Abstract

Transparent homogeneous polymeric composite media have been obtained and investigated that contain up to 14 wt. % of ZnO nanoparticles. It has been established that the physical properties of the material, such as light scattering, Brinell hardness, and moisture absorption, vary nonmonotonically as the concentration of nanoparticles increases as a result of the modification of the internal structure of the nanocomposites. The nanocomposite structure has been investigated by the methods of IR spectroscopy and atomic-force microscopy. By comparison with the unmodified polymeric matrix, the hardness is not degraded, while the light scattering and moisture absorption are reduced. Because the active groups of one of the monomers (the carboxyl groups) interact with the surface of the nanoparticles, the latter are uniformly distributed over the entire volume of the material, and this forms an optically homogeneous nanocomposite medium. The ZnO nanoparticles are photocatalysts and centers of the polymerization process.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  27. A. Kh. Kuptsov and G. N. Zhizhin, Fourier Raman-Scattering Spectra and Infrared Absorption of Polymers (Fizmatlit, Moscow, 2001).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2012

I. Yu. Denisyuk, N. D. Vorzobova, N. O. Sobeshuk, and J. E. Burunkova, “Subwavelength microstructures fabrication by self-organization processes in photopolymerizable nanocomposite,” J. Nanomater. 2012, 11 (2012), Special issue on Nanocrystals-Related Synthesis, Assembly, and Energy Applications.
[CrossRef]

2011

J. A. Burunkova, I. Yu. Denisyuk, N. N. Arefeva, and S. A. Semina, “Influence of SiO2 nanoaddition on the self organization via UV-polymerization of acrylate nanocomposites,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 536, 10 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

T. R. Williams, I. Yu. Denisyuk, and J. E. Burunkova, “Filled polymers with high nanoparticles concentration—synthesis, optical and rheological proprieties,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 116, 1857 (2010).

2009

X. Fang, Y. Bando, and U. K. Gautam, “ZnO and ZnS nanostructures: ultraviolet-light emitters, lasers, and sensors,” Crit. Rev. Solid State Mater. Sci. 34, Nos. 3–4, 190 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

P. Liu and T. Wang, “Poly(hydroethyl acrylate) grafted from ZnO nanoparticles via surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 8, No. 1, 66 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Fokina, I. Yu. Denisyuk, Yu. É. Burunkova, and L. N. Kaporskiĭ, “The formation of microstructures as a result of the self-focusing of light in a photopolymer nanocomposite,” Opt. Zh. 75, No. 10, 66 (2008) [J. Opt. Technol. 75, 658 (2008)].
[CrossRef]

I. Yu. Denisyuk, T. R. Williams, and J. E. Burunkova, “Hybrid optical material with nanoparticles at high concentrations in UV-curable polymers—technology and properties,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 497, 142 (2008).

J. Bai, Y. Li, C. Zhang, X. Liang, and Q. Yang, “Preparing AgBr nanoparticles in poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP) nanofibers,” Colloids Surf., A 329, 165 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

M. R. Vaezi and S. K. Sadrnezhaad, “Nanopowder synthesis of zinc oxide via solochemical processing,” Mater. Des. 28, 515 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

Y. Li, G. Li, and Q. Yin, “Preparation of ZnO varistors by solution nano-coating technique,” Mater. Sci. Eng., B 130, 264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Height, S. E. Pratsinis, O. Mekasuwandumrong, and P. Praserthdam, “Ag-ZnO catalysts for UV-photodegradation of methylene blue,” Appl. Catal., B 63, 305 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Jiguet, A. Bertsch, M. Judelewicz, H. Hofmann, and P. Renaud, “SU-8 nanocomposite photoresist with low stress properties for microfabrication applications,” Microelectron. Eng. 83, 1966 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

S. C. Liufu, H. N. Xiao, and Y. P. Li, “Thermal analysis and degradation mechanism of polyacrylate/ZnO nanocomposites,” Polym. Degrad. Stab. 87, 103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Lu, Y. Zhao, and C. Wang, “Fabrication of PbS nanoparticles in polymer-fiber matrices by electrospinning,” Adv. Mater. 17, 2485(2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Lu, Y. Zhao, C. Wang, and Y. Wei, “Fabrication of CdS nanorods in PVP fiber matrices by electrospinning,” Macromol. Rapid Commun. 26, 1325 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Z. Y. Fan and J. G. Lu, “Zinc oxide nanostructures: synthesis and properties,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 5, 1561 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

