Abstract

This paper lists the requirements imposed by the designers of powerful high-energy lasers and radiation amplifiers on KGSS 0180 phosphate glasses with various neodymium concentrations, used to manufacture large disk- and rod-shaped active elements. The classical two-stage technology for melting them is described, and a quantitative characterization is given of the extent to which structural water and the neodymium concentration in the glasses affect the maximum achievable luminescence time and quantum yield. A description is given of why inactive absorption of radiation appears at the lasing wavelength and a method for reducing it in the resulting glasses. A method is indicated for reducing the number of inclusions of metallic platinum in the glass, which affect its radiation strength.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. W. E.  Martin, J. B.  Trenholme, S. M.  Yarema, C. A.  Hurley, “Solid-state disk amplifier for fusion-laser system,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1744 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. L.  Emmet, U. F.  Krupke, J. B.  Trenholme, “Future powerful solid-state laser systems,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 5 (1983) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 1 (1983)].
  3. V. I.  Bayanov, E. G.  Bordachev, V. I.  Kryzhanovski?, V. A.  Serebryakov, O. S.  Shchavelev, A. V.  Charukhchev, V. E.  Yashin, “Rod amplifiers based on neodymium phosphate glass 60 mm in diameter with high gain,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 310 (1984) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 213 (1984)].
  4. S. G.  Lunter, A. A.  Mak, A. D.  Starikov, Yu. K.  Fedorov, A. V.  Charukhchev, V. N.  Chernov, “Six-beam laser apparatus based on Progress M neodymium glass with power 3 TW,” in Abstracts of the Fourteenth International Conference KiNO-91, 1991, vol. 1, p. 16.
  5. Sh.  Jiang, T.  Luo, M.  Myers, J.  Myers, J.  Lucas, N.  Peyghambarian, “Phosphate glasses for high-average-power lasers,” Proc. SPIE 3280, 2 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. H.  Campbell, M. J.  McLean, R.  Hawley-Fedder, T.  Saratwala, G.  Ficini-Dorn, J. H.  Trombert, “Development of continuous glass melting for production of Nd-doped phosphate glasses for the NIF and LMJ laser systems,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 778 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. H.  Campbell T. I.  Suratwala, “Nd-doped phosphate glasses for high-energy/high-peak-power lasers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263, 318 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  8. V. I.  Arbuzov, A. V.  Charukhchev, Yu. K.  Fyodorov, “Neodymium phosphate glasses for high-energy and high-peak-power lasers,” Glastech. Ber. Glass Sci. Technol. No. 2, 209 (2002).
  9. V. I.  Arbuzov, V. M.  Volynkin, S. G.  Lunter, S. I.  Nikitina, G. T.  Petrovski?, “Large disk-shaped active elements made from neodymium phosphate glass elements made from neodymium phosphate glass,” Opt. Zh. 70, No. 5, 68 (2003) [J. Opt. Technol. 70, 361 (2003)].
  10. V. I.  Arbuzov, P. E.  Gusev, K. V.  Dukel’ski?, V. E.  Ter-Nersesyants, Yu. K.  Fedorov, A. V.  Shashkin, “Problem of inactive absorption at the lasing wavelength in neodymium phosphate glasses for the active elements of powerful high-energy lasers,” in Powerful Lasers and Studies of the Physics of High Energy Densities (RFYaTs-VNIIÉF, Sarov, 2008), pp. 69–74.

2003 (1)

V. I.  Arbuzov, V. M.  Volynkin, S. G.  Lunter, S. I.  Nikitina, G. T.  Petrovski?, “Large disk-shaped active elements made from neodymium phosphate glass elements made from neodymium phosphate glass,” Opt. Zh. 70, No. 5, 68 (2003) [J. Opt. Technol. 70, 361 (2003)].

2002 (1)

V. I.  Arbuzov, A. V.  Charukhchev, Yu. K.  Fyodorov, “Neodymium phosphate glasses for high-energy and high-peak-power lasers,” Glastech. Ber. Glass Sci. Technol. No. 2, 209 (2002).

