Abstract

The properties of anisotropic single-mode fiber lightguides with an elliptical highly doped germanium core and elliptical fluorine-doped cladding have been investigated. When the difference of the refractive indices of the core and the cladding equals 0.033 and the ratio of the axes of the core is about 2, the birefringence is about 0.00037. The fabricated lightguides, despite the differential optical losses of the orthogonal modes to radiation leakage, are distinguished by a low level of polarization stability. The degree to which the radiation remains polarized in them (≈0.003  m<sup>−1</sup>) is two orders of magnitude worse than in commercially produced lightguides. This is probably caused by local microstrain of the low-viscosity glass of the core.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. B.  Dyott, J. R.  Cozens, D. G.  Morris, “Preservation of polarisation in optical-fiber waveguides with elliptical cores,” Electron. Lett. 15, 380 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. N.  Payne, A. J.  Barlow, H. J. J.  Ramskov, “Development of low- and high-birefringence optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 30, 323 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. E.  Likhachev, M. M.  Bubnov, S. L.  Semenov, V. F.  Khopin, M. Yu.  Salganskiĭ, A. N.  Gur’yanov, E. M.  Dianov, “Optical losses in single-mode and multimode fibres heavily doped with GeO2 and P2O5,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 34, 241 (2004) [Quantum Electron. 34, 241 (2004)].
  4. M. J.  Marrone, “Polarisation holding in long-length polarizing fibers,” Electron. Lett. 21, 244 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. G.  Andreev, S. V.  Bureev, M. A.  Eron’yan, A. V.  Komarov, I. I.  Kryukov, T. V.  Mazunina, A. A.  Poloskov, E. V.  Ter-Nersesyants, M. K.  Tsibinogina, “Increasing the birefringence in anisotropic single-mode fiber lightguides with an elliptical stress cladding,” Opt. Zh. 79, No. 9, 107 (2012) [J. Opt. Technol. 79, 608 (2012)].
  6. S. V.  Bureev, K. V.  Dukel’skiĭ, M. A.  Eron’yan, P. A.  Zlobin, A. V.  Komarov, L. G.  Levit, V. I.  Strakhov, A. V.  Khokhlov, “Processing large blanks of anisotropic single-mode lightguides with elliptical cladding,” Opt. Zh. 74, No. 4, 85 (2007) [J. Opt. Technol. 74, 297 (2007)].

2012

A. G.  Andreev, S. V.  Bureev, M. A.  Eron’yan, A. V.  Komarov, I. I.  Kryukov, T. V.  Mazunina, A. A.  Poloskov, E. V.  Ter-Nersesyants, M. K.  Tsibinogina, “Increasing the birefringence in anisotropic single-mode fiber lightguides with an elliptical stress cladding,” Opt. Zh. 79, No. 9, 107 (2012) [J. Opt. Technol. 79, 608 (2012)].

2007

S. V.  Bureev, K. V.  Dukel’skiĭ, M. A.  Eron’yan, P. A.  Zlobin, A. V.  Komarov, L. G.  Levit, V. I.  Strakhov, A. V.  Khokhlov, “Processing large blanks of anisotropic single-mode lightguides with elliptical cladding,” Opt. Zh. 74, No. 4, 85 (2007) [J. Opt. Technol. 74, 297 (2007)].

2004

M. E.  Likhachev, M. M.  Bubnov, S. L.  Semenov, V. F.  Khopin, M. Yu.  Salganskiĭ, A. N.  Gur’yanov, E. M.  Dianov, “Optical losses in single-mode and multimode fibres heavily doped with GeO2 and P2O5,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 34, 241 (2004) [Quantum Electron. 34, 241 (2004)].

1985

M. J.  Marrone, “Polarisation holding in long-length polarizing fibers,” Electron. Lett. 21, 244 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1982

D. N.  Payne, A. J.  Barlow, H. J. J.  Ramskov, “Development of low- and high-birefringence optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 30, 323 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1979

R. B.  Dyott, J. R.  Cozens, D. G.  Morris, “Preservation of polarisation in optical-fiber waveguides with elliptical cores,” Electron. Lett. 15, 380 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Andreev, A. G.

A. G.  Andreev, S. V.  Bureev, M. A.  Eron’yan, A. V.  Komarov, I. I.  Kryukov, T. V.  Mazunina, A. A.  Poloskov, E. V.  Ter-Nersesyants, M. K.  Tsibinogina, “Increasing the birefringence in anisotropic single-mode fiber lightguides with an elliptical stress cladding,” Opt. Zh. 79, No. 9, 107 (2012) [J. Opt. Technol. 79, 608 (2012)].

