Abstract

The anisotropy of the optical properties of CdSe quantum nanoplates is investigated, using the methods of absorption spectroscopy. It is experimentally established that the optical properties of the quantum nanoplates are anisotropic. Spectral dependences are obtained for the absorption anisotropy of ensembles of nanocrystals ordered in a stretched polymer film. A technique has been developed for creating elastic polymer films made from polyvinyl butyral with a high concentration of quantum nanoplates.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. J.  Baker, A.  Widmer-Cooper, M.  Toney, P.  Geissler, A.  Alivisatos, “Device-scale perpendicular alignment of colloidal nanorods,” Nano Lett. 10, 195 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S.  Emin, S. P.  Singh, L.  Han, N.  Satoh, A.  Islam, “Colloidal quantum dot solar cells,” Sol. Energy 85, 1264 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K.-J.  Wu, K.-C.  Chu, C.-Y.  Chao, Y.-F.  Chen, C.-W.  Lai, C.-C.  Kang, C.-Y.  Chen, P.-T.  Chou, “CdS nanorods imbedded in liquid-crystal cells for smart optoelectronic devices,” Nano Lett. 7, 1908 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. O.  Anikeeva, J. E.  Halpert, M. G.  Bawendi, V.  Bulovic, “Quantum-dot light-emitting devices with electroluminescence tunable over the entire visible spectrum,” Nano Lett. 9, 2532 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C.  de Mello Donega, R.  Koole, “Size dependence of the spontaneous emission rate and absorption cross section of CdSe and CdTe quantum dots,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 6511 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. X.  Peng, L.  Manna, W.  Yang, J.  Wickham, E.  Scher, A.  Kadavanich, A.  Alivisatos, “Shape control of CdSe nanocrystals,” Nature 404, 59 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. J.  Martin-Palma, M.  Manso, V.  Torres-Costa, “Optical biosensors based on semiconductor nanostructures,” Sensors 9, 5149 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J.  Ouyang, M. B.  Zaman, F. J.  Yan, D.  Johnston, G.  Li, X.  Wu, D.  Leek, C. I.  Ratcliffe, J. A.  Ripmeester, K.  Yu, “Multiple families of magic-sized CdSe nanocrystals with strong bandgap photoluminescence via noninjection one-pot syntheses,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 13805 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  10. R.  Sarkar, A. K.  Shaw, S. S.  Narayanan, C.  Rothe, S.  Hintschich, A.  Monkman, S. K.  Pal, “Size and shape-dependent electron–hole relaxation dynamics in CdS nanocrystals,” Opt. Mater. 29, 1310 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  17. P. P.  Feofilov, Polarized Luminescence of Atoms, Molecules, and Crystals (Izd. AN SSSR, Moscow, 1959).
  18. H.  Aoyama, Y.  Yamazaki, N.  Matsuura, H.  Mada, S.  Kobayashi, “Alignment of liquid crystals on the stretched polymer films,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 72, 127 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

A. W.  Achtstein, A.  Schliwa, A.  Prudnikau, M.  Hardzei, M. V.  Artemyev, C.  Thomsen, U.  Woggon, “Electronic structure and exciton–phonon interaction in two-dimensional colloidal-CdSe nanosheets,” Nano Lett. 12, 3151 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

S.  Ithurria, M. D.  Tessier, B.  Mahler, R. P. S. M.  Lobo, B.  Dubertret, Al. L.  Efros, “Colloidal nanoplatelets with two-dimensional electronic structure,” Nature Mater. 10, 936 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S.  Emin, S. P.  Singh, L.  Han, N.  Satoh, A.  Islam, “Colloidal quantum dot solar cells,” Sol. Energy 85, 1264 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

J.  Baker, A.  Widmer-Cooper, M.  Toney, P.  Geissler, A.  Alivisatos, “Device-scale perpendicular alignment of colloidal nanorods,” Nano Lett. 10, 195 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

P. O.  Anikeeva, J. E.  Halpert, M. G.  Bawendi, V.  Bulovic, “Quantum-dot light-emitting devices with electroluminescence tunable over the entire visible spectrum,” Nano Lett. 9, 2532 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C.  de Mello Donega, R.  Koole, “Size dependence of the spontaneous emission rate and absorption cross section of CdSe and CdTe quantum dots,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 6511 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. J.  Martin-Palma, M.  Manso, V.  Torres-Costa, “Optical biosensors based on semiconductor nanostructures,” Sensors 9, 5149 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

