Abstract

This paper discusses the analysis of and basis for the technical decision to create a multiwavelength pattern-scanning laser ophthalmocoagulator based on a slit lamp. The use of a multiwavelength laser source with the possibility of operating at two wavelengths 532 and 810 nm separately or simultaneously, with adjustment of the intensity of each wavelength, broadens the range of possible applications, especially when treating pathologies of the retina. The treatment–diagnostic complex makes it possible to efficiently carry out operations not only in pattern laser photocoagulation of the retina and laser trabeculoplasty with a green laser, but also in transpupillary thermotherapy of intraocular neoplasms and transscleral photocoagulation of the retina and ciliary body with an IR laser. The article includes a discussion of the features of the device and the prospect of improving it.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. N. S.  Kapany, N. A.  Peppers, H. C.  Zweng, M.  Flocks, “Retinal photocoagulation by lasers,” Nature 199, 146 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Yu. L.  Tverskoĭ, L. I.  Balashevich, Yu. D.  Berezin, E. N.  Beĭlin, V. V.  Volkov, B. V.  Gorbunov, L. A.  Lapshin, E. S.  Libman, L. A.  Linnik, G. N.  Orlov, B. V.  Ovchinnikov, A. D.  Semenov, V. M.  Sokolov, S. N.  Fedorov, “The Liman-2 multitarget laser ophthalmological complex,” in Abstracts of Reports of the Fourth All-Union Conference on the Optics of Lasers, Leningrad, 1984, p. 357.
  3. “Marketplace. IRIDEX Offerings,” Ophthalmology Management, Dec.2002.
  4. Yu. S.  Astakhov, S. Yu.  Astakhov, E. L.  Akopov, S. V.  Frolov, E. E.  Babenkov, M. A.  Smirnova, “Ophthalmological laser complex,” Russian Federation Patent No. 127 624 (2011).
  5. Yu. S.  Astakhov, E. L.  Akopov, A. A.  Ivanov, M. A.  Smirnova, L. N.  Panteleev, A. I.  Nevorotin, “Development and experimental testing of a two-wavelength laser apparatus for photocoagulation of the tissues of the eye,” Oftal’molog. Vedom. 6, No. 2, 62 (2013).
  6. M. S.  Blumencrantz, D.  Yellachich, D. E.  Andersen, M. W.  Wiltberger, D.  Mordaunt, G. R.  Marcellino, D.  Palanker, “Semiautomated patterned scanning laser for retinal photocoagulation,” Retina 26, No. 3, 370 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. F. E.  Shadrichev, E. E.  Krasnoshchekova, “PASCAL—a pattern-scanning laser apparatus,” Oftal’molog. Vedom. 3, No. 2, 48 (2010).
  8. A.  Jain, M. S.  Blumencrantz, Y.  Paulus, M. W.  Wiltberger, D. E.  Andersen, P.  Huie, D.  Palanker, “Effect of pulse duration on size and character of the lesion in retinal photocoagulation,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 126, No. 1, 78 (2008).
  9. R.  Lee, T.  Murata, T.  Hirano, “MC-500 Vixi. Multicolor laser photocoagulator. Case report,” NIDEK Co., Ltd. (2011).

2013 (1)

Yu. S.  Astakhov, E. L.  Akopov, A. A.  Ivanov, M. A.  Smirnova, L. N.  Panteleev, A. I.  Nevorotin, “Development and experimental testing of a two-wavelength laser apparatus for photocoagulation of the tissues of the eye,” Oftal’molog. Vedom. 6, No. 2, 62 (2013).

2010 (1)

F. E.  Shadrichev, E. E.  Krasnoshchekova, “PASCAL—a pattern-scanning laser apparatus,” Oftal’molog. Vedom. 3, No. 2, 48 (2010).

2008 (1)

A.  Jain, M. S.  Blumencrantz, Y.  Paulus, M. W.  Wiltberger, D. E.  Andersen, P.  Huie, D.  Palanker, “Effect of pulse duration on size and character of the lesion in retinal photocoagulation,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 126, No. 1, 78 (2008).

