the attenuation factors of (8–12-μm) radiation in the natural atmosphere,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 21, 368 (1978).

V. L.  Filippov, A. S.  Makarov, V. P.  Ivanov, Optical Weather in the Lower Troposphere, V. L.  Filippov, ed. (Dom Pechati, Kazan, 1998).

S. D.  Kozlov, A. S.  Makarov, V. L.  Filippov, Concerning the Structure of the Spectral Attenuation Coefficients of Radiation in the Windows of Transparency of the Atmosphere (TsNII Informatsii i TÉI, Moscow, 1981), No. 2618.

Maksimyuk, V. S.

V. S.  Maksimyuk, V. L.  Filippov, “Flight studies of the dynamics of the aerosol that determines the variability of the optical weather,” Opt. Zh. 74, No. 1, 50 (2007) [J. Opt. Technol. 74, 39 (2007)].

V. S.  Maksimyuk, M. V.  Tantashev, L. S.  Semenov, “Multichannel nephelometer for determining the spectral transmittance of the atmosphere from on board an aircraft,” Opt. Mekh. Prom. No. 6, 20 (1987) [Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 54, 345 (1987)].

Marusyak, V. D.

Yu. P.  Dyabin, M. V.  Tantashev, S. O.  Mirumyants, V. D.  Marusyak, “Seasonal variations of the vertical profiles of the atmospheric aerosol in the lower troposphere,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, FAO 13, 1205 (1977).

Miers, B. T.

E. P.  Avara, B. T.  Miers, A. E.  Wetmore, J. A.  Fitzgerrel, “The Climatology Module CLIMAT,” , June, 1998.

Mirumyants, S. O.

Yu. P.  Dyabin, M. V.  Tantashev, S. O.  Mirumyants, V. D.  Marusyak, “Seasonal variations of the vertical profiles of the atmospheric aerosol in the lower troposphere,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, FAO 13, 1205 (1977).

Moskalenko, N. I.

K. Ya.  Kondrat’ev, N. I.  Moskalenko, Thermal Radiation of the Planets (Gidrometizdat, Leningrad, 1977).

Nosov, V. V.

M. S.  Belen’kiĭ, G. O.  Zadde, V. S.  Kamarov, V. V.  Nosov, A. A.  Pershin, V. I.  Khamarin, V. G.  Tsverava, An Optical Model of the Atmosphere, V. E.  Zuev, V. V.  Nosov, ed. (Izd. SO AN SSSR, Tomsk, 1987).

Penner, I. É.

S. V.  Samoĭlova, Yu. S.  Balin, G. P.  Kokhanenko, I. É.  Penner, “Study of the vertical distribution of tropospheric aerosol layers from the data of multifrequency laser probing. Part 2. The vertical distribution of the optical characteristics of the aerosol in the visible region,” Opt. Atmos. Okeana 10, 1475 (1997).

Pershin, A. A.

M. S.  Belen’kiĭ, G. O.  Zadde, V. S.  Kamarov, V. V.  Nosov, A. A.  Pershin, V. I.  Khamarin, V. G.  Tsverava, An Optical Model of the Atmosphere, V. E.  Zuev, V. V.  Nosov, ed. (Izd. SO AN SSSR, Tomsk, 1987).

Robertson, D. C.

A.  Berk, L. S.  Bernsten, D. C.  Robertson, “MODTRAN: A Moderate Resolution Model for LOWTRAN7,” (Hanscom AFB, Mass., 1989), p. 38.

Rumyantseva, N. A.

N. V.  Zadorina, N. A.  Rumyantseva, M. V.  Tantashev, V. L.  Filippov, How the Atmosphere Affects the Observation Conditions in the Short-Wavelength Region (Informtekhnika, Moscow, 1991).

Sakerin, S. M.

S. M.  Sakerin, S. A.  Beresnev, S. Yu.  Gorda, “Characteristics of the yearly course of spectral aerosol optical thickness of the atmosphere in the conditions of Siberia,” Opt. Atmos. Okeana 22, 566 (2009).

Salvaggio, C.

C.  Salvaggio, “Use of LOWTRAN atmospheric parameters in synthetic image generation models,” Proc. SPIE 1938, 294 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Samoilova, S. V.

S. V.  Samoĭlova, Yu. S.  Balin, G. P.  Kokhanenko, I. É.  Penner, “Study of the vertical distribution of tropospheric aerosol layers from the data of multifrequency laser probing. Part 2. The vertical distribution of the optical characteristics of the aerosol in the visible region,” Opt. Atmos. Okeana 10, 1475 (1997).

Semenov, L. S.

V. S.  Maksimyuk, M. V.  Tantashev, L. S.  Semenov, “Multichannel nephelometer for determining the spectral transmittance of the atmosphere from on board an aircraft,” Opt. Mekh. Prom. No. 6, 20 (1987) [Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 54, 345 (1987)].

Tantashev, M. V.

M. V.  Tantashev, N. Yu.  Trukhina, V. L.  Filippov, “Optical models of the atmosphere. Analysis and development paths,” Oboron. Tekh. Nos. 6–7, 3 (2010).

