Abstract

This review discusses how the main parameters of the deposition regimes of the oxides of semiconductors and metals affect the structure and relief of a precipitated film and analyzes the orientation mechanisms of liquid crystals (LCs) by means of such films. The dependence between the deposition angles, the tilt of the crystallites, and the tilt of the LC director is reported. It is shown that, when the deposition angle of the orienting film is increased relative to the substrate plane, it can be energetically favorable to make a transition either to the planar or the homeotropic orientation of the LC, depending on the film-deposition rate.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Jiao, Z. Ge, Q. Song, and S.-T. Wu, “Alignment layer effects on thin liquid-crystal cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 061102 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. L. Janning, “Thin-film surface orientation for liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 173 (1972).
    [Crossref]
  3. O. B. Gorbunov, A. A. Mukhaev, S. P. Kurchatkin, V. P. Sevost’yanov, V. Ya. Filipchenko, and S. Kh. Finkil’shteĭn, “The orientation of liquid crystals by means of obliquely deposited films of germanium monoxide,” Neorg. Mater. 19, 467 (1983).
  4. Zh. Kon’yar, Orientation of Nematic Liquid Crystals and Their Mixtures (Universitetskoe, Minsk, 1986).
  5. T. Wilson, G. D. Boyd, E. H. Westerwick, and F. G. Storz, “Alignment of liquid crystals on surfaces with film deposited obliquely at low and high rates,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 94, 359 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  6. L. A. Goodman, J. T. McGinn, C. H. Anderson, and F. Digeronomo, “Topography of obliquely evaporated silicon oxide films and its effects on liquid-crystal orientation,” IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 24, 795 (1977).
    [Crossref]
  7. W. Urbach, M. Boix, and E. Guyon, “Alignment of nematics and smectics on evaporated films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 479 (1974).
    [Crossref]
  8. W.-R. Liou, C.-Y. Chen, J.-J. Ho, C.-K. Hsu, C.-C. Chang, R. Y. Hsiao, and S.-H. Chang, “An improved alignment layer grown by oblique evaporation for liquid-crystal devices,” Displays 27, No. 2, 69 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  9. M. Mokade, Ph. Martinot-Lagarge, G. Durand, and C. Granjean, “SiO evaporated films topography and nematic liquid-crystal orientation,” J. Phys. II France No. 7, 1577 (1997).
  10. M. Mokade, M. Boix, and G. Durand, “Order electricity and oblique nematic orientation on rough solid surfaces,” Europhys. Lett. 5, 697(1988).
    [Crossref]
  11. Z. Celinski, L. Reisman, I. Harward, and A. Glushchenko, “New alignment liquid-crystal techniques for operation at harsh ambient conditions and high intensity light,” Proc. SPIE 7329, 73290 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  12. E. A. Konshina, M. A. Fedorov, L. P. Amosova, and Yu. M. Voronin, “Effect of surface on phase modulation of light in a nematic layer,” Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 78, No. 2, 71 (2008) [Tech. Phys. 53, 211 (2008)].
  13. L. Dong, R. W. Smith, and D. J. Srolovitz, “A two-dimensional molecular dynamics simulation of thin-film growth by oblique deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 5682 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  14. J. Cheng, G. D. Boyd, and F. G. Storz, “A scanning electron microscope study of columnar topography and liquid-crystal alignment on obliquely deposited oxide surfaces at low rates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 716(1980).
    [Crossref]
  15. E. A. Konshina, N. L. Ivanova, P. S. Parfenov, and M. A. Fedorov, “Reorientation dynamics of a dual-frequency nematic liquid crystal with quasi-homeotropic structure,” Opt. Zh. 77, No. 12, 45 (2010) [J. Opt. Technol. 77, 770 (2010)].
  16. Y.-P. Zhao, D.-X. Ye, G.-C. Wang, and T.-M. Lu, “Designing nanostructures by glancing-angle deposition,” Proc. SPIE 5219, 59 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  17. R. N. Trait, T. Smy, and M. J. Brett, “Modeling and characterization of columnar growth in evaporated films,” Thin Solid Films 226, 196 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  18. K. H. Muller, “Dependence of thin-film microstructure on deposition rate by means of a computer simulation,” J. Appl. Phys. 58, 2573 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  19. S. M. Paik, S. Kim, I. K. Schuller, and R. Ramirez, “Surface kinetics and roughness on microstructure formation in thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 43, 1843 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  20. C. Chen, P. J. Bos, and J. E. Anderson, “Anchoring transitions of liquid crystals on SiOx,” Liq. Cryst. 35, 465 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  21. E. Dubois-Violette and P. G. de Gennes, “Effect of long-range van der Waals forces on the anchoring of a nematic fluid at an interface,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 57, 403 (1976).
    [Crossref]
  22. G. Barbero and G. Durand, “Order parameter spatial variation and anchoring energy for nematic liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 69, 6968 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  23. W. R. Heffner, D. W. Berreman, M. Sammon, and S. Meiboom, “Light crystal alignment on surfactant-treated obliquely evaporated surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 144 (1980).
    [Crossref]