2006 (1)

M. S.  Blumencrantz, D.  Yellachich, D. E.  Andersen, M. W.  Wiltberger, D.  Mordaunt, G. R.  Marcellino, D.  Palanker, “Semiautomated patterned scanning laser for retinal photocoagulation,” Retina 26, No. 3, 370 (2006).
[CrossRef]

1963 (1)

N. S.  Kapany, N. A.  Peppers, H. C.  Zweng, M.  Flocks, “Retinal photocoagulation by lasers,” Nature 199, 146 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Akopov, E. L.

Yu. S.  Astakhov, E. L.  Akopov, A. A.  Ivanov, M. A.  Smirnova, L. N.  Panteleev, A. I.  Nevorotin, “Development and experimental testing of a two-wavelength laser apparatus for photocoagulation of the tissues of the eye,” Oftal’molog. Vedom. 6, No. 2, 62 (2013).

Yu. S.  Astakhov, S. Yu.  Astakhov, E. L.  Akopov, S. V.  Frolov, E. E.  Babenkov, M. A.  Smirnova, “Ophthalmological laser complex,” Russian Federation Patent No. 127 624 (2011).

Andersen, D. E.

A.  Jain, M. S.  Blumencrantz, Y.  Paulus, M. W.  Wiltberger, D. E.  Andersen, P.  Huie, D.  Palanker, “Effect of pulse duration on size and character of the lesion in retinal photocoagulation,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 126, No. 1, 78 (2008).

M. S.  Blumencrantz, D.  Yellachich, D. E.  Andersen, M. W.  Wiltberger, D.  Mordaunt, G. R.  Marcellino, D.  Palanker, “Semiautomated patterned scanning laser for retinal photocoagulation,” Retina 26, No. 3, 370 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Astakhov, S. Yu.

Yu. S.  Astakhov, S. Yu.  Astakhov, E. L.  Akopov, S. V.  Frolov, E. E.  Babenkov, M. A.  Smirnova, “Ophthalmological laser complex,” Russian Federation Patent No. 127 624 (2011).

Astakhov, Yu. S.

Yu. S.  Astakhov, E. L.  Akopov, A. A.  Ivanov, M. A.  Smirnova, L. N.  Panteleev, A. I.  Nevorotin, “Development and experimental testing of a two-wavelength laser apparatus for photocoagulation of the tissues of the eye,” Oftal’molog. Vedom. 6, No. 2, 62 (2013).

Yu. S.  Astakhov, S. Yu.  Astakhov, E. L.  Akopov, S. V.  Frolov, E. E.  Babenkov, M. A.  Smirnova, “Ophthalmological laser complex,” Russian Federation Patent No. 127 624 (2011).

Babenkov, E. E.

Yu. S.  Astakhov, S. Yu.  Astakhov, E. L.  Akopov, S. V.  Frolov, E. E.  Babenkov, M. A.  Smirnova, “Ophthalmological laser complex,” Russian Federation Patent No. 127 624 (2011).

Balashevich, L. I.

Yu. L.  Tverskoĭ, L. I.  Balashevich, Yu. D.  Berezin, E. N.  Beĭlin, V. V.  Volkov, B. V.  Gorbunov, L. A.  Lapshin, E. S.  Libman, L. A.  Linnik, G. N.  Orlov, B. V.  Ovchinnikov, A. D.  Semenov, V. M.  Sokolov, S. N.  Fedorov, “The Liman-2 multitarget laser ophthalmological complex,” in Abstracts of Reports of the Fourth All-Union Conference on the Optics of Lasers, Leningrad, 1984, p. 357.

Beilin, E. N.

Yu. L.  Tverskoĭ, L. I.  Balashevich, Yu. D.  Berezin, E. N.  Beĭlin, V. V.  Volkov, B. V.  Gorbunov, L. A.  Lapshin, E. S.  Libman, L. A.  Linnik, G. N.  Orlov, B. V.  Ovchinnikov, A. D.  Semenov, V. M.  Sokolov, S. N.  Fedorov, “The Liman-2 multitarget laser ophthalmological complex,” in Abstracts of Reports of the Fourth All-Union Conference on the Optics of Lasers, Leningrad, 1984, p. 357.

Berezin, Yu. D.

