Abstract

At the level of the requirements of refractometric technologies, this paper presents the results of measurements of the refractive index, its concentration and temperature dependences, and also the UV absorption in green liquors formed in the production of sulfate cellulose. The design features and technical–operational parameters of a commercial refractometer for monitoring the overall alkalinity of green liquors are briefly considered.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. Yu. N.  Nepenin, Cellulose Technology. Production of Sulfate Cellulose (Lesnaya Promyshlennost’, Moscow, 1990).
  2. B. D.  Bogomolov, S. A.  Sapotitskiĭ, Processing of Alkali Sulfates and Sulfites (Lesnaya Promyshlennost’, Moscow, 1989).
  3. L. A.  Milovidova, Yu. V.  Sevast’yanova, G. V.  Komarova, V. K.  Dubovyĭ, Regeneration of the Chemicals in the Production of Sulfate Cellulose. Causticization and the Regeneration of Lime (Izd. Sever. (Arktich.) Fed. Univ., Arkhangel’sk, 2010).
  4. “Refractometry,” Tekhnokon Engineering Center, Russia, sor. 2001–2011, http://www.tcon.ru/refr/refract.htm .
  5. N. P.  Belov, O. S.  Gaĭdukova, I. A.  Panov, A. Yu.  Patyaev, Yu. Yu.  Smirnov, A. S.  Sherstobitova, A. D.  Yas’kov, “Laboratory spectrophotometer for the ultraviolet region,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Prib. 54, No. 5, 81 (2011).
  6. K. A.  Akmarov, V. V.  Artem’ev, N. P.  Belov, S. N.  Lapshov, E. E.  Maĭorov, A. Yu.  Patyaev, A. V.  Smirnov, A. S.  Sherstobitova, K. A.  Shishova, A. D.  Yas’kov, “Commercial refractometers and their application for monitoring chemical products,” Pribory No. 4, 1 (2012).
  7. N. P.  Belov, S. N.  Lapshov, E. E.  Maĭorov, A. S.  Sherstobitova, A. D.  Yas’kov, “Optical properties of solutions of black liquors and refractometric facilities for monitoring the concentration of the dry residue in the sulfate production of cellulose,” Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk. 79, 514 (2012).
  8. M. M.  Utegenov, E. A.  Kopylova, Z. A.  Estemesov, “The electronic spectra of synthetic water–alkali solutions,” in the Messenger of the K. I. Satpaev Kazakh National Technical University, 2006, pp. 90–96.

2012 (2)

K. A.  Akmarov, V. V.  Artem’ev, N. P.  Belov, S. N.  Lapshov, E. E.  Maĭorov, A. Yu.  Patyaev, A. V.  Smirnov, A. S.  Sherstobitova, K. A.  Shishova, A. D.  Yas’kov, “Commercial refractometers and their application for monitoring chemical products,” Pribory No. 4, 1 (2012).

N. P.  Belov, S. N.  Lapshov, E. E.  Maĭorov, A. S.  Sherstobitova, A. D.  Yas’kov, “Optical properties of solutions of black liquors and refractometric facilities for monitoring the concentration of the dry residue in the sulfate production of cellulose,” Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk. 79, 514 (2012).

2011 (1)

N. P.  Belov, O. S.  Gaĭdukova, I. A.  Panov, A. Yu.  Patyaev, Yu. Yu.  Smirnov, A. S.  Sherstobitova, A. D.  Yas’kov, “Laboratory spectrophotometer for the ultraviolet region,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Prib. 54, No. 5, 81 (2011).

Akmarov, K. A.

K. A.  Akmarov, V. V.  Artem’ev, N. P.  Belov, S. N.  Lapshov, E. E.  Maĭorov, A. Yu.  Patyaev, A. V.  Smirnov, A. S.  Sherstobitova, K. A.  Shishova, A. D.  Yas’kov, “Commercial refractometers and their application for monitoring chemical products,” Pribory No. 4, 1 (2012).

Artem’ev, V. V.

K. A.  Akmarov, V. V.  Artem’ev, N. P.  Belov, S. N.  Lapshov, E. E.  Maĭorov, A. Yu.  Patyaev, A. V.  Smirnov, A. S.  Sherstobitova, K. A.  Shishova, A. D.  Yas’kov, “Commercial refractometers and their application for monitoring chemical products,” Pribory No. 4, 1 (2012).

Belov, N. P.

K. A.  Akmarov, V. V.  Artem’ev, N. P.  Belov, S. N.  Lapshov, E. E.  Maĭorov, A. Yu.  Patyaev, A. V.  Smirnov, A. S.  Sherstobitova, K. A.  Shishova, A. D.  Yas’kov, “Commercial refractometers and their application for monitoring chemical products,” Pribory No. 4, 1 (2012).

N. P.  Belov, S. N.  Lapshov, E. E.  Maĭorov, A. S.  Sherstobitova, A. D.  Yas’kov, “Optical properties of solutions of black liquors and refractometric facilities for monitoring the concentration of the dry residue in the sulfate production of cellulose,” Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk. 79, 514 (2012).

N. P.  Belov, O. S.  Gaĭdukova, I. A.  Panov, A. Yu.  Patyaev, Yu. Yu.  Smirnov, A. S.  Sherstobitova, A. D.  Yas’kov, “Laboratory spectrophotometer for the ultraviolet region,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Prib. 54, No. 5, 81 (2011).

Bogomolov, B. D.

B. D.  Bogomolov, S. A.  Sapotitskiĭ, Processing of Alkali Sulfates and Sulfites (Lesnaya Promyshlennost’, Moscow, 1989).

Dubovyi, V. K.

L. A.  Milovidova, Yu. V.  Sevast’yanova, G. V.  Komarova, V. K.  Dubovyĭ, Regeneration of the Chemicals in the Production of Sulfate Cellulose. Causticization and the Regeneration of Lime (Izd. Sever. (Arktich.) Fed. Univ., Arkhangel’sk, 2010).

Estemesov, Z. A.

M. M.  Utegenov, E. A.  Kopylova, Z. A.  Estemesov, “The electronic spectra of synthetic water–alkali solutions,” in the Messenger of the K. I. Satpaev Kazakh National Technical University, 2006, pp. 90–96.

Gaidukova, O. S.

N. P.  Belov, O. S.  Gaĭdukova, I. A.  Panov, A. Yu.  Patyaev, Yu. Yu.  Smirnov, A. S.  Sherstobitova, A. D.  Yas’kov, “Laboratory spectrophotometer for the ultraviolet region,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Prib. 54, No. 5, 81 (2011).

Komarova, G. V.

L. A.  Milovidova, Yu. V.  Sevast’yanova, G. V.  Komarova, V. K.  Dubovyĭ, Regeneration of the Chemicals in the Production of Sulfate Cellulose. Causticization and the Regeneration of Lime (Izd. Sever. (Arktich.) Fed. Univ., Arkhangel’sk, 2010).

Kopylova, E. A.

M. M.  Utegenov, E. A.  Kopylova, Z. A.  Estemesov, “The electronic spectra of synthetic water–alkali solutions,” in the Messenger of the K. I. Satpaev Kazakh National Technical University, 2006, pp. 90–96.

Lapshov, S. N.

N. P.  Belov, S. N.  Lapshov, E. E.  Maĭorov, A. S.  Sherstobitova, A. D.  Yas’kov, “Optical properties of solutions of black liquors and refractometric facilities for monitoring the concentration of the dry residue in the sulfate production of cellulose,” Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk. 79, 514 (2012).

K. A.  Akmarov, V. V.  Artem’ev, N. P.  Belov, S. N.  Lapshov, E. E.  Maĭorov, A. Yu.  Patyaev, A. V.  Smirnov, A. S.  Sherstobitova, K. A.  Shishova, A. D.  Yas’kov, “Commercial refractometers and their application for monitoring chemical products,” Pribory No. 4, 1 (2012).

Maiorov, E. E.

K. A.  Akmarov, V. V.  Artem’ev, N. P.  Belov, S. N.  Lapshov, E. E.  Maĭorov, A. Yu.  Patyaev, A. V.  Smirnov, A. S.  Sherstobitova, K. A.  Shishova, A. D.  Yas’kov, “Commercial refractometers and their application for monitoring chemical products,” Pribory No. 4, 1 (2012).

N. P.  Belov, S. N.  Lapshov, E. E.  Maĭorov, A. S.  Sherstobitova, A. D.  Yas’kov, “Optical properties of solutions of black liquors and refractometric facilities for monitoring the concentration of the dry residue in the sulfate production of cellulose,” Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk. 79, 514 (2012).

Milovidova, L. A.

L. A.  Milovidova, Yu. V.  Sevast’yanova, G. V.  Komarova, V. K.  Dubovyĭ, Regeneration of the Chemicals in the Production of Sulfate Cellulose. Causticization and the Regeneration of Lime (Izd. Sever. (Arktich.) Fed. Univ., Arkhangel’sk, 2010).

Nepenin, Yu. N.

Yu. N.  Nepenin, Cellulose Technology. Production of Sulfate Cellulose (Lesnaya Promyshlennost’, Moscow, 1990).

Panov, I. A.

N. P.  Belov, O. S.  Gaĭdukova, I. A.  Panov, A. Yu.  Patyaev, Yu. Yu.  Smirnov, A. S.  Sherstobitova, A. D.  Yas’kov, “Laboratory spectrophotometer for the ultraviolet region,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Prib. 54, No. 5, 81 (2011).

Patyaev, A. Yu.

K. A.  Akmarov, V. V.  Artem’ev, N. P.  Belov, S. N.  Lapshov, E. E.  Maĭorov, A. Yu.  Patyaev, A. V.  Smirnov, A. S.  Sherstobitova, K. A.  Shishova, A. D.  Yas’kov, “Commercial refractometers and their application for monitoring chemical products,” Pribory No. 4, 1 (2012).

N. P.  Belov, O. S.  Gaĭdukova, I. A.  Panov, A. Yu.  Patyaev, Yu. Yu.  Smirnov, A. S.  Sherstobitova, A. D.  Yas’kov, “Laboratory spectrophotometer for the ultraviolet region,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Prib. 54, No. 5, 81 (2011).

Sapotitskii, S. A.

B. D.  Bogomolov, S. A.  Sapotitskiĭ, Processing of Alkali Sulfates and Sulfites (Lesnaya Promyshlennost’, Moscow, 1989).

Sevast’yanova, Yu. V.

L. A.  Milovidova, Yu. V.  Sevast’yanova, G. V.  Komarova, V. K.  Dubovyĭ, Regeneration of the Chemicals in the Production of Sulfate Cellulose. Causticization and the Regeneration of Lime (Izd. Sever. (Arktich.) Fed. Univ., Arkhangel’sk, 2010).

Sherstobitova, A. S.

N. P.  Belov, S. N.  Lapshov, E. E.  Maĭorov, A. S.  Sherstobitova, A. D.  Yas’kov, “Optical properties of solutions of black liquors and refractometric facilities for monitoring the concentration of the dry residue in the sulfate production of cellulose,” Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk. 79, 514 (2012).

K. A.  Akmarov, V. V.  Artem’ev, N. P.  Belov, S. N.  Lapshov, E. E.  Maĭorov, A. Yu.  Patyaev, A. V.  Smirnov, A. S.  Sherstobitova, K. A.  Shishova, A. D.  Yas’kov, “Commercial refractometers and their application for monitoring chemical products,” Pribory No. 4, 1 (2012).

N. P.  Belov, O. S.  Gaĭdukova, I. A.  Panov, A. Yu.  Patyaev, Yu. Yu.  Smirnov, A. S.  Sherstobitova, A. D.  Yas’kov, “Laboratory spectrophotometer for the ultraviolet region,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Prib. 54, No. 5, 81 (2011).

Shishova, K. A.

K. A.  Akmarov, V. V.  Artem’ev, N. P.  Belov, S. N.  Lapshov, E. E.  Maĭorov, A. Yu.  Patyaev, A. V.  Smirnov, A. S.  Sherstobitova, K. A.  Shishova, A. D.  Yas’kov, “Commercial refractometers and their application for monitoring chemical products,” Pribory No. 4, 1 (2012).

Smirnov, A. V.

K. A.  Akmarov, V. V.  Artem’ev, N. P.  Belov, S. N.  Lapshov, E. E.  Maĭorov, A. Yu.  Patyaev, A. V.  Smirnov, A. S.  Sherstobitova, K. A.  Shishova, A. D.  Yas’kov, “Commercial refractometers and their application for monitoring chemical products,” Pribory No. 4, 1 (2012).

Smirnov, Yu. Yu.

N. P.  Belov, O. S.  Gaĭdukova, I. A.  Panov, A. Yu.  Patyaev, Yu. Yu.  Smirnov, A. S.  Sherstobitova, A. D.  Yas’kov, “Laboratory spectrophotometer for the ultraviolet region,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Prib. 54, No. 5, 81 (2011).

Utegenov, M. M.

M. M.  Utegenov, E. A.  Kopylova, Z. A.  Estemesov, “The electronic spectra of synthetic water–alkali solutions,” in the Messenger of the K. I. Satpaev Kazakh National Technical University, 2006, pp. 90–96.

Yas’kov, A. D.

K. A.  Akmarov, V. V.  Artem’ev, N. P.  Belov, S. N.  Lapshov, E. E.  Maĭorov, A. Yu.  Patyaev, A. V.  Smirnov, A. S.  Sherstobitova, K. A.  Shishova, A. D.  Yas’kov, “Commercial refractometers and their application for monitoring chemical products,” Pribory No. 4, 1 (2012).

N. P.  Belov, S. N.  Lapshov, E. E.  Maĭorov, A. S.  Sherstobitova, A. D.  Yas’kov, “Optical properties of solutions of black liquors and refractometric facilities for monitoring the concentration of the dry residue in the sulfate production of cellulose,” Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk. 79, 514 (2012).

N. P.  Belov, O. S.  Gaĭdukova, I. A.  Panov, A. Yu.  Patyaev, Yu. Yu.  Smirnov, A. S.  Sherstobitova, A. D.  Yas’kov, “Laboratory spectrophotometer for the ultraviolet region,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Prib. 54, No. 5, 81 (2011).

Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Prib. (1)

N. P.  Belov, O. S.  Gaĭdukova, I. A.  Panov, A. Yu.  Patyaev, Yu. Yu.  Smirnov, A. S.  Sherstobitova, A. D.  Yas’kov, “Laboratory spectrophotometer for the ultraviolet region,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Prib. 54, No. 5, 81 (2011).

Pribory (1)

K. A.  Akmarov, V. V.  Artem’ev, N. P.  Belov, S. N.  Lapshov, E. E.  Maĭorov, A. Yu.  Patyaev, A. V.  Smirnov, A. S.  Sherstobitova, K. A.  Shishova, A. D.  Yas’kov, “Commercial refractometers and their application for monitoring chemical products,” Pribory No. 4, 1 (2012).

Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk. (1)

N. P.  Belov, S. N.  Lapshov, E. E.  Maĭorov, A. S.  Sherstobitova, A. D.  Yas’kov, “Optical properties of solutions of black liquors and refractometric facilities for monitoring the concentration of the dry residue in the sulfate production of cellulose,” Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk. 79, 514 (2012).

Other (5)

M. M.  Utegenov, E. A.  Kopylova, Z. A.  Estemesov, “The electronic spectra of synthetic water–alkali solutions,” in the Messenger of the K. I. Satpaev Kazakh National Technical University, 2006, pp. 90–96.

Yu. N.  Nepenin, Cellulose Technology. Production of Sulfate Cellulose (Lesnaya Promyshlennost’, Moscow, 1990).

B. D.  Bogomolov, S. A.  Sapotitskiĭ, Processing of Alkali Sulfates and Sulfites (Lesnaya Promyshlennost’, Moscow, 1989).

L. A.  Milovidova, Yu. V.  Sevast’yanova, G. V.  Komarova, V. K.  Dubovyĭ, Regeneration of the Chemicals in the Production of Sulfate Cellulose. Causticization and the Regeneration of Lime (Izd. Sever. (Arktich.) Fed. Univ., Arkhangel’sk, 2010).

“Refractometry,” Tekhnokon Engineering Center, Russia, sor. 2001–2011, http://www.tcon.ru/refr/refract.htm .

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