2010 (1)

E. A. Konshina, N. L. Ivanova, P. S. Parfenov, and M. A. Fedorov, “Reorientation dynamics of a dual-frequency nematic liquid crystal with quasi-homeotropic structure,” Opt. Zh. 77, No. 12, 45 (2010) [J. Opt. Technol. 77, 770 (2010)].

2009 (1)

Z. Celinski, L. Reisman, I. Harward, and A. Glushchenko, “New alignment liquid-crystal techniques for operation at harsh ambient conditions and high intensity light,” Proc. SPIE 7329, 73290 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

E. A. Konshina, M. A. Fedorov, L. P. Amosova, and Yu. M. Voronin, “Effect of surface on phase modulation of light in a nematic layer,” Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 78, No. 2, 71 (2008) [Tech. Phys. 53, 211 (2008)].

M. Jiao, Z. Ge, Q. Song, and S.-T. Wu, “Alignment layer effects on thin liquid-crystal cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 061102 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. Chen, P. J. Bos, and J. E. Anderson, “Anchoring transitions of liquid crystals on SiOx,” Liq. Cryst. 35, 465 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

W.-R. Liou, C.-Y. Chen, J.-J. Ho, C.-K. Hsu, C.-C. Chang, R. Y. Hsiao, and S.-H. Chang, “An improved alignment layer grown by oblique evaporation for liquid-crystal devices,” Displays 27, No. 2, 69 (2006).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

Y.-P. Zhao, D.-X. Ye, G.-C. Wang, and T.-M. Lu, “Designing nanostructures by glancing-angle deposition,” Proc. SPIE 5219, 59 (2003).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

M. Mokade, Ph. Martinot-Lagarge, G. Durand, and C. Granjean, “SiO evaporated films topography and nematic liquid-crystal orientation,” J. Phys. II France No. 7, 1577 (1997).

1996 (1)

L. Dong, R. W. Smith, and D. J. Srolovitz, “A two-dimensional molecular dynamics simulation of thin-film growth by oblique deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 5682 (1996).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

R. N. Trait, T. Smy, and M. J. Brett, “Modeling and characterization of columnar growth in evaporated films,” Thin Solid Films 226, 196 (1993).
[Crossref]

1991 (2)

G. Barbero and G. Durand, “Order parameter spatial variation and anchoring energy for nematic liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 69, 6968 (1991).
[Crossref]

S. M. Paik, S. Kim, I. K. Schuller, and R. Ramirez, “Surface kinetics and roughness on microstructure formation in thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 43, 1843 (1991).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

M. Mokade, M. Boix, and G. Durand, “Order electricity and oblique nematic orientation on rough solid surfaces,” Europhys. Lett. 5, 697(1988).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

K. H. Muller, “Dependence of thin-film microstructure on deposition rate by means of a computer simulation,” J. Appl. Phys. 58, 2573 (1985).
[Crossref]

1983 (2)

O. B. Gorbunov, A. A. Mukhaev, S. P. Kurchatkin, V. P. Sevost’yanov, V. Ya. Filipchenko, and S. Kh. Finkil’shteĭn, “The orientation of liquid crystals by means of obliquely deposited films of germanium monoxide,” Neorg. Mater. 19, 467 (1983).

T. Wilson, G. D. Boyd, E. H. Westerwick, and F. G. Storz, “Alignment of liquid crystals on surfaces with film deposited obliquely at low and high rates,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 94, 359 (1983).
[Crossref]

1980 (2)

J. Cheng, G. D. Boyd, and F. G. Storz, “A scanning electron microscope study of columnar topography and liquid-crystal alignment on obliquely deposited oxide surfaces at low rates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 716(1980).
[Crossref]

W. R. Heffner, D. W. Berreman, M. Sammon, and S. Meiboom, “Light crystal alignment on surfactant-treated obliquely evaporated surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 144 (1980).
[Crossref]

1977 (1)

