Abstract

In this paper, the transmission performance of 4×10  Gbps wavelength division multiplexing system using optical cross add and drop multiplexer (OXADM) with 0.1 nm channel spacing has been demonstrated and the effect of insertion loss, attenuation and crosstalk has been investigated. It is found that the signal can be transmitted with acceptable BER up to 85 km without amplification at insertion loss 6 dB with an attenuation of 50 dB. In addition, it is also observed that the system provides acceptable performance with maximum crosstalk of −35  dB at an insertion loss of 70 and 6 dB attenuation for the same distance. We show improvement in transmission distance at high bit rates and reduced channel spacing.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. S.  Ab-Rahman, “The OSNR study on optical cross add and drop multiplexer (OXADM): with limitation highlight,” in Fourth Advanced International Conference on Telecommunications, 2008, pp. 413–419.
  2. C.  Caraglia, S.  Haffaouz, J. V.  Zantvoort, X.  Leijtens, M.  Smit, “A photonic integrated add-drop multiplexing for a 1.6 Tbits/s optical ring network,” in Proceedings of the Symposium of the IEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter, Enschede, The Netherlands, 2003, pp. 69–72.
  3. A. K.  Garg, R. S.  Kaler, “A novel optical burst switching architecture for high speed networks,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 6, No. 11, 807–811 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M.  Mahiuddin, M. S.  Islam, “Analysis of performance limitations in fiber Bragg grating based optical add-drop multiplexer due to crosstalk,” J. Networks 7, No. 3, 450–455 (2012).
  5. S.-K.  Liaw, K.-P.  Ho, L. K.  Chen, F.  Tong, S.  Chi, “High-dynamic-range optical cross-connect device using fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, No. 8, 1054–1056 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A.  Tzanakaki, I.  Zacharopoulus, I.  Tomkos, “Optical add/drop multiplexers and optical cross-connects for wavelength routed network,” in Proc. ICTON, 2003, pp. 41–46.
  7. R. S.  Kaler, T. S.  Kamal, A. K.  Sharma, “Simulation results for DWDM systems with ultra-high capacity,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 21, 361–369 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. S.  Ab-Rahman, M. H.  Harun, “Restoration scheme in optical cross add and drop multiplexer (OXADM) device—the transparency test,” Aust. J. Basic Appl. Sci. 5, No. 10, 165–173 (2011).
  9. M. S.  Ab-Rahman, A. A.  Abd. Rahni, M. S.  Dzulkefly Zan, K.  Jumari, S.  Shaari, M. F.  Ibrahim, OXADMs: The Next Generation of Optical Switching Devices (IEEE, 2008).
  10. Y.  Shen, K.  Lu, W.  Gu, “Coherent and incoherent crosstalk in WDM optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, No. 5, 759–764 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. S. B.  Ab-Rahman, A. A.  Ehsan, H.  Husin, S.  Shaari, “Analytical modeling of optical cross add and drop multiplexing switch,” in Proc. ICSE, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia2006, pp. 290–293.
  12. M. S.  Ab-Rahman, “Survivability schemes in optical cross add and drop multiplexer,” in Proc. ICACT, Feb.17–20, 2008, pp. 2007–2012.

2012 (1)

M.  Mahiuddin, M. S.  Islam, “Analysis of performance limitations in fiber Bragg grating based optical add-drop multiplexer due to crosstalk,” J. Networks 7, No. 3, 450–455 (2012).

2011 (1)

M. S.  Ab-Rahman, M. H.  Harun, “Restoration scheme in optical cross add and drop multiplexer (OXADM) device—the transparency test,” Aust. J. Basic Appl. Sci. 5, No. 10, 165–173 (2011).

2008 (1)

2002 (1)

R. S.  Kaler, T. S.  Kamal, A. K.  Sharma, “Simulation results for DWDM systems with ultra-high capacity,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 21, 361–369 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

Y.  Shen, K.  Lu, W.  Gu, “Coherent and incoherent crosstalk in WDM optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, No. 5, 759–764 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S.-K.  Liaw, K.-P.  Ho, L. K.  Chen, F.  Tong, S.  Chi, “High-dynamic-range optical cross-connect device using fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, No. 8, 1054–1056 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Abd. Rahni, A. A.

M. S.  Ab-Rahman, A. A.  Abd. Rahni, M. S.  Dzulkefly Zan, K.  Jumari, S.  Shaari, M. F.  Ibrahim, OXADMs: The Next Generation of Optical Switching Devices (IEEE, 2008).

Ab-Rahman, M. S.

M. S.  Ab-Rahman, M. H.  Harun, “Restoration scheme in optical cross add and drop multiplexer (OXADM) device—the transparency test,” Aust. J. Basic Appl. Sci. 5, No. 10, 165–173 (2011).

M. S.  Ab-Rahman, “The OSNR study on optical cross add and drop multiplexer (OXADM): with limitation highlight,” in Fourth Advanced International Conference on Telecommunications, 2008, pp. 413–419.