S. C. Pillai, J. M. Kelly, D. E. McCormack, and R. Ramesh, “Self-assembled arrays of ZnO nanoparticles and their application as varistor materials,” J. Mater. Chem. 14, 1572 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Guedri-Knani, J. L. Gardette, M. Jacquet, and A. Rivaton, “Photoprotection of poly(ethylene-naphthalate) by zinc oxide coating,” Surf. Coat. Technol. 180–181, 71 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Dong and X. Ni, “The photopolymerization and characterization of methylmethacrylate initiated by nanosized titanium dioxide,” J. Macromol. Sci., Pure Appl. Chem. 41, 547 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001

A. S. Pomogailo, A. S. Rozenberg, G. I. Dzhardimalieva, and M. Leonowicz, “Polymer nanocomposites on the base of metal carboxylates,” Adv. Mater. Sci. 1, No. 1, 19 (2001).

2000

S.-Y. Chu, T.-M. Yan, and S.-L. Chen, “Analysis of ZnO varistors prepared by the sol–gel method,” Ceram. Int. 26, 733 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Spanier and I. P. Herman, “Use of hybrid phenomenological and statistical effective-medium theories of dielectric functions to model the infrared reflectance of porous SiC films,” Phys. Rev. B 61, 10437 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

D. Beydoun, R. Amal, G. Low, and S. McEvoy, “Role of nanoparticles in photocatalysis,” J. Nanopart. Res. 1, 439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

A. S. Rosenberg, G. I. Dzhardimalieva, and A. D. Pomogailo, “Polymer composites of nano-sized particles isolated in matrix,” Polym. Adv. Technol. 9, 527 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995

A. Hagfeldt and M. Graetzel, “Light-induced redox reactions in nanocrystalline systems,” Chem. Rev. No. 1, 49 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

G. Westin, A. Ekstrand, M. Nygren, R. O. Sterlund, and P. Merkelbach, “Preparation of ZnO-based varistors by the sol–gel technique,” J. Mater. Chem. 4, 615 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Amal, R.

D. Beydoun, R. Amal, G. Low, and S. McEvoy, “Role of nanoparticles in photocatalysis,” J. Nanopart. Res. 1, 439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Arefeva, N. N.

J. A. Burunkova, I. Yu. Denisyuk, N. N. Arefeva, and S. A. Semina, “Influence of SiO2 nanoaddition on the self organization via UV-polymerization of acrylate nanocomposites,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 536, 10 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bai, J.

J. Bai, Y. Li, C. Zhang, X. Liang, and Q. Yang, “Preparing AgBr nanoparticles in poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP) nanofibers,” Colloids Surf., A 329, 165 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bando, Y.

X. Fang, Y. Bando, and U. K. Gautam, “ZnO and ZnS nanostructures: ultraviolet-light emitters, lasers, and sensors,” Crit. Rev. Solid State Mater. Sci. 34, Nos. 3–4, 190 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bassler, G. C.

R. M. Silverstein, G. C. Bassler, and T. C. Morrill, Spectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1981).

Bertsch, A.

S. Jiguet, A. Bertsch, M. Judelewicz, H. Hofmann, and P. Renaud, “SU-8 nanocomposite photoresist with low stress properties for microfabrication applications,” Microelectron. Eng. 83, 1966 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Beydoun, D.

D. Beydoun, R. Amal, G. Low, and S. McEvoy, “Role of nanoparticles in photocatalysis,” J. Nanopart. Res. 1, 439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Burunkova, J. A.

J. A. Burunkova, I. Yu. Denisyuk, N. N. Arefeva, and S. A. Semina, “Influence of SiO2 nanoaddition on the self organization via UV-polymerization of acrylate nanocomposites,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 536, 10 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Burunkova, J. E.

I. Yu. Denisyuk, N. D. Vorzobova, N. O. Sobeshuk, and J. E. Burunkova, “Subwavelength microstructures fabrication by self-organization processes in photopolymerizable nanocomposite,” J. Nanomater. 2012, 11 (2012), Special issue on Nanocrystals-Related Synthesis, Assembly, and Energy Applications.
[CrossRef]

T. R. Williams, I. Yu. Denisyuk, and J. E. Burunkova, “Filled polymers with high nanoparticles concentration—synthesis, optical and rheological proprieties,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 116, 1857 (2010).