L. A. Goodman, J. T. McGinn, C. H. Anderson, and F. Digeronomo, “Topography of obliquely evaporated silicon oxide films and its effects on liquid-crystal orientation,” IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 24, 795 (1977).
[Crossref]

1976 (1)

E. Dubois-Violette and P. G. de Gennes, “Effect of long-range van der Waals forces on the anchoring of a nematic fluid at an interface,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 57, 403 (1976).
[Crossref]

1974 (1)

W. Urbach, M. Boix, and E. Guyon, “Alignment of nematics and smectics on evaporated films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 479 (1974).
[Crossref]

1972 (1)

J. L. Janning, “Thin-film surface orientation for liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 173 (1972).
[Crossref]

Amosova, L. P.

E. A. Konshina, M. A. Fedorov, L. P. Amosova, and Yu. M. Voronin, “Effect of surface on phase modulation of light in a nematic layer,” Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 78, No. 2, 71 (2008) [Tech. Phys. 53, 211 (2008)].

Anderson, C. H.

L. A. Goodman, J. T. McGinn, C. H. Anderson, and F. Digeronomo, “Topography of obliquely evaporated silicon oxide films and its effects on liquid-crystal orientation,” IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 24, 795 (1977).
[Crossref]

Anderson, J. E.

C. Chen, P. J. Bos, and J. E. Anderson, “Anchoring transitions of liquid crystals on SiOx,” Liq. Cryst. 35, 465 (2008).
[Crossref]

Barbero, G.

G. Barbero and G. Durand, “Order parameter spatial variation and anchoring energy for nematic liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 69, 6968 (1991).
[Crossref]

Berreman, D. W.

W. R. Heffner, D. W. Berreman, M. Sammon, and S. Meiboom, “Light crystal alignment on surfactant-treated obliquely evaporated surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 144 (1980).
[Crossref]

Boix, M.

M. Mokade, M. Boix, and G. Durand, “Order electricity and oblique nematic orientation on rough solid surfaces,” Europhys. Lett. 5, 697(1988).
[Crossref]

W. Urbach, M. Boix, and E. Guyon, “Alignment of nematics and smectics on evaporated films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 479 (1974).
[Crossref]

Bos, P. J.

C. Chen, P. J. Bos, and J. E. Anderson, “Anchoring transitions of liquid crystals on SiOx,” Liq. Cryst. 35, 465 (2008).
[Crossref]

Boyd, G. D.

T. Wilson, G. D. Boyd, E. H. Westerwick, and F. G. Storz, “Alignment of liquid crystals on surfaces with film deposited obliquely at low and high rates,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 94, 359 (1983).
[Crossref]

J. Cheng, G. D. Boyd, and F. G. Storz, “A scanning electron microscope study of columnar topography and liquid-crystal alignment on obliquely deposited oxide surfaces at low rates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 716(1980).
[Crossref]

Brett, M. J.

R. N. Trait, T. Smy, and M. J. Brett, “Modeling and characterization of columnar growth in evaporated films,” Thin Solid Films 226, 196 (1993).
[Crossref]

Celinski, Z.

Z. Celinski, L. Reisman, I. Harward, and A. Glushchenko, “New alignment liquid-crystal techniques for operation at harsh ambient conditions and high intensity light,” Proc. SPIE 7329, 73290 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chang, C.-C.

W.-R. Liou, C.-Y. Chen, J.-J. Ho, C.-K. Hsu, C.-C. Chang, R. Y. Hsiao, and S.-H. Chang, “An improved alignment layer grown by oblique evaporation for liquid-crystal devices,” Displays 27, No. 2, 69 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chang, S.-H.

W.-R. Liou, C.-Y. Chen, J.-J. Ho, C.-K. Hsu, C.-C. Chang, R. Y. Hsiao, and S.-H. Chang, “An improved alignment layer grown by oblique evaporation for liquid-crystal devices,” Displays 27, No. 2, 69 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chen, C.

C. Chen, P. J. Bos, and J. E. Anderson, “Anchoring transitions of liquid crystals on SiOx,” Liq. Cryst. 35, 465 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chen, C.-Y.

W.-R. Liou, C.-Y. Chen, J.-J. Ho, C.-K. Hsu, C.-C. Chang, R. Y. Hsiao, and S.-H. Chang, “An improved alignment layer grown by oblique evaporation for liquid-crystal devices,” Displays 27, No. 2, 69 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cheng, J.

