Abstract

This paper presents an express technique for determining the diffusion coefficients of chromium in ZnSe, using a Tm:YLF laser that emits at 1.908 ?m. The diffusion coefficients of chromium in ZnSe obtained by deposition from the vapor phase are determined to be D=(9.5±0.6)×10?9??cm2/s and D=(1.0±0.1)×10?9??cm2/s at 1100°C and 900°C, respectively. The absorption cross section of Cr2+ ions in zinc selenide at 1.908 ?m was 4.6×10?19??cm2.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. I. S.  Moskalev, V. V.  Fedorov, S. B.  Mirov, “Tunable, single-frequency, and multi-watt continuous-wave Cr2+:ZnSe lasers,” Opt. Express 16, 4145 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  2. V. V.  Fedorov, A.  Gallian, I. S.  Moskalev, S. B.  Mirov, “En route to electrically pumped broadly tunable middle infrared lasers based on transition-metal-doped II–VI semiconductors,” J. Lumin. 125, 184 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A.  Gallian, V. V.  Fedorov, S. B.  Mirov, “Hot-pressed ceramic Cr2+:ZnSe gain-switched laser,” Opt. Express 14, 11694 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. B.  Mirov, V. V.  Fedorov, K.  Graham, I. S.  Moskalev, V. V.  Badikov, V.  Panyutin, “Erbium fiber laser-pumped continuous-wave microchip Cr2+:ZnS and Cr2+:ZnSe lasers,” Opt. Lett. 27, 909 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Yu. F.  Vaksman, V. V.  Pavlov, Yu. A.  Nitsuk, Yu. N.  Purtov, A. S.  Nasibov, P. V.  Shapkin, “Preparation and optical properties of co-doped ZnSe single crystals,” Fiz. Tekh. Poluprovodn. 40, 815 (2006) [Semiconductors 40, 785 (2006)].
  6. Yu. F.  Vaksman, V. V.  Pavlov, Yu. A.  Nitsuk, Yu. N.  Purtov, A. S.  Nasibov, P. V.  Shapkin, “Optical absorption and chromium diffusion in ZnSe single crystals,” Fiz. Tekh. Poluprovodn. 39, 401 (2005) [Semiconductors 39, 377 (2005)].
  7. J. O.  Ndap, K.  Chattopadhyay, O. O.  Adetunji, D. E.  Zelmon, A.  Burger, “Thermal diffusion of Cr2+ in bulk ZnSe,” J. Cryst. Growth 240, 176 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. N. N.  Il’ichev, S. E.  Mosaleva, P. V.  Shapkin, A. S.  Nasibov, “Cobalt diffusion during doping of ZnSe single crystals,” Inorg. Mater. 43, 1050 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. U.  Demirbas, A.  Sennaroglu, M.  Somer, “Synthesis and characterization of diffusion-doped Cr2+:ZnSe and Fe2+:ZnSe,” Opt. Mater. 28, 231 (2006).
  10. H.  Mehrer, Diffusion in Solids: Fundamentals, Methods, Materials, Diffusion-Controlled Processes (Springer, London, 2007; Intellekt, Dolgoprudny?, 2011), p. 50.

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

N. N.  Il’ichev, S. E.  Mosaleva, P. V.  Shapkin, A. S.  Nasibov, “Cobalt diffusion during doping of ZnSe single crystals,” Inorg. Mater. 43, 1050 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. V.  Fedorov, A.  Gallian, I. S.  Moskalev, S. B.  Mirov, “En route to electrically pumped broadly tunable middle infrared lasers based on transition-metal-doped II–VI semiconductors,” J. Lumin. 125, 184 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

Yu. F.  Vaksman, V. V.  Pavlov, Yu. A.  Nitsuk, Yu. N.  Purtov, A. S.  Nasibov, P. V.  Shapkin, “Preparation and optical properties of co-doped ZnSe single crystals,” Fiz. Tekh. Poluprovodn. 40, 815 (2006) [Semiconductors 40, 785 (2006)].