I. Yu. Denisyuk, T. R. Williams, and J. E. Burunkova, “Hybrid optical material with nanoparticles at high concentrations in UV-curable polymers—technology and properties,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 497, 142 (2008).

Burunkova, Yu. É.

M. I. Fokina, I. Yu. Denisyuk, Yu. É. Burunkova, and L. N. Kaporskiĭ, “The formation of microstructures as a result of the self-focusing of light in a photopolymer nanocomposite,” Opt. Zh. 75, No. 10, 66 (2008) [J. Opt. Technol. 75, 658 (2008)].
[CrossRef]

Chen, S.-L.

S.-Y. Chu, T.-M. Yan, and S.-L. Chen, “Analysis of ZnO varistors prepared by the sol–gel method,” Ceram. Int. 26, 733 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S.-Y.

S.-Y. Chu, T.-M. Yan, and S.-L. Chen, “Analysis of ZnO varistors prepared by the sol–gel method,” Ceram. Int. 26, 733 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Denisyuk, I. Yu.

I. Yu. Denisyuk, N. D. Vorzobova, N. O. Sobeshuk, and J. E. Burunkova, “Subwavelength microstructures fabrication by self-organization processes in photopolymerizable nanocomposite,” J. Nanomater. 2012, 11 (2012), Special issue on Nanocrystals-Related Synthesis, Assembly, and Energy Applications.
[CrossRef]

J. A. Burunkova, I. Yu. Denisyuk, N. N. Arefeva, and S. A. Semina, “Influence of SiO2 nanoaddition on the self organization via UV-polymerization of acrylate nanocomposites,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 536, 10 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Williams, I. Yu. Denisyuk, and J. E. Burunkova, “Filled polymers with high nanoparticles concentration—synthesis, optical and rheological proprieties,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 116, 1857 (2010).

I. Yu. Denisyuk, T. R. Williams, and J. E. Burunkova, “Hybrid optical material with nanoparticles at high concentrations in UV-curable polymers—technology and properties,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 497, 142 (2008).

M. I. Fokina, I. Yu. Denisyuk, Yu. É. Burunkova, and L. N. Kaporskiĭ, “The formation of microstructures as a result of the self-focusing of light in a photopolymer nanocomposite,” Opt. Zh. 75, No. 10, 66 (2008) [J. Opt. Technol. 75, 658 (2008)].
[CrossRef]

Dong, C.

C. Dong and X. Ni, “The photopolymerization and characterization of methylmethacrylate initiated by nanosized titanium dioxide,” J. Macromol. Sci., Pure Appl. Chem. 41, 547 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dzhardimalieva, G. I.

A. S. Pomogailo, A. S. Rozenberg, G. I. Dzhardimalieva, and M. Leonowicz, “Polymer nanocomposites on the base of metal carboxylates,” Adv. Mater. Sci. 1, No. 1, 19 (2001).

A. S. Rosenberg, G. I. Dzhardimalieva, and A. D. Pomogailo, “Polymer composites of nano-sized particles isolated in matrix,” Polym. Adv. Technol. 9, 527 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ekstrand, A.

G. Westin, A. Ekstrand, M. Nygren, R. O. Sterlund, and P. Merkelbach, “Preparation of ZnO-based varistors by the sol–gel technique,” J. Mater. Chem. 4, 615 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fan, Z. Y.

Z. Y. Fan and J. G. Lu, “Zinc oxide nanostructures: synthesis and properties,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 5, 1561 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fang, X.

X. Fang, Y. Bando, and U. K. Gautam, “ZnO and ZnS nanostructures: ultraviolet-light emitters, lasers, and sensors,” Crit. Rev. Solid State Mater. Sci. 34, Nos. 3–4, 190 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fokina, M. I.

M. I. Fokina, I. Yu. Denisyuk, Yu. É. Burunkova, and L. N. Kaporskiĭ, “The formation of microstructures as a result of the self-focusing of light in a photopolymer nanocomposite,” Opt. Zh. 75, No. 10, 66 (2008) [J. Opt. Technol. 75, 658 (2008)].
[CrossRef]

Gardette, J. L.