J. Cheng, G. D. Boyd, and F. G. Storz, “A scanning electron microscope study of columnar topography and liquid-crystal alignment on obliquely deposited oxide surfaces at low rates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 716(1980).
[Crossref]

de Gennes, P. G.

E. Dubois-Violette and P. G. de Gennes, “Effect of long-range van der Waals forces on the anchoring of a nematic fluid at an interface,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 57, 403 (1976).
[Crossref]

Digeronomo, F.

L. A. Goodman, J. T. McGinn, C. H. Anderson, and F. Digeronomo, “Topography of obliquely evaporated silicon oxide films and its effects on liquid-crystal orientation,” IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 24, 795 (1977).
[Crossref]

Dong, L.

L. Dong, R. W. Smith, and D. J. Srolovitz, “A two-dimensional molecular dynamics simulation of thin-film growth by oblique deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 5682 (1996).
[Crossref]

Dubois-Violette, E.

E. Dubois-Violette and P. G. de Gennes, “Effect of long-range van der Waals forces on the anchoring of a nematic fluid at an interface,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 57, 403 (1976).
[Crossref]

Durand, G.

M. Mokade, Ph. Martinot-Lagarge, G. Durand, and C. Granjean, “SiO evaporated films topography and nematic liquid-crystal orientation,” J. Phys. II France No. 7, 1577 (1997).

G. Barbero and G. Durand, “Order parameter spatial variation and anchoring energy for nematic liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 69, 6968 (1991).
[Crossref]

M. Mokade, M. Boix, and G. Durand, “Order electricity and oblique nematic orientation on rough solid surfaces,” Europhys. Lett. 5, 697(1988).
[Crossref]

Fedorov, M. A.

E. A. Konshina, N. L. Ivanova, P. S. Parfenov, and M. A. Fedorov, “Reorientation dynamics of a dual-frequency nematic liquid crystal with quasi-homeotropic structure,” Opt. Zh. 77, No. 12, 45 (2010) [J. Opt. Technol. 77, 770 (2010)].

E. A. Konshina, M. A. Fedorov, L. P. Amosova, and Yu. M. Voronin, “Effect of surface on phase modulation of light in a nematic layer,” Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 78, No. 2, 71 (2008) [Tech. Phys. 53, 211 (2008)].

Filipchenko, V. Ya.

O. B. Gorbunov, A. A. Mukhaev, S. P. Kurchatkin, V. P. Sevost’yanov, V. Ya. Filipchenko, and S. Kh. Finkil’shteĭn, “The orientation of liquid crystals by means of obliquely deposited films of germanium monoxide,” Neorg. Mater. 19, 467 (1983).

Finkil’shtein, S. Kh.

O. B. Gorbunov, A. A. Mukhaev, S. P. Kurchatkin, V. P. Sevost’yanov, V. Ya. Filipchenko, and S. Kh. Finkil’shteĭn, “The orientation of liquid crystals by means of obliquely deposited films of germanium monoxide,” Neorg. Mater. 19, 467 (1983).

Ge, Z.

M. Jiao, Z. Ge, Q. Song, and S.-T. Wu, “Alignment layer effects on thin liquid-crystal cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 061102 (2008).
[Crossref]

Glushchenko, A.

Z. Celinski, L. Reisman, I. Harward, and A. Glushchenko, “New alignment liquid-crystal techniques for operation at harsh ambient conditions and high intensity light,” Proc. SPIE 7329, 73290 (2009).
[Crossref]

Goodman, L. A.

L. A. Goodman, J. T. McGinn, C. H. Anderson, and F. Digeronomo, “Topography of obliquely evaporated silicon oxide films and its effects on liquid-crystal orientation,” IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 24, 795 (1977).
[Crossref]

Gorbunov, O. B.

O. B. Gorbunov, A. A. Mukhaev, S. P. Kurchatkin, V. P. Sevost’yanov, V. Ya. Filipchenko, and S. Kh. Finkil’shteĭn, “The orientation of liquid crystals by means of obliquely deposited films of germanium monoxide,” Neorg. Mater. 19, 467 (1983).

Granjean, C.

M. Mokade, Ph. Martinot-Lagarge, G. Durand, and C. Granjean, “SiO evaporated films topography and nematic liquid-crystal orientation,” J. Phys. II France No. 7, 1577 (1997).

Guyon, E.

W. Urbach, M. Boix, and E. Guyon, “Alignment of nematics and smectics on evaporated films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 479 (1974).
[Crossref]

Harward, I.