Barlow, A. J.

D. N.  Payne, A. J.  Barlow, H. J. J.  Ramskov, “Development of low- and high-birefringence optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 30, 323 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Bubnov, M. M.

M. E.  Likhachev, M. M.  Bubnov, S. L.  Semenov, V. F.  Khopin, M. Yu.  Salganskiĭ, A. N.  Gur’yanov, E. M.  Dianov, “Optical losses in single-mode and multimode fibres heavily doped with GeO2 and P2O5,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 34, 241 (2004) [Quantum Electron. 34, 241 (2004)].

Bureev, S. V.

A. G.  Andreev, S. V.  Bureev, M. A.  Eron’yan, A. V.  Komarov, I. I.  Kryukov, T. V.  Mazunina, A. A.  Poloskov, E. V.  Ter-Nersesyants, M. K.  Tsibinogina, “Increasing the birefringence in anisotropic single-mode fiber lightguides with an elliptical stress cladding,” Opt. Zh. 79, No. 9, 107 (2012) [J. Opt. Technol. 79, 608 (2012)].

S. V.  Bureev, K. V.  Dukel’skiĭ, M. A.  Eron’yan, P. A.  Zlobin, A. V.  Komarov, L. G.  Levit, V. I.  Strakhov, A. V.  Khokhlov, “Processing large blanks of anisotropic single-mode lightguides with elliptical cladding,” Opt. Zh. 74, No. 4, 85 (2007) [J. Opt. Technol. 74, 297 (2007)].

Cozens, J. R.

R. B.  Dyott, J. R.  Cozens, D. G.  Morris, “Preservation of polarisation in optical-fiber waveguides with elliptical cores,” Electron. Lett. 15, 380 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

M. E.  Likhachev, M. M.  Bubnov, S. L.  Semenov, V. F.  Khopin, M. Yu.  Salganskiĭ, A. N.  Gur’yanov, E. M.  Dianov, “Optical losses in single-mode and multimode fibres heavily doped with GeO2 and P2O5,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 34, 241 (2004) [Quantum Electron. 34, 241 (2004)].

Dukel’skii, K. V.

S. V.  Bureev, K. V.  Dukel’skiĭ, M. A.  Eron’yan, P. A.  Zlobin, A. V.  Komarov, L. G.  Levit, V. I.  Strakhov, A. V.  Khokhlov, “Processing large blanks of anisotropic single-mode lightguides with elliptical cladding,” Opt. Zh. 74, No. 4, 85 (2007) [J. Opt. Technol. 74, 297 (2007)].

Dyott, R. B.

R. B.  Dyott, J. R.  Cozens, D. G.  Morris, “Preservation of polarisation in optical-fiber waveguides with elliptical cores,” Electron. Lett. 15, 380 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Eron’yan, M. A.

A. G.  Andreev, S. V.  Bureev, M. A.  Eron’yan, A. V.  Komarov, I. I.  Kryukov, T. V.  Mazunina, A. A.  Poloskov, E. V.  Ter-Nersesyants, M. K.  Tsibinogina, “Increasing the birefringence in anisotropic single-mode fiber lightguides with an elliptical stress cladding,” Opt. Zh. 79, No. 9, 107 (2012) [J. Opt. Technol. 79, 608 (2012)].

S. V.  Bureev, K. V.  Dukel’skiĭ, M. A.  Eron’yan, P. A.  Zlobin, A. V.  Komarov, L. G.  Levit, V. I.  Strakhov, A. V.  Khokhlov, “Processing large blanks of anisotropic single-mode lightguides with elliptical cladding,” Opt. Zh. 74, No. 4, 85 (2007) [J. Opt. Technol. 74, 297 (2007)].

Gur’yanov, A. N.

M. E.  Likhachev, M. M.  Bubnov, S. L.  Semenov, V. F.  Khopin, M. Yu.  Salganskiĭ, A. N.  Gur’yanov, E. M.  Dianov, “Optical losses in single-mode and multimode fibres heavily doped with GeO2 and P2O5,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 34, 241 (2004) [Quantum Electron. 34, 241 (2004)].

Khokhlov, A. V.

S. V.  Bureev, K. V.  Dukel’skiĭ, M. A.  Eron’yan, P. A.  Zlobin, A. V.  Komarov, L. G.  Levit, V. I.  Strakhov, A. V.  Khokhlov, “Processing large blanks of anisotropic single-mode lightguides with elliptical cladding,” Opt. Zh. 74, No. 4, 85 (2007) [J. Opt. Technol. 74, 297 (2007)].