L. Guedri-Knani, J. L. Gardette, M. Jacquet, and A. Rivaton, “Photoprotection of poly(ethylene-naphthalate) by zinc oxide coating,” Surf. Coat. Technol. 180–181, 71 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gautam, U. K.

X. Fang, Y. Bando, and U. K. Gautam, “ZnO and ZnS nanostructures: ultraviolet-light emitters, lasers, and sensors,” Crit. Rev. Solid State Mater. Sci. 34, Nos. 3–4, 190 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Graetzel, M.

A. Hagfeldt and M. Graetzel, “Light-induced redox reactions in nanocrystalline systems,” Chem. Rev. No. 1, 49 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Guedri-Knani, L.

L. Guedri-Knani, J. L. Gardette, M. Jacquet, and A. Rivaton, “Photoprotection of poly(ethylene-naphthalate) by zinc oxide coating,” Surf. Coat. Technol. 180–181, 71 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hagfeldt, A.

A. Hagfeldt and M. Graetzel, “Light-induced redox reactions in nanocrystalline systems,” Chem. Rev. No. 1, 49 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Height, M. J.

M. J. Height, S. E. Pratsinis, O. Mekasuwandumrong, and P. Praserthdam, “Ag-ZnO catalysts for UV-photodegradation of methylene blue,” Appl. Catal., B 63, 305 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Herman, I. P.

J. E. Spanier and I. P. Herman, “Use of hybrid phenomenological and statistical effective-medium theories of dielectric functions to model the infrared reflectance of porous SiC films,” Phys. Rev. B 61, 10437 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hofmann, H.

S. Jiguet, A. Bertsch, M. Judelewicz, H. Hofmann, and P. Renaud, “SU-8 nanocomposite photoresist with low stress properties for microfabrication applications,” Microelectron. Eng. 83, 1966 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jacquet, M.

L. Guedri-Knani, J. L. Gardette, M. Jacquet, and A. Rivaton, “Photoprotection of poly(ethylene-naphthalate) by zinc oxide coating,” Surf. Coat. Technol. 180–181, 71 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jiguet, S.

S. Jiguet, A. Bertsch, M. Judelewicz, H. Hofmann, and P. Renaud, “SU-8 nanocomposite photoresist with low stress properties for microfabrication applications,” Microelectron. Eng. 83, 1966 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Judelewicz, M.

S. Jiguet, A. Bertsch, M. Judelewicz, H. Hofmann, and P. Renaud, “SU-8 nanocomposite photoresist with low stress properties for microfabrication applications,” Microelectron. Eng. 83, 1966 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kaporskii, L. N.

M. I. Fokina, I. Yu. Denisyuk, Yu. É. Burunkova, and L. N. Kaporskiĭ, “The formation of microstructures as a result of the self-focusing of light in a photopolymer nanocomposite,” Opt. Zh. 75, No. 10, 66 (2008) [J. Opt. Technol. 75, 658 (2008)].
[CrossRef]

Kelly, J. M.

S. C. Pillai, J. M. Kelly, D. E. McCormack, and R. Ramesh, “Self-assembled arrays of ZnO nanoparticles and their application as varistor materials,” J. Mater. Chem. 14, 1572 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kuptsov, A. Kh.

A. Kh. Kuptsov and G. N. Zhizhin, Fourier Raman-Scattering Spectra and Infrared Absorption of Polymers (Fizmatlit, Moscow, 2001).

Leonowicz, M.

A. S. Pomogailo, A. S. Rozenberg, G. I. Dzhardimalieva, and M. Leonowicz, “Polymer nanocomposites on the base of metal carboxylates,” Adv. Mater. Sci. 1, No. 1, 19 (2001).

Li, G.

Y. Li, G. Li, and Q. Yin, “Preparation of ZnO varistors by solution nano-coating technique,” Mater. Sci. Eng., B 130, 264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

J. Bai, Y. Li, C. Zhang, X. Liang, and Q. Yang, “Preparing AgBr nanoparticles in poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP) nanofibers,” Colloids Surf., A 329, 165 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, G. Li, and Q. Yin, “Preparation of ZnO varistors by solution nano-coating technique,” Mater. Sci. Eng., B 130, 264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y. P.

S. C. Liufu, H. N. Xiao, and Y. P. Li, “Thermal analysis and degradation mechanism of polyacrylate/ZnO nanocomposites,” Polym. Degrad. Stab. 87, 103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liang, X.