2000 (1)

J. H.  Campbell T. I.  Suratwala, “Nd-doped phosphate glasses for high-energy/high-peak-power lasers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263, 318 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

J. H.  Campbell, M. J.  McLean, R.  Hawley-Fedder, T.  Saratwala, G.  Ficini-Dorn, J. H.  Trombert, “Development of continuous glass melting for production of Nd-doped phosphate glasses for the NIF and LMJ laser systems,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 778 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

Sh.  Jiang, T.  Luo, M.  Myers, J.  Myers, J.  Lucas, N.  Peyghambarian, “Phosphate glasses for high-average-power lasers,” Proc. SPIE 3280, 2 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

V. I.  Bayanov, E. G.  Bordachev, V. I.  Kryzhanovski?, V. A.  Serebryakov, O. S.  Shchavelev, A. V.  Charukhchev, V. E.  Yashin, “Rod amplifiers based on neodymium phosphate glass 60 mm in diameter with high gain,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 310 (1984) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 213 (1984)].

1983 (1)

J. L.  Emmet, U. F.  Krupke, J. B.  Trenholme, “Future powerful solid-state laser systems,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 5 (1983) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 1 (1983)].

1981 (1)

W. E.  Martin, J. B.  Trenholme, S. M.  Yarema, C. A.  Hurley, “Solid-state disk amplifier for fusion-laser system,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1744 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Arbuzov, V. I.

V. I.  Arbuzov, V. M.  Volynkin, S. G.  Lunter, S. I.  Nikitina, G. T.  Petrovski?, “Large disk-shaped active elements made from neodymium phosphate glass elements made from neodymium phosphate glass,” Opt. Zh. 70, No. 5, 68 (2003) [J. Opt. Technol. 70, 361 (2003)].

V. I.  Arbuzov, A. V.  Charukhchev, Yu. K.  Fyodorov, “Neodymium phosphate glasses for high-energy and high-peak-power lasers,” Glastech. Ber. Glass Sci. Technol. No. 2, 209 (2002).

V. I.  Arbuzov, P. E.  Gusev, K. V.  Dukel’ski?, V. E.  Ter-Nersesyants, Yu. K.  Fedorov, A. V.  Shashkin, “Problem of inactive absorption at the lasing wavelength in neodymium phosphate glasses for the active elements of powerful high-energy lasers,” in Powerful Lasers and Studies of the Physics of High Energy Densities (RFYaTs-VNIIÉF, Sarov, 2008), pp. 69–74.

Bayanov, V. I.

V. I.  Bayanov, E. G.  Bordachev, V. I.  Kryzhanovski?, V. A.  Serebryakov, O. S.  Shchavelev, A. V.  Charukhchev, V. E.  Yashin, “Rod amplifiers based on neodymium phosphate glass 60 mm in diameter with high gain,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 310 (1984) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 213 (1984)].

Bordachev, E. G.

V. I.  Bayanov, E. G.  Bordachev, V. I.  Kryzhanovski?, V. A.  Serebryakov, O. S.  Shchavelev, A. V.  Charukhchev, V. E.  Yashin, “Rod amplifiers based on neodymium phosphate glass 60 mm in diameter with high gain,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 310 (1984) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 213 (1984)].

Campbell, J. H.

J. H.  Campbell T. I.  Suratwala, “Nd-doped phosphate glasses for high-energy/high-peak-power lasers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263, 318 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. H.  Campbell, M. J.  McLean, R.  Hawley-Fedder, T.  Saratwala, G.  Ficini-Dorn, J. H.  Trombert, “Development of continuous glass melting for production of Nd-doped phosphate glasses for the NIF and LMJ laser systems,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 778 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Charukhchev, A. V.

V. I.  Arbuzov, A. V.  Charukhchev, Yu. K.  Fyodorov, “Neodymium phosphate glasses for high-energy and high-peak-power lasers,” Glastech. Ber. Glass Sci. Technol. No. 2, 209 (2002).