V. L.  Filippov, M. V.  Tantashev, “The Troposfera-2000 optico–geophysical model of the atmosphere,” Prikl. Fiz. No. 2, 114 (2004).

V. S.  Maksimyuk, M. V.  Tantashev, L. S.  Semenov, “Multichannel nephelometer for determining the spectral transmittance of the atmosphere from on board an aircraft,” Opt. Mekh. Prom. No. 6, 20 (1987) [Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 54, 345 (1987)].

Yu. P.  Dyabin, M. V.  Tantashev, S. O.  Mirumyants, V. D.  Marusyak, “Seasonal variations of the vertical profiles of the atmospheric aerosol in the lower troposphere,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, FAO 13, 1205 (1977).

V. L.  Filippov, M. V.  Tantashev, N. Yu.  Trukhina, V. S.  Yatsyk, “Calculating the transmittance of an arbitrarily oriented atmospheric path with high spectral resolution,” in Abstracts of Reports of the Fifth International Forum OPTICS EXPO-2009, All-Russia Exhibition Center, Moscow, 2009, pp. 68–69.

N. V.  Zadorina, N. A.  Rumyantseva, M. V.  Tantashev, V. L.  Filippov, How the Atmosphere Affects the Observation Conditions in the Short-Wavelength Region (Informtekhnika, Moscow, 1991).

Trukhina, N. Yu.

M. V.  Tantashev, N. Yu.  Trukhina, V. L.  Filippov, “Optical models of the atmosphere. Analysis and development paths,” Oboron. Tekh. Nos. 6–7, 3 (2010).

V. L.  Filippov, M. V.  Tantashev, N. Yu.  Trukhina, V. S.  Yatsyk, “Calculating the transmittance of an arbitrarily oriented atmospheric path with high spectral resolution,” in Abstracts of Reports of the Fifth International Forum OPTICS EXPO-2009, All-Russia Exhibition Center, Moscow, 2009, pp. 68–69.

Tsverava, V. G.

M. S.  Belen’kiĭ, G. O.  Zadde, V. S.  Kamarov, V. V.  Nosov, A. A.  Pershin, V. I.  Khamarin, V. G.  Tsverava, An Optical Model of the Atmosphere, V. E.  Zuev, V. V.  Nosov, ed. (Izd. SO AN SSSR, Tomsk, 1987).

Tyuterev, V. L.

V. L.  Tyuterev, “Global variational and effective methods of calculating the positions and intensities of triatomic molecules,” Opt. Atmos. Okeana 16, 245 (2003).

Wetmore, A. E.

E. P.  Avara, B. T.  Miers, A. E.  Wetmore, J. A.  Fitzgerrel, “The Climatology Module CLIMAT,” , June, 1998.

Yatsyk, V. S.

V. L.  Filippov, M. V.  Tantashev, N. Yu.  Trukhina, V. S.  Yatsyk, “Calculating the transmittance of an arbitrarily oriented atmospheric path with high spectral resolution,” in Abstracts of Reports of the Fifth International Forum OPTICS EXPO-2009, All-Russia Exhibition Center, Moscow, 2009, pp. 68–69.

Zadde, G. O.

M. S.  Belen’kiĭ, G. O.  Zadde, V. S.  Kamarov, V. V.  Nosov, A. A.  Pershin, V. I.  Khamarin, V. G.  Tsverava, An Optical Model of the Atmosphere, V. E.  Zuev, V. V.  Nosov, ed. (Izd. SO AN SSSR, Tomsk, 1987).

Zadorina, N. V.

N. V.  Zadorina, N. A.  Rumyantseva, M. V.  Tantashev, V. L.  Filippov, How the Atmosphere Affects the Observation Conditions in the Short-Wavelength Region (Informtekhnika, Moscow, 1991).

Appl. Opt.

H. R.  Carlon, “Molecular interpretation of the infrared water vapor continuum: comments,” Appl. Opt. 17, 3193 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Dok. Akad. Nauk SSSR

V. L.  Filippov, A. S.  Makarov, V. P.  Ivanov, “Construction of regional semiempirical models of optical characteristics of the atmosphere,” Dok. Akad. Nauk SSSR 265, 1353 (1982).

Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, FAO

Yu. P.  Dyabin, M. V.  Tantashev, S. O.  Mirumyants, V. D.  Marusyak, “Seasonal variations of the vertical profiles of the atmospheric aerosol in the lower troposphere,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, FAO 13, 1205 (1977).

Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz.

A. S.  Makarov, V. L.  Filippov, “Some materials of a study of the attenuation factors of (8–12-μm) radiation in the natural atmosphere,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz. 21, 368 (1978).

Meteo. Gidro.

V. L.  Filippov, V. P.  Ivanov, “How the aerosol attenuation of optical radiation depends on the moisture of the air,” Meteo. Gidro. No. 4, 65 (1979).

Oboron. Tekh.