J. Bai, Y. Li, C. Zhang, X. Liang, and Q. Yang, “Preparing AgBr nanoparticles in poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP) nanofibers,” Colloids Surf., A 329, 165 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, P.

P. Liu and T. Wang, “Poly(hydroethyl acrylate) grafted from ZnO nanoparticles via surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 8, No. 1, 66 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liufu, S. C.

S. C. Liufu, H. N. Xiao, and Y. P. Li, “Thermal analysis and degradation mechanism of polyacrylate/ZnO nanocomposites,” Polym. Degrad. Stab. 87, 103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Low, G.

D. Beydoun, R. Amal, G. Low, and S. McEvoy, “Role of nanoparticles in photocatalysis,” J. Nanopart. Res. 1, 439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lu, J. G.

Z. Y. Fan and J. G. Lu, “Zinc oxide nanostructures: synthesis and properties,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 5, 1561 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lu, X.

X. Lu, Y. Zhao, and C. Wang, “Fabrication of PbS nanoparticles in polymer-fiber matrices by electrospinning,” Adv. Mater. 17, 2485(2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Lu, Y. Zhao, C. Wang, and Y. Wei, “Fabrication of CdS nanorods in PVP fiber matrices by electrospinning,” Macromol. Rapid Commun. 26, 1325 (2005).
[CrossRef]

McCormack, D. E.

S. C. Pillai, J. M. Kelly, D. E. McCormack, and R. Ramesh, “Self-assembled arrays of ZnO nanoparticles and their application as varistor materials,” J. Mater. Chem. 14, 1572 (2004).
[CrossRef]

McEvoy, S.

D. Beydoun, R. Amal, G. Low, and S. McEvoy, “Role of nanoparticles in photocatalysis,” J. Nanopart. Res. 1, 439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mekasuwandumrong, O.

M. J. Height, S. E. Pratsinis, O. Mekasuwandumrong, and P. Praserthdam, “Ag-ZnO catalysts for UV-photodegradation of methylene blue,” Appl. Catal., B 63, 305 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Merkelbach, P.

G. Westin, A. Ekstrand, M. Nygren, R. O. Sterlund, and P. Merkelbach, “Preparation of ZnO-based varistors by the sol–gel technique,” J. Mater. Chem. 4, 615 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Morrill, T. C.

R. M. Silverstein, G. C. Bassler, and T. C. Morrill, Spectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1981).

Ni, X.

C. Dong and X. Ni, “The photopolymerization and characterization of methylmethacrylate initiated by nanosized titanium dioxide,” J. Macromol. Sci., Pure Appl. Chem. 41, 547 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nygren, M.

G. Westin, A. Ekstrand, M. Nygren, R. O. Sterlund, and P. Merkelbach, “Preparation of ZnO-based varistors by the sol–gel technique,” J. Mater. Chem. 4, 615 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Pillai, S. C.

S. C. Pillai, J. M. Kelly, D. E. McCormack, and R. Ramesh, “Self-assembled arrays of ZnO nanoparticles and their application as varistor materials,” J. Mater. Chem. 14, 1572 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pomogailo, A. D.

A. S. Rosenberg, G. I. Dzhardimalieva, and A. D. Pomogailo, “Polymer composites of nano-sized particles isolated in matrix,” Polym. Adv. Technol. 9, 527 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Pomogailo and V. S. Savost’yanov, Synthesis and Polymerization of Metal-Containing Monomers (CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla., 1994).

Pomogailo, A. S.

A. S. Pomogailo, A. S. Rozenberg, G. I. Dzhardimalieva, and M. Leonowicz, “Polymer nanocomposites on the base of metal carboxylates,” Adv. Mater. Sci. 1, No. 1, 19 (2001).

Praserthdam, P.

M. J. Height, S. E. Pratsinis, O. Mekasuwandumrong, and P. Praserthdam, “Ag-ZnO catalysts for UV-photodegradation of methylene blue,” Appl. Catal., B 63, 305 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pratsinis, S. E.

M. J. Height, S. E. Pratsinis, O. Mekasuwandumrong, and P. Praserthdam, “Ag-ZnO catalysts for UV-photodegradation of methylene blue,” Appl. Catal., B 63, 305 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ramesh, R.

S. C. Pillai, J. M. Kelly, D. E. McCormack, and R. Ramesh, “Self-assembled arrays of ZnO nanoparticles and their application as varistor materials,” J. Mater. Chem. 14, 1572 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Renaud, P.