Yu. L.  Tverskoĭ, L. I.  Balashevich, Yu. D.  Berezin, E. N.  Beĭlin, V. V.  Volkov, B. V.  Gorbunov, L. A.  Lapshin, E. S.  Libman, L. A.  Linnik, G. N.  Orlov, B. V.  Ovchinnikov, A. D.  Semenov, V. M.  Sokolov, S. N.  Fedorov, “The Liman-2 multitarget laser ophthalmological complex,” in Abstracts of Reports of the Fourth All-Union Conference on the Optics of Lasers, Leningrad, 1984, p. 357.

Blumencrantz, M. S.

A.  Jain, M. S.  Blumencrantz, Y.  Paulus, M. W.  Wiltberger, D. E.  Andersen, P.  Huie, D.  Palanker, “Effect of pulse duration on size and character of the lesion in retinal photocoagulation,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 126, No. 1, 78 (2008).

M. S.  Blumencrantz, D.  Yellachich, D. E.  Andersen, M. W.  Wiltberger, D.  Mordaunt, G. R.  Marcellino, D.  Palanker, “Semiautomated patterned scanning laser for retinal photocoagulation,” Retina 26, No. 3, 370 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fedorov, S. N.

Yu. L.  Tverskoĭ, L. I.  Balashevich, Yu. D.  Berezin, E. N.  Beĭlin, V. V.  Volkov, B. V.  Gorbunov, L. A.  Lapshin, E. S.  Libman, L. A.  Linnik, G. N.  Orlov, B. V.  Ovchinnikov, A. D.  Semenov, V. M.  Sokolov, S. N.  Fedorov, “The Liman-2 multitarget laser ophthalmological complex,” in Abstracts of Reports of the Fourth All-Union Conference on the Optics of Lasers, Leningrad, 1984, p. 357.

Flocks, M.

N. S.  Kapany, N. A.  Peppers, H. C.  Zweng, M.  Flocks, “Retinal photocoagulation by lasers,” Nature 199, 146 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Frolov, S. V.

Yu. S.  Astakhov, S. Yu.  Astakhov, E. L.  Akopov, S. V.  Frolov, E. E.  Babenkov, M. A.  Smirnova, “Ophthalmological laser complex,” Russian Federation Patent No. 127 624 (2011).

Gorbunov, B. V.

Yu. L.  Tverskoĭ, L. I.  Balashevich, Yu. D.  Berezin, E. N.  Beĭlin, V. V.  Volkov, B. V.  Gorbunov, L. A.  Lapshin, E. S.  Libman, L. A.  Linnik, G. N.  Orlov, B. V.  Ovchinnikov, A. D.  Semenov, V. M.  Sokolov, S. N.  Fedorov, “The Liman-2 multitarget laser ophthalmological complex,” in Abstracts of Reports of the Fourth All-Union Conference on the Optics of Lasers, Leningrad, 1984, p. 357.

Hirano, T.

R.  Lee, T.  Murata, T.  Hirano, “MC-500 Vixi. Multicolor laser photocoagulator. Case report,” NIDEK Co., Ltd. (2011).

Huie, P.

A.  Jain, M. S.  Blumencrantz, Y.  Paulus, M. W.  Wiltberger, D. E.  Andersen, P.  Huie, D.  Palanker, “Effect of pulse duration on size and character of the lesion in retinal photocoagulation,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 126, No. 1, 78 (2008).

Ivanov, A. A.

Yu. S.  Astakhov, E. L.  Akopov, A. A.  Ivanov, M. A.  Smirnova, L. N.  Panteleev, A. I.  Nevorotin, “Development and experimental testing of a two-wavelength laser apparatus for photocoagulation of the tissues of the eye,” Oftal’molog. Vedom. 6, No. 2, 62 (2013).

Jain, A.

A.  Jain, M. S.  Blumencrantz, Y.  Paulus, M. W.  Wiltberger, D. E.  Andersen, P.  Huie, D.  Palanker, “Effect of pulse duration on size and character of the lesion in retinal photocoagulation,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 126, No. 1, 78 (2008).

Kapany, N. S.

N. S.  Kapany, N. A.  Peppers, H. C.  Zweng, M.  Flocks, “Retinal photocoagulation by lasers,” Nature 199, 146 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Krasnoshchekova, E. E.

F. E.  Shadrichev, E. E.  Krasnoshchekova, “PASCAL—a pattern-scanning laser apparatus,” Oftal’molog. Vedom. 3, No. 2, 48 (2010).

Lapshin, L. A.