J.  Ouyang, M. B.  Zaman, F. J.  Yan, D.  Johnston, G.  Li, X.  Wu, D.  Leek, C. I.  Ratcliffe, J. A.  Ripmeester, K.  Yu, “Multiple families of magic-sized CdSe nanocrystals with strong bandgap photoluminescence via noninjection one-pot syntheses,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 13805 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S.  Ithurria, B.  Doubertret, “Quasi-2D colloidal CdSe platelets with thicknesses controlled at the atomic level,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 16504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

A. L.  Rogach, A.  Eychmuller, S. G.  Hickey, S. V.  Kershaw, “Infrared-emitting colloidal nanocrystals: synthesis, assembly, spectroscopy, and application,” Small 3, 536 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R.  Sarkar, A. K.  Shaw, S. S.  Narayanan, C.  Rothe, S.  Hintschich, A.  Monkman, S. K.  Pal, “Size and shape-dependent electron–hole relaxation dynamics in CdS nanocrystals,” Opt. Mater. 29, 1310 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K.-J.  Wu, K.-C.  Chu, C.-Y.  Chao, Y.-F.  Chen, C.-W.  Lai, C.-C.  Kang, C.-Y.  Chen, P.-T.  Chou, “CdS nanorods imbedded in liquid-crystal cells for smart optoelectronic devices,” Nano Lett. 7, 1908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

J.  Li, L.-W.  Wang, “High-energy excitations in CdSe quantum rods,” Nano Lett. 3, 101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

L.  Manna, E.  Scher, L.-S.  Li, A. P.  Alivisatos, “Epitaxial growth and photochemical annealing of graded CdS/ZnS shells on colloidal CdSe nanorods,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124, 7136 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

X.  Peng, L.  Manna, W.  Yang, J.  Wickham, E.  Scher, A.  Kadavanich, A.  Alivisatos, “Shape control of CdSe nanocrystals,” Nature 404, 59 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

J.  Feldmann, G.  Peter, E. O.  Gobel, P.  Dawson, K.  Moore, C.  Foxon, R. J.  Elliott, “Linewidth dependence of radiative-exciton lifetimes in quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2337 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

H.  Aoyama, Y.  Yamazaki, N.  Matsuura, H.  Mada, S.  Kobayashi, “Alignment of liquid crystals on the stretched polymer films,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 72, 127 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

E. W.  Thulstrup, J.  Michl, J. H.  Eggers, “Polarization spectra in stretched polymer sheets. II. Separation of π−π* absorption of symmetrical molecules into components,” J. Phys. Chem. 74, 3868 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Achtstein, A. W.

A. W.  Achtstein, A.  Schliwa, A.  Prudnikau, M.  Hardzei, M. V.  Artemyev, C.  Thomsen, U.  Woggon, “Electronic structure and exciton–phonon interaction in two-dimensional colloidal-CdSe nanosheets,” Nano Lett. 12, 3151 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Alivisatos, A.

J.  Baker, A.  Widmer-Cooper, M.  Toney, P.  Geissler, A.  Alivisatos, “Device-scale perpendicular alignment of colloidal nanorods,” Nano Lett. 10, 195 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X.  Peng, L.  Manna, W.  Yang, J.  Wickham, E.  Scher, A.  Kadavanich, A.  Alivisatos, “Shape control of CdSe nanocrystals,” Nature 404, 59 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Alivisatos, A. P.

L.  Manna, E.  Scher, L.-S.  Li, A. P.  Alivisatos, “Epitaxial growth and photochemical annealing of graded CdS/ZnS shells on colloidal CdSe nanorods,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124, 7136 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Anikeeva, P. O.

P. O.  Anikeeva, J. E.  Halpert, M. G.  Bawendi, V.  Bulovic, “Quantum-dot light-emitting devices with electroluminescence tunable over the entire visible spectrum,” Nano Lett. 9, 2532 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Aoyama, H.

H.  Aoyama, Y.  Yamazaki, N.  Matsuura, H.  Mada, S.  Kobayashi, “Alignment of liquid crystals on the stretched polymer films,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 72, 127 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Artemyev, M. V.

A. W.  Achtstein, A.  Schliwa, A.  Prudnikau, M.  Hardzei, M. V.  Artemyev, C.  Thomsen, U.  Woggon, “Electronic structure and exciton–phonon interaction in two-dimensional colloidal-CdSe nanosheets,” Nano Lett. 12, 3151 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Baker, J.

J.  Baker, A.  Widmer-Cooper, M.  Toney, P.  Geissler, A.  Alivisatos, “Device-scale perpendicular alignment of colloidal nanorods,” Nano Lett. 10, 195 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bawendi, M. G.