S. Jiguet, A. Bertsch, M. Judelewicz, H. Hofmann, and P. Renaud, “SU-8 nanocomposite photoresist with low stress properties for microfabrication applications,” Microelectron. Eng. 83, 1966 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rivaton, A.

L. Guedri-Knani, J. L. Gardette, M. Jacquet, and A. Rivaton, “Photoprotection of poly(ethylene-naphthalate) by zinc oxide coating,” Surf. Coat. Technol. 180–181, 71 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rosenberg, A. S.

A. S. Rosenberg, G. I. Dzhardimalieva, and A. D. Pomogailo, “Polymer composites of nano-sized particles isolated in matrix,” Polym. Adv. Technol. 9, 527 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rozenberg, A. S.

A. S. Pomogailo, A. S. Rozenberg, G. I. Dzhardimalieva, and M. Leonowicz, “Polymer nanocomposites on the base of metal carboxylates,” Adv. Mater. Sci. 1, No. 1, 19 (2001).

Sadrnezhaad, S. K.

M. R. Vaezi and S. K. Sadrnezhaad, “Nanopowder synthesis of zinc oxide via solochemical processing,” Mater. Des. 28, 515 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Savost’yanov, V. S.

A. D. Pomogailo and V. S. Savost’yanov, Synthesis and Polymerization of Metal-Containing Monomers (CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla., 1994).

Semina, S. A.

J. A. Burunkova, I. Yu. Denisyuk, N. N. Arefeva, and S. A. Semina, “Influence of SiO2 nanoaddition on the self organization via UV-polymerization of acrylate nanocomposites,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 536, 10 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Silverstein, R. M.

R. M. Silverstein, G. C. Bassler, and T. C. Morrill, Spectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1981).

Sobeshuk, N. O.

I. Yu. Denisyuk, N. D. Vorzobova, N. O. Sobeshuk, and J. E. Burunkova, “Subwavelength microstructures fabrication by self-organization processes in photopolymerizable nanocomposite,” J. Nanomater. 2012, 11 (2012), Special issue on Nanocrystals-Related Synthesis, Assembly, and Energy Applications.
[CrossRef]

Spanier, J. E.

J. E. Spanier and I. P. Herman, “Use of hybrid phenomenological and statistical effective-medium theories of dielectric functions to model the infrared reflectance of porous SiC films,” Phys. Rev. B 61, 10437 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sterlund, R. O.

G. Westin, A. Ekstrand, M. Nygren, R. O. Sterlund, and P. Merkelbach, “Preparation of ZnO-based varistors by the sol–gel technique,” J. Mater. Chem. 4, 615 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Vaezi, M. R.

M. R. Vaezi and S. K. Sadrnezhaad, “Nanopowder synthesis of zinc oxide via solochemical processing,” Mater. Des. 28, 515 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vinogradov, A. P.

A. P. Vinogradov, Electrodynamics of Composite Materials (Editorial URSS, Moscow, 2001).

Vorzobova, N. D.

I. Yu. Denisyuk, N. D. Vorzobova, N. O. Sobeshuk, and J. E. Burunkova, “Subwavelength microstructures fabrication by self-organization processes in photopolymerizable nanocomposite,” J. Nanomater. 2012, 11 (2012), Special issue on Nanocrystals-Related Synthesis, Assembly, and Energy Applications.
[CrossRef]

Wang, C.

X. Lu, Y. Zhao, and C. Wang, “Fabrication of PbS nanoparticles in polymer-fiber matrices by electrospinning,” Adv. Mater. 17, 2485(2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Lu, Y. Zhao, C. Wang, and Y. Wei, “Fabrication of CdS nanorods in PVP fiber matrices by electrospinning,” Macromol. Rapid Commun. 26, 1325 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.

P. Liu and T. Wang, “Poly(hydroethyl acrylate) grafted from ZnO nanoparticles via surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 8, No. 1, 66 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Y.

X. Lu, Y. Zhao, C. Wang, and Y. Wei, “Fabrication of CdS nanorods in PVP fiber matrices by electrospinning,” Macromol. Rapid Commun. 26, 1325 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Westin, G.