M. S.  Ab-Rahman, “Survivability schemes in optical cross add and drop multiplexer,” in Proc. ICACT, Feb.17–20, 2008, pp. 2007–2012.

M. S.  Ab-Rahman, A. A.  Abd. Rahni, M. S.  Dzulkefly Zan, K.  Jumari, S.  Shaari, M. F.  Ibrahim, OXADMs: The Next Generation of Optical Switching Devices (IEEE, 2008).

Ab-Rahman, M. S. B.

M. S. B.  Ab-Rahman, A. A.  Ehsan, H.  Husin, S.  Shaari, “Analytical modeling of optical cross add and drop multiplexing switch,” in Proc. ICSE, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia2006, pp. 290–293.

Caraglia, C.

C.  Caraglia, S.  Haffaouz, J. V.  Zantvoort, X.  Leijtens, M.  Smit, “A photonic integrated add-drop multiplexing for a 1.6 Tbits/s optical ring network,” in Proceedings of the Symposium of the IEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter, Enschede, The Netherlands, 2003, pp. 69–72.

Chen, L. K.

S.-K.  Liaw, K.-P.  Ho, L. K.  Chen, F.  Tong, S.  Chi, “High-dynamic-range optical cross-connect device using fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, No. 8, 1054–1056 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chi, S.

S.-K.  Liaw, K.-P.  Ho, L. K.  Chen, F.  Tong, S.  Chi, “High-dynamic-range optical cross-connect device using fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, No. 8, 1054–1056 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dzulkefly Zan, M. S.

M. S.  Ab-Rahman, A. A.  Abd. Rahni, M. S.  Dzulkefly Zan, K.  Jumari, S.  Shaari, M. F.  Ibrahim, OXADMs: The Next Generation of Optical Switching Devices (IEEE, 2008).

Ehsan, A. A.

M. S. B.  Ab-Rahman, A. A.  Ehsan, H.  Husin, S.  Shaari, “Analytical modeling of optical cross add and drop multiplexing switch,” in Proc. ICSE, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia2006, pp. 290–293.

Garg, A. K.

Gu, W.

Haffaouz, S.

C.  Caraglia, S.  Haffaouz, J. V.  Zantvoort, X.  Leijtens, M.  Smit, “A photonic integrated add-drop multiplexing for a 1.6 Tbits/s optical ring network,” in Proceedings of the Symposium of the IEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter, Enschede, The Netherlands, 2003, pp. 69–72.

Harun, M. H.

M. S.  Ab-Rahman, M. H.  Harun, “Restoration scheme in optical cross add and drop multiplexer (OXADM) device—the transparency test,” Aust. J. Basic Appl. Sci. 5, No. 10, 165–173 (2011).

Ho, K.-P.

S.-K.  Liaw, K.-P.  Ho, L. K.  Chen, F.  Tong, S.  Chi, “High-dynamic-range optical cross-connect device using fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, No. 8, 1054–1056 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Husin, H.

M. S. B.  Ab-Rahman, A. A.  Ehsan, H.  Husin, S.  Shaari, “Analytical modeling of optical cross add and drop multiplexing switch,” in Proc. ICSE, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia2006, pp. 290–293.

Ibrahim, M. F.

M. S.  Ab-Rahman, A. A.  Abd. Rahni, M. S.  Dzulkefly Zan, K.  Jumari, S.  Shaari, M. F.  Ibrahim, OXADMs: The Next Generation of Optical Switching Devices (IEEE, 2008).

Islam, M. S.

M.  Mahiuddin, M. S.  Islam, “Analysis of performance limitations in fiber Bragg grating based optical add-drop multiplexer due to crosstalk,” J. Networks 7, No. 3, 450–455 (2012).

Jumari, K.

M. S.  Ab-Rahman, A. A.  Abd. Rahni, M. S.  Dzulkefly Zan, K.  Jumari, S.  Shaari, M. F.  Ibrahim, OXADMs: The Next Generation of Optical Switching Devices (IEEE, 2008).

Kaler, R. S.

A. K.  Garg, R. S.  Kaler, “A novel optical burst switching architecture for high speed networks,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 6, No. 11, 807–811 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. S.  Kaler, T. S.  Kamal, A. K.  Sharma, “Simulation results for DWDM systems with ultra-high capacity,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 21, 361–369 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kamal, T. S.

R. S.  Kaler, T. S.  Kamal, A. K.  Sharma, “Simulation results for DWDM systems with ultra-high capacity,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 21, 361–369 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Leijtens, X.

C.  Caraglia, S.  Haffaouz, J. V.  Zantvoort, X.  Leijtens, M.  Smit, “A photonic integrated add-drop multiplexing for a 1.6 Tbits/s optical ring network,” in Proceedings of the Symposium of the IEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter, Enschede, The Netherlands, 2003, pp. 69–72.

Liaw, S.-K.

S.-K.  Liaw, K.-P.  Ho, L. K.  Chen, F.  Tong, S.  Chi, “High-dynamic-range optical cross-connect device using fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, No. 8, 1054–1056 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lu, K.