Z. Celinski, L. Reisman, I. Harward, and A. Glushchenko, “New alignment liquid-crystal techniques for operation at harsh ambient conditions and high intensity light,” Proc. SPIE 7329, 73290 (2009).
[Crossref]

Heffner, W. R.

W. R. Heffner, D. W. Berreman, M. Sammon, and S. Meiboom, “Light crystal alignment on surfactant-treated obliquely evaporated surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 144 (1980).
[Crossref]

Ho, J.-J.

W.-R. Liou, C.-Y. Chen, J.-J. Ho, C.-K. Hsu, C.-C. Chang, R. Y. Hsiao, and S.-H. Chang, “An improved alignment layer grown by oblique evaporation for liquid-crystal devices,” Displays 27, No. 2, 69 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hsiao, R. Y.

W.-R. Liou, C.-Y. Chen, J.-J. Ho, C.-K. Hsu, C.-C. Chang, R. Y. Hsiao, and S.-H. Chang, “An improved alignment layer grown by oblique evaporation for liquid-crystal devices,” Displays 27, No. 2, 69 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hsu, C.-K.

W.-R. Liou, C.-Y. Chen, J.-J. Ho, C.-K. Hsu, C.-C. Chang, R. Y. Hsiao, and S.-H. Chang, “An improved alignment layer grown by oblique evaporation for liquid-crystal devices,” Displays 27, No. 2, 69 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ivanova, N. L.

E. A. Konshina, N. L. Ivanova, P. S. Parfenov, and M. A. Fedorov, “Reorientation dynamics of a dual-frequency nematic liquid crystal with quasi-homeotropic structure,” Opt. Zh. 77, No. 12, 45 (2010) [J. Opt. Technol. 77, 770 (2010)].

Janning, J. L.

J. L. Janning, “Thin-film surface orientation for liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 173 (1972).
[Crossref]

Jiao, M.

M. Jiao, Z. Ge, Q. Song, and S.-T. Wu, “Alignment layer effects on thin liquid-crystal cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 061102 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kim, S.

S. M. Paik, S. Kim, I. K. Schuller, and R. Ramirez, “Surface kinetics and roughness on microstructure formation in thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 43, 1843 (1991).
[Crossref]

Kon’yar, Zh.

Zh. Kon’yar, Orientation of Nematic Liquid Crystals and Their Mixtures (Universitetskoe, Minsk, 1986).

Konshina, E. A.

E. A. Konshina, N. L. Ivanova, P. S. Parfenov, and M. A. Fedorov, “Reorientation dynamics of a dual-frequency nematic liquid crystal with quasi-homeotropic structure,” Opt. Zh. 77, No. 12, 45 (2010) [J. Opt. Technol. 77, 770 (2010)].

E. A. Konshina, M. A. Fedorov, L. P. Amosova, and Yu. M. Voronin, “Effect of surface on phase modulation of light in a nematic layer,” Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 78, No. 2, 71 (2008) [Tech. Phys. 53, 211 (2008)].

Kurchatkin, S. P.

O. B. Gorbunov, A. A. Mukhaev, S. P. Kurchatkin, V. P. Sevost’yanov, V. Ya. Filipchenko, and S. Kh. Finkil’shteĭn, “The orientation of liquid crystals by means of obliquely deposited films of germanium monoxide,” Neorg. Mater. 19, 467 (1983).

Liou, W.-R.

W.-R. Liou, C.-Y. Chen, J.-J. Ho, C.-K. Hsu, C.-C. Chang, R. Y. Hsiao, and S.-H. Chang, “An improved alignment layer grown by oblique evaporation for liquid-crystal devices,” Displays 27, No. 2, 69 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lu, T.-M.

Y.-P. Zhao, D.-X. Ye, G.-C. Wang, and T.-M. Lu, “Designing nanostructures by glancing-angle deposition,” Proc. SPIE 5219, 59 (2003).
[Crossref]

Martinot-Lagarge, Ph.

M. Mokade, Ph. Martinot-Lagarge, G. Durand, and C. Granjean, “SiO evaporated films topography and nematic liquid-crystal orientation,” J. Phys. II France No. 7, 1577 (1997).

McGinn, J. T.

L. A. Goodman, J. T. McGinn, C. H. Anderson, and F. Digeronomo, “Topography of obliquely evaporated silicon oxide films and its effects on liquid-crystal orientation,” IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 24, 795 (1977).
[Crossref]

Meiboom, S.

W. R. Heffner, D. W. Berreman, M. Sammon, and S. Meiboom, “Light crystal alignment on surfactant-treated obliquely evaporated surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 144 (1980).
[Crossref]

Mokade, M.