U.  Demirbas, A.  Sennaroglu, M.  Somer, “Synthesis and characterization of diffusion-doped Cr2+:ZnSe and Fe2+:ZnSe,” Opt. Mater. 28, 231 (2006).

A.  Gallian, V. V.  Fedorov, S. B.  Mirov, “Hot-pressed ceramic Cr2+:ZnSe gain-switched laser,” Opt. Express 14, 11694 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

Yu. F.  Vaksman, V. V.  Pavlov, Yu. A.  Nitsuk, Yu. N.  Purtov, A. S.  Nasibov, P. V.  Shapkin, “Optical absorption and chromium diffusion in ZnSe single crystals,” Fiz. Tekh. Poluprovodn. 39, 401 (2005) [Semiconductors 39, 377 (2005)].

2002 (2)

J. O.  Ndap, K.  Chattopadhyay, O. O.  Adetunji, D. E.  Zelmon, A.  Burger, “Thermal diffusion of Cr2+ in bulk ZnSe,” J. Cryst. Growth 240, 176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. B.  Mirov, V. V.  Fedorov, K.  Graham, I. S.  Moskalev, V. V.  Badikov, V.  Panyutin, “Erbium fiber laser-pumped continuous-wave microchip Cr2+:ZnS and Cr2+:ZnSe lasers,” Opt. Lett. 27, 909 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Adetunji, O. O.

J. O.  Ndap, K.  Chattopadhyay, O. O.  Adetunji, D. E.  Zelmon, A.  Burger, “Thermal diffusion of Cr2+ in bulk ZnSe,” J. Cryst. Growth 240, 176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Badikov, V. V.

Burger, A.

J. O.  Ndap, K.  Chattopadhyay, O. O.  Adetunji, D. E.  Zelmon, A.  Burger, “Thermal diffusion of Cr2+ in bulk ZnSe,” J. Cryst. Growth 240, 176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chattopadhyay, K.

J. O.  Ndap, K.  Chattopadhyay, O. O.  Adetunji, D. E.  Zelmon, A.  Burger, “Thermal diffusion of Cr2+ in bulk ZnSe,” J. Cryst. Growth 240, 176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Demirbas, U.

U.  Demirbas, A.  Sennaroglu, M.  Somer, “Synthesis and characterization of diffusion-doped Cr2+:ZnSe and Fe2+:ZnSe,” Opt. Mater. 28, 231 (2006).

Fedorov, V. V.

Gallian, A.

V. V.  Fedorov, A.  Gallian, I. S.  Moskalev, S. B.  Mirov, “En route to electrically pumped broadly tunable middle infrared lasers based on transition-metal-doped II–VI semiconductors,” J. Lumin. 125, 184 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A.  Gallian, V. V.  Fedorov, S. B.  Mirov, “Hot-pressed ceramic Cr2+:ZnSe gain-switched laser,” Opt. Express 14, 11694 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Graham, K.

Il’ichev, N. N.

N. N.  Il’ichev, S. E.  Mosaleva, P. V.  Shapkin, A. S.  Nasibov, “Cobalt diffusion during doping of ZnSe single crystals,” Inorg. Mater. 43, 1050 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mehrer, H.

H.  Mehrer, Diffusion in Solids: Fundamentals, Methods, Materials, Diffusion-Controlled Processes (Springer, London, 2007; Intellekt, Dolgoprudny?, 2011), p. 50.

Mirov, S. B.

Mosaleva, S. E.

N. N.  Il’ichev, S. E.  Mosaleva, P. V.  Shapkin, A. S.  Nasibov, “Cobalt diffusion during doping of ZnSe single crystals,” Inorg. Mater. 43, 1050 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Moskalev, I. S.

Nasibov, A. S.