P. O.  Anikeeva, J. E.  Halpert, M. G.  Bawendi, V.  Bulovic, “Quantum-dot light-emitting devices with electroluminescence tunable over the entire visible spectrum,” Nano Lett. 9, 2532 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bulovic, V.

P. O.  Anikeeva, J. E.  Halpert, M. G.  Bawendi, V.  Bulovic, “Quantum-dot light-emitting devices with electroluminescence tunable over the entire visible spectrum,” Nano Lett. 9, 2532 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chao, C.-Y.

K.-J.  Wu, K.-C.  Chu, C.-Y.  Chao, Y.-F.  Chen, C.-W.  Lai, C.-C.  Kang, C.-Y.  Chen, P.-T.  Chou, “CdS nanorods imbedded in liquid-crystal cells for smart optoelectronic devices,” Nano Lett. 7, 1908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.-Y.

K.-J.  Wu, K.-C.  Chu, C.-Y.  Chao, Y.-F.  Chen, C.-W.  Lai, C.-C.  Kang, C.-Y.  Chen, P.-T.  Chou, “CdS nanorods imbedded in liquid-crystal cells for smart optoelectronic devices,” Nano Lett. 7, 1908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.-F.

K.-J.  Wu, K.-C.  Chu, C.-Y.  Chao, Y.-F.  Chen, C.-W.  Lai, C.-C.  Kang, C.-Y.  Chen, P.-T.  Chou, “CdS nanorods imbedded in liquid-crystal cells for smart optoelectronic devices,” Nano Lett. 7, 1908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chou, P.-T.

K.-J.  Wu, K.-C.  Chu, C.-Y.  Chao, Y.-F.  Chen, C.-W.  Lai, C.-C.  Kang, C.-Y.  Chen, P.-T.  Chou, “CdS nanorods imbedded in liquid-crystal cells for smart optoelectronic devices,” Nano Lett. 7, 1908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chu, K.-C.

K.-J.  Wu, K.-C.  Chu, C.-Y.  Chao, Y.-F.  Chen, C.-W.  Lai, C.-C.  Kang, C.-Y.  Chen, P.-T.  Chou, “CdS nanorods imbedded in liquid-crystal cells for smart optoelectronic devices,” Nano Lett. 7, 1908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dawson, P.

J.  Feldmann, G.  Peter, E. O.  Gobel, P.  Dawson, K.  Moore, C.  Foxon, R. J.  Elliott, “Linewidth dependence of radiative-exciton lifetimes in quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2337 (1987).
[CrossRef]

de Mello Donega, C.

C.  de Mello Donega, R.  Koole, “Size dependence of the spontaneous emission rate and absorption cross section of CdSe and CdTe quantum dots,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 6511 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Doubertret, B.

S.  Ithurria, B.  Doubertret, “Quasi-2D colloidal CdSe platelets with thicknesses controlled at the atomic level,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 16504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dubertret, B.

S.  Ithurria, M. D.  Tessier, B.  Mahler, R. P. S. M.  Lobo, B.  Dubertret, Al. L.  Efros, “Colloidal nanoplatelets with two-dimensional electronic structure,” Nature Mater. 10, 936 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Efros, Al. L.

S.  Ithurria, M. D.  Tessier, B.  Mahler, R. P. S. M.  Lobo, B.  Dubertret, Al. L.  Efros, “Colloidal nanoplatelets with two-dimensional electronic structure,” Nature Mater. 10, 936 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Eggers, J. H.

E. W.  Thulstrup, J.  Michl, J. H.  Eggers, “Polarization spectra in stretched polymer sheets. II. Separation of π−π* absorption of symmetrical molecules into components,” J. Phys. Chem. 74, 3868 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Elliott, R. J.

J.  Feldmann, G.  Peter, E. O.  Gobel, P.  Dawson, K.  Moore, C.  Foxon, R. J.  Elliott, “Linewidth dependence of radiative-exciton lifetimes in quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2337 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Emin, S.

S.  Emin, S. P.  Singh, L.  Han, N.  Satoh, A.  Islam, “Colloidal quantum dot solar cells,” Sol. Energy 85, 1264 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Eychmuller, A.

A. L.  Rogach, A.  Eychmuller, S. G.  Hickey, S. V.  Kershaw, “Infrared-emitting colloidal nanocrystals: synthesis, assembly, spectroscopy, and application,” Small 3, 536 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Feldmann, J.

J.  Feldmann, G.  Peter, E. O.  Gobel, P.  Dawson, K.  Moore, C.  Foxon, R. J.  Elliott, “Linewidth dependence of radiative-exciton lifetimes in quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2337 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Feofilov, P. P.