Khopin, V. F.

M. E.  Likhachev, M. M.  Bubnov, S. L.  Semenov, V. F.  Khopin, M. Yu.  Salganskiĭ, A. N.  Gur’yanov, E. M.  Dianov, “Optical losses in single-mode and multimode fibres heavily doped with GeO2 and P2O5,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 34, 241 (2004) [Quantum Electron. 34, 241 (2004)].

Komarov, A. V.

A. G.  Andreev, S. V.  Bureev, M. A.  Eron’yan, A. V.  Komarov, I. I.  Kryukov, T. V.  Mazunina, A. A.  Poloskov, E. V.  Ter-Nersesyants, M. K.  Tsibinogina, “Increasing the birefringence in anisotropic single-mode fiber lightguides with an elliptical stress cladding,” Opt. Zh. 79, No. 9, 107 (2012) [J. Opt. Technol. 79, 608 (2012)].

S. V.  Bureev, K. V.  Dukel’skiĭ, M. A.  Eron’yan, P. A.  Zlobin, A. V.  Komarov, L. G.  Levit, V. I.  Strakhov, A. V.  Khokhlov, “Processing large blanks of anisotropic single-mode lightguides with elliptical cladding,” Opt. Zh. 74, No. 4, 85 (2007) [J. Opt. Technol. 74, 297 (2007)].

Kryukov, I. I.

A. G.  Andreev, S. V.  Bureev, M. A.  Eron’yan, A. V.  Komarov, I. I.  Kryukov, T. V.  Mazunina, A. A.  Poloskov, E. V.  Ter-Nersesyants, M. K.  Tsibinogina, “Increasing the birefringence in anisotropic single-mode fiber lightguides with an elliptical stress cladding,” Opt. Zh. 79, No. 9, 107 (2012) [J. Opt. Technol. 79, 608 (2012)].

Levit, L. G.

S. V.  Bureev, K. V.  Dukel’skiĭ, M. A.  Eron’yan, P. A.  Zlobin, A. V.  Komarov, L. G.  Levit, V. I.  Strakhov, A. V.  Khokhlov, “Processing large blanks of anisotropic single-mode lightguides with elliptical cladding,” Opt. Zh. 74, No. 4, 85 (2007) [J. Opt. Technol. 74, 297 (2007)].

Likhachev, M. E.

M. E.  Likhachev, M. M.  Bubnov, S. L.  Semenov, V. F.  Khopin, M. Yu.  Salganskiĭ, A. N.  Gur’yanov, E. M.  Dianov, “Optical losses in single-mode and multimode fibres heavily doped with GeO2 and P2O5,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 34, 241 (2004) [Quantum Electron. 34, 241 (2004)].

Marrone, M. J.

M. J.  Marrone, “Polarisation holding in long-length polarizing fibers,” Electron. Lett. 21, 244 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Mazunina, T. V.

A. G.  Andreev, S. V.  Bureev, M. A.  Eron’yan, A. V.  Komarov, I. I.  Kryukov, T. V.  Mazunina, A. A.  Poloskov, E. V.  Ter-Nersesyants, M. K.  Tsibinogina, “Increasing the birefringence in anisotropic single-mode fiber lightguides with an elliptical stress cladding,” Opt. Zh. 79, No. 9, 107 (2012) [J. Opt. Technol. 79, 608 (2012)].

Morris, D. G.

R. B.  Dyott, J. R.  Cozens, D. G.  Morris, “Preservation of polarisation in optical-fiber waveguides with elliptical cores,” Electron. Lett. 15, 380 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

D. N.  Payne, A. J.  Barlow, H. J. J.  Ramskov, “Development of low- and high-birefringence optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 30, 323 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Poloskov, A. A.

A. G.  Andreev, S. V.  Bureev, M. A.  Eron’yan, A. V.  Komarov, I. I.  Kryukov, T. V.  Mazunina, A. A.  Poloskov, E. V.  Ter-Nersesyants, M. K.  Tsibinogina, “Increasing the birefringence in anisotropic single-mode fiber lightguides with an elliptical stress cladding,” Opt. Zh. 79, No. 9, 107 (2012) [J. Opt. Technol. 79, 608 (2012)].

Ramskov, H. J. J.

D. N.  Payne, A. J.  Barlow, H. J. J.  Ramskov, “Development of low- and high-birefringence optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 30, 323 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Salganskii, M. Yu.