M. Mokade, Ph. Martinot-Lagarge, G. Durand, and C. Granjean, “SiO evaporated films topography and nematic liquid-crystal orientation,” J. Phys. II France No. 7, 1577 (1997).

M. Mokade, M. Boix, and G. Durand, “Order electricity and oblique nematic orientation on rough solid surfaces,” Europhys. Lett. 5, 697(1988).
[Crossref]

Mukhaev, A. A.

O. B. Gorbunov, A. A. Mukhaev, S. P. Kurchatkin, V. P. Sevost’yanov, V. Ya. Filipchenko, and S. Kh. Finkil’shteĭn, “The orientation of liquid crystals by means of obliquely deposited films of germanium monoxide,” Neorg. Mater. 19, 467 (1983).

Muller, K. H.

K. H. Muller, “Dependence of thin-film microstructure on deposition rate by means of a computer simulation,” J. Appl. Phys. 58, 2573 (1985).
[Crossref]

Paik, S. M.

S. M. Paik, S. Kim, I. K. Schuller, and R. Ramirez, “Surface kinetics and roughness on microstructure formation in thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 43, 1843 (1991).
[Crossref]

Parfenov, P. S.

E. A. Konshina, N. L. Ivanova, P. S. Parfenov, and M. A. Fedorov, “Reorientation dynamics of a dual-frequency nematic liquid crystal with quasi-homeotropic structure,” Opt. Zh. 77, No. 12, 45 (2010) [J. Opt. Technol. 77, 770 (2010)].

Ramirez, R.

S. M. Paik, S. Kim, I. K. Schuller, and R. Ramirez, “Surface kinetics and roughness on microstructure formation in thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 43, 1843 (1991).
[Crossref]

Reisman, L.

Z. Celinski, L. Reisman, I. Harward, and A. Glushchenko, “New alignment liquid-crystal techniques for operation at harsh ambient conditions and high intensity light,” Proc. SPIE 7329, 73290 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sammon, M.

W. R. Heffner, D. W. Berreman, M. Sammon, and S. Meiboom, “Light crystal alignment on surfactant-treated obliquely evaporated surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 144 (1980).
[Crossref]

Schuller, I. K.

S. M. Paik, S. Kim, I. K. Schuller, and R. Ramirez, “Surface kinetics and roughness on microstructure formation in thin films,” Phys. Rev. B 43, 1843 (1991).
[Crossref]

Sevost’yanov, V. P.

O. B. Gorbunov, A. A. Mukhaev, S. P. Kurchatkin, V. P. Sevost’yanov, V. Ya. Filipchenko, and S. Kh. Finkil’shteĭn, “The orientation of liquid crystals by means of obliquely deposited films of germanium monoxide,” Neorg. Mater. 19, 467 (1983).

Smith, R. W.

L. Dong, R. W. Smith, and D. J. Srolovitz, “A two-dimensional molecular dynamics simulation of thin-film growth by oblique deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 5682 (1996).
[Crossref]

Smy, T.

R. N. Trait, T. Smy, and M. J. Brett, “Modeling and characterization of columnar growth in evaporated films,” Thin Solid Films 226, 196 (1993).
[Crossref]

Song, Q.

M. Jiao, Z. Ge, Q. Song, and S.-T. Wu, “Alignment layer effects on thin liquid-crystal cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 061102 (2008).
[Crossref]

Srolovitz, D. J.

L. Dong, R. W. Smith, and D. J. Srolovitz, “A two-dimensional molecular dynamics simulation of thin-film growth by oblique deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 5682 (1996).
[Crossref]

Storz, F. G.

T. Wilson, G. D. Boyd, E. H. Westerwick, and F. G. Storz, “Alignment of liquid crystals on surfaces with film deposited obliquely at low and high rates,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 94, 359 (1983).
[Crossref]

J. Cheng, G. D. Boyd, and F. G. Storz, “A scanning electron microscope study of columnar topography and liquid-crystal alignment on obliquely deposited oxide surfaces at low rates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 716(1980).
[Crossref]

Trait, R. N.

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R. N. Trait, T. Smy, and M. J. Brett, “Modeling and characterization of columnar growth in evaporated films,” Thin Solid Films 226, 196 (1993).
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E. A. Konshina, M. A. Fedorov, L. P. Amosova, and Yu. M. Voronin, “Effect of surface on phase modulation of light in a nematic layer,” Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 78, No. 2, 71 (2008) [Tech. Phys. 53, 211 (2008)].

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