V. I.  Bayanov, E. G.  Bordachev, V. I.  Kryzhanovski?, V. A.  Serebryakov, O. S.  Shchavelev, A. V.  Charukhchev, V. E.  Yashin, “Rod amplifiers based on neodymium phosphate glass 60 mm in diameter with high gain,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 310 (1984) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 213 (1984)].

S. G.  Lunter, A. A.  Mak, A. D.  Starikov, Yu. K.  Fedorov, A. V.  Charukhchev, V. N.  Chernov, “Six-beam laser apparatus based on Progress M neodymium glass with power 3 TW,” in Abstracts of the Fourteenth International Conference KiNO-91, 1991, vol. 1, p. 16.

Chernov, V. N.

S. G.  Lunter, A. A.  Mak, A. D.  Starikov, Yu. K.  Fedorov, A. V.  Charukhchev, V. N.  Chernov, “Six-beam laser apparatus based on Progress M neodymium glass with power 3 TW,” in Abstracts of the Fourteenth International Conference KiNO-91, 1991, vol. 1, p. 16.

Dukel’skii, K. V.

V. I.  Arbuzov, P. E.  Gusev, K. V.  Dukel’ski?, V. E.  Ter-Nersesyants, Yu. K.  Fedorov, A. V.  Shashkin, “Problem of inactive absorption at the lasing wavelength in neodymium phosphate glasses for the active elements of powerful high-energy lasers,” in Powerful Lasers and Studies of the Physics of High Energy Densities (RFYaTs-VNIIÉF, Sarov, 2008), pp. 69–74.

Emmet, J. L.

J. L.  Emmet, U. F.  Krupke, J. B.  Trenholme, “Future powerful solid-state laser systems,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 5 (1983) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 1 (1983)].

Fedorov, Yu. K.

S. G.  Lunter, A. A.  Mak, A. D.  Starikov, Yu. K.  Fedorov, A. V.  Charukhchev, V. N.  Chernov, “Six-beam laser apparatus based on Progress M neodymium glass with power 3 TW,” in Abstracts of the Fourteenth International Conference KiNO-91, 1991, vol. 1, p. 16.

V. I.  Arbuzov, P. E.  Gusev, K. V.  Dukel’ski?, V. E.  Ter-Nersesyants, Yu. K.  Fedorov, A. V.  Shashkin, “Problem of inactive absorption at the lasing wavelength in neodymium phosphate glasses for the active elements of powerful high-energy lasers,” in Powerful Lasers and Studies of the Physics of High Energy Densities (RFYaTs-VNIIÉF, Sarov, 2008), pp. 69–74.

Ficini-Dorn, G.

J. H.  Campbell, M. J.  McLean, R.  Hawley-Fedder, T.  Saratwala, G.  Ficini-Dorn, J. H.  Trombert, “Development of continuous glass melting for production of Nd-doped phosphate glasses for the NIF and LMJ laser systems,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 778 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fyodorov, Yu. K.

V. I.  Arbuzov, A. V.  Charukhchev, Yu. K.  Fyodorov, “Neodymium phosphate glasses for high-energy and high-peak-power lasers,” Glastech. Ber. Glass Sci. Technol. No. 2, 209 (2002).

Gusev, P. E.

V. I.  Arbuzov, P. E.  Gusev, K. V.  Dukel’ski?, V. E.  Ter-Nersesyants, Yu. K.  Fedorov, A. V.  Shashkin, “Problem of inactive absorption at the lasing wavelength in neodymium phosphate glasses for the active elements of powerful high-energy lasers,” in Powerful Lasers and Studies of the Physics of High Energy Densities (RFYaTs-VNIIÉF, Sarov, 2008), pp. 69–74.

Hawley-Fedder, R.