Yu. L.  Tverskoĭ, L. I.  Balashevich, Yu. D.  Berezin, E. N.  Beĭlin, V. V.  Volkov, B. V.  Gorbunov, L. A.  Lapshin, E. S.  Libman, L. A.  Linnik, G. N.  Orlov, B. V.  Ovchinnikov, A. D.  Semenov, V. M.  Sokolov, S. N.  Fedorov, “The Liman-2 multitarget laser ophthalmological complex,” in Abstracts of Reports of the Fourth All-Union Conference on the Optics of Lasers, Leningrad, 1984, p. 357.

Lee, R.

R.  Lee, T.  Murata, T.  Hirano, “MC-500 Vixi. Multicolor laser photocoagulator. Case report,” NIDEK Co., Ltd. (2011).

Libman, E. S.

Yu. L.  Tverskoĭ, L. I.  Balashevich, Yu. D.  Berezin, E. N.  Beĭlin, V. V.  Volkov, B. V.  Gorbunov, L. A.  Lapshin, E. S.  Libman, L. A.  Linnik, G. N.  Orlov, B. V.  Ovchinnikov, A. D.  Semenov, V. M.  Sokolov, S. N.  Fedorov, “The Liman-2 multitarget laser ophthalmological complex,” in Abstracts of Reports of the Fourth All-Union Conference on the Optics of Lasers, Leningrad, 1984, p. 357.

Linnik, L. A.

Yu. L.  Tverskoĭ, L. I.  Balashevich, Yu. D.  Berezin, E. N.  Beĭlin, V. V.  Volkov, B. V.  Gorbunov, L. A.  Lapshin, E. S.  Libman, L. A.  Linnik, G. N.  Orlov, B. V.  Ovchinnikov, A. D.  Semenov, V. M.  Sokolov, S. N.  Fedorov, “The Liman-2 multitarget laser ophthalmological complex,” in Abstracts of Reports of the Fourth All-Union Conference on the Optics of Lasers, Leningrad, 1984, p. 357.

Marcellino, G. R.

M. S.  Blumencrantz, D.  Yellachich, D. E.  Andersen, M. W.  Wiltberger, D.  Mordaunt, G. R.  Marcellino, D.  Palanker, “Semiautomated patterned scanning laser for retinal photocoagulation,” Retina 26, No. 3, 370 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mordaunt, D.

M. S.  Blumencrantz, D.  Yellachich, D. E.  Andersen, M. W.  Wiltberger, D.  Mordaunt, G. R.  Marcellino, D.  Palanker, “Semiautomated patterned scanning laser for retinal photocoagulation,” Retina 26, No. 3, 370 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Murata, T.

R.  Lee, T.  Murata, T.  Hirano, “MC-500 Vixi. Multicolor laser photocoagulator. Case report,” NIDEK Co., Ltd. (2011).

Nevorotin, A. I.

Yu. S.  Astakhov, E. L.  Akopov, A. A.  Ivanov, M. A.  Smirnova, L. N.  Panteleev, A. I.  Nevorotin, “Development and experimental testing of a two-wavelength laser apparatus for photocoagulation of the tissues of the eye,” Oftal’molog. Vedom. 6, No. 2, 62 (2013).

Orlov, G. N.

Yu. L.  Tverskoĭ, L. I.  Balashevich, Yu. D.  Berezin, E. N.  Beĭlin, V. V.  Volkov, B. V.  Gorbunov, L. A.  Lapshin, E. S.  Libman, L. A.  Linnik, G. N.  Orlov, B. V.  Ovchinnikov, A. D.  Semenov, V. M.  Sokolov, S. N.  Fedorov, “The Liman-2 multitarget laser ophthalmological complex,” in Abstracts of Reports of the Fourth All-Union Conference on the Optics of Lasers, Leningrad, 1984, p. 357.

Ovchinnikov, B. V.

Yu. L.  Tverskoĭ, L. I.  Balashevich, Yu. D.  Berezin, E. N.  Beĭlin, V. V.  Volkov, B. V.  Gorbunov, L. A.  Lapshin, E. S.  Libman, L. A.  Linnik, G. N.  Orlov, B. V.  Ovchinnikov, A. D.  Semenov, V. M.  Sokolov, S. N.  Fedorov, “The Liman-2 multitarget laser ophthalmological complex,” in Abstracts of Reports of the Fourth All-Union Conference on the Optics of Lasers, Leningrad, 1984, p. 357.

