Abstract

The use of multipass optical systems as well as the compression of the gaseous test medium to increase the signal intensity of the spontaneous Raman scattering of light has been experimentally studied. A description of a prototype developed for a natural-gas analyzer based on spontaneous Raman scattering spectroscopy is presented. A technique is described for calculating the composition of natural gas from its spectrum. The results are compared with chromatographic-analysis data.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. , “Natural gas. Determining the composition by the method of gas chromatography with an estimate of the indeterminacy.”
  2. J.  Kiefer, T.  Seeger, S.  Steuer, S.  Schorsch, M. C.  Weikl, A.  Leipertz, “Design and characterization of a Raman-scattering-based sensor system for temporally resolved gas analysis and its application in a gas turbine power plant,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 19, 085408 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. C.  Eichmann, M.  Weschta, J.  Kiefer, T.  Seeger, A.  Leipertz, “Characterization of a fast gas analyzer based on Raman scattering for the analysis of synthesis gas,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 125104 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S.  Schorsch, J.  Kiefer, S.  Steuer, T.  Seeger, A.  Leipertz, S.  Gonschorek, B.  Abröll, M.  Käß, “Entwicklung eines Echtzeitanalyse-Systems zur Charakterisierung von Brenngasgemischen in Gasturbinenkraftwerken,” Chemie Ing. Tech. 83, 247 (2011).
  5. W.  Kiefer, H. J.  Bernstein, H.  Wieser, M.  Danyluk, “The vapor-phase Raman spectra and the ring-puckering vibration of some deuterated analogs of trimethylene oxide,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 43, 393 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. C.  Utsav, J. A.  Silver, D. C.  Hovde, P. L.  Varghese, “Improved multiple-pass Raman spectrometer,” Appl. Opt. 50, 4805 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. C.  Hilico, J. P.  Champion, S.  Toumi, Vl. G.  Tyuterev, S. A.  Tashkun, “New analysis of the pentad system of methane and prediction of the (pentad–pentad) spectrum,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 168, 455 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L. M.  Sverdlov, M. A.  Kovner, E. P.  Kra?nov, Vibrational Spectra of Polyatomic Molecules (Nauka, Moscow, 1970).

2011 (2)

S.  Schorsch, J.  Kiefer, S.  Steuer, T.  Seeger, A.  Leipertz, S.  Gonschorek, B.  Abröll, M.  Käß, “Entwicklung eines Echtzeitanalyse-Systems zur Charakterisierung von Brenngasgemischen in Gasturbinenkraftwerken,” Chemie Ing. Tech. 83, 247 (2011).

K. C.  Utsav, J. A.  Silver, D. C.  Hovde, P. L.  Varghese, “Improved multiple-pass Raman spectrometer,” Appl. Opt. 50, 4805 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

S. C.  Eichmann, M.  Weschta, J.  Kiefer, T.  Seeger, A.  Leipertz, “Characterization of a fast gas analyzer based on Raman scattering for the analysis of synthesis gas,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 125104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

J.  Kiefer, T.  Seeger, S.  Steuer, S.  Schorsch, M. C.  Weikl, A.  Leipertz, “Design and characterization of a Raman-scattering-based sensor system for temporally resolved gas analysis and its application in a gas turbine power plant,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 19, 085408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

J. C.  Hilico, J. P.  Champion, S.  Toumi, Vl. G.  Tyuterev, S. A.  Tashkun, “New analysis of the pentad system of methane and prediction of the (pentad–pentad) spectrum,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 168, 455 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

W.  Kiefer, H. J.  Bernstein, H.  Wieser, M.  Danyluk, “The vapor-phase Raman spectra and the ring-puckering vibration of some deuterated analogs of trimethylene oxide,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 43, 393 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Abröll, B.

S.  Schorsch, J.  Kiefer, S.  Steuer, T.  Seeger, A.  Leipertz, S.  Gonschorek, B.  Abröll, M.  Käß, “Entwicklung eines Echtzeitanalyse-Systems zur Charakterisierung von Brenngasgemischen in Gasturbinenkraftwerken,” Chemie Ing. Tech. 83, 247 (2011).

Bernstein, H. J.

W.  Kiefer, H. J.  Bernstein, H.  Wieser, M.  Danyluk, “The vapor-phase Raman spectra and the ring-puckering vibration of some deuterated analogs of trimethylene oxide,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 43, 393 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Champion, J. P.

J. C.  Hilico, J. P.  Champion, S.  Toumi, Vl. G.  Tyuterev, S. A.  Tashkun, “New analysis of the pentad system of methane and prediction of the (pentad–pentad) spectrum,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 168, 455 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Danyluk, M.

W.  Kiefer, H. J.  Bernstein, H.  Wieser, M.  Danyluk, “The vapor-phase Raman spectra and the ring-puckering vibration of some deuterated analogs of trimethylene oxide,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 43, 393 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Eichmann, S. C.