J. H.  Campbell, M. J.  McLean, R.  Hawley-Fedder, T.  Saratwala, G.  Ficini-Dorn, J. H.  Trombert, “Development of continuous glass melting for production of Nd-doped phosphate glasses for the NIF and LMJ laser systems,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 778 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hurley, C. A.

W. E.  Martin, J. B.  Trenholme, S. M.  Yarema, C. A.  Hurley, “Solid-state disk amplifier for fusion-laser system,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1744 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Sh.

Sh.  Jiang, T.  Luo, M.  Myers, J.  Myers, J.  Lucas, N.  Peyghambarian, “Phosphate glasses for high-average-power lasers,” Proc. SPIE 3280, 2 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, U. F.

J. L.  Emmet, U. F.  Krupke, J. B.  Trenholme, “Future powerful solid-state laser systems,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 5 (1983) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 1 (1983)].

Kryzhanovskii, V. I.

V. I.  Bayanov, E. G.  Bordachev, V. I.  Kryzhanovski?, V. A.  Serebryakov, O. S.  Shchavelev, A. V.  Charukhchev, V. E.  Yashin, “Rod amplifiers based on neodymium phosphate glass 60 mm in diameter with high gain,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 310 (1984) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 213 (1984)].

Lucas, J.

Sh.  Jiang, T.  Luo, M.  Myers, J.  Myers, J.  Lucas, N.  Peyghambarian, “Phosphate glasses for high-average-power lasers,” Proc. SPIE 3280, 2 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lunter, S. G.

V. I.  Arbuzov, V. M.  Volynkin, S. G.  Lunter, S. I.  Nikitina, G. T.  Petrovski?, “Large disk-shaped active elements made from neodymium phosphate glass elements made from neodymium phosphate glass,” Opt. Zh. 70, No. 5, 68 (2003) [J. Opt. Technol. 70, 361 (2003)].

S. G.  Lunter, A. A.  Mak, A. D.  Starikov, Yu. K.  Fedorov, A. V.  Charukhchev, V. N.  Chernov, “Six-beam laser apparatus based on Progress M neodymium glass with power 3 TW,” in Abstracts of the Fourteenth International Conference KiNO-91, 1991, vol. 1, p. 16.

Luo, T.

Sh.  Jiang, T.  Luo, M.  Myers, J.  Myers, J.  Lucas, N.  Peyghambarian, “Phosphate glasses for high-average-power lasers,” Proc. SPIE 3280, 2 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mak, A. A.

S. G.  Lunter, A. A.  Mak, A. D.  Starikov, Yu. K.  Fedorov, A. V.  Charukhchev, V. N.  Chernov, “Six-beam laser apparatus based on Progress M neodymium glass with power 3 TW,” in Abstracts of the Fourteenth International Conference KiNO-91, 1991, vol. 1, p. 16.

Martin, W. E.

W. E.  Martin, J. B.  Trenholme, S. M.  Yarema, C. A.  Hurley, “Solid-state disk amplifier for fusion-laser system,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1744 (1981).
[CrossRef]

McLean, M. J.

J. H.  Campbell, M. J.  McLean, R.  Hawley-Fedder, T.  Saratwala, G.  Ficini-Dorn, J. H.  Trombert, “Development of continuous glass melting for production of Nd-doped phosphate glasses for the NIF and LMJ laser systems,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 778 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Myers, J.

Sh.  Jiang, T.  Luo, M.  Myers, J.  Myers, J.  Lucas, N.  Peyghambarian, “Phosphate glasses for high-average-power lasers,” Proc. SPIE 3280, 2 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Myers, M.

Sh.  Jiang, T.  Luo, M.  Myers, J.  Myers, J.  Lucas, N.  Peyghambarian, “Phosphate glasses for high-average-power lasers,” Proc. SPIE 3280, 2 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nikitina, S. I.

V. I.  Arbuzov, V. M.  Volynkin, S. G.  Lunter, S. I.  Nikitina, G. T.  Petrovski?, “Large disk-shaped active elements made from neodymium phosphate glass elements made from neodymium phosphate glass,” Opt. Zh. 70, No. 5, 68 (2003) [J. Opt. Technol. 70, 361 (2003)].