G. Westin, A. Ekstrand, M. Nygren, R. O. Sterlund, and P. Merkelbach, “Preparation of ZnO-based varistors by the sol–gel technique,” J. Mater. Chem. 4, 615 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Williams, T. R.

T. R. Williams, I. Yu. Denisyuk, and J. E. Burunkova, “Filled polymers with high nanoparticles concentration—synthesis, optical and rheological proprieties,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 116, 1857 (2010).

I. Yu. Denisyuk, T. R. Williams, and J. E. Burunkova, “Hybrid optical material with nanoparticles at high concentrations in UV-curable polymers—technology and properties,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 497, 142 (2008).

Xiao, H. N.

S. C. Liufu, H. N. Xiao, and Y. P. Li, “Thermal analysis and degradation mechanism of polyacrylate/ZnO nanocomposites,” Polym. Degrad. Stab. 87, 103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yan, T.-M.

S.-Y. Chu, T.-M. Yan, and S.-L. Chen, “Analysis of ZnO varistors prepared by the sol–gel method,” Ceram. Int. 26, 733 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Q.

J. Bai, Y. Li, C. Zhang, X. Liang, and Q. Yang, “Preparing AgBr nanoparticles in poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP) nanofibers,” Colloids Surf., A 329, 165 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yin, Q.

Y. Li, G. Li, and Q. Yin, “Preparation of ZnO varistors by solution nano-coating technique,” Mater. Sci. Eng., B 130, 264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.

J. Bai, Y. Li, C. Zhang, X. Liang, and Q. Yang, “Preparing AgBr nanoparticles in poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP) nanofibers,” Colloids Surf., A 329, 165 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.

X. Lu, Y. Zhao, C. Wang, and Y. Wei, “Fabrication of CdS nanorods in PVP fiber matrices by electrospinning,” Macromol. Rapid Commun. 26, 1325 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Lu, Y. Zhao, and C. Wang, “Fabrication of PbS nanoparticles in polymer-fiber matrices by electrospinning,” Adv. Mater. 17, 2485(2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhizhin, G. N.

A. Kh. Kuptsov and G. N. Zhizhin, Fourier Raman-Scattering Spectra and Infrared Absorption of Polymers (Fizmatlit, Moscow, 2001).

Adv. Mater.

X. Lu, Y. Zhao, and C. Wang, “Fabrication of PbS nanoparticles in polymer-fiber matrices by electrospinning,” Adv. Mater. 17, 2485(2005).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. Sci.

A. S. Pomogailo, A. S. Rozenberg, G. I. Dzhardimalieva, and M. Leonowicz, “Polymer nanocomposites on the base of metal carboxylates,” Adv. Mater. Sci. 1, No. 1, 19 (2001).

Appl. Catal., B

M. J. Height, S. E. Pratsinis, O. Mekasuwandumrong, and P. Praserthdam, “Ag-ZnO catalysts for UV-photodegradation of methylene blue,” Appl. Catal., B 63, 305 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ceram. Int.

S.-Y. Chu, T.-M. Yan, and S.-L. Chen, “Analysis of ZnO varistors prepared by the sol–gel method,” Ceram. Int. 26, 733 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Rev.

A. Hagfeldt and M. Graetzel, “Light-induced redox reactions in nanocrystalline systems,” Chem. Rev. No. 1, 49 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Colloids Surf., A

J. Bai, Y. Li, C. Zhang, X. Liang, and Q. Yang, “Preparing AgBr nanoparticles in poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP) nanofibers,” Colloids Surf., A 329, 165 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Crit. Rev. Solid State Mater. Sci.

X. Fang, Y. Bando, and U. K. Gautam, “ZnO and ZnS nanostructures: ultraviolet-light emitters, lasers, and sensors,” Crit. Rev. Solid State Mater. Sci. 34, Nos. 3–4, 190 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Curr. Appl. Phys.

P. Liu and T. Wang, “Poly(hydroethyl acrylate) grafted from ZnO nanoparticles via surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 8, No. 1, 66 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Polym. Sci.

T. R. Williams, I. Yu. Denisyuk, and J. E. Burunkova, “Filled polymers with high nanoparticles concentration—synthesis, optical and rheological proprieties,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 116, 1857 (2010).

J. Macromol. Sci., Pure Appl. Chem.

C. Dong and X. Ni, “The photopolymerization and characterization of methylmethacrylate initiated by nanosized titanium dioxide,” J. Macromol. Sci., Pure Appl. Chem. 41, 547 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Chem.