P. P.  Feofilov, Polarized Luminescence of Atoms, Molecules, and Crystals (Izd. AN SSSR, Moscow, 1959).

Foxon, C.

J.  Feldmann, G.  Peter, E. O.  Gobel, P.  Dawson, K.  Moore, C.  Foxon, R. J.  Elliott, “Linewidth dependence of radiative-exciton lifetimes in quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2337 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Geissler, P.

J.  Baker, A.  Widmer-Cooper, M.  Toney, P.  Geissler, A.  Alivisatos, “Device-scale perpendicular alignment of colloidal nanorods,” Nano Lett. 10, 195 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gobel, E. O.

J.  Feldmann, G.  Peter, E. O.  Gobel, P.  Dawson, K.  Moore, C.  Foxon, R. J.  Elliott, “Linewidth dependence of radiative-exciton lifetimes in quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2337 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Halpert, J. E.

P. O.  Anikeeva, J. E.  Halpert, M. G.  Bawendi, V.  Bulovic, “Quantum-dot light-emitting devices with electroluminescence tunable over the entire visible spectrum,” Nano Lett. 9, 2532 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Han, L.

S.  Emin, S. P.  Singh, L.  Han, N.  Satoh, A.  Islam, “Colloidal quantum dot solar cells,” Sol. Energy 85, 1264 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hardzei, M.

A. W.  Achtstein, A.  Schliwa, A.  Prudnikau, M.  Hardzei, M. V.  Artemyev, C.  Thomsen, U.  Woggon, “Electronic structure and exciton–phonon interaction in two-dimensional colloidal-CdSe nanosheets,” Nano Lett. 12, 3151 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hickey, S. G.

A. L.  Rogach, A.  Eychmuller, S. G.  Hickey, S. V.  Kershaw, “Infrared-emitting colloidal nanocrystals: synthesis, assembly, spectroscopy, and application,” Small 3, 536 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hintschich, S.

R.  Sarkar, A. K.  Shaw, S. S.  Narayanan, C.  Rothe, S.  Hintschich, A.  Monkman, S. K.  Pal, “Size and shape-dependent electron–hole relaxation dynamics in CdS nanocrystals,” Opt. Mater. 29, 1310 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Islam, A.

S.  Emin, S. P.  Singh, L.  Han, N.  Satoh, A.  Islam, “Colloidal quantum dot solar cells,” Sol. Energy 85, 1264 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ithurria, S.

S.  Ithurria, M. D.  Tessier, B.  Mahler, R. P. S. M.  Lobo, B.  Dubertret, Al. L.  Efros, “Colloidal nanoplatelets with two-dimensional electronic structure,” Nature Mater. 10, 936 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S.  Ithurria, B.  Doubertret, “Quasi-2D colloidal CdSe platelets with thicknesses controlled at the atomic level,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 16504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Johnston, D.

J.  Ouyang, M. B.  Zaman, F. J.  Yan, D.  Johnston, G.  Li, X.  Wu, D.  Leek, C. I.  Ratcliffe, J. A.  Ripmeester, K.  Yu, “Multiple families of magic-sized CdSe nanocrystals with strong bandgap photoluminescence via noninjection one-pot syntheses,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 13805 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kadavanich, A.

X.  Peng, L.  Manna, W.  Yang, J.  Wickham, E.  Scher, A.  Kadavanich, A.  Alivisatos, “Shape control of CdSe nanocrystals,” Nature 404, 59 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kang, C.-C.

K.-J.  Wu, K.-C.  Chu, C.-Y.  Chao, Y.-F.  Chen, C.-W.  Lai, C.-C.  Kang, C.-Y.  Chen, P.-T.  Chou, “CdS nanorods imbedded in liquid-crystal cells for smart optoelectronic devices,” Nano Lett. 7, 1908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kershaw, S. V.

A. L.  Rogach, A.  Eychmuller, S. G.  Hickey, S. V.  Kershaw, “Infrared-emitting colloidal nanocrystals: synthesis, assembly, spectroscopy, and application,” Small 3, 536 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, S.

H.  Aoyama, Y.  Yamazaki, N.  Matsuura, H.  Mada, S.  Kobayashi, “Alignment of liquid crystals on the stretched polymer films,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 72, 127 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Koole, R.

C.  de Mello Donega, R.  Koole, “Size dependence of the spontaneous emission rate and absorption cross section of CdSe and CdTe quantum dots,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 6511 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lai, C.-W.