Petrovskii, G. T.

V. I.  Arbuzov, V. M.  Volynkin, S. G.  Lunter, S. I.  Nikitina, G. T.  Petrovski?, “Large disk-shaped active elements made from neodymium phosphate glass elements made from neodymium phosphate glass,” Opt. Zh. 70, No. 5, 68 (2003) [J. Opt. Technol. 70, 361 (2003)].

Peyghambarian, N.

Sh.  Jiang, T.  Luo, M.  Myers, J.  Myers, J.  Lucas, N.  Peyghambarian, “Phosphate glasses for high-average-power lasers,” Proc. SPIE 3280, 2 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Saratwala, T.

J. H.  Campbell, M. J.  McLean, R.  Hawley-Fedder, T.  Saratwala, G.  Ficini-Dorn, J. H.  Trombert, “Development of continuous glass melting for production of Nd-doped phosphate glasses for the NIF and LMJ laser systems,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 778 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Serebryakov, V. A.

V. I.  Bayanov, E. G.  Bordachev, V. I.  Kryzhanovski?, V. A.  Serebryakov, O. S.  Shchavelev, A. V.  Charukhchev, V. E.  Yashin, “Rod amplifiers based on neodymium phosphate glass 60 mm in diameter with high gain,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 310 (1984) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 213 (1984)].

Shashkin, A. V.

V. I.  Arbuzov, P. E.  Gusev, K. V.  Dukel’ski?, V. E.  Ter-Nersesyants, Yu. K.  Fedorov, A. V.  Shashkin, “Problem of inactive absorption at the lasing wavelength in neodymium phosphate glasses for the active elements of powerful high-energy lasers,” in Powerful Lasers and Studies of the Physics of High Energy Densities (RFYaTs-VNIIÉF, Sarov, 2008), pp. 69–74.

Shchavelev, O. S.

V. I.  Bayanov, E. G.  Bordachev, V. I.  Kryzhanovski?, V. A.  Serebryakov, O. S.  Shchavelev, A. V.  Charukhchev, V. E.  Yashin, “Rod amplifiers based on neodymium phosphate glass 60 mm in diameter with high gain,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 310 (1984) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 213 (1984)].

Starikov, A. D.

S. G.  Lunter, A. A.  Mak, A. D.  Starikov, Yu. K.  Fedorov, A. V.  Charukhchev, V. N.  Chernov, “Six-beam laser apparatus based on Progress M neodymium glass with power 3 TW,” in Abstracts of the Fourteenth International Conference KiNO-91, 1991, vol. 1, p. 16.

Suratwala, T. I.

J. H.  Campbell T. I.  Suratwala, “Nd-doped phosphate glasses for high-energy/high-peak-power lasers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263, 318 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ter-Nersesyants, V. E.

V. I.  Arbuzov, P. E.  Gusev, K. V.  Dukel’ski?, V. E.  Ter-Nersesyants, Yu. K.  Fedorov, A. V.  Shashkin, “Problem of inactive absorption at the lasing wavelength in neodymium phosphate glasses for the active elements of powerful high-energy lasers,” in Powerful Lasers and Studies of the Physics of High Energy Densities (RFYaTs-VNIIÉF, Sarov, 2008), pp. 69–74.

Trenholme, J. B.

J. L.  Emmet, U. F.  Krupke, J. B.  Trenholme, “Future powerful solid-state laser systems,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 5 (1983) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 1 (1983)].

W. E.  Martin, J. B.  Trenholme, S. M.  Yarema, C. A.  Hurley, “Solid-state disk amplifier for fusion-laser system,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1744 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Trombert, J. H.

J. H.  Campbell, M. J.  McLean, R.  Hawley-Fedder, T.  Saratwala, G.  Ficini-Dorn, J. H.  Trombert, “Development of continuous glass melting for production of Nd-doped phosphate glasses for the NIF and LMJ laser systems,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 778 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Volynkin, V. M.