S. C.  Eichmann, M.  Weschta, J.  Kiefer, T.  Seeger, A.  Leipertz, “Characterization of a fast gas analyzer based on Raman scattering for the analysis of synthesis gas,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 125104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gonschorek, S.

S.  Schorsch, J.  Kiefer, S.  Steuer, T.  Seeger, A.  Leipertz, S.  Gonschorek, B.  Abröll, M.  Käß, “Entwicklung eines Echtzeitanalyse-Systems zur Charakterisierung von Brenngasgemischen in Gasturbinenkraftwerken,” Chemie Ing. Tech. 83, 247 (2011).

Hilico, J. C.

J. C.  Hilico, J. P.  Champion, S.  Toumi, Vl. G.  Tyuterev, S. A.  Tashkun, “New analysis of the pentad system of methane and prediction of the (pentad–pentad) spectrum,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 168, 455 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hovde, D. C.

Käß, M.

S.  Schorsch, J.  Kiefer, S.  Steuer, T.  Seeger, A.  Leipertz, S.  Gonschorek, B.  Abröll, M.  Käß, “Entwicklung eines Echtzeitanalyse-Systems zur Charakterisierung von Brenngasgemischen in Gasturbinenkraftwerken,” Chemie Ing. Tech. 83, 247 (2011).

Kiefer, J.

S.  Schorsch, J.  Kiefer, S.  Steuer, T.  Seeger, A.  Leipertz, S.  Gonschorek, B.  Abröll, M.  Käß, “Entwicklung eines Echtzeitanalyse-Systems zur Charakterisierung von Brenngasgemischen in Gasturbinenkraftwerken,” Chemie Ing. Tech. 83, 247 (2011).

S. C.  Eichmann, M.  Weschta, J.  Kiefer, T.  Seeger, A.  Leipertz, “Characterization of a fast gas analyzer based on Raman scattering for the analysis of synthesis gas,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 125104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J.  Kiefer, T.  Seeger, S.  Steuer, S.  Schorsch, M. C.  Weikl, A.  Leipertz, “Design and characterization of a Raman-scattering-based sensor system for temporally resolved gas analysis and its application in a gas turbine power plant,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 19, 085408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kiefer, W.

W.  Kiefer, H. J.  Bernstein, H.  Wieser, M.  Danyluk, “The vapor-phase Raman spectra and the ring-puckering vibration of some deuterated analogs of trimethylene oxide,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 43, 393 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kovner, M. A.

L. M.  Sverdlov, M. A.  Kovner, E. P.  Kra?nov, Vibrational Spectra of Polyatomic Molecules (Nauka, Moscow, 1970).

Krainov, E. P.

L. M.  Sverdlov, M. A.  Kovner, E. P.  Kra?nov, Vibrational Spectra of Polyatomic Molecules (Nauka, Moscow, 1970).

Leipertz, A.

S.  Schorsch, J.  Kiefer, S.  Steuer, T.  Seeger, A.  Leipertz, S.  Gonschorek, B.  Abröll, M.  Käß, “Entwicklung eines Echtzeitanalyse-Systems zur Charakterisierung von Brenngasgemischen in Gasturbinenkraftwerken,” Chemie Ing. Tech. 83, 247 (2011).

S. C.  Eichmann, M.  Weschta, J.  Kiefer, T.  Seeger, A.  Leipertz, “Characterization of a fast gas analyzer based on Raman scattering for the analysis of synthesis gas,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 125104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J.  Kiefer, T.  Seeger, S.  Steuer, S.  Schorsch, M. C.  Weikl, A.  Leipertz, “Design and characterization of a Raman-scattering-based sensor system for temporally resolved gas analysis and its application in a gas turbine power plant,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 19, 085408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schorsch, S.

S.  Schorsch, J.  Kiefer, S.  Steuer, T.  Seeger, A.  Leipertz, S.  Gonschorek, B.  Abröll, M.  Käß, “Entwicklung eines Echtzeitanalyse-Systems zur Charakterisierung von Brenngasgemischen in Gasturbinenkraftwerken,” Chemie Ing. Tech. 83, 247 (2011).

J.  Kiefer, T.  Seeger, S.  Steuer, S.  Schorsch, M. C.  Weikl, A.  Leipertz, “Design and characterization of a Raman-scattering-based sensor system for temporally resolved gas analysis and its application in a gas turbine power plant,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 19, 085408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Seeger, T.

S.  Schorsch, J.  Kiefer, S.  Steuer, T.  Seeger, A.  Leipertz, S.  Gonschorek, B.  Abröll, M.  Käß, “Entwicklung eines Echtzeitanalyse-Systems zur Charakterisierung von Brenngasgemischen in Gasturbinenkraftwerken,” Chemie Ing. Tech. 83, 247 (2011).