K.-J.  Wu, K.-C.  Chu, C.-Y.  Chao, Y.-F.  Chen, C.-W.  Lai, C.-C.  Kang, C.-Y.  Chen, P.-T.  Chou, “CdS nanorods imbedded in liquid-crystal cells for smart optoelectronic devices,” Nano Lett. 7, 1908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Leek, D.

J.  Ouyang, M. B.  Zaman, F. J.  Yan, D.  Johnston, G.  Li, X.  Wu, D.  Leek, C. I.  Ratcliffe, J. A.  Ripmeester, K.  Yu, “Multiple families of magic-sized CdSe nanocrystals with strong bandgap photoluminescence via noninjection one-pot syntheses,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 13805 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, G.

J.  Ouyang, M. B.  Zaman, F. J.  Yan, D.  Johnston, G.  Li, X.  Wu, D.  Leek, C. I.  Ratcliffe, J. A.  Ripmeester, K.  Yu, “Multiple families of magic-sized CdSe nanocrystals with strong bandgap photoluminescence via noninjection one-pot syntheses,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 13805 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

J.  Li, L.-W.  Wang, “High-energy excitations in CdSe quantum rods,” Nano Lett. 3, 101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Li, L.-S.

L.  Manna, E.  Scher, L.-S.  Li, A. P.  Alivisatos, “Epitaxial growth and photochemical annealing of graded CdS/ZnS shells on colloidal CdSe nanorods,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124, 7136 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lobo, R. P. S. M.

S.  Ithurria, M. D.  Tessier, B.  Mahler, R. P. S. M.  Lobo, B.  Dubertret, Al. L.  Efros, “Colloidal nanoplatelets with two-dimensional electronic structure,” Nature Mater. 10, 936 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mada, H.

H.  Aoyama, Y.  Yamazaki, N.  Matsuura, H.  Mada, S.  Kobayashi, “Alignment of liquid crystals on the stretched polymer films,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 72, 127 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Mahler, B.

S.  Ithurria, M. D.  Tessier, B.  Mahler, R. P. S. M.  Lobo, B.  Dubertret, Al. L.  Efros, “Colloidal nanoplatelets with two-dimensional electronic structure,” Nature Mater. 10, 936 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Manna, L.

L.  Manna, E.  Scher, L.-S.  Li, A. P.  Alivisatos, “Epitaxial growth and photochemical annealing of graded CdS/ZnS shells on colloidal CdSe nanorods,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124, 7136 (2002).
[CrossRef]

X.  Peng, L.  Manna, W.  Yang, J.  Wickham, E.  Scher, A.  Kadavanich, A.  Alivisatos, “Shape control of CdSe nanocrystals,” Nature 404, 59 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Manso, M.

R. J.  Martin-Palma, M.  Manso, V.  Torres-Costa, “Optical biosensors based on semiconductor nanostructures,” Sensors 9, 5149 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Martin-Palma, R. J.

R. J.  Martin-Palma, M.  Manso, V.  Torres-Costa, “Optical biosensors based on semiconductor nanostructures,” Sensors 9, 5149 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Matsuura, N.

H.  Aoyama, Y.  Yamazaki, N.  Matsuura, H.  Mada, S.  Kobayashi, “Alignment of liquid crystals on the stretched polymer films,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 72, 127 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Michl, J.

E. W.  Thulstrup, J.  Michl, J. H.  Eggers, “Polarization spectra in stretched polymer sheets. II. Separation of π−π* absorption of symmetrical molecules into components,” J. Phys. Chem. 74, 3868 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Monkman, A.

R.  Sarkar, A. K.  Shaw, S. S.  Narayanan, C.  Rothe, S.  Hintschich, A.  Monkman, S. K.  Pal, “Size and shape-dependent electron–hole relaxation dynamics in CdS nanocrystals,” Opt. Mater. 29, 1310 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Moore, K.

J.  Feldmann, G.  Peter, E. O.  Gobel, P.  Dawson, K.  Moore, C.  Foxon, R. J.  Elliott, “Linewidth dependence of radiative-exciton lifetimes in quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2337 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Narayanan, S. S.

R.  Sarkar, A. K.  Shaw, S. S.  Narayanan, C.  Rothe, S.  Hintschich, A.  Monkman, S. K.  Pal, “Size and shape-dependent electron–hole relaxation dynamics in CdS nanocrystals,” Opt. Mater. 29, 1310 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ouyang, J.