G. Westin, A. Ekstrand, M. Nygren, R. O. Sterlund, and P. Merkelbach, “Preparation of ZnO-based varistors by the sol–gel technique,” J. Mater. Chem. 4, 615 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Pillai, J. M. Kelly, D. E. McCormack, and R. Ramesh, “Self-assembled arrays of ZnO nanoparticles and their application as varistor materials,” J. Mater. Chem. 14, 1572 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Nanomater.

I. Yu. Denisyuk, N. D. Vorzobova, N. O. Sobeshuk, and J. E. Burunkova, “Subwavelength microstructures fabrication by self-organization processes in photopolymerizable nanocomposite,” J. Nanomater. 2012, 11 (2012), Special issue on Nanocrystals-Related Synthesis, Assembly, and Energy Applications.
[CrossRef]

J. Nanopart. Res.

D. Beydoun, R. Amal, G. Low, and S. McEvoy, “Role of nanoparticles in photocatalysis,” J. Nanopart. Res. 1, 439 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol.

Z. Y. Fan and J. G. Lu, “Zinc oxide nanostructures: synthesis and properties,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 5, 1561 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Macromol. Rapid Commun.

X. Lu, Y. Zhao, C. Wang, and Y. Wei, “Fabrication of CdS nanorods in PVP fiber matrices by electrospinning,” Macromol. Rapid Commun. 26, 1325 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Des.

M. R. Vaezi and S. K. Sadrnezhaad, “Nanopowder synthesis of zinc oxide via solochemical processing,” Mater. Des. 28, 515 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Sci. Eng., B

Y. Li, G. Li, and Q. Yin, “Preparation of ZnO varistors by solution nano-coating technique,” Mater. Sci. Eng., B 130, 264 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Microelectron. Eng.

S. Jiguet, A. Bertsch, M. Judelewicz, H. Hofmann, and P. Renaud, “SU-8 nanocomposite photoresist with low stress properties for microfabrication applications,” Microelectron. Eng. 83, 1966 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst.

I. Yu. Denisyuk, T. R. Williams, and J. E. Burunkova, “Hybrid optical material with nanoparticles at high concentrations in UV-curable polymers—technology and properties,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 497, 142 (2008).

J. A. Burunkova, I. Yu. Denisyuk, N. N. Arefeva, and S. A. Semina, “Influence of SiO2 nanoaddition on the self organization via UV-polymerization of acrylate nanocomposites,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 536, 10 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Zh.

M. I. Fokina, I. Yu. Denisyuk, Yu. É. Burunkova, and L. N. Kaporskiĭ, “The formation of microstructures as a result of the self-focusing of light in a photopolymer nanocomposite,” Opt. Zh. 75, No. 10, 66 (2008) [J. Opt. Technol. 75, 658 (2008)].
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

J. E. Spanier and I. P. Herman, “Use of hybrid phenomenological and statistical effective-medium theories of dielectric functions to model the infrared reflectance of porous SiC films,” Phys. Rev. B 61, 10437 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Polym. Adv. Technol.

A. S. Rosenberg, G. I. Dzhardimalieva, and A. D. Pomogailo, “Polymer composites of nano-sized particles isolated in matrix,” Polym. Adv. Technol. 9, 527 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Polym. Degrad. Stab.

S. C. Liufu, H. N. Xiao, and Y. P. Li, “Thermal analysis and degradation mechanism of polyacrylate/ZnO nanocomposites,” Polym. Degrad. Stab. 87, 103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Surf. Coat. Technol.

L. Guedri-Knani, J. L. Gardette, M. Jacquet, and A. Rivaton, “Photoprotection of poly(ethylene-naphthalate) by zinc oxide coating,” Surf. Coat. Technol. 180–181, 71 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other

A. D. Pomogailo and V. S. Savost’yanov, Synthesis and Polymerization of Metal-Containing Monomers (CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla., 1994).

A. P. Vinogradov, Electrodynamics of Composite Materials (Editorial URSS, Moscow, 2001).

R. M. Silverstein, G. C. Bassler, and T. C. Morrill, Spectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1981).

A. Kh. Kuptsov and G. N. Zhizhin, Fourier Raman-Scattering Spectra and Infrared Absorption of Polymers (Fizmatlit, Moscow, 2001).

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