S. C.  Eichmann, M.  Weschta, J.  Kiefer, T.  Seeger, A.  Leipertz, “Characterization of a fast gas analyzer based on Raman scattering for the analysis of synthesis gas,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 125104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J.  Kiefer, T.  Seeger, S.  Steuer, S.  Schorsch, M. C.  Weikl, A.  Leipertz, “Design and characterization of a Raman-scattering-based sensor system for temporally resolved gas analysis and its application in a gas turbine power plant,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 19, 085408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Silver, J. A.

Steuer, S.

S.  Schorsch, J.  Kiefer, S.  Steuer, T.  Seeger, A.  Leipertz, S.  Gonschorek, B.  Abröll, M.  Käß, “Entwicklung eines Echtzeitanalyse-Systems zur Charakterisierung von Brenngasgemischen in Gasturbinenkraftwerken,” Chemie Ing. Tech. 83, 247 (2011).

J.  Kiefer, T.  Seeger, S.  Steuer, S.  Schorsch, M. C.  Weikl, A.  Leipertz, “Design and characterization of a Raman-scattering-based sensor system for temporally resolved gas analysis and its application in a gas turbine power plant,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 19, 085408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sverdlov, L. M.

L. M.  Sverdlov, M. A.  Kovner, E. P.  Kra?nov, Vibrational Spectra of Polyatomic Molecules (Nauka, Moscow, 1970).

Tashkun, S. A.

J. C.  Hilico, J. P.  Champion, S.  Toumi, Vl. G.  Tyuterev, S. A.  Tashkun, “New analysis of the pentad system of methane and prediction of the (pentad–pentad) spectrum,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 168, 455 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Toumi, S.

J. C.  Hilico, J. P.  Champion, S.  Toumi, Vl. G.  Tyuterev, S. A.  Tashkun, “New analysis of the pentad system of methane and prediction of the (pentad–pentad) spectrum,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 168, 455 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tyuterev, Vl. G.

J. C.  Hilico, J. P.  Champion, S.  Toumi, Vl. G.  Tyuterev, S. A.  Tashkun, “New analysis of the pentad system of methane and prediction of the (pentad–pentad) spectrum,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 168, 455 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Utsav, K. C.

Varghese, P. L.

Weikl, M. C.

J.  Kiefer, T.  Seeger, S.  Steuer, S.  Schorsch, M. C.  Weikl, A.  Leipertz, “Design and characterization of a Raman-scattering-based sensor system for temporally resolved gas analysis and its application in a gas turbine power plant,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 19, 085408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Weschta, M.

S. C.  Eichmann, M.  Weschta, J.  Kiefer, T.  Seeger, A.  Leipertz, “Characterization of a fast gas analyzer based on Raman scattering for the analysis of synthesis gas,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 125104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wieser, H.

W.  Kiefer, H. J.  Bernstein, H.  Wieser, M.  Danyluk, “The vapor-phase Raman spectra and the ring-puckering vibration of some deuterated analogs of trimethylene oxide,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 43, 393 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Chemie Ing. Tech. (1)

S.  Schorsch, J.  Kiefer, S.  Steuer, T.  Seeger, A.  Leipertz, S.  Gonschorek, B.  Abröll, M.  Käß, “Entwicklung eines Echtzeitanalyse-Systems zur Charakterisierung von Brenngasgemischen in Gasturbinenkraftwerken,” Chemie Ing. Tech. 83, 247 (2011).

J. Mol. Spectrosc. (2)

W.  Kiefer, H. J.  Bernstein, H.  Wieser, M.  Danyluk, “The vapor-phase Raman spectra and the ring-puckering vibration of some deuterated analogs of trimethylene oxide,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 43, 393 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. C.  Hilico, J. P.  Champion, S.  Toumi, Vl. G.  Tyuterev, S. A.  Tashkun, “New analysis of the pentad system of methane and prediction of the (pentad–pentad) spectrum,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 168, 455 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

J.  Kiefer, T.  Seeger, S.  Steuer, S.  Schorsch, M. C.  Weikl, A.  Leipertz, “Design and characterization of a Raman-scattering-based sensor system for temporally resolved gas analysis and its application in a gas turbine power plant,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 19, 085408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

S. C.  Eichmann, M.  Weschta, J.  Kiefer, T.  Seeger, A.  Leipertz, “Characterization of a fast gas analyzer based on Raman scattering for the analysis of synthesis gas,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 125104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

, “Natural gas. Determining the composition by the method of gas chromatography with an estimate of the indeterminacy.”

L. M.  Sverdlov, M. A.  Kovner, E. P.  Kra?nov, Vibrational Spectra of Polyatomic Molecules (Nauka, Moscow, 1970).

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