Palanker, D.

A.  Jain, M. S.  Blumencrantz, Y.  Paulus, M. W.  Wiltberger, D. E.  Andersen, P.  Huie, D.  Palanker, “Effect of pulse duration on size and character of the lesion in retinal photocoagulation,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 126, No. 1, 78 (2008).

M. S.  Blumencrantz, D.  Yellachich, D. E.  Andersen, M. W.  Wiltberger, D.  Mordaunt, G. R.  Marcellino, D.  Palanker, “Semiautomated patterned scanning laser for retinal photocoagulation,” Retina 26, No. 3, 370 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Panteleev, L. N.

Yu. S.  Astakhov, E. L.  Akopov, A. A.  Ivanov, M. A.  Smirnova, L. N.  Panteleev, A. I.  Nevorotin, “Development and experimental testing of a two-wavelength laser apparatus for photocoagulation of the tissues of the eye,” Oftal’molog. Vedom. 6, No. 2, 62 (2013).

Paulus, Y.

A.  Jain, M. S.  Blumencrantz, Y.  Paulus, M. W.  Wiltberger, D. E.  Andersen, P.  Huie, D.  Palanker, “Effect of pulse duration on size and character of the lesion in retinal photocoagulation,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 126, No. 1, 78 (2008).

Peppers, N. A.

N. S.  Kapany, N. A.  Peppers, H. C.  Zweng, M.  Flocks, “Retinal photocoagulation by lasers,” Nature 199, 146 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Semenov, A. D.

Yu. L.  Tverskoĭ, L. I.  Balashevich, Yu. D.  Berezin, E. N.  Beĭlin, V. V.  Volkov, B. V.  Gorbunov, L. A.  Lapshin, E. S.  Libman, L. A.  Linnik, G. N.  Orlov, B. V.  Ovchinnikov, A. D.  Semenov, V. M.  Sokolov, S. N.  Fedorov, “The Liman-2 multitarget laser ophthalmological complex,” in Abstracts of Reports of the Fourth All-Union Conference on the Optics of Lasers, Leningrad, 1984, p. 357.

Shadrichev, F. E.

F. E.  Shadrichev, E. E.  Krasnoshchekova, “PASCAL—a pattern-scanning laser apparatus,” Oftal’molog. Vedom. 3, No. 2, 48 (2010).

Smirnova, M. A.

Yu. S.  Astakhov, E. L.  Akopov, A. A.  Ivanov, M. A.  Smirnova, L. N.  Panteleev, A. I.  Nevorotin, “Development and experimental testing of a two-wavelength laser apparatus for photocoagulation of the tissues of the eye,” Oftal’molog. Vedom. 6, No. 2, 62 (2013).

Yu. S.  Astakhov, S. Yu.  Astakhov, E. L.  Akopov, S. V.  Frolov, E. E.  Babenkov, M. A.  Smirnova, “Ophthalmological laser complex,” Russian Federation Patent No. 127 624 (2011).

Sokolov, V. M.

Yu. L.  Tverskoĭ, L. I.  Balashevich, Yu. D.  Berezin, E. N.  Beĭlin, V. V.  Volkov, B. V.  Gorbunov, L. A.  Lapshin, E. S.  Libman, L. A.  Linnik, G. N.  Orlov, B. V.  Ovchinnikov, A. D.  Semenov, V. M.  Sokolov, S. N.  Fedorov, “The Liman-2 multitarget laser ophthalmological complex,” in Abstracts of Reports of the Fourth All-Union Conference on the Optics of Lasers, Leningrad, 1984, p. 357.

Tverskoi, Yu. L.

Yu. L.  Tverskoĭ, L. I.  Balashevich, Yu. D.  Berezin, E. N.  Beĭlin, V. V.  Volkov, B. V.  Gorbunov, L. A.  Lapshin, E. S.  Libman, L. A.  Linnik, G. N.  Orlov, B. V.  Ovchinnikov, A. D.  Semenov, V. M.  Sokolov, S. N.  Fedorov, “The Liman-2 multitarget laser ophthalmological complex,” in Abstracts of Reports of the Fourth All-Union Conference on the Optics of Lasers, Leningrad, 1984, p. 357.