M. E.  Likhachev, M. M.  Bubnov, S. L.  Semenov, V. F.  Khopin, M. Yu.  Salganskiĭ, A. N.  Gur’yanov, E. M.  Dianov, “Optical losses in single-mode and multimode fibres heavily doped with GeO2 and P2O5,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 34, 241 (2004) [Quantum Electron. 34, 241 (2004)].

Semenov, S. L.

M. E.  Likhachev, M. M.  Bubnov, S. L.  Semenov, V. F.  Khopin, M. Yu.  Salganskiĭ, A. N.  Gur’yanov, E. M.  Dianov, “Optical losses in single-mode and multimode fibres heavily doped with GeO2 and P2O5,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 34, 241 (2004) [Quantum Electron. 34, 241 (2004)].

Strakhov, V. I.

S. V.  Bureev, K. V.  Dukel’skiĭ, M. A.  Eron’yan, P. A.  Zlobin, A. V.  Komarov, L. G.  Levit, V. I.  Strakhov, A. V.  Khokhlov, “Processing large blanks of anisotropic single-mode lightguides with elliptical cladding,” Opt. Zh. 74, No. 4, 85 (2007) [J. Opt. Technol. 74, 297 (2007)].

Ter-Nersesyants, E. V.

A. G.  Andreev, S. V.  Bureev, M. A.  Eron’yan, A. V.  Komarov, I. I.  Kryukov, T. V.  Mazunina, A. A.  Poloskov, E. V.  Ter-Nersesyants, M. K.  Tsibinogina, “Increasing the birefringence in anisotropic single-mode fiber lightguides with an elliptical stress cladding,” Opt. Zh. 79, No. 9, 107 (2012) [J. Opt. Technol. 79, 608 (2012)].

Tsibinogina, M. K.

A. G.  Andreev, S. V.  Bureev, M. A.  Eron’yan, A. V.  Komarov, I. I.  Kryukov, T. V.  Mazunina, A. A.  Poloskov, E. V.  Ter-Nersesyants, M. K.  Tsibinogina, “Increasing the birefringence in anisotropic single-mode fiber lightguides with an elliptical stress cladding,” Opt. Zh. 79, No. 9, 107 (2012) [J. Opt. Technol. 79, 608 (2012)].

Zlobin, P. A.

S. V.  Bureev, K. V.  Dukel’skiĭ, M. A.  Eron’yan, P. A.  Zlobin, A. V.  Komarov, L. G.  Levit, V. I.  Strakhov, A. V.  Khokhlov, “Processing large blanks of anisotropic single-mode lightguides with elliptical cladding,” Opt. Zh. 74, No. 4, 85 (2007) [J. Opt. Technol. 74, 297 (2007)].

Electron. Lett.

R. B.  Dyott, J. R.  Cozens, D. G.  Morris, “Preservation of polarisation in optical-fiber waveguides with elliptical cores,” Electron. Lett. 15, 380 (1979).
[CrossRef]

M. J.  Marrone, “Polarisation holding in long-length polarizing fibers,” Electron. Lett. 21, 244 (1985).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech.

D. N.  Payne, A. J.  Barlow, H. J. J.  Ramskov, “Development of low- and high-birefringence optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 30, 323 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow)

M. E.  Likhachev, M. M.  Bubnov, S. L.  Semenov, V. F.  Khopin, M. Yu.  Salganskiĭ, A. N.  Gur’yanov, E. M.  Dianov, “Optical losses in single-mode and multimode fibres heavily doped with GeO2 and P2O5,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 34, 241 (2004) [Quantum Electron. 34, 241 (2004)].

Opt. Zh.

A. G.  Andreev, S. V.  Bureev, M. A.  Eron’yan, A. V.  Komarov, I. I.  Kryukov, T. V.  Mazunina, A. A.  Poloskov, E. V.  Ter-Nersesyants, M. K.  Tsibinogina, “Increasing the birefringence in anisotropic single-mode fiber lightguides with an elliptical stress cladding,” Opt. Zh. 79, No. 9, 107 (2012) [J. Opt. Technol. 79, 608 (2012)].

S. V.  Bureev, K. V.  Dukel’skiĭ, M. A.  Eron’yan, P. A.  Zlobin, A. V.  Komarov, L. G.  Levit, V. I.  Strakhov, A. V.  Khokhlov, “Processing large blanks of anisotropic single-mode lightguides with elliptical cladding,” Opt. Zh. 74, No. 4, 85 (2007) [J. Opt. Technol. 74, 297 (2007)].

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