J.  Ouyang, M. B.  Zaman, F. J.  Yan, D.  Johnston, G.  Li, X.  Wu, D.  Leek, C. I.  Ratcliffe, J. A.  Ripmeester, K.  Yu, “Multiple families of magic-sized CdSe nanocrystals with strong bandgap photoluminescence via noninjection one-pot syntheses,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 13805 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pal, S. K.

R.  Sarkar, A. K.  Shaw, S. S.  Narayanan, C.  Rothe, S.  Hintschich, A.  Monkman, S. K.  Pal, “Size and shape-dependent electron–hole relaxation dynamics in CdS nanocrystals,” Opt. Mater. 29, 1310 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Peng, X.

X.  Peng, L.  Manna, W.  Yang, J.  Wickham, E.  Scher, A.  Kadavanich, A.  Alivisatos, “Shape control of CdSe nanocrystals,” Nature 404, 59 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Peter, G.

J.  Feldmann, G.  Peter, E. O.  Gobel, P.  Dawson, K.  Moore, C.  Foxon, R. J.  Elliott, “Linewidth dependence of radiative-exciton lifetimes in quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2337 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Prudnikau, A.

A. W.  Achtstein, A.  Schliwa, A.  Prudnikau, M.  Hardzei, M. V.  Artemyev, C.  Thomsen, U.  Woggon, “Electronic structure and exciton–phonon interaction in two-dimensional colloidal-CdSe nanosheets,” Nano Lett. 12, 3151 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ratcliffe, C. I.

J.  Ouyang, M. B.  Zaman, F. J.  Yan, D.  Johnston, G.  Li, X.  Wu, D.  Leek, C. I.  Ratcliffe, J. A.  Ripmeester, K.  Yu, “Multiple families of magic-sized CdSe nanocrystals with strong bandgap photoluminescence via noninjection one-pot syntheses,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 13805 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ripmeester, J. A.

J.  Ouyang, M. B.  Zaman, F. J.  Yan, D.  Johnston, G.  Li, X.  Wu, D.  Leek, C. I.  Ratcliffe, J. A.  Ripmeester, K.  Yu, “Multiple families of magic-sized CdSe nanocrystals with strong bandgap photoluminescence via noninjection one-pot syntheses,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 13805 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rogach, A. L.

A. L.  Rogach, A.  Eychmuller, S. G.  Hickey, S. V.  Kershaw, “Infrared-emitting colloidal nanocrystals: synthesis, assembly, spectroscopy, and application,” Small 3, 536 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rothe, C.

R.  Sarkar, A. K.  Shaw, S. S.  Narayanan, C.  Rothe, S.  Hintschich, A.  Monkman, S. K.  Pal, “Size and shape-dependent electron–hole relaxation dynamics in CdS nanocrystals,” Opt. Mater. 29, 1310 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sarkar, R.

R.  Sarkar, A. K.  Shaw, S. S.  Narayanan, C.  Rothe, S.  Hintschich, A.  Monkman, S. K.  Pal, “Size and shape-dependent electron–hole relaxation dynamics in CdS nanocrystals,” Opt. Mater. 29, 1310 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Satoh, N.

S.  Emin, S. P.  Singh, L.  Han, N.  Satoh, A.  Islam, “Colloidal quantum dot solar cells,” Sol. Energy 85, 1264 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Scher, E.

L.  Manna, E.  Scher, L.-S.  Li, A. P.  Alivisatos, “Epitaxial growth and photochemical annealing of graded CdS/ZnS shells on colloidal CdSe nanorods,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124, 7136 (2002).
[CrossRef]

X.  Peng, L.  Manna, W.  Yang, J.  Wickham, E.  Scher, A.  Kadavanich, A.  Alivisatos, “Shape control of CdSe nanocrystals,” Nature 404, 59 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schliwa, A.

A. W.  Achtstein, A.  Schliwa, A.  Prudnikau, M.  Hardzei, M. V.  Artemyev, C.  Thomsen, U.  Woggon, “Electronic structure and exciton–phonon interaction in two-dimensional colloidal-CdSe nanosheets,” Nano Lett. 12, 3151 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Schuler, N. W.

N. W.  Schuler, “Iodine-stained light polarizer,” U.S. Patent No. 4166871 (1979).

Shaw, A. K.

R.  Sarkar, A. K.  Shaw, S. S.  Narayanan, C.  Rothe, S.  Hintschich, A.  Monkman, S. K.  Pal, “Size and shape-dependent electron–hole relaxation dynamics in CdS nanocrystals,” Opt. Mater. 29, 1310 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Singh, S. P.