N. N.  Il’ichev, S. E.  Mosaleva, P. V.  Shapkin, A. S.  Nasibov, “Cobalt diffusion during doping of ZnSe single crystals,” Inorg. Mater. 43, 1050 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yu. F.  Vaksman, V. V.  Pavlov, Yu. A.  Nitsuk, Yu. N.  Purtov, A. S.  Nasibov, P. V.  Shapkin, “Preparation and optical properties of co-doped ZnSe single crystals,” Fiz. Tekh. Poluprovodn. 40, 815 (2006) [Semiconductors 40, 785 (2006)].

Yu. F.  Vaksman, V. V.  Pavlov, Yu. A.  Nitsuk, Yu. N.  Purtov, A. S.  Nasibov, P. V.  Shapkin, “Optical absorption and chromium diffusion in ZnSe single crystals,” Fiz. Tekh. Poluprovodn. 39, 401 (2005) [Semiconductors 39, 377 (2005)].

Ndap, J. O.

J. O.  Ndap, K.  Chattopadhyay, O. O.  Adetunji, D. E.  Zelmon, A.  Burger, “Thermal diffusion of Cr2+ in bulk ZnSe,” J. Cryst. Growth 240, 176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nitsuk, Yu. A.

Yu. F.  Vaksman, V. V.  Pavlov, Yu. A.  Nitsuk, Yu. N.  Purtov, A. S.  Nasibov, P. V.  Shapkin, “Preparation and optical properties of co-doped ZnSe single crystals,” Fiz. Tekh. Poluprovodn. 40, 815 (2006) [Semiconductors 40, 785 (2006)].

Yu. F.  Vaksman, V. V.  Pavlov, Yu. A.  Nitsuk, Yu. N.  Purtov, A. S.  Nasibov, P. V.  Shapkin, “Optical absorption and chromium diffusion in ZnSe single crystals,” Fiz. Tekh. Poluprovodn. 39, 401 (2005) [Semiconductors 39, 377 (2005)].

Panyutin, V.

Pavlov, V. V.

Yu. F.  Vaksman, V. V.  Pavlov, Yu. A.  Nitsuk, Yu. N.  Purtov, A. S.  Nasibov, P. V.  Shapkin, “Preparation and optical properties of co-doped ZnSe single crystals,” Fiz. Tekh. Poluprovodn. 40, 815 (2006) [Semiconductors 40, 785 (2006)].

Yu. F.  Vaksman, V. V.  Pavlov, Yu. A.  Nitsuk, Yu. N.  Purtov, A. S.  Nasibov, P. V.  Shapkin, “Optical absorption and chromium diffusion in ZnSe single crystals,” Fiz. Tekh. Poluprovodn. 39, 401 (2005) [Semiconductors 39, 377 (2005)].

Purtov, Yu. N.

Yu. F.  Vaksman, V. V.  Pavlov, Yu. A.  Nitsuk, Yu. N.  Purtov, A. S.  Nasibov, P. V.  Shapkin, “Preparation and optical properties of co-doped ZnSe single crystals,” Fiz. Tekh. Poluprovodn. 40, 815 (2006) [Semiconductors 40, 785 (2006)].

Yu. F.  Vaksman, V. V.  Pavlov, Yu. A.  Nitsuk, Yu. N.  Purtov, A. S.  Nasibov, P. V.  Shapkin, “Optical absorption and chromium diffusion in ZnSe single crystals,” Fiz. Tekh. Poluprovodn. 39, 401 (2005) [Semiconductors 39, 377 (2005)].

Sennaroglu, A.

U.  Demirbas, A.  Sennaroglu, M.  Somer, “Synthesis and characterization of diffusion-doped Cr2+:ZnSe and Fe2+:ZnSe,” Opt. Mater. 28, 231 (2006).

Shapkin, P. V.