V. I.  Arbuzov, V. M.  Volynkin, S. G.  Lunter, S. I.  Nikitina, G. T.  Petrovski?, “Large disk-shaped active elements made from neodymium phosphate glass elements made from neodymium phosphate glass,” Opt. Zh. 70, No. 5, 68 (2003) [J. Opt. Technol. 70, 361 (2003)].

Yarema, S. M.

W. E.  Martin, J. B.  Trenholme, S. M.  Yarema, C. A.  Hurley, “Solid-state disk amplifier for fusion-laser system,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1744 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Yashin, V. E.

V. I.  Bayanov, E. G.  Bordachev, V. I.  Kryzhanovski?, V. A.  Serebryakov, O. S.  Shchavelev, A. V.  Charukhchev, V. E.  Yashin, “Rod amplifiers based on neodymium phosphate glass 60 mm in diameter with high gain,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 310 (1984) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 213 (1984)].

Glastech. Ber. Glass Sci. Technol. (1)

V. I.  Arbuzov, A. V.  Charukhchev, Yu. K.  Fyodorov, “Neodymium phosphate glasses for high-energy and high-peak-power lasers,” Glastech. Ber. Glass Sci. Technol. No. 2, 209 (2002).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

W. E.  Martin, J. B.  Trenholme, S. M.  Yarema, C. A.  Hurley, “Solid-state disk amplifier for fusion-laser system,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1744 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

J. H.  Campbell T. I.  Suratwala, “Nd-doped phosphate glasses for high-energy/high-peak-power lasers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263, 318 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) (2)

J. L.  Emmet, U. F.  Krupke, J. B.  Trenholme, “Future powerful solid-state laser systems,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 5 (1983) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 1 (1983)].

V. I.  Bayanov, E. G.  Bordachev, V. I.  Kryzhanovski?, V. A.  Serebryakov, O. S.  Shchavelev, A. V.  Charukhchev, V. E.  Yashin, “Rod amplifiers based on neodymium phosphate glass 60 mm in diameter with high gain,” Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 310 (1984) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 213 (1984)].

Opt. Zh. (1)

V. I.  Arbuzov, V. M.  Volynkin, S. G.  Lunter, S. I.  Nikitina, G. T.  Petrovski?, “Large disk-shaped active elements made from neodymium phosphate glass elements made from neodymium phosphate glass,” Opt. Zh. 70, No. 5, 68 (2003) [J. Opt. Technol. 70, 361 (2003)].

Proc. SPIE (2)

Sh.  Jiang, T.  Luo, M.  Myers, J.  Myers, J.  Lucas, N.  Peyghambarian, “Phosphate glasses for high-average-power lasers,” Proc. SPIE 3280, 2 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. H.  Campbell, M. J.  McLean, R.  Hawley-Fedder, T.  Saratwala, G.  Ficini-Dorn, J. H.  Trombert, “Development of continuous glass melting for production of Nd-doped phosphate glasses for the NIF and LMJ laser systems,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 778 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

V. I.  Arbuzov, P. E.  Gusev, K. V.  Dukel’ski?, V. E.  Ter-Nersesyants, Yu. K.  Fedorov, A. V.  Shashkin, “Problem of inactive absorption at the lasing wavelength in neodymium phosphate glasses for the active elements of powerful high-energy lasers,” in Powerful Lasers and Studies of the Physics of High Energy Densities (RFYaTs-VNIIÉF, Sarov, 2008), pp. 69–74.

S. G.  Lunter, A. A.  Mak, A. D.  Starikov, Yu. K.  Fedorov, A. V.  Charukhchev, V. N.  Chernov, “Six-beam laser apparatus based on Progress M neodymium glass with power 3 TW,” in Abstracts of the Fourteenth International Conference KiNO-91, 1991, vol. 1, p. 16.

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