S.  Emin, S. P.  Singh, L.  Han, N.  Satoh, A.  Islam, “Colloidal quantum dot solar cells,” Sol. Energy 85, 1264 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tessier, M. D.

S.  Ithurria, M. D.  Tessier, B.  Mahler, R. P. S. M.  Lobo, B.  Dubertret, Al. L.  Efros, “Colloidal nanoplatelets with two-dimensional electronic structure,” Nature Mater. 10, 936 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Thomsen, C.

A. W.  Achtstein, A.  Schliwa, A.  Prudnikau, M.  Hardzei, M. V.  Artemyev, C.  Thomsen, U.  Woggon, “Electronic structure and exciton–phonon interaction in two-dimensional colloidal-CdSe nanosheets,” Nano Lett. 12, 3151 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Thulstrup, E. W.

E. W.  Thulstrup, J.  Michl, J. H.  Eggers, “Polarization spectra in stretched polymer sheets. II. Separation of π−π* absorption of symmetrical molecules into components,” J. Phys. Chem. 74, 3868 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Toney, M.

J.  Baker, A.  Widmer-Cooper, M.  Toney, P.  Geissler, A.  Alivisatos, “Device-scale perpendicular alignment of colloidal nanorods,” Nano Lett. 10, 195 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Torres-Costa, V.

R. J.  Martin-Palma, M.  Manso, V.  Torres-Costa, “Optical biosensors based on semiconductor nanostructures,” Sensors 9, 5149 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.-W.

J.  Li, L.-W.  Wang, “High-energy excitations in CdSe quantum rods,” Nano Lett. 3, 101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wickham, J.

X.  Peng, L.  Manna, W.  Yang, J.  Wickham, E.  Scher, A.  Kadavanich, A.  Alivisatos, “Shape control of CdSe nanocrystals,” Nature 404, 59 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Widmer-Cooper, A.

J.  Baker, A.  Widmer-Cooper, M.  Toney, P.  Geissler, A.  Alivisatos, “Device-scale perpendicular alignment of colloidal nanorods,” Nano Lett. 10, 195 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Woggon, U.

A. W.  Achtstein, A.  Schliwa, A.  Prudnikau, M.  Hardzei, M. V.  Artemyev, C.  Thomsen, U.  Woggon, “Electronic structure and exciton–phonon interaction in two-dimensional colloidal-CdSe nanosheets,” Nano Lett. 12, 3151 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wu, K.-J.

K.-J.  Wu, K.-C.  Chu, C.-Y.  Chao, Y.-F.  Chen, C.-W.  Lai, C.-C.  Kang, C.-Y.  Chen, P.-T.  Chou, “CdS nanorods imbedded in liquid-crystal cells for smart optoelectronic devices,” Nano Lett. 7, 1908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wu, X.

J.  Ouyang, M. B.  Zaman, F. J.  Yan, D.  Johnston, G.  Li, X.  Wu, D.  Leek, C. I.  Ratcliffe, J. A.  Ripmeester, K.  Yu, “Multiple families of magic-sized CdSe nanocrystals with strong bandgap photoluminescence via noninjection one-pot syntheses,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 13805 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yamazaki, Y.

H.  Aoyama, Y.  Yamazaki, N.  Matsuura, H.  Mada, S.  Kobayashi, “Alignment of liquid crystals on the stretched polymer films,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 72, 127 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Yan, F. J.

J.  Ouyang, M. B.  Zaman, F. J.  Yan, D.  Johnston, G.  Li, X.  Wu, D.  Leek, C. I.  Ratcliffe, J. A.  Ripmeester, K.  Yu, “Multiple families of magic-sized CdSe nanocrystals with strong bandgap photoluminescence via noninjection one-pot syntheses,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 13805 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, W.

X.  Peng, L.  Manna, W.  Yang, J.  Wickham, E.  Scher, A.  Kadavanich, A.  Alivisatos, “Shape control of CdSe nanocrystals,” Nature 404, 59 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yu, K.

J.  Ouyang, M. B.  Zaman, F. J.  Yan, D.  Johnston, G.  Li, X.  Wu, D.  Leek, C. I.  Ratcliffe, J. A.  Ripmeester, K.  Yu, “Multiple families of magic-sized CdSe nanocrystals with strong bandgap photoluminescence via noninjection one-pot syntheses,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 13805 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zaman, M. B.