N. N.  Il’ichev, S. E.  Mosaleva, P. V.  Shapkin, A. S.  Nasibov, “Cobalt diffusion during doping of ZnSe single crystals,” Inorg. Mater. 43, 1050 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yu. F.  Vaksman, V. V.  Pavlov, Yu. A.  Nitsuk, Yu. N.  Purtov, A. S.  Nasibov, P. V.  Shapkin, “Preparation and optical properties of co-doped ZnSe single crystals,” Fiz. Tekh. Poluprovodn. 40, 815 (2006) [Semiconductors 40, 785 (2006)].

Yu. F.  Vaksman, V. V.  Pavlov, Yu. A.  Nitsuk, Yu. N.  Purtov, A. S.  Nasibov, P. V.  Shapkin, “Optical absorption and chromium diffusion in ZnSe single crystals,” Fiz. Tekh. Poluprovodn. 39, 401 (2005) [Semiconductors 39, 377 (2005)].

Somer, M.

U.  Demirbas, A.  Sennaroglu, M.  Somer, “Synthesis and characterization of diffusion-doped Cr2+:ZnSe and Fe2+:ZnSe,” Opt. Mater. 28, 231 (2006).

Vaksman, Yu. F.

Yu. F.  Vaksman, V. V.  Pavlov, Yu. A.  Nitsuk, Yu. N.  Purtov, A. S.  Nasibov, P. V.  Shapkin, “Preparation and optical properties of co-doped ZnSe single crystals,” Fiz. Tekh. Poluprovodn. 40, 815 (2006) [Semiconductors 40, 785 (2006)].

Yu. F.  Vaksman, V. V.  Pavlov, Yu. A.  Nitsuk, Yu. N.  Purtov, A. S.  Nasibov, P. V.  Shapkin, “Optical absorption and chromium diffusion in ZnSe single crystals,” Fiz. Tekh. Poluprovodn. 39, 401 (2005) [Semiconductors 39, 377 (2005)].

Zelmon, D. E.

J. O.  Ndap, K.  Chattopadhyay, O. O.  Adetunji, D. E.  Zelmon, A.  Burger, “Thermal diffusion of Cr2+ in bulk ZnSe,” J. Cryst. Growth 240, 176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fiz. Tekh. Poluprovodn. (2)

Yu. F.  Vaksman, V. V.  Pavlov, Yu. A.  Nitsuk, Yu. N.  Purtov, A. S.  Nasibov, P. V.  Shapkin, “Preparation and optical properties of co-doped ZnSe single crystals,” Fiz. Tekh. Poluprovodn. 40, 815 (2006) [Semiconductors 40, 785 (2006)].

Yu. F.  Vaksman, V. V.  Pavlov, Yu. A.  Nitsuk, Yu. N.  Purtov, A. S.  Nasibov, P. V.  Shapkin, “Optical absorption and chromium diffusion in ZnSe single crystals,” Fiz. Tekh. Poluprovodn. 39, 401 (2005) [Semiconductors 39, 377 (2005)].

Inorg. Mater. (1)

N. N.  Il’ichev, S. E.  Mosaleva, P. V.  Shapkin, A. S.  Nasibov, “Cobalt diffusion during doping of ZnSe single crystals,” Inorg. Mater. 43, 1050 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

J. O.  Ndap, K.  Chattopadhyay, O. O.  Adetunji, D. E.  Zelmon, A.  Burger, “Thermal diffusion of Cr2+ in bulk ZnSe,” J. Cryst. Growth 240, 176 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

V. V.  Fedorov, A.  Gallian, I. S.  Moskalev, S. B.  Mirov, “En route to electrically pumped broadly tunable middle infrared lasers based on transition-metal-doped II–VI semiconductors,” J. Lumin. 125, 184 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. (1)

U.  Demirbas, A.  Sennaroglu, M.  Somer, “Synthesis and characterization of diffusion-doped Cr2+:ZnSe and Fe2+:ZnSe,” Opt. Mater. 28, 231 (2006).

Other (1)

H.  Mehrer, Diffusion in Solids: Fundamentals, Methods, Materials, Diffusion-Controlled Processes (Springer, London, 2007; Intellekt, Dolgoprudny?, 2011), p. 50.

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