Volkov, V. V.

Yu. L.  Tverskoĭ, L. I.  Balashevich, Yu. D.  Berezin, E. N.  Beĭlin, V. V.  Volkov, B. V.  Gorbunov, L. A.  Lapshin, E. S.  Libman, L. A.  Linnik, G. N.  Orlov, B. V.  Ovchinnikov, A. D.  Semenov, V. M.  Sokolov, S. N.  Fedorov, “The Liman-2 multitarget laser ophthalmological complex,” in Abstracts of Reports of the Fourth All-Union Conference on the Optics of Lasers, Leningrad, 1984, p. 357.

Wiltberger, M. W.

A.  Jain, M. S.  Blumencrantz, Y.  Paulus, M. W.  Wiltberger, D. E.  Andersen, P.  Huie, D.  Palanker, “Effect of pulse duration on size and character of the lesion in retinal photocoagulation,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 126, No. 1, 78 (2008).

M. S.  Blumencrantz, D.  Yellachich, D. E.  Andersen, M. W.  Wiltberger, D.  Mordaunt, G. R.  Marcellino, D.  Palanker, “Semiautomated patterned scanning laser for retinal photocoagulation,” Retina 26, No. 3, 370 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yellachich, D.

M. S.  Blumencrantz, D.  Yellachich, D. E.  Andersen, M. W.  Wiltberger, D.  Mordaunt, G. R.  Marcellino, D.  Palanker, “Semiautomated patterned scanning laser for retinal photocoagulation,” Retina 26, No. 3, 370 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zweng, H. C.

N. S.  Kapany, N. A.  Peppers, H. C.  Zweng, M.  Flocks, “Retinal photocoagulation by lasers,” Nature 199, 146 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Arch. Ophthalmol. (1)

A.  Jain, M. S.  Blumencrantz, Y.  Paulus, M. W.  Wiltberger, D. E.  Andersen, P.  Huie, D.  Palanker, “Effect of pulse duration on size and character of the lesion in retinal photocoagulation,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 126, No. 1, 78 (2008).

Nature (1)

N. S.  Kapany, N. A.  Peppers, H. C.  Zweng, M.  Flocks, “Retinal photocoagulation by lasers,” Nature 199, 146 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Oftal’molog. Vedom. (2)

Yu. S.  Astakhov, E. L.  Akopov, A. A.  Ivanov, M. A.  Smirnova, L. N.  Panteleev, A. I.  Nevorotin, “Development and experimental testing of a two-wavelength laser apparatus for photocoagulation of the tissues of the eye,” Oftal’molog. Vedom. 6, No. 2, 62 (2013).

F. E.  Shadrichev, E. E.  Krasnoshchekova, “PASCAL—a pattern-scanning laser apparatus,” Oftal’molog. Vedom. 3, No. 2, 48 (2010).

Retina (1)

M. S.  Blumencrantz, D.  Yellachich, D. E.  Andersen, M. W.  Wiltberger, D.  Mordaunt, G. R.  Marcellino, D.  Palanker, “Semiautomated patterned scanning laser for retinal photocoagulation,” Retina 26, No. 3, 370 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

R.  Lee, T.  Murata, T.  Hirano, “MC-500 Vixi. Multicolor laser photocoagulator. Case report,” NIDEK Co., Ltd. (2011).

Yu. L.  Tverskoĭ, L. I.  Balashevich, Yu. D.  Berezin, E. N.  Beĭlin, V. V.  Volkov, B. V.  Gorbunov, L. A.  Lapshin, E. S.  Libman, L. A.  Linnik, G. N.  Orlov, B. V.  Ovchinnikov, A. D.  Semenov, V. M.  Sokolov, S. N.  Fedorov, “The Liman-2 multitarget laser ophthalmological complex,” in Abstracts of Reports of the Fourth All-Union Conference on the Optics of Lasers, Leningrad, 1984, p. 357.

“Marketplace. IRIDEX Offerings,” Ophthalmology Management, Dec.2002.

Yu. S.  Astakhov, S. Yu.  Astakhov, E. L.  Akopov, S. V.  Frolov, E. E.  Babenkov, M. A.  Smirnova, “Ophthalmological laser complex,” Russian Federation Patent No. 127 624 (2011).

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