J.  Ouyang, M. B.  Zaman, F. J.  Yan, D.  Johnston, G.  Li, X.  Wu, D.  Leek, C. I.  Ratcliffe, J. A.  Ripmeester, K.  Yu, “Multiple families of magic-sized CdSe nanocrystals with strong bandgap photoluminescence via noninjection one-pot syntheses,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 13805 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2)

L.  Manna, E.  Scher, L.-S.  Li, A. P.  Alivisatos, “Epitaxial growth and photochemical annealing of graded CdS/ZnS shells on colloidal CdSe nanorods,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124, 7136 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S.  Ithurria, B.  Doubertret, “Quasi-2D colloidal CdSe platelets with thicknesses controlled at the atomic level,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 16504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. (1)

E. W.  Thulstrup, J.  Michl, J. H.  Eggers, “Polarization spectra in stretched polymer sheets. II. Separation of π−π* absorption of symmetrical molecules into components,” J. Phys. Chem. 74, 3868 (1970).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. C (2)

C.  de Mello Donega, R.  Koole, “Size dependence of the spontaneous emission rate and absorption cross section of CdSe and CdTe quantum dots,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 6511 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J.  Ouyang, M. B.  Zaman, F. J.  Yan, D.  Johnston, G.  Li, X.  Wu, D.  Leek, C. I.  Ratcliffe, J. A.  Ripmeester, K.  Yu, “Multiple families of magic-sized CdSe nanocrystals with strong bandgap photoluminescence via noninjection one-pot syntheses,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 13805 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (1)

H.  Aoyama, Y.  Yamazaki, N.  Matsuura, H.  Mada, S.  Kobayashi, “Alignment of liquid crystals on the stretched polymer films,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 72, 127 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (5)

J.  Li, L.-W.  Wang, “High-energy excitations in CdSe quantum rods,” Nano Lett. 3, 101 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J.  Baker, A.  Widmer-Cooper, M.  Toney, P.  Geissler, A.  Alivisatos, “Device-scale perpendicular alignment of colloidal nanorods,” Nano Lett. 10, 195 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K.-J.  Wu, K.-C.  Chu, C.-Y.  Chao, Y.-F.  Chen, C.-W.  Lai, C.-C.  Kang, C.-Y.  Chen, P.-T.  Chou, “CdS nanorods imbedded in liquid-crystal cells for smart optoelectronic devices,” Nano Lett. 7, 1908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. O.  Anikeeva, J. E.  Halpert, M. G.  Bawendi, V.  Bulovic, “Quantum-dot light-emitting devices with electroluminescence tunable over the entire visible spectrum,” Nano Lett. 9, 2532 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. W.  Achtstein, A.  Schliwa, A.  Prudnikau, M.  Hardzei, M. V.  Artemyev, C.  Thomsen, U.  Woggon, “Electronic structure and exciton–phonon interaction in two-dimensional colloidal-CdSe nanosheets,” Nano Lett. 12, 3151 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

X.  Peng, L.  Manna, W.  Yang, J.  Wickham, E.  Scher, A.  Kadavanich, A.  Alivisatos, “Shape control of CdSe nanocrystals,” Nature 404, 59 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nature Mater. (1)

S.  Ithurria, M. D.  Tessier, B.  Mahler, R. P. S. M.  Lobo, B.  Dubertret, Al. L.  Efros, “Colloidal nanoplatelets with two-dimensional electronic structure,” Nature Mater. 10, 936 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mater. (1)

R.  Sarkar, A. K.  Shaw, S. S.  Narayanan, C.  Rothe, S.  Hintschich, A.  Monkman, S. K.  Pal, “Size and shape-dependent electron–hole relaxation dynamics in CdS nanocrystals,” Opt. Mater. 29, 1310 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J.  Feldmann, G.  Peter, E. O.  Gobel, P.  Dawson, K.  Moore, C.  Foxon, R. J.  Elliott, “Linewidth dependence of radiative-exciton lifetimes in quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2337 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Sensors (1)

R. J.  Martin-Palma, M.  Manso, V.  Torres-Costa, “Optical biosensors based on semiconductor nanostructures,” Sensors 9, 5149 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Small (1)

A. L.  Rogach, A.  Eychmuller, S. G.  Hickey, S. V.  Kershaw, “Infrared-emitting colloidal nanocrystals: synthesis, assembly, spectroscopy, and application,” Small 3, 536 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sol. Energy (1)

S.  Emin, S. P.  Singh, L.  Han, N.  Satoh, A.  Islam, “Colloidal quantum dot solar cells,” Sol. Energy 85, 1264 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

P. P.  Feofilov, Polarized Luminescence of Atoms, Molecules, and Crystals (Izd. AN SSSR, Moscow, 1959).

N. W.  Schuler, “Iodine-stained light polarizer,” U.S. Patent No. 4166871 (1979).

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