M. V.  Tantashev, N. Yu.  Trukhina, V. L.  Filippov, “Optical models of the atmosphere. Analysis and development paths,” Oboron. Tekh. Nos. 6–7, 3 (2010).

Opt. Atmos. Okeana

S. V.  Samoĭlova, Yu. S.  Balin, G. P.  Kokhanenko, I. É.  Penner, “Study of the vertical distribution of tropospheric aerosol layers from the data of multifrequency laser probing. Part 2. The vertical distribution of the optical characteristics of the aerosol in the visible region,” Opt. Atmos. Okeana 10, 1475 (1997).

Opt. Atmos. Okeana

S. M.  Sakerin, S. A.  Beresnev, S. Yu.  Gorda, “Characteristics of the yearly course of spectral aerosol optical thickness of the atmosphere in the conditions of Siberia,” Opt. Atmos. Okeana 22, 566 (2009).

V. L.  Tyuterev, “Global variational and effective methods of calculating the positions and intensities of triatomic molecules,” Opt. Atmos. Okeana 16, 245 (2003).

Opt. Mekh. Prom.

V. S.  Maksimyuk, M. V.  Tantashev, L. S.  Semenov, “Multichannel nephelometer for determining the spectral transmittance of the atmosphere from on board an aircraft,” Opt. Mekh. Prom. No. 6, 20 (1987) [Sov. J. Opt. Technol. 54, 345 (1987)].

Opt. Zh.

V. S.  Maksimyuk, V. L.  Filippov, “Flight studies of the dynamics of the aerosol that determines the variability of the optical weather,” Opt. Zh. 74, No. 1, 50 (2007) [J. Opt. Technol. 74, 39 (2007)].

A. S.  Makarov, V. L.  Filippov, “Attenuation of IR radiation in the atmosphere in the presence of precipitation,” Opt. Zh. No. 11, 33 (1996) [J. Opt. Technol. 63, 827 (1996)].

Prikl. Fiz.

V. L.  Filippov, M. V.  Tantashev, “The Troposfera-2000 optico–geophysical model of the atmosphere,” Prikl. Fiz. No. 2, 114 (2004).

Proc. SPIE

C.  Salvaggio, “Use of LOWTRAN atmospheric parameters in synthetic image generation models,” Proc. SPIE 1938, 294 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Other

A.  Berk, L. S.  Bernsten, D. C.  Robertson, “MODTRAN: A Moderate Resolution Model for LOWTRAN7,” (Hanscom AFB, Mass., 1989), p. 38.

V. L.  Filippov, M. V.  Tantashev, N. Yu.  Trukhina, V. S.  Yatsyk, “Calculating the transmittance of an arbitrarily oriented atmospheric path with high spectral resolution,” in Abstracts of Reports of the Fifth International Forum OPTICS EXPO-2009, All-Russia Exhibition Center, Moscow, 2009, pp. 68–69.

HITRAN-PC Installation and User Manual for Version 3.00, Univ. of South Florida, 2000, www.ontar.com .

PC ModWin 4 v1r1 ver 1.1 User Interface Environment for MODTRAN 4, Ontar Corporation, June2002, www.ontar.com .

K. Ya.  Kondrat’ev, N. I.  Moskalenko, Thermal Radiation of the Planets (Gidrometizdat, Leningrad, 1977).

V. L.  Filippov, A. S.  Makarov, V. P.  Ivanov, Optical Weather in the Lower Troposphere, V. L.  Filippov, ed. (Dom Pechati, Kazan, 1998).

V. L.  Filippov, Aerosol Attenuation of Electromagnetic Radiation in Optical Channels from the Data of Experimental Studies (TsNII Informatsii i TÉI, Moscow, 1984).

L. S.  Ivlev, Chemical Composition and Structure of Atmospheric Aerosols (LGU, Leningrad, 1982).

Handbook. The Atmosphere. (Handbook Data, Models) (Gidrometizdat, Leningrad, 1991).

N. V.  Zadorina, N. A.  Rumyantseva, M. V.  Tantashev, V. L.  Filippov, How the Atmosphere Affects the Observation Conditions in the Short-Wavelength Region (Informtekhnika, Moscow, 1991).

K.-N.  Liou, Principles of Radiation Processes in the Atmosphere (Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1984).

E. P.  Avara, B. T.  Miers, A. E.  Wetmore, J. A.  Fitzgerrel, “The Climatology Module CLIMAT,” , June, 1998.

S. D.  Kozlov, A. S.  Makarov, V. L.  Filippov, Concerning the Structure of the Spectral Attenuation Coefficients of Radiation in the Windows of Transparency of the Atmosphere (TsNII Informatsii i TÉI, Moscow, 1981), No. 2618.

M. S.  Belen’kiĭ, G. O.  Zadde, V. S.  Kamarov, V. V.  Nosov, A. A.  Pershin, V. I.  Khamarin, V. G.  Tsverava, An Optical Model of the Atmosphere, V. E.  Zuev, V. V.  Nosov, ed. (Izd. SO AN SSSR, Tomsk, 1987).

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