Mahiuddin, M.

M.  Mahiuddin, M. S.  Islam, “Analysis of performance limitations in fiber Bragg grating based optical add-drop multiplexer due to crosstalk,” J. Networks 7, No. 3, 450–455 (2012).

Shaari, S.

M. S. B.  Ab-Rahman, A. A.  Ehsan, H.  Husin, S.  Shaari, “Analytical modeling of optical cross add and drop multiplexing switch,” in Proc. ICSE, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia2006, pp. 290–293.

M. S.  Ab-Rahman, A. A.  Abd. Rahni, M. S.  Dzulkefly Zan, K.  Jumari, S.  Shaari, M. F.  Ibrahim, OXADMs: The Next Generation of Optical Switching Devices (IEEE, 2008).

Sharma, A. K.

R. S.  Kaler, T. S.  Kamal, A. K.  Sharma, “Simulation results for DWDM systems with ultra-high capacity,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 21, 361–369 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y.

Smit, M.

C.  Caraglia, S.  Haffaouz, J. V.  Zantvoort, X.  Leijtens, M.  Smit, “A photonic integrated add-drop multiplexing for a 1.6 Tbits/s optical ring network,” in Proceedings of the Symposium of the IEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter, Enschede, The Netherlands, 2003, pp. 69–72.

Tomkos, I.

A.  Tzanakaki, I.  Zacharopoulus, I.  Tomkos, “Optical add/drop multiplexers and optical cross-connects for wavelength routed network,” in Proc. ICTON, 2003, pp. 41–46.

Tong, F.

S.-K.  Liaw, K.-P.  Ho, L. K.  Chen, F.  Tong, S.  Chi, “High-dynamic-range optical cross-connect device using fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, No. 8, 1054–1056 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tzanakaki, A.

A.  Tzanakaki, I.  Zacharopoulus, I.  Tomkos, “Optical add/drop multiplexers and optical cross-connects for wavelength routed network,” in Proc. ICTON, 2003, pp. 41–46.

Zacharopoulus, I.

A.  Tzanakaki, I.  Zacharopoulus, I.  Tomkos, “Optical add/drop multiplexers and optical cross-connects for wavelength routed network,” in Proc. ICTON, 2003, pp. 41–46.

Zantvoort, J. V.

C.  Caraglia, S.  Haffaouz, J. V.  Zantvoort, X.  Leijtens, M.  Smit, “A photonic integrated add-drop multiplexing for a 1.6 Tbits/s optical ring network,” in Proceedings of the Symposium of the IEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter, Enschede, The Netherlands, 2003, pp. 69–72.

Aust. J. Basic Appl. Sci. (1)

M. S.  Ab-Rahman, M. H.  Harun, “Restoration scheme in optical cross add and drop multiplexer (OXADM) device—the transparency test,” Aust. J. Basic Appl. Sci. 5, No. 10, 165–173 (2011).

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

Fiber Integr. Opt. (1)

R. S.  Kaler, T. S.  Kamal, A. K.  Sharma, “Simulation results for DWDM systems with ultra-high capacity,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 21, 361–369 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

S.-K.  Liaw, K.-P.  Ho, L. K.  Chen, F.  Tong, S.  Chi, “High-dynamic-range optical cross-connect device using fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, No. 8, 1054–1056 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Networks (1)

M.  Mahiuddin, M. S.  Islam, “Analysis of performance limitations in fiber Bragg grating based optical add-drop multiplexer due to crosstalk,” J. Networks 7, No. 3, 450–455 (2012).

Other (6)

A.  Tzanakaki, I.  Zacharopoulus, I.  Tomkos, “Optical add/drop multiplexers and optical cross-connects for wavelength routed network,” in Proc. ICTON, 2003, pp. 41–46.

M. S.  Ab-Rahman, A. A.  Abd. Rahni, M. S.  Dzulkefly Zan, K.  Jumari, S.  Shaari, M. F.  Ibrahim, OXADMs: The Next Generation of Optical Switching Devices (IEEE, 2008).

M. S.  Ab-Rahman, “The OSNR study on optical cross add and drop multiplexer (OXADM): with limitation highlight,” in Fourth Advanced International Conference on Telecommunications, 2008, pp. 413–419.

C.  Caraglia, S.  Haffaouz, J. V.  Zantvoort, X.  Leijtens, M.  Smit, “A photonic integrated add-drop multiplexing for a 1.6 Tbits/s optical ring network,” in Proceedings of the Symposium of the IEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter, Enschede, The Netherlands, 2003, pp. 69–72.

M. S. B.  Ab-Rahman, A. A.  Ehsan, H.  Husin, S.  Shaari, “Analytical modeling of optical cross add and drop multiplexing switch,” in Proc. ICSE, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia2006, pp. 290–293.

M. S.  Ab-Rahman, “Survivability schemes in optical cross add and drop multiplexer,” in Proc. ICACT, Feb.17–20, 2008, pp